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市場調查報告書

生物塑料和天然纖維的全球市場(-2030)

The Global Market for Bioplastics and Natural Fibers to 2030

出版商 Future Markets, Inc. 商品編碼 986454
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 423 Pages, 136 Figures, 90 Tables
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生物塑料和天然纖維的全球市場(-2030) The Global Market for Bioplastics and Natural Fibers to 2030
出版日期: 2021年02月05日內容資訊: 英文 423 Pages, 136 Figures, 90 Tables
簡介

由於政府法律,消費者趨勢和環境問題,生物塑料和天然纖維正在食品包裝,汽車,建築/建築,紡織品,農業,體育和休閒以及消費品等市場中開發。與現有的合成材料相比,基於這些材料的生物複合材料具有明顯的優勢,例如減輕重量,可持續性和減少二氧化碳排放。它也富含天然纖維並且成本低廉。到2030年,生物塑料和天然纖維市場將保持良好增長,這對大型生產商和初創企業來說是巨大的機遇。

本報告調查了全球生物塑料和天然纖維市場,包括市場趨勢和驅動因素,按生產商/類型/市場/地區進行的產量估算,COVID-19的影響以及市場挑戰。天然纖維(超過合成塑料)以及主要公司的概況。

目錄

第1章調查目的

第2章調查方法

第3章執行摘要

  • 生物塑料
    • 什麼是生物塑料?
    • 市場趨勢
    • 全球產量預測
    • 主要生產商和全球生產能力
    • 全球對生物塑料的需求:按市場
    • COVID-19大流行對生物塑料市場和未來需求的影響
    • 生物衍生和可持續塑料市場的挑戰
  • 天然纖維
    • 什麼是天然纖維?
    • 天然纖維優於合成纖維的優勢
    • 天然纖維市場及應用
    • 天然纖維市場增長因素
    • 挑戰
    • Covid-19的影響

第4章全球塑料市場

  • 世界生產
  • 塑料的重要性
  • 塑料使用問題

第5章生物塑料市場

  • 嵌入式生物衍生塑料
  • 新型生物衍生塑料
  • 與常規塑料相比的優缺點
  • 生物衍生和/或生物降解塑料的類型
  • 可生物降解和可堆肥的塑料
    • 可生物降解
    • 堆肥的可能性
  • 合成生物衍生聚合物
    • 聚乳酸(Bio-PLA)
    • 聚對苯二甲酸乙二酯(Bio-PET)
    • 聚對苯二甲酸丙二醇酯(Bio-PTT)
    • 聚乙烯夫喃酸酯(Bio-PEF)
    • 聚□胺(Bio-PA)
    • 聚己二酸丁二酯-對苯二甲酸丁二酯(Bio-PBAT)
    • 聚丁二酸丁二酯(PBS)和共聚物
    • 聚乙烯(Bio-PE)
    • 聚丙烯(Bio-PP)
  • 天然生物來源的聚合物
    • 多羥基鏈烷酸酯(PHA)
    • 多醣
  • 生物塑料市場
    • 包裝
    • 家用電器
    • 建築與施工
    • 紡織品
    • 電子
    • 農業和園藝

第6章天然纖維市場

  • 天然纖維的製造方法,基體材料及其應用
  • 天然纖維的優勢
  • 植物(纖維素,木質纖維素)
    • 種子纖維
    • 韌皮纖維
    • 葉纖維
    • 水果纖維
    • 農業殘留物中的莖纖維
    • 甘蔗,草,蘆葦
    • 改性天然聚合物
  • 動物(纖維蛋白)
    • 羊毛
    • 絲纖維
    • 皮革
  • 天然纖維市場
    • 複合材料
    • 航空航天
    • 建築/建築
    • 體育與休閒
    • 紡織品
    • 包裝
  • 世界天然纖維產量
    • 全球紡織品市場
    • 植物來源的纖維生產
    • 動物來源的天然纖維生產

第7章生物塑料公司簡介(165公司簡介)

第8章天然纖維生產商和產品開發商的概況(123家公司的概況)

第9章參考

目錄
Product Code: NFBIO2021

Government legislation, consumer trends and environmental concerns are compelling the development of bioplastics and natural fibers in markets including food packaging, automotive, building/construction, textiles, agriculture, sports & leisure and consumer goods. Biocomposites based on these materials offer significant advantages over incumbent synthetic materials including lightweighting, sustainability and reduced carbon footprint. Natural fibers are also abundant and low-cost. The bioplastics and natural fibers market will witness good growth through to 2030, with excellent opportunities for large producers and start ups.

The report provides an in depth analysis of the bioplastics and natural fibers market by applications and bioplastic and natural fiber type.

Report contents include:

  • Market trends and drivers in the bioplastics and natural fibers market.
  • Production estimates by bioplastics and natural fibers producers, types, market and regions.
  • Impact of COVID-19.
  • Challenges for the bioplastics and natural fibers market.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the bioplastics and natural fibers over synthetic plastics.
  • Analysis of synthetic biopolymers market including Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA), Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET), Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT), Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF), Polyamides (Bio-PA), Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT), Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polysaccharides, Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose nanofibers, Protein-based bioplastics, Algal and fungal.
  • Analysis of natural fibers including seed fibers (cotton, luffa), bast fibers(jute, hemp, flax, ramie, kenaf), leaf fibers (sisal, abaca). fruit fibers (banana, pineapple, coir), stalk fibers, bamboo, sugarcane, animal proteins, plus alternative wool, leather, silk and down.
  • Profiles of over 250 companies. Companies profiled include Ananas Anam, BASF, Bast Fiber Technologies Inc., Kelheim Fibres GmbH, BComp, Circular Systems, Evrnu, Natural Fiber Welding, Icytos, NatureWorks, Total Corbion, Danimer Scientific, Novamont, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Indorama, Braskem, Avantium, Borealis, Cathay, Dupont, BASF, Arkema, DuPont, AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Spiber and many more.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 3.1. BIOPLASTICS
    • 3.1.1. What are bioplastics?
    • 3.1.2. Market trends
    • 3.1.3. Global production to 2030
    • 3.1.4. Main producers and global production capacities
      • 3.1.4.1. Producers
      • 3.1.4.2. By bioplastic type
      • 3.1.4.3. By region
    • 3.1.5. Global demand for bioplastics 2020, by market
    • 3.1.6. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand
    • 3.1.7. Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market
  • 3.2. NATURAL FIBERS
    • 3.2.1. What are natural fibers?
    • 3.2.2. Benefits of natural fibers over synthetic
    • 3.2.3. Markets and applications for natural fibers
    • 3.2.4. Market drivers for natural fibers
    • 3.2.5. Challenges
    • 3.2.6. Covid-19 impact

4. THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET

  • 4.1. Global production
  • 4.2. The importance of plastic
  • 4.3. Issues with plastics use

5. THE BIOPLASTICS MARKET

  • 5.1. Drop-in bio-based plastics
  • 5.2. Novel bio-based plastics
  • 5.3. Advantages and disadvantages compared to traditional plastics
  • 5.4. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics
  • 5.5. BIODEGRADABLE AND COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS
    • 5.5.1. Biodegradability
    • 5.5.2. Compostability
  • 5.6. SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS
    • 5.6.1. Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA)
      • 5.6.1.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.1.2. Producers
    • 5.6.2. Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)
      • 5.6.2.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.2.2. Producers
    • 5.6.3. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)
      • 5.6.3.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.3.2. Producers
    • 5.6.4. Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)
      • 5.6.4.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.4.2. Comparative properties to PET
      • 5.6.4.3. Producers
    • 5.6.5. Polyamides (Bio-PA)
      • 5.6.5.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.5.2. Producers
    • 5.6.6. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)
      • 5.6.6.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.6.2. Producers
    • 5.6.7. Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers
      • 5.6.7.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.7.2. Producers
    • 5.6.8. Polyethylene (Bio-PE)
      • 5.6.8.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.8.2. Producers
    • 5.6.9. Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
      • 5.6.9.1. Market analysis
      • 5.6.9.2. Producers
  • 5.7. NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS
    • 5.7.1. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
      • 5.7.1.1. Market analysis
      • 5.7.1.2. Commercially available PHAs
      • 5.7.1.3. Producers
    • 5.7.2. Polysaccharides
      • 5.7.2.1. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
        • 5.7.2.1.1. Market analysis
        • 5.7.2.1.2. Producers
      • 5.7.2.2. Cellulose nanocrystals
        • 5.7.2.2.1. Market analysis
        • 5.7.2.2.2. Producers
      • 5.7.2.3. Cellulose nanofibers
        • 5.7.2.3.1. Market analysis
        • 5.7.2.3.2. Producers
  • 5.8. MARKETS FOR BIOPLASTICS
    • 5.8.1. Packaging
    • 5.8.2. Consumer products
    • 5.8.3. Automotive
    • 5.8.4. Building & construction
    • 5.8.5. Textiles
    • 5.8.6. Electronics
    • 5.8.7. Agriculture and horticulture

6. THE NATURAL FIBERS MARKET

  • 6.1. Manufacturing method, matrix materials and applications of natural fibers
  • 6.2. Advantages of natural fibers
  • 6.3. Plants (cellulose, lignocellulose)
    • 6.3.1. Seed fibers
      • 6.3.1.1. Cotton
        • 6.3.1.1.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.1.2. Kapok
        • 6.3.1.2.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.1.3. Luffa
    • 6.3.2. Bast fibers
      • 6.3.2.1. Jute
        • 6.3.2.1.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.2.2. Hemp
        • 6.3.2.2.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.2.3. Flax
        • 6.3.2.3.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.2.4. Ramie
        • 6.3.2.4.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.2.5. Kenaf
        • 6.3.2.5.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
    • 6.3.3. Leaf fibers
      • 6.3.3.1. Sisal
        • 6.3.3.1.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.3.2. Abaca
        • 6.3.3.2.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
    • 6.3.4. Fruit fibers
      • 6.3.4.1. Coir
        • 6.3.4.1.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.4.2. Banana
        • 6.3.4.2.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.4.3. Pineapple
    • 6.3.5. Stalk fibers from agricultural residues
      • 6.3.5.1. Rice fiber
      • 6.3.5.2. Corn
    • 6.3.6. Cane, grasses and reed
      • 6.3.6.1. Switch grass
      • 6.3.6.2. Sugarcane (agricultural residues)
      • 6.3.6.3. Bamboo
        • 6.3.6.3.1. Production volumes 2018-2030
      • 6.3.6.4. Fresh grass (green biorefinery)
    • 6.3.7. Modified natural polymers
      • 6.3.7.1. Mycelium
      • 6.3.7.2. Chitosan
      • 6.3.7.3. Alginate
  • 6.4. Animal (fibrous protein)
    • 6.4.1. Wool
      • 6.4.1.1. Alternative wool materials
        • 6.4.1.1.1. Producers
    • 6.4.2. Silk fiber
      • 6.4.2.1. Alternative silk materials
        • 6.4.2.1.1. Producers
    • 6.4.3. Leather
      • 6.4.3.1. Alternative leather materials
        • 6.4.3.1.1. Producers
    • 6.4.4. Down
      • 6.4.4.1. Alternative down materials
        • 6.4.4.1.1. Producers
  • 6.5. MARKETS FOR NATURAL FIBERS
    • 6.5.1. Composites
      • 6.5.1.1. Applications
      • 6.5.1.2. Natural fiber injection moulding compounds
        • 6.5.1.2.1. Properties
        • 6.5.1.2.2. Applications
      • 6.5.1.3. Non-woven natural fiber mat composites
        • 6.5.1.3.1. Automotive
        • 6.5.1.3.2. Applications
      • 6.5.1.4. Aligned natural fiber-reinforced composites
      • 6.5.1.5. Natural fiber biobased polymer compounds
      • 6.5.1.6. Natural fiber biobased polymer non-woven mats
        • 6.5.1.6.1. Flax
        • 6.5.1.6.2. Kenaf
      • 6.5.1.7. Natural fiber thermoset bioresin composites
    • 6.5.2. Aerospace
      • 6.5.2.1. Market overview
    • 6.5.3. Automotive
      • 6.5.3.1. Market overview
      • 6.5.3.2. Applications of natural fibers
    • 6.5.4. Building/construction
      • 6.5.4.1. Market overview
      • 6.5.4.2. Applications of natural fibers
    • 6.5.5. Sports and leisure
      • 6.5.5.1. Market overview
    • 6.5.6. Textiles
      • 6.5.6.1. Market overview
      • 6.5.6.2. Consumer apparel
      • 6.5.6.3. Geotextiles
    • 6.5.7. Packaging
      • 6.5.7.1. Market overview
  • 6.6. NATURAL FIBERS GLOBAL PRODUCTION
    • 6.6.1. Overall global fibers market
    • 6.6.2. Plant-based fiber production
    • 6.6.3. Animal-based natural fiber production

7. BIOPLASTICS COMPANY PROFILES.. 162 (165 COMPANY PROFILES)

8. NATURAL FIBER PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPER PROFILES (123 COMPANY PROFILES)

9. REFERENCES

TABLES

  • Table 1. Market drivers and trends in bioplastics
  • Table 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Table 3. Global production capacities, by producers
  • Table 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2019-2025, by region, tons
  • Table 6. Types of natural fibers
  • Table 7. Markets and applications for natural fibers
  • Table 8. Market drivers for natural fibers
  • Table 9. Issues related to the use of plastics
  • Table 10. Advantages and disadvantages of biobased plastics compared to conventional plastics
  • Table 11. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications
  • Table 12. Type of biodegradation
  • Table 13. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis
  • Table 14. Lactic acid producers and production capacities
  • Table 15. PLA producers and production capacities
  • Table 16. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis
  • Table 17. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers
  • Table 18. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis
  • Table 19. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers
  • Table 20. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis
  • Table 21. PEF vs. PET
  • Table 22. FDCA and PEF producers
  • Table 23. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis
  • Table 24. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities
  • Table 25. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis
  • Table 26. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands
  • Table 27. Bio-PBS market analysis
  • Table 28. Leading PBS producers and production capacities
  • Table 29. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis
  • Table 30. Leading Bio-PE producers
  • Table 31. Bio-PP market analysis
  • Table 32. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities
  • Table 33. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis
  • Table 34. Commercially available PHAs
  • Table 35. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers
  • Table 36. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis
  • Table 37. Leading MFC producers and capacities
  • Table 38. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis
  • Table 39. Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer
  • Table 40. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis
  • Table 41. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer
  • Table 42. Application, manufacturing method, and matrix materials of natural fibers
  • Table 43. Typical properties of natural fibers
  • Table 44. Overview of cotton fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 45. Overview of kapok fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 46. Overview of luffa fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 47. Overview of jute fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 48. Overview of hemp fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 49. Overview of flax fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 50. Overview of ramie fibers- description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 51. Overview of kenaf fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 52. Overview of sisal fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 53. Overview of abaca fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 54. Overview of coir fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 55. Overview of banana fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 56. Overview of pineapple fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 57. Overview of rice fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 58. Overview of corn fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 59. Overview of switch grass fibers-description, properties and applications
  • Table 60. Overview of sugarcane fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and application and market size
  • Table 61. Overview of bamboo fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 62. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 63. Overview of chitosan fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 64. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 65. Overview of wool fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
  • Table 66. Alternative wool materials producers
  • Table 67. Overview of silk fibers-description, properties, application and market size
  • Table 68. Alternative silk materials producers
  • Table 69. Alternative leather materials producers
  • Table 70. Alternative down materials producers
  • Table 71. Applications of natural fiber composites
  • Table 72. Typical properties of short natural fiber-thermoplastic composites
  • Table 73. Properties of non-woven natural fiber mat composites
  • Table 74. Properties of aligned natural fiber composites
  • Table 75. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer compounds
  • Table 76. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer non-woven mats
  • Table 77. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 78. Natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite in the automotive market
  • Table 79. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 80. Applications of natural fibers in the automotive industry
  • Table 81. Natural fibers in the building/construction sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 82. Applications of natural fibers in the building/construction sector
  • Table 83. Natural fibers in the sports and leisure sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 84. Natural fibers in the textiles sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 85. Natural fibers in the packaging sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use
  • Table 86. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types
  • Table 87. Lactips plastic pellets
  • Table 88. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
  • Table 89. Oji Holdings CNF products

FIGURES

  • Figure 1. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons
  • Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types
  • Figure 3. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by type
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2030, by type
  • Figure 6. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2019
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2025
  • Figure 8. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics
  • Figure 9. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market, 2020
  • Figure 10. Global production capacities for bioplastics by end user market 2019-2030, tons
  • Figure 11. Challenges for the bioplastics market
  • Figure 12. Global plastics production 1950-2018, millions of tons
  • Figure 13. Coca-Cola PlantBottle®
  • Figure 14. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics
  • Figure 15. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025
  • Figure 16. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019, 1,000 tons
  • Figure 17. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2020, 1,000 tons
  • Figure 18. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 19. PHA bioplastics products
  • Figure 20. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in packaging 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 21. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in consumer products 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 22. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in automotive 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 23. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in building and construction 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 24. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in textiles 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 25. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in electronics 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 26. Biodegradable mulch films
  • Figure 27. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in agriculture 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons
  • Figure 28. Types of natural fibers
  • Figure 29. Cotton production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 30. Kapok production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 31. Luffa cylindrica fiber
  • Figure 32. Jute production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 33. Hemp fiber production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT)
  • Figure 34. Flax fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 35. Ramie fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 36. Kenaf fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 37. Sisal fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 38. Abaca fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 39. Coir fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT)
  • Figure 40. Banana fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT)
  • Figure 41. Pineapple fiber
  • Figure 42. Bamboo fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT)
  • Figure 43. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam
  • Figure 44. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials
  • Figure 45. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix
  • Figure 46. Hemp fibers combined with PP in car door panel
  • Figure 47. Car door produced from Hemp fiber
  • Figure 48. Mercedes-Benz components containing natural fibers
  • Figure 49. AlgiKicks sneaker, made with the Algiknit biopolymer gel
  • Figure 50. Coir mats for erosion control
  • Figure 51. Global fiber production in 2019, by fiber type, million MT and %
  • Figure 52. Global fiber production (million MT) to 2020-2030
  • Figure 53. Plant-based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, MT
  • Figure 54. Animal based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, million MT
  • Figure 55. Algiknit yarn
  • Figure 56. Bio-PA rear bumper stay
  • Figure 57. PHA production process
  • Figure 58. IPA synthesis method
  • Figure 59. Compostable water pod
  • Figure 60. Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing
  • Figure 61. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles
  • Figure 62. Corbion FDCA production process
  • Figure 63. Pluumo
  • Figure 64. Algiknit yarn
  • Figure 65. Amadou leather shoes
  • Figure 66. Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
  • Figure 67. MEDICELLU™
  • Figure 68. Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
  • Figure 69. Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 70. CNF nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 71. Roof frame made of natural fiber
  • Figure 72. Beyond Leather Materials product
  • Figure 73. Natural fibres racing seat
  • Figure 74. Cellugy materials
  • Figure 75. nanoforest-S
  • Figure 76. nanoforest-PDP
  • Figure 77. nanoforest-MB
  • Figure 78. Celish
  • Figure 79. Trunk lid incorporating CNF
  • Figure 80. ELLEX products
  • Figure 81. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 82. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 83. Color CNF
  • Figure 84. Rheocrysta spray
  • Figure 85. DKS CNF products
  • Figure 86. Mushroom leather
  • Figure 87. CNF based on citrus peel
  • Figure 88. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
  • Figure 89. Filler Bank CNC products
  • Figure 90. Fibers on kapok tree and after processing
  • Figure 91. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 92. CNF products from Furukawa Electric
  • Figure 93. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 94. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
  • Figure 95. CNF gel
  • Figure 96. Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 97. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 98. Marine leather products
  • Figure 99. Dual Graft System
  • Figure 100. Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
  • Figure 101. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
  • Figure 102. Kami Shoji CNF products
  • Figure 103. 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
  • Figure 104. BioFlex process
  • Figure 105. Chitin nanofiber product
  • Figure 106. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
  • Figure 107. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder
  • Figure 108. Cellulomix production process
  • Figure 109. Nanobase versus conventional products
  • Figure 110. MOGU-Wave panels
  • Figure 111. CNF slurries
  • Figure 112. Range of CNF products
  • Figure 113. Reishi
  • Figure 114. Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 115. Leather made from leaves
  • Figure 116. Nike shoe with beLEAF™
  • Figure 117. CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 118. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
  • Figure 119. XCNF
  • Figure 120. CNF insulation flat plates
  • Figure 121. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
  • Figure 122. Lyocell process
  • Figure 123. North Face Spiber Moon Parka
  • Figure 124. Spider silk production
  • Figure 125. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
  • Figure 126. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
  • Figure 127. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
  • Figure 128. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
  • Figure 129. Sulapac cosmetics containers
  • Figure 130. Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
  • Figure 131. CNF resin products
  • Figure 132. Vegea production process
  • Figure 133. HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 134. Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
  • Figure 135. Worn Again products
  • Figure 136. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process