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市場調查報告書

代替能源技術半導體:機會與市場

Semiconductors for Alternative Energy Technologies: Opportunities and Markets

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出版日期 內容資訊 英文
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代替能源技術半導體:機會與市場 Semiconductors for Alternative Energy Technologies: Opportunities and Markets
出版日期: 2016年11月01日 內容資訊: 英文
簡介

雖然預測高科技產業整體發展低迷,但替代能源技術在2012年之前可望以年成長率40%的速度成長,應於這些技術的半導體市場也將隨之擴大。

本報告內容針對太陽能、風力能源、燃料電池、地熱能源、核能、儲存技術與環境能源發電等,提供各項基礎設施動向及預測、半導體技術應用總結等,內容綱要摘記如下。

第1章 介紹

第2章 太陽能

  • 太陽能基礎環境
    • 現在的開發動向
    • 全球太陽光發電設備設置動向
    • 太陽光發電應用
    • 太陽光發電的經濟效益
    • 太陽能源預測
  • 半導體技術
    • 主要元件半導體設備
    • 半導體預測

第3章 風力能源

  • 風力能源基礎環境
    • 發電
    • 安裝風力發電機
    • 離岸式風力發電廠
    • 風力發電的使用
    • 小型風力發電
    • 經濟性與可行性
  • 半導體技術
    • 主要元件半導體設備
    • 半導體預測

第4章燃料電池

  • 燃料電池基礎設備
    • 燃料電池設計
    • 歷史
    • 燃料電池種類
    • 效率
    • 燃料電池應用
    • 燃料電池製造商
  • 半導體技術
    • 主要元件半導體設備
    • 半導體預測

第5章 儲藏技術

  • 儲藏基本設施
    • 使用與應用
    • 充電與放電
    • 主動元件
    • 近年開發
    • 代替技術
    • 電動汽車電池
  • 半導體技術
    • 主要元件半導體設備
    • 半導體預測

第6章 地熱能源

  • 地熱能源技術基礎環境
    • 地熱技術
    • 優點
    • 缺點
    • 發展歷史
    • 全球開發動向
    • 地熱能源預測
  • 半導體技術
    • 主要元件半導體設備
    • 半導體預測

第7章 核能

  • 核能基礎設施
    • 歷史
    • 未來產業動向
    • 原子爐預測
  • 半導體技術
    • 主要元件半導體設備
    • 半導體預測

第8章 環境能源發電

  • 能源收獲
    • 振動能源
    • 熱電能源
    • 電磁能源
    • 壓電能源
    • 靜電(容量)能源
    • 光能源
  • 能源儲存

圖表

目錄

The high price of oil in the past few years has been a catalyst for development in other alternative energy sources. Semiconductor technology surrounding the alternative energy markets includes advanced IGBT design, optoelectronics, advanced power conversion ICs, digital signal processing, MCUs, and advanced mixed signal and analog circuits. This report discussed the potential for these products to be the next killer green application.

The market for semiconductors for solar and wind grew 25.4% in 2012, reaching revenues of $1.4 billion. Revenues from these two alternative energy technologies grew another 26.5% in 2013.

Renewable, alternative energy technologies continue to grab the attention of private industries and world governments. Semiconductors are used in these technologies to convert the energy or power to something functional, such as converting solar energy into electricity.

Semiconductors used in products such as inverters, include MOSFETs, IGBTs, SiC, microcontrollers, DSPs, and discretes. The overall global market for PV inverters more than doubled in 2010, driven by main European markets. While the top 10 inverter suppliers were European, IC manufacturers of these devices have a more global presence.

Alternative energy technologies analyzed in the report are:

  • Solar
  • Wind
  • Fuel Cells
  • Storage
  • Geothermal
  • Nuclear

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Solar Energy

  • 2.1 Solar Infrastructure
    • 2.1.1 Current developments
    • 2.1.2 Worldwide installed photovoltaic totals
    • 2.1.3 Applications of PV
      • 2.1.3.1 PV Power Stations
      • 2.1.3.2 PV in Buildings
      • 2.1.3.3 PV in Transport
      • 2.1.3.4 PV in Standalone Devices
      • 2.1.3.5 Rural Electrification
      • 2.1.3.6 Solar Roadways
    • 2.1.4 Economics of PV
      • 2.1.4.1 Power Costs
      • 2.1.4.2 Grid Parity
      • 2.1.4.3 Financial Incentives
    • 2.1.5 Solar Forecast
  • 2.2 Semiconductor Technology
    • 2.2.1 Inverter/Converter Devices
    • 2.2.2 Key Component Semiconductor Devices
  • 2.3 Forecasts
    • 2.3.1 Inverter Forecast
    • 2.3.2 Semiconductor Forecast

Chapter 3 Wind Energy

  • 3.1 Wind Energy Infrastructure
    • 3.1.1 Electricity Generation
      • 3.1.1.1 Grid Management System
      • 3.1.1.2 Capacity Factor
    • 3.1.2 Turbine Placement
    • 3.1.3 Offshore Wind Farms
    • 3.1.4 Utilization Of Wind Power
    • 3.1.5 Small Scale Wind Power
    • 3.1.6 Economics And Feasibility
      • 3.1.6.1 Growth And Cost Trends
      • 3.1.6.2 Theoretical Potential
      • 3.1.6.3 Direct Costs
      • 3.1.6.4 External Costs
      • 3.1.6.5 Incentives
  • 3.2 Semiconductor Technology
    • 3.2.1 Key Component Semiconductor Devices
    • 3.2.2 Semiconductor Forecast

Chapter 4 Fuel Cells

  • 4.1 Fuel Cell Infrastructure
    • 4.1.1 Fuel Cell Design
    • 4.1.2 History
    • 4.1.3 Types of fuel cells
      • 4.1.3.1 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane
      • 4.1.3.2 Phosphoric Acid
      • 4.1.3.3 Direct Methanol
      • 4.1.3.4 Alkaline
      • 4.1.3.6 Molten Carbonate
      • 4.1.3.7 Solid Oxide
      • 4.1.3.8 Proton Exchange Fuel Cells
      • 4.1.3.9 Regenerative (Reversible) Fuel Cells
    • 4.1.4 Efficiency
      • 4.1.4.1 Fuel cell efficiency
      • 4.1.4.2 In practice
    • 4.1.5 Fuel cell applications
      • 4.1.5.1 Applications
      • 4.1.5.2 Hydrogen Transportation And Refueling
    • 4.1.6 Fuel Cell Manufacturers
  • 4.2 Semiconductor Technology
    • 4.2.1 Key Component Semiconductor Devices
    • 4.2.2 Semiconductor Forecast

Chapter 5 Storage/Electric Vehicle Technology

  • 5.1 Storage/Electric Vehicle Infrastructure
    • 5.1.1 Usage And Applications
    • 5.1.2 Charging And Discharging
    • 5.1.3 Active Components
      • 5.1.3.1 Common Rechargeable Battery Types
      • 5.1.3.2 Less Common Types
    • 5.1.4 Recent Developments
    • 5.1.5 Batteries for Electric Vehicles
      • 5.1.5.1 NiMH Batteries
      • 5.1.5.2 EV Li-Ion Rechargeable Batteries
      • 5.1.5.3 Start-Stop Batteries
    • 5.1.6 Vehicle Charging
      • 5.1.6.1 Grid Impacts
      • 5.1.6.2 Communication
  • 5.2 Forecasts
    • 5.2.1 HEV/EV Forecast
    • 5.2.2 Charging Station Forecast
    • 5.2.3 Key Component Semiconductor Devices - HEV/EV
    • 5.2.4 Key Component Semiconductor Devices -Charging Stations
    • 5.2.5 Semiconductor Forecast - HEV/EV
    • 5.2.3 Semiconductor Forecast - Charging Station

Chapter 6 Geothermal Energy

  • 6.1 Geothermal Energy Technology Infrastructure
    • 6.1.1 Geothermal Technologies
    • 6.1.2 Advantages
    • 6.1.3 Disadvantages
    • 6.1.4 History Of Development
    • 6.1.5 Developments Around The World
    • 6.1.6 Geothermal Forecast
  • 6.2 Semiconductor Technology
    • 6.2.1 Key Component Semiconductor Devices
    • 6.2.2 Semiconductor Forecast

Chapter 7 Nuclear Power

  • 7.1 Nuclear Power Infrastructure
    • 7.1.1 History
      • 7.1.1.1 Origins
      • 7.1.1.2 Early Years
      • 7.1.1.3 Development
    • 7.1.2 Future Of The Industry
      • 7.1.2.1 Micro Reactors
      • 7.1.2.2 Small-Medium Reactors
    • 7.1.3 Nuclear Reactor Forecast
  • 7.2 Semiconductor Technology
    • 7.2.1 Key Component Semiconductor Devices
    • 7.2.2 Semiconductor Forecast

Chapter 8 Energy Harvesting

  • 8.1 Harvesting Energy
    • 8.1.1 Vibration Energy
    • 8.1.2 Thermoelectric Energy
    • 8.1.3 Electromagnetic Energy
    • 8.1.4 Piezoelectric Energy
    • 8.1.5 Electrostatic (Capacitive) Energy
    • 8.1.6 Light Energy
  • 8.2 Storing Energy

Chapter 9 Hydroelectricity

  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Generating Methods
    • 9.2.1 Conventional (Dams)
    • 9.2.2 Pumped-Storage
    • 9.2.3 Run Of The River
    • 9.2.4 Tidal Power
      • 9.2.4.1 Tidal Stream Generator
      • 9.2.4.2 Tidal Barrage
      • 9.2.4.3 Dynamic Tidal Power
      • 9.2.4.4 Tidal Lagoon
  • 9.3 Sizes, Types And Capacities Of Hydroelectric Facilities
    • 9.3.1 Large Facilities
    • 9.3.2 Small Facilities
    • 9.3.3 Micro Facilities
    • 9.3.4 Pico Facilities
    • 9.3.5 Underground Facilities
  • 9.4 Forecasts
    • 9.4.1 World Hydroelectric Forecast
      • 9.4.1.1 Large Hydro Power Plants
      • 9.4.1.2 Small And Micro Hydro Power Plants
    • 9.4.2 Semiconductor Forecast

List Of Tables

  • 2.1 Total Photovoltaic Peak Power Capacity By Country
  • 2.2 World's Largest Photovoltaic Power Plants
  • 2.3 Required PV PCS System Functions
  • 2.4 PV Inverter Market Distribution
  • 2.5 Forecast Of On-Grid Inverters By Type
  • 2.6 Forecast Of Semiconductors For Solar Applications
  • 3.1 Operational Offshore Wind Farms
  • 3.2 Offshore Wind Farms Under Construction
  • 3.3 Installed Windpower Capacity (MW)
  • 3.4 Annual Wind Power Generation (TWh)
  • 3.5 U.S. Installed Capacity (Megawatts)
  • 4.1 Fuel Cell Comparisons
  • 4.2 Fuel Cell Details
  • 4.3 Worldwide Fuel Cell Shipments By Application
  • 4.4 Worldwide Fuel Cell Shipments By Region
  • 4.5 Worldwide Fuel Cell Shipments By Type
  • 5.1 Rechargeable Battery Technologies
  • 5.2 10-Year Costs For Electric Vehicle Batteries
  • 5.3 Breakeven Costs For EV Batteries - 40 Mile Range
  • 5.4 Breakeven Costs For EV Batteries - 100 Mile Range
  • 5.5 Types Of Charging Stations
  • 5.6 Typical Charging Times By Power Level And Electric Vehicle
  • 5.7 Forecast Of Charging Stations Shipments By Region
  • 5.8 Forecast Of Semiconductors For HEV/EV Automobiles
  • 5.9 Costs For Various HEV/EV Chargers
  • 7.1 Worldwide Nuclear Reactors By Region
  • 7.2 Small-Medium Reactors
  • 7-3 Number Of Reactors In Operation Worldwide
  • 7-4 Number Of Reactors Under Construction Worldwide
  • 7-5 Nuclear Share In Electricity Generation (%)
  • 8.1 Comparison Between Different Ambient Energy Sources
  • 9.1 Conventional Hydroelectric Power Stations In Service
  • 9.2 Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Power Stations
  • 9.3 Run Of The River Power Stations
  • 9.4 Tidal Power Stations
  • 9.5 Forecast Of Small And Mini Power Plants In Europe

List Of Figures

  • 2.1 Flat Plate Solar Collector
  • 2.2 Parabolic Trough Solar Collector
  • 2.3 Solar Dish/Engine Collector
  • 2.4 Solar Power Tower Collector
  • 2.5 Forecast Of Solar Power
  • 2.6 Centralized Inverter Structure
  • 2.7 String Inverter Structure
  • 2.8 Micro-Inverter Structure
  • 2.9 Micro-Converter Structure
  • 2.10 Block Diagram Of Solar Inverter System
  • 2.11 Full Bridge IGBT Topology
  • 2.12 Solar Installations By Country By Type
  • 3.1 Evolution Of U.S. Commercial Wind Technology
  • 3.2 U.S. Installed Capacity (Megawatts)
  • 3.3 Worldwide Wind Turbine Shipments
  • 3.4 Wind Power As Percent Of Electricity
  • 3.5 Semiconductor Revenues From Wind Energy Systems
  • 4.1 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell
  • 4.2 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) Fuel Cell
  • 4.3 Alkaline (AFC) Fuel Cell
  • 4.4 Molten Carbonate (MCFC) Fuel Cell
  • 4.5 Solid Oxide (SOFC) Fuel Cell
  • 4.6 Proton Exchange Fuel Cell
  • 4.7 Transition To A Hydrogen Economy
  • 4.8 Hydrogen Reformer Fueling Station
  • 4.9 Diversified Fuel Cell Development
  • 4.10 Fuel Cell Inverter In Car
  • 4.11 Block Diagram Of Fuel Cell Inverter
  • 4.12 Semiconductor Revenues From Fuel Cell Systems
  • 5.1 Mass And Volume Energy Densities Of Secondary Cells
  • 5.2 Battery Capacity For An Electric Vehicle
  • 5.3 Battery Price With Increased Production
  • 5.4 Cathode Material Cost
  • 5.5 Target For Li-Ion Rechargeable Batteries
  • 5.6 Diverse Range Of Candidates For Cathodes
  • 5.7 Improving Cathode Materials
  • 5.8 Battery Loads - Conventional Versus Stop-Start System
  • 5.9 Shipments Of Start-Stop, HEV, PHEV, AND EV
  • 5.10 Start-Stop Market Forecast
  • 5.11 EV Communications Control System Overview
  • 5.12 Forecast of Global Sales of HEVs and EVs
  • 5.13 Forecast Of Charging Stations Shipments By Type
  • 5.14 A Simple Diagram Of A HEV Traction Drive System
  • 5.15 A More Complex Diagram Of PEEM In A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
  • 5.16 Schematic Of Charging Stations
  • 5.17 Circuit Diagram For Level 1 & 2 Charger
  • 5.18 Circuit Diagram For Level 3 Charger
  • 5.19 Revenue Forecast For Semiconductors For HEV/EV Chargers
  • 6.1 Geothermal With Well to Magma
  • 6.2 Conventional Geothermal Well
  • 6.3 Geothermal Heat Pump
  • 6.4 Forecast of Geothermal Installed Capacity
  • 6.5 Forecast of Semiconductors for Geothermal
  • 7.1 Hyperion Nuclear Reactor
  • 7.2 Heat Transfer For Different Primary Coolants
  • 7.3 Historical And Projected World Energy Use By Energy Source, 1980-2030
  • 8.1 Technologies for Harvesting Energy
  • 8.2 Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvester
  • 8.3 Thermoelectric Energy Converter And Photovoltaic Cell
  • 8.4 The Four Main Blocks Of A Typical Energy-Scavenging System
  • 8.5 The LTC3108 Converter/Power Manager
  • 8.6 Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Beam and MEMS Varactors
  • 8.7 Constant-Current/Constant-Voltage Battery Charging Model
  • 9.1 Cross Section Of A Conventional Hydroelectric Dam
  • 9.2 Cross Section Of A Pumped Storage Hydro System
  • 9.3 Forecast For Hydroelectric Power Generation
  • 9.4 A Six Pulse Diode Bridge ELC With IAG System Configuration
  • 9.5 Cost Breakdown Of A 500 Mw Hydropower Plant
  • 9.6 Cost Breakdown For Small Hydro Projects
  • 9.7 Global Small And Micro Hydro Power New Capacity Forecast
  • 9.8 Global Semiconductor Revenues For Small And Micro Hydro Power Forecast
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