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市場調查報告書

電子商務的環境影響:2020年

The Environmental Impact of E-Commerce 2020

出版商 yStats.com GmbH & Co. KG 商品編碼 923076
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 81 Pages/Charts
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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電子商務的環境影響:2020年 The Environmental Impact of E-Commerce 2020
出版日期: 2020年01月21日內容資訊: 英文 81 Pages/Charts
簡介

一項研究顯示,線上購物的物流效率較高,相較傳統商店購物其碳排放量可能更低。然而時尚產品的高退貨率,以及黑色星期五等特賣活動需在短時間內大量捆包、出貨、配送、退換、處置等皆增加了對環境的影響。

本報告研究全球電子商務對環境的影響,彙整電子商務現況、購物者的電子商務使用趨勢、退貨頻率和原因、特賣的電子商務銷售和環境負擔、購物者對配送和包裝選項的選擇、考量環境型電子商務的解決方案趨勢等情報。

第1章 管理摘要

第2章 全球市場趨勢

第2章 概要與簡介

  • 全球:電子商務對環境的影響:概要
  • 全球:零售電子商務銷售於整體零售的占比:推移和預測
  • 全球:每週1次以上從雜貨零售店收取貨物的消費者占比:按國家
  • 全球:包裹數量的推移和預測
  • 全球:跨境線上購買趨勢
  • 全球:跨境電子商務的B2C空運貨物占比
  • 全球:商業航空的CO2排放量占比
  • 全球:購物者碳足跡;其他

第3章 產品退貨及其對環境的影響

  • 全球:最近3個月退貨的線上購物者占比
  • 美國:退貨回線上商店的包裹數
  • 北美:退貨占比:傳統零售和電子商務
  • 德國:電子商務退貨占比
  • 德國:電子商務退貨的溫室氣體排放量占比
  • 英國:線上購物者占比
  • 全球:退貨原因
  • 歐洲:電子商務產品退貨占比:按類型
  • 英國:關心環境負擔的線上購物者占比
  • 全球:跨境線上購物者的退貨趨勢:按國家;其他

第4章 特賣與對環境的影響

  • 美國:黑色星期五的零售電子商務銷售
  • 全球:Amazon Prime Day的銷售總額
  • 中國:「雙十一」包裹配送總數
  • 英國:關心黑色星期五與網路星期一對環境影響的消費者占比;其他

第5章 線上購物者對配送和環保選項的態度

  • 歐洲:願意為當日配送和隔日配送付費的消費者占比:按國家
  • 全球:線上購物者期望減少配送天數的原因
  • 英國:最近3個月中使用Click-and-Collect的線上購物者占比
  • 墨西哥:選擇延長配送時間以保存樹木的線上購物者占比
  • 北美:重視配送對環境影響的線上購物者占比;其他

第6章 包裝與永續選項的消費者行動

  • 全球:消費者對包裝的意識
  • 歐洲:購買較少包裝產品的消費者占比:按國家
  • 歐洲:找尋環保包裝產品的消費者占比:按國家
  • 全球:願意為永續包裝支付追加費用的消費者占比:按國家
  • 全球:跨境線上購物者對永續包裝的意識;其他

第7章 永續支付

  • 全球:支付和永續性

第8章 永續旅行

  • 全球:提供可永續選項的線上預約網站
  • 全球:對永續旅行的意識

第9章 提供考慮環境型電子商務解決方案的提供商

  • 全球:電子商務與永續性
  • 全球:解決方案提供商案例;其他
目錄
Product Code: 1466

"E-Commerce's environmental impact subject of new yStats.com publication."

Diversity of consideration in environmental burden of online commerce

One study cited in the yStats report suggests that online shopping may have a lower carbon footprint than traditional in-store shopping because of more efficient logistics. Nevertheless, the determination of environmental impact of E-Commerce is complicated by a range of considerations, including local transportation practices, and the type of delivery vehicles used by merchants, among others.

The high return rates and short-term sales events of online retail increase environmental impact

The high return rate of fashion items, one of leading categories of B2C E-Commerce globally, attracts the attention of those concerned about the environmental consequences of online shopping. A January 2019 survey cited in the yStats.com publication reflected that over a third of online shoppers returned a purchased item in the previous three months. The consequences to the environment of returns is that they involve double transportation and may require disposal rather than resale. Further, special sales such as Singles Day, Black Friday and Cyber Monday place a burden on the environment due to the intense amount of packaging, shipping and delivery in a relatively short time, plus the disposal of serviceable items replaced with bargain-priced goods.

Online shoppers and merchants begin to show concern for the environment

While shoppers generally select the quickest delivery methods at the lowest price point, some recent studies citied in the new yStats.com report indicate that when made aware of delivery options with a lower environmental burden, some shoppers would choose that method. Likewise, leading E-Commerce merchants such as Amazon, Alibaba, and Zalando are making efforts to decrease the burden their businesses create on the environment through such things as logistics efficiencies, delivery with electric vehicles and use of recycled packaging materials.

Covered Regions:

Global, Europe, North America.

Companies Mentioned:

Amazon.com Inc, Alibaba Group Holding, Optoro Inc, Deutsche Post DHL Group, Memo AG, Mastercard Inc, American Express Co,Visa Inc., SIBS LLC, Flipkart Online Services Pvt. Ltd., JD.com Inc, Zalando SE, ASOS PLC, Etsy Inc, Cainiao Network Technology Co Ltd, Target, Doconomy.

Table of Contents

1. Management Summary

2. Overview & Introduction

  • Global: E-Commerce's Impact on the Environment Overview, January 2020
  • Global: Retail E-Commerce Sales, in USD trillion and in Share of Total Retail Sales, in %, 2017-2023f
  • Global: Share of Consumers Receiving Deliveries Once a Week or More From Grocery Retailers, in % of Consumers, by France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK, the USA, 2018 & 2021f
  • Global: Parcel Volumes, in billions, 2014-2018 & 2025f
  • Global: Top 5 Countries Purchased From in the Latest Cross-Border Online Purchase, in % of Cross-Border Online Shoppers, 2017 & 2018
  • Global: Breakdown of Time Needed for Cross-Border Delivery, in % of Cross-Border Online Shoppers, October 2018
  • USA: Goods Flown by Amazon Air, in thousand tons, July 2018, December 2018 & July 2019
  • Global: Share of Cross-Border E-Commerce B2C Shipments Transported by Air, in %, 2019
  • Global: Share of CO2 Emissions From Freight Operations in Commercial Aviation, in %, 2018
  • Global: Carbon Footprint of Shoppers, by In-Store Only, In-Store & Online & Fast-Shipping, Online Only, Online-Only & Fast-Shipping in kg CO2e, June 2019

3. Product Returns and the Effect on the Environment

  • Global: Share of Online Shoppers Who Returned an Item in the Three Months Prior to the Study, in %, January 2019
  • USA: Volume of Packages Returned to Online Shops, in Millions per Day, January 2019, December 2019 & January, 2nd 2020f
  • North America: Share of Returns, by Traditional Retail and E-Commerce, in % of Sales, December 2018
  • Germany: Share of E-Commerce Returns, by Ordered Articles and Delivered Parcels, in %, 2018
  • Germany: Share of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Caused by E-Commerce Returns in Country's Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions, in %, 2018
  • UK: Share of Online Shoppers Ordering Articles They Are Willing to Return, by Total Surveyed and 25-34 Year-Olds, in %, April 2019
  • Global: Breakdown of Reasons for Returning an Item, in % Surveyed Online Shoppers, January 2019
  • Europe: Share of Returns of E-Commerce Articles, by Category, in % of Returned Articles, March 2019
  • Europe: Share of E-Commerce Returned Articles Eligible for Repeated Sale as an A-Article, in %, March 2019
  • Germany: Share of E-Commerce Returned Articles that Were Disposed of, in %, December 2018
  • Europe: Share of E-Commerce Merchants For Whom Measures to Avoid Returns Have Special Priority, in %, March 2019
  • UK: Share of Online Shoppers Concerned About Environmental Impact of Over-Ordering and Returning Goods, and Who Reduced the Amount Ordered or Returned, in %, April 2019
  • Global: Share of Returns, by Iceland, India, Hungary, Latvia, Mexico, Norway, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam and Global Average, in % of Cross-Border Online Shoppers, October 2018

4. Special Sales and Their Environmental Impact

  • USA: Retail E-Commerce Sales on Black Friday, in USD billion and in Year-on-Year Change, in %, 2017-2019e
  • Global: Gross Merchandise Sales During Amazon Prime Day, in USD billion, 2015-2019e
  • China: Number of Parcels Delivered as a Result of Singles Day, in millions, 2017-2019e
  • China: Volume of Packaging from Deliveries During Singles Day, in million tons, 2018 & 2025f
  • UK: Share of Consumers Who Consider or Try to Reduce the Environmental Impact of Black Friday and Cyber Monday Purchases, in % of Respondents, November 2019
  • UK: Share of Consumers Whose Black Friday and Cyber Monday Purchase Will Be Planned or Impulse-Driven, in % of Respondents, November 2019
  • UK: Share of Consumers Using Their Black Friday and Cyber Monday 2018 Purchased Item, in % of Respondents, November 2019

5. Delivery and Online Shoppers' Attitudes Towards Environmentally-Friendly Options

  • Europe: Share of Consumers Who Are Willing to Pay For Same-Day Delivery, in %, and For Next-Day Delivery, in %, by France, Germany, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands, the UK, September 2018
  • Global: Breakdown of Actions Taken to Qualify for Free Shipping, in % Surveyed Online Shoppers, January 2019
  • Global: Breakdown of Reasons for Reducing Delivery Speed, in % Surveyed Online Shoppers, January 2019
  • UK: Share of Online Shoppers More Likely to Opt for Alternatives to Home Delivery If Informed of the Respective Emissions for Each Delivery Option, in %, March 2019
  • UK: Share of Online Shoppers Who Used Click-and-Collect in the Last 3 Months, and in the Last 6 Months, in %, March 2019
  • Mexico: Share of Online Shoppers Opting for Longer Delivery Times to Save Trees, in % of Respondents, April 2019
  • North America: Share of Online Shoppers Who Care a Great Deal about the Environmental Impact of Their Deliveries, in %, and Who are Conscious of The Issue, in %, July 2018
  • North America: Share of Online Shoppers Who Believe a Consolidated Delivery Service Option Has a Positive Environmental Impact, in %, and Who Are Willing to Opt for Such a Service, in %, July 2018
  • UK: Share of Online Shoppers Who Admit That Home Delivery Option Is a Default Habit, in %, March 2019
  • UK: Attitudes Towards Environmental Impact of Online Delivery, in % Online Shoppers, and in % of 18-24 Year-Old Online Shoppers, March 2019
  • United States: Share of Etsy's Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Shipping in the Company's Total Emissions, in %, February 2019
  • Global: Breakdown of Attitudes Towards Carbon-Neutral Delivery, in % of Cross-Border Online Shoppers, October 2018

6. Packaging and Consumers' Approach to Sustainable Options

  • Global: Share of Empty Space in E-Commerce Parcel, in % of Volume, December 2019
  • China: Share of Cardboard Boxes Used in Express Delivery Packaging That Were Reused, in %, September 2019
  • Global: Consumers' Attitudes Towards Packaging, in %, April 2019
  • Europe: Share of Consumers Who Buy Items With Less Packaging, by France, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, the UK, and European Average, in %, September 2018
  • Europe: Share of Consumers Who Look For Products With Environmentally Friendly Packaging, by Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, and European Average, in %, September 2018
  • Global: Share of Consumers Who Are Willing to Pay a Premium for Sustainable Packaging When Buying Food Items, by China, Germany, Ireland, Poland, Switzerland, the UK, the USA, and European Average, in %, September 2018
  • Germany: Share of Online Shoppers Opting for Shipping in Reusable Packaging, in % of memo AG Online Shoppers, July 2019
  • Global: Breakdown of Attitudes Towards Sustainable Packaging, in % of Cross-Border Online Shoppers, October 2018

7. Sustainable Payments

  • Global: Payment and Sustainability - Players Overview, January 2020

8. Sustainable Travel

  • Global: Online Booking Sites Offering a Sustainable or Eco-Friendly Filter Option Seen as an Incentive to Travel More Sustainably, in % of Adult Respondents, March 2019
  • Global: Attitudes Towards Sustainable Travel, in % of Adult Respondents, February-March 2019

9. Players and Companies Offering Solutions to Make E-Commerce Greener

  • Global: E-Commerce and Sustainability - Players and Current Developments, January 2020
  • Global: Examples of Companies with Sustainable Solutions for E-Commerce, including Reverse Logistics, December 2019
  • Global: Examples of Companies with Sustainable Solutions for E-Commerce, incl. Delivery and Packaging, December 2019
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