市場調查報告書

塔和電線桿的世界市場

Towers and Poles Report Ed 8 2021

出版商 StatPlan Energy Limited 商品編碼 969594
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 283 Pages
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塔和電線桿的世界市場 Towers and Poles Report Ed 8 2021
出版日期: 將在2021年01月01日內容資訊: 英文 283 Pages
簡介

2019年,共售出419,000座鋼塔和6,300萬根電線桿,用於輸配電,通信,路燈和停車場照明。到2020年,由於COVID-19,它略有下降。

本報告調查並分析了塔架和電線桿市場,並提供了有關市場規模,未來市場前景,供求,區域分析,主要公司等的系統信息。

目錄

執行摘要

第1章塔和電支柱概述

第2章電力和通訊塔:安裝數量

  • 輸電塔/通訊塔的開發
  • 對升高的傳輸電壓和更換的影響

第3章電力/通訊塔:單位銷售

  • 銷量:2020
  • 單位銷量:2019-2026

第4章電力和通訊塔的銷售(名義價格)

  • 實際價格和名義價格的比較

第5章停車場中的電力,電話,路燈,電線桿:安裝數量

  • 電線桿:電源/電話
  • 路燈
  • 中央管理系統(CMS)
  • 停車場
  • 通信小電池電極
  • 被動安全
  • 已安裝的電極數:按功能
  • 已安裝的電極數:按材料

第6章停車場的電源,電話,路燈,電線桿:單位銷售

  • 電線桿的需求

第7章電支柱單位銷售

  • 電線銷售:按長度
  • 電線桿的銷售:按材料分類
  • 電線桿的銷售:按地區

第8章電支柱的銷售(名義價格)

  • 實際價格和名義價格的比較
  • 名義價格銷售
  • 電線銷售:按長度
  • 電線桿的銷售:按材料分類
  • 電線桿的銷售:按地區

第9章COVID-19對鋼塔和電線桿行業的影響

  • 政府,媒體,電力公用事業和供電行業的不匹配
  • 大流行的影響
  • 對市場的影響
  • 北美
  • 歐洲
  • 中國
  • 印度
  • 巴基斯坦
  • 南美洲

第10章塔和電線桿的長期需求週期

  • 增長
  • 新安裝和更換

第11章塔:單極與萊迪思塔

  • 美國
  • 歐洲
  • 亞太地區
  • 拉丁美洲
  • 中東等

第12章塔的類型(塔)

  • 懸浮鐵塔
  • 張力鋼塔
  • 角鋼塔
  • 固定鐵塔
  • 可轉換鋼塔
  • 如何安裝塔
  • 成品/零件運輸方式
  • 零件組裝方法
  • 本地組裝方法
  • 直升機運輸方法

第13章鋼塔和電線桿的耐用性和維護

第14章輸電桿設計競賽

第15章按國家劃分的電支柱市場:配電/電話

  • 美國
  • 歐洲
  • 亞太地區
  • 中東
  • 非洲

第16章路燈

第17章停車場

第18章被動安全

第19章電極(常規木材,鋼,混凝土)的材料和使用壽命

第20章複合材料電極

第21章電支柱的類型

第22章電柱間距

第23章用於多用途電極的空間分配

第24章塔/電支柱製造商(鋼/木材/混凝土)

第25章複合材料製成的電線桿和硬件製造商

第26章電路相和導體

第27章使用權

第28章鳥類危險

目錄

419,000 lattice towers and 63 million utility poles were sold in 2019 for electricity transmission and distribution, telecoms, and street and car park lighting, with a small drop in 2020 due to Covid-19. The installed base and annual demand of the tower and pole fleet are analysed by geography, enduser segments, materials - wood/steel/concrete/composite, pole length > 70 ft, 40-70 ft, > 40 ft.

  • End-user segments:
    • Electricity transmission lattice towers
    • Telecom lattice towers
    • Electricity transmission monopoles
    • Telecom macro monopoles
    • Telecom small cell poles
    • Electricity distribution poles
    • Telephone poles
    • Streetlight poles
    • Car park light poles
    • Total towers &poles
  • Material: Wood / Concrete / Steel / Composite
  • Pole length: ≥70' (21m) / 40'<70' (12-21m ) / <40' (12m )
  • Annual demand; Units and $ value from 2019 to 2026

Covid-19 - Review of impact of the pandemic, regional commentary, analysis of supply and demand.

National market commentary for Utility Poles- Market commentary on installed bases and demand for utility poles in selected countries, with information on numbers and type of pole.

Long term demand cycle The long term demand cycle is charted for new additions and replacements since 1900 and forecast to 2050.

The March of the Monopoles - a growing trend from lattice towers to monopoles is analysed with country reviews.

Street lighting - 323 million street and 29 million parking lights in a vigorous market driven by the conversion to high efficiency LEDs, urbanisation and passive safety.

Parking is an urban priority and escalating population density puts pressure on demand for space. A small market for lighting poles to date but growing..........

Materials are changing - wood remains popular, but growing demand for steel, concrete and composite poles is analysed.

Composite poles industry, market development and production technology, with profiles of the main producers.

Competitive landscape - The principal vendors are reviewed in a 30 page section, with 102 companies manufacturing towers and poles are listed with brief reviews. The leading producers include - KEC, Valmont, Falcon, Skipper Ltd, Europoles, Mitas, Al-Babtain, Brametal, Europole, Mercur Induo System-holztechnik GmbH, Bajaj Electrical, Kalpetaru, Al-Yamamah, Shakespeare Composite Structures, Strong-well, RS Technologies, Powertrusion, Duratel, Daji, Qingdao Sinostra, Qingdao, Megatro.......and more.

Passive safety regulation is having a significant impact on some markets - analysis of countries, legisla-tion, the technologies and types of passive safety pole, road segments affected.

The Smart City and street lighting - efficiency, LEDs and the pole market.

Types of lattice tower - Lattice towers are designed for different functions and stresses and there is wide variation in cost - suspension towers, tension towers, angle suspension towers , dead end towers.

Pole materials and service life - Real versus perceived service life and utility practices.

The Margin Stack - The value chain is a continuous process of adding value, cost and margin to a product. Each part which is outsourced to an external supplier means less profit for the principal manu-facturer......the missed profits stack up......

Joint use of utility poles - Joint use by different utilities is a significant factor in the pole market. The protocols for space allocation and standards are outlined.

ROW - Rights of Way - A significant cost which can be an obstacle in designing networks and specify-ing equipment. With increasing pressure on space and environmental constraints, ROWs are becoming more scarce and expensive. ROW is a significant driver in the trend to Monopoles.

Dangers & mitigation of damage to towers and poles by birds - this is not only an issue of animal wel-fare but also of protecting security of supply.

Methodology - Different methodologies were required for each segment of the pole population. For the largest segment, utility poles, the cumulative installed base grows in a linear trend but demand fluctuates in cycles, consisting of units which are installed in one year, either as additions for expansion of the net-works or replacements of aged towers or poles. StatPlan has created databases of the fleets of towers and poles for every country, with historical records from 1900 and new build and replacements are calcu-lated from these records, to create the long-term demand trend. These are reviewed with market intelli-gence and modified where necessary to estimate short-term sales trends. For other segments populations were established from industry reports and gaps modelled.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Definitions and terms for supports
  • The functions and types of supporter.
  • All towers and poles, '000 units
  • Global installed base of lattice towers and monopoles for electricity transmission and macro telecoms
  • Global installed base utility poles for electricity distribution and telephone lines, streetlights and car par lights
  • The market for supporters
  • Lattice towers and poles annual sales, units and $ 2019 to 2026
  • Sales of supporters by $ value in 2020 by type
  • Revenue by region, $ billions
  • Demand for poles by pole type
  • The impact of Covid-19
  • Long term demand trend - New and Replacement
  • The value chain - the margin stack
  • Types of lattice tower
  • The growth of monopoles
  • Production and manufacturers of towers and monopoles
  • Streetlighting
  • Lighting poles in the parking sector
  • Passive Safety
  • Materials
  • Wood
  • Steel & aluminium
  • Concrete
  • Composite

1.OVERVIEW OF SUPPORTERS - TOWERS AND POLES

  • The different infrastructures in which towers and poles are used.
  • Lattice towers, large monopoles and utility poles - owners and users
  • Lattice towers - Transco and MNO
  • Lattice towers -transco towers installed base 10.0 million,
  • Transco monopoles - installed base 6.9 million
  • Telecoms communications macro towers - installed base 5.1 million macro cell stations and MNO lattice towers 1.6 million
  • MNO macro monopoles - installed base 1.1 million
  • Utility poles installed base - electricity distribution (disco) 944 million poles - landline telephone communications 397 million poles
  • Dedicated telecoms small cell poles - 256,000
  • Streetlights - installed base 323.3 million
  • Car park lights - installed base 29.3 million
  • The market for supporters

2.ELECTRICITY AND TELECOM LATTICE TOWERS - INSTALLED POPULATION

  • Development of transmission and telecom towers
  • The increase of transmission voltages and its impact on replacement

3. ELECTRICITY AND TELECOM LATTICE TOWERS - SALES IN UNITS

  • Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units, 2020
  • Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units, 2019-26

4. SALES OF TRANSMISSION AND TELECOM LATTICE TOWERS IN NOMINAL $ VALUE

  • The comparison of real and nominal value

5. ELECTRICITY, TELEPHONE, STREETLIGHT & CAR PARK POLES - INSTALLED POPULATION

  • Utility poles- electricity and telephone
  • Streetlights
  • Central management system (CMS)
  • Car parks
  • Telecoms small cell poles
  • Passive safety
  • Installed pole population by function
  • Installed population by material; wood, concrete, steel, composite

6. ELECTRICITY, TELEPHONE, STREETLIGHT & CAR PARK POLES - SALES IN UNITS & $ VALUE

  • Demand for poles

7. SALES OF POLES IN UNITS

  • Sales of poles by length; < 40' (12 m), 40-<70' (12-21 m), ≥70' (21 m)
  • Sales of poles by material; wood, steel, concrete, composite
  • Sales of poles in units by region, 2019-26

8. SALES OF POLES IN NOMINAL $ VALUE

  • The comparison of real and nominal value
  • Sales of Sales in nominal $
  • Sales of poles by length; < 40' (12 m), 40-<70' (12-21 m), ≥70' (21 m)
  • Sales of poles by material; wood, steel, concrete, composite
  • Sales of poles in nominal $ by region, 2019-26

9. THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE MARKET AND INDUSTRY FOR TOWERS AND POLES

  • The mismatch between government, the media, the electrical utilities and the supply industry
  • Impact of the pandemic
  • The impact on the market has two dimensions, supply and demand.
  • North America
  • Europe
  • China
  • India
  • Pakistan
  • South America

10. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLES FOR TOWERS AND POLES

  • Growth of electricity transmission and distribution line networks, telecoms and streetlighting
  • New installations and replacements

11. TRANSMISSION - MONOPOLES vs. LATTICE TOWERS

  • United States
  • Europe
  • Netherlands
  • Scandinavia
  • Denmark
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Italy
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • Japan and Korea
  • India
  • ASEAN
  • Mongolia
  • Pacific
  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Latin America
  • South Africa
  • Middle East
  • Cost
  • Space requirements
  • Reduction of the electromagnetic field
  • Foundations

12. TYPES OF TOWER OR PYLONS

  • Suspension tower
  • Tension towers
  • Angle suspension tower
  • Termination or dead-end towers, also called tension towers
  • Transposition towers
  • Tower Installation
  • 1.Build-up or piecemeal method.
  • 2.Section method
  • 3.Ground assembly method
  • 4.Helicopter method
  • Elements of lattice tower design

13. SERVICE LIFE AND MAINTENANCE OF STEEL LATTICE TOWERS AND MONOPOLES

  • Service Life
  • Maintenance
  • Phase 1 - Coffee Stain Rust
  • Phase 2 - Abrasive Rust
  • Phase 3 - Extensive Abrasive Rust
  • Phase 4 - Crash

14. COMPETITIONS FOR TRANSMISSION POLE DESIGN

15. NATIONAL MARKETS FOR UTILITY POLES - ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION AND TELEPHONE

  • United States
  • The history of utility poles
  • Other materials for utility poles
  • Europe
  • Austria
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom:
  • Russia
  • Asia Pacific
  • Japan
  • China
  • India
  • Korea
  • Singapore and Macau
  • Australia
  • Middle East
  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE
  • Oman
  • Africa

16. STREETLIGHTING

  • The world stock of streetlights

17. PARKING

  • United States
  • Europe
  • China
  • Japan
  • Global parking revenues
  • Lighting poles in the parking sector

18. PASSIVE SAFETY

  • The main categories of passive safety road equipment
  • Passive safety pole types
  • Safe materials
  • Frangible pole types
  • Breakaway and slip-base poles
  • Impact-absorbing poles
  • High energy absorbing (HE):
  • Low Energy absorbing (LE)
  • Non Energy absorbing (NE)
  • The origins of the passive safety concept
  • Passive Safety in the EU
  • EU National regulations
  • Norway
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • Belgium
  • Netherlands
  • United Kingdom
  • Slovenia
  • United States

19. UTILITY POLE MATERIALS AND SERVICE LIFE - TRADITIONAL MATERIALS WOOD, STEEL, CONCRETE

  • Materials
  • Use
  • Description
  • Size classification
  • H5 - H1
  • 1-5
  • 6-10
  • Materials
  • Wood
  • Wood preservatives
  • Pollution from wood preservatives - Leaching
  • Steel
  • Concrete
  • Spun and cast concrete poles
  • Composites- fibreglass
  • Disposal
  • Wood poles service life
  • Maintenance
  • Ground line Treatment
  • Internal Treatment
  • Concrete poles service life
  • Steel poles service life
  • Composite poles service life

20. COMPOSITE POLES

  • Introduction
  • Development of composite technology and poles in the US
  • Price/cost
  • Safety factor
  • Materials for composites and the manufacturing processes
  • Filament winding
  • Pultrusion
  • Testing composites
  • Scandinavian trials of composites
  • Statnett Norway
  • UK
  • Advantages of composite poles
  • Composite and fibreglass maintenance
  • Service life of composites and other materials
  • Hardware modifications
  • Modular Poles

21.TYPES OF POLES

  • Other equipment
  • Grounding rod
  • Dead-end (anchor or termination) poles
  • Physical access
  • Construction Classifications

22. POLE SPAN

23. SPACE ALLOCATION ON JOINT USE UTILITY POLES

  • Supply Space
  • Safety Zone Space
  • Communications Space
  • Typical communications cables

24. MANUFACTURERS OF TOWERS AND POLES - STEEL, WOOD, CONCRETE

  • China
  • Lattice tower manufacturers
  • Poles
  • India
  • Towers
  • Poles
  • Malaysia
  • Pacific
  • Australia
  • Poles
  • North America
  • Lattice towers
  • Poles
  • South America
  • Brazil
  • Towers and poles
  • Europe
  • Netherlands
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • Middle East
  • Towers and poles
  • Africa
  • Poles
  • African manufacturers
  • Kenya

25. MANUFACTURERS OF COMPOSITE POLES AND HARDWARE

  • United States
  • Cross arms
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • India
  • China

26. CIRCUIT PHASES AND CONDUCTORS

  • Single circuit
  • Double circuit
  • Multiple conductors
  • Restrictions on multiple use of corridors

27. RIGHTS OF WAY

  • Multiple use of ROWs

28. DANGER TO AND FROM BIRDS

  • Extent of the problem
  • The mechanics of an electrocution
  • Mitigation and prevention of collisions
  • Mitigation and prevention of electrocution
  • METHODOLOGY
  • The installed base and demand
  • The model of the demand cycle
  • Different segments of the tower and pole population
  • Creation of the databases of electricity transmission towers and distribution poles
  • Telephone poles
  • Streetlights
  • Car Parking lights
  • Demand
  • Growth of electricity transmission & distribution line networks, telecoms and streetlighting
  • New installations and replacements

Figures

  • Figure 1: The global population of towers and poles in 2020 by primary user/owner
  • Figure 2: Lattice towers and poles annual sales, units and $ 2019 to 2026
  • Figure 3: Sales of supporters by $ value in 2020 by type
  • Figure 4: The global growth of transmission and telecoms towers from 1950 to 2020.
  • Figure 5: The evolution of transmission line voltage, the first introductions
  • Figure 6: Sales of lattice towers in real 2020 and nominal $
  • Figure 7: Road length and streetlights
  • Figure 8: Demand for poles by function, 2020
  • Figure 9: Demand for poles by pole length, 2020
  • Figure 10: Demand for poles by material, 2020
  • Figure 11: Sales of poles in real 2020 and nominal $
  • Figure 12: Installed base of poles and annual demand in million poles, 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 13: Demand for poles, new and replacement 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 14: New additions and replacements of poles with a 35-year service life, 1900 to 2040
  • Figure 15: The market for lattice towers and poles in the USA, $, 2017
  • Figure 16: Comparison of the footprint of a monopole versus a lattice tower.
  • Figure 17: Peak and Cage of a Transmission Tower
  • Figure 18: Cross Arm and Body of a Transmission Tower
  • Figure 19: 220-kV single-circuit LST
  • Figure 20: 500-kV single-circuit LST
  • Figure 21: 220-kV double-circuit LST
  • Figure 22: 500-kV double-circuit LST
  • Figure 23: The principle of exponential corrosion
  • Figure 24: Road length and streetlights
  • Figure 25: Stock of streetlights in the world 2018 to 2025
  • Figure 26: Comparison of the numbers of motor vehicles and available parking spaces in three of China's largest cities
  • Figure 27: Classification of parking as aces in Japan
  • Figure 28: HE, LE and NE passive safety poles performance in a collision
  • Figure 29: Percentage share of road deaths per road type (2007-2009 average) ranked by the percentage share of road deaths on a rural roads and motorways taken together
  • Figure 30: Outline of potential decay patterns
  • Figure 31: Space allocations on a joint utility pole
  • Figure 32: Supply space on a utility pole
  • Figure 33: Safety Zone Space on a utility pole
  • Figure 34: The Communications Space in a utility pole
  • Figure 35: An example of a single ROW corridor.
  • Figure 36: An example of parallel transmission ROW corridor
  • Figure 37: Typical European right of way cross section, self-supporting tower
  • Figure 38: Typical European right of way cross section, guyed tower
  • Figure 39: Right-of-way comparison for equivalent capacity of 765-kV and 345-kV lines
  • Figure 40: An example of a pole-mounted transformer
  • Figure 41: Installed base of poles and annual demand in million poles, 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 42 Demand for poles, new and replacement 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 43: New additions and replacements of poles with a 35 year service life, 1900 to 2040

Tables

  • Table 1: The functions and types of supporter.
  • Table 2: Sales in 2020 as a % of 2019 sales in units by region
  • Table 3: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by region, 2020
  • Table 4: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 5: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 6: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 7: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 8: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 9: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 10: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 11: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 12: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 13: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 14: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by region, 2020
  • Table 15: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 16: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 17: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 18: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 19: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 20: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 21: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 22: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 23: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 24: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 25: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by region, 2019-26
  • Table 26: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 27: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 28: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 29: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers units by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 30: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 31: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Asia, 2019-26
  • Table 32: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 33: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 34: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 35: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 36: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by region, 2019-26
  • Table 37: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 38: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 39: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 40: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 41: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 42: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Asia,
  • Table 43: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 44: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 45: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 46: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 47: Installed population of poles in units by function and region, 2020
  • Table 48: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 49: Installed population of poles in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 50: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 51: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 52: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 53: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 54: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 55: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 56: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 57: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 58: Installed population of poles in units by function and region, 2020
  • Table 59: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 60: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 61: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 62: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 63: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 64: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 65: Installed population poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 66: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 67: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 68: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 69: Sales of poles in units by function and region, 2020
  • Table 70: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 71: Sales of poles in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 72: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 73: Sales of poles in units by function by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 74: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 75: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 76: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 77: Sales of poles in units by function by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 78: Sales of poles in units by function by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 79: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 80: Sales of poles in units by length and region, 2020
  • Table 81: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 82: Sales of poles in units by length by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 83: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 84: Sales of poles in units by length by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 85: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 86: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 87: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 88: Sales of poles in units by length by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 89: Sales of poles in units by length by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 90: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 91: Sales of poles in units by material and region, 2020
  • Table 92: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 93: Sales of poles in units by material by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 94: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 95: Sales of poles in units by material by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 96: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 97: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 98: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 99: Sales of poles in units by material by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 100: Sales of poles in units by material by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 101: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 102: Sales of poles in units by region, 2019-26
  • Table 103: Sales of poles in units by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 103: Sales of poles in units by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 104: Sales of poles in units by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 105: Sales of poles in units by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 106: Sales of in units by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 107: Sales of poles in units by country, Asia, 2019-26
  • Table 108: Sales of poles in units by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 109: Sales of poles in units by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 110: Sales of poles in units by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 111: Sales of poles in units by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 112: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function and region, 2020
  • Table 113: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 114: Sales of poles in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 115: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 116: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 117: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 118: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 119: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 120: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 121: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 122: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 123: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length and region, 2020
  • Table 124: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 125: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 126: Sales of poles in nominal $by length by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 127: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 128: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 129: Sales of poles in nominal $by length by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 130: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 131: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 132: Sales of poles in units by length by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 133: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 134: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material and region, 2020
  • Table 135: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 136: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 137: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 138: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 139: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 140: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 141: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 142: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 143: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 144: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 145: Sales of poles in nominal $ by region, 2019-26
  • Table 146: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 147: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 148: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 149: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 150: Sales of in nominal $ by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 151: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Asia, 2019-26
  • Table 152: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 153: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 154: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 155: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 157: Description and cost of repairs
  • Table 158: Road length and streetlights
  • Table 159: Installed stock of streetlights in the world 2018 to 2025
  • Table 160: Installed base of lighting poles in parking lots by major countries, 2020
  • Table 161: Installed base of lighting poles in parking lots in Europe, 2020
  • Table 162: Annual new and replacement sales of poles for parking lots
  • Table 158: Manufacturers of Towers, with production capacity
  • Table 164: Estimates of the annual number of collision victims with above ground transmission lines (excluding distribution lines) for three different countries.
  • Table 165: The size of large raptors