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市場調查報告書

輸電塔、電線桿的全球市場

Towers and Poles Report Ed 7 2019

出版商 StatPlan Energy Limited 商品編碼 318493
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 253 pages, 116 figures and 89 tables
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輸電塔、電線桿的全球市場 Towers and Poles Report Ed 7 2019
出版日期: 2019年01月02日內容資訊: 英文 253 pages, 116 figures and 89 tables
簡介

本報告提供全球供電用鐵柱及電線桿的市場相關分析,目前市場規模 (裝置率,需求規模等) ,及未來市場趨勢預測 (今後7年份),長期性的需求循環,各地區、各材料、各用途詳細趨勢,設計上的特徵,相關市場 (整備服務等)的趨勢,對環境的影響 (Bird strike等),主要製造商的簡介等調查。

摘要整理

第1部分:輸電塔和電線桿

第1章 輸電塔、電線桿的裝置率

  • 全球輸電塔、電線桿的裝置率
  • 北美
  • 歐洲
  • 獨立國協(CIS)各國
  • 中東
  • 北非
  • 撒哈拉以南非洲
  • 亞洲
  • 太平洋地區
  • 南美、加勒比海地區 (LAC)
  • 南美
  • 中美、加勒比海地區

第2章 輸電塔市場

  • 全球的輸電塔需求
  • 北美
  • 歐洲
  • 獨立國協(CIS)各國
  • 中東
  • 非洲
  • 亞太地區
  • 南美、加勒比海地區 (LAC)

第3章 輸電塔、電線桿的長期性的需求週期

  • 供電線網路的擴大率

第4章 電線桿的形狀:單極型 vs. 格架塔式

  • 美國
  • 歐洲
    • 荷蘭
    • 北歐各國 (丹麥,冰島,芬蘭)
    • 法國
    • 德國
    • 瑞士
    • 英國
    • 義大利
    • 法國
  • 亞太地區
    • 中國
    • 日本、韓國
    • 印度
    • 東南亞國協
    • 蒙古
    • 太平洋各國
    • 澳洲、紐西蘭
  • 南美
  • 中東
  • 成本
  • 必要的空間
  • 電磁場的縮小
  • 地基

第5章 輸電塔的種類

  • 懸吊塔
  • 張力塔
  • 角度塔
  • 終端塔
  • 換位塔
  • 塔的安裝方法
  • 成品/零件運輸方式
  • 零件組裝方式
  • 現場組裝方式
  • 直升機運輸方式

第6章 輸電塔設計的諸要素

第7章 鋼製鐵塔、電線桿的使用年限與整備

  • 使用年限
  • 整備
    • 第一階段:鐵鏽
    • 第2等級:腐蝕
    • 第3等級:大規模的腐蝕
    • 第4等級:崩壞

第8章 輸電塔的設計、比賽

第9章 輸電塔、電線桿的廠商

  • 中國廠商
  • 印度系廠商
  • 其他的亞洲系廠商
  • 中東系廠商
  • 北美、南美系廠商
  • 其他地區的廠商

第2部分:電線桿的裝置率:各國、各電力企業

第10章 電線桿的裝置率:各國、各電力企業

  • 副供電線、配電線用電線桿的電壓等級

第11章 電線桿的裝置率:各國、各材料

第12章 電線桿的數量的增加

第13章 電線桿的需求:以數量為準

  • 電線桿需求:以數量為準
  • 電線桿需求預測 (今後6年份)

第14章 電線桿需求:以金額為準

第15章 價值鏈:從材料到資本財

  • 6級價值鏈

第16章 世界各國的電線桿市場分析 (電力線、電話線)

  • 美國
  • 歐洲
    • 奧地利
    • 賽普勒斯
    • 捷克
    • 芬蘭
    • 法國
    • 德國
    • 希臘
    • 愛爾蘭
    • 荷蘭
    • 挪威
    • 西班牙
    • 瑞典
    • 瑞士
    • 英國
    • 俄羅斯
  • 亞太地區
    • 日本
    • 中國
    • 印度
    • 韓國
    • 新加坡、澳門
    • 澳洲
  • 中東
    • 沙烏地阿拉伯
    • 阿拉伯聯合大公國 (UAE)
    • 阿曼
  • 非洲

第17章 路燈

第18章 停車場

  • 美國
  • 歐洲
  • 中國
  • 日本
  • 全球停車場收益
  • 停車場部門的路燈

第19章 被動式安全

第20章 智慧城市、智慧公共事業和路燈

第21章 電線桿用的材料和使用年限

  • 材料
  • 用途
  • 說明
  • 尺寸的分類
  • 木製電線桿
    • 木材防腐劑
    • 由於木材防腐劑的熔析的污染
  • 鐵製電線桿
  • 混凝土製電線桿
  • 複合材料 (玻璃纖維製) 電線桿
  • 處理

第22章 複合材料製電線桿

  • 簡介
  • 美國的複合材料製的電線桿的開發
  • 價格/成本
  • 安全係數
  • 複合材料的原料和生產工程
  • 纏繞成型
  • 抽屜成型
  • 複合材料的檢驗
  • 北歐各國的複合材料利用的嘗試
  • 複合材料電線桿的優點
  • 複合材料、玻璃纖維的整備
  • 複合材料、其他的材料的使用年限
  • 硬體設備的調整
  • 模組型電線桿
  • 複合材料電線桿、硬體設備的廠商
    • 美國等
  • 桁架
    • 歐洲、中東、印度、中國等

第23章 複合材料製電線桿、硬體設備的廠商

  • 美國
  • 歐洲
  • 中東
  • 印度
  • 中國

第24章 電線桿的種類

  • 其他的設備
  • 接地棒
  • 錨柱
  • 實體取用
  • 建造方法的分類

第25章 電線桿的間隔

第26章 多目的電線桿的使用空間的分配

  • 電力供給用空間
  • 安全範圍的空間
  • 通訊用空間

第27章 木製、鋼鐵製、鋁製、混凝土製電線桿的廠商

  • 北美系廠商
  • 歐洲廠商
  • 中東系廠商
  • 非洲系廠商
  • 印度系廠商

第28章 電路的相位與傳導體

  • 單相電路
  • 複式相電路
  • 多導體
  • 對電路的複數利用的限制

第29章 鐵塔、電線桿的使用權 (ROW: Rights of Way)

  • 鐵塔、電線桿的各種用途

第30章 對鳥/來自鳥的危險性

  • 問題的大小
  • 觸電死亡的機制
  • 碰撞的緩和、防止策略
  • 觸電死亡的緩和、防止策略

分析方法

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目錄

Over 450,000 HV lattice towers & monopoles and 63 million utility poles were sold in 2018 for electricity transmission and distribution, telephone lines and street lighting. This report analyses the geographical distribution of the tower and pole fleet, utility services carried, materials - wood/steel/concrete/composite, the princi-pal vendors, with coverage of many other industry and market issues.

The installed base of towers and poles in base year 2018 is analysed by:

  • Towers & Monopoles - by country
  • Utility poles - by country and utility (electricity distribution, telephone, street lighting)
  • Utility poles - by country and material (wood, concrete, steel/aluminium, composite)
  • Sales of Towers and Poles from 2018 forecast to 2025, in units and $ value by country.
  • National market commentary for Utility Poles- Market commentary on installed bases and de-mand for utility poles in selected countries, with information on numbers and type of pole.
  • The March of the Monopoles - a growing trend from lattice transmission towers to monopoles is analysed with country reviews.
  • 1.35 million Utility Poles analysed by country, material and ownership.
  • Street Lighting - 348,000 street and parking lights in a vigorous market driven by the conversion to high efficiency LEDs, urbanisation and passive safety.
  • Materials are changing - wood remains popular, but a growing market for steel, concrete and composite poles is analysed.
  • Passive safety regulation is having a significant impact on some markets - analysis of countries, legislation, the technologies and types of passive safety pole, road seg-ments affected.
  • Composite Poles industry, market development and production technology, with profiles of the main producers.
  • The smart city and Street Lighting - efficiency, LEDs and the pole market.
  • Parking is an urban priority and escalating population density puts pressure on demand for space. A small market for lighting poles to date but growing..........
  • Competitive Landscape - 102 companies listed
    • Tower and Monopole vendors, production capacity and market shares. The top 34 manufacturers are listed with shares of production - FWT, Falcon, Jyoti Americas, Sabre Industries, Valmont, Locweld, Fabrimet, Comemsa, Formet, Sistemex, SAE Towers (KEC), Brametal, Icomemsa, KEC, Jyoti, Kal-peteru, Bajaj Electrical Ltd, Transrail Lighting Limited, Skipper Ltd, Europoles, Mitas, Al-Babtain, Zamil, Al-Yamamah Steel Industry, Metro Smart International, Daji, Qingdao Wuxiao, Guangdong Disheng, Shandong Huan, Jiangsu Gushua, Shandong Qixing Iron Tower, Jiangsu Xiadu, Qingdao Megatro, Qingdao Baode, Qingdao Sinostra, Jelian, Qingdao Lutai, Jiangsu Rosheng, HEBAI Tang Yang, Jiang-su Hongguang.....and the leaders profiled.
    • Utility Pole vendors - 36 wood/steel/concrete poles - 32 composite poles.........Valmont, Falcon, Europole, Mercur Induo Systemholztechnik GmbH, Brametal, Nanjing Daji Steel Tower, Qingdao Wu-xiao, Guangdong Disheng, Shandong Huan, Jiangsu Gushua, Shandong Qixing Iron Tower, Jiangsu Xiadu, KEC, Bajaj Electrical, Kalpetaru Power Transmission Ltd, Al-Babtain, Al-Yamamah, Metro Smart International, SA, Shakespeare Composite Structures, Strongwell, RS Technologies, Powertru-sion, Duratel ......and the leaders profiled.
  • Long term demand cycle for Towers - The long term demand cycle is charted for new additions and replacements since 1900 and forecast to 2050.
  • Types of Lattice Tower - Lattice towers are designed for different functions and stresses and there is wide variation in cost - suspension towers, tension towers, angle suspension towers , dead end towers.
  • Pole materials and service life - Real versus perceived service lie and utility practices.
  • The Margin Stack - The value chain is a continuous process of adding value, cost and margin to a product. Each part which is outsourced to an external supplier means less profit for the principal manufacturer......the missed profits stack up......
  • Joint use of Utility Poles - Joint use by different utilities is a significant factor in the pole market. The protocols for space allocation and standards are outlined.
  • ROW - Rights of Way - A significant cost which can be a serious obstacle in designing networks and specifying equipment. With increasing pressure on space and environmental constraints, ROWs are becoming more scarce and expensive. ROW is a significant driver in the trend to Monopoles.
  • Dangers & mitigation of damage to Towers and Poles by birds - this is not only an issue of animal welfare but also of protecting security of supply.

253 pages, 116 figures and 89 tables.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Part 1

ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION TOWERS AND MONOPOLES

1. INSTALLED BASE OF ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSON TOWERS & MONOPOLES

  • Global installed base of towers and monopoles
  • North America
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Middle East
  • North Africa
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Asia
  • Pacific
  • LAC
  • South America
  • Central America and Caribbean

2. ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION TOWERS MARKET

  • Global demand for towers
  • North America
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Middle East
  • Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • LAC

3. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLES FOR ELECTRICITY TOWERS AND MONOPOLES

  • Growth of transmission line networks

4. MONOPOLES vs. LATTICE TOWERS

  • United States
  • Europe
  • Netherlands
  • Scandinavia
  • Denmark
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Italy
  • France
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • Japan and Korea
  • India
  • ASEAN
  • Mongolia
  • Pacific
  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Latin America
  • South Africa
  • Middle East
  • Cost
  • Space requirements
  • Reduction of the electromagnetic field
  • Foundations

5. TYPES OF TOWER OR PYLONS

  • Suspension tower
  • Tension towers
  • Angle suspension tower
  • Termination or dead end towers, also called tension towers
  • Transposition towers
  • Tower Installation
  • 1. Build-up or piecemeal method.
  • 2. Section method
  • 3. Ground assembly method
  • 4. Helicopter method

6. ELEMENTS OF LATTICE TOWER DESIGN

7. SERVICE LIFE AND MAINTENANCE OF STEEL LATTICE TOWERS AND MONOPOLES

  • Service Life
  • Maintenance
  • Phase 1 - Coffee Stain Rust
  • Phase 2 - Abrasive Rust
  • Phase 3 - Extensive Abrasive Rust
  • Phase 4 - Crash

8. COMPETITIONS FOR TOWER DESIGN

9. MANUFACTURERS OF LATTICE TOWERS AND MONOPOLES

  • Chinese manufacturers
  • Indian manufacturers
  • Other Asian manufacturers
  • Middle East
  • North and South American manufacturers
  • Other regions

Part 2

10. UTILITY POLES INSTALLED BASE BY COUNTRY AND UTILITY

  • Voltage levels of electricity sub-transmission and distribution poles

11. INSTALLED BASE OF POLES BY COUNTRY AND MATERIAL

12. GROWTH OF THE POLE POPULATION

13. DEMAND FOR POLES IN UNITS

  • Demand in numbers of poles
  • Demand for poles 2017 to 2025

14. DEMAND FOR POLES BY VALUE

15. THE VALUE CHAIN - THE MARGIN STACK

  • The value chain at 6 levels

16. NATIONAL MARKETS FOR ELECTRICITY AND TELEPHONE DISTRIBUTION POLES

  • United States
  • The history of utility poles
  • Other materials for utility poles
  • Europe
  • Austria
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom:
  • Russia
  • Asia Pacific
  • Japan
  • China
  • India
  • Korea
  • Singapore and Macau
  • Australia
  • Middle East
  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE
  • Oman
  • Africa

17. STREET LIGHTING

  • The world stock of street lights

18. PARKING

  • United States
  • Europe
  • China
  • Japan
  • Global parking revenues
  • Lighting poles in the parking sector

19. PASSIVE SAFETY

  • Passive safety pole types
  • Safe materials
  • Frangible pole types
  • Breakaway and slip-base poles
  • Impact-absorbing poles
  • High energy absorbing (HE):
  • Low Energy absorbing (LE)
  • Non Energy absorbing (NE)
  • The origins of the passive safety concept
  • Passive Safety in the EU
  • EU National regulations
  • Norway
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • Belgium
  • Netherlands
  • United Kingdom
  • Slovenia
  • United States

20. THE SMART CITY AND SMART UTILITY & STREET LIGHTING

  • The smart city concept
  • Smart street lighting
  • Light Emitting Diodes - LEDs
  • Central management system (CMS)
  • The street lighting market
  • Regional development of smart cities and public lighting
  • Smart street lighting manufacturers

21. POLE MATERIALS AND SERVICE LIFE

  • Materials
  • Use
  • Description
  • Size classification
  • H5 - H1
  • 1-5
  • 6-10
  • Materials
  • Wood
  • Wood preservatives
  • Pollution from wood preservatives - Leaching
  • Steel
  • Concrete
  • Spun and cast concrete poles
  • Composites- fibreglass
  • Disposal
  • Wood poles service life
  • Maintenance
  • Ground line Treatment
  • Internal Treatment
  • Concrete poles service life
  • Steel poles service life
  • Composite poles service life

22. COMPOSITE POLES

  • Introduction
  • Development of composite technology and poles in the US
  • Price/cost
  • Safety factor
  • Materials for composites and the manufacturing processes
  • Filament winding
  • Pultrusion
  • Testing composites
  • Scandinavian trials of composites
  • Advantages of composite poles
  • Composite and fibreglass maintenance
  • Service life of composites and other materials
  • Hardware modifications
  • Modular Poles

23. MANUFACTURERS OF COMPOSITE POLES AND HARDWARE

  • United States
  • Cross arms
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • India
  • China

24. TYPES OF POLES

  • Other equipment
  • Grounding rod
  • Dead-end (anchor or termination) poles
  • Physical access
  • Construction Classifications

25. POLE SPAN

26. SPACE ALLOCATION ON JOINT USE UTILITY POLES

  • Supply Space
  • Safety Zone Space
  • Communications Space

27. MANUFACTURERS OF WOOD, STEEL, ALUMINIUM AND CONCRETE POLES

  • North American manufacturers
  • European manufacturers
  • Netherlands
  • Sweden
  • Italy
  • United Kingdom
  • Middle East
  • South America
  • Brazil
  • African manufacturers
  • Kenya
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • India
  • Indian manufacturers
  • Malaysia
  • Australia

28. CIRCUIT PHASES AND CONDUCTORS

  • Single circuit
  • Double circuit
  • Multiple conductors
  • Restrictions on multiple use of corridors

29. RIGHTS OF WAY

  • Multiple use of ROWs

30. DANGER TO AND FROM BIRDS

  • Extent of the problem
  • The mechanics of an electrocution
  • Mitigation and prevention of collisions
  • Mitigation and prevention of electrocution

METHODOLOGY

  • The installed base and demand
  • The model of the demand cycle
  • Creation of the databases of towers and poles
  • Short term demand forecast
  • Street lights
  • Data collection
  • Validation

Figures

  • Figure 1: Global installed electricity transmission towers, 2017-2025
  • Figure 2: Global installed electricity transmission towers by regions, 2018
  • Figure 3: Regional growth in electricity transmission towers, 2017-2025
  • Figure 4: Installed electricity transmission towers, North America, 2017-2025
  • Figure 5: Installed electricity transmission towers, Europe, 2017-25
  • Figure 6: Installed electricity transmission towers, CIS, 2017-25
  • Figure 7: Installed electricity transmission towers, Middle East, 2017-25
  • Figure 8: Installed electricity transmission towers, North Africa, 2017-25
  • Figure 9: Installed electricity transmission towers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017-25
  • Figure 10: Installed electricity transmission towers, China and India, 2017-25
  • Figure 11: Installed electricity transmission towers, Rest of Asia, 2017-25
  • Figure 12: Installed electricity transmission towers, Pacific, 2017-25
  • Figure 13: Installed electricity transmission towers, South America, 2017-25
  • Figure 14: Installed electricity transmission towers, Central America, 2017-25
  • Figure 15 : World sales of electricity transmission towers, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Figure 16: Sales of electricity transmission towers by regions, nominal $, 2018
  • Figure 17 : The global networks of transmission lines, length in route km 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 18: The evolution of transmission line voltage, the first introductions
  • Figure 19: The long-term demand cycles for towers, 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 20: Annual new and replacement installations of towers, 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 21: The market for lattice towers and poles in the USA, $, 2017
  • Figure 22: European countries installing new EHV monopoles
  • Figure 23: Some new designs being installed in Europe
  • Figure 24: New 400 kV monopole designs in the Netherlands
  • Figure 25: New EHV poles in Scandinavia
  • Figure 26: New 400 kV transmission monopoles in Denmark.
  • Figure 27: Mobile lift maintenance
  • Figure 28: Iceland new 220 kV transmission towers
  • Figure 29: New 400 kV and 275 kV transmission monopoles in the United Kingdom.
  • Figure 30: A camouflaged 400 kV transmission monopole in the United Kingdom
  • Figure 31: Terna and 380 kV monopoles
  • Figure 32: New 380 kV monopole in Dubai
  • Figure 33: Comparison of the footprint of a monopole versus a lattice tower.
  • Figure 34: Reduction of electromagnetic fields and space requirements
  • Figure 35: Economy of foundations
  • Figure 36: Suspension tower, single steel pole
  • Figure 37: Lattice steel suspension tower (L6 used in the United Kingdom)
  • Figure 38: Installation of transmission tower by helicopter
  • Figure 39: Peak and Cage of a Transmission Tower
  • Figure 40: Cross Arm and Body of a Transmission Tower
  • Figure 41: 220-kV single-circuit LST
  • Figure 42: 500-kV single-circuit LST
  • Figure 43: 220-kV double-circuit LST
  • Figure 44: 500-kV double-circuit LST
  • Figure 45: The principle of exponential corrosion
  • Figure 46: Phase 1 - Coffee Stain Rust
  • Figure 47: Phase 2 - Abrasive Rust
  • Figure 48: Phase 3 - Abrasive Rust
  • Figure 49: Phase 3 - The tower falls
  • Figure 50: Dietmar Koering of Arphenotype, competition for Icelandic Electrical Transco/1
  • Figure 51: Dietmar Koering of Arphenotype, competition for Icelandic Electrical Transco/2
  • Figure 52: Dietmar Koering of Arphenotype, competition for Icelandic Electrical Transco/3
  • Figure 53: Y Pylon by Knight Architects competition for National Grid 2012
  • Figure 54: Plexus by Arup for National Grid 2012
  • Figure 55: The Land of Giants, Iceland, Choi & Shine
  • Figure 56: Major countries stock of electricity poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights, 2018
  • Figure 58: Demand for poles; electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights, 1900 to 2015, forecast to 2050
  • Figure 59: Additions and replacements for poles; electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights, 1900 to 2017, forecast to 2050
  • Figure 60: New additions and replacements of poles with a 35 year service life, 1900 to 2040
  • Figure 61: Early poles in the United States
  • Figure 62: The Detroit railroad concrete catenary structure
  • Figure 63: Early use of granite telephone poles in Switzerland
  • Figure 64: Utility pole in Japan
  • Figure 65: A Stobie pole in Australia
  • Figure 66: Road length and street lights
  • Figure 67: Stock of street lights in the world 2018 to 2025
  • Figure 68: Comparison of the numbers of motor vehicles and available parking spaces in three of China's largest cities
  • Figure 69: Classification of parking as aces in Japan
  • Figure 70: A mechanical parking structure
  • Figure 71: 60 mph crash test with 114 mm post
  • Figure 72: Slip-base poles
  • Figure 73:Impact absorbing pole
  • Figure 74: HE, LE and NE passive safety poles performance in a collision
  • Figure 75: Percentage share of road deaths per road type (2007-2009 average) ranked by the percentage share of road deaths on a rural roads and motorways taken together
  • Figure 76: Examples of LED street lighting adoption
  • Figure 77: The top 20 smart cities in performance ranking in 2017
  • Figure 78: The top 20 smart cities in consolidated performance ranking in 2017
  • Figure 79: Smart streel lighting manufacturers
  • Figure 80: Wood joint use pole in the USA
  • Figure 81: Decorative Wood light pole in the USA
  • Figure 82: Decorative Wood light pole by Tehomet in Europe, a Valmont subsidiary
  • Figure 83: Union Metal steel pole installation, 1927 and 2018
  • Figure 84: A Stobie pole in Australia, electricity and street light
  • Figure 85: Outline of potential decay patterns
  • Figure 86 : Decay in a wood utility pole
  • Figure 87: A nest of poles for shipment
  • Figure 88: Double-circuit, 138-kV line on wood structures
  • Figure 89: Double-circuit, 138-kV line on galvanized steel poles
  • Figure 90: Single-circuit 138-kV line on weathering steel
  • Figure 91: H-frame wood structure
  • Figure 92: Lines in Bolivia (left) have considerably longer span than lines in Laos (right)
  • Figure 93: Space allocations on a joint utility pole
  • Figure 94: Supply space on a utility pole
  • Figure 95: Safety Zone Space on a utility pole
  • Figure 96: The Communications Space in a utility pole
  • Figure 97: Tower for single circuit, three phase system (three conductors)
  • Figure 98: Tower for double circuit, three phase system (six conductors)
  • Figure 99: Tower for multiple circuits, three phase system (twelve conductors)
  • Figure 100: Multiple lines, lattice towers and monopoles in same corridor
  • Figure 101: A distribution line right of way
  • Figure 102: A wetland-scrub/shrub-dominated community the first year after a mow.
  • Figure 103: A grass-dominated community in an agricultural matrix the first year after a mow.
  • Figure 104: An example of a single ROW corridor.
  • Figure 105: An example of parallel transmission ROW corridor
  • Figure 106 : Typical European right of way cross section, self-supporting tower
  • Figure 107: Typical European right of way cross section, guyed tower
  • Figure 108: Right-of-way comparison for equivalent capacity of 765-kV and 345-kV lines
  • Figure 109: Blue crane electrocuted in South Africa
  • Figure 110: White storks in their nest on a utility pole in Vladeni in Romania
  • Figure 111: An example of a pole-mounted transformer
  • Figure 112: Distribution pole with symmetric chevron (arrow) on top as bird exclusion device
  • Figure 113 : Dedicated nesting pole next to distribution pole with bird exclusion device
  • Figure 114: Additions and replacements from 1945 to 1950
  • Figure 115: Additions and replacements from 1900 to 1950
  • Figure 116: Comparison of the installed base and annual demand for towers, 1900 to 2050

Tables

  • Table 1: Global installed electricity transmission towers, by region, 2017-2025
  • Table 2: Installed electricity transmission towers, North America, 2017-25
  • Table 3: Installed electricity transmission towers, Europe, 2017-2025
  • Table 4: Installed electricity transmission towers, CIS, 2017-25
  • Table 5: Installed electricity transmission towers, Middle East, 2017-25
  • Table 6: Installed electricity transmission towers, North Africa, 2017-25
  • Table 7: Installed electricity transmission towers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017-22
  • Table 8: Installed electricity transmission towers, Asia, 2017-22
  • Table 9: Installed electricity transmission towers, Pacific, 2017-25
  • Table 10: Installed electricity transmission towers, South America, 2017-25
  • Table 11: Installed electricity transmission towers, Central America, 2017-25
  • Table 12: Sales of electricity transmission towers by regions, nominal $, 2018
  • Table 13: Sales of electricity transmission towers, North America, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 14: Sales of electricity transmission towers, Europe, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 15: Sales of electricity transmission towers, CIS, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 16: Sales of electricity transmission towers, Middle East, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 17: Sales of electricity transmission towers, North Africa, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 18: Sales of electricity transmission towers, Sub-Saharan Africa, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 19: Sales of electricity transmission towers, Asia, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 20: Sales of electricity transmission towers, Pacific, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 21: Sales of electricity transmission towers, South America, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 22: Sales of electricity transmission towers, Central America, nominal $, 2018-2025
  • Table 23: Description and cost of repairs
  • Table 24: Manufacturers of steel towers and poles, by share of production capacity
  • Table 25: Numbers of electricity poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights, 2018
  • Table 26: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in North America, 2018
  • Table 27: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Europe, 2018
  • Table 28: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in CIS, 2018
  • Table 29: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in the Middle East, 2018
  • Table 30: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in North Africa, 2018
  • Table 31: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018
  • Table 32: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Asia, 2018
  • Table 33: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Pacific, 2018
  • Table 34: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in South America, 2018
  • Table 35: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Central America, 2018
  • Table 36: Numbers of electricity poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by material, 2018
  • Table 37: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in North America by material, 2018
  • Table 38: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Europe by material, 2018
  • Table 39: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in CIS by material, 2018
  • Table 40: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in the Middle East by material, 2018
  • Table 41: Electricity, telephone poles and street lights in North Africa by material, 2018
  • Table 42: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights S-Saharan Africa by material, 2018
  • Table 43: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Asia by material, 2018
  • Table 44: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in the Pacific by material, 2018
  • Table 45: Electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in South America by material, 2018
  • Table 46: Electricity, telephone poles, street & parking lights in Central America by material, 2018
  • Table 47: Installed base of electricity poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 48: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in North America, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 49: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Europe, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 50: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in CIS, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 51: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in the Middle East, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 52: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in North Africa, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 53: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street & parking lights, S-S Africa, 2017 - 25
  • Table 54: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Asia, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 55: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights in Pacific, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 56: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights, South America, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 57: Installed base of electricity, telephone poles, street and parking lights, Central America, 2017 - 2025
  • Table 58: New additions and replacements of poles with a 35 year service life, 1900 to 2040
  • Table 59: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by region, 2017-2025
  • Table 60: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, North America, 2017-2022
  • Table 61: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, Europe, 2017-2025
  • Table 62: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, CIS, 2017-2025
  • Table 63: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, Middle East, 2017-2025
  • Table 64: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, North Africa, 2017-2025
  • Table 65: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017-2025
  • Table 66: Demand for poles electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, Asia, 2017-2025
  • Table 67: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, Pacific, 2017-2025
  • Table 68: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, South America, 2017-2025
  • Table 69: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country, Central America, 2017-2025
  • Table 70: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by region in nominal $ value, 2018-2025
  • Table 71: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country nominal $ value, North America, 2018-2025
  • Table 72: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country nominal $ value, Europe, 2018-2025
  • Table 73: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, CIS, 2018-2025
  • Table 74: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, Middle East, 2018-2025
  • Table 75: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, North Africa, 2018-2025
  • Table 76: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017-2022
  • Table 77: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, Asia, 2018-2025
  • Table 78: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, Pacific, 2018-2025
  • Table 79: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, South America, 2018-2025
  • Table 80: Demand for electricity MV/LV poles, telephone poles, street and parking lights by country in nominal $ value, Central America, 2018-2025
  • Table 81: Costs and mark-up from Bill of Materials to Capex
  • Table 82: Road length and street lights
  • Table 83: Installed stock of street lights in the world 2018 to 2025
  • Table 84: Installed base of lighting poles in parking lots by major countries, 2017
  • Table 85: Installed base of lighting poles in parking lots in Europe, 2017
  • Table 86: Annual new and replacement sales of poles for parking lots
  • Table 87: Estimates of the annual number of collision victims with above ground transmission lines (excluding distribution lines) for three different countries.
  • Table 88: The size of large raptors
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