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市場調查報告書
商品編碼
1034315

全球高壓電纜和超高壓電纜市場:2021(第二版)

World Markets for HV and EHV Cable Ed 2 2021

出版日期: | 出版商: StatPlan Energy Limited | 英文 201 Pages | 訂單完成後即時交付

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

本報告提供了全球超高壓和高壓電纜(地下和海底)的當前使用情況、消耗量以及未來供需情況。

市場預測:2021-2026年超高壓/高壓地下電纜/海底電纜(單位:公里,金額:美元)

目標:162個國家的陸基輸配電網絡,全球海底光纜

按5個電壓組分析:

EHV EHV HV MV LV
320kV 或更高 220 <320kV 33/35 <220kV 1 <35kV 小於1000V

目錄

執行摘要

第一章高壓電纜劃分的定義

  • 海底電纜
  • 地下電纜
  • HV 的定義
  • 陸基電源電壓
  • 海上電纜
  • 高壓直流輸電
  • 暖通空調
  • 電壓定義

第二章高壓電纜底座

  • 海底電纜
  • 陸基 UGC(地下電纜)
  • 歐洲
  • 亞洲
  • 中東
  • 北美
  • 其他領域

第三章超高壓/高壓地下電纜和海底電纜年消耗量

  • 超高壓/高壓電纜消耗(公里)
  • 海底電纜和陸基UGC的電壓共享
  • 區域分析

第四章陸基UGC基礎

  • HV/EHV 陸基 UGC 應用
  • 部分埋葬
  • 世界墓葬規模
  • 區域穿透和線路長度,EHV/HV,MV/LV 地下電纜
  • 配電、中壓/低壓地下電纜
  • 輸電、超高壓/高壓地下電纜
  • 歐洲
  • 網格開發
  • 批准和當地抗議
  • 2020年歐洲電網
  • 超高壓/高壓網絡
  • OHL
  • 用戶生成內容
  • 掩埋中壓/低壓配電的法律要求
  • 架空線和地下電纜故障統計
  • 馬耳他
  • 荷蘭
  • 丹麥
  • 法國
  • 德國
  • 意大利
  • 西班牙
  • 瑞典
  • 瑞士
  • 英國
  • 奧地利
  • 愛爾蘭
  • 歐洲供應商份額
  • 獨聯體
  • 中東
  • 非洲
  • 亞太地區
  • 中國、印度、日本
  • 中國
  • 城市化與中國住房市場
  • 印度
  • 日本
  • 其他亞洲
  • 新加坡
  • 韓國
  • 台灣
  • 香港
  • 馬來西亞
  • 泰國
  • 越南
  • 太平洋地區
  • 澳大利亞
  • 北美
  • 美國
  • 超高壓/高壓輸電地下電纜
  • 中壓/低壓配電地下電纜
  • 美國地下電纜的監管障礙
  • 監管改革
  • 加拿大
  • 墨西哥
  • 拉丁美洲

第 5 章海底電力電纜-項目和市場

  • 陸域之間的水下互聯
  • 海上風電
  • 海上石油/天然氣和海岸電纜供電
  • 海底電力電纜簡史
  • 北海電網--高壓直流樞紐--並網系統
  • 海底光纜項目市場

第6章海上風纜

第7章海上石油/天然氣電力電纜

第8章海上供應管道

第9章超高壓/高壓電纜的種類和技術

  • 3 種類型的 HVC 概述
  • 架空線 (OHL)
  • 陸基高壓電纜/地下電纜
  • 海底/海底電纜
  • 電纜技術等。

第10章地下高壓/超高壓陸地電纜敷設

第 11 章 海底電力電纜與安裝

  • 海底電源線
  • 暖通空調
  • 高壓直流輸電
  • 電纜鋪設
  • 未來的電纜發展

第12章先進技術,超導體

第 13 章 GTW

第 14 章環境問題:陸基系統中的電磁場

第 15 章公司概況和電纜市場份額

  • Prysmian
  • General Cable (Prysmian)
  • Nexans
  • NKT High Voltage Cables
  • Cablel (R) Hellenic Cables
  • JDR
  • TF Kable
  • Southwire
  • Parker Scanrope
  • Leoni
  • Sumitomo
  • Fujikura
  • Hitachi Cable
  • J-Power Systems (JPS)
  • J-Power Systems Saudi Co, (JPS Saudi)
  • LS Cables
  • Iljin Cable
  • Finolex J-Power Systems Private Ltd (FJPS)
  • Zhongtian Technology [ZTT]
  • Ningbao Orient Cable
  • Far East Cable Co Ltd
  • Wanda Group Holdings Co., Ltd
  • Baosheng High Voltage Cable Co. Ltd., BHVC
  • Jiangsu Shangshang Cable Group

第16章 用語集

調查方法

目錄

A comprehensive report on the current usage, consumption, future demand and supply of EHV and HV cable, both underground and subsea, throughout the world .

Current installations of underground and subsea cable - analysed by voltage and by km of cable .

Market forecasts for EHV & HV underground and subsea in km of cable and $ value, 2021 to 2026.

The report is based on two comprehensive surveys of cable length in km by voltage:

  • 1. The land based transmission and distribution networks of 162 countries . The objective is to position EHV and HV cable within the entire network systems from EHV transmission to LV distribution in 2021, analysing each national grid by overhead lines, underground cables, and voltages. The data is derived from a survey of 186 utilities, together with secondary research of national sources.
  • 2. Worldwide subsea cables - land-to-land interconnections, export and array cable for wind farms, power-from-shore cables for oil & gas platforms, analysed by voltage. Based on secondary research of 373 current and proposed subsea power cable systems.

Analysis by five voltage groups:

EHVEHVHVMVLV
≥320 kV220<320 kV33/35<220 kV1<35 kV< 1000 V

The market for HV and EHV cable is changing, on both the supply and demand sides. Suppliers are develop-ing new technology with higher voltage cables and thinner dielectric insulation. On the demand side, regula-tion is being enacted for the new generation of EHV transmission corridors, city networks and environmental hazards. User practices are changing. Maritime grids are being constructed, with large scale offshore substa-tions and HVAC/HVDC converter stations linking multiple arrays of wind turbines. Platforms are moving fur-ther from shore, with longer EHV export cables; wind farms are becoming larger with more turbines of higher capacity, with longer array cables and HV instead of MV. These issues are identified and discussed.

Opportunities for HV land-based underground cable - underground amounts to 17.4% of total network mile-age and 2.4% of the HV networks. Globally, transmission is in a phase of growth and modernisation involving large expenditures. Many national studies have outlined the pros and cons and made recommendations for EHV & HV underground and identified cases for full and partial undergrounding. The report lists these oppor-tunities and relevant national policies which will shape future markets.

Opportunities for HV subsea cable - The current state of the three major subsea cable segments are outlined and future developments flagged; land and island connections, offshore wind power, oil & gas power-from-shore and umbilicals. The report identifies the growth areas including trends from MV cable to HV.

The technologies of HV and EHV underground and subsea cables are outlined; high pressure fluid filled pipe (HPFF), high pressure gas filled pipe (HPGF), self-contained fluid filled (SCFF)/mass impregnated MI, EPR and XLPE dielectric insulated cable. The differences of technology are outlined, with advantages and disadvantages for each type, with historical and present usage trends.

New HV technologies are being commercialised; Superconductors are already well established in medical ro-botics , and are starting to be installed in power transmission applications; GTW - Gas to Wire, is being promoted and the first project is about to take off, converting gas to electricity at the offshore platform site and trans-porting it to land grid via offshore wind export cables, using surplus capacity. Manufacturers are pushing the boundaries to develop thinner cables and higher voltages for EHV and HV dielectric cables.

Company profiles of key HV and EHV cable players.

  • Prysmian
  • General Cable (Prysmian)
  • Nexans
  • NKT High Voltage Cables
  • Cablel® Hellenic Cables
  • JDR
  • Tele-Fonika Kabel S.A
  • Southwire
  • Parker Scanrope
  • Leoni
  • Sumitomo
  • Fujikura
  • Hitachi Cable
  • J-Power
  • Finolex J-Power Systems Private Ltd (FJPS)
  • Furakawa
  • LS Cable
  • Iljin Cable
  • Zhongtian Technology [ZTT]
  • Ningbao Orient Cable
  • Far East Cable Co Ltd
  • Wanda Group Holdings Co Ltd
  • Baosheng High Voltage Cable Co Ltd, BHVC
  • Jiangsu Shangshang Cable Group

Global market shares, European market shares, for land-based UGC and subsea HV and EHV cable

Production of HV and EHV cable is a complex process taking quite a long time and demanding continuous moni-toring. Several of the leading international manufacturers were unwilling to divulge production capacity. We have assessed capacity on a regional basis, from company reports, from actual production and estimated utilisation.

Production of subsea cable is more complicated than for underground cable, requiring longer cable lengths and additional mechanical protection. Subsea cable is ordered as a customised product with longer lead times than underground cable.

Suppliers of subsea cable are outlined. Production capacity is still limited, but new entrants are coming into the market in regions where subsea cable is starting a growth trend.

Rights of Way are critical in deciding between overhead lines and underground cable. Combined with EMF - elec-tromagnetic fields - the issue may not always be clear cut and is subject to increasing regulation. Parts of UGC paths produce higher EMF than overhead aerial lines. These issues are discussed in the report.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Market development
  • The scale of global undergrounding
  • Subsea cable
  • Vendor profiles
  • Vendor shares
  • Production capacity for HV and EHV cable
  • The technology of HV cable
  • EPR
  • XLPE
  • Production constraints
  • Production differences between submarine and underground cables
  • Advanced technology
  • Superconductors
  • GTW Gas to Wire

1. HIGH VOLTAGE CABLE SECTOR DEFINITIONS

  • Subsea cable
  • Underground cable
  • The definition of high voltage
  • Land-based electricity supply voltages
  • Offshore cables
  • High voltage direct current (HVDC)
  • High voltage alternating current (HVAC)
  • Definitions of voltage used in this report

2. THE HIGH VOLTAGE CABLE BASE

  • Subsea cable
  • Land-based underground cable (UGC)
  • Europe
  • Asia
  • Middle East
  • North America
  • Rest of the world

3. ANNUAL CONSUMPTION OF EHV AND HV UNDERGROUND AND SUBSEA CABLE

  • Consumption of EHV & HV cable in km
  • Voltage shares subsea and land based UGC
  • Regional analysis

4. LAND BASED UNDERGROUND CABLE BASE

  • HV/EHV land based underground cable applications
  • Partial undergrounding
  • The scale of global undergrounding
  • Regional penetration and line lengths and of EHV & HV and MV & LV underground cables
  • Distribution, MV & LV underground cable
  • Transmission, EHV & HV underground cable
  • Europe
  • Grid developments
  • Approval and local protest
  • The European transmission grids in 2020
  • EHV and HV Network
  • OHL
  • UGC
  • Legal requirements for undergrounding MV and LV distribution
  • Failure statistics for Overhead Lines and Underground Cables
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Austria
  • Ireland
  • European Vendor shares
  • CIS
  • Middle East
  • Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • China, India and Japan
  • China
  • Urbanisation and the Chinese housing market
  • India
  • Japan
  • Rest of Asia
  • Singapore
  • Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Hong Kong
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Pacific
  • Australia
  • North America
  • United States
  • EHV & HV transmission underground cable
  • MV & LV Distribution underground cable
  • Regulatory barriers to underground cable in the US
  • Regulatory reform
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • Latin America

5. SUBSEA POWER CABLES - PROJECTS AND MARKETS

  • Subsea interconnections between land areas
  • Offshore wind power
  • Offshore oil and gas, power from shore cables
  • A brief history of subsea power cables
  • The North Sea Grid - HVDC Hubs- Grid Connection Systems
  • SUBSEA CABLE PROJECT MARKET

6. OFFSHORE WIND POWER CABLE

  • Offshore wind power market
  • Wind farm cable design
  • Amrumbank West, north-west of Heligoland
  • Alpha Ventus
  • Baltic 1 and 2
  • KEY COUNTRY MARKETS FOR OFFSHORE WIND
  • UK offshore wind power
  • China offshore wind power
  • German offshore wind power
  • Netherlands offshore wind power
  • Belgium offshore wind power
  • Indian offshore wind power
  • United States offshore wind power
  • : Offshore wind projects
  • Floating foundations
  • Floating foundations manufacturers
  • Major off-shore wind power market suppliers

7. OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS POWER CABLE

  • Traditional power supply for offshore oil and gas platforms
  • Norwegian initiative in power supply for oil and gas platforms
  • NKT (ABB)
  • Nexans
  • Prysmian
  • Renewable generators

8. OFFSHORE UMBILICALS

  • The difference between offshore dry tree and subsea wet tree
  • SURF (subsea umbilicals, risers and flowlines)
  • The subsea market
  • Pre-salt & Post-salt reserves

9. THE TYPES AND TECHNOLGIES OF EHV AND HV CABLE

  • OVERVIEW OF THE THREE TYPES OF HVC
  • OVERHEAD LINES (OHL)
  • LAND BASED HV CABLE/UNDERGROUND CABLE
  • SUBSEA OR SUBMARINE CABLES
  • CABLE TECHNOLOGY
  • 1. HPFF - High-Pressure, Fluid-Filled Pipe-Type (Paper Insulated)
  • 2. HPGF - High-Pressure, Gas-Filled Pipe Type Cable (GIL)
  • 3. SCFF - Self-Contained, Fluid-Filled Pipe -Type (Paper Insulated) and Mass Impregnated cables (MI)
  • MI Mass Impregnated cables
  • 4. XLPE - Solid Cable, Cross-Linked Polyethylene Cable & EPR - (ethylene propylene rubber-insulated)
  • EPR
  • XLPE
  • Cross linking
  • Production of MI and XLPE
  • Production differences between submarine and underground cables
  • Pros and cons of Extruded dielectric versus pipe type cable systems
  • Extruded Dielectric Cable Systems
  • HPFF Pipe Type Cable Systems
  • Costs of XLPE versus HPFF systems

10. INSTALLATION OF UNDERGROUND HV & EHV LAND CABLES

  • Ancillary facilities
  • Joint Bays
  • Transition stations
  • Pressurising sources for HPFF systems
  • Right-of-Way construction in an urban zone
  • Right-of-Way construction in a rural zone
  • Trenching and blasting
  • Conduit Assembly for XLPE Construction
  • Transmission capacity

11. SUBMARINE POWER CABLES AND INSTALLATION

  • Submarine power cables
  • HVAC
  • HVDC
  • Cable installation
  • Future cable developments

12. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY, SUPERCONDUCTORS

  • Zero resistance
  • Perfect conductor of electricity
  • Critical temperature
  • HTS vs LTS
  • Conditions required for a material to exhibit superconducting behaviour
  • Current state of development of the SC market
  • AMSC customers
  • The discovery of superconductivity - Technical development
  • Advantages of superconductor cable
  • Higher current-carrying capacity
  • Low impedance
  • Rights-of-way
  • Very low Electro Magnetic Field (EMF)
  • Lower life-costs for the system
  • Challenges to be overcome
  • High initial cost
  • Cryogenic Refrigeration System (CRS)
  • Splicing of the HTS cable
  • Promoters
  • Future market for HTS superconductors in utilities

13. GAS TO WIRE

14. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES -ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS IN LAND BASED SYTSTEMS

15. COMPANY PROFILES AND CABLE MARKET SHARES

  • Prysmian
  • General Cable (Prysmian)
  • Nexans
  • NKT High Voltage Cables
  • Cablel® Hellenic Cables
  • JDR
  • TF Kable
  • Southwire
  • Parker Scanrope
  • Leoni
  • Asian companies in the European market
  • Japanese manufacturers of HVC
  • Sumitomo
  • Fujikura
  • Hitachi Cable
  • J-Power Systems (JPS)
  • J-Power Systems Saudi Co, (JPS Saudi),
  • LS Cables
  • Iljin Cable
  • Finolex J-Power Systems Private Ltd (FJPS)
  • Chinese manufacturers of HVC
  • Zhongtian Technology [ZTT]
  • Ningbao Orient Cable
  • Far East Cable Co Ltd
  • Wanda Group Holdings Co., Ltd,
  • Baosheng High Voltage Cable Co. Ltd., BHVC
  • Jiangsu Shangshang Cable Group
  • Production capacity for HV and EHV cable
  • Vendor shares
  • SUBSEA CABLE MANUFACTURERS
  • Vendor shares

16. GLOSSARY

METHODOLOGY

  • 1. The existing electrical transmission infrastructure
  • Land based underground cable
  • Subsea cable
  • 2. To estimate present and future demand for HV and EHV cable by cable type and voltage.
  • 3. To survey current production capacity with competitive analysis of cable producers.
  • 4. To survey the development and current status of the technologies of HV cable and future developments.
  • 5. To assess market factors which will influence future directions.

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Global annual demand for EHV, HV and MV ≥ 35 kV cable for subsea and UGC land lines in km, 2021 to 2026.
  • Figure 2: Voltage analysis and land cable
  • Figure 3: Global lengths of HV & EHV transmission and MV & LV distribution overhead lines and underground cables, circuit km, 2020.
  • Figure 4: Global penetration of underground cable by voltage, 2020
  • Figure 5: Regional penetration of EHV & HV and MV & LV underground cables
  • Figure 6: Major countries with OHL and UGC, circuit km
  • Figure 7: Comparison between capacity of an OHL and corresponding UGL.
  • Figure 8: Proposed refitting of 400 kV towers
  • Figure 9: Inland VSC-HVDC power transmission corridors of Germany
  • Figure 10: DC interconnector between France and Spain,
  • Figure 11: The completed cable tunnel shows two ±320-kV DC cable circuits and grooved rails for robotic vehicle access
  • Figure 12: A robotic vehicle guided by grooved rails is used for all cable tunnel maintenance work.
  • Figure 13: The 4.2 metre tunnel boring machine
  • Figure 14: Length of OHL and UGC in European countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 15: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in European countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 16: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in European countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 17: Length of OHL and UGC in CIS countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 18: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in CIS countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 19: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in CIS countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 20: Length of OHL and UGC in Middle Eastern countries by km, 2018
  • Figure 21: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Middle Eastern countries by km, 2018
  • Figure 22: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Middle Eastern countries by km, 2018
  • Figure 23: Length of OHL and UGC in African countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 24: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in African countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 25: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in African countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 26: Length of OHL and UGC in China, India and Japan by km, 2020
  • Figure 27: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in China, India and Japan by km, 2018
  • Figure 28: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in China, India and Japan by km, 2020
  • Figure 29: Chinese overhead line and underground cable shares, km , 2018
  • Figure 30: Ghost cities in China
  • Figure 31: Tepco underground tunnel for HV cable
  • Figure 32: Overhead distribution lines in urban Japan
  • Figure 33: Lattice towers in urban Japan
  • Figure 34: Length of OHL and UGC in Rest of Asia by km, 2020
  • Figure 35: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Rest of Asia by km, 20
  • Figure 36: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Rest of Asia by km, 2020
  • Figure 37: The electricity tunnels 60 to 80 metres in Singapore
  • Figure 38: Overhead distribution lines in Bangkok
  • Figure 39: A nest of OH lines in Ho Chi Minh City
  • Figure 40: Length of OHL and UGC in Pacific countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 41: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Pacific countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 42: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Pacific by km, 2020
  • Figure 43: Length of OHL and UGC in North American countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 44: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in North American countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 45: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in North American countries by km, 2020
  • Figure 46: Value chain of subsea interconnections
  • Figure 47: Cable system of a wind farm
  • Figure 49: HVDC subsea cables in the world in 2015
  • Figure 50: Belgium's first zone for offshore wind power.
  • Figure 51: Meshed connections to the North Sea Grid
  • Figure 52: Annual subsea demand cable km by segment, 2021 to 2026
  • Figure 53: Anchored and floating foundations
  • Figure 54: An offshore oil and gas platform with power generator
  • Figure 55: A subsea SURF scape
  • Figure 56: Composition of a subsea umbilical
  • Figure 57: Cross-section of a subsea umbilical - Prysmian
  • Figure 58: Cross-section of a subsea umbilical - Aker
  • Figure 59: Developments in umbilicals
  • Figure 60: SURF use of cables
  • Figure 61: Subsea tree awards
  • Figure 62: An ACSR cable and its application
  • Figure 63: HPFF or HPGF Pipe-Type Cross Section
  • Figure 64: GIL cable cross section
  • Figure 65: GIL cable installation
  • Figure 66: Comparative ratings of paper insulated HPFF and single-core self-contained fluid filled cables (SCFF)
  • Figure 67: 600 kV HVDC mass impregnated submarine able
  • Figure 68: XLPE AC cable construction
  • Figure 69: XLPE cables at different voltages
  • Figure 70: Vault construction in an urban location for a 345 kV XLPE cable
  • Figure 71: Transition station for 400 kV overhead lines
  • Figure 72: A single AC 400 kV system carrying 1,250 MVA
  • Figure 73: Two double AC 400 kV circuits carrying 5,000 MVA in total
  • Figure 74: Examples of trench construction, urban and rural
  • Figure 75: Examples of XLPE conduit assembly
  • Figure 76: Submarine power cable composition
  • Figure 77: Cable size
  • Figure 78: Cable laying vessels
  • Figure 79: Cable Laying - 1
  • Figure 80: Cable Laying - 2
  • Figure 81: Cable laying - 3
  • Figure 82: Cable burial
  • Figure 83: Landing a submarine cable.
  • Figure 84: The differences in behaviour between LTS and HTS materials
  • Figure 85: Superconductor cable
  • Figure 86: GTW development Options
  • Figure 87: The overall concept of GTW
  • Figure 88: Comparison of OHL and UGC

TABLES

  • Table 1: Voltage groups in IEC and ANSI
  • Table 2: Voltage groups used in this report
  • Table 3: Cumulative installed bases of underground and subsea cable, circuit km, 2020
  • Table 4: Cumulative installed bases of land based underground cable by region and voltage, circuit km, 2020
  • Table 5: Global annual demand for EHV and HV and MV ≥ 35 kV cable length in km, 2021 to 2026.
  • Table 6: Annual demand for EHV and HV and MV ≥ 35kV cable length in km by country, 2021 to 2026.
  • Table 7: Annual demand for EHV and HV and MV ≥ 35 kV cable in km by voltage, 2021 to 2026.
  • Table 8: Sales at manufacturer's cost of EHV and EHV cable, 2019 to 2025
  • Table 9: Voltage shares subsea and land based UGC, 2021 to 2026
  • Table 10: Regional analysis of installed bases of EHV and HV cable, subsea and UGC and consumption
  • Table 11: Global lengths of overhead transmission and distribution lines and underground cables and global shares by region, 2020
  • Table 12: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in European countries by km, 2020
  • Table 13: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, Europe by country, 2020
  • Table 14: Vendor shares for HV and EHV cable in Europe
  • Table 15: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in CIS countries by km, 2020
  • Table 16: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, CIS by country, 2020
  • Table 17: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in Middle Eastern countries by km, 2018
  • Table 18: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, Middle East by country, 2018
  • Table 19: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in African countries by km, 2020
  • Table 20: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, Africa by country, 2020
  • Table 21: Cost comparisons in India between overhead, underground and aerial bunched cables
  • Table 22: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in All Asia by km, 2020
  • Table 23: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, All Asia by country, 2020
  • Table 24: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in Pacific countries by km, 2020
  • Table 25: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, Pacific by country, 2020
  • Table 26: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in North American countries by km, 2020
  • Table 27: Underground cable by voltage and line length in km, North America by country, 2020
  • Table 28: Length of OHL and UGC in LAC countries by km, 2018
  • Table 29: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in LAC countries by km, 2018
  • Table 30: Subsea installations, Land-to-land interconnections and Power from shore, completed worldwide
  • Table 31: List of countries by cumulative installed offshore wind power capacity (MW), 2016-2020
  • Table 32: The largest proposed wind farms currently listed (August 2019)
  • Table 33: Cost summary of XLPE versus HPFF installation
  • Table 34: Installed superconductors
  • Table 35: Superconductor manufacturers
  • Table 36: Some AMSC customers
  • Table 37: Manufacturers of subsea power cable and communications cable
  • Table 38: Global vendor shares , land-based UGC and Subsea power cable