表紙
市場調查報告書

金屬層積造型 (AM) 的後加工的策略評估

Strategic Assessment of Post-Processing in Metal Additive Manufacturing

出版商 SmarTech Analysis 商品編碼 908189
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 70 Pages
訂單完成後即時交付
價格
Back to Top
金屬層積造型 (AM) 的後加工的策略評估 Strategic Assessment of Post-Processing in Metal Additive Manufacturing
出版日期: 2019年08月16日內容資訊: 英文 70 Pages
簡介

本報告提供層積造型 (AM) 技術相關的一般後加工次序的相關調查,技術相關的課題,成本相關檢討事項,OEM、服務供應商,案例研究、研究趨勢,在整體工作流程中大幅影響後加工次序的設計,及未來趨勢等相關分析。

第1章 簡介

第2章 後加工金屬零件的課題

  • 粉末消除
  • 粉末回收
  • 零件消除
  • 洗滌/脫脂
  • 熱感後加工
  • 加工
  • 表面處理

第3章 後加工金屬AM零件的成本討論事項

  • 相關的成本促進因素:各印表機技術
  • 相關的成本促進因素:各流程
  • 隱藏費用
  • 總成本
  • 一般的合金比較

第4章 後加工OEM及服務供應商

  • 後加工設備的OEM
  • 後加工服務供應商
  • 摘要

第5章 後加工的最小化、最佳化的設計上檢討事項

  • 粉末消除
  • 支援結構
  • 新人教育
  • 內部道路
  • 熱感處理
  • 表面加工
  • 加工
  • 軟體

第6章 案例研究、研究

第7章 未來趨勢

  • 端到端的解決方案、自動化
  • 資料最佳化、工業IoT
  • 軟體解決方案
  • 標準、規定

關於SmarTech的分析師

目錄
Product Code: SMP-AM-PPM-0819

Post-processing of metal 3D-printed parts is a broad category and has long been considered the most time-intensive part of the additive manufacturing workflow. It is often more expensive and time consuming than the printing process itself. It is, in one form or another, a given in metal additive manufacturing. There are various techniques that are used to improve the mechanical properties and appearance of parts, and these will vary widely between various printing technologies, equipment, and applications. But it is especially significant for serial production and highly critical applications. Ultimately, the workflow must be designed to meet all the requirements of the finished parts, both aesthetic and mechanical.

In this report, we look at the common post-processing steps, what they can achieve, and the challenges observed. We will discuss the relative cost considerations to keep in mind as well as costs that often go unaccounted for in the workflow. We will discuss many of the OEMs and service providers that are active in this space, as well as some specific case studies and research that has been recently conducted. And, often forgotten, we will discuss some of the critical considerations in the design stage that can greatly influence the post-processing stage in the overall workflow. We finish with a discussion on the future trends, to include end-to-end solutions and automation, data optimization, software solutions, and the current state of standards and regulations as they pertain to post-processing.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction

Chapter Two: Challenges in Post-Processing Metal Parts

  • 2.1. Powder Removal
  • 2.2. Powder Recycling
  • 2.3. Part Removal
  • 2.4. Support Removal
    • 2.4.1. Support Removal with Powder Bed Fusion
    • 2.4.2. Support Removal with Material Extrusion Systems
  • 2.5. Washing / De-Binding
  • 2.6. Thermal Post-Processing
    • 2.6.1. Sintering
    • 2.6.2. Infiltration and Impregnation
    • 2.6.3. Heat Treatment
    • 2.6.4. Solution Treatment Aging (STA)/Age Hardening
    • 2.6.5. Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP)
  • 2.7. Machining
  • 2.8. Surface Finishing
    • 2.8.1. Contact Surface Finishing
      • 2.8.1.1. Sand Blasting and Shot Peening
      • 2.8.1.2. Centrifugal Disc Finishing (CDF)
      • 2.8.1.3. Centrifugal Barrel Finishing (CBF)
      • 2.8.1.4. Reverse Drag Finishing (RDF)
    • 2.8.2. Laser Surface Finishing
      • 2.8.2.1. Benefits of Laser Surface Finishing
      • 2.8.1.2. Limitations of Laser Surface Finishing
      • 2.8.1.3. Laser Surface Finishing Methods
    • 2.8.3. Electron Beam Polishing
    • 2.8.4. Electropolishing and Electrochemical Machining (ECM)
    • 2.8.5. Chemical Polishing
    • 2.8.6. Chemically Accelerated Vibratory Finishing
    • 2.8.7. Abrasive Flow Machining

Chapter Three: Cost Considerations for Post-Processing Metal AM Parts

  • 3.1. Relative Cost Drivers by Printer Technology
  • 3.2. Relative Cost Drivers by Process
    • 3.2.1. Part Separation and Support Removal
    • 3.2.2. Heat Treatment, HIP and Precipitation Hardening
    • 3.2.3. Surface Finishing
  • 3.3. Hidden Costs
    • 3.3.1. Underestimation of Surface Finish Time
    • 3.3.2. Inadequate Tools for Interior Finishing
    • 3.3.3. Tolerance Issues
    • 3.3.4. Process Knowledge
    • 3.3.5. Skills Gap
    • 3.3.6. Powder Recycling
  • 3.4. Comprehensive Costs
  • 3.5. A Comparison Across Common Alloys

Chapter Four: Post-processing OEMs and Service Providers

  • 4.1. Post-processing Equipment OEMs
    • 4.1.1. Powder Removal / Recycling
    • 4.1.2. Thermal Treatment / HIP
    • 4.1.3. Surface Finishing
      • 4.1.6.1. Laser Surface Finishing
      • 4.1.6.2. Electron Beam Polishing
      • 4.1.6.3. Electropolishing
      • 4.1.3.4. Electro-chemical Finishing
      • 4.1.3.5. Combined Systems
    • 4.1.4. Hybrid Machining
    • 4.1.5. Sintering and Debinding
    • 4.1.6. Integrated Systems
  • 4.2. Post-processing Service Providers
  • 4.3. Summary

Chapter Five: Design Considerations to Minimize and Optimize Post-Processing

  • 5.1. Powder Removal
  • 5.2. Support Structures
  • 5.3. Orientation
  • 5.4. Internal Passages
  • 5.5. Thermal Processing
  • 5.6. Surface Finishing
  • 5.7. Machining
  • 5.8. Software

Chapter Six: Case Studies and Research

  • 6.1. Chemically Accelerated Vibratory Finishing
  • 6.2. Electropolishing and Chemical Polishing
  • 6.3. Magneto-Rheological Fluid Finishing of Copper
  • 6.4. Laser Polishing of a Superalloy
  • 6.5. Abrasive Flow Machining
  • 6.6. Heat Treatment of Ti6Al4V
  • 6.7. Heat Treatment of AlSi10Mg
  • 6.8. The Effects of Heat Treatment on the Quasi-Static Behavior and Porosity of SLM Produced Inconel 718
  • 6.9. Cracking During Thermal Treatment of PBF- Printed CM247LC Nickel Superalloy
  • 6.10. Surface Finishing of PBF Parts by AFM and Electrochemical Machining in Tandem

Chapter Seven: Future Trends

  • 7.1. End-to-End Solutions and Automation
  • 7.2. Data Optimization and Industrial IoT
  • 7.3. Software Solutions
  • 7.4. Standards and Regulations

About SmarTech Analysis

  • About the Analyst
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 2-1: Common Variants in Macro Polishing and Micro Polishing by Laser
  • Exhibit 2-2: Advantages of the Various AFM Classifications
  • Exhibit 3-1: Common Heat Treatments for Frequently Used Alloys in Metal AM
  • Exhibit 4-1: Selected Post-processing Equipment and Service Providers
Back to Top