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定向能源累積 (DED) 方式金屬層積造型的後加工

Post-Processing for Directed Energy Deposition Metal Additive Manufacturing

出版商 SmarTech Analysis 商品編碼 908188
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 40 Pages
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定向能源累積 (DED) 方式金屬層積造型的後加工 Post-Processing for Directed Energy Deposition Metal Additive Manufacturing
出版日期: 2019年08月16日內容資訊: 英文 40 Pages
簡介

本報告提供定向能源累積 (DED) 方式的層積造型 (AM) 技術相關後加工次序的相關調查,在技術相關的課題,成本相關檢討事項,OEM、服務供應商,整體工作流程中後加工次序帶來大的影響的設計,及未來趨勢等相關分析。

第1章 簡介

第2章 定向能源累積 (DED) 零件的後加工的課題

  • 粉末消除
  • 熱感後加工
  • 加工
  • 表面處理

第3章 後加工金屬AM零件的成本討論事項

  • 相關的成本促進因素:各印表機技術
  • 相關的成本促進因素:各流程
  • 隱藏費用
  • 整體概述原價
  • 一般的合金比較

第4章 後加工OEM及服務供應商

  • 後加工設備的OEM
  • 後加工服務供應商
  • 摘要

第5章 後加工的最小化、最佳化的設計上檢討事項

  • 內部道路
  • 表面加工
  • 加工

第6章 未來趨勢

  • 端到端的解決方案、自動化
  • 資料最佳化、工業IoT
  • 軟體解決方案
  • 標準、規定

關於SmarTech的分析師

目錄
Product Code: SMP-AM-PPDED-0819

As additive manufacturing of metal parts continues to transform from prototyping to production, we've seen materials expand, systems improve, and automation advance. But, until recently, we haven't seen an increased focus on post-processing, especially as it pertains to directed energy deposition (DED).

With that said, in this report, we look at the common post-processing steps for DED parts, what they can achieve, and the challenges observed. We will discuss the relative cost considerations to keep in mind as well as costs that often go unaccounted for in the workflow. We will also discuss many of the OEMs and service providers that are active in this space. And, often forgotten, we will discuss some of the critical considerations in the design stage that can greatly influence the directed energy deposition post-processing stage in the overall workflow. We finish with a discussion on the future trends, to include end-to-end solutions and automation, data optimization, software solutions, and the current state of standard and regulations as they pertain to post-processing in general.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction

Chapter Two: Challenges in Post-Processing DED Parts

  • 2.1. Part Removal
  • 2.2. Thermal Post-Processing
    • 2.2.1. Heat Treatment
    • 2.2.2. Solution Treatment Aging (STA) / Age Hardening
    • 2.2.3. Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP)
  • 2.3. Machining
  • 2.4. Surface Finishing
    • 2.4.1. Contact Surface Finishing
      • 2.4.1.1. Sand Blasting and Shot Peening
      • 2.4.1.2. Centrifugal Disc Finishing (CDF)
      • 2.4.1.3. Centrifugal Barrel Finishing (CBF)
      • 2.4.1.4. Reverse Drag Finishing (RDF)
    • 2.4.2. Laser Surface Finishing
      • 2.4.2.1. Benefits of Laser Surface Finishing
      • 2.4.2.2. Limitations of Laser Surface Finishing
      • 2.4.2.3. Laser Surface Finishing Methods
    • 2.4.3. Electron Beam Polishing
    • 2.4.4. Electropolishing and Electrochemical Machining (ECM)
    • 2.4.5. Chemical Polishing
    • 2.4.6. Chemically Accelerated Vibratory Finishing
    • 2.4.7. Abrasive Flow Machining

Chapter Three: Cost Considerations for Post-Processing Metal AM Parts

  • 3.1. Relative Cost Drivers by Printer Technology
  • 3.2. Relative Cost Drivers by Process
    • 3.2.1. Part Separation and Support Removal
    • 3.2.2. Heat Treatment, HIP and Precipitation Hardening
    • 3.2.3. Surface Finishing
  • 3.3. Hidden Costs
    • 3.3.1. Underestimation of Surface Finish Time
    • 3.3.2. Inadequate Tools for Interior Finishing
    • 3.3.3. Process Knowledge
    • 3.3.4. Skills Gap
  • 3.4. Comprehensive Costs
  • 3.5. A Comparison Across Common Alloys

Chapter Four: Post-Processing OEMs and Service Providers

  • 4.1. Post-Processing Equipment OEMs
    • 4.1.1. Thermal Treatment / HIP
    • 4.1.2. Surface Finishing
      • 4.1.2.1. Laser Surface Finishing
      • 4.1.2.2. Electron Beam Polishing
      • 4.1.2.3. Electropolishing
      • 4.1.2.4. Electro-chemical Finishing
      • 4.1.2.5. Combined Systems
    • 4.1.3. Hybrid Machining
  • 4.2. Post-Processing Service Providers
  • 4.3. Summary

Chapter Five: Design Considerations to Minimize and Optimize Post-Processing

  • 5.1. Internal Passages
  • 5.2. Thermal Processing
  • 5.3. Surface Finishing
  • 5.4. Machining

Chapter Six: Future Trends

  • 6.1. End-to-end Solutions and Automation
  • 6.2. Data Optimization and Industrial IoT
  • 6.3. Software Solutions
  • 6.4. Standards and Regulations

About SmarTech Analysis

  • About the Analyst
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 2-1: Common Variants in Macro Polishing and Micro Polishing by Laser
  • Exhibit 2-2: Advantages of the Various AFM Classifications
  • Exhibit 4-1: Selected Post-processing Equipment and Service Providers
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