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Manager's Guide to Implementing Metal Additive Manufacturing in the Production Workflow

出版商 SmarTech Analysis 商品編碼 889559
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 103 Pages
對製造工作流程的金屬積層製造的實行:管理者的指南 Manager's Guide to Implementing Metal Additive Manufacturing in the Production Workflow
出版日期: 2019年06月26日內容資訊: 英文 103 Pages

本報告涵括製造業的金屬積層製造 (AM) ,提供AM引進的時間軸與展望,導入金屬AM到製造工作流程時應討論疑問點與課題,主要的金屬AM技術詳細的分析,準備生產的主要金屬AM技術硬體設備系統的檢討,金屬AM可使用的主要材料相關討論,及主要企業的簡介等相關資訊彙整。

第1章 簡介、概要

第2章 對金屬印刷恰當的積層製造流程:優點與缺點

  • 粉體熔化成型技術法 (PBF)
  • 指向性能量沉積技術 (DED)
  • 黏著劑噴塗成型/BMD方式
  • 金屬印刷的其他技術
  • 金屬3D印刷品質保證 (QA) 及流程監測
  • 金屬3D印表機擁有 vs. 金屬AM輸出業者的利用
  • 積層製造工作流程軟體 (SAMW) 相關幾個考察
  • 本章的要點

第3章 原型、工具及為了製作最後零件的金屬3D印刷的利用

  • 使用金屬的快速原型製作
  • 3D印刷金屬工具
  • 金屬的連續生產
  • 3D印刷金屬的用途:各引進產業
  • 使用3D印刷金屬、不使用的情況下的相關幾個考察
  • 本章的要點

第4章 3D印刷可能的金屬

  • 有關金屬粉末的3D印刷適性的一般標準
  • 金屬AM用鋼鐵、鋼鐵合金
  • 金屬AM用鈷鉻礦合金
  • 鈦、鈦合金
  • AM用鎳合金
  • 鋁、鋁合金
  • AM使用的稀少金屬
  • 耐熱金屬:鉭,鎢,鉬,及鈮
  • AM用金屬粉末的原料
  • AM使用的金屬粉末的價格趨勢
  • 本章的要點


  • 3D Systems
  • Additive Industries
  • Arcam Metals (GE Additive)
  • Concept Laser (GE Additive)
  • Desktop Metal
  • Digital Metal (Hoganas)
  • DMG Mori
  • EOS
  • ExOne
  • Fabrisonic
  • Markforged
  • Matsuura
  • Optomec
  • Renishaw
  • Sciacky
  • Sisma
  • SLM Solutions
  • Trumpf
  • HP
  • Velo3D
  • XJet


  • AP&C
  • Carpenter
  • Sandvik
  • Hoganas
  • Praxair
  • Heraeus
  • Oerlikon

關於SmarTech Analysis

Product Code: SMP-MG-MAM-0619

Direct metal parts production is the single most relevant segment for business growth in the additive manufacturing (AM) industry and a key set of technologies that can be adopted by every major advanced manufacturing segment. Now the opportunities offered by this family of technologies is expanding to embrace larger industrial manufacturing segments such as the automotive, maritime and energy industries.

More and more, additive manufacturing is providing some of the best value propositions for final and replacement part production in terms of end-to-end digital manufacturing workflows, production automation, digital warehousing and many other key areas within the industry 4.0 framework.

How does metal additive manufacturing fit within each industrial segment and what are its main benefits? Which are the key metal AM technologies, hardware systems, materials and service providers? This guide intends to provide a clear, immediately accessible and up to date resource for all the information required to successfully introduce AM into a streamlined workflow in all major industrial manufacturing segments that can benefit today from these technologies.

This Manager's Guide to Metal AM in Production Will Include:

  • A timeline and outlook for AM adoption from 1995 to 2035 and beyond.
  • A key set of questions and issues that you should consider when evaluating whether to introduce metal AM in your part production workflow
  • A complete overview of the industrial production segments that are most rapidly adopting metal AM technologies, along with key applications and value proposition
  • A detailed and in-depth description of the automated AM factory and complete end-to-end digital and additive workflow
  • A detailed analysis of all major metal AM technologies that are commercially available today, including unique features and specific benefits
  • A review of production-ready hardware systems for each major metal AM technology, including key features (build volume, energy source, laser power, etc.)
  • A discussion of the key materials that can be used in metal additive manufacturing of final parts today
  • A review of the primary software used in the additive manufacturing production workflow, from design and optimization to part finishing and product lifecycle management
  • Detailed and updated profiles of all major metal AM industry stakeholders

This report is directed toward the end user market, the companies who are active users of additive manufacturing or considering its adoption. While suppliers of additive manufacturing may find the report useful this study differs from our related studies, ‘Additive Manufacturing with Metal Powders 2019, Metal 3D Printing Services: Service Revenues, Printer Purchases and Materials Consumption - 2018 to 2027 ’, and ‘Additive Manufacturing with Metal Powders 2018 ’, which provide broader analysis and forecasting of the addressable market for the supply chain.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction and Overview

  • 1.1. Prologue
  • 1.2. Why we are Publishing this Guide and Who is It for?
  • 1.3. Is Metal Printing the Right Choice? Five Important Questions You Should Ask
    • 1.3.1. Which Metals are Printable?
  • 1.4. Key Adopting Industries
    • 1.4.1. Metals, AM and Aerospace
    • 1.4.2. Metals in Medical and Dental AM
    • 1.4.3. Metal 3D Printing in the Fast Lane
    • 1.4.4. Expanding Horizons for Metal 3D Printing
  • 1.5. Evolution of the Metal AM Plant
    • 1.5.1. Metal AM Processes: What they are Good for
  • 1.6. The Future of Metals Printing: What to Expect
  • 1.7. In Conclusion

Chapter Two: Additive Manufacturing Processes Suitable for Metal Printing: Pros and Cons

  • 2.1. Metal Powder Bed Fusion (PBF)
    • 2.1.1. Laser-based Systems
      • Support-free Laser Metal PBF
      • Laser PBF Process Optimization
    • 2.1.2. Electron Beam Powder Bed Fusion
      • Arcam's New Spectra H
  • 2.2. Directed Energy Deposition (DED), Key Technologies and Systems
    • 2.2.1. Blown Powder-based DED
    • 2.2.2. Metal Wire-Based DED: EBAM and WAAM Processes
      • Sciaky's EBAM
      • Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM)
  • 2.3. Binder Jetting/Bound Metal Printing
    • 2.3.1. Binder Jetting
    • 2.3.2. Other Bound Metal Processes and Systems
      • Bound Metal Filament Deposition
      • Metallic Slurry Photopolymerization
      • Metal Material (Nanoparticle) Jetting
  • 2.4. Other Technologies for Metal Printing
    • 2.4.1. Ultrasound, Kinetic and Friction Consolidation
      • Ultrasonic Consolidation (Cold Blown Powder)
      • Kinetic Consolidation (Cold Spray)
      • Resistance Heating Consolidation (Joule Printing)
  • 2.5. Quality Assurance (QA) and Process Monitoring for Metal 3D Printing
    • 2.5.1. AM Part Quality Assurance
    • 2.5.2. Metal AM Process Monitoring
    • 2.5.3. The Need for Standardization and Guidelines in AM Adopting Industries
  • 2.6. Owning a Metal 3D Printer Versus Using a Metal AM Service Bureau
  • 2.7. Some Thoughts on Software for the Additive Manufacturing Workflow (SAMW)
    • 2.7.1. Topology Optimization and Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM)
    • 2.7.2. Parametric and Generative Design Software
    • 2.7.3. The Voxel in Additive Manufacturing
      • STL vs. 3MF File Formats
    • 2.7.4. Design and Process Software for AM
    • 2.7.5. The Role of Networking, Workflow Execution and PLM Software in AM
  • 2.8. Major Takeaways from this Chapter

Chapter Three: Using Metal 3D Printing to Make Prototypes, Tools and Final Parts

  • 3.1. Rapid Prototyping with Metals
  • 3.2. 3D-printed Metal Tools
  • 3.3. Series Production in Metal: the Additive Factory
    • 3.3.1. Additive Manufacturing for Large Metal Component and Parts
  • 3.4. Applications of 3D-printed Metal by Adoption Industry
    • 3.4.1. Aerospace Ready for AM in Production
    • 3.4.2. Medical AM Opportunities
    • 3.4.3. Automotive Gearing Up for AM Production
    • 3.4.4. Sprouting AM Opportunities in Dentistry
    • 3.4.5. Energy/Oil and Gas/Maritime
  • 3.5. Some Thoughts on When to Use and When Not to Use 3D-printed Metals
  • 3.6. Major Takeaways from this Chapter

Chapter Four: Metals that Can Be 3D Printed

  • 4.1. General Criteria for Metal Powder 3D Printability
    • 4.1.1. Requirements for Powders in PBF Processes
  • 4.2. Steels and Steel Alloys for Metal AM
    • 4.2.1. AM Adoption Applications and Leading Suppliers of Steel Powders for AM
  • 4.3. Cobalt Chrome Alloys for Metal AM
    • 4.3.1. AM Adoption Applications and Leading Suppliers of Cobalt Chrome Powders for AM
  • 4.4. Titanium and Titanium Alloys
    • 4.4.1. AM Adoption Applications for Titanium
    • 4.4.2. Production of Titanium Powders for Additive Manufacturing
  • 4.5. Nickel Alloys for Additive Manufacturing
    • 4.5.1. AM Adoption Applications for Nickel Alloys
    • 4.5.2. Production of Nickel Alloy Powders for Additive Manufacturing
  • 4.6. Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
    • 4.6.1. Production and Adoption of Aluminum Alloy Powders for Additive Manufacturing
      • Scalmalloy RP
  • 4.7. Precious Metals Used in Additive Manufacturing
    • 4.7.1. Types of Precious Metals that can be 3D Printed Today
  • 4.8. Refractory Metals - Tantalum, Tungsten, Molybdenum, and Niobium
    • 4.8.1. Adoption of Refractory Metal Powders for Additive Manufacturing
    • 4.8.2. Production of Refractory Metal Powders for Additive Manufacturing
  • 4.9. Sources of Metal Powders for Additive Manufacturing
    • 4.9.1. Leading Third-party Metal Powder Suppliers
  • 4.10. Price Trends for Metal Powders Used in Additive Manufacturing
  • 4.11. Major Takeaways From this Chapter

Appendix A: A Brief Guide to Metal 3D Printer Manufacturers

  • A.1. 3D Systems
  • A.2. Additive Industries
  • A.3. Arcam Metals (GE Additive)
  • A.4. Concept Laser (GE Additive)
  • A.5. Desktop Metal
  • A.6. Digital Metal (Höganäs)
  • A.7. DMG Mori
  • A.8. EOS
  • A.9. ExOne
  • A.10. Fabrisonic
  • A.11. Markforged
  • A.12. Matsuura
  • A.13. Optomec
  • A.14. Renishaw
  • A.15. Sciacky
  • A.16. Sisma
  • A.17. SLM Solutions
  • A.18. Trumpf
  • A.19. HP
  • A.20. Velo3D
  • A.21. XJet

Appendix B: A Brief Guide to Manufacturers of Metal Powders for Additive Manufacturing

  • B.1. AP&C
  • B.2. Carpenter
  • B.3. Sandvik
  • B.4. Höganäs
  • B.5. Praxair
  • B.6. Heraeus
  • B.7. Oerlikon

About SmarTech Analysis

  • About the Analyst
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1-1: A Timeline for Adoption of Metal AM (2005 - 2045)
  • Exhibit 1-2: Questions to Ask to Decide Whether You Should Use Metal 3D Printing to Make a Part
  • Exhibit 1-3: Possible Assessments on Implementing Metal AM to Produce a Part
  • Exhibit 1-4: Map of Metal Additive Manufacturing Technologies
  • Exhibit 1-5: Examples of Large AM Factories with Multiple Machines and High Levels of Automation
  • Exhibit 1-7: Review of Available Metal AM Technologies
  • Exhibit 2-1: Benefits and Limitations of Metal Powder Bed Fusion
  • Exhibit 2-2: Summary of Powder Bed Fusion Markets and Materials
  • Exhibit 2-3: Key Metal Laser Powder Bed Fusion System Manufacturers and Highly Automated Production-ready Systems
  • Exhibit 2-4: Laser Metal Powder Bed Fusion System Parameters
  • Exhibit 2-5: The End-To-End Automated Process Workflow for AM Part Production
  • Exhibit 2-6: Electron-Based Powder Bed Fusion System Parameters
  • Exhibit 2-7: Key DED Companies and Technologies
  • Exhibit 2-8: DED Tool Manufacturers
  • Exhibit 2-9: Powder-Based Directed Energy Deposition System Parameters
  • Exhibit 2-10: Available Binder Jetting Systems Now on the Market
  • Exhibit 2-11: Commercially Available Bound Metal Filament Deposition Systems and Status
  • Exhibit 2-12: Steps Required for Developing a Streamlined Workflow for AM Part Qualification
  • Exhibit 2-13: A Software Map for the Digital AM Production and Product Lifetime Workflow
  • Exhibit 2-14: Notable AM Software Publishers and Products
  • Exhibit 3-1: Metal AM Technologies Used for Prototyping
  • Exhibit 3-2: Which Technologies to Use for Short Series Production
  • Exhibit 3-3: Timeline for Metal AM Adoption in Key Segments
  • Exhibit 4-1: Future Metal AM Market Development Structure Comparing Metallurgical Manufacturing Knowledge
  • Exhibit 4-2: Available Steel Powders for Additive Manufacturing
  • Exhibit 4-3: Available Cobalt Chrome Alloys for Additive Manufacturing
  • Exhibit 4-4: Summary of Nickel Additive Manufacturing Opportunities by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 4-5: How Aluminum Powder Characteristics Affect the Additive Manufacturing Process