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市場調查報告書

無執照頻段(無執照頻段)中的LTE和5G NR:機遇/挑戰/戰略/預測(2020-2030年)

LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum: 2020 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

出版商 SNS Telecom & IT 商品編碼 975903
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 534 Pages; 78 Tables & Figures
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
無執照頻段(無執照頻段)中的LTE和5G NR:機遇/挑戰/戰略/預測(2020-2030年) LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum: 2020 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts
出版日期: 2020年12月09日內容資訊: 英文 534 Pages; 78 Tables & Figures
簡介

基於3GPP的蜂窩網絡在非許可頻段(非許可頻段)中的操作已成為移動網絡緻密化策略的重要組成部分。全世界的移動運營商都在無執照頻段(無執照頻段,主要是全球統一的5 GHz頻段)內操作,以擴展網絡容量並提供更高的數據速率,尤其是在密集的城市環境中。我們正在越來越多地部署LTE RAN基礎架構。這些實現主要基於LAA(許可輔助訪問)技術,將非許可頻道與許可頻段錨點聚合在一起,以保持無縫和可靠的連接。

儘管由於COVID-19爆發,與非3GPP無線技術的競爭以及其他問題而導致經濟增長放緩,但LTE和5G NR兼容的RAN在世界範圍內的非許可頻段(非許可頻段)內運行基礎設施投資預計將達到近5億美元。預計該市場將進一步增長,在2020年至2023年之間的複合年增長率約為40%,到2023年最終將達到13億美元。

此報告調查了無執照頻段(無執照頻段),價值鏈,市場驅動因素和約束條件,啟用技術,主要趨勢,未來路線圖,業務模式,詳細分析用例,應用場景,標準化,頻譜溶解度/分配,監管狀況,案例研究和生態系統公司簡介。

目錄

第1章簡介

第2章非許可頻段(非許可頻段)中的LTE和5G NR概述

  • 頻譜:無線通信行業的生命線
  • 在免許可頻段(免許可頻段)中使用LTE和5G NR的原因
  • 非許可頻段(非許可頻段)和許可頻段(許可頻段)之間的差異
  • 第2章非許可頻段(非許可頻段)中的LTE和5G NR價值鏈
  • 市場驅動力
  • 市場限制

第3章啟用技術和概念

  • LTE-U
  • LAA(Enhanced LAA)
  • eLAA(擴展的LAA)
  • FeLAA(Further Enhanced LAA)
  • 5G NR-U(未許可頻段中的NR)
  • MulteFire
  • 日本的sXGP(共享的擴展世界平台)
  • 美國CBRS(Citizens Broadband Radio Service)
  • TVWS(電視空白)
  • 與非3GPP網絡的未經許可的集成和聚合

第4章業務模型,用例和應用程序

  • 商業模式和用法示例
    • 服務提供商網絡
    • 中性主機網絡
    • 專用蜂窩網絡
  • 應用
    • 移動寬帶
    • 家庭和企業寬帶
    • 語音和消息服務
    • 高分辨率視頻傳輸
    • 網真和視頻會議
    • 多媒體廣播和乘法
    • 物聯網(IoT)網絡
    • 穿戴式無線連接
    • Antezard AR/VR/MR(增強現實,虛擬現實和復合現實)
    • 實時全息投影
    • 觸覺互聯網和觸覺反饋
    • 高精度定位和跟蹤
    • 工業自動化
    • 機器遙控器
    • 互聯移動機器人
    • 無人駕駛和自動駕駛汽車
    • 無人機的BVLOS(視線範圍外)操作
    • 數據驅動的分析和見解
    • 帶傳感器的數字雙胞胎
    • 設備的預測性維護

第5章非許可頻段(非許可頻段)的可用性,分配和使用

  • LTE和5G NR的候選頻段(免許可頻段)
    • 1 GHz以下頻段(470-700/800/900 MHz)
    • 1.8 GHz DECT保護頻段(1780-1785 MHz,1875-1880 MHz)
    • 1.9 GHz sXGP/DECT頻段(1880-1920 MHz)
    • 2.4 GHz(2400-2483.5 MHz)
    • 3.5 GHz(3550-3700 MHz)CBRS頻段
    • 5 GHz(5150-5925 MHz)
    • 6 GHz(5925-7125 MHz)
    • 57-71 GHz
    • 其他樂隊
  • 北美
    • 美國
    • 加拿大
  • 亞太地區
    • 澳大利亞
    • 新西蘭
    • 日本
    • 韓國
    • 中國
    • 香港
    • 台灣
    • 新加坡
    • 馬來西亞
    • 印度尼西亞
    • 菲律賓
    • 泰國
    • 越南
    • 緬甸
    • 印度
    • 巴基斯坦
    • 其他亞太地區
  • 歐洲
    • 英國
    • 愛爾蘭
    • 法國
    • 德國
    • 比利時
    • 荷蘭
    • 瑞士
    • 奧地利
    • 意大利
    • 西班牙
    • 葡萄牙
    • 瑞典
    • 挪威
    • 丹麥
    • 芬蘭
    • 愛沙尼亞
    • 捷克共和國
    • 波蘭
    • 希臘
    • 土耳其
    • 保加利亞
    • 羅馬尼亞
    • 匈牙利
    • 斯洛文尼亞
    • 塞爾維亞
    • 俄羅斯
    • 其他歐洲
  • 中東和非洲
    • 沙特阿拉伯
    • 阿拉伯聯合酋長國
    • 卡塔爾
    • 科威特
    • 以色列
    • 南非
    • 其他中東/非洲
  • 拉丁美洲和中美洲
    • 墨西哥
    • 巴西
    • 阿根廷
    • 哥倫比亞
    • 智利
    • 其他拉丁美洲和中美洲

第6章標準化,法規與協作計劃

  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • CBRS Alliance
  • CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
  • CTIA
  • DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
  • ETSI(European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
  • ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector)
  • LTE-U Forum
  • MulteFire Alliance
  • NGMN Alliance
  • ONF(Open Networking Foundation)
  • Small Cell Forum
  • WhiteSpace Alliance
  • WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
  • XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum
  • 其他

第7章非許可頻段(非許可頻段)部署案例研究

  • AT&T:更高的移動網絡密度以及FWA使用免許可頻段(免許可頻段)
  • BBB(BB骨乾公司):基於1.9 GHz XGP的專用LTE網絡平台
  • BYD SkyRail:未經許可的5GHz無線系統,用於鐵路通信
  • Chunghwa Telecom:通過免許可5GHz頻譜增強您的移動寬帶體驗
  • Dallas Love Field Airport:專用LTE網絡,可提供內部運營和乘客體驗
  • Gogo:為LTE/5G兼容A2G(空對地)網絡利用未經許可的2.4GHz頻譜
  • Memorial Health System:基於LTE的CBRS網絡,支持COVID-19合規性工作
  • Midco(中大陸通信):本地寬帶連接的共享和免許可頻段(免許可頻段)
  • MTS(移動電信系統):使用LAA技術提供千兆級的LTE服務
  • Murray City School District:基於LTE的私人CBRS網絡,用於幼兒園到高中教育
  • NetCity(GEOS電信):用於AMI(高級計量基礎架構)的未許可Sub 1 GHz LTE網絡
  • Ocado:在未經許可的5GHz頻譜上定制的LTE網絡,用於倉庫自動化
  • RCI(農村雲計劃):利用CBRS頻譜構建未來的農場
  • SmarTone:通過戰略性放置的LAA小型小區有效管理流量激增
  • URSYS:通過無執照頻段(無執照頻段)為農村和周邊地區提供蜂窩連接
  • Verizon Communications:利用5GHz和3.5GHz CBRS頻譜滿足容量需求
  • Vodacom Group:採用未經許可的5GHz頻譜來改善LTE網絡容量和性能
  • Yangshan Por:用於自動集裝箱終端操作的免執照5 GHz LTE網絡

第8章市場規模和預測

  • LTE和5G NR在全球非授權頻段(非授權頻段)的前景
  • 細分:通過無線接口技術
    • 不需要許可證LTE
    • 5G NR-U
  • 細分:按操作模式
    • 獨立
    • LAA
  • 細分:按單元格類型
    • 室內小型牢房
    • 室外小型牢房
  • 細分:按頻段
    • 1GHz以下
    • 1.9 GHz sXGP
    • 2.4 GHz
    • 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA
    • 5 GHz
    • 6 GHz
    • 高頻率
  • 細分:按用例
    • 更高密度的移動網絡
    • FWA(固定無線訪問)
    • 電纜運營商和新進入者
    • 中立主機
    • 專用蜂窩網絡
  • 區域展望
    • 北美
    • 亞太地區
    • 歐洲
    • 中東/非洲
    • 拉丁美洲/中美洲

第9章主要生態系統公司

  • 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • ABiT Corporation
  • Accelleran
  • Accuver (InnoWireless)
  • ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
  • Affirmed Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
  • Airgain
  • Airspan Networks
  • Airtower Networks
  • Airwavz Solutions
  • Akoustis Technologies
  • Alef Edge
  • Allen Vanguard Wireless
  • Alpha Wireless
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Altran
  • Amazon
  • Amdocs
  • American Tower Corporation
  • Amit Wireless
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • ANS (Advanced Network Services)
  • Antenna Company
  • Anterix
  • Apple
  • Artemis Networks (Rearden)
  • ASOCS
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)/Askey Computer Corporation
  • Athonet
  • ATN International
  • AttoCore
  • Axell Wireless
  • Azcom Technology
  • BAI Communications/Transit Wireless
  • Baicells Technologies
  • Ballast Networks
  • BearCom
  • BEC Technologies
  • Benetel
  • Billion Electric
  • Black Box Corporation
  • Blackned
  • Blue Arcus Technologies
  • Blue Danube Systems
  • Boingo Wireless
  • Branch Communications
  • BTI Wireless
  • Bureau Veritas/7Layers
  • BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
  • CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
  • CableLabs/Kyrio
  • Cambium Networks
  • Cambridge Consultants
  • Carlson Wireless Technologies
  • Casa Systems
  • CCI (Communication Components Inc.)/BLiNQ Networks
  • CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
  • CellAntenna Corporation
  • cellXica
  • Celona
  • Centerline Communications
  • CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group
  • Cisco Systems
  • ClearSky Technologies
  • Codium Networks
  • Comba Telecom
  • CommAgility (Wireless Telecom Group)
  • CommScope/Ruckus Networks
  • Compal
  • COMSovereign
  • Connectivity Wireless Solutions (M/C Partners)
  • Contela
  • Corning
  • Council Rock
  • Cradlepoint (Ericsson)
  • Crown Castle International Corporation
  • CTS (Communication Technology Services)
  • Dali Wireless
  • Dejero Labs
  • DEKRA
  • Dell Technologies
  • Digi International
  • Digicert
  • DKK (Denki Kogyo)
  • Druid Software
  • EION Wireless
  • Encore Networks
  • Ericsson
  • ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • EXFO
  • ExteNet Systems (Digital Colony)
  • Facebook
  • Fairspectrum
  • FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)/JEMS (Japan EM Solutions)
  • Federated Wireless
  • Fibrolan
  • FreedomFi
  • FRTek
  • Fujitsu
  • Future Technologies Venture
  • GCT Semiconductor
  • GE (General Electric)
  • Gemtek Technology
  • Geoverse (ATN International)
  • Getac Technology Corporation
  • Goodman Networks
  • Google (Alphabet)
  • Granite Telecommunications
  • Green Packet
  • HCL Technologies
  • HFR
  • Hitachi Kokusai Electric
  • Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn Technology Group)
  • HP
  • HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • Huawei
  • Huber+Suhner
  • iBwave Solutions (Corning)
  • Infomark Corporation
  • Infosys
  • Infovista
  • Innonet
  • Inseego Corporation
  • Insta Group
  • Intel Corporation
  • Intenna Systems
  • InterDigital
  • IoT4Net
  • ip.access (Mavenir Systems)
  • IPLOOK Networks
  • iPosi
  • Jaton Technology
  • JCI (Japan Communications Inc.)/Contour Networks
  • JIT (JI Technology)
  • JMA Wireless
  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • Juni Global
  • Kajeet
  • Key Bridge Wireless
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kisan Telecom
  • KLA Laboratories
  • Kleos
  • KMW
  • KORE Wireless
  • Kyocera Corporation
  • Landmark Dividend
  • Lekha Wireless Solutions
  • Lemko Corporation
  • Lenovo/Motorola Mobility
  • LG Electronics
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Lindsay Broadband
  • Linx Technologies
  • LS telcom
  • Maven Wireless
  • Mavenir Systems
  • Metaswitch Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
  • Metro Network Services
  • MiCOM Labs
  • Microlab
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • MitraStar Technology (Unizyx Holding Corporation)
  • Mobile Mark
  • Mobilitie
  • Motorola Solutions
  • MRT Technology (Suzhou)
  • MSB (M S Benbow & Associates)
  • MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
  • MTI Wireless Edge
  • Multi-Tech Systems
  • NEC Corporation
  • Nemko
  • Netgear
  • NetNumber
  • Netvision Telecom
  • NewEdge Signal Solutions
  • Nextivity
  • Node-H
  • Nokia
  • Nominet
  • Nsight Telservices
  • NuRAN Wireless/Nutaq Innovation
  • Oceus Networks
  • Octasic
  • OPPO/Vivo/OnePlus/Realme (BBK Electronics Corporation)
  • Oracle Communications
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Panorama Antennas
  • Parallel Wireless
  • Parsec Technologies
  • Pavlov Media
  • PCTEL
  • PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory)
  • Pierson Wireless
  • Pivot Technology Services
  • Pivotal Commware
  • Polaris Networks
  • Potevio
  • QuadGen Wireless Solutions
  • Qualcomm
  • Quantum Wireless
  • Qucell (InnoWireless)
  • Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • Qulsar
  • Quortus
  • Radisys Corporation (Reliance Industries)
  • Ranplan Wireless
  • Raycap
  • RED Technologies
  • Redline Communications
  • RF Connect
  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • Rivada Networks
  • RKTPL (RK Telesystem Private Limited)
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • RuggON Corporation
  • Saankhya Labs
  • SAC Wireless (Nokia)
  • Samsung
  • Sanjole
  • SBA Communications Corporation
  • Select Spectrum
  • Seowon Intech
  • Sequans Communications
  • Sercomm Corporation
  • SGS
  • Shanghai Smawave Technology
  • Sharp Corporation/Dynabook (Foxconn)
  • Siemens
  • Sierra Wireless
  • Sivers IMA
  • Smart City Networks
  • SOLiD
  • Sony Corporation
  • Spectrum Effect
  • Spirent Communications
  • Sporton International
  • SQUAN
  • SSC (Shared Spectrum Company)
  • Star Solutions
  • STEP CG
  • STL (Sterlite Technologies Ltd)
  • Sunwave Communications
  • SureSite Consulting Group
  • Suzhou Aquila Solutions (Aquila Wireless)
  • Syniverse Technologies
  • T&W (Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics)
  • Tait Communications
  • Tango Networks
  • Taoglas
  • Teal Communications
  • Tecore Networks
  • Telewave
  • Teleworld Solutions
  • Telit Communications
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telsasoft
  • Tessares
  • TESSCO Technologies
  • ThinkRF
  • Tilson
  • TLC Solutions
  • TÜV SÜD
  • Ubicquia
  • UL
  • Valid8
  • Vapor IO
  • Vertical Bridge (Digital Colony)
  • Verveba Telecom
  • Viavi Solutions
  • Virtual Network Communications (COMSovereign)
  • Wave Wireless
  • Wavesight
  • Westell Technologies
  • Widelity
  • Wilson Electronics
  • Wilus
  • WIN Connectivity (Wireless Information Networks)
  • Winncom Technologies
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • Wytec International
  • Zebra Technologies
  • ZenFi Networks
  • Zinwave (McWane)
  • Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
  • ZTE
  • Zyxel Communications (Unizyx Holding Corporation)

第10章結論和戰略要務

  • 為什麼市場準備增長?
  • 未來路線圖
  • 哪個非授權頻段(非授權頻段)主導了市場?
  • 利用6GHz綠地頻譜進行5G NR-U部署
  • 60 GHz以上頻率的展望
  • Wi-Fi 6對5G NR-U構成威脅嗎?
  • 5G時代中更高密度的移動電話運營商網絡
  • 蜂窩行業新進入者的出現
  • 用於工業物聯網的專用蜂窩網絡
  • COVID-19大流行:未許可頻段(未許可頻段)對部署的影響
  • 戰略勢在必行
目錄

Synopsis

Over the past decade, the operation of 3GPP-based cellular networks in unlicensed spectrum has gone from being a perennial talking point to what is now a key element of mobile network densification strategies. Mobile operators across the globe are increasingly rolling out LTE RAN (Radio Access Network) infrastructure operating in unlicensed spectrum - primarily the globally harmonized 5 GHz band - to expand network capacity and deliver higher data rates, particularly in dense urban environments. These implementations are largely based on LAA (Licensed Assisted Access) technology which aggregates unlicensed channels with anchors in licensed spectrum to maintain seamless and reliable connectivity.

However, the practical applicability of unlicensed spectrum is not limited to the capacity enhancement of traditional mobile operator networks. Technical and regulatory initiatives such as MulteFire, CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service) and sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform) make it possible for enterprises, vertical industries, third-party neutral hosts and other new entrants to build and operate their own independent cellular networks solely in unlicensed spectrum without requiring an anchor carrier in licensed spectrum. Furthermore, in conjunction with the availability of new license-exempt frequencies such as the recently opened 6 GHz band from 5925 MHz to 7125 MHz, the introduction of 5G NR-U in 3GPP's Release 16 specifications paves the way for 5G NR deployments in unlicensed spectrum for both licensed assisted and standalone modes of operation. Given 5G's inherent support for reliability and time-sensitive networking, NR-U is particularly well suited to meet industrial IoT requirements for the automation and digitization of environments such as factories, warehouses, ports and mining sites.

Despite the economic slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, competition from non-3GPP wireless technologies and other challenges, SNS Telecom & IT estimates that global investments in LTE and 5G NR-ready RAN infrastructure operating in unlicensed spectrum will reach nearly $500 Million by the end of 2020. The market is further expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 40% between 2020 and 2023, eventually accounting for $1.3 Billion by 2023.

The "LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum: 2020 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts" report presents a detailed assessment of the market for LTE and 5G NR in unlicensed spectrum including the value chain, market drivers, barriers to uptake, enabling technologies, key trends, future roadmap, business models, use cases, application scenarios, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, case studies, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also provides global and regional forecasts for unlicensed LTE and 5G NR RAN infrastructure from 2020 till 2030. The forecasts cover two air interface technologies, two modes of operation, two cell type categories, seven frequency band ranges, seven use cases and five regional markets.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:

  • Despite the economic slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, competition from non-3GPP wireless technologies and other challenges, SNS Telecom & IT estimates that global investments in LTE and 5G NR-ready RAN infrastructure operating in unlicensed spectrum will reach nearly $500 Million by the end of 2020. The market is further expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 40% between 2020 and 2023, eventually accounting for $1.3 Billion by 2023.
  • As part of their network densification efforts, mobile operators across the globe are increasingly employing the use of LAA technology to aggregate licensed spectrum assets with unlicensed frequencies - primarily the globally harmonized 5 GHz band - in order to deliver higher data rates and alleviate capacity constraints across the most congested parts of their networks.
  • With the possibility to leverage the 3.5 GHz CBRS band on a GAA (General Authorized Access) basis in the United States and the availability of Japan's license-exempt 1.9 GHz sXGP band, independent cellular networks that can operate solely in unlicensed spectrum - without requiring an anchor carrier in licensed spectrum - are beginning to emerge as well. In addition, it is worth noting that a limited number of custom-built, standalone LTE networks operating in the unlicensed 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands are operational in certain national markets, predominantly for industrial IoT applications.
  • In the coming years, with the commercial maturity of 5G NR-U technology, we also anticipate to see 5G NR deployments in unlicensed spectrum for both licensed assisted and standalone modes of operation - using the 3.5 GHz CBRS, 5 GHz, 6 GHz and higher frequency bands up to 71 GHz.

Topics Covered:

The report covers the following topics:

  • Introduction to LTE and 5G NR in unlicensed spectrum
  • Value chain and ecosystem structure
  • Market drivers and challenges
  • Enabling technologies and concepts including LTE-U, LAA/eLAA/FeLAA, 5G NR-U, MulteFire, CBRS and sXGP
  • Key trends such as mobile network densification, neutral host small cells, private cellular networks for enterprises and vertical industries, and the availability of new unlicensed bands
  • Future roadmap of LTE and 5G NR in unlicensed spectrum
  • Business models, use cases and application scenarios
  • Spectrum availability, allocation and usage across the global, regional and national domains
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • Case studies of LTE and 5G NR-ready deployments in unlicensed spectrum
  • Profiles and strategies of more than 280 ecosystem players
  • Strategic recommendations for LTE and 5G NR equipment suppliers, system integrators, service providers, enterprises and vertical industries
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2020 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts for LTE and 5G NR-based RAN equipment operating in unlicensed spectrum are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Air Interface Technologies

  • Unlicensed LTE
  • 5G NR-U

Modes of Operation

  • Standalone Operation
  • LAA (Licensed Assisted Access)
  • Cell Types
  • Indoor Small Cells
  • Outdoor Small Cells

Frequency Bands

  • Sub-1 GHz
  • 1.9 GHz sXGP
  • 2.4 GHz
  • 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA
  • 5 GHz
  • 6 GHz
  • Higher Frequencies

Use Cases

  • Mobile Network Densification
  • FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
  • Cable Operators & New Entrants
  • Neutral Hosts
  • Private Cellular Networks
  • Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
  • Vertical Industries

Regional Markets

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Latin & Central America

Key Questions Answered:

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the opportunity for LTE and 5G NR in unlicensed spectrum?
  • What trends, drivers and challenges are influencing its growth?
  • What will the market size be in 2023, and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which submarkets and regions will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • What are the existing and candidate unlicensed spectrum bands for the operation of LTE and 5G NR, and what is the status of their adoption worldwide?
  • What is the outlook for the recently opened 6 GHz greenfield spectrum and license-exempt bands in higher frequencies?
  • What are the business models, use cases and application scenarios for LTE and 5G NR networks operating in unlicensed spectrum?
  • How does the integration of unlicensed spectrum relieve capacity constraints faced by traditional mobile operators?
  • What opportunities exist for cable operators, neutral hosts, niche service providers and other new entrants?
  • How will unlicensed spectrum accelerate the uptake of private cellular networks for enterprises and vertical industries?
  • How does standardization impact the deployment of LTE and 5G NR in unlicensed spectrum?
  • What are the functional capabilities of 5G NR-U based on the 3GPP's Release 16 specifications, and which NR-U feature enhancements are likely to be supported in Release 17?
  • Do Wi-Fi and other non-3GPP technologies operating in unlicensed spectrum pose a threat to LTE and 5G NR?
  • Who are the key ecosystem players, and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should LTE and 5G NR equipment suppliers, system integrators, service providers and other stakeholders adopt to remain competitive?

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • 1.1. Executive Summary
  • 1.2. Topics Covered
  • 1.3. Forecast Segmentation
  • 1.4. Key Questions Answered
  • 1.5. Key Findings
  • 1.6. Methodology
  • 1.7. Target Audience
  • 1.8. Companies & Organizations Mentioned

Chapter 2: An Overview of LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum

  • 2.1. Spectrum: The Lifeblood of the Wireless Communications Industry
    • 2.1.1. Traditional Exclusive-Use Licensed Spectrum
    • 2.1.2. Unlicensed Spectrum
      • 2.1.2.1. Dedicated License-Exempt Bands
      • 2.1.2.2. Opportunistic Unlicensed Access
  • 2.2. Why Utilize Unlicensed Spectrum for LTE & 5G NR Networks?
    • 2.2.1. Alleviating Capacity Constraints on Mobile Operator Spectrum
    • 2.2.2. New Business Models: Neutral Host, Enterprise & Private Cellular Networks
    • 2.2.3. Resurgence of FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Services
  • 2.3. How Unlicensed Spectrum Differs From Traditional Licensed Frequencies
    • 2.3.1. Exclusive vs. Shared Use
    • 2.3.2. License Fees & Validity
    • 2.3.3. Network Buildout & Service Obligations
    • 2.3.4. LBT (Listen Before Talk) & Coexistence Mechanisms
    • 2.3.5. Power Limits & Other Restrictions
  • 2.4. The Value Chain of LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum
    • 2.4.1. Chipset & Enabling Technology Specialists
    • 2.4.2. Terminal OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers)
    • 2.4.3. LTE & 5G NR Infrastructure Suppliers
    • 2.4.4. Wireless Service Providers
      • 2.4.4.1. Mobile Operators
      • 2.4.4.2. Fixed-Line Service Providers
      • 2.4.4.3. MVNOs (Mobile Virtual Network Operators)
      • 2.4.4.4. Towercos (Tower Companies)
      • 2.4.4.5. Neutral Hosts
      • 2.4.4.6. Private Network Operators
    • 2.4.5. End Users
      • 2.4.5.1. Consumers
      • 2.4.5.2. Enterprises & Vertical Industries
    • 2.4.6. Other Ecosystem Players
  • 2.5. Market Drivers
    • 2.5.1. Continued Growth of Mobile Data Traffic
    • 2.5.2. New Revenue Streams: FWA, IoT & Vertical-Focused Services
    • 2.5.3. Private & Neutral Host Network Deployments
    • 2.5.4. Unlicensed Spectrum Availability
    • 2.5.5. Lower Cost Network Equipment & Installation
    • 2.5.6. Expanding Ecosystem of Compatible Devices
  • 2.6. Market Barriers
    • 2.6.1. Cell Site Deployment Challenges
    • 2.6.2. Restricted Coverage Due to Transmit Power Limits
    • 2.6.3. Interference & Congestion Concerns
    • 2.6.4. Resistance From Other Spectrum Users
    • 2.6.5. Competition From Non-3GPP Technologies
    • 2.6.6. Economic & Pandemic-Related Factors

Chapter 3: Enabling Technologies & Concepts

  • 3.1. LTE-U
    • 3.1.1. Channel Selection
    • 3.1.2. CSAT (Carrier Sensing Adaptive Transmission)
    • 3.1.3. Opportunistic On-Off Switching
  • 3.2. LAA (Licensed Assisted Access)
    • 3.2.1. LBT (Listen Before Talk): Category 4 & Category 2 LBT
    • 3.2.2. FS3 (Frame Structure Type 3) for Unlicensed Carriers
    • 3.2.3. Other LAA Design & Operational Aspects
  • 3.3. eLAA (Enhanced LAA)
  • 3.4. FeLAA (Further Enhanced LAA)
  • 3.5. 5G NR-U (NR in Unlicensed Spectrum)
    • 3.5.1. Modes of Operation
      • 3.5.1.1. Anchored NR-U
      • 3.5.1.2. Standalone NR-U
    • 3.5.2. LBT-Based Channel Access
    • 3.5.3. Air Interface Refinements for NR-U
    • 3.5.4. Time-Synchronized NR-U & Future Developments
  • 3.6. MulteFire
    • 3.6.1. Supported Unlicensed Bands
    • 3.6.2. Building on 3GPP-Specified LAA & eLAA Functionality
    • 3.6.3. Modifications for Standalone Operation Without Licensed Anchor
    • 3.6.4. Neutral Host Access, Cellular IoT Optimizations & Additional Capabilities
  • 3.7. Japan's sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform)
    • 3.7.1. License-Exempt Operation of 1.9 GHz Private LTE Networks
    • 3.7.2. LBT for Coexistence With PHS & Other sXGP Networks
    • 3.7.3. Possible Use of 1.9 GHz as an Anchor Band for Local 5G Networks
  • 3.8. United States' CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service)
    • 3.8.1. Dynamic Three-Tiered Sharing of the 3.5 GHz CBRS Band
    • 3.8.2. Tiers of Authorization
      • 3.8.2.1. Tier 1 - Incumbent Access
      • 3.8.2.2. Tier 2 - PALs (Priority Access Licenses)
      • 3.8.2.3. Tier 3 - GAA (General Authorized Access)
  • 3.9. TVWS (TV White Spaces)
    • 3.9.1. Database-Assisted Access to Unoccupied TV Channels
    • 3.9.2. Possible Implementation Using 3GPP RAN Technologies
  • 3.10. Integration & Aggregation With Unlicensed Non-3GPP Networks
    • 3.10.1. Core Network-Centric Integration
      • 3.10.1.1. System-Level WLAN Offload in LTE
      • 3.10.1.2. Interworking With Non-3GPP Access Networks in 5G
    • 3.10.2. RAN Centric Offload & Link Aggregation
      • 3.10.2.1. RALWI (RAN Assisted LTE-WLAN Interworking)
      • 3.10.2.2. RCLWI (RAN Controlled LTE-WLAN Interworking)
      • 3.10.2.3. LWA (LTE-WLAN Aggregation)
      • 3.10.2.4. eLWA (Enhanced LWA)
      • 3.10.2.5. LWIP (LTE-WLAN Radio Level Integration With IPsec Tunnel)
      • 3.10.2.6. eLWIP (Enhanced LWIP)
    • 3.10.3. Multipath Protocols
      • 3.10.3.1. MPTCP (Multipath TCP)
      • 3.10.3.2. MPQUIC (Multipath Quick UDP Internet Connections)
    • 3.10.4. Other Protocols & Techniques

Chapter 4: Business Models, Use Cases & Applications

  • 4.1. Business Models & Use Cases
    • 4.1.1. Service Provider Networks
      • 4.1.1.1. Mobile Network Densification & Build-Outs
      • 4.1.1.2. FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Broadband
      • 4.1.1.3. Mobile Networks for Cable Operators & New Entrants
    • 4.1.2. Neutral Host Networks
      • 4.1.2.1. Indoor Spaces
      • 4.1.2.2. Large Public Venues
      • 4.1.2.3. Transport Hubs & Corridors
      • 4.1.2.4. High-Density Urban Settings
      • 4.1.2.5. Remote and Rural Coverage
    • 4.1.3. Private Cellular Networks
      • 4.1.3.1. Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
      • 4.1.3.2. Vertical Industries
        • 4.1.3.2.1. Manufacturing
        • 4.1.3.2.2. Transportation
        • 4.1.3.2.3. Utilities
        • 4.1.3.2.4. Mining
        • 4.1.3.2.5. Oil & Gas
        • 4.1.3.2.6. Healthcare
        • 4.1.3.2.7. Education
        • 4.1.3.2.8. Retail & Hospitality
        • 4.1.3.2.9. Governments & Municipalities
        • 4.1.3.2.10. Other Verticals
  • 4.2. Applications
    • 4.2.1. Mobile Broadband
    • 4.2.2. Home & Business Broadband
    • 4.2.3. Voice & Messaging Services
    • 4.2.4. High-Definition Video Transmission
    • 4.2.5. Telepresence & Video Conferencing
    • 4.2.6. Multimedia Broadcasting & Multicasting
    • 4.2.7. IoT (Internet of Things) Networking
    • 4.2.8. Wireless Connectivity for Wearables
    • 4.2.9. Untethered AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality)
    • 4.2.10. Real-Time Holographic Projections
    • 4.2.11. Tactile Internet & Haptic Feedback
    • 4.2.12. High-Precision Positioning & Tracking
    • 4.2.13. Industrial Automation
    • 4.2.14. Remote Control of Machines
    • 4.2.15. Connected Mobile Robotics
    • 4.2.16. Unmanned & Autonomous Vehicles
    • 4.2.17. BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line-of-Sight) Operation of Drones
    • 4.2.18. Data-Driven Analytics & Insights
    • 4.2.19. Sensor-Equipped Digital Twins
    • 4.2.20. Predictive Maintenance of Equipment

Chapter 5: Unlicensed Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage

  • 5.1. Candidate Frequency Bands for LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum
    • 5.1.1. Sub-1 GHz Bands (470 - 700/800/900 MHz)
    • 5.1.2. 1.8 GHz DECT Guard Band (1780 - 1785 MHz, 1875 - 1880 MHz)
    • 5.1.3. 1.9 GHz sXGP/DECT Band (1880 - 1920 MHz)
    • 5.1.4. 2.4 GHz (2400 - 2483.5 MHz)
    • 5.1.5. 3.5 GHz (3550 - 3700 MHz) CBRS Band
    • 5.1.6. 5 GHz (5150 - 5925 MHz)
    • 5.1.7. 6 GHz (5925 - 7125 MHz)
    • 5.1.8. 57 - 71 GHz
    • 5.1.9. Other Bands
  • 5.2. North America
    • 5.2.1. United States
    • 5.2.2. Canada
  • 5.3. Asia Pacific
    • 5.3.1. Australia
    • 5.3.2. New Zealand
    • 5.3.3. Japan
    • 5.3.4. South Korea
    • 5.3.5. China
    • 5.3.6. Hong Kong
    • 5.3.7. Taiwan
    • 5.3.8. Singapore
    • 5.3.9. Malaysia
    • 5.3.10. Indonesia
    • 5.3.11. Philippines
    • 5.3.12. Thailand
    • 5.3.13. Vietnam
    • 5.3.14. Myanmar
    • 5.3.15. India
    • 5.3.16. Pakistan
    • 5.3.17. Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 5.4. Europe
    • 5.4.1. United Kingdom
    • 5.4.2. Ireland
    • 5.4.3. France
    • 5.4.4. Germany
    • 5.4.5. Belgium
    • 5.4.6. Netherlands
    • 5.4.7. Switzerland
    • 5.4.8. Austria
    • 5.4.9. Italy
    • 5.4.10. Spain
    • 5.4.11. Portugal
    • 5.4.12. Sweden
    • 5.4.13. Norway
    • 5.4.14. Denmark
    • 5.4.15. Finland
    • 5.4.16. Estonia
    • 5.4.17. Czech Republic
    • 5.4.18. Poland
    • 5.4.19. Greece
    • 5.4.20. Turkey
    • 5.4.21. Bulgaria
    • 5.4.22. Romania
    • 5.4.23. Hungary
    • 5.4.24. Slovenia
    • 5.4.25. Serbia
    • 5.4.26. Russia
    • 5.4.27. Rest of Europe
  • 5.5. Middle East & Africa
    • 5.5.1. Saudi Arabia
    • 5.5.2. United Arab Emirates
    • 5.5.3. Qatar
    • 5.5.4. Kuwait
    • 5.5.5. Israel
    • 5.5.6. South Africa
    • 5.5.7. Rest of the Middle East & Africa
  • 5.6. Latin & Central America
    • 5.6.1. Mexico
    • 5.6.2. Brazil
    • 5.6.3. Argentina
    • 5.6.4. Colombia
    • 5.6.5. Chile
    • 5.6.6. Rest of Latin & Central America

Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives

  • 6.1. 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
    • 6.1.1. Releases 8-11: System-Level WLAN Offload
    • 6.1.2. Release 12: RAN Assisted LTE-WLAN Interworking
    • 6.1.3. Release 13: LAA, LWA, LWIP & RCLWI
    • 6.1.4. Release 14: eLAA, eLWA, eLWIP & CBRS Band 48 Support
    • 6.1.5. Release 15: Further Enhancements & LAA/eLAA (Band 49) for CBRS
    • 6.1.6. Release 16: Anchored & Standalone 5G NR-U
    • 6.1.7. Release 17 & Beyond: Future Evolution of 5G NR-U
  • 6.2. ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
    • 6.2.1. IMSI Assignment & Management for CBRS
    • 6.2.2. Additional CBRS-Related Efforts
  • 6.3. CBRS Alliance
    • 6.3.1. OnGo Certification Program for 3.5 GHz CBRS Equipment
    • 6.3.2. CBRS Network Services & Coexistence Specifications
      • 6.3.2.1. Release 1: Baseline Specifications for LTE Systems in the 3.5 GHz Band
      • 6.3.2.2. Release 2: Enhanced Specifications in Preparation for OnGo Commercial Service
      • 6.3.2.3. Release 3: Incorporation of 3GPP's 5G Definitions & Standards in the 3.5 GHz CBRS Band
      • 6.3.2.4. Release Independent Specifications for CBRS Identifiers
  • 6.4. CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
    • 6.4.1. ECC (Electronic Communications Committee): Operational Guidelines & Technical Solutions for Spectrum Sharing in Europe
  • 6.5. CTIA
    • 6.5.1. Product Certification for 3.5 GHz CBRS Equipment
  • 6.6. DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
    • 6.6.1. Advocacy Efforts to Promote Unlicensed & Dynamic Access to Spectrum
  • 6.7. ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
    • 6.7.1. BRAN (Broadband Radio Access Networks) Technical Committee: Harmonized Standards for Wireless Access Systems
      • 6.7.1.1. WSD (White Space Devices) Operating in the 470 - 790 MHz Band
      • 6.7.1.2. 5 GHz RLANs (Radio Local Area Networks)
      • 6.7.1.3. 6 GHz RLANs
      • 6.7.1.4. 60 GHz Multi-Gigabit Wireless Systems
      • 6.7.1.5. Other Relevant Work
  • 6.8. IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
    • 6.8.1. Standards & Protocols for Interworking Between 3GPP & Unlicensed Technologies
  • 6.9. ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector)
    • 6.9.1. International Regulation of Unlicensed Spectrum
  • 6.10. LTE-U Forum
    • 6.10.1. Technical Specifications for LTE-U in Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum
  • 6.11. MulteFire Alliance
    • 6.11.1. Specifications for LTE/5G NR Operation in Unlicensed Spectrum
      • 6.11.1.1. Release 1.0: LTE Operation in the Unlicensed 5 GHz Band
      • 6.11.1.2. Release 1.1: Support for Industrial IoT & Sub-1/1.9/2.4 GHz Spectrum Bands
    • 6.11.2. MulteFire Certification Program
  • 6.12. NGMN Alliance
    • 6.12.1. Unlicensed Spectrum-Related Activates
  • 6.13. ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
    • 6.13.1. Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum Support in the Aether 5G/LTE ECaaS (Edge-Cloud-as-a-Service) Platform
  • 6.14. Small Cell Forum
    • 6.14.1. Work Related to License-Exempt & Shared Spectrum Small Cells
  • 6.15. WhiteSpace Alliance
    • 6.15.1. Promoting the Use of 3GPP, IEEE & IETF Standards for TVWS Spectrum
  • 6.16. WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
    • 6.16.1. SSC (Spectrum Sharing Committee): CBRS Standards
      • 6.16.1.1. Release 1: CBRS Baseline Standards
      • 6.16.1.2. Release 2: Enhancements to CBRS Baseline Standards
      • 6.16.1.3. Administration of Root Certificate Authority, Professional Installer Training & CBSD Certification Programs
    • 6.16.2. 6MSC (6 GHz Multi-Stakeholder Planning Committee)
    • 6.16.3. Other Committees
  • 6.17. XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum
    • 6.17.1. Development & Promotion of the sXGP Unlicensed LTE Service
  • 6.18. Others
    • 6.18.1. National Government Agencies & Regulators
    • 6.18.2. Vertical Industry Associations
    • 6.18.3. Non-3GPP Technology Alliances

Chapter 7: Case Studies of Unlicensed Spectrum Deployments

  • 7.1. AT&T: Tapping Unlicensed Spectrum for Mobile Network Densification & FWA
    • 7.1.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.1.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.1.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.2. BBB (BB Backbone Corporation): 1.9 GHz sXGP-Based Private LTE Network Platform
    • 7.2.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.2.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.2.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.3. BYD SkyRail: Unlicensed 5 GHz Wireless System for Railway Communications
    • 7.3.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.3.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.3.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.4. Chunghwa Telecom: Utilizing Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum to Enhance Mobile Broadband Experience
    • 7.4.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.4.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.4.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.5. Dallas Love Field Airport: Private LTE Network for Internal Operations & Passenger Experience
    • 7.5.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.5.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.5.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.6. Gogo: Capitalizing on Unlicensed 2.4 GHz Spectrum for LTE/5G-Ready A2G (Air-to-Ground) Network
    • 7.6.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.6.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.6.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.7. Memorial Health System: LTE-Based CBRS Network to Support COVID-19 Response Efforts
    • 7.7.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.7.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.7.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.8. Midco (Midcontinent Communications): Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum for Rural Broadband Connectivity
    • 7.8.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.8.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.8.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.9. MTS (Mobile TeleSystems): Delivering Gigabit-Grade LTE Services Using LAA Technology
    • 7.9.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.9.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.9.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.10. Murray City School District: LTE-Based Private CBRS Network for K-12 Education
    • 7.10.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.10.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.10.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.11. NetCity (GEOS Telecom): Unlicensed Sub-1 GHz LTE Network for AMI (Advanced Metering Infrastructure)
    • 7.11.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.11.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.11.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.12. Ocado: Custom-Built LTE Network Over Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum for Warehouse Automation
    • 7.12.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.12.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.12.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.13. RCI (Rural Cloud Initiative): Building the Farm of the Future With CBRS Spectrum
    • 7.13.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.13.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.13.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.14. SmarTone: Effectively Managing Traffic Surges With Strategically Located LAA Small Cells
    • 7.14.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.14.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.14.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.15. URSYS: Bringing Cellular Connectivity to Rural Areas and Outlying Regions With Unlicensed Spectrum
    • 7.15.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.15.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.15.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.16. Verizon Communications: Exploiting 5 GHz & 3.5 GHz CBRS Spectrum to Address Capacity Demands
    • 7.16.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.16.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.16.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.17. Vodacom Group: Employing Unlicensed 5 GHz Spectrum To Improve LTE Network Capacity & Performance
    • 7.17.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.17.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.17.3. Deployment Summary
  • 7.18. Yangshan Port: Unlicensed 5 GHz LTE Network for Automated Container Terminal Operations
    • 7.18.1. Spectrum Type
    • 7.18.2. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 7.18.3. Deployment Summary

Chapter 8: Market Sizing & Forecasts

  • 8.1. Global Outlook for LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum
  • 8.2. Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
    • 8.2.1. Unlicensed LTE
    • 8.2.2. 5G NR-U
  • 8.3. Segmentation by Mode of Operation
    • 8.3.1. Standalone
    • 8.3.2. LAA
  • 8.4. Segmentation by Cell Type
    • 8.4.1. Indoor Small Cells
    • 8.4.2. Outdoor Small Cells
  • 8.5. Segmentation by Frequency Band
    • 8.5.1. Sub-1 GHz
    • 8.5.2. 1.9 GHz sXGP
    • 8.5.3. 2.4 GHz
    • 8.5.4. 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA
    • 8.5.5. 5 GHz
    • 8.5.6. 6 GHz
    • 8.5.7. Higher Frequencies
  • 8.6. Segmentation by Use Case
    • 8.6.1. Mobile Network Densification
    • 8.6.2. FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
    • 8.6.3. Cable Operators & New Entrants
    • 8.6.4. Neutral Hosts
    • 8.6.5. Private Cellular Networks
      • 8.6.5.1. Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
      • 8.6.5.2. Vertical Industries
  • 8.7. Regional Outlook
    • 8.7.1. North America
    • 8.7.2. Asia Pacific
    • 8.7.3. Europe
    • 8.7.4. Middle East & Africa
    • 8.7.5. Latin & Central America

Chapter 9: Key Ecosystem Players

  • 9.1. 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • 9.2. ABiT Corporation
  • 9.3. Accelleran
  • 9.4. Accuver (InnoWireless)
  • 9.5. ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
  • 9.6. Affirmed Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
  • 9.7. Airgain
  • 9.8. Airspan Networks
  • 9.9. Airtower Networks
  • 9.10. Airwavz Solutions
  • 9.11. Akoustis Technologies
  • 9.12. Alef Edge
  • 9.13. Allen Vanguard Wireless
  • 9.14. Alpha Wireless
  • 9.15. Altiostar Networks
  • 9.16. Altran
  • 9.17. Amazon
  • 9.18. Amdocs
  • 9.19. American Tower Corporation
  • 9.20. Amit Wireless
  • 9.21. Anritsu Corporation
  • 9.22. ANS (Advanced Network Services)
  • 9.23. Antenna Company
  • 9.24. Anterix
  • 9.25. Apple
  • 9.26. Artemis Networks (Rearden)
  • 9.27. ASOCS
  • 9.28. ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • 9.29. ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)/Askey Computer Corporation
  • 9.30. Athonet
  • 9.31. ATN International
  • 9.32. AttoCore
  • 9.33. Axell Wireless
  • 9.34. Azcom Technology
  • 9.35. BAI Communications/Transit Wireless
  • 9.36. Baicells Technologies
  • 9.37. Ballast Networks
  • 9.38. BearCom
  • 9.39. BEC Technologies
  • 9.40. Benetel
  • 9.41. Billion Electric
  • 9.42. Black Box Corporation
  • 9.43. Blackned
  • 9.44. Blue Arcus Technologies
  • 9.45. Blue Danube Systems
  • 9.46. Boingo Wireless
  • 9.47. Branch Communications
  • 9.48. BTI Wireless
  • 9.49. Bureau Veritas/7Layers
  • 9.50. BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
  • 9.51. CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
  • 9.52. CableLabs/Kyrio
  • 9.53. Cambium Networks
  • 9.54. Cambridge Consultants
  • 9.55. Carlson Wireless Technologies
  • 9.56. Casa Systems
  • 9.57. CCI (Communication Components Inc.)/BLiNQ Networks
  • 9.58. CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
  • 9.59. CellAntenna Corporation
  • 9.60. cellXica
  • 9.61. Celona
  • 9.62. Centerline Communications
  • 9.63. CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group
  • 9.64. Cisco Systems
  • 9.65. ClearSky Technologies
  • 9.66. Codium Networks
  • 9.67. Comba Telecom
  • 9.68. CommAgility (Wireless Telecom Group)
  • 9.69. CommScope/Ruckus Networks
  • 9.70. Compal
  • 9.71. COMSovereign
  • 9.72. Connectivity Wireless Solutions (M/C Partners)
  • 9.73. Contela
  • 9.74. Corning
  • 9.75. Council Rock
  • 9.76. Cradlepoint (Ericsson)
  • 9.77. Crown Castle International Corporation
  • 9.78. CTS (Communication Technology Services)
  • 9.79. Dali Wireless
  • 9.80. Dejero Labs
  • 9.81. DEKRA
  • 9.82. Dell Technologies
  • 9.83. Digi International
  • 9.84. Digicert
  • 9.85. DKK (Denki Kogyo)
  • 9.86. Druid Software
  • 9.87. EION Wireless
  • 9.88. Encore Networks
  • 9.89. Ericsson
  • 9.90. ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • 9.91. EXFO
  • 9.92. ExteNet Systems (Digital Colony)
  • 9.93. Facebook
  • 9.94. Fairspectrum
  • 9.95. FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)/JEMS (Japan EM Solutions)
  • 9.96. Federated Wireless
  • 9.97. Fibrolan
  • 9.98. FreedomFi
  • 9.99. FRTek
  • 9.100. Fujitsu
  • 9.101. Future Technologies Venture
  • 9.102. GCT Semiconductor
  • 9.103. GE (General Electric)
  • 9.104. Gemtek Technology
  • 9.105. Geoverse (ATN International)
  • 9.106. Getac Technology Corporation
  • 9.107. Goodman Networks
  • 9.108. Google (Alphabet)
  • 9.109. Granite Telecommunications
  • 9.110. Green Packet
  • 9.111. HCL Technologies
  • 9.112. HFR
  • 9.113. Hitachi Kokusai Electric
  • 9.114. Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn Technology Group)
  • 9.115. HP
  • 9.116. HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • 9.117. Huawei
  • 9.118. Huber+Suhner
  • 9.119. iBwave Solutions (Corning)
  • 9.120. Infomark Corporation
  • 9.121. Infosys
  • 9.122. Infovista
  • 9.123. Innonet
  • 9.124. Inseego Corporation
  • 9.125. Insta Group
  • 9.126. Intel Corporation
  • 9.127. Intenna Systems
  • 9.128. InterDigital
  • 9.129. IoT4Net
  • 9.130. ip.access (Mavenir Systems)
  • 9.131. IPLOOK Networks
  • 9.132. iPosi
  • 9.133. Jaton Technology
  • 9.134. JCI (Japan Communications Inc.)/Contour Networks
  • 9.135. JIT (JI Technology)
  • 9.136. JMA Wireless
  • 9.137. JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • 9.138. Juni Global
  • 9.139. Kajeet
  • 9.140. Key Bridge Wireless
  • 9.141. Keysight Technologies
  • 9.142. Kisan Telecom
  • 9.143. KLA Laboratories
  • 9.144. Kleos
  • 9.145. KMW
  • 9.146. KORE Wireless
  • 9.147. Kyocera Corporation
  • 9.148. Landmark Dividend
  • 9.149. Lekha Wireless Solutions
  • 9.150. Lemko Corporation
  • 9.151. Lenovo/Motorola Mobility
  • 9.152. LG Electronics
  • 9.153. Lime Microsystems
  • 9.154. Lindsay Broadband
  • 9.155. Linx Technologies
  • 9.156. LS telcom
  • 9.157. Maven Wireless
  • 9.158. Mavenir Systems
  • 9.159. Metaswitch Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
  • 9.160. Metro Network Services
  • 9.161. MiCOM Labs
  • 9.162. Microlab
  • 9.163. Microsoft Corporation
  • 9.164. MitraStar Technology (Unizyx Holding Corporation)
  • 9.165. Mobile Mark
  • 9.166. Mobilitie
  • 9.167. Motorola Solutions
  • 9.168. MRT Technology (Suzhou)
  • 9.169. MSB (M S Benbow & Associates)
  • 9.170. MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
  • 9.171. MTI Wireless Edge
  • 9.172. Multi-Tech Systems
  • 9.173. NEC Corporation
  • 9.174. Nemko
  • 9.175. Netgear
  • 9.176. NetNumber
  • 9.177. Netvision Telecom
  • 9.178. NewEdge Signal Solutions
  • 9.179. Nextivity
  • 9.180. Node-H
  • 9.181. Nokia
  • 9.182. Nominet
  • 9.183. Nsight Telservices
  • 9.184. NuRAN Wireless/Nutaq Innovation
  • 9.185. Oceus Networks
  • 9.186. Octasic
  • 9.187. OPPO/Vivo/OnePlus/Realme (BBK Electronics Corporation)
  • 9.188. Oracle Communications
  • 9.189. Panasonic Corporation
  • 9.190. Panorama Antennas
  • 9.191. Parallel Wireless
  • 9.192. Parsec Technologies
  • 9.193. Pavlov Media
  • 9.194. PCTEL
  • 9.195. PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory)
  • 9.196. Pierson Wireless
  • 9.197. Pivot Technology Services
  • 9.198. Pivotal Commware
  • 9.199. Polaris Networks
  • 9.200. Potevio
  • 9.201. QuadGen Wireless Solutions
  • 9.202. Qualcomm
  • 9.203. Quantum Wireless
  • 9.204. Qucell (InnoWireless)
  • 9.205. Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • 9.206. Qulsar
  • 9.207. Quortus
  • 9.208. Radisys Corporation (Reliance Industries)
  • 9.209. Ranplan Wireless
  • 9.210. Raycap
  • 9.211. RED Technologies
  • 9.212. Redline Communications
  • 9.213. RF Connect
  • 9.214. RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • 9.215. Rivada Networks
  • 9.216. RKTPL (RK Telesystem Private Limited)
  • 9.217. Rohde & Schwarz
  • 9.218. RuggON Corporation
  • 9.219. Saankhya Labs
  • 9.220. SAC Wireless (Nokia)
  • 9.221. Samsung
  • 9.222. Sanjole
  • 9.223. SBA Communications Corporation
  • 9.224. Select Spectrum
  • 9.225. Seowon Intech
  • 9.226. Sequans Communications
  • 9.227. Sercomm Corporation
  • 9.228. SGS
  • 9.229. Shanghai Smawave Technology
  • 9.230. Sharp Corporation/Dynabook (Foxconn)
  • 9.231. Siemens
  • 9.232. Sierra Wireless
  • 9.233. Sivers IMA
  • 9.234. Smart City Networks
  • 9.235. SOLiD
  • 9.236. Sony Corporation
  • 9.237. Spectrum Effect
  • 9.238. Spirent Communications
  • 9.239. Sporton International
  • 9.240. SQUAN
  • 9.241. SSC (Shared Spectrum Company)
  • 9.242. Star Solutions
  • 9.243. STEP CG
  • 9.244. STL (Sterlite Technologies Ltd)
  • 9.245. Sunwave Communications
  • 9.246. SureSite Consulting Group
  • 9.247. Suzhou Aquila Solutions (Aquila Wireless)
  • 9.248. Syniverse Technologies
  • 9.249. T&W (Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics)
  • 9.250. Tait Communications
  • 9.251. Tango Networks
  • 9.252. Taoglas
  • 9.253. Teal Communications
  • 9.254. Tecore Networks
  • 9.255. Telewave
  • 9.256. Teleworld Solutions
  • 9.257. Telit Communications
  • 9.258. Telrad Networks
  • 9.259. Telsasoft
  • 9.260. Tessares
  • 9.261. TESSCO Technologies
  • 9.262. ThinkRF
  • 9.263. Tilson
  • 9.264. TLC Solutions
  • 9.265. TÜV SÜD
  • 9.266. Ubicquia
  • 9.267. UL
  • 9.268. Valid8
  • 9.269. Vapor IO
  • 9.270. Vertical Bridge (Digital Colony)
  • 9.271. Verveba Telecom
  • 9.272. Viavi Solutions
  • 9.273. Virtual Network Communications (COMSovereign)
  • 9.274. Wave Wireless
  • 9.275. Wavesight
  • 9.276. Westell Technologies
  • 9.277. Widelity
  • 9.278. Wilson Electronics
  • 9.279. Wilus
  • 9.280. WIN Connectivity (Wireless Information Networks)
  • 9.281. Winncom Technologies
  • 9.282. WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • 9.283. Wytec International
  • 9.284. Zebra Technologies
  • 9.285. ZenFi Networks
  • 9.286. Zinwave (McWane)
  • 9.287. Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
  • 9.288. ZTE
  • 9.289. Zyxel Communications (Unizyx Holding Corporation)

Chapter 10: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations

  • 10.1. Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
  • 10.2. Future Roadmap: 2020 - 2030
    • 10.2.1. 2020 - 2024: Steady Growth of 5 GHz LAA, 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA & 1.9 GHz sXGP Deployments
    • 10.2.2. 2025 - 2029: Commercial Maturity of 5G NR-U for Industrial IoT Requirements
    • 10.2.3. 2030 & Beyond: Mass-Market Adoption of Unlicensed Cellular Networks
  • 10.3. Which Unlicensed Frequency Bands Will Dominate the Market?
  • 10.4. Leveraging 6 GHz Greenfield Spectrum for 5G NR-U Deployments
  • 10.5. Outlook for 60 GHz & Higher Frequencies
  • 10.6. Is Wi-Fi 6 a Threat to 5G NR-U?
  • 10.7. Densification of Mobile Operator Networks in the 5G Era
  • 10.8. The Emergence of New Entrants in the Cellular Industry
  • 10.9. Private Cellular Networks for Industrial IoT
  • 10.10. COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact on Unlicensed Spectrum Deployments
  • 10.11. Strategic Recommendations
    • 10.11.1. LTE/5G Equipment Suppliers & System Integrators
    • 10.11.2. Mobile Operators, Neutral Hosts & Other Service Providers
    • 10.11.3. Enterprises & Vertical Industries

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: The Value Chain of LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum
  • Figure 2: Anchored & Standalone NR-U
  • Figure 3: CBRS Tiers of Authorization
  • Figure 4: MPTCP (Multipath TCP) Proxy-Based Aggregation
  • Figure 5: 3.5 GHz CBRS Three-Tiered Shared Spectrum in the United States
  • Figure 6: Unlicensed Spectrum Technology Standardization in 3GPP Releases 8 - 17
  • Figure 7: WInnForum's CBRS Standards
  • Figure 8: IoT Services Over BBB's sXGP-Based Private LTE Network Platform
  • Figure 9: Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Use in Gogo's ATG (Air-to-Ground) Network
  • Figure 10: Ocado's 4G-Based Wireless Control System for Warehouse Automation
  • Figure 11: Verizon's Spectrum Portfolio
  • Figure 12: Yangshan Port's Unlicensed 5.8 GHz LTE Network
  • Figure 13: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 14: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 15: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 16: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 17: Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 18: Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 19: 5G NR-U Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 20: 5G NR-U Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 21: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments by Mode of Operation: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 22: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Mode of Operation: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 23: Standalone Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 24: Standalone Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 25: LAA Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 26: LAA Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 27: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments by Cell Type: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 28: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Type: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 29: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 30: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 31: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 32: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 33: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments by Frequency Band: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 34: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Frequency Band: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 35: Sub-1 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 36: Sub-1 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 37: 1.9 GHz sXGP Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 38: 1.9 GHz sXGP Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 39: 2.4 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 40: 2.4 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 41: 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 42: 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 43: 5 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 44: 5 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 45: 6 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 46: 6 GHz Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 47: Higher Frequency Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 48: Higher Frequency Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 49: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 50: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 51: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for Mobile Network Densification: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 52: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Mobile Network Densification: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 53: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for FWA: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 54: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for FWA: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 55: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for Cable Operators & New Entrants: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 56: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Cable Operators & New Entrants: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 57: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for Neutral Hosts: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 58: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Neutral Hosts: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 59: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for Private Cellular Networks: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 60: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Private Cellular Networks: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 61: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 62: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 63: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments for Vertical Industries: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 64: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue for Vertical Industries: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 65: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 66: Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 67: North America Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 68: North America Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 69: Asia Pacific Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 70: Asia Pacific Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 71: Europe Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 72: Europe Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 73: Middle East & Africa Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 74: Middle East & Africa Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 75: Latin & Central America Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 76: Latin & Central America Unlicensed Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 77: Future Roadmap for LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum: 2020 - 2030
  • Figure 78: Distribution of Unlicensed LTE & 5G NR Small Cell Shipments by Frequency Band: 2020 - 2023 (%)