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電動車 (EV) 用電池電池單元,模組,及電池組的最近的技術課題及EV的全球市場預測

EV Cell, Module & Pack's Recent Technical Issues and EV Market Forecast

出版商 SNE Research 商品編碼 344387
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 261 Pages
商品交期: 請詢問到貨日

Notice: The original report is written in Korean. Please ask us for more information regarding delivery time.

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電動車 (EV) 用電池電池單元,模組,及電池組的最近的技術課題及EV的全球市場預測 EV Cell, Module & Pack's Recent Technical Issues and EV Market Forecast
出版日期: 2015年10月13日 內容資訊: 英文 261 Pages

EV (電動車) 的全球市場HEV、PHEV,及BEV的各類型台數合計已經超過200萬台,今後整體也將迅速成長,到2020年各年的年複合成長率預計為28%。2020年EV的台數預計達到850萬台,以此為背景,EV用二次電池市場也將急速擴大,持續發展。


第1章 序論

  • 過去的EV商務失敗的原因
  • EV時代的來到
  • 電池技術的進步

第2章 EV電池的現狀

  • 市場上的EV及EV電池
    • EV
    • EV電池
  • 開發藍圖為基礎電池的課題
    • 課題1) 能量密度
    • 課題2) 價格
    • 課題3) 安全性
    • 課題4) 低溫時的性能
    • 課題5) 長期可靠性

第3章 EV電池的解決方案

  • 能量密度
    • 陽極材
    • 陰極材
    • 其他的材料
  • 電池類型
    • 角柱狀鋰離子電池
    • 鋰聚合物電池
  • 電池價格
    • EV電池原料成本預算
    • EV電池製造成本預算
    • EV電池組價格預算
  • 電池的安全性
  • EV電池組結構
  • 電池的熱控制
    • 電池的發熱模式
    • 熱控制的電池形狀選擇
    • 採用了氣冷溫度管理系統的電池組
    • 採用了水冷溫度管理系統的電池組
  • 電池管理系統
    • 電池平衡功能,即同等化功能
    • 電流及電壓監測
  • 未來的EV用新型電池
    • 鋰空氣電池
    • 鋰硫電池
    • 全固體電池

第4章 EV製造商的評估方法

  • 主要的汽車廠商的新技術開發過程
    • EV電池的輸出檢測方法
    • HPPC的輸出預測方法
    • J-Pulse的輸出預測方法
  • 汽車製造商電池評估項目及評估方法
    • 汽車製造商電池性能評估方法
    • 汽車製造商電池耐用性評估方法

第5章 EV電池研究開發現狀

  • 韓國
  • 日本
  • 美國
  • 其他

第6章 EV電池製造企業技術開發及商務趨勢

  • 韓國
  • 日本
  • 美國
  • 中國
  • 其他

第7章 EV的需求預測

  • 各技術的EV市場預測 (2011∼2020年)
    • 各技術方式 (HEV/PHEV/EV) 的EV市場預測
  • 各主要國家的EV市場預測 (2011∼2020年)
    • 美國
    • 日本
    • 歐洲
    • 中國
    • 韓國

第8章 EV電池的需求預測

  • EV電池市場預測 (2011∼2020年)
    • 各技術方式 (HEV/PHEV/EV) 的電池市場預測
    • 各類型 (Cy/Pr/Po) 的電池市場預測
    • 各製造廠商的電池市場預測
  • EV電池的價格預測 (2011∼2020年)
    • 電池電池單元價格
    • 電池組價格

Due to depletion of fossil fuels and environmental regulations such as control of greenhouse gas emissions, the electric vehicle market is gradually expanding with the help of automobiles that are environmentally friendly compared to internal combustion automobiles and that have excellent accelerating performances. Secondary batteries that are used the most for EVs have changed from lead storage cells, Ni-MH cells, to Li-ion cells. Usage for Li-ion cells have already expanded to portable power units and also expanding to medium to large secondary batteries for EVs, and they are regarded as a battery that is the most widely used and with the most applicability. The market for EV secondary batteries is rapidly growing and since Korea is one of the leaders in the market, there are high expectations for domestic industry growth.

According to a Korean market research firm SNE Research, the global EV market volume has exceeded 2 million vehicles including all types like HEV, PHEV, and BEV, and is expected to exceed 8.5 million by 2020. Among different types of EVs, sales of PHEVs and BEVs especially are expected to grow 62.4% and 59.8% yearly on average respectively until 2020, and to lead the sales increase of all EVs. In contrast, sales of HEVs are expected to negatively grow -2% yearly on average. However, in total the EV market is expected to grow 28% yearly on average until 2020.

Currently the global EV market is led by American and Japanese producers, but recently the market is expanding due to aggressive EV developments of European and Chinese producers. The competition in the market is intensifying among American producers like GM, Ford, Chrysler, Tesla, Japanese producers like Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, European producers like BMW, Damiler, VW, Renault, Volvo, and Chinese producers like BYD and SAIC. In the early phase of the EV market, producers that specialize in EVs like Tesla led the market, but since 2015 large automobile companies have been active in the market, and it is expected that they will gradually become major influencers in the market.

The most important issues in EV battery development are energy density, price, safety, performance in low temperature, and long term reliability. The EV battery development roadmap states that element technologies for battery performance increase are anode and cathode material, electrolyte material and energy storage technologies, and the roadmap also provides directions for technological developments comprehensively. Also, the roadmap has included mileage, battery weight, capacity, and price as indices for battery powered EVs and has been written so that the reader will be able to judge how battery technology development affects vehicle performance improvements. Further, it includes research plans for various next generation battery systems, energy density of which is expected to rapidly improve in medium to long term.

Since Li-ion batteries have energy density that is superior to that of existing secondary batteries and produce large output, they can be used for EVs and electric tools. Also, they can be charged quickly and maintain lifespan after a few hundred cycles. Because the lifespan can be increased to more than 10 years, they can be used for EVs and currently applied to HEVs and PHEVs in the market. Areas that need additional design considerations are cycle characteristics, safety, and insulation, and also weight reduction of components for energy density improvements. Furthermore, because large-sized batteries are used in very high currents of 100 to 300A compared to small batteries, structure and design of terminals suitable for high currents and welding process of foil that is the whole house and terminals should be considered as important factors. Designs that consider protection against heat from rapid charge and discharge were not considered for small batteries, but they are very important factors for medium to large batteries.

SNE Research reviewed the issues regarding the EV batteries, technically analyzed forms of each parts, prices, structures of EV cell module packs, and conducted market research including battery evaluation method of EV producers, research and development trends of major countries, and technological developments and businesses of battery producers. Through these, SNE Research analyzed demands and prices of EVs and EV batteries henceforth until 2020. Readers will be able to check current EV battery technologies and prices, and global EV sales and market prospects from this report.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

  • 1.1 Cause of Past EV Failures
  • 1.2 Advent of the EV era
  • 1.3 Advancement of Battery Technologies

2. Current State of EV Batteries

  • 2.1. EVs and EV Batteries in the Market
    • 2.2.1. EVs
    • 2.2.2. EV Batteries
  • 2.2. Issues that come with Batteries According to the Roadmap
    • 2.2.1. Issue 1) Energy Density
    • 2.2.2. Issue 2) Price
    • 2.2.3. Issue 3) Safety
    • 2.2.4. Issue 4) Low Temperature Performance
    • 2.2.5. Issue 5) Long-term Reliability

3. EV Battery Solutions

  • 3.1. Energy Density
    • 3.1.1. Anode
    • 3.1.2. Cathode
    • 3.1.3. Other Materials
  • 3.2. Battery Types
    • 3.2.1. Prismatic Li-ion Battery
    • 3.2.2. Lithium Polymer Battery
  • 3.3. Battery Prices
    • 3.3.1. Estimates of EV Battery Raw Material Costs
    • 3.3.2. Estimates of EV Battery Manufacturing Process Costs
    • 3.3.3. Estimates of EV Battery Pack Prices
  • 3.4. Battery Safety
  • 3.5. Structure of EV Battery Packs
  • 3.6. Battery Heat Control
    • 3.6.1. Heating Model of Batteries
    • 3.6.2. Measures for Form Selection of Batteries for Heat Control
    • 3.6.3. Battery Packs that Use Air-Cooling Thermal Management System
    • 3.6.4 Battery Packs that Use Water-Cooling Thermal Management System
  • 3.7. Battery Management System
    • 3.7.1. Cell Balancing or Equalization Function
    • 3.7.2. Current and Voltage Monitoring
  • 3.8. New Batteries for Future Vehicles
    • 3.8.1. Lithium Air Battery
    • 3.8.2. Lithium Sulfur Battery
    • 3.8.3. All Solid State Battery

4. Evaluation Methods of EV Producers

  • 4.1. New Technology Development Processes of Major Automobile Manufacturers
    • 4.1.1. Output Measurement Method for EV Batteries
    • 4.1.2. Output Prediction Method through HPPC
    • 4.1.3. Output Prediction Method through J-Pulse
  • 4.2. Battery Evaluation Items and Methods of Automobile Manufacturers
    • 4.2.1. Battery Performance Evaluation Methods of Automobile Manufacturers
    • 4.2.2. Battery Durability Evaluation Methods of Automobile Manufacturers

5. Current State of EV Battery Research and Development

  • 5.1. Korea
  • 5.2. Japan
  • 5.3. United States
  • 5.4. Others

6. Trends of Technology Developments and Businesses of EV Battery Producers

  • 6.1. Korea
    • 6.1.1. LG Chemicals
    • 6.1.2. Samsung SDI
    • 6.1.3. SK Innovation
    • 6.1.4. Kokam
  • 6.2. Japan
    • 6.2.1. Sanyo
    • 6.2.2. Toshiba
    • 6.2.3. GS Yuasa
    • 6.2.4. Primearth EV Energy Co
    • 6.2.5. Hitachi Automotive System
    • 6.2.6. AESC
  • 6.3. United States
    • 6.3.1. Tesla
    • 6.3.2. EnerDel
    • 6.3.3. A123systems
    • 6.3.4. Litec
    • 6.3.5. Johnson Controls
    • 6.3.6. XALT Energy (former Dow Kokam)
    • 6.3.7. Boston Power
  • 6.4. China
    • 6.4.1. BYD
    • 6.4.2. Lishen
    • 6.4.3. China BAK Battery Inc
    • 6.4.4. ATL
  • 6.5 Others
    • 6.5.1. Saft
    • 6.5.2. Gaia
    • 6.5.3. Electrovaya
    • 6.5.4. Magna
    • 6.5.5. EIG
    • 6.5.6. Seeo
    • 6.5.7. Valence Technology
    • 6.5.8. Altair Nanotechnologies
    • 6.5.9. GP Batteries International Ltd
    • 6.5.10. International Battery
    • 6.5.11. K2 Energy
    • 6.5.12. Maxell Technologies

7. Demand Forecast of EVs

  • 7.1. Market Forecast of EVs by Technologies (2011~2020)
    • 7.1.1. Market Forecast by Technologies (HEV/PHEV/EV)
    • 7.1.2. EV Market Forecast by Technologies
  • 7.2. Forecasts of EV Markets (2011~2020)
    • 7.2.1. United States
    • 7.2.2. Japan
    • 7.2.3. Europe
    • 7.2.4. China
    • 7.2.5. Korea

8. Demand Forecasts of EV Batteries

  • 8.1. Forecast of EV Battery Market (2011~2020)
    • 8.1.1. Forecast of Battery Market by Technologies (HEV/PHEV/EV)
    • 8.1.2. Forecast of Battery Market by Types (Cy/Pr/Po)
    • 8.1.3. Forecast of Battery Market by Producers
  • 8.2. Forecast of EV Battery Prices (2011~2020)
    • 8.2.1. Prices of Battery Cells
    • 8.2.2. Prices of Battery Packs
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