市場調查報告書

DC/DC轉換器 - 全球市場預測(2018年∼2027年)

DC-DC Converter - Global Market Outlook (2018-2027)

出版商 Stratistics Market Research Consulting 商品編碼 911726
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 142 Pages
商品交期: 2-3個工作天內
價格
DC/DC轉換器 - 全球市場預測(2018年∼2027年) DC-DC Converter - Global Market Outlook (2018-2027)
出版日期: 2019年09月01日內容資訊: 英文 142 Pages
簡介

全球DC/DC轉換器市場在2018年估算為64億3,000萬美元,在預測期間預計將以19.5%的年複合成長率發展,至2027年成長到319億8,000萬美元的規模。

本報告提供全球DC/DC轉換器市場調查,市場概要,各類型、輸入電壓、輸出數、輸出電壓、銷售管道、輸出、轉換器、尺寸規格、產品、用途、終端用戶、地區的市場規模的變化與預測,市場成長要素及阻礙因素分析,市場成長要素及阻礙因素分析,競爭情形,主要企業的簡介等全面性資訊。<.p>

目錄

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 序文

第3章 市場趨勢分析

  • 簡介
  • 成長要素
  • 阻礙因素
  • 市場機會
  • 威脅
  • 產品分析
  • 用途分析
  • 終端用戶分析
  • 新興市場
  • 未來的市場方案

第4章 波特的五力分析

  • 買方議價能力
  • 供給企業談判力
  • 新加入業者的威脅
  • 替代品的威脅
  • 競爭企業間的敵對關係

第5章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各類型

  • 簡介
  • 1100W
  • 600W
  • 300W
  • 其他

第6章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各輸入電壓

  • 簡介
  • 76v 以上
  • 3v∼14v
  • 36v∼75v
  • 15v∼35v

第7章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各輸出數

  • 簡介
  • 三相
  • 多相
  • 二相
  • 單相

第8章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各輸出電壓

  • 簡介
  • 15V
  • 3.3V
  • 24v 以上
  • 12V
  • 5V
  • 其他

第9章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各銷售管道

  • 簡介
  • 間接銷售
  • 直銷

第10章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各輸出功率

  • 簡介
  • 250W∼500W
  • 0.25W∼250W
  • 1000W
  • 500W∼1000W

第11章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各轉換器類型

  • 簡介
  • 升壓轉換器
  • 升降壓轉換器
  • 降壓轉換器
  • 其他

第12章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各尺寸規格

  • 簡介
  • 四分之一磚
  • 8磚
  • 16磚
  • 半磚
  • 全磚

第13章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各產品

  • 簡介
  • 非絕緣
  • 絕緣

第14章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各用途

  • 簡介
  • 通訊
  • 導航
  • 電子照相
  • 科學研究
  • 噴墨
  • 遙感探測
  • 直接熱感
  • 監視
  • 熱傳達

第15章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各終端用戶

  • 簡介
  • 能源、電力
  • 視聽
  • 伺服器、儲存、網路
  • 運輸
  • 醫療
  • 伺服器、資料儲存
  • 鐵路
  • 家電
  • 製造
  • 航太、防衛
    • 衛星
    • 無人飛機(UAV)
    • 飛機
  • 工業機器人
  • IT、通訊
  • 汽車
    • 電動車(EVS)
    • 燃料電池汽車(FCV)
    • 插電式混合型電動車(PHEV)
    • 混合電動車(HEV)
  • 其他

第16章 全球DC/DC轉換器市場:各地區

  • 簡介
  • 北美
    • 美國
    • 加拿大
    • 墨西哥
  • 歐洲
    • 德國
    • 英國
    • 義大利
    • 法國
    • 西班牙
    • 其他
  • 亞太地區
    • 日本
    • 中國
    • 印度
    • 澳洲
    • 紐西蘭
    • 韓國
    • 其他
  • 南美
    • 阿根廷
    • 巴西
    • 智利
    • 其他
  • 中東、非洲
    • 沙烏地阿拉伯
    • 阿拉伯聯合大公國
    • 卡達
    • 南非
    • 其他

第17章 主要開發趨勢

  • 契約、夥伴關係、合作、合資企業
  • 收購、合併
  • 新產品的銷售
  • 擴張
  • 其他主要策略

第18章 企業簡介

  • Flex Ltd.
  • Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.
  • Infineon Technologies AG
  • 村田製作所
  • TDK拉姆達
  • FDK Corporation
  • Delta Electronics, Inc.
  • Recom Power GmbH
  • Artesyn Embedded Technologies
  • Stmicroelectronics
  • Texas Instruments Incorporated.
  • BEL Fuse Inc.
  • Vicor Corporation
  • Crane Aerospace & Electronics
  • Traco Electronics AG
目錄

According to Stratistics MRC, the DC-DC Converter market accounted for $6.43 billion in 2018 and is expected to reach $31.98 billion by 2027 growing at a CAGR of 19.5% during the forecast period. Some of the key factors such as rising adoption of environment-friendly electric vehicles and increase in number of data centers across the globe are driving the market growth. Moreover, advancement of these converters with high switching frequencies and increased demand for these converters that are digital power-based will provide ample opportunities for the growth of the market. However, regulations and safety standards that vary from country to country may hinder the market growth.

A DC-DC converter is an electromechanical gadget that changes direct current (DC) source from one voltage level then onto the next. In majority of the appliances, where a steady voltage is required a DC power supply is utilized. Power ranges from exceptionally low to very high in DC-DC converter. They are utilized in several devices such as PC's, laptop, mobile phone; spacecraft power systems, transports, and lighting frameworks among others. The power is basically provided to device through batteries. These devices are associated with batteries where the client requires voltage level interpretation.

By form factor, sixteen brick segment is going to have a lucrative growth during the forecast period. The demand for this segment is increasing due to a surge in the mid-range IT & communications, and process control, & automation power applications that are moving from multiple-output power modules to completely directed intermediate bus converters, and which require compact DC-DC converter that save space for core components.

By geography, Asia-Pacific is going to have a lucrative growth during the forecast period. The telecom industry in APAC countries like China, Japan South Korea, and Singapore are concentrating on upgrading their network infrastructure for boosting 5G framework, which will boost the demand for 5G-enabled devices thus, drive the market growth in this region.

Some of the key players in this market include Flex Ltd., Asea Brown Boveri Ltd., Infineon Technologies AG, Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd, TDK-Lambda Corporation, FDK Corporation, Delta Electronics, Inc., Recom Power GmbH, Artesyn Embedded Technologies, Stmicroelectronics, Texas Instruments Incorporated, BEL Fuse Inc., Vicor Corporation, Crane Aerospace & Electronics and Traco Electronics AG.

Types Covered:

  • 1100W
  • 600W
  • 300W
  • Other Types

Input Voltage Covered:

  • >75V
  • 3V-14V
  • 36V-75V
  • 15V-35V

Output Number Covered:

  • Triple
  • Multiple
  • Dual
  • Single

Output Voltage Covered:

  • 15v
  • 3.3v
  • >24v
  • 12v
  • 5v
  • Other Output Voltages

Sales Channels Covered:

  • Indirect
  • Direct

Output Power Covered:

  • 250W-500W
  • 0.25W-250W
  • >1000W
  • 500W-1000W

Converter Type Covered:

  • Boost Converter
  • Buck-Boost Converter
  • Buck Converter
  • Other Converter Types

Form Factor Covered:

  • Quarter Brick
  • Eighth Brick
  • Sixteen Brick
  • Half Brick
  • Full Brick

Products Covered:

  • Non-Isolated
  • Isolated

Applications Covered:

  • Communication
  • Navigation
  • Electrophotography
  • Scientific Research
  • Inkjet
  • Remote Sensing
  • Direct Thermal
  • Surveillance
  • Thermal Transfer

End Users Covered:

  • Energy & Power
  • Audio Visual
  • Server, Storage, and Network
  • Transport
  • Medical
  • Server and Data Storage
  • Railways
  • Consumer Electronics
  • Manufacturing
  • Aerospace & Defense
  • Industrial Robots
  • IT & Telecommunications
  • Automotive
  • Other End Users

Regions Covered:

  • North America
    • US
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • Italy
    • France
    • Spain
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • Japan
    • China
    • India
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
    • South Korea
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • South America
    • Argentina
    • Brazil
    • Chile
    • Rest of South America
  • Middle East & Africa
    • Saudi Arabia
    • UAE
    • Qatar
    • South Africa
    • Rest of Middle East & Africa

What our report offers:

  • Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments
  • Strategic recommendations for the new entrants
  • Market forecasts for a minimum of 9 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets
  • Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations)
  • Strategic analysis: Drivers and Constraints, Product/Technology Analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, SWOT analysis etc.
  • Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations
  • Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends
  • Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments
  • Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements

Free Customization Offerings:

All the customers of this report will be entitled to receive one of the following free customization options:

  • Company Profiling
    • Comprehensive profiling of additional market players (up to 3)
    • SWOT Analysis of key players (up to 3)
  • Regional Segmentation
    • Market estimations, Forecasts and CAGR of any prominent country as per the clients interest (Note: Depends of feasibility check)
  • Competitive Benchmarking
    • Benchmarking of key players based on product portfolio, geographical presence, and strategic alliances

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary

2 Preface

  • 2.1 Abstract
  • 2.2 Stake Holders
  • 2.3 Research Scope
  • 2.4 Research Methodology
    • 2.4.1 Data Mining
    • 2.4.2 Data Analysis
    • 2.4.3 Data Validation
    • 2.4.4 Research Approach
  • 2.5 Research Sources
    • 2.5.1 Primary Research Sources
    • 2.5.2 Secondary Research Sources
    • 2.5.3 Assumptions

3 Market Trend Analysis

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Drivers
  • 3.3 Restraints
  • 3.4 Opportunities
  • 3.5 Threats
  • 3.6 Product Analysis
  • 3.7 Application Analysis
  • 3.8 End User Analysis
  • 3.9 Emerging Markets
  • 3.10 Futuristic Market Scenario

4 Porters Five Force Analysis

  • 4.1 Bargaining power of suppliers
  • 4.2 Bargaining power of buyers
  • 4.3 Threat of substitutes
  • 4.4 Threat of new entrants
  • 4.5 Competitive rivalry

5 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Type

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 1100W
  • 5.3 600W
  • 5.4 300W
  • 5.5 Other Types

6 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Input Voltage

  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 >75V
  • 6.3 3V-14V
  • 6.4 36V-75V
  • 6.5 15V-35V

7 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Output Number

  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Triple
  • 7.3 Multiple
  • 7.4 Dual
  • 7.5 Single

8 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Output Voltage

  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 15v
  • 8.3 3.3v
  • 8.4 >24v
  • 8.5 12v
  • 8.6 5v
  • 8.7 Other Output Voltages

9 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Sales Channel

  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Indirect
  • 9.3 Direct

10 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Output Power

  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 250W-500W
  • 10.3 0.25W-250W
  • 10.4 >1000W
  • 10.5 500W-1000W

11 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Converter Type

  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Boost Converter
  • 11.3 Buck-Boost Converter
  • 11.4 Buck Converter
  • 11.5 Other Converter Types

12 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Form Factor

  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Quarter Brick
  • 12.3 Eighth Brick
  • 12.4 Sixteen Brick
  • 12.5 Half Brick
  • 12.6 Full Brick

13 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Product

  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Non-Isolated
  • 13.3 Isolated

14 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Application

  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Communication
  • 14.3 Navigation
  • 14.4 Electrophotography
  • 14.5 Scientific Research
  • 14.6 Inkjet
  • 14.7 Remote Sensing
  • 14.8 Direct Thermal
  • 14.9 Surveillance
  • 14.10 Thermal Transfer

15 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By End User

  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Energy & Power
  • 15.3 Audio Visual
  • 15.4 Server, Storage, and Network
  • 15.5 Transport
  • 15.6 Medical
  • 15.7 Server and Data Storage
  • 15.8 Railways
  • 15.9 Consumer Electronics
  • 15.10 Manufacturing
  • 15.11 Aerospace & Defense
    • 15.11.1 Satellites
    • 15.11.2 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
    • 15.11.3 Aircraft
  • 15.12 Industrial Robots
  • 15.13 IT & Telecommunications
  • 15.14 Automotive
    • 15.14.1 Electric Vehicles (EVS)
    • 15.14.2 Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV)
    • 15.14.3 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
    • 15.14.4 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
  • 15.15 Other End Users

16 Global DC-DC Converter Market, By Geography

  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 North America
    • 16.2.1 US
    • 16.2.2 Canada
    • 16.2.3 Mexico
  • 16.3 Europe
    • 16.3.1 Germany
    • 16.3.2 UK
    • 16.3.3 Italy
    • 16.3.4 France
    • 16.3.5 Spain
    • 16.3.6 Rest of Europe
  • 16.4 Asia Pacific
    • 16.4.1 Japan
    • 16.4.2 China
    • 16.4.3 India
    • 16.4.4 Australia
    • 16.4.5 New Zealand
    • 16.4.6 South Korea
    • 16.4.7 Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 16.5 South America
    • 16.5.1 Argentina
    • 16.5.2 Brazil
    • 16.5.3 Chile
    • 16.5.4 Rest of South America
  • 16.6 Middle East & Africa
    • 16.6.1 Saudi Arabia
    • 16.6.2 UAE
    • 16.6.3 Qatar
    • 16.6.4 South Africa
    • 16.6.5 Rest of Middle East & Africa

17 Key Developments

  • 17.1 Agreements, Partnerships, Collaborations and Joint Ventures
  • 17.2 Acquisitions & Mergers
  • 17.3 New Product Launch
  • 17.4 Expansions
  • 17.5 Other Key Strategies

18 Company Profiling

  • 18.1 Flex Ltd.
  • 18.2 Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.
  • 18.3 Infineon Technologies AG
  • 18.4 Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd
  • 18.5 TDK-Lambda Corporation
  • 18.6 FDK Corporation
  • 18.7 Delta Electronics, Inc.
  • 18.8 Recom Power GmbH
  • 18.9 Artesyn Embedded Technologies
  • 18.10 Stmicroelectronics
  • 18.11 Texas Instruments Incorporated.
  • 18.12 BEL Fuse Inc.
  • 18.13 Vicor Corporation
  • 18.14 Crane Aerospace & Electronics
  • 18.15 Traco Electronics AG

List of Tables

  • Table 1 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Region (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 2 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Type (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 3 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 1100W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 4 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 600W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 5 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 300W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 6 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Other Types (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 7 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Input Voltage (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 8 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By >75V (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 9 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 3V-14V (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 10 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 36V-75V (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 11 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 15V-35V (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 12 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Output Number (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 13 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Triple (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 14 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Multiple (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 15 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Dual (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 16 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Single (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 17 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Output Voltage (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 18 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 15v (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 19 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 3.3v (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 20 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By >24v (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 21 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 12v (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 22 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 5v (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 23 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Other Output Voltages (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 24 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Sales Channel (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 25 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Indirect (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 26 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Direct (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 27 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Output Power (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 28 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 250W-500W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 29 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 0.25W-250W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 30 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By >1000W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 31 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By 500W-1000W (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 32 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Converter Type (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 33 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Boost Converter (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 34 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Buck-Boost Converter (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 35 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Buck Converter (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 36 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Other Converter Types (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 37 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Form Factor (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 38 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Quarter Brick (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 39 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Eighth Brick (1/11) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 40 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Sixteen Brick (1/16) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 41 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Half Brick (1/2) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 42 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Full Brick (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 43 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Product (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 44 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Non-Isolated (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 45 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Isolated (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 46 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Application (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 47 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Communication (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 48 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Navigation (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 49 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Electrophotography (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 50 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Scientific Research (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 51 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Inkjet (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 52 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Remote Sensing (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 53 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Direct Thermal (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 54 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Surveillance (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 55 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Thermal Transfer (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 56 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By End User (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 57 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Energy & Power (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 58 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Audio Visual (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 59 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Server, Storage, and Network (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 60 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Transport (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 61 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Medical (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 62 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Server and Data Storage (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 63 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Railways (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 64 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Consumer Electronics (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 65 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Manufacturing (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 66 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Aerospace & Defense (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 67 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Satellites (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 68 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 69 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Aircraft (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 70 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Industrial Robots (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 71 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By IT & Telecommunications (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 72 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Automotive (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 73 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Electric Vehicles (EVS) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 74 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 75 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 76 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) (2017-2027) (US $MN)
  • Table 77 Global DC-DC Converter Market Outlook, By Other End Users (2017-2027) (US $MN)

NOTE: Tables for North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and South America are represented in the same manner above.