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市場調查報告書

天然石墨和合成石墨的全球市場:到2030年的展望,第13版

Natural & Synthetic Graphite: Outlook to 2030, 13th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 942690
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 586 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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天然石墨和合成石墨的全球市場:到2030年的展望,第13版 Natural & Synthetic Graphite: Outlook to 2030, 13th Edition
出版日期: 2020年10月14日內容資訊: 英文 586 Pages
簡介

2020年第2季以後由於新型冠狀病毒感染疾病(COVID-19)大流行病的混亂持續之下,石墨的價格居高不下,碳含從94%到97%的片狀石墨的價格,大幅超過2017年9月的水準。這個背景,一方面是由於COVID-19的工廠封閉與中國的環境調查重疊,另一方面是鋰離子電池產業的需求持續成長。

本報告提供全球天然石墨和合成石墨的市場調查,供應鏈的流程,全球的生產與消費狀況,生產成本,國際的交易,今後展望,生產國和企業的簡介,消費趨勢等資訊。

目錄

  • 1.摘要整理
  • 2.供應鏈的流程圖
  • 3.全球生產情形
  • 4.生產成本
  • 5.全球消費情形
  • 6.國際性交易
  • 7.價格
  • 8.展望
  • 9.背景
  • 10.永續性
  • 11.生產國的簡介
  • 12. 企業的簡介
  • 13.各用途的消費情形
目錄

"Graphite prices stay high - both supply and demand under Covid-19 pressure but battery demand resilient"

High flake graphite prices enable mines outside of China

Despite considerable Covid-19 uncertainty in Q2 2020, graphite prices remain high, with March 2020 prices for 94-97%C fine, medium and large size flake still significantly higher than their September 2017 prices - a time when graphite prices hit their lowest point. Prices have increased steadily since late 2017 as demand for flake graphite from the lithium-ion battery industry coincided with Chinese environmental inspections and then Covid-19 plant closures.

Sustained high prices have encouraged development of flake graphite projects outside of China. During 2019 and early 2020, several projects completed feasibility studies, prefeasibility studies, scoping studies, or resource updates. Meanwhile, Syrah Resources, which became the largest rest of world (ROW) producer in 2018, reduced its flake graphite output by two thirds from September 2019 and reports that it is positioned to manage an extended period of uncertainty.

Roskill is the only consulting company in the world that has up to date information and price forecasts available for petroleum needle coke, synthetic graphite, natural graphite, synthetic graphite end-uses, lithium-ion batteries, refractories, electrodes and steel under one roof. The interactions between these industries are complex and our knowledge of trends in both steel and batteries demand informs our insight on the graphite supply/demand balance.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • How will the spectacular and sustained growth of lithium-ion batteries affect the graphite industry?
  • Will there be enough graphite to meet demand and where will it come from?
  • Which new natural and synthetic graphite projects could come on-stream by 2029?
  • How will competition between natural and synthetic graphite change over the next decade?
  • To what extent are graphite prices forecast to increase?

Subscribe now and receive:

  • Detailed report with ten-year forecasts for demand, supply and prices
  • Access to the report via Roskill Interactive for up to 5 users
  • Quarterly updates to keep you up to speed on our latest view of the industry
  • Access to Roskill specialists for key market queries
  • Option to download tables and graphs from the report
  • A summary PowerPoint of key report findings

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1 Supply
  • 1.2 Trade
  • 1.3 Consumption
  • 1.4 Prices

2. Graphite flowchart

3. World production

  • 3.1 Natural graphite
    • 3.1.1 Structure of the natural graphite industry
    • 3.1.2 Recycling
  • 3.2 Synthetic graphite

4. Production Costs

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Cost of production of spherical graphite
  • 4.3 Trends in production costs
    • 4.3.1 Feedstock
    • 4.3.2 Power and Fuel
    • 4.3.3 Labour costs
    • 4.3.4 Reagent costs
  • 4.4 The capital cost of new spherical graphite production

5. World consumption

  • 5.1 Natural graphite
  • 5.2 Synthetic graphite

6. International trade

  • 6.1 Natural graphite trade
    • 6.1.1 Exports of natural graphite
      • 6.1.1.1 Flake graphite
      • 6.1.1.2 Amorphous graphite
      • 6.1.1.3 Exports of natural graphite from China
    • 6.1.2 Imports of natural graphite
      • 6.1.2.1 Flake graphite
      • 6.1.2.2 Amorphous graphite
  • 6.2 Synthetic graphite trade
    • 6.2.1 Exports of synthetic graphite
      • 6.2.1.1 Non-electrode synthetic graphite
      • 6.2.1.2 Electrodes
    • 6.2.2 Imports of synthetic graphite
      • 6.2.2.1 Non-electrode synthetic graphite
      • 6.2.2.2 Electrodes

7. Prices

  • 7.1 Prices of natural graphite
    • 7.1.1 Historical trends in prices of natural graphite
    • 7.1.2 Published prices for basic graphite products
      • 7.1.2.1 Flake graphite
      • 7.1.2.2 Amorphous graphite
    • 7.1.3 Prices for heavily processed flake products
    • 7.1.4 Average values from global trade
      • 7.1.4.1 Flake graphite
      • 7.1.4.2 Amorphous graphite
    • 7.1.5 Average value of shipments via major trade routes
      • 7.1.5.1 Average value of China exports
      • 7.1.5.2 Flake graphite
      • 7.1.5.3 Amorphous graphite
      • 7.1.5.4 Average value of imports into China
      • 7.1.5.5 Average value of imports into Japan
  • 7.2 Prices of synthetic graphite
    • 7.2.1 Historical trends in prices of synthetic graphite
    • 7.2.2 Published prices for synthetic graphite products
    • 7.2.3 Average values from global trade
    • 7.2.4 Average value of shipments via major trade routes
      • 7.2.4.1 Average value of exports from China
      • 7.2.4.2 Average value of imports to the USA

8. Outlook to 2030

  • 8.1 Supply
    • 8.1.1 Forecast supply for natural graphite
    • 8.1.2 Forecast supply of synthetic graphite
  • 8.2 Demand
    • 8.2.1 Forecast demand for natural graphite
    • 8.2.2 Forecast demand for synthetic graphite
  • 8.3 Prices
    • 8.3.1 Natural graphite price forecast
      • 8.3.1.1 Basic graphite products
      • 8.3.1.2 Processed products
    • 8.3.2 Synthetic graphite price forecast

9. Background

  • 9.1 Geology and resources of natural graphite
    • 9.1.1 Geology of natural graphite deposits
    • 9.1.2 Reserves and resources of natural graphite
  • 9.2 Mining and processing of natural graphite
    • 9.2.1 High-purity natural graphite
    • 9.2.2 Micronised natural graphite
    • 9.2.3 Spherical natural graphite
    • 9.2.4 Expandable/expanded graphite
    • 9.2.5 Graphene and graphite nanoflakes
  • 9.3 Manufacture of synthetic graphite
    • 9.3.1 Supply of needle coke
      • 9.3.1.1 Petroleum-based needle coke
      • 9.3.1.2 Coal-based needle coke
    • 9.3.2 Producers of needle coke

10. Sustainability

  • 10.1 Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)
    • 10.1.1 Environmental
      • 10.1.1.1 Resource consumption
      • 10.1.1.2 Emissions
      • 10.1.1.3 Biodiversity and land use
      • 10.1.1.4 Tailings disposal
      • 10.1.1.5 Environmental restrictions and pressures for graphite
    • 10.1.2 Social
      • 10.1.2.1 Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)
      • 10.1.2.2 Human rights
    • 10.1.3 Governance
      • 10.1.3.1 Corruption
      • 10.1.3.2 Ease of Doing Business (EoDB)
      • 10.1.3.3 Industry consolidation and integration
  • 10.2 Critical raw materials
  • 10.3 Responsible sourcing initiatives

11. Country profiles

  • 11.1 Australia
    • 11.1.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.2 Austria
    • 11.2.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.2.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.3 Brazil
    • 11.3.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.3.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.4 Canada
    • 11.4.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.4.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.5 China
    • 11.5.1 Production of natural graphite
    • 11.5.2 Production of natural flake graphite
      • 11.5.2.1 Heilongjiang
      • 11.5.2.2 Shandong
      • 11.5.2.3 Inner Mongolia
      • 11.5.2.4 Hubei
    • 11.5.3 Production of natural amorphous graphite
      • 11.5.3.1 Hunan
      • 11.5.3.2 Jilin
    • 11.5.4 Production of spherical graphite
    • 11.5.5 Production of synthetic graphite
    • 11.5.6 Natural graphite resources and reserves
      • 11.5.6.1 Flake graphite resources
      • 11.5.6.2 Amorphous graphite resources
    • 11.5.7 Exports of natural graphite
    • 11.5.8 Imports of natural graphite
    • 11.5.9 Trade in intermediate battery products
      • 11.5.9.1 Spherical graphite
      • 11.5.9.2 Spheroidised synthetic graphite
    • 11.5.10 China: Price of natural graphite
    • 11.5.11 Graphite operations and projects
      • 11.5.11.1 Natural flake graphite operations and projects
      • 11.5.11.2 Natural amorphous graphite operations and projects
      • 11.5.11.3 Synthetic graphite operations and projects
  • 11.6 Croatia
  • 11.7 Czech Republic
    • 11.7.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.7.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.8 Germany
    • 11.8.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.9 Finland
  • 11.10 France
    • 11.10.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.11 Ghana
  • 11.12 Guinea, Republic of
  • 11.13 India
    • 11.13.1 Production of natural graphite
      • 11.13.1.1 Processing of natural graphite
    • 11.13.2 Production of synthetic graphite
    • 11.13.3 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.13.4 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.14 Italy
    • 11.14.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.15 Japan
    • 11.15.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.16 Korea, North
    • 11.16.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.17 Korea, South
    • 11.17.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.18 Madagascar
    • 11.18.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.18.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.19 Malawi
    • 11.19.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.20 Malaysia
  • 11.21 Mexico
    • 11.21.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.21.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.22 Mozambique
    • 11.22.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.22.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.23 Namibia
    • 11.23.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.24 Netherlands
  • 11.25 Norway
    • 11.25.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.25.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.26 Pakistan
  • 11.27 Poland
    • 11.27.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.28 Russia
    • 11.28.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.28.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.29 Spain
    • 11.29.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.30 South Africa
  • 11.31 Sri Lanka
    • 11.31.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.31.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.32 Sweden
    • 11.32.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.33 Switzerland
  • 11.34 Tanzania
    • 11.34.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.34.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.35 Turkey
    • 11.35.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.35.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.36 Ukraine
    • 11.36.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.36.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.37 United Kingdom
    • 11.37.1 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.38 USA
    • 11.38.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
    • 11.38.2 Graphite operations and projects
  • 11.39 Uzbekistan
  • 11.40 Vietnam
    • 11.40.1 Natural graphite resources and reserves
  • 11.41 Zimbabwe

12. Company profiles

  • 12.1 Natural and synthetic graphite producers
    • 12.1.1 AMG Mining
    • 12.1.2 Aoyu Graphite Group
    • 12.1.3 Asbury Carbons
    • 12.1.4 China Minmetals
    • 12.1.5 CIMM Group
    • 12.1.6 Datong Yulinde Carbon
    • 12.1.7 Diyuan Mining
    • 12.1.8 Eagle Graphite
    • 12.1.9 Energoprom Group
    • 12.1.10 Établissements Gallois
    • 12.1.11 Extrativa Metalquímica
    • 12.1.12 Fangda Carbon New Material
    • 12.1.13 GrafTech International
    • 12.1.14 Graphite India
    • 12.1.15 Haida Group
    • 12.1.16 HEG
    • 12.1.17 Heilong Graphite Group
    • 12.1.18 Heilongjiang Pride New Material
    • 12.1.19 Imerys Graphite & Carbon
    • 12.1.20 Inner Mongolia Rising New Energy
    • 12.1.21 Jiangsu Jianglong New Energy Technology
    • 12.1.22 Jilin Graphite Industry
    • 12.1.23 Jilin Carbon
    • 12.1.24 Jixi Changyuan Mining
    • 12.1.25 Jixi Fenglu Graphite
    • 12.1.26 Jixi Fuxiang Graphite Products
    • 12.1.27 Qingdao Guangxing Electronic Material
    • 12.1.28 Kaifeng Pingmei New Carbon Materials Technology
    • 12.1.29 Liaoning Dantan Technology Group
    • 12.1.30 Luobei Aoxing
    • 12.1.31 Mersen
    • 12.1.32 Nantong Yangzi Carbon
    • 12.1.33 Nacional de Grafite
    • 12.1.34 Nippon Carbon
    • 12.1.35 Qingdao Jinhui Graphite
    • 12.1.36 Qingdao Tiansheng Graphite
    • 12.1.37 Qingdao Xinghe Graphite
    • 12.1.38 SEC Carbon
    • 12.1.39 SGL Group - The Carbon Company
    • 12.1.40 Showa Denko Carbon
    • 12.1.41 Sinosteel Engineering & Technology
    • 12.1.42 South Graphite
    • 12.1.43 South Sea Petroleum Holdings
    • 12.1.44 Superior Graphite
    • 12.1.45 Syrah Resources
    • 12.1.46 Tamil Nadu Minerals
    • 12.1.47 Tirupati Group
    • 12.1.48 Tokai Carbon
    • 12.1.49 Yixiang Graphite Group
  • 12.2 Potential natural graphite producers
    • 12.2.1 Armadale Capital
    • 12.2.2 Battery Minerals
    • 12.2.3 Black Rock Mining
    • 12.2.4 Dalgrafit
    • 12.2.5 EcoGraf
    • 12.2.6 Focus Graphite
    • 12.2.7 Graphex Mining
    • 12.2.8 Leading Edge Materials
    • 12.2.9 Lincoln Minerals
    • 12.2.10 Magnis Energy Technologies
    • 12.2.11 Mineral Commodities
    • 12.2.12 Mason Graphite
    • 12.2.13 NextSource Materials
    • 12.2.14 Northern Graphite
    • 12.2.15 Nouveau Monde Graphite
    • 12.2.16 Quantum Graphite
    • 12.2.17 Renascor Resources
    • 12.2.18 SRG Mining
    • 12.2.19 Triton Minerals
    • 12.2.20 Volt Resources
    • 12.2.21 Walkabout Resources

13. Consumption by first use

  • 13.1 Macro market trends
    • 13.1.1 Steel
      • 13.1.1.1 Trends in crude steel production
      • 13.1.1.2 Producers of crude steel
      • 13.1.1.3 Production of steel by process
      • 13.1.1.4 Trends in EAF steel production
      • 13.1.1.5 Steel scrap availability in China
    • 13.1.2 Automotive
      • 13.1.2.1 Trends in automotive production
      • 13.1.2.2 Trends in electric vehicles
  • 13.2 Electrodes
    • 13.2.1 Consumption of graphite in synthetic graphite electrodes for EAFs
      • 13.2.1.1 Electrodes: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.2.2 Trends in electrode production
    • 13.2.3 Producers of synthetic graphite electrodes
    • 13.2.4 Synthetic graphite electrode manufacturing processes
    • 13.2.5 Trends in electric arc furnace (EAF) steel production
    • 13.2.6 Trends in ferroalloy production
  • 13.3 Refractories
    • 13.3.1 Consumption of graphite in refractories
      • 13.3.1.1 Refractories: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.3.2 Types of refractories
      • 13.3.2.1 Magnesia-carbon refractories
      • 13.3.2.2 Alumina-carbon refractories
      • 13.3.2.3 Alumina-magnesia-carbon refractories
      • 13.3.2.4 Silicon carbide-graphite refractories
      • 13.3.2.5 Graphite blocks
      • 13.3.2.6 Graphite freeze linings
      • 13.3.2.7 Crucibles
    • 13.3.3 Producers of graphite refractories
    • 13.3.4 Trends in refractories production
      • 13.3.4.1 Production by region
      • 13.3.4.2 Production by type
      • 13.3.4.3 Outlook to 2030
    • 13.3.5 Consumption of refractories by end use
      • 13.3.5.1 Use of refractories in the ferrous metals industry
      • 13.3.5.2 Use of refractories in the non-metallic minerals industry
      • 13.3.5.3 Use of refractories in the non-ferrous metals industry
  • 13.4 Recarburising
    • 13.4.1 Consumption of graphite in recarburising
      • 13.4.1.1 Recarburising: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.4.2 Producers of graphite or graphite-containing recarburisers
    • 13.4.3 Trends for carbon additives in steel
    • 13.4.4 Trends in cast iron production
  • 13.5 Batteries
    • 13.5.1 Consumption of graphite in batteries
      • 13.5.1.1 Batteries: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.5.2 Types of batteries
      • 13.5.2.1 Primary batteries
      • 13.5.2.2 Rechargeable (secondary) batteries
      • 13.5.2.3 Trends in global rechargeable battery markets
    • 13.5.3 Use of graphite in lithium-ion batteries
      • 13.5.3.1 Consumption of graphite in lithium-ion batteries
      • 13.5.3.2 Trends in lithium-ion battery anode materials
      • 13.5.3.3 Producers of lithium-ion anode materials
      • 13.5.3.4 Outlook for anode materials
    • 13.5.4 Consumption of rechargeable batteries
      • 13.5.4.1 Portable market
      • 13.5.4.2 Power devices
      • 13.5.4.3 Motive devices
      • 13.5.4.4 Energy storage systems (ESS)
      • 13.5.4.5 Automotive
    • 13.5.5 Outlook demand for rechargeable batteries
      • 13.5.5.1 COVID-19 crisis impact on battery industry
      • 13.5.5.2 Portable, power, and motive markets to 2030
      • 13.5.5.3 ESS market to 2030
      • 13.5.5.4 Automotive market
  • 13.6 Manufacturers of Li-ion batteries
  • 13.7 Use of graphite in other types of battery
    • 13.7.1 Primary alkaline batteries
      • 13.7.1.1 Consumption of graphite in primary alkaline batteries
    • 13.7.2 Lead-acid batteries
      • 13.7.2.1 Consumption of graphite in lead-acid batteries
    • 13.7.3 Others
    • 13.7.4 Battery technologies under development
      • 13.7.4.1 Vanadium redox batteries
      • 13.7.4.2 Supercapacitors
  • 13.8 Foundries
    • 13.8.1 Consumption of graphite in foundries
      • 13.8.1.1 Foundries: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.8.2 Uses for graphite in foundries
      • 13.8.2.1 Facing sand
      • 13.8.2.2 Mould wash
      • 13.8.2.3 Graphite permanent moulding
    • 13.8.3 Trends in global castings production
      • 13.8.3.1 Castings production by region
      • 13.8.3.2 Castings production by type
      • 13.8.3.3 Trends in aluminium castings
  • 13.9 Lubricants
    • 13.9.1 Consumption of graphite in lubricants
      • 13.9.1.1 Lubricants: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.9.2 Types of graphite lubricant
    • 13.9.3 Trends in lubricant production
      • 13.9.3.1 Forging lubricants
      • 13.9.3.2 Greases
      • 13.9.3.3 Plant/equipment lubrication
  • 13.10 Graphite shapes
    • 13.10.1 Consumption of graphite in graphite shapes
      • 13.10.1.1 Graphite shapes: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.10.2 Types of graphite shapes
    • 13.10.3 Carbon brushes
      • 13.10.3.1 Trends in brushless DC motors
    • 13.10.4 End uses for graphite shapes
      • 13.10.4.1 Aerospace
      • 13.10.4.2 Solar photovoltaic electricity
      • 13.10.4.3 Chemical processing
      • 13.10.4.4 Extrusion and furnace parts
      • 13.10.4.5 Bearings
      • 13.10.4.6 Glass production
    • 13.10.5 Producers of graphite shapes
  • 13.11 Friction materials
    • 13.11.1 Consumption of graphite in friction materials
      • 13.11.1.1 Friction materials: Outlook to 2030
    • 13.11.2 Trends in friction material production
  • 13.12 Other applications
    • 13.12.1 Flexible graphite
      • 13.12.1.1 Consumption of graphite in flexible graphite products
    • 13.12.2 Flame retardants
      • 13.12.2.1 Consumption of graphite in flame retardants
      • 13.12.2.2 Trends in flame retardants
    • 13.12.3 Conductive polymers and rubbers
      • 13.12.3.1 Consumption of graphite in conductive polymers and rubbers
      • 13.12.3.2 Trends in conductive polymers and rubbers
    • 13.12.4 Powder metallurgy
      • 13.12.4.1 Consumption of graphite in powder metallurgy
      • 13.12.4.2 Trends in powder metallurgy production
    • 13.12.5 Nuclear applications
      • 13.12.5.1 Consumption of graphite in nuclear applications
      • 13.12.5.2 Trends in nuclear energy
    • 13.12.6 Pencils
      • 13.12.6.1 Consumption of graphite in pencils
      • 13.12.6.2 Trends in pencils
    • 13.12.7 Fuel cells
      • 13.12.7.1 Consumption of graphite in fuel cells
      • 13.12.7.2 Trends in fuel cell consumption
    • 13.12.8 Carbon-graphite foam
    • 13.12.9 Paint
    • 13.12.10 Synthetic diamonds

14. Macroeconomic outlook

List of Tables

  • Table 1: World: Estimated production of natural graphite by country and graphite type, 2010-2020
  • Table 2: World: Details of major natural graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 3: World: Estimated synthetic graphite supply by region, 2010-2020
  • Table 4: Principal producers of synthetic graphite by main product, 2020
  • Table 5: World: Estimated consumption of natural and synthetic graphite by application, 2010-2020
  • Table 6: World: Estimated consumption of natural and synthetic graphite by region and application, 2020
  • Table 7: World: Estimated consumption of natural graphite by application, 2010-2020
  • Table 8: World: Estimated total natural graphite consumption by region and application, 2020
  • Table 9: World: Estimated flake graphite consumption by region and application, 2020
  • Table 10: World: Estimated synthetic graphite consumption by application, 2010-2020
  • Table 11: World: Estimated synthetic graphite consumption by region and application, 2020
  • Table 12: World: Total trade in natural graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Table 13: World: Exports of natural flake graphite by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 14: World: Major trade flows of natural flake graphite exports, 2019
  • Table 15: World: Exports of natural amorphous graphite by region and country 2009-2019
  • Table 16: World: Major trade flows of natural amorphous graphite exports, 2019
  • Table 17: China: Exports of natural graphite by country, 2009-2019
  • Table 18: China: Exports of natural graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Table 19: China: Import tax rates for main natural graphite products, 2020
  • Table 20: World: Imports of natural flake graphite by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 21: World: Major trade flows of natural flake graphite imports, 2019
  • Table 22: World: Imports of natural amorphous graphite by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 23: World: Major trade flows of natural amorphous graphite imports, 2019
  • Table 24: Synthetic graphite trade categories
  • Table 25: World: Trade in synthetic graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Table 26: World: Trade in electrodes of a kind used for furnaces, 2009-2019
  • Table 27: World: Exports of artificial graphite by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 28: World: Major trade flows of artificial graphite exports, 2019
  • Table 29: World: Major trade flows of carbonaceous pastes for electrodes and similar pastes for furnace lining exports, 2019
  • Table 30: World: Major trade flows of preparations based on synthetic graphite exports, 2019
  • Table 31: World: Major trade flows of colloidal or semi-colloidal graphite exports, 2019
  • Table 32: World: Exports of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 33: World: Major trade flows of electrodes for use in furnaces exports, 2019
  • Table 34: China: Import tax rates for main synthetic graphite products, 2020
  • Table 35: World: Imports of artificial graphite by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 36: World: Major trade flows of artificial graphite imports, 2019
  • Table 37: World: Major trade flows of carbonaceous pastes for electrodes and similar pastes for furnace lining imports, 2019
  • Table 38: World: Major trade flows of preparations based on synthetic graphite imports, 2019
  • Table 39: World: Major trade flows of colloidal or semi-colloidal graphite imports, 2019
  • Table 40: World: Imports of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces by region and country, 2009-2019
  • Table 41: World: Major trade flows of electrode imports, 2019
  • Table 42: China: Average value of exports of natural graphite, 2009-2019
  • Table 43: China: Average value of imports of natural graphite, 2009-2019
  • Table 44: USA: Quantity and value of graphite electrode imports for consumption, by country, 2017-2019
  • Table 45: World: Forecast supply of natural graphite (base, low and high case scenarios), 2020, 2025 and 2030
  • Table 46: World: Forecast production of natural graphite by region, 2020-2030
  • Table 47: World: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 48: World: Details of downstream graphite product development projects, 2020
  • Table 49: World: Forecast supply of synthetic graphite (base, low and high case scenarios), 2020, 2025 and 2030
  • Table 50: World: Forecast synthetic graphite production by region, 2020-2030
  • Table 51: World: Forecast demand for natural and synthetic graphite (base, low and high case scenarios), 2020, 2025 and 2030
  • Table 52: World: Forecast demand for natural and synthetic graphite by application, 2020-2030
  • Table 53: World: Forecast demand for natural and synthetic graphite by region and application, 2030
  • Table 54: World: Forecast demand for natural graphite by application, 2020-2030
  • Table 55: World: Forecast demand for natural graphite by region and application, 2030
  • Table 56: World: Forecast demand for flake graphite by region and application, 2030
  • Table 57: World: Forecast demand for synthetic graphite by application, 2020-2030
  • Table 58: World: Forecast demand for natural and synthetic graphite by region and application, 2030
  • Table 59: Forecast price of natural flake graphite by carbon grade, medium flake size, 2020-2030
  • Table 60: Forecast price of natural flake graphite by flake size, 94% C, 2020-2030
  • Table 61: Forecast price of spherical graphite, 99.95% C, 2020-2030
  • Table 62: Typical chemical composition of natural amorphous, flake and lump graphite
  • Table 63: Ash content and analysis in natural graphite
  • Table 64: World: Reserves of natural graphite, 2020
  • Table 65: Location of major natural graphite deposits, by type
  • Table 66: World: Particle size and carbon content of commercial graphite production
  • Table 67: Applications for high-purity natural graphite and alternatives
  • Table 68: Applications for expandable/expanded graphite
  • Table 69: Producers and potential producers of natural graphite involved in the graphene industry
  • Table 70: Selected potential applications for graphene
  • Table 71: World: Needle coke producing companies, 2020
  • Table 72: Graphite mine production vs Human Freedom Index
  • Table 73: Graphite mine production vs Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Table 74: Graphite mine production vs World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index
  • Table 75: Critical raw materials identified by key Government bodies
  • Table 76: Responsible sourcing initiatives and policies, 2019
  • Table 77: Australia: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 78: Australia: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 79: Austria: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 80: Brazil: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 81: Brazil: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 82: Brazil: Details of graphite projects, 2020
  • Table 83: Canada: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 84: Canada: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 85: Canada: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 86: China: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 87: China: Minimum capacity and yield regulations, (since December 2012)
  • Table 88: China: Flake graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 89: China: Natural amorphous graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 90: China: Major producers of spherical graphite, 2020
  • Table 91: China: Synthetic graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 92: China: Graphite resources by province, 2014
  • Table 93: China: Natural flake graphite resources, 2013-2019
  • Table 94: China: Exports of natural graphite by export province, 2013-2019
  • Table 95: China: Exports of natural graphite by type and country, 2013-2019
  • Table 96: China: Exports of spherical graphite, 2013-2020
  • Table 97: China: Imports of spherical graphite, 2013-2020
  • Table 98: China: Average value of spherical graphite exports and imports, 2013-2020
  • Table 99: China: Exports of spheroidised synthetic graphite, 2013-2020
  • Table 100: China: Details of natural flake graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 101: China: Details of natural amorphous graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 102: China: Details of synthetic graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 103: Czech Republic: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 104: Czech Republic: Deposits of natural graphite by type, 2017
  • Table 105: Germany: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 106: Germany: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 107: India: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 108: India: Relative size of operating mines, 2017/18-2018/19
  • Table 109: India: Production of graphite by sector, state and district, 2015/16-2018/19
  • Table 110: India: Synthetic graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 111: India: Reserves/resources of graphite by state and grade, April 2015
  • Table 112: India: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 113: Japan: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 114: Japan: Synthetic graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 115: Japan: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 116: North Korea: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 117: South Korea: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 118: Madagascar: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 119: Madagascar: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 120: Madagascar: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 121: Malawi: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 122: Mexico: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 123: Mexico: Details of natural graphite mines, 2020
  • Table 124: Mexico: Details of amorphous graphite processing plants, 2020
  • Table 125: Mexico: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 126: Mozambique: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 127: Mozambique: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 128: Mozambique: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 129: Namibia: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 130: Norway: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 131: Pakistan: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 132: Poland: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 133: Russia: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 134: Russia: Synthetic graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 135: Russia: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 136: Sri Lanka: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 137: Sri Lanka: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 138: Sri Lanka: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 139: Sweden: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 140: Sweden: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 141: Tanzania: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 142: Tanzania: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 143: Turkey: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 144: Ukraine: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 145: USA: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 146: USA: Synthetic graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 147: USA: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 148: USA: Details of graphite development projects, 2020
  • Table 149: Uzbekistan: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 150: Vietnam: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 151: Vietnam: Summary of major graphite deposits
  • Table 152: Zimbabwe: Natural graphite summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 153: AMG Mining: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 154: Asbury Carbons: Subsidiaries and operations producing graphite products, 2020
  • Table 155: Eagle Graphite: Planned increases to graphite production, 2015-2019
  • Table 156: Fangda Carbon New Material: Subsidiaries and operations producing graphite products, 2020
  • Table 157: GrafTech International: Net sales, 2014-2019
  • Table 158: GrafTech International: Location of manufacturing facilities, 2020
  • Table 159: Graphite India: Details of manufacturing facilities, 2020
  • Table 160: Imerys Graphite & Carbon: Details of graphite manufacturing facilities
  • Table 161: Imerys Graphite & Carbon: Major brands based on graphite
  • Table 162: Nacional de Grafite: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 163: Nacional de Grafite: Products and their uses
  • Table 164: SGL Group: Sales by business unit, 2015 to 2019
  • Table 165: SGL Group: Details of graphite manufacturing facilities, 2020
  • Table 166: Showa Denko: Location of manufacturing facilities, 2020
  • Table 167: Superior Graphite: Details of manufacturing facilities, 2020
  • Table 168: Syrah Resources: Balama quarterly operation statistics, 2019-2020
  • Table 169: Tirupati Carbons & Chemicals: Details of graphite operations, 2020
  • Table 170: Major applications of primary and secondary natural and synthetic graphite
  • Table 171: Typical characteristics of synthetic and natural graphite
  • Table 172: Natural graphite specifications by end use
  • Table 173: World: Estimated production of crude steel by country, 2010-2020
  • Table 174: Forecast production of crude steel, 2020-2030
  • Table 175: Crude steel production by principal steelmakers, 2017-2019
  • Table 176: World: Productionf of crude steel by process divided by region, 2020
  • Table 177: World: Regional steel production carried out by continuous casting, 2007-2017
  • Table 178: World: Production of EAF steel by principal steel-producing countries, 2010-2020
  • Table 179: World: Estimated production of motor vehicles, 2014-2020
  • Table 180: Physical properties of graphite electrodes for electric arc furnaces
  • Table 181: World: Electrode production capacity by company, 2020
  • Table 182: Imerys Graphite & Carbon: Specifications of natural flake graphite used in refractories
  • Table 183: World: Selected producers of magnesia/alumina-carbon brick, 2020
  • Table 184: Japan: Production of refractories by type, 2009-2019
  • Table 185: Typical analysis of graphite and other carbonaceous material used in recarburisers
  • Table 186: Role of graphite and competitive carbon additives in steel production
  • Table 187: Choice of recarburisers in cast iron production
  • Table 188: World: Consumption of raw graphite in batteries by type, 2010, 2015 and 2020
  • Table 189: Battery applications: Graphite requirements
  • Table 190: Asbury Carbons: Specification of carbon products for batteries
  • Table 191: Imerys Graphite & Carbon: Use of graphite in mobile energy applications
  • Table 192: World: Forecast consumption of raw graphite in batteries by type, 2020, 2025 and 2030
  • Table 193: World: Consumption of processed graphite in lithium-ion battery anode material by type, 2010, 2015 and 2020
  • Table 194: World: Forecast consumption of processed graphite in lithium-ion battery anode material by type, 2020, 2025 and 2030
  • Table 195: World: Anode production capacity by manufacturer, 2019
  • Table 196: Summary table of ESS technologies, 2019
  • Table 197: Global Li-ion battery capacity scenarios for 2020
  • Table 198: Suitability of ESS technologies on different energy applications
  • Table 199: Base-case automotive market outlook summary table (unit sales)
  • Table 200: Commercial fully electric vehicles examples (BEV)
  • Table 201: World: Production of castings by country and type, 2018
  • Table 202: Main applications for castings by type
  • Table 203: Asbury Carbons: Details of lubricants containing graphite
  • Table 204: Lubricants sectors and main applications
  • Table 205: Main forging lubricants
  • Table 206: World: Production of forgings by type and region, 2018
  • Table 207: Types of carbon brush
  • Table 208: Examples of applications for graphite in the glass industry
  • Table 209: Imerys Graphite & Carbon: Typical graphite and carbon products for use in friction materials
  • Table 210: Superior Graphite: Typical graphite and carbon products for use in friction materials
  • Table 211: Common types of brake pad for cars and trucks
  • Table 212: Major flexible graphite manufacturers, 2019
  • Table 213: Conventional fillers for thermally conductive polymers/rubbers
  • Table 214: Graphite applications in powder metallurgy and hard metals markets
  • Table 215: Examples of nuclear graphite properties
  • Table 216: New nuclear power plants under construction by 2026, June 2020
  • Table 217: Overview of generation I to IV nuclear reactors
  • Table 218: Nuclear reactors in commercial operation, April 2020
  • Table 219: Advanced (Generation III and III+) nuclear power reactors, 2019
  • Table 220: High temperature nuclear reactor development and status, 2018
  • Table 221: Popular fuel cell designs
  • Table 222: Asbury Carbons: Graphite products for use in fuel cells
  • Table 223: Annual shipments of fuel cells by application, region and type, 2012-2019
  • Table 224: Applications for fuel cells
  • Table 225: World and USA: Production of industrial diamonds, 2010-2016
  • Table 226: Base Case Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 227: Base Case Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 228: Base Case Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 229: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 230: Forecast inflation for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 231: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2019-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: China and ROW: Historical and forecast production of graphite compared with crude steel output, 2010-2030
  • Figure 2: China: Exports of natural graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 3: World: Consumption of graphite by application, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 4: World: Forecast scenarios for raw graphite consumption and lithium-ion battery market, 2010-2030
  • Figure 5: China and ROW: Historical and forecast production of synthetic graphite compared with EAF steel output, 2010-2030
  • Figure 6: Historical and forecast price of natural flake graphite by flake size, 94% C, 2005-2030
  • Figure 7: Graphite flowchart
  • Figure 8: World: Estimated production of natural graphite by type, 2020
  • Figure 9: World: Estimated production of natural graphite by type, 2010-2020
  • Figure 10: World: Year-on-year change in production of natural graphite by type, 2010-2020
  • Figure 11: World: Estimated production of natural graphite by region, 2010-2020
  • Figure 12: World: Estimated synthetic graphite supply by region, 2010-2020
  • Figure 13: World: Estimated synthetic graphite production by region, 2020
  • Figure 14: Cost curve for spherical graphite by feedstock and processing costs1, 2019
  • Figure 15: Cost curve for spherical graphite by processing method type, 2019
  • Figure 16: Breakdown of spherical graphite production costs by process type, 2019
  • Figure 17: Natural flake graphite prices, 2017-2019
  • Figure 18: Comparison of industrial electricity and natural gas costs within major Chinese spherical graphite producing provinces, 2019 (global industrial average=100)
  • Figure 19: Comparison of labour costs within major Chinese spherical graphite producing provinces, 2019, (global industrial average=100)
  • Figure 20: Key reagent prices for spherical graphite production in China, 2019 (Jan=100)
  • Figure 21: World and major exporters: Annual average HF export values, 2004-2019
  • Figure 22: China: Regional monthly average HF delivered prices, 2019-2020
  • Figure 23: Capital intensity of spherical graphite production capacity in China
  • Figure 24: World: Consumption of graphite by major applications, 2020
  • Figure 25: World: Estimated growth in consumption of natural and synthetic graphite by application, 2010-2020
  • Figure 26: World: Estimated consumption of natural and synthetic graphite by region, 2020
  • Figure 27: World: Trade balance of total natural graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 28: World: Total exports of natural graphite by country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 29: World: Exports of natural graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 30: World: Exports of natural flake graphite by main countries, 2009-2019
  • Figure 31: World: Major trade flows of natural flake graphite exports, 2019
  • Figure 32: China: Exports of natural graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 33: World: Total imports of natural graphite by country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 34: World: Trade balance of synthetic graphite by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 35: World: Trade balance of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces, 2009-2019
  • Figure 36: World: Exports of synthetic graphite by type and of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces, 2009-2019
  • Figure 37: World: Exports of artificial graphite by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 38: World: Exports of carbonaceous pastes for electrodes and similar pastes for furnace linings by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 39: World: Exports of preparations based on synthetic graphite by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 40: World: Exports of colloidal or semi-colloidal synthetic graphite by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 41: World: Exports of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 42: World: Imports of synthetic graphite by type and of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces, 2009-2019
  • Figure 43: World: Imports of artificial graphite by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 44: World: Imports of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 45: World: Average value of natural graphite exports by type, from major producing countries, 2009-2019
  • Figure 46: China: Price of flake graphite by carbon grade, 2012-2020
  • Figure 47: Europe: Price of flake graphite by flake size, 2005-2020
  • Figure 48: China: Price of flake graphite by flake size, 2018-2020
  • Figure 49: China: Price of amorphous graphite, 2005-2020
  • Figure 50: China: Price of spherical graphite, 2012-2020
  • Figure 51: China: Average value of spherical graphite trade, 2009-2020
  • Figure 52: Average value of natural flake graphite exports by major exporters, 2009-2019
  • Figure 53: China: Average value of exports of natural graphite products by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 54: China: Average value of exports of natural flake graphite to major destination countries, 2009-2019
  • Figure 55: China: Average value of exports of natural flake graphite powder to major destination countries, 2009-2019
  • Figure 56: China: Average value of exports of spherical graphite to major destination countries, 2009-2019
  • Figure 57: China: Average value of exports of spherical graphite and flake graphite to Japan and South Korea, 2009-2019
  • Figure 58: China: Quantity and average value of amorphous graphite exports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 59: Japan: Average value of imports of natural graphite from China by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 60: China: Average prices of graphite electrodes, 2015-2020
  • Figure 61: China: Monthly exports of electrodes for use in furnaces, 2017-2020
  • Figure 62: China: Average prices of spheroidised synthetic graphite exports, 2015-2020
  • Figure 63: Average value of exports of artificial graphite, by major exporters, 2009-2019
  • Figure 64: Average value of exports of colloidal or semi-colloidal graphite, by major exporters, 2009-2019
  • Figure 65: Average value of exports of carbonaceous pastes for electrodes and similar pastes for furnace linings, by major exporters, 2009-2019
  • Figure 66: Average value of exports of preparations based on graphite by major exporters, 2009-2019
  • Figure 67: Average value of exports of electrodes of a kind used for furnaces, by major exporters, 2009-2019
  • Figure 68: China: Quantity and average value of electrode exports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 69: China: Quantity and average value of artificial graphite exports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 70: China: Average value of selected synthetic graphite exports by type, 2009-2019
  • Figure 71: USA: Quantity and average value of graphite electrodes imports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 72: USA: Average value of graphite electrode imports, by main country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 73: World: Forecast production of natural graphite by type, 2020-2030
  • Figure 74: World: Forecast year-on-year change in production of natural graphite by type, 2020-2030
  • Figure 75: World: Forecast production of natural graphite by region, 2020-2030
  • Figure 76: World: Forecast synthetic graphite production by region, 2020-2030
  • Figure 77: World: Forecast demand for graphite by major application, 2030
  • Figure 78: World: Forecast growth in demand for natural and synthetic graphite by application, 2020-2030
  • Figure 79: Forecast price (real) of flake natural graphite by carbon grade, medium flake size, 2020-2030
  • Figure 80: Forecast price of flake natural graphite by flake size, 94% C, 2020-2030
  • Figure 81: Forecast price of spherical graphite, 99.95% C, 2020-2030
  • Figure 82: Natural graphite manufacturing process
  • Figure 83: Flake graphite and the processed product, spherical graphite
  • Figure 84: Synthetic graphite from needle coke -- manufacturing process
  • Figure 85: World: Exports of calcined petroleum coke from major destinations and average value of global exports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 86: World: Exports of coal tar pitch from major destinations and average value of global exports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 87: UN Sustainable Development Goals
  • Figure 88: Roskill's ESG framework
  • Figure 89: Criticality matrix
  • Figure 90: European CRM list 2017
  • Figure 91: Brazil: Exports of natural graphite by country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 92: China: Historical production of total graphite compared with production of crude steel, 2010-2020
  • Figure 93: China: Year-on-year change in natural graphite production, 2009-2019
  • Figure 94: China: Production and exports of natural flake graphite, 2009-2019
  • Figure 95: China: Production and exports of natural amorphous graphite, 2009-2019
  • Figure 96: China: Production and exports of synthetic graphite, 2009-2019
  • Figure 97: China: Exports of natural graphite by country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 98: China: Quarterly exports of natural graphite by type, 2016-2020
  • Figure 99: China: Imports of natural graphite by country, 2010-2019
  • Figure 100: China: Quarterly exports and average value of exports for spherical graphite, 2009-2020
  • Figure 101: China: Monthly exports and average value of exports for spherical graphite, 2019-2020
  • Figure 102: China: Average value of spherical graphite and flake graphite exports to Japan and South Korea, 2013-2020
  • Figure 103: China: Average quarterly price of natural flake graphite, ex-works, 2013-2020
  • Figure 104: China: Average value of quarterly exports of natural flake and amorphous graphite, Q1 2009-Q2 2020
  • Figure 105: China: Average value of quarterly exports of natural flake graphite by type, Q1 2009-Q2 2020
  • Figure 106: China: Average value of exports of basic flake graphite grades by major countries of destination, 2009-2019
  • Figure 107: Madagascar: Exports of natural graphite by country, 2010-2019
  • Figure 108: Mozambique: Exports of natural graphite by country, 2009-2019
  • Figure 109: Sri Lanka: Exports of natural graphite by country, 2015-2019
  • Figure 110: World: Forecast GDP growth scenarios, 2012-2023
  • Figure 111: China: Forecast GDP growth scenarios, 2012-2023
  • Figure 112: World: Forecast long run GDP growth scenarios, 2019-2050
  • Figure 113: World: Historical and forecast production of crude steel, 1995-2030
  • Figure 114: China and ROW: Historical and forecast growth in crude steel production over five-year periods,1995-2030
  • Figure 115: World: Historical and forecast production of steel by region, 2010-2030
  • Figure 116: World: Historical and forecast production of crude steel by process, 2000-2030
  • Figure 117: World: Historical and forecast production of crude steel production by process, 2000-2030
  • Figure 118: Comparison of forecast trends in production of all crude steel and EAF steel, 2010-2030
  • Figure 119: World: Forecast EAF steel production by region, 2010-2030
  • Figure 120: China: Monthly exports and imports of ferrous scrap, 2016-2020
  • Figure 121: World: Historical and forecast production of motor vehicles, 2000-2030
  • Figure 122: World: Historical and forecast production of motor vehicles by type, 2010-2030
  • Figure 123: World: Historical and forecast production of motor vehicles by region, 2010-2030
  • Figure 124: World: Production of motor vehicles by type and region, 2019 (M vehicles)
  • Figure 125: World: Historical consumption of graphite in electrodes and production of EAF steel, 2010-2020
  • Figure 126: World: Forecast consumption of graphite in electrodes and production of EAF steel, 2020-2030
  • Figure 127: World: Comparison of electrode capacity and production, 2010-2020
  • Figure 128: World: Comparison of synthetic graphite electrode production and consumption, 2010-2020
  • Figure 129: World: Quarterly electrode exports by quantity and average value, 2016-2020
  • Figure 130: World: Estimated division of electrode production capacity by region, 2020
  • Figure 131: China and rest of world: Historical production of ferroalloys in EAF, 2010-2020
  • Figure 132: World: Historical production of ferroalloys in EAF, by main types, 2010-2020
  • Figure 133: World: Consumption of graphite in refractories and production of refractories, 2010-2020
  • Figure 134: World: Forecast consumption of graphite in refractories and production of refractories, 2020-2030
  • Figure 135: World: Estimated production of refractories by country/region and global production of crude steel, 2010-2020
  • Figure 136: World: Estimated production of refractories by country/region, 2019
  • Figure 137: World: Forecast production of refractories by country/region and global production of crude steel, 2020-2030
  • Figure 138: World: Estimated consumption of refractories by market, 2020
  • Figure 139: World: Production of crude steel by process compared to refractory production, 2010-2020
  • Figure 140: World: Production of refined aluminium, copper, zinc, lead and nickel, 1970-2019
  • Figure 141: China: Production of refined aluminium, zinc and lead, 2009, 2014 and 2019
  • Figure 142: World: Historical consumption of graphite in recarburising and EAF production, 2010-2020
  • Figure 143: World: Forecast consumption of graphite in recarburising and EAF production, 2020-2030
  • Figure 144: World: Consumption of graphite by battery application compared with lithium-ion battery production, 2010-2020
  • Figure 145: World: Forecast consumption of graphite by battery application compared with lithium-ion battery production, 2020-2030
  • Figure 146: Specific energy and energy density of primary batteries
  • Figure 147: Energy density comparison of rechargeable and non-rechargeable batteries
  • Figure 148: Specific energy (Wh/kg) and energy density (Wh/l) of rechargeable batteries
  • Figure 149: World: Historical consumption of rechargeable batteries by type, 2010-2020
  • Figure 150: World: Forecast consumption of rechargeable batteries by type, 2020-2030
  • Figure 151: Lithium-ion battery schematic
  • Figure 152: Lithium-ion battery materials value chain
  • Figure 153: World: Historical consumption of graphite compared with lithium-ion battery production, 2010-2020
  • Figure 154: World: Forecast consumption of graphite compared with lithium-ion battery production, 2020-2030
  • Figure 155: World: Forecast scenarios for graphite consumption and lithium-ion battery production, 2020 to 2030
  • Figure 156: Estimated consumption of active materials in anode manufacture, 2020
  • Figure 157: Carbon-based anode materials performance comparison
  • Figure 158: Battery attributes by selected application
  • Figure 159: Specific capacity of different anode materials in Li-ion batteries
  • Figure 160: World: Anode capacity by country, 2020
  • Figure 161: World: Market share of anode manufacturers, 2019
  • Figure 162: World: Forecast consumption of active materials in anode manufacture, 2020-2030
  • Figure 163: World: Forecast anode capacity by country, 2030
  • Figure 164: World: Forecast anode capacity for main manufacturers, 2030
  • Figure 165: World: Market for rechargeable batteries, 2009-2019
  • Figure 166: Li-ion battery demand by end use application, 2019
  • Figure 167: Battery chemistries share in portable electronics, 2009-2019
  • Figure 168: World: Shipments of portable consumer devices, 2009-2019
  • Figure 169: Battery chemistries share in power applications, 2009-2019
  • Figure 170: Portable electronics sales, 2009-2019
  • Figure 171: Trends in shipment of motive applications, 2009-2019
  • Figure 172: Sales in motive applications, 2009-2019
  • Figure 173: Historic cumulative ESS installations by technology (TWh), 2009-2019
  • Figure 174: Annual new installations of ESS (ex. Electro-mechanical), 1970-2019
  • Figure 175: Energy applications for Lithium-ion ESS systems, 2008-2019
  • Figure 176: Market size of electro-chemical ESS. Annual new capacity, 2008-2019
  • Figure 177: Plug-in (BEV-PHEV) passenger sales by region, 2010-2019
  • Figure 178: Electrified passenger vehicle sales by e-powertrain type, 2010-2019
  • Figure 179: Commercial electric vehicle sales by vehicle type, 2010-2019
  • Figure 180: Sales of plug-in vehicles (BEV & PHEV) by Automotive Group, 2010-2019
  • Figure 181: Sales of plug-in vehicles (BEV & PHEV) by Chinese automotive Group, 2010-2019
  • Figure 182: World: Rechargeable battery energy consumption by xEV type, 2010-2019
  • Figure 183: ICE (Combustion) vs. EV sales in the first five months of 2019-2020
  • Figure 184: Global installed Li-ion battery production by scenario, 2019-2030
  • Figure 185: Global Li-ion battery production by end use application, 2019-2030
  • Figure 186: Global Li-ion battery production for small battery capacity applications, 2019-2030
  • Figure 187: Levelized cost of different energy generation sources (US$/MWh) vs. Li-ion manufacturing cost (US$/kWh), 2009-2019
  • Figure 188: Historic cumulative ESS installations by technology, 1985-2020
  • Figure 189: ESS electro-chemical technology outlook. Grid and Off-grid, 2019-2030
  • Figure 190: EV sales forecast by modelling approach, 2019-2030
  • Figure 191: Scenario comparisons: Passenger and commercial vehicles, 2019-2029
  • Figure 192: Vehicle cost (US$) in the C-Segment by powertrain type vs. CO2 reduction , 2019
  • Figure 193: Sales of passenger cars by powertrain type, 2010-2030
  • Figure 194: Plug-in passenger cars (BEV+PHEV) sales by region, 2019-2030
  • Figure 195: Plug-in electric vehicle (BEV+PHEV) sales vs. production by region, 2030
  • Figure 196: Sales of commercial vehicles by powertrain type, 2019-2030
  • Figure 197: Outlook commercial electrification by vehicle type, 2019-2030
  • Figure 198: Outlook for battery capacity by vehicle category, 2019-2030
  • Figure 199: Outlook for battery capacity by EV type, 2019-2030
  • Figure 200: World: Historic lithium-ion battery manufacturing capacity installed by country, 2010-2019
  • Figure 201: Market share evolution of large-sized cell maker
  • Figure 202: World: Consumption of graphite in foundries and production of castings, 2010-2020
  • Figure 203: World: Forecast graphite consumption in foundries and global production of castings, 2020-2030
  • Figure 204: World: Production of castings by type and crude steel production, 2010-2020
  • Figure 205: World: Regional production of castings, 2010-2020
  • Figure 206: World: Production of ferrous castings by metal, 2010-2020
  • Figure 207: World: Production of non-ferrous castings by metal, 2010-2020
  • Figure 208: World: Graphite consumption in lubricants and production of lubricants, 2010-2020
  • Figure 209: World: Forecast graphite consumption in lubricants and production of lubricants, 2020-2030
  • Figure 210: World: Production of forgings by type, 2012-2020
  • Figure 211: World: Production of forgings by region, 2012-2020
  • Figure 212: World: Production of grease by region, 2010-2020
  • Figure 213: World: Graphite consumption in graphite shapes, 2010-2020
  • Figure 214: World: Forecast graphite consumption in graphite shapes, 2020-2030
  • Figure 215: World: Graphite consumption in friction materials and global production of motor vehicles, 2010-2020
  • Figure 216: World: Forecast graphite consumption in friction materials and global production of motor vehicles, 2020-2030
  • Figure 217: World: Production of heavy-duty motor vehicles by region, 2010-2020