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市場調查報告書

鉭:到2029年的展望 (第15版)

Tantalum: Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 930107
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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鉭:到2029年的展望 (第15版) Tantalum: Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition
出版日期: 2020年03月31日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

鉭是對高性能應用來說重要的材料,不過,全球生產量比較少,限於幾個主要地區、生產者。鉭生產的地區分佈,現在,大幅變動著。近幾年,作為鋰礦山的副產品澳洲的低成本生產劇增,構成2018年的全球生產量的5%。

本報告提供全球鉭市場相關調查分析,闡明全球生產、消費趨勢,國際交易,及價格等需求的展望,並提供主要企業簡介等資訊。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 供給
  • 交易
  • 需求
  • 價格
  • Covid-19冠狀病毒的發生的影響

第2章 鉭的流程圖

第3章 全球生產、成本、永續性

  • 全球生產
    • 一次供給
    • 二次供給
  • 生產成本
    • 一次礦山
    • 二次礦山
    • 加工
  • 永續性
    • 環境,社會,管治(ESG)
    • 重要的原料
    • 舉措

第4章 全球消費

第5章 國際交易

  • 鉭礦石、濃縮物
  • 錫礦渣
  • 鉭金屬、合金
  • 鉭化合物
  • 貿易管理、課題
    • 無糾紛的採購
    • 運輸法規
    • 關稅

第6章 價格

  • 鉭礦石、濃縮物
  • 鉭化合物
  • 鉭金屬

第7章 展望

  • 供給展望
  • 需求展望
  • 市場平衡展望
  • 價格展望
    • 礦石、濃縮物
    • 五氧化鉭、鉭金屬

第8章 背景

  • 產量、蘊藏量
    • 產量
    • 蘊藏量、資源
  • 礦山、加工

第9章 國家簡介

  • 安哥拉
  • 澳洲
  • 奧地利
  • 玻利維亞
  • 巴西
  • 布隆迪
  • 加拿大
  • 查德
  • 中國
  • 哥倫比亞
  • 剛果民主共和國
  • 剛果共和國
  • 象牙海岸共和國
  • 捷克
  • 愛沙尼亞
  • 衣索比亞
  • 芬蘭
  • 法國
  • 加彭
  • 德國
  • 印度
  • 日本
  • 哈薩克
  • 馬來西亞
  • 墨西哥
  • 莫三比克
  • 奈米比亞
  • 奈及利亞
  • 葡萄牙
  • 俄羅斯
  • 盧安達
  • 獅子山共和國
  • 南非
  • 西班牙
  • 坦尚尼亞
  • 泰國
  • 烏干達
  • 英國
  • 烏克蘭
  • 美國
  • 委內瑞拉
  • 辛巴威

第10章 最終用途

  • 電容器
  • 鉭化合物
  • 合金添加劑
  • 濺鍍用靶材
  • 鉭工廠產品
  • 超硬合金

第11章 企業簡介

  • 生產者
  • 計劃

第12章 宏觀經濟展望

目錄

Tantalum is a critical material for high performance applications, but global production is relatively small and limited to a few key regions and producers. The regional distribution of tantalum production is currently in major flux.

In recent years, low-cost Australian production as a by-product of lithium mining has grown rapidly to account for 5% of global production in 2018, at the expense of some traditional mining in Africa. Australian by-product mines continued to ramp up through the first half of 2019 but external factors in the lithium market began to limit their development and, by the end of 2019, production was much lower than expected with one new producer expected to leave the market. Despite this, Australia's contribution to global tantalum supply still increased to around 17% in 2019 and is expected to exceed 20% by 2020. Understanding the possible scenarios for future supply will be key to understanding the tantalum market as a whole. How strongly are Australian producers expected to recover? Will we see a return to African growth? Could other major producers look to leave the market in the current weak price climate?

Other major producing regions include the Great Lakes region of central Africa as well as Brazil, where the Pitinga mine is expanding and small-scale production in the region is also growing. African production comes mainly from the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda, an area which continues to come under pressure from both global governments and industry for increased transparency to its supply chain. Despite much recent headway, this area is still associated with illegal, or even conflict, mining and smuggling. The EU's new Conflict Minerals regulation will come into force in 2021 and parallels the aims of the 2010 US Dodd Frank provision to put more responsibility on the shoulders of consumers. The London Metal Exchange also aims to bring in a ban on the trading of metals that are not responsibly sourced. However, the reality is that much of the cost of such schemes is borne by producers and acts, in effect, as an extra charge when African producers sell into markets outside of China.

Tantalum is a small industry and has historically been susceptible to rapid changes in market balance with volatile price movements. During the Australian ramp up, tantalum prices responded with a sharp decline, falling from US$100/lb in mid-2018 (for 30% Ta2O5 concentrate, CIF China) to US$54/lb by Q3 2019, as quoted by Asian Metal. With low cost by-product contributions to global supply now expected to grow less rapidly, Roskill forecasts price recovery in late 2019/early 2020. However, the timing and level of this recovery depends on several factors and prices are unlikely to return to their previous high. Firstly, there will be the shift in regional production in the coming months and the availability of supply to consumers, some of which are expected to look for safety in higher cost, longer term contracts. External factors of lithium demand (namely, the uptake of EVs in China) and the opening of new lithium refineries in China, will impact the ability for remaining Australian producers to recover their ramp-up, although they are also thought to be harbouring significant stocks which will help to see them through.

Tantalum is used in high performance capacitors, superalloys and other applications consumed widely in aerospace, military and consumer electronics.

While capacitors will remain the largest application (accounting for around 36% of the 2.4kt Ta of estimated demand in 2019), the largest growth will come from chemical applications and tantalum mill products. With ongoing electrification of our homes and vehicles, tantalum will play an increasingly important role in future-from ensuring safety in autonomous vehicles to maintaining performance in the next generation of electrical devices and communications technology.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • What major factors will drive price movement?
  • How will regional production change over the next decade?
  • Which end uses are expected to see the largest increases in consumption?
  • What will be the tantalum supply-demand balance out to 2029?
  • What growth can be expected in by-product tantalum from lithium mining?

12 month subscription includes:

  • Analysis report with forecast to 2029
  • Access to the report online through Roskill Interactive for up to 5 users
  • Access to the analysts for discussion around report content
  • Regular quarterly updates of report

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1. Supply
  • 1.2. Trade
  • 1.3. Demand
  • 1.4. Prices
  • 1.5. Impact of the Covid-19 coronavirus outbreak

2. Tantalum flowchart

3. World production, costs and sustainability

  • 3.1. World production
    • 3.1.1. Primary supply
      • 3.1.1.1. Conventional mining
      • 3.1.1.2. Artisanal mining
      • 3.1.1.3. By-product tantalum from lithium minerals
    • 3.1.2. Secondary supply
      • 3.1.2.1. Tin slags
      • 3.1.2.2. Stockpiles and inventories
      • 3.1.2.3. Recycling
  • 3.2. Production costs
    • 3.2.1. Primary mines
    • 3.2.2. Secondary mines
    • 3.2.3. Processing
  • 3.3. Sustainability
    • 3.3.1. Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)
      • 3.3.1.1. Environmental
      • 3.3.1.2. Social
    • 3.3.2. Critical raw materials
    • 3.3.3. Initiatives
      • 3.3.3.1. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
      • 3.3.3.2. European Union Conflict Minerals Regulation
      • 3.3.3.3. Dodd-Frank Act on Conflict Minerals
      • 3.3.3.4. China Chamber of Commerce of Metals, Minerals & Chemicals Importers and Exporters (CCCMC)
      • 3.3.3.5. Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP)
      • 3.3.3.6. International Tin Supply Chain Initiative (ITSCi)
      • 3.3.3.7. LME Red Flag Assessment scheme
      • 3.3.3.8. Responsible Sourcing Blockchain Network (RSBN)
      • 3.3.3.9. Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance
      • 3.3.3.10. Responsible Mining Index
      • 3.3.3.11. Global Reporting Initiative

4. World consumption

5. International trade

  • 5.1. Tantalum ores and concentrates
    • 5.1.1. Gross weight basis
    • 5.1.2. Contained Ta2O5 basis
      • 5.1.2.1. Exports (estimated from imports)
      • 5.1.2.2. Imports
      • 5.1.2.3. Market value
  • 5.2. Tin slags
  • 5.3. Tantalum metal and alloys
  • 5.4. Tantalum compounds
  • 5.5. Trade controls and issues
    • 5.5.1. Conflict-free sourcing
    • 5.5.2. Transport regulations
    • 5.5.3. Tariffs

6. Prices

  • 6.1. Tantalum ores and concentrates
  • 6.2. Tantalum chemicals
  • 6.3. Tantalum metal

7. Outlook

  • 7.1. Outlook for supply
  • 7.2. Outlook for demand
  • 7.3. Outlook for market balance
  • 7.4. Outlook for prices
    • 7.4.1. Ores and concentrates
    • 7.4.2. Tantalum pentoxide and tantalum metal

8. Background

  • 8.1. Occurrence and reserves
    • 8.1.1. Occurrence
    • 8.1.2. Reserves and resources
  • 8.2. Mining and processing

9. Country profiles

  • 9.1. Angola
  • 9.2. Australia
    • 9.2.1. Reserves
    • 9.2.2. Production and exports of tantalum minerals
    • 9.2.3. Tantalum producers and projects
  • 9.3. Austria
  • 9.4. Bolivia
  • 9.5. Brazil
    • 9.5.1. Reserves of tantalum
    • 9.5.2. Production and exports of tantalum
    • 9.5.3. Tantalum producers
  • 9.6. Burundi
  • 9.7. Canada
    • 9.7.1. Reserves of tantalum
    • 9.7.2. Tantalum projects
  • 9.8. Chad
  • 9.9. China
    • 9.9.1. Reserves of tantalum
    • 9.9.2. Tantalum trade
    • 9.9.3. Tantalum producers
  • 9.10. Colombia
  • 9.11. Congo, Democratic Republic of
  • 9.12. Congo, Republic of the
  • 9.13. Cote d'Ivoire
  • 9.14. Czech Republic
  • 9.15. Estonia
  • 9.16. Ethiopia
  • 9.17. Finland
  • 9.18. France
  • 9.19. Gabon
  • 9.20. Germany
    • 9.20.1. Tantalum processors
  • 9.21. India
  • 9.22. Japan
    • 9.22.1. Tantalum trade
    • 9.22.2. Tantalum processors
  • 9.23. Kazakhstan
    • 9.23.1. Tantalum trade
    • 9.23.2. Tantalum processors
  • 9.24. Malaysia
  • 9.25. Mexico
  • 9.26. Mozambique
  • 9.27. Namibia
  • 9.28. Nigeria
  • 9.29. Portugal
  • 9.30. Russia
    • 9.30.1. Reserves of tantalum
    • 9.30.2. Tantalum trade
    • 9.30.3. Tantalum producers and projects
  • 9.31. Rwanda
    • 9.31.1. Tantalum producers and projects
  • 9.32. Sierra Leone
  • 9.33. South Africa
  • 9.34. Spain
  • 9.35. Tanzania
  • 9.36. Thailand
    • 9.36.1. Tantalum trade
    • 9.36.2. Producers and processors of tantalum
  • 9.37. Uganda
  • 9.38. UK
  • 9.39. Ukraine
  • 9.40. USA
    • 9.40.1. International trade in tantalum
    • 9.40.2. Tantalum processors, traders and recyclers
  • 9.41. Venezuela
  • 9.42. Zimbabwe

10. End uses for tantalum

  • 10.1. Capacitors
    • 10.1.1. Consumption of tantalum in capacitors
    • 10.1.2. Competition between capacitor materials
    • 10.1.3. Trends in the tantalum capacitor market
    • 10.1.4. Consumption of tantalum capacitors by application
    • 10.1.5. Consumption of tantalum capacitors by region
    • 10.1.6. Producers of tantalum capacitors
  • 10.2. Tantalum chemicals
    • 10.2.1. Consumption of tantalum in chemical applications
    • 10.2.2. High-purity oxides
      • 10.2.2.1. Use of high-purity oxide in surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters
      • 10.2.2.2. The use of high-purity oxide in optical coatings
    • 10.2.3. Standard-grade oxides and carbides
    • 10.2.4. Intermediate chemicals
    • 10.2.5. Producers of tantalum chemicals
  • 10.3. Alloy additives
    • 10.3.1. Consumption of tantalum in alloy additives
    • 10.3.2. High performance alloy (HPA)
      • 10.3.2.1. Production of superalloys
      • 10.3.2.2. Producers of superalloys
      • 10.3.2.3. Consumption of superalloys
      • 10.3.2.4. Superalloy recycling
    • 10.3.3. Aerospace applications for HPA
    • 10.3.4. Industrial gas turbine applications for HPA
    • 10.3.5. Other applications for HPA
    • 10.3.6. Applications for non-HPA alloys
  • 10.4. Sputtering targets
    • 10.4.1. Consumption of tantalum in sputtering targets
    • 10.4.2. Semiconductor applications
    • 10.4.3. Magnetic data storage
    • 10.4.4. Inkjet printing
    • 10.4.5. Producers of sputtering targets
  • 10.5. Tantalum mill products
    • 10.5.1. Consumption of tantalum in mill products
    • 10.5.2. Corrosion-resistant applications for tantalum mill products in the chemical processing industry
    • 10.5.3. Other applications for tantalum mill products
    • 10.5.4. Manufacture of tantalum mill products
    • 10.5.5. Producers of tantalum mill products
  • 10.6. Cemented carbides
    • 10.6.1. Consumption of tantalum in cemented carbides
    • 10.6.2. Trends in cemented carbide production
    • 10.6.3. Uses of cemented carbides
    • 10.6.4. Producers of tantalum carbide
    • 10.6.5. Production of cemented carbides by region
      • 10.6.5.1. Chinese cemented carbide trends
      • 10.6.5.2. European cemented carbide trends
      • 10.6.5.3. US cemented carbide trends
      • 10.6.5.4. Japanese cemented carbide trends

11. Company profiles

  • 11.1. Producers
    • 11.1.1. Alita Resources
    • 11.1.2. AMG Brasil
    • 11.1.3. Galaxy Resources
    • 11.1.4. Global Advanced Metals (GAM)
    • 11.1.5. JX Nippon Mining & Metals
    • 11.1.6. Lovozero Mining-Concentrating Combine
    • 11.1.7. Mineração Taboca
    • 11.1.8. Pilbara Minerals
    • 11.1.9. Talison Lithium
    • 11.1.10. Yichun Tantalum and Niobium Mine
  • 11.2. Projects
    • 11.2.1. Altura Mining
    • 11.2.2. Avalon Advanced Materials
    • 11.2.3. Chelyabinsk Pipe Works
    • 11.2.4. Critical Elements
    • 11.2.5. Frontier Lithium
    • 11.2.6. Jiangxi Ganfeng Lithium / Mineral Resources
    • 11.2.7. Prospect Resources
    • 11.2.8. Strategic Minerals Spain
    • 11.2.9. Technoinvest Alliance
  • 11.3. Processors
    • 11.3.1. ATI Specialty Alloys and Components
    • 11.3.2. Buss & Buss Spezialmetall
    • 11.3.3. Changsha South Tantalum Niobium
    • 11.3.4. Chengdu Nuclear 875 New Materials
    • 11.3.5. China Zhenhua (Group) Xinyun Electronic Components
    • 11.3.6. Duoluoshan Sapphire Rare Metals
    • 11.3.7. Exotech
    • 11.3.8. F&X Electro-Materials
    • 11.3.9. GAM Technology
    • 11.3.10. GfE
    • 11.3.11. Guangdong Guangsheng Rare Metal Photoelectric New Material
    • 11.3.12. Guangxi Youse Limu Mining
    • 11.3.13. H.C. Starck Fabricated Products Division
    • 11.3.14. Hengyang KingXing-Lifeng New Material
    • 11.3.15. Jiangxi Province Dinghai Tantalum & Niobium
    • 11.3.16. Jiayuan Cobalt (Zhiyuan)
    • 11.3.17. Jiujiang Jinxin Nonferrous Metals
    • 11.3.18. Jiujiang Tanbre
    • 11.3.19. Jiujiang Zhongao Tantalum & Niobium
    • 11.3.20. Kazatomprom
    • 11.3.21. Kemet Blue Powder
    • 11.3.22. KING-TAN Tantalum Industry
    • 11.3.23. Metalink International
    • 11.3.24. Neo Performance Metals (NPM) Silmet
    • 11.3.25. Ningxia Orient Tantalum Industry (OTIC)
    • 11.3.26. Plansee
    • 11.3.27. Solikamsk Magnesium Works (SMW)
    • 11.3.28. Thailand Smelting and Refining
    • 11.3.29. Yanling Jincheng Tantalum & Niobium
    • 11.3.30. Yichun Jinyang Rare Metal
    • 11.3.31. Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Works

12. Macro economic outlook

List of Tables

  • Table 1: World: Estimated primary supply of tantalum by region, 2013-2019
  • Table 2: World: Details of major primary tantalum mining operations, 2019
  • Table 3: World: Production of synthetic concentrate, 2010-2019
  • Table 4: Tantalum smelters conformant with RMAP standards, as of February 2020
  • Table 5: Critical raw materials identified by key government bodies
  • Table 6: OECD due diligence guidance for minerals - 5-step framework for upstream and downstream supply chains
  • Table 7: World: Estimated consumption of tantalum by application, 2009-2019
  • Table 8: World: Estimated imports of tantalum concentrates by country of origin, 2010-2019
  • Table 9: World: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates by selected countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 10: World: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates by selected countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 11: China: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 12: Thailand: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 13: USA: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 14: Estonia: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 15: Kazakhstan: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 16: India: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 17: Mexico: Imports of tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Table 18: World: Trade in tin slags, 2010-2019
  • Table 19: World: Reported imports of metallic tantalum, 2010-2019
  • Table 20: World: Reported imports of unwrought tantalum and tantalum powders, 2010-2019
  • Table 21: World: Reported imports of other tantalum, 2010-2019
  • Table 22: World: Reported imports of tantalum scrap, 2010-2019
  • Table 23: World: Imports of K-salt into Japan, 2010-2019
  • Table 24: Tantalum concentrate market prices, 2004-2019
  • Table 25: Prices of tantalum pentoxide, 2010-2019
  • Table 26: Prices of tantalum metal, 2010-2019
  • Table 27: World: Forecast supply of tantalum, 2019-2029
  • Table 28: Scenario 1: Forecast supply of tantalum, 2019-2029
  • Table 29: Scenario 2: Forecast supply of tantalum, 2019-2029
  • Table 30: World: Forecast demand for tantalum by application, 2019-2029
  • Table 31: Tantalum market balance calculation
  • Table 32: Base-case tantalum concentrate price forecast, 2020-2029
  • Table 33: Base-case tantalum pentoxide and tantalum metal price forecasts, 2020-2029
  • Table 34: Principal tantalum and niobium-bearing minerals
  • Table 35: World: Most likely resource base for tantalum
  • Table 36: Australia: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 37: Australia: Summary of production by operation, 2017-2019
  • Table 38: Austria: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 39: Bolivia: Exports of tantalum-niobium ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 40: Brazil: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 41: Brazil: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates and tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 42: Brazil: Summary of production by operation, 2017-2019
  • Table 43: Burundi: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 44: Canada: Details of potential tantalum-bearing development projects, 2019
  • Table 45: China: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 46: China: Summary of tantalum mineral deposits
  • Table 47: China: Imports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 48: China: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 49: China: Tantalum producers and tantalum/niobium processors, 2019
  • Table 50: DRC: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 51: DRC: Exports of tantalum-niobium ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 52: Congo: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 53: Republic of the Congo: Exports of tantalum-niobium ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 54: Czech Republic: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 55: Estonia: Trade in tantalum ores and concentrates, ferroniobium and tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 56: Ethiopia: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 57: Ethiopia: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 58: France: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 59: Germany: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 60: Germany: Imports of ash and residues containing mainly niobium or tantalum, 2011-2019
  • Table 61: Germany: Summary of main processors, 2019
  • Table 62: India: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 63: Japan: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 64: Japan: Imports of K-salt, 2011-2019
  • Table 65: Japan: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 66: Japan: Leading processors, consumers and traders of tantalum, 2019
  • Table 67: Kazakhstan: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 68: Kazakhstan: Trade in tantalum ores and concentrates and tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 69: Malaysia: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 70: Malaysia: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrate and tin slags, 2011-2019
  • Table 71: Mexico: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 72: Mozambique: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 73: Mozambique: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 74: Namibia: Summary of tantalum-niobium mineral resources
  • Table 75: Namibia: Summary of main producers, 2019
  • Table 76: Nigeria: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 77: Nigeria: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 78: Portugal: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 79: Russia: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 80: Russia: Principal deposits of tantalum- and niobium-bearing ores
  • Table 81: Russia: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 82: Russia: Summary of production by operation, 2015-2019
  • Table 83: Russia: Details of potential tantalum-bearing development projects, 2019
  • Table 84: Rwanda: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 85: Rwanda: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 86: Rwanda: Summary of known producers, 2019
  • Table 87: Sierra Leone: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 88: Thailand: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 89: Thailand: Trade in tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 90: Thailand: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 91: UK: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 92: UK: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 93: UK: Leading processors, consumers and traders of tantalum, 2019
  • Table 94: USA: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 95: USA: Trade in tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 96: USA: Trade in tantalum metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 97: USA: Leading processors, consumers and traders of tantalum, 2019
  • Table 98: Zimbabwe: Summary statistics, 2011-2019
  • Table 99: Zimbabwe: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2011-2019
  • Table 100: Zimbabwe: Details of potential tantalum-bearing development projects, 2019
  • Table 101: Applications for tantalum
  • Table 102: World: Estimated consumption of tantalum by application, 2009-2019
  • Table 103: Comparison of the strengths and weaknesses of aluminium, ceramic and tantalum capacitors
  • Table 104: Production bases for leading tantalum capacitor manufacturers
  • Table 105: Applications for SAW components
  • Table 106: Summary of principal tantalum-bearing alloys
  • Table 107: Elements and their function in HPA
  • Table 108: Composition of typical single-crystal nickel-based superalloys
  • Table 109: Leading producers of superalloys
  • Table 110: World: Leading manufacturers of aircraft engines
  • Table 111: Major producers of IGTs
  • Table 112: Reagents to which tantalum is not chemically resistant
  • Table 113: Corrosion rates for tantalum in hydrochloric acid
  • Table 114: Mechanical properties of tantalum mill products
  • Table 115: Physical properties of tantalum carbide
  • Table 116: Typical specification for technical-grade tantalum pentoxide used in carbides
  • Table 117: World: Forecast production of cemented carbides, 2019-2029
  • Table 118: Suppliers and fabricators of selected carbides
  • Table 119: Japan: Production of ultra-hard metals by end-use, 2011-2018
  • Table 120: AMG Brasil: Total resources at the Mibra mine
  • Table 121: Wodgina: Tantalum mineral resources, 2017
  • Table 122: Production of loparite concentrate at Lovozero, 2011-2019
  • Table 123: Mineracao Taboca: Production of mineral concentrate, columbite and ferroalloys, 2016-2018
  • Table 124: Pilbara Minerals: Production, sales and stocks of tantalum concentrate, 2018-2019
  • Table 125: Kazatomprom: Production of tantalum products, 2010-2018
  • Table 126: NPM Silmet: Specifications for niobium and tantalum raw materials
  • Table 127: Solikamsk: Production of tantalum oxide, 2011-2019
  • Table 128: Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 129: Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 130: Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 131: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 132: Forecast inflation for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 133: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2019-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: estimated supply of tantalum (2,101t Ta2O5) by source, 2019
  • Figure 2: Historical and forecast supply of tantalum by region,, 2013-2029
  • Figure 3: World: Estimated exports of tantalum concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Figure 4: Historical and forecast demand for tantalum by application, 2009-2029
  • Figure 5: World: Forecast demand growth for tantalum by application, 2019-2029
  • Figure 6: Heatmap of probabilistic price movements for tantalum concentrate, 2019-2029
  • Figure 7: World: Forecast growth in tantalum demand and GDP, 2000-2030
  • Figure 8: Tantalum flowchart
  • Figure 9: World: Primary and secondary tantalum supply by region, 2013-2019
  • Figure 10: World: Estimated primary supply of tantalum by region, 2019
  • Figure 11: UN sustainable development goals
  • Figure 12: Roskill's ESG framework
  • Figure 13: Criticality matrix
  • Figure 14: European CRM list 2017
  • Figure 15: World: Estimated consumption of tantalum by application, 2009-2019
  • Figure 16: World: Estimated consumption of tantalum by application, 2009 and 2019
  • Figure 17: World: Reported imports and exports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2018
  • Figure 18: World: Reported imports and exports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2018
  • Figure 19: World: Adjusted imports and exports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2018
  • Figure 20: World: Adjusted imports and exports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2018
  • Figure 21: World: Reported imports and exports, and adjusted world imports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2018
  • Figure 22: World: Reported imports of HS 261590 sub-codes, 2010-2019
  • Figure 23: World: Reported imports by sub-code and adjusted imports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2019
  • Figure 24: World: Reported imports by sub-code and adjusted imports of niobium, tantalum and vanadium ores and concentrates, 2010-2018 (US$M gross weight)
  • Figure 25: World: Estimated imports of tantalum concentrates by region of origin, 2010-2019
  • Figure 26: World: Estimated market value of imports of contained Ta2O5, 2010-2019
  • Figure 27: Monthly tantalum concentrate market prices, 2017-2019
  • Figure 28: Year-end prices of tantalum and niobium concentrates, 2007-2019
  • Figure 29: Year-end prices of tantalum concentrate and tantalum pentoxide, 2010-2019
  • Figure 30: Year-end price differential between tantalum concentrate and tantalum pentoxide, 2010-2019
  • Figure 31: Price premium for 99.99% Ta2O5 over 99.5% Ta2O5, 2015-2019
  • Figure 32: Scenario 1: Forecast supply of tantalum by region, 2019-2029
  • Figure 33: Scenario 1: Forecast supply of tantalum by type of production, 2019-2029
  • Figure 34: Scenario 2: Forecast supply of tantalum by region, 2019-2029
  • Figure 35: Scenario 2: Forecast supply of tantalum by type of production, 2019-2029
  • Figure 36: World: Forecast demand for tantalum by application, 2019-2029
  • Figure 37: World: Forecast demand for tantalum by application, 2019 and 2029
  • Figure 38: World: Forecast demand growth for tantalum by application, 2019-2029
  • Figure 39: Scenario 1: Projected tantalum market balance, 2019-2029
  • Figure 40: Scenario 2: Projected tantalum market balance, 2019-2029
  • Figure 41: Forecast and actual tantalum concentrate prices, 2019
  • Figure 42: Heatmap of probabilistic price movements for tantalum concentrate, 2019-2029
  • Figure 43: Tantalum concentrate base-case forecast and high/low/annual average, 2020-2029
  • Figure 44: Tantalum pentoxide base-case forecast and high/low/annual average, 2020-2029
  • Figure 45: Heatmap of probabilistic price movements for tantalum pentoxide, 2019-2029
  • Figure 46: Tantalum metal base-case forecast and high/low/annual average, 2020-2029
  • Figure 47: Heatmap of probabilistic price movements for tantalum metal, 2019-2029
  • Figure 48: Solvent extraction of tantalum and niobium compounds
  • Figure 49: Production of tantalum powder by sodium reduction of K-salt
  • Figure 50: Australia: Production of tantalum minerals, 2002-2019
  • Figure 51: World: Historical and forecast demand for tantalum in capacitors, 2009-2029
  • Figure 52: World: Capacitor market by value, 2019
  • Figure 53: World: Historical and forecast shipments of tantalum capacitors by quantity and unit value, 2005-2029
  • Figure 54: World: Historical and forecast sales of smartphones, mobile phones and wearables, 2000-2029
  • Figure 55: World: Forecast sales of electronic devices, 2009-2029
  • Figure 56: World: Demand for tantalum capacitors by application, 2019
  • Figure 57: World: Forecast demand for tantalum capacitors by sector, 2019 and 2023
  • Figure 58: World: Demand for tantalum capacitors by region, 2019
  • Figure 59: World: Historical and forecast demand for tantalum in tantalum chemicals, 2009-2029
  • Figure 60: World: Historical and forecast demand for non-silicon wafers for MtM applications, 2016-2023 (% in surface processed)
  • Figure 61: World: Forecast tantalum demand in alloy additives compared to estimated jet engine/IGT production, 2009-2029
  • Figure 62: World: Production of HPA by type, 2019
  • Figure 63: Elemental effects of metals in HPA
  • Figure 64: End-uses for superalloys, 2019
  • Figure 65: Airline traffic and capacity, 2009-2029 (Bn)
  • Figure 66: World: Historical and forecast deliveries of commercial jet aircraft, 2009-2029
  • Figure 67: World: Historical and forecast deliveries of commercial jet engines, 2009-2029
  • Figure 68: World: Historical industrial gas turbine orders by region, 2009-2019
  • Figure 69: World: Sputtering target market by material, 2018
  • Figure 70: World: Historical and forecast demand for tantalum in sputtering targets, 2009-2029
  • Figure 71: World: Value of semiconductor shipments by market and region, 2018
  • Figure 72: World: Historical and forecast demand for tantalum in mill products, 2009-2029
  • Figure 73: World: Historical and forecast demand for tantalum in cemented carbides, 2009-2029
  • Figure 74: World: Forecast end use markets for cemented carbides, 2020-2029
  • Figure 75: China: Cemented carbide output vs. motor vehicle production, 2011-2018
  • Figure 76: China: Consumption of tool materials by type, 2007 and 2017
  • Figure 77: China: Main end-use applications for cutting tools, 2018
  • Figure 78: Europe: Cemented carbide end markets, 2018
  • Figure 79: USA: Cemented carbide end markets, 2018
  • Figure 80: USA: Oil and gas rig count, 2011-2018
  • Figure 81: Japan: Production of ultra-hard metals by end use, 2018
  • Figure 82: Japan: Hard tools production by type (value), 2018
  • Figure 83: Greenbushes production, 2011-2019