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全球螢石市場:至2029年預測

Fluorspar: Outlook to 2029, 14th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 928098
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
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全球螢石市場:至2029年預測 Fluorspar: Outlook to 2029, 14th Edition
出版日期: 2020年02月14日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

氟是最具化學反應性的元素,全球螢石的需求主要來自化學工業。化學產業佔需求大部分的情形,預計持續到2029年。

氟化物產品,全都來自氟化氫酸 (HF)的製造,而氫氟酸本身是由酸級氟石(acidspar)生產。HF在化學領域的最大應用是碳氟化合物的生產。為了製造碳氟化合物使用的HF量,2018年時刻為約100萬噸,需要超越200萬噸的acidspar。碳氟化合物,大致區分為原料用,非原料用,有機氟化合物。促進acidspar的消費量擴大的最大要素,是碳氟化合物部門,從2018年到2019年初大幅擴大。對此,冶金等級的螢石 (Metspar)的需求下降,現在停留在全球螢石需求整體的39%。

本報告提供今後成為成長原動力可能性高的螢石的哪個應用領域,歐盟和美國由於全球變暖潛能高(GWP)而對某些氫氟碳化合物和氫氯氟碳化合物的使用緊縮限制,碳氟化合物市場上螢石的利用今後是否也將繼續嚴格,粗鋼生產預測將如何,在原生鋁生產的螢石使用量,今後是否也將持續增加,螢石的單位消費量,副產品的氟矽酸(FSA)生產的氟化鋁(AlF3)的數量,原生鋁的生產量水準帶給螢石需求的影響今後將如何,螢石價格的上升,是否支撐非洲的生產復甦,中國以外的國家進行的新計劃對減輕供給方面的不安有多少程度的貢獻,等疑問回答。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 螢石的流程圖

第3章 全球螢石,HF,AlF3生產量

第4章 全球螢石,HF,AlF3消費量

第5章 螢石,HF,AlF3國際貿易

第6章 價格和價格趨勢

第7章 到2029年的展望

第8章 背景

第9章 各國的資訊

第10章 終端用戶

第11章 企業簡介

第12章 宏觀經濟的展望

目錄

Fluorine is the most chemically reactive element and world fluorspar demand is dominated by the chemical industry. This dominance is expected to continue throughout the outlook period to 2029.

All fluorochemicals are derived initially from the manufacture of hydrofluoric acid (HF), itself produced from acid-grade fluorspar (acidspar). The largest chemical sector application for HF is in the production of fluorocarbons. Overall, production of fluorocarbons is estimated to have consumed approximately 1Mt of HF in 2018, requiring >2Mt of acidspar. This was split between non-feedstock fluorocarbons and feedstock fluorocarbons and other fluoro-organics. Consumption of acidspar, driven mainly by this sector, increased in 2018 and early 2019. In contrast, demand for metallurgical grade fluorspar, metspar, declined. Metspar now accounts for just 39% of total world demand for fluorspar.

Chinese fluorspar spot prices for both metspar and acidspar have reached multi-year highs in 2018 and 2019, with lower-grade metspar sometimes bizarrely costing more than >97% purity acidspar. The turnaround in supply/demand was dramatic; until February 2017, fluorspar prices had fluctuated around five-year lows as world supply outstripped demand. Even at their five-year low level, however, it is important to note that fluorspar prices were five times higher in US$/t than they were in 2000. The price of fluorspar generally is on a long-term upward trend. Fluorspar cannot be recycled, it must be mined. It is an essential raw material in many modern consumer products. As an example, an estimated half of all new medicines contain fluorspar derivatives. Fluorspar has been identified as a strategic raw material by the US Department of The Interior, European Union and several other government bodies around the world.

China accounts for about 50% of world fluorspar production and sudden mine closures there since 2017, particularly in southeastern China, were prompted by environmental inspections and coincided with a time of lower seasonal production levels due to traditional winter production cuts.

Fluorspar prices outside China and those negotiated on long-term contracts, for example the South African FOB acidspar price ex-Durban, have recorded significant increases since supply disruptions in China hit international markets. 2020 fluorspar contract negotiations will begin in September-October 2019 and the agreed prices will be the benchmark for the industry.

Tough environmental inspections are reported to be continuing in China, and while the full extent to which fluorspar production has been affected is being debated, exports from China have continued to decline. Consumption is expected to continue to be driven by fluorspar's use in chemicals, steel and aluminium.

New fluorspar production capacity in Canada came online in 2018 and new capacity in South Africa started up on 1 August 2019. Canada Fluorspar is expected to increase production capacity to 200,000tpy acid-grade concentrate, while SepFluor in South Africa will produce 180,000tpy acidspar plus 30ktpy metspar, with plans to add value by also producing HF and aluminium fluoride.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • Which applications for fluorspar are likely to drive future growth?
  • Will fluorspar use in the fluorocarbon market continue to be challenging as both the European Union and USA introduce more restrictions on the use of certain hydrofluorcarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons due to their GWP (Global Warming Potential)?
  • What is the outlook for crude steel production?
  • Will the use of fluorspar in primary aluminium production continue to grow? How will trends in unit consumption of fluorspar, quantity of AlF3 produced from by-product FSA and the level of primary aluminium output affect fluorspar demand?
  • Will rising prices support a recovery in production in Africa? To what extent might new projects outside China contribute to alleviating supply concerns?

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Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1. Supply
  • 1.2. Demand
  • 1.3. Trade
  • 1.4. Prices
  • 1.5. Outlook

2. Fluorspar flowchart

3. World production and production costs

  • 3.1. World production of metspar
  • 3.2. World production of acidspar
    • 3.2.1. Fluorspar operations-production costs
  • 3.3. World capacity and production of HF
  • 3.4. World capacity and production of AlF3

4. World consumption

5. International trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3

  • 5.1. Exports of metspar
  • 5.2. Exports of acidspar
  • 5.3. Imports of fluorspar
    • 5.3.1. Imports of metspar
    • 5.3.2. Imports of acidspar
  • 5.4. International trade in hydrogen fluoride (HF)
  • 5.5. International trade in aluminium fluoride (AlF3)
  • 5.6. International trade in synthetic cryolite

6. Prices and price trends

  • 6.1. Fluorspar prices
  • 6.2. Outlook for fluorspar prices
  • 6.3. Hydrogen fluoride prices
  • 6.4. Aluminium fluoride prices
  • 6.5. Synthetic cryolite prices
  • 6.6. Fluorosilicic acid (FSA)
  • 6.7. Price risk factors

7. Outlook

  • 7.1. Outlook for fluorspar demand
  • 7.2. Outlook for fluorspar supply
  • 7.3. Outlook for supply-demand balance
  • 7.4. Outlook for prices
    • 7.4.1. Acidspar
    • 7.4.2. Metspar
    • 7.4.3. Overview of fluorspar price trends
    • 7.4.4. HF and Aluminium fluoride
  • 7.5. Uncertainties and other factors affecting the outlook for fluorspar

8. Background

  • 8.1. Mineralogy of fluorspar
  • 8.2. Occurrences of fluorspar
  • 8.3. Resources of fluorspar
    • 8.3.1. Reserves and resources in China
  • 8.4. Reserves and resources in Mongolia
  • 8.5. Fluorapatite
  • 8.6. Other sources of fluorine
  • 8.7. Mining and processing of fluorspar
    • 8.7.1. Fluorspar
    • 8.7.2. Grades of fluorspar
    • 8.7.3. Hydrofluoric acid
    • 8.7.4. Aluminium fluoride
    • 8.7.5. Synthetic cryolite

9. Fluorspar production and processing by country

  • 9.1. Afghanistan
    • 9.1.1. Producers of fluorspar
  • 9.2. Argentina
    • 9.2.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.2.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.3. Australia
    • 9.3.1. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.3.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.4. Bahrain
  • 9.5. Belarus
  • 9.6. Belgium
    • 9.6.1. Markets for fluorspar
      • 9.6.1.1. Solvay Fluor
  • 9.7. Brazil
    • 9.7.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.7.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.8. Bulgaria
  • 9.9. Canada
    • 9.9.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.9.2. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.9.3. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.10. China
    • 9.10.1. Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3
    • 9.10.2. Reserves and resources of fluorspar
    • 9.10.3. Government policies
      • 9.10.3.1. Environmental considerations
      • 9.10.3.2. Protectionism and trade disputes
    • 9.10.4. Producers of fluorspar
      • 9.10.4.1. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.10.5. Markets for fluorspar
      • 9.10.5.1. Producers of HF
      • 9.10.5.2. Producers of AlF3
      • 9.10.5.3. Manufacturers of fluorinated downstream products
  • 9.11. Czech Republic
    • 9.11.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.11.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.12. Egypt
    • 9.12.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.12.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.13. France
    • 9.13.1. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.14. Germany
    • 9.14.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.14.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.15. India
    • 9.15.1. Producers of fluorspar
      • 9.15.1.1. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.15.2. Markets for fluorspar
      • 9.15.2.1. Producers of HF
      • 9.15.2.2. Producers of AlF3
      • 9.15.2.3. Manufacturers of fluorinated downstream products
  • 9.16. Indonesia
  • 9.17. Iran
    • 9.17.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.17.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.18. Iraq
  • 9.19. Italy
    • 9.19.1. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.20. Japan
    • 9.20.1. Markets for fluorspar
      • 9.20.1.1. Producers of HF
      • 9.20.1.2. Manufacturers of downstream fluorinated products
      • 9.20.1.3. Trade dispute with South Korea
  • 9.21. Jordan
  • 9.22. Kazakhstan
  • 9.23. Kenya
  • 9.24. North Korea
  • 9.25. South Korea
    • 9.25.1. Markets for fluorspar
      • 9.25.1.1. Trade dispute with Japan
  • 9.26. Kyrgyzstan
    • 9.26.1. Producers of fluorspar
  • 9.27. Lithuania
  • 9.28. Mexico
    • 9.28.1. Trade in fluorspar
    • 9.28.2. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.28.3. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.29. Mongolia
    • 9.29.1. Trade
    • 9.29.2. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.29.3. Fluorspar projects
  • 9.30. Morocco
    • 9.30.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.30.2. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.30.3. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.31. Myanmar
    • 9.31.1. Fluorspar projects
  • 9.32. Namibia
  • 9.33. Netherlands
  • 9.34. Norway
    • 9.34.1. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.34.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.35. Pakistan
  • 9.36. Romania
  • 9.37. Russia
    • 9.37.1. Producers of fluorspar
      • 9.37.1.1. Yaroslavl Mining Company (YAGRK)
      • 9.37.1.2. Zabaikalsky GOK (ZabGOK)
    • 9.37.2. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.37.3. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.38. Singapore
  • 9.39. South Africa
    • 9.39.1. Producers of fluorspar
      • 9.39.1.1. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.39.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.40. Spain
    • 9.40.1. Producers of fluorspar
      • 9.40.1.1. Minerales y Productos Derivados SA (Minersa)
      • 9.40.1.2. Minera de Órgiva
    • 9.40.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.41. Sweden
    • 9.41.1. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.41.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.42. Taiwan
    • 9.42.1. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.43. Tajikistan
    • 9.43.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.43.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.44. Thailand
    • 9.44.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.44.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.45. Tunisia
    • 9.45.1. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.46. UAE
    • 9.46.1. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.47. UK
    • 9.47.1. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.47.2. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.48. USA
    • 9.48.1. Trade in fluorspar and HF
    • 9.48.2. Producers of fluorspar
    • 9.48.3. Fluorspar projects
    • 9.48.4. Markets for fluorspar
  • 9.49. Vietnam
    • 9.49.1. Producers of fluorspar

10. End uses

  • 10.1. Fluorocarbons
    • 10.1.1. Introduction to fluorocarbons
      • 10.1.1.1. Key fluorocarbon molecules and mixtures
      • 10.1.1.2. Impact of environmental legislation
      • 10.1.1.3. Relationship with global warming
      • 10.1.1.4. Direct and indirect global warming impact
      • 10.1.1.5. Four generations of fluorocarbons
      • 10.1.1.6. Non-feedstock and feedstock applications
    • 10.1.2. Non-feedstock fluorocarbons
      • 10.1.2.1. Main markets
      • 10.1.2.2. Understanding market sub-sectors
      • 10.1.2.3. Desirable fluorocarbon properties
      • 10.1.2.4. Understanding flammability
      • 10.1.2.5. Market sectors
      • 10.1.2.6. Regulatory impact
      • 10.1.2.7. Production and consumption of CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs and HFOs
      • 10.1.2.8. Future trends in fluorocarbon usage
      • 10.1.2.9. Outlook for fluorspar demand in non-feedstock fluorocarbons
    • 10.1.3. Feedstock (captive) fluorocarbons and fluoro-organic applications
      • 10.1.3.1. Fluoropolymers
      • 10.1.3.2. Fluoroelastomers (FKM)
      • 10.1.3.3. Other fluoro-organic end-uses
      • 10.1.3.4. Outlook for feedstock fluorocarbon and other fluoro-organic markets
  • 10.2. Other applications for chemicals derived from HF
    • 10.2.1. Electronics industry
      • 10.2.1.1. Wet chemicals (ultra-high purity HF and buffered oxide etch)
      • 10.2.1.2. Electronic fluorogases
      • 10.2.1.3. Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)
      • 10.2.1.4. Fluorine (F2)
      • 10.2.1.5. Tungsten hexafluoride (WF6)
      • 10.2.1.6. Xenon difluoride (XeF2)
      • 10.2.1.7. Outlook
    • 10.2.2. Metal processing
      • 10.2.2.1. Steel pickling and other applications
      • 10.2.2.2. Hydrometallurgical extraction of niobium and tantalum
      • 10.2.2.3. Potassium aluminium fluoride (PAF or KAlF4)
      • 10.2.2.4. Outlook
    • 10.2.3. Nuclear fuel production
      • 10.2.3.1. HF use in conversion
      • 10.2.3.2. Secondary sources of conversion supply
      • 10.2.3.3. Deconversion
      • 10.2.3.4. Trends in nuclear energy
      • 10.2.3.5. Outlook
    • 10.2.4. Petroleum alkylation
      • 10.2.4.1. Outlook
    • 10.2.5. Glass, optics, and high-purity quartz
      • 10.2.5.1. Glass
      • 10.2.5.2. Optics
      • 10.2.5.3. High-purity quartz
      • 10.2.5.4. Outlook
    • 10.2.6. Lithium ion battery (LiB) electrolyte salts, solvents and additives
      • 10.2.6.1. Lithium electrolyte salts
      • 10.2.6.2. Fluorinated solvents for LiBs
      • 10.2.6.3. Other additives
      • 10.2.6.4. Fluoride ion batteries
      • 10.2.6.5. Outlook
    • 10.2.7. Boron trifluoride (BF3)
      • 10.2.7.1. Outlook
    • 10.2.8. Sulphuryl fluoride (SO2F2)
      • 10.2.8.1. Outlook
    • 10.2.9. Healthcare and fluoridation
      • 10.2.9.1. Water fluoridation
      • 10.2.9.2. Salt fluoridation
      • 10.2.9.3. Toothpastes and other dental applications
      • 10.2.9.4. Outlook
    • 10.2.10. Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
      • 10.2.10.1. Outlook
    • 10.2.11. Inorganic fluoride salts
      • 10.2.11.1. Potassium fluoride, sodium fluoride and bifluorides
      • 10.2.11.2. Ammonium fluoride and bifluoride
      • 10.2.11.3. Fluorosilicates
      • 10.2.11.4. Others
      • 10.2.11.5. Outlook
    • 10.2.12. Detergents (LAS)
      • 10.2.12.1. Outlook
    • 10.2.13. Treatment of natural graphite
      • 10.2.13.1. Outlook
    • 10.2.14. Outlook for fluorspar demand in other applications for chemicals derived from HF
  • 10.3. Use of fluorspar in the production of primary aluminium
    • 10.3.1. Supply of aluminium fluoride
    • 10.3.2. Consumption of aluminium fluoride
    • 10.3.3. Use of fluorine in the aluminium industry
      • 10.3.3.1. Process flow
      • 10.3.3.2. Sources of fluorine additions
    • 10.3.4. Trends in the aluminium market
      • 10.3.4.1. Production of aluminium
      • 10.3.4.2. Consumption of aluminium
      • 10.3.4.3. End uses of aluminium
    • 10.3.5. Outlook for fluorspar demand in primary aluminium production
      • 10.3.5.1. Outlook for aluminium production
      • 10.3.5.2. Unit consumption of fluorspar per tonne of aluminium produced
      • 10.3.5.3. Quantity of AlF3 produced from by-product FSA
      • 10.3.5.4. Outlook for fluorspar demand in aluminium production
  • 10.4. Use of fluorspar in iron and steel production
    • 10.4.1. Use of fluorspar in the iron and steel industry
    • 10.4.2. Supply of metspar to the steel industry
    • 10.4.3. Consumption of fluorspar in the iron and steel industry
      • 10.4.3.1. Producers of crude steel
    • 10.4.4. Trends in the iron and steel market
      • 10.4.4.1. Production of crude steel
      • 10.4.4.2. Apparent consumption of steel
      • 10.4.4.3. Production of stainless steel
      • 10.4.4.4. Scrap usage in stainless steel
      • 10.4.4.5. Markets for stainless steel
      • 10.4.4.6. Markets for steel alloys
    • 10.4.5. Outlook for fluorspar use in iron and steel production
      • 10.4.5.1. Outlook for steel production
      • 10.4.5.2. Outlook for stainless steel production
      • 10.4.5.3. Outlook for fluorspar use in the iron and steel industry
  • 10.5. Use of fluorspar in cement production
    • 10.5.1. Trends in cement production
    • 10.5.2. Outlook for fluorspar use in cement manufacture
  • 10.6. Other applications for fluorspar
    • 10.6.1. Enamels
    • 10.6.2. Welding rods
    • 10.6.3. Glass
    • 10.6.4. Fibreglass
    • 10.6.5. Outlook for fluorspar use in other applications
  • 10.7. Outlook for fluorspar use in all end-markets

11. Company profiles

  • 11.1. Arkema
    • 11.1.1. France
    • 11.1.2. China
    • 11.1.3. USA
  • 11.2. Canada Fluorspar Inc.
  • 11.3. Centralfluor Industries Group (CFIC)
  • 11.4. The Chemours Co.
    • 11.4.1. Canada
    • 11.4.2. China
    • 11.4.3. Netherlands
    • 11.4.4. USA
    • 11.4.5. Others
  • 11.5. Chifeng Sky-Horse Fluorite Industry Development
  • 11.6. China Kings Resources Group
  • 11.7. China Shen Zhou Mining and Resources
  • 11.8. Do-Fluoride Chemicals
  • 11.9. Fluorsid
    • 11.9.1. Italy
    • 11.9.2. UK
    • 11.9.3. Norway
  • 11.10. Honeywell
    • 11.10.1. Germany
    • 11.10.2. USA
    • 11.10.3. Other
  • 11.11. Zhejiang Wuyi Shenlong Flotation
  • 11.12. Koura
    • 11.12.1. Mexico
    • 11.12.2. USA
    • 11.12.3. Japan
    • 11.12.4. Taiwan
    • 11.12.5. UK
  • 11.13. Masan Resources
  • 11.14. Minersa
    • 11.14.1. Spain
      • 11.14.1.1. Minerales y Productos Derivados
      • 11.14.1.2. Derivados del Fluor
    • 11.14.2. South Africa
      • 11.14.2.1. Vergenoeg Mining Company
  • 11.15. Mongolrostsvetmet
  • 11.16. Sinochem Lantian
  • 11.17. Solvay Fluor
    • 11.17.1. France
    • 11.17.2. China
    • 11.17.3. Germany
    • 11.17.4. India
    • 11.17.5. Italy
    • 11.17.6. Mexico
    • 11.17.7. South Korea
    • 11.17.8. USA
  • 11.18. SepFluor

12. Macro economic outlook

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Selected leading fluorspar producers and production capacities in 2019
  • Table 2: World: Forecast demand for fluorspar by application, 2019-2029
  • Table 3: World: Production of fluorspar by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 4: World: Production of fluorspar by country and by grade, 2012, 2015 and 2019
  • Table 5: World: Production of metspar by region, 2012-2019
  • Table 6: World: Production of acidspar by region, 2012-2019
  • Table 7: World: HF production capacity by company and country, end 2019
  • Table 8: World: Leading HF companies by production capacity, 2019
  • Table 9: World: Capacity for and production of AlF3 by country, 2019
  • Table 10: World: AlF3 capacity by company 2019
  • Table 11: World: Planned new AlF3 capacity, 2020
  • Table 12: World: Fluorspar consumption, selected years, 1970-2019
  • Table 13: World: Reported exports of fluorspar by type by main producing countries, 2010-2018
  • Table 14: World: Reported exports of metallurgical grade fluorspar by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 15: World: Reported export matrix of metallurgical grade fluorspar, 2018
  • Table 16: World: Reported exports of acid grade fluorspar by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 17: World: Reported export matrix of acid grade fluorspar by country, 2018
  • Table 18: World: Reported imports of metallurgical grade fluorspar by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 19: World: Reported import matrix of metallurgical grade fluorspar by country, 2018
  • Table 20: World: Imports of acid grade fluorspar by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 21: World: Reported import matrix of acid grade fluorspar by country, 2018
  • Table 22: World: Exports of hydrogen fluoride by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 23: World: Imports of hydrogen fluoride by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 24: World: Reported exports of aluminium fluoride by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 25: Italy: Implied exports of aluminium fluoride by country, 2010-2018
  • Table 26: UAE: Implied exports of aluminium fluoride by country, 2010-2018
  • Table 27: World: Reported imports of aluminium fluoride by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 28: World: Exports of cryolite by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 29: World: Reported imports of cryolite by region and country, 2010-2018
  • Table 30: USA: Average values of imports of fluorspar, 2010-2019
  • Table 31: Japan: Average values of imports of fluorspar, 2010-2019
  • Table 32: Germany: Average values of import imports of fluorspar, 2010-2019
  • Table 33: Italy: Average values of imports of fluorspar, 2010-2019
  • Table 34: USA: Average value of shipments of fluorosilicate acid, 2008-2016
  • Table 35: World: Forecast demand for fluorspar by application, 2019-2029
  • Table 36: World: Known fluorspar projects and expansion/restart plans
  • Table 37: World: Forecast fluorspar capacity by region and grade under scenarios 1 and 2, 2019-2029
  • Table 38: Acidspar: Scenario 1 price forecast
  • Table 39: Acidspar: Scenario 2 price forecast
  • Table 40: Metspar: Scenario 1 price forecast
  • Table 41: Metspar: Scenario 2 price forecast
  • Table 42: HF: Scenario 1 and 2 price forecasts
  • Table 43: AlF3: Scenario 1 and 2 price forecasts
  • Table 44: Physical properties of fluorspar
  • Table 45: World: Reserves of fluorspar, 2017 and 2018
  • Table 46: Mongolia: Reserves and resources of fluorspar ore and minerals by province, 2017
  • Table 47: Selected producers: Composition of selected AlF3 products, 2019, purity and g/cm
  • Table 48: Selected producers: Composition of selected FSA products, 2019, % purity, ppm and g/cm
  • Table 49: Afghanistan: Production and trade in fluorspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 50: Afghanistan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 51: Amania Mining: Fluorspar resources of Bakhud deposit, 2015
  • Table 52: Argentina: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3 2012-2019
  • Table 53: Argentina: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 54: Australia: Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 55: Australia: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 56: Windsor fluorspar deposit mineral resource estimate
  • Table 57: Bahrain: Primary aluminium production and imports of AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 58: Belarus: Production and exports of AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 59: Belarus: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 60: Belgium: Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 61: Brazil: Production and Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 62: Brazil: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 63: Bulgaria: Production and Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 64: Canada: Production and Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 65: Canada: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 66: China: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 67: China: Acidspar exports by main destination, 2012-2019
  • Table 68: China: Metspar exports by main destination, 2012-2019
  • Table 69: China: HF exports by main destination, 2012-2019
  • Table 70: China: AlF3 exports by main destination, 2012-2019
  • Table 71: China: Reserves of fluorspar by province, 2014
  • Table 72: China: Catalogue for Guiding Industrial Restructuring: Summary of items affecting fluorspar-related industries, 2019
  • Table 73: China: Major producers of fluorspar by grade, 2019
  • Table 74: China: HF production capacity by company, 2019
  • Table 75: Wengfu: FSA-based HF production plant capacities, 2019
  • Table 76: China: Aluminium fluoride production capacity by company, 2019
  • Table 77: China: Primary aluminium production & AlF3 specific consumption, 2012-2019
  • Table 78: China: Producers of HCFC-22, 2019
  • Table 79: China: HCFC production quotas by company and type, 2019
  • Table 80: China: Production and consumption of HCFCs by type, 2012-2015
  • Table 81: China: HFC-134a HFC-125 and HFC-32 producers, 2019
  • Table 82: China: Producers of low-GWP alternatives, 2019
  • Table 83: China: Producers of PTFE, 2019
  • Table 84: China: Producers of PVDF, 2019
  • Table 85: China Producers of FEP, 2019
  • Table 86: China: Producers of fluoroelastomers, 2019
  • Table 87: Czech Republic: Production and Trade in fluorspar and HF, 2012-2019
  • Table 88: Egypt: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 89: Egypt: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 90: France: Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 91: France: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 92: Germany: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 93: Germany: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 94: Germany: Producers of fluorspar by grade, 2019
  • Table 95: Germany: Producers of HF, 2019
  • Table 96: India: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 97: India: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 98: India: Producers of fluorspar, 2019
  • Table 99: India: Reported mine-head closing stocks of fluorspar, FY 2013-14-HY 2017-18
  • Table 100: India: Producers of HF, 2019
  • Table 101: India: Producers of AlF3, 2019
  • Table 102: India: Producers of HCFC-22, 2019 and feedstock production quotas, 2018
  • Table 103: Indonesia: Production and trade in AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 104: Indonesia: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 105: Iran: Production and trade in fluorspar and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 106: Iran: Principal fluorspar mines, 2019
  • Table 107: Italy: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 108: Italy: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 109: Italy: Production of fluoropolymers, 2011-2018
  • Table 110: Japan: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 111: Japan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 112: Japan: Producers of HF, 2019
  • Table 113: Japan: Production and consumption of fluorocarbons and fluoropolymers, 2012-2019
  • Table 114: Japan: Producers of fluorine-containing products, 2019
  • Table 115: Jordan: Production and trade in AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 116: Japan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 117: Kazakhstan: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 118: Kazakhstan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 119: Kenya: Production and trade in acidspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 120: North Korea: Production and trade in metspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 121: North Korea: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 122: South Korea: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 123: South Korea: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 124: Kyrgyzstan: Production and trade in metspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 125: Kyrgyzstan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 126: Lithuania: Production and trade in AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 127: Lithuania: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 128: Mexico: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 129: Mexico: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 130: Mexico: Acidspar exports by main destination, 2012-2019
  • Table 131: Mexico: Metspar exports by main destination, 2012-2019
  • Table 132: Mexico: Major producers of fluorspar by grade, 2019
  • Table 133: Mexico: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 134: Mongolia: Production and trade in fluorspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 135: Mongolia: Main fluorspar producers, 2019
  • Table 136: Morocco: Production and trade in fluorspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 137: Mexico: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 138: Namibia: Production and trade in fluorspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 139: Netherlands: Trade and apparent consumption of fluorspar HF, and AlF3 2012-2019
  • Table 140: Netherlands: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 141: Norway: Production and trade in acidspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 142: Norway: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 143: Pakistan: Production and trade in metspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 144: Pakistan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 145: Romania: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 146: Russia: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 147: Russia: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 148: Russia: Producers of HF, 2019
  • Table 149: Singapore: Production and trade in fluorspar and HF, 2012-2019
  • Table 150: Singapore: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 151: South Africa: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 152: South Africa: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 153: Spain: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 154: Spain: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 155: Sweden: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 156: Sweden: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 157: Sweden: Production of calcium fluoride, 2008-2017
  • Table 158: Taiwan: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 159: Taiwan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 160: Tajikistan: Production and trade in AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 161: Tajikistan: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 162: Thailand: Production and trade in fluorspar and HF, 2012-2019
  • Table 163: Thailand: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 164: Tunisia: Production and trade in fluorspar and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 165: Tunisia: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 166: UAE: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 167: UAE: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 168: UK: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 169: UK: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 170: USA: Production and trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Table 171: USA: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 172: USA: Producers of HF, 2019
  • Table 173: USA: Manufacturers of downstream fluorinated products, 2019
  • Table 174: Vietnam: Production and trade of fluorspar, 2012-2019
  • Table 175: Vietnam: Producers and capacities of fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and downstream products, 2019
  • Table 176: Benefits of fluorocarbon refrigerants
  • Table 177: Families of fluorocarbons
  • Table 178: The most commonly used molecules in each family of fluorocarbons
  • Table 179: Examples of refrigerant blends
  • Table 180: Examples of global warming potential (GWP) and ozone depletion potential (ODP)
  • Table 181: Examples of properties considered for fluid selection
  • Table 182: Examples of key flammability parameters
  • Table 183: Market subsectors and fluorocarbons used
  • Table 184: List of Article 5 countries of the Montreal protocol
  • Table 185: Montreal Protocol ODS phase-out timetables
  • Table 186: Montreal Protocol HFC phase-down timetables
  • Table 187: Ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, 2019
  • Table 188: Examples of HFC bans in EU Regulations, affecting new equipment in EU
  • Table 189: HFC uses previously targeted by US EPA SNAP rule 20
  • Table 190: Japan GWP phase-down schedule
  • Table 191: Global feedstock use of CFCs, 2017
  • Table 192: Global production of HCFCs for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2018
  • Table 193: Global consumption of HCFCs for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2018
  • Table 194: Country split of HCFC production for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2018
  • Table 195: Global feedstock use of HCFCs, 2017
  • Table 196: EU Production and consumption of HFCs and other fluorinated gases, 2009-2017
  • Table 197: Consumption of HFCs (as reported to date) by country, 2018
  • Table 198: Non-feedstock fluorocarbons: Forecast demand for HF and acidspar, 2018-2029
  • Table 199: Non-feedstock fluorocarbon market sector prospects
  • Table 200: Fluoropolymer comparison
  • Table 201: World: Fluoropolymer capacity by type, selected years 2019-2029
  • Table 202: World: PTFE production capacity by company and country, 2019
  • Table 203: World: Estimated PVDF capacity, 2019
  • Table 204: Details of five FKM families
  • Table 205: World: Fluoroelastomers capacity, 2019
  • Table 206: Perfluorocarbons, GWP and applications
  • Table 207: Feedstock fluorocarbons: Forecast demand for HF and acidspar, 2018-2029
  • Table 208: Milestones in the development of high-purity HF
  • Table 209: Producers of tungsten hexafluoride
  • Table 210: World primary conversion capacity, 2019
  • Table 211: World deconversion capacity
  • Table 212: World: Operable nuclear reactors and uranium requirements, 2019
  • Table 213: World: Nuclear reactors under construction, 2019
  • Table 214: World: Main producers of electrolyte salts and estimated capacities, 2019
  • Table 215: New Zealand: Estimated cost of water fluoridation by plant size
  • Table 216: Countries that fluoridate their water
  • Table 217: Access to fluoridated salt and salt fluoridation programmes
  • Table 218: Selected producers of ammonium bifluoride
  • Table 219: Other applications for chemicals derived from HF: Forecast demand for HF and acidspar, 2018-2029
  • Table 220: World: AlF3 capacity and production using fluorspar feedstock by country, company, and plant, 2019
  • Table 221: Selected regions: Apparent consumption of AlF3 2009-2019
  • Table 222: World: AlF3 consumption and use (kg AIF3/t aluminium produced), 2009 and 2019
  • Table 223: World: AlF3 and other raw material consumption rates, 2019
  • Table 224: World: Aluminium primary refined production by country and region, 2009-2019
  • Table 225: World: Acidspar use in aluminium manufacture, 2019-2029
  • Table 226: World production of crude steel and metspar apparent consumption by region, 2010, 2014 and 2018
  • Table 227: World: Production of EAF steel by main steel-producing countries, 2008-2018
  • Table 228: World: Top-20 crude steel producing companies, 2018
  • Table 229: World: Production of crude steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 230: World: Average annual periodic growth rates of crude steel production by region, 1980-2019
  • Table 231: World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 232: World: Top-10 stainless steel producing companies
  • Table 233: World: Estimated production of motor vehicles, 2013 to 2018
  • Table 234: World: Gas pipeline construction by region, 2010-2018
  • Table 235: Forecast engine deliveries, 2019-2029
  • Table 236: Forecast demand for crude steel, 2019-2030
  • Table 237: Forecast production of crude steel, 2019-2030
  • Table 238: Outlook for stainless steel production, 2019 to 2029
  • Table 239: World: Forecast metspar use in steel, 2018-2029
  • Table 240: Cement clinker capacity, 2009-2018
  • Table 241: World: Production of cement by country, 2010-2018
  • Table 242: World: Main producers of cement, 2018
  • Table 243: Outlook for housing starts to 2027
  • Table 244: World: Construction of new residential buildings in selected countries, 2009-2017
  • Table 245: World: Construction of new non-residential buildings in selected countries, 2009-2017
  • Table 246: World: Forecast fluorspar use in cement, 2018-2029
  • Table 247: World: Forecast fluorspar use in other applications
  • Table 248: Canada Fluorspar Inc.: Acidspar specifications
  • Table 249: CFIC: Fluorspar operations, 2019
  • Table 250: CFIC: HF production facilities, 2019
  • Table 251: Chemours: Production facilities and capacities for HF and main downstream products, 2019
  • Table 252: Chifeng Sky-Horse Fluorite Industry Development: Fluorspar operations, 2019
  • Table 253: China Kings: Fluorspar operations, 2019
  • Table 254: China Kings Resources Group: Fluorspar output, 2018 -- H1 2019
  • Table 255: China Shen Zhou Mining and Resources: Fluorspar operations, 2019
  • Table 256: DFD: Fluorochemical operations, 2019
  • Table 257: Fluorsid: Production facilities and capacities for fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2019
  • Table 258: Honeywell: Production facilities and capacities for HF and main downstream products, 2019
  • Table 259: Koura: Production facilities and capacities for fluorspar, HF, AlF3 and main downstream products, 2019
  • Table 260: Nui Phao JORC-compliant fluorspar reserves and resources
  • Table 261: Minersa: Production facilities and capacities for fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2019
  • Table 262: Sinochem: Fluorspar operations, 2019
  • Table 263: Sinochem: HF production facilities, 2019
  • Table 264: Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 265: Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 266: Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 267: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 268: Forecast urbanisation rate, 2018-2030
  • Table 269: Forecast median age, 2018-2030
  • Table 270: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2018-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Historical production of fluorspar, 1913-2019
  • Figure 2: World: Production of fluorspar by region, 2004-2019
  • Figure 3: World: Production of fluorspar by selected country, 2004-2019
  • Figure 4: World: Share of apparent consumption of fluorspar, 2018
  • Figure 5: World: Historical and forecast consumption of fluorspar in selected years, 2007-2029
  • Figure 6: World: Estimated total fluorspar imports and exports, 2009-2019
  • Figure 7: World: Estimated total fluorspar imports by country or region, 2009-2019
  • Figure 8: World: Estimated total fluorspar exports by country or region, 2009-2019
  • Figure 9: China: Fluorspar spot-prices in real and nominal terms, Q1 2009-Q4 2019
  • Figure 10: China, Mexico and South Africa: Average quarterly acidspar export unit values, Q1 2009-Q4 2019
  • Figure 11: Scenario 1: Historical and forecast fluorspar prices, 1995-2029
  • Figure 12: Scenario 2: Historical and forecast fluorspar prices, 1995-2029
  • Figure 13: Fluorspar flowchart
  • Figure 14: World: Production of metspar by region, 2012-2019
  • Figure 15: World: Production of acidspar by region, 2012-2019
  • Figure 16: Selected acidspar mines: Simple schematic representation of total acidspar production costs by country and by general costs, 2019
  • Figure 17: World: Production of HF by country, 2012-2019
  • Figure 18: World: Production of AlF3 by country, 2012-2019
  • Figure 19: World: Estimated consumption of fluorspar by grade, 2019
  • Figure 20: World: Demand for acidspar by end-use sector, 2019
  • Figure 21: World: Share of apparent consumption of acidspar, 2018
  • Figure 22: World: Consumption of metspar by end-use sector, 2019
  • Figure 23: World: Share of apparent consumption of metspar, 2018
  • Figure 24: World: Exports of fluorspar by type from main producing countries, 2018
  • Figure 25: China: Reported exports of fluorspar and derivatives, 2010-2018
  • Figure 26: Mongolia: Reported exports of metspar compared to imports, 2010-2018
  • Figure 27: World: Reported exports of metspar by main countries, 2018
  • Figure 28: World: Forecast exports of metspar by main countries, 2019
  • Figure 29: China: Reported exports and imports of fluorspar, 2010-2018
  • Figure 30: World: Reported exports of acidspar by main countries, 2018
  • Figure 31: World: Forecast exports of acidspar by main countries, 2019
  • Figure 32: World: Imports of fluorspar by type into main countries, 2018
  • Figure 33: World: Reported exports of hydrogen fluoride by leading countries, 2010-2018
  • Figure 34: World: Reported exports of HF, 2018
  • Figure 35: World: Forecast exports of HF, 2019
  • Figure 36: World: Imports of HF, 2018
  • Figure 37: World: Forecast imports of HF, 2019
  • Figure 38: World: Exports of aluminium fluoride, 2018
  • Figure 39: World: Forecast exports of aluminium fluoride, 2019
  • Figure 40: World: Average monthly price of wet filter cake acid grade fluorspar by country, 1988-2019
  • Figure 41: World: Average monthly price of dry filter cake acid grade fluorspar by country, 1988-2019
  • Figure 42: World: Average monthly price of metallurgical grade fluorspar by country, 2008-2019
  • Figure 43: World: Main importing countries: Average value of metallurgical grade fluorspar (metspar) imports, 2004-2019
  • Figure 44: World: Main countries: Average value of acid grade fluorspar imports, 2004-2019
  • Figure 45: World: Major exporters of acidspar: Average value of exports, 2004-2019
  • Figure 46: Average value of acid grade exports to the USA by main country, 2004-2019
  • Figure 47: China: Quarterly average acidspar export values, Q2-2011-Q3-2019
  • Figure 48: Major producers: Average quarterly acidspar export values, Q2-2011-Q3-2019
  • Figure 49: World: Major exporters of metspar: Average value of exports, 2004-2019
  • Figure 50: Hydrogen fluoride: Average values of exports from leading countries, 2004-2019
  • Figure 51: Hydrogen fluoride: Average values of imports into leading countries, 2004-2019
  • Figure 52: Aluminium fluoride: Average value of exports from main countries, 2004-2019
  • Figure 53: Aluminium fluoride: Import values by main importing countries, 2004-2019
  • Figure 54: Synthetic cryolite: Average values of imports by selected countries, 2000-2019
  • Figure 55: Forecast demand for fluorspar by grade, 2019-2029
  • Figure 56: World: Forecast demand for acidspar by application, 2029
  • Figure 57: World: Forecast demand for metspar by application, 2029
  • Figure 58: World: Forecast regional share of total fluorspar supply under scenario 1, 2029
  • Figure 59: World: Forecast regional share of total fluorspar supply under scenario 2, 2029
  • Figure 60: Forecast acidspar market balance under scenario 1, 2019-2029
  • Figure 61: Forecast acidspar market balance under scenario 2, 2019-2029
  • Figure 62: Acidspar: Scenario 1 price forecast, 2019-2029
  • Figure 63: Acidspar: Scenario 2 price forecast, 2019-2029
  • Figure 64: Metspar: Scenario 1 price forecast, 2019-2029
  • Figure 65: Metspar: Scenario 2 price forecast, 2019-2029
  • Figure 66: Scenario 1: Historical and forecast fluorspar prices, 1995-2029
  • Figure 67: Scenario 2: Historical and forecast fluorspar prices, 1995-2029
  • Figure 68: China: HF and AlF3 prices and price premiums over acidspar, 2008-2019
  • Figure 69: China: Ensured reserves of fluorspar mineral, 2002-2017
  • Figure 70: World: Phosphoric acid capacity by region, 2014-2023
  • Figure 71: World: Phosphoric acid production by region, 2006-2017
  • Figure 72: Simple schematic representation of acidspar processing
  • Figure 73: China: Exports of acidspar, 2012-2019
  • Figure 74: China: Imports of acidspar, 2012-2019
  • Figure 75: China: Metspar exports, 2012-2019
  • Figure 76: China: Metspar imports, 2012-2019
  • Figure 77: China: Net exports of fluorspar, 1995-2019
  • Figure 78: China: Exports of HF, 2012-2019
  • Figure 79: China: Exports of AlF3, 2012-2019
  • Figure 80: China: Measured fluorspar reserve, 2012-2018
  • Figure 81: China: Exports of HCFC-22 by destination, 2018
  • Figure 82: China: Exports of fluorinated, brominated and iodinated acyclic hydrocarbons by destination, 2018
  • Figure 83: China: Exports of mixed HFCs and PFCs by destination, 2018
  • Figure 84: India: Consumption of HF by end use, FY 2018-19
  • Figure 85: Japan: Apparent consumption of metspar in steel production, 2009-2019
  • Figure 86: Japan: Monthly exports of HF, Jan 2012-Sep 2019
  • Figure 87: South Korea: Imports of high-purity HF by exporting country, 2010-2018
  • Figure 88: Share of South Korean imports of semi-conductor industry feedstocks sourced from Japan, Jan 2019-Apr 2019
  • Figure 89: Mexico: Acidspar exports, 2012-2019
  • Figure 90: Mexico: Metspar exports, 2012-2019
  • Figure 91: Mongolia: Exports of metspar by destination, 2009-2018
  • Figure 92: Mongolia: Exports of acidspar by destination, 2009-2018
  • Figure 93: Mongolia: Fluorspar shipments to China: Reported exports compared with reported imports, 2016-2018
  • Figure 94: USA: Production of FSA and phosphate rock, 2009-2018
  • Figure 95: USA: Acidspar imports, 2012-2019
  • Figure 96: USA: Imports of HF, 2012-2019
  • Figure 97: World: Imports of acidspar from Vietnam by reporting country, 2014-2018
  • Figure 98: Fluorspar demand by end use sector, 2019
  • Figure 99: Comparison of direct and indirect global warming impact, small split air-conditioning
  • Figure 100: Markets using HFCs, 2012
  • Figure 101: RACHP Markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 102: Subsectors of refrigeration markets, HFC use, 2012 (GWP weighted)
  • Figure 103: Subsectors of air-conditioning and heat pump markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 104: Subsectors of aerosol and foam markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 105: Kigali Amendment HFC phase-down schedule, 2019-2047
  • Figure 106: EU F-Gas and Kigali Amendment (Group 1 countries) HFC phase-down schedules, 2015-2036
  • Figure 107: Global production of HCFCs for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2018
  • Figure 108: Global production of ozone-depleting fluorocarbons for feedstock purposes 2000-2017
  • Figure 109: EU consumption of fluorinated gases by type, 2017
  • Figure 110: EU trade of fluorinated gases by type, 2017
  • Figure 111: EU supply of fluorinated gases, 2007-2018
  • Figure 112: GWP bands, with fluorocarbon and NIK examples
  • Figure 113: Demand forecast for fluorocarbons and NIK alternatives, 2018-2029
  • Figure 114: Typical fluoropolymer production chain (acronyms & chemical formulas)
  • Figure 115: Global fluoropolymer markets, 2019
  • Figure 116: World: PTFE production capacity by country or region, 2019
  • Figure 117: World: Exports of PTFE by country, 2010-2019
  • Figure 118: World: PTFE consumption by country or region, 2019
  • Figure 119: Typical composition of standard fluoroelastomers (FKM)
  • Figure 120: Schematic diagram of a fluorotelomer surfactant
  • Figure 121: Estimated demand share of fluorotelomers by end-market
  • Figure 122: World: Inhalation anaesthetics market revenue share, 2018
  • Figure 123: Fluorination chemistry, 2017
  • Figure 124: World: HF applications by intermediate and product
  • Figure 125: World: Integrated circuit wafer fabrication capacity by region, 2019
  • Figure 126: World market share of fluorinated gases in the semiconductor industry, 2018
  • Figure 127: Solvent extraction of tantalum and niobium compounds
  • Figure 128: World: Number of operable nuclear reactors, 1954-2019
  • Figure 129: World: Forecast nuclear power capacity, 2018-2030
  • Figure 130: HF alkylation process
  • Figure 131: Simplified supply chain map of major electrolyte products
  • Figure 132: Estimated cost structure of electrolyte, 2018
  • Figure 133: China average price of LiPF6 exports, Q3 2015-Q3 2019
  • Figure 134: China: Monthly exports of LiPF6, Mar 2015-Nov 2019
  • Figure 135: China: Yearly exports of LiPF6 by country of destination, 2017-2019
  • Figure 136: Li-ion battery demand by end-use market, 2018-2029
  • Figure 137: USA: Proportion of population receiving fluoridated water, 1950-2014
  • Figure 138: Estimated SF6 market share by application, 2018
  • Figure 139: Emissions of SF6 reported under UN Framework Convention on climate change (developed nations), 1990-2017
  • Figure 140: Northern hemisphere annual baseline atmospheric SF6 mole fraction
  • Figure 141: Estimated distribution of global SF6 production capacity, 2019
  • Figure 142: World: Trade in ammonium bifluoride, 2010-2019
  • Figure 143: World: Exports of ammonium bifluoride by country, 2019
  • Figure 144: Estimated market share of catalysts used in LAB manufacture, 2000-2018
  • Figure 145: AlF3 production and capacity using fluorspar feedstock by region, 2019
  • Figure 146: Aluminium primary refined production, 2009 to 2019
  • Figure 147: World: Production of refined aluminium, copper, zinc, lead and nickel, 1970-2019
  • Figure 148: China: Production of refined aluminium, zinc and lead, 2009, 2014 and 2019
  • Figure 149: End uses of aluminium, 2019
  • Figure 150: World: Exports of metspar by region and destination, 2018
  • Figure 151: World: Forecast exports of metspar by main countries, 2019
  • Figure 152: World: Production of crude steel by process, 2000-2018
  • Figure 153: World: Output of EAF steel by region, 2018
  • Figure 154: World: EAF steel production by leading countries, 2000-2018
  • Figure 155: China scrap availability, 2018-2029
  • Figure 156: World: Production of crude steel and year-on-year changes, 1981-2019
  • Figure 157: World: Production of crude steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Figure 158: World: Apparent consumption of crude steel by main countries, 2000-2018
  • Figure 159: World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Figure 160: World: Consumption of stainless steel by application, 2018
  • Figure 161: World: Forecast production of motor vehicles by region, 2008-2028
  • Figure 162: World: Production of motor vehicles by type and region, 2018
  • Figure 163: Airline traffic, capacity and fleet size 2013-2029
  • Figure 164: Historical and projected jet airplane deliveries, 1999-2029
  • Figure 165: Forecast engines in service, 2019-2029
  • Figure 166: Forecast crude steel production by method, 2019-2030
  • Figure 167: Outlook for stainless steel production 2019-2029
  • Figure 168: Outlook for housing starts to 2027
  • Figure 169: China: Floor space of buildings under construction and completed, 2000-2018
  • Figure 170: China: Urban and rural populations, 1950 to 2017
  • Figure 171: USA: Housing unit starts, 2007-2018
  • Figure 172: Fluorspar: Forecast demand by end-use application, 2019-2029
  • Figure 173: Fluorspar: Forecast demand by grade, 2019-2029
  • Figure 174: Do-Fluoride Chemicals: Share of operating income by segment, H1 2019