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市場調查報告書

鈮:到2019年的展望 (第15版)

Niobium: Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 923165
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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鈮:到2019年的展望 (第15版) Niobium: Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition
出版日期: 2019年12月31日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

鈮鐵的需求過去2年大幅度增加。由於嚴峻的釩市場及中國的新鋼筋標準的引進,2018年的釩鐵價格暴漲。據此,促進了非預期等級的替代。中國的鋼鐵製造廠開始在等級3鋼筋使用鈮鐵。再加上管線管和汽車應用中對鐵鎳鐵的強勁需求,對中國的進口 (及巴西的出口) 達到過去最高。

本報告提供全球鈮市場上最新形勢與未來展望相關分析,市場基本結構和供給、需求體制,主要的推動及阻礙市場要素,市場機會,市場規模 (生產量、消費量、貿易額) 及國際價格趨勢預測,主要企業的簡介等資訊彙整,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 鈮的流程圖

第3章 全球生產量

第4章 全球消費量

第5章 國際貿易

第6章 價格

第7章 未來展望

第8章 附錄1:背景

第9章 附錄2:各國簡介

第10章 附錄3:終端用戶

第11章 附錄4:企業簡介

第12章 宏觀經濟展望

目錄

Demand for ferroniobium has increased considerably over the past two years. A tight vanadium market coupled with the introduction of new rebar standards in China caused ferrovanadium prices to spike in 2018. This prompted unexpected levels of substitution. Chinese steel makers started to use ferroniobium in Grade 3 rebar which, coupled with strong demand for ferroniobium in line pipe and automotive applications, meant that imports into China (and exports out of Brazil) reached record highs.

Approximately 90% of all niobium used is consumed as ferroniobium in steelmaking. The rest goes into a wide range of smaller-volume but higher-value applications, such as high-performance alloys (which include superalloys), carbides, superconductors, electronic components and functional ceramics.

Although the unit consumption is very small-fractions of a percent by weight of a tonne of finished steel-the benefits are large. Niobium additions in steel significantly increases strength, so less steel is required overall, which can reduce cost substantially. This has been the basis for the development and growth in its use of steels over the last few decades and should remain the driver in the years to come. Niobium intensity of use is relatively low in several large, steel-producing nations, such as China, but also India and Southeast Asia. The capacity for an increase in niobium intensity of use and a potential increasing usage in long products (rebar) provide an area of potential growth in niobium demand. With Chinese regulations now requiring higher ferroalloy loadings in construction, the outlook for ferroniobium and ferrovanadium demand, looks positive.

Almost all ferroniobium supply is from three industrialised producers, two in Brazil and one in Canada. By far the largest is Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Mineração (CBMM), which operates a pyrochlore mine and processing plant near Araxà in east-central Minas Gerais state in Brazil. While historically the company has operated comfortably below operational capacity, recent increases in demand translated into rising operating rates and prompted an increase its ferroniobium capacity by 50% over the period to 2021. The other major producers, Magris Resources in Canada and China Molybdenum in Brazil are thought to be operating at close to capacity.

In addition to expansion at current operations, there are numerous niobium projects in the pipeline, some of which could come on-stream over the coming years. However, while some have released feasibility studies, none have started construction.

Niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) is the starting product for most specialised non-steel applications. Nickel-based high-performance alloys are used in the aerospace industry, where high-temperature strength is required. Commercial niobium oxide products are generally termed high-purity (optical-grade) oxide to distinguish them from intermediate forms. Niobium is also produced as pure metal along with other alloys typically containing titanium and zirconium. Niobium chemicals have a wide range of applications, e.g. in catalysts and functional ceramics.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • How have Chinese construction regulations impacted demand?
  • To what extent are ferrovanadium and ferroniobium viable substitutes for each other?
  • What is the outlook for ferroniobium demand in automotive and line pipe?
  • How will the supply base develop over the coming years?
  • What is the outlook for prices?

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Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Niobium flowchart
  • 3. World production
  • 4. World consumption
  • 5. International trade
  • 6. Prices
  • 7. Outlook
  • 8. Appendix 1: Background
  • 9. Appendix 2: Country profiles
  • 10. Appendix 3: End uses
  • 11. Appendix 4: Company profiles
  • 12. Macro economic outlook