Cover Image


Chromium: Global Industry, Markets & Outlook

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 81786
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 387 Pages 16 Chapters 200 Tables 123 Figures
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
Back to Top
全球鉻礦市場 Chromium: Global Industry, Markets & Outlook
出版日期: 2016年07月31日 內容資訊: 英文 387 Pages 16 Chapters 200 Tables 123 Figures


第1章 摘要整理

第2章 鉻礦的簡介、生產、蘊藏量

第3章 鉻礦的開採、加工、成本

第4章 全球鉻礦生產概要

第5章 各國鉻礦生產

第6章 國際貿易

第7章 全球鉻礦消費概要

第8章 鉻礦的終端用戶

第9章 鉻礦市場預測


Product Code: ISBN 978 1 910922 15 6

Southern Africa hosts about 90% of the world's chromite reserves and resources. South Africa has reserves of 3.1Bnt and estimated resources of 5.5Bnt. Chrome ore is generally mined as a primary product although in South Africa, increasing volumes of chromite concentrates are recovered from tailings of PGM operations. Five countries produce more than 1Mtpy of chromite. As of 2015, South Africa accounted for 55% of world output. Kazakhstan (14%), India (10%), Tukey (5%) and Finland (3%) are also major producers.

In 2015, 92% of chromite consumption was in metallurgical applications. Stainless steel alone represents more than two-thirds of total chromite consumption. Chemicals represented 6% of consumption, with foundries (2%) and refractories (1%) accounting for the remainder. Trends in stainless steel production are, therefore, the main determinant of levels of both chromite and ferrochrome demand.

Some 80% of ferrochrome is consumed in the production of stainless steel, where it imparts corrosion and oxidation resistance, and enhances hardenability, creep and impact resistance. World consumption of high-carbon ferrochrome and charge chrome totalled 10,789kt in 2015 and increased at nearly 6%py between 2008 and 2015. World consumption of medium- and low-carbon ferrochrome increased at 2%py over the same period, reaching 777kt.

World consumption of chromium chemicals is estimated at 672kt sodium dichromate equivalent in 2015. Worldwide, the largest markets are leather tanning and metal finishing, although the pattern of consumption varies between regions depending on regional environmental regulations and the size of end-markets. Consumption of chromite in foundry sands has steadily declined since 2012 and is estimated to have been 600kt in 2015. Refractories are the smallest end-use sector for chromite, accounting for around 200kt.

Although a transition in the Chinese economy has led to a slowdown in global crude steel consumption, higher-levels of per capita income are shifting demand towards higher-value products and construction projects that typically involve more use of advanced steels. Roskill projects that total output of stainless steel will grow at 4% to 2026 and will continue to drive demand for chromite and ferrochrome. However, trends in scrap usage are expected to become an important factor towards the end of the forecast period. In 2015, around 30% of the chromium units in stainless steel were derived from scrap. This will rise to nearly 45% by 2026 as scrap usage rates increase in China and other emerging economies, potentially reducing demand for virgin chromite.

The outlook for chromium chemicals demand growth is positive. Consumption of chromium chemicals in leather tanning, chromic acid use in plating, and chromic acid in used in industrial wood preservation) is forecast to increase, although a decline is expected in the use of chromium pigments. Demand for chromite foundry sands is expected to grow slightly over the period to 2026, while the use of chromite in refractories is forecast to marginally decline.

Roskill experts will answer your questions...

  • Which companies are the major producers of chromite and ferrochrome?
  • What has been the impact of UG2 concentrate production on the sector?
  • How will stainless steel production trends impact the market?
  • What are the trends underpinning demand for chromium metal and chemicals?
  • How are chromium products traded internationally?
  • Which factors drive chromium prices and how will prices fare to 2026?

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Introduction, reserves, occurrence
  • 3. Mining, processing & costs
  • 4. Overview of world production
  • 5. Production by country
  • 6. International trade
  • 7. Overview of world consumption
  • 8. End-uses for chromium
  • 9. Outlook for chromium
Back to Top