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市場調查報告書

螢石:全球產業·市場與預測

Fluorspar: Global Industry, Markets & Outlook - 12th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 273966
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 286 Pages, 198 Tables and 67 Figures
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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螢石:全球產業·市場與預測 Fluorspar: Global Industry, Markets & Outlook - 12th Edition
出版日期: 2017年09月30日 內容資訊: 英文 286 Pages, 198 Tables and 67 Figures
簡介

全球螢石產量,現在是中國佔50%。但今後預計加拿大和非洲各國的生產量也將成長。

本報告提供全球螢石產業現狀與預測相關調查分析,彙整全球及各國的生產·生產·消費趨勢,國際貿易資料,主要的最終用途產業上螢石的使用概況,價格趨勢預測的資訊,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 全球螢石生產量

  • 冶金用螢石 (metspar)的生產量
    • 目前開採計劃與未來的開採能力
  • 酸級的螢石粉末 (acidspar)的生產量
  • 氟化氫 (HF)的生產量
  • 氟化鋁 (AlF3)的生產量

第3章 全球螢石消費量

第4章 螢石·氟化氫·氟化鋁的國際貿易

  • 冶金用螢石 (metspar)的出口量
  • 酸級的螢石粉末 (acidspar)的出口量
  • 螢石的進口量
    • 冶金用螢石 (metspar)的進口量
    • 酸級的螢石粉末 (acidspar)的進口量
  • 氟化氫 (HF)的國際貿易額
  • 氟化鋁 (AlF3)的國際貿易額
  • 合成冰晶石的國際貿易額

第5章 螢石的價格

  • 螢石的價格趨勢預測
  • 氟化氫 (HF)的價格趨勢預測
  • 氟化鋁 (AlF3)的價格趨勢預測
  • 合成冰晶石的價格趨勢預測
  • 氟矽酸(FSA)
  • 價格風險的要素

第6章 背景情況

  • 螢石的礦物學的特質
  • 螢石的蘊藏量情形
  • 螢石的產量
    • 中國國內的蘊藏量·產量
    • 氟磷灰石
    • 其他螢石的產量

第7章 螢石的開採量·加工量

  • 螢石
    • 螢石的開採情形:開採量·成本·物品
    • 螢石的等級 (等級)
  • 氟化氫酸
  • 氟化鋁
  • 合成冰晶石

第8章 螢石的開採量·加工量:各國

  • 阿富汗
  • 阿根廷
  • 澳洲
  • 巴林
  • 白俄羅斯
  • 比利時
  • 巴西
  • 保加利亞
  • 加拿大
  • 中國
  • 捷克
  • 埃及
  • 法國
  • 德國
  • 印度
  • 印尼
  • 伊朗
  • 伊拉克
  • 義大利
  • 日本
  • 約旦
  • 哈薩克
  • 肯亞
  • 北韓
  • 韓國
  • 吉爾吉斯
  • 立陶宛
  • 墨西哥
  • 蒙古
  • 摩洛哥
  • 納米比亞
  • 荷蘭
  • 挪威
  • 巴基斯坦
  • 羅馬尼亞
  • 俄羅斯
  • 新加坡
  • 南非
  • 西班牙
  • 瑞典
  • 台灣
  • 泰國
  • 突尼西亞
  • 阿拉伯聯合大公國 (UAE)
  • 英國
  • 美國
  • 越南

第9章 適合氟化碳的螢石的利用

  • 氟化碳 (碳氟化合物)的概要
  • 非原料用氟化碳 (HFC,CFC,HCFC等)
  • 原料用 (專用) 氟化碳/氟化有機化合物的用途
    • 含氟聚合物
    • 含氟彈性體 (FKM)
    • 其他氟化有機化合物
    • 市場未來展望
  • 氟化氫製化學物質的其他用途
    • 電子產業
    • 金屬加工
    • 鈾製造
    • 石油的甲醇烷基化
    • 玻璃,光學和高純石英
    • 特殊氟化物 (LiPF6,BF3,SO2F2等)
    • 醫療
    • 電子機械產業
    • 非鐵金屬
    • 清潔劑 (LAB)
    • 天然性石墨的處理
    • 其他

第10章 原生鋁生產上螢石的利用

  • 氟化鋁的供給量
  • 氟化鋁的消費量
  • 在鋁產業的氟利用
  • 鋁市場趨勢
  • 原生鋁生產上的螢石需求預測

第11章 鋼生產用螢石的利用

  • 鋼鐵業上螢石的利用
  • 鋼鐵業的冶金用螢石 (metspar)的供給量
  • 鋼鐵業上螢石的消費量
  • 鋼鐵業的趨勢
  • 鋼鐵生產用的螢石使用量預測

第12章 水泥生產用螢石的利用

  • 在水泥製造上螢石的使用法
  • 水泥水泥熟料的製造趨勢
  • 水泥生產用的螢石使用量預測

第13章 其他用途上螢石的利用

  • 溶劑·乳白劑上螢石的利用
    • 琺瑯
    • 焊條
    • 玻璃
    • 玻璃纖維
  • 其他用途的螢石使用量預測

第14章 宏觀經濟預測

圖表一覽

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目錄
Product Code: ISBN: 978 1 910922 31 6

Fluorine is the most chemically reactive element and world fluorspar demand is dominated by the chemical industry. This dominance is expected to continue throughout the outlook period to 2021.

All fluorochemicals are derived initially from the manufacture of hydrofluoric acid (HF), itself produced from acid-grade fluorspar (acidspar). The largest chemical sector application for HF is in the production of fluorocarbons. Overall, production of fluorocarbons is estimated to have consumed approximately 1Mt of HF in 2016, requiring >2Mt of acidspar. This was split between non-feedstock fluorocarbons and feedstock fluorocarbons and other fluoro-organics. Consumption of acidspar, driven mainly by this sector, increased in 2016 and early 2017. In contrast, demand for metallurgical grade fluorspar, metspar, declined. Metspar now accounts for just 39% of total world demand for fluorspar.

Chinese fluorspar spot prices spiked to a four-year high in mid-2017. This was a dramatic turnaround; until February 2017, fluorspar prices had fluctuated around five-year lows as world supply outstripped demand. Even at their five-year low level, however, it is important to note that fluorspar prices were five times higher in US$/t than they were in 2000. The price of fluorspar generally is on a long-term upward trend. Fluorspar cannot be recycled, it must be mined. It is an essential raw material in many modern consumer products. As an example, an estimated half of all new medicines contain fluorspar derivatives.

China accounts for about 50% of world fluorspar production and the sudden mine closures, particularly in southeastern China, were prompted by environmental inspections and coincided with a time of lower seasonal production levels due to traditional winter production cuts. For decades, China has produced approximately half of world fluorspar production.

Fluorspar prices had remained stable outside China as most consumers are covered by long-term contracts amid steady demand. 2018 fluorspar contract negotiations will begin in September-October 2017 and the agreed prices will be the benchmark for the industry.

Producers outside China have received enquiries from consumers worldwide, including from China and Asia, indicating some supply pressure in Asia. Consumption is expected to continue to be driven by fluorspar's use in chemicals, steel and aluminium.

New fluorspar production capacity is expected in Canada by the end of 2017 and by 2019 in Africa. Canadian Fluorspar will mine 200,000 tpy acid-grade concentrate, while SepFluor in South Africa will produce 180,000 tpy acidspar plus 30ktpy metspar.

Roskill experts will answer your questions...

  • Which applications for fluorspar are likely to drive future growth?
  • Will fluorspar use in the fluorocarbon market continue to be challenging as both the European Union and USA introduce more restrictions on the use of certain hydrofluorcarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons due to their GWP (Global Warming Potential)?
  • What is the outlook for crude steel production?
  • Will the use of fluorspar in primary aluminium production continue to grow? How will trends in unit consumption of fluorspar, quantity of AlF3 produced from by-product FSA and the level of primary aluminium output affect fluorspar demand?
  • Will rising prices support a recovery in production in Africa? To what extent might new projects outside China contribute to alleviating supply concerns?

Front cover image: Gore-Tex ® is a waterproof, breathable fabric membrane and registered trademark of W. L. Gore and Associates. It is able to repel liquid water while allowing water vapor to pass through, and is designed to be a lightweight, waterproof fabric for all-weather use. It is composed of stretched polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), which is an application for fluorspar.

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1 Supply
  • 1.2 Demand
  • 1.3 Trade
  • 1.4 Prices and price forecasts

2. World production

  • 2.1 World production of metspar
    • 2.1.1 New projects and future capacity
  • 2.2 World production of acidspar
    • 2.2.1 New projects and future capacity
  • 2.3 World production of HF
    • 2.3.1 Production by company and country
  • 2.4 World production of AlF3

3. World consumption

4. International trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3

  • 4.1 Exports of metspar
  • 4.2 Exports of acidspar
  • 4.3 Imports of fluorspar
  • 4.3.1 Imports of metspar
    • 4.3.2 Imports of acidspar
  • 4.4 International trade in hydrogen fluoride (HF)
  • 4.5 International trade in aluminium fluoride (AlF3)
  • 4.6 International trade in synthetic cryolite

5. Prices of fluorspar

  • 5.1 Outlook for fluorspar prices
  • 5.2 Hydrogen fluoride prices
  • 5.3 Aluminium fluoride prices
  • 5.4 Synthetic cryolite prices
  • 5.5 Fluorosilicic acid (FSA)
  • 5.6 Price risk factors

6. Background

  • 6.1 Mineralogy of fluorspar
  • 6.2 Occurrences of fluorspar
  • 6.3 Resources of fluorspar
    • 6.3.1 Reserves and resources in China
    • 6.3.2 Fluorapatite
    • 6.3.3 Other sources of fluorine

7. Mining and processing of fluorspar

  • 7.1 Fluorspar
    • 7.1.1 Fluorspar operations - qualitative production cost quartiles
    • 7.1.2 Grades of fluorspar
  • 7.2 Hydrofluoric acid
  • 7.3 Aluminium fluoride
  • 7.4 Synthetic cryolite

8. Fluorspar production and processing by country

  • 8.1 Afghanistan
    • 8.1.1 Producers of fluorspar
  • 8.2 Argentina
    • 8.2.1 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.2.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.3 Australia
  • 8.4 Bahrain
  • 8.5 Belarus
  • 8.6 Belgium
    • 8.6.1 Solvay Fluor
  • 8.7 Brazil
    • 8.7.1 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.7.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.8 Bulgaria
  • 8.9 Canada
    • 8.9.1 Markets for fluorspar
    • 8.9.2 Development projects
    • 8.9.2.1 Canada Fluorspar
  • 8.10 China
    • 8.10.1 Trade in fluorspar, HF and AlF3
    • 8.10.2 Reserves and resources of fluorspar
    • 8.10.3 Government policies
    • 8.10.3.1 Environmental considerations
    • 8.10.3.2 Protectionism and trade disputes
    • 8.10.4 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.10.4.1 Fluorspar projects
    • 8.10.5 Markets for fluorspar
    • 8.10.5.1 Producers of HF
    • 8.10.5.2 Producers of AlF3
    • 8.10.5.3 Manufacturers of fluorinated downstream products
  • 8.11 Czech Republic
  • 8.12 Egypt
    • 8.12.1 Producers of fluorspar
  • 8.13 France
    • 8.13.1 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.14 Germany
    • 8.14.1 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.14.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.15 India
    • 8.15.1 Producers of fluorspar
      • 8.15.1.1 Fluorspar projects
    • 8.15.2 Markets for fluorspar
      • 8.15.2.1 Producers of HF
      • 8.15.2.2 Producers of AlF3
      • 8.15.2.3 Manufacturers of fluorinated downstream products
  • 8.16 Indonesia
  • 8.17 Iran
    • 8.17.1 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.17.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.18 Iraq
  • 8.19 Italy
    • 8.19.1 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.20 Japan
    • 8.20.1 Markets for fluorspar
      • 8.20.1.1 Producers of HF
      • 8.20.1.2 Manufacturers of downstream fluorinated products
  • 8.21 Jordan
  • 8.22 Kazakhstan
  • 8.23 Kenya
  • 8.24 North Korea
  • 8.25 South Korea
  • 8.25.1 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.26 Kyrgyzstan
  • 8.27 Lithuania
  • 8.28 Mexico
    • 8.28.1 Trade in fluorspar
    • 8.28.2 Producers of fluorspar
      • 8.28.2.1 Mexichem Fluor
    • 8.28.3 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.29 Mongolia
    • 8.29.1 Producers of fluorspar
      • 8.29.1.1 Mongolrostsvetmet
  • 8.30 Morocco
  • 8.31 Namibia
  • 8.32 Netherlands
  • 8.33 Norway
    • 8.33.1 Fluorspar projects
    • 8.33.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.34 Pakistan
  • 8.35 Romania
  • 8.36 Russia
    • 8.36.1 Producers of fluorspar
      • 8.36.1.1 Yaroslavl Mining Company (YAGRK)
      • 8.36.1.2 Zabaikalsky GOK (ZabGOK)
    • 8.36.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.37 Singapore
  • 8.38 South Africa
    • 8.38.1 Producers of fluorspar
      • 8.38.1.1 Fluorspar projects
  • 8.39 Spain
    • 8.39.1 Producers of fluorspar
      • 8.39.1.1 Minerales y Productos Derivados SA (Minersa)
      • 8.39.1.2 Minera de órgiva
    • 8.39.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.40 Sweden
    • 8.40.1 Fluorspar projects
    • 8.40.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.41 Taiwan
    • 8.41.1 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.42 Thailand
  • 8.43 Tunisia
  • 8.44 UAE
  • 8.45 UK
    • 8.45.1 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.45.2 Markets for fluorspar
  • 8.46 USA
    • 8.46.1 Trade in fluorspar and HF
    • 8.46.2 Producers of fluorspar
    • 8.46.3 Fluorspar projects
    • 8.46.4 Markets for fluorspar
      • 8.46.4.1 Honeywell
      • 8.46.4.2 The Chemours Co.
      • 8.46.4.3 Other manufacturers of downstream fluorinated products
  • 8.47 Vietnam
    • 8.47.1 Producers of fluorspar

9. Use of fluorspar in fluorocarbon applications

  • 9.1 Introduction to fluorocarbons
    • 9.1.1 Key fluorocarbon molecules and mixtures
    • 9.1.2 Impact of environmental legislation
    • 9.1.3 Relationship with global warming
    • 9.1.3.1 Direct and indirect global warming impact
    • 9.1.4 Four generations of fluorocarbons
    • 9.1.5 Non-feedstock and feedstock applications
  • 9.2 Non-feedstock fluorocarbons
    • 9.2.1 Main markets
    • 9.2.2 Understanding market sub-sectors
    • 9.2.3 Desirable fluorocarbon properties
    • 9.2.4 Understanding flammability
    • 9.2.5 Market sectors
    • 9.2.6 Regulatory impact
      • 9.2.6.1 Montreal Protocol on ozone depleting substances (ODS)
      • 9.2.6.2 Extension of Montreal Protocol to HFCs
      • 9.2.6.3 Regional/national regulations for HFCs
    • 9.2.7 Production and consumption of CFCs and HCFCs
      • 9.2.7.1 CFCs: Non-feedstock
      • 9.2.7.2 CFCs: Feedstock
      • 9.2.7.3 HCFCs: Non-feedstock
      • 9.2.7.4 HCFCs: Feedstock
      • 9.2.7.5 Production and consumption of HFCs
    • 9.2.8 Future trends in fluorocarbon usage
      • 9.2.8.1 The importance of GWP
      • 9.2.8.2 Use of interim 4th Generation products
      • 9.2.8.3 Use of lower flammability products
      • 9.2.8.4 The importance of energy efficiency
      • 9.2.8.5 Outlook for non-feedstock fluorocarbon demand
      • 9.2.8.6 Outlook for fluorspar demand in non-feedstock fluorocarbons
      • 9.2.8.7 Market sector prospects
  • 9.3 Feedstock (captive) fluorocarbons and fluoro-organic applications
    • 9.3.1 Fluoropolymers
      • 9.3.1.1 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) - [-CF2-CF2-]n
      • 9.3.1.2 Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) - [-CH2-CF2-]n
      • 9.3.1.3 Fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) and other fluoropolymers
    • 9.3.2 Fluoroelastomers (FKM)
    • 9.3.3 Other fluoro-organic end-uses
      • 9.3.3.1 Perfluorocarbons (PFCs)
      • 9.3.3.2 Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFAS) and surfactants
      • 9.3.3.3 Perfluoropolyether lubricants (PFPE)
      • 9.3.3.4 Anesthetic agents
      • 9.3.3.5 Trifluoroacetic acid derivatives (e.g. TFA, TA, TFE)
      • 9.3.3.6 Other fluoro-organic molecules
    • 9.3.4 Outlook for feedstock fluorocarbon and other organics markets
  • 9.4 Other applications for chemicals derived from HF
    • 9.4.1 Electronics industry
      • 9.4.1.1 Wet chemicals (ultra-high purity HF, ammonium fluoride)
      • 9.4.1.2 Fluorogases - halocarbons
      • 9.4.1.3 Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)
      • 9.4.1.4 Fluorine (F2)
      • 9.4.1.5 Tungsten hexafluoride (WF6)
      • 9.4.1.6 Xenon difluoride (XeF2)
    • 9.4.2 Metal processing
      • 9.4.2.1 Steel pickling and other applications
      • 9.4.2.2 Hydrometallurgical extraction of niobium and tantalum
      • 9.4.2.3 Aluminium brazing - potassium aluminium fluoride (PAF or KAlF4)
    • 9.4.3 Uranium manufacture
      • 9.4.3.1 Conversion
      • 9.4.3.2 World nuclear power reactors and uranium requirements
      • 9.4.3.3 Deconversion
      • 9.4.3.4 Secondary sources of conversion supply
    • 9.4.4 Petroleum alkylation
    • 9.4.5 Glass, optics, and high-purity quartz
      • 9.4.5.1 Glass
      • 9.4.5.2 Optics
      • 9.4.5.3 High-purity quartz
    • 9.4.6 Speciality fluorides
      • 9.4.6.1 Lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6)
      • 9.4.6.2 Other lithium electrolyte salts
      • 9.4.6.3 Fluorinated solvents for LiBs
      • 9.4.6.4 Boron trifluoride (BF3)
      • 9.4.6.5 Sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2)
    • 9.4.7 Healthcare and fluoridation
      • 9.4.7.1 Water fluoridation
      • 9.4.7.2 Salt fluoridation
      • 9.4.7.3 Toothpastes and other fluoride uses
    • 9.4.8 Electric industry (dielectric SF6)
    • 9.4.9 Inorganic fluorides
      • 9.4.9.1 Potassium fluoride, sodium fluoride and bifluorides
      • 9.4.9.2 Ammonium fluoride and bifluoride
      • 9.4.9.3 Fluorosilicates
    • 9.4.10 Detergents (LABs)
    • 9.4.11 Treatment of natural graphite
    • 9.4.12 Outlook for fluorspar demand in other applications for chemicals derived from HF

10. Use of fluorspar applications in primary aluminium production

  • 10.1 Supply of aluminium fluoride
  • 10.2 Consumption of aluminium fluoride
  • 10.3 Use of fluorine in the aluminium industry
    • 10.3.1 Process flow
    • 10.3.2 Sources of fluorine additions
  • 10.4 Trends in the aluminium market
    • 10.4.1 Production of aluminium
    • 10.4.2 Consumption of aluminium
    • 10.4.3 End uses of aluminium
  • 10.5 Outlook for fluorspar demand in primary aluminium production
    • 10.5.1 Outlook for aluminium consumption and production
    • 10.5.2 Unit consumption of fluorspar per tonne of aluminium produced
    • 10.5.3 Quantity of AlF3 produced from by-product FSA
    • 10.5.4 Fluorspar demand

11. Use of fluorspar applications in iron and steel production

  • 11.1 Use of fluorspar in the iron and steel industry
  • 11.2 Supply of metspar to the steel industry
  • 11.3 Consumption of fluorspar in the iron and steel industry
  • 11.4 Trends in the iron and steel market
    • 11.4.1 Production of crude steel
    • 11.4.2 Production of stainless steel
  • 11.5 Outlook for fluorspar end-use in iron and steel production
    • 11.5.1 Outlook for steel production
    • 11.5.2 Outlook for stainless steel production
    • 11.5.3 Use of fluorspar in the iron and steel industry

12. Use of fluorspar applications in cement production

  • 12.1 Use of fluorspar in cement manufacture
  • 12.2 Trends in cement clinker manufacture
  • 12.3 Outlook for fluorspar use in cement manufacture

13. Use of fluorspar in other applications

  • 13.1 Use of acidspar as a flux or opacifier
    • 13.1.1 Enamels
    • 13.1.2 Welding rods
    • 13.1.3 Glass
    • 13.1.4 Fibreglass
  • 13.2 Outlook for fluorspar use in other applications

14. Macro economic outlook

List of Tables

  • Table 1: World: Leading fluorspar producers, production capacities in 2017
  • Table 2: World: Production of fluorspar by country, 2008-2017
  • Table 3: World: Production of fluorspar by country and by grade, 2007, 2011 and 2017
  • Table 4: World: Production of metspar, 2012-2016
  • Table 5: World: Planned new metspar capacity, 2017
  • Table 6: World: Production of acidspar, 2012-2016
  • Table 7: World: Planned new acidspar capacity, 2017
  • Table 8: World: HF Production capacity by company and country, 2016
  • Table 9: China: HF Production capacity by company, 2016
  • Table 10: World: Production of HF by company and country, 2006-2016
  • Table 11: HF world production, 2009-2016
  • Table 12: World: AlF3 production using fluorspar feedstock by country, company, and plant, 2016
  • Table 13: AlF3 world production, 2009-2016
  • Table 14: World: Fluorspar consumption, selected years, 1970-2017
  • Table 15: World: Consumption of fluorspar by application, selected years 1990-2021
  • Table 16: World: Exports of fluorspar by main producing countries, 2008-2016
  • Table 17: World: Exports of metallurgical grade fluorspar by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 18: World: Export matrix of metallurgical grade fluorspar, 2016
  • Table 19: World: Exports of acid grade fluorspar by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 20: World: Reported export matrix of acid grade fluorspar by country, 2016
  • Table 21: World: Imports of metallurgical grade fluorspar by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 22: World: Reported import matrix of metallurgical grade fluorspar by country, 2016
  • Table 23: World: Imports of acid grade fluorspar by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 24: World: Reported import matrix of metallurgical grade fluorspar by country, 2016
  • Table 25: World: Exports of hydrogen fluoride by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 26: World: Imports of hydrogen fluoride by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 27: World: Exports of aluminium fluoride by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 28: World: Imports of aluminium fluoride by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 29: World: Exports of cryolite by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 30: World: Imports of cryolite by region and country, 2008-2016
  • Table 31: China: Export quotas and licence fees, 1993-2013
  • Table 32: USA: Average values of imports of fluorspar, 2008-2016
  • Table 33: Japan: Average values of imports of fluorspar, 2008-2016
  • Table 34: Germany: Average values of import imports of fluorspar, 2008-2016
  • Table 35: Italy: Average values of imports of fluorspar, 2008-2016
  • Table 36: USA: Average value of shipments of fluorosilicate acid, 2008-2015
  • Table 37: Physical properties of fluorspar
  • Table 38: World: Reserves of fluorspar, 2016
  • Table 39: Qualitative production cost quartiles
  • Table 40: Composition of AlF3 and FSA
  • Table 41: Afghanistan: Production of metspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 42: Amania Mining: Fluorspar resource of Bakhud deposit, 2015
  • Table 43: Argentina: Production and trade of fluorspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 44: Argentina: Producers of fluorspar, 2017
  • Table 45: Bahrain: Primary aluminium production and imports of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 46: Belarus: Exports of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 47: Belgium: Trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 48: Brazil: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 49: Bulgaria: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 50: Canada: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 51: China: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 52: China: Acidspar exports by main destination, 2009-2016
  • Table 53: China: Metspar exports by main destination, 2009-2016
  • Table 54: China: HF exports by main destination, 2009-2016
  • Table 55: China: AlF3 exports by main destination, 2009-2016
  • Table 56: China: Reserves of fluorspar by province, 2014
  • Table 57: China: Approved fluorspar extraction companies, 2012
  • Table 58: China: Approved fluorspar extraction companies, 2013
  • Table 59: China: Revised list of approved fluorspar extraction companies, 2016
  • Table 60: China: Producers of fluorspar by grade, 2017
  • Table 61: China: Potential fluorspar projects, 2017
  • Table 62: China: HF production capacity by company, 2017
  • Table 63: China: Aluminium fluoride production capacity by company, 2017
  • Table 64: China: Primary aluminium production & AlF3 specific consumption, 2009-2016
  • Table 65: China: Producers of HCFC-22, 2017
  • Table 66: China: HCFC production quotas by company and type, 2016
  • Table 67: China: Production and consumption of HCFCs by type, 2012-2015
  • Table 68: China: Production of HFCs by type, 2013
  • Table 69: China: Producers of low-GWP alternatives, 2017
  • Table 70: China: Producers of PTFE, 2015
  • Table 71: China: Producers of PVDF, 2015
  • Table 72: China: Producers of fluoroelastomers, 2015
  • Table 73: Czech Republic: Production and trade of fluorspar and HF, 2009-2016
  • Table 74: Egypt: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 75: France: Trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 76: Germany: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 77: Germany: Producers of fluorspar by grade, 2017
  • Table 78: Germany: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 79: India: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 80: India: Producers of fluorspar, 2017
  • Table 81: India: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 82: India: Producers of AlF3, 2017
  • Table 83: India: Producers of HCFC-22, 2017
  • Table 84: Indonesia: Production and trade of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 85: Iran: Production and trade of fluorspar and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 86: Iran: Principal producers of fluorspar, 2017
  • Table 87: Iraq: Production of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 88: Italy: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 89: Japan: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 90: Japan: Production of crude steel and metspar use, 2009-2016
  • Table 91: Japan: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 92: Japan: Production and trade of fluorocarbons and fluoropolymers, 2009-2016
  • Table 93: Japan: Producers of fluorine-containing products, 2017
  • Table 94: Jordan: Production and trade of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 95: Kazakhstan: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 96: Kenya: Production and trade of acidspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 97: North Korea: Production and trade of metspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 98: South Korea: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 99: Kyrgyzstan: Production and trade of metspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 100: Lithuania: Production and trade of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 101: Mexico: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 102: Mexico: Acidspar exports by main destination, 2009-2016
  • Table 103: Mexico: Metspar exports by main destination, 2009-2016
  • Table 104: Mexico: Producers of fluorspar by grade, 2017
  • Table 105: Mexico: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 106: Mongolia: Production and trade of fluorspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 107: Mongolia: Fluorspar processing plants, 2017
  • Table 108: Morocco: Production and trade of acidspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 109: Namibia: Production and trade of fluorspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 110: Netherlands: Trade and apparent consumption of HF, 2009-2016
  • Table 111: Norway: Production and trade of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 112: Pakistan: Production and trade of metspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 113: Romania: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 114: Russia: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 115: Russia: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 116: Singapore: Production and trade of fluorspar and HF, 2009-2016
  • Table 117: South Africa: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 118: Spain: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 119: Sweden: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 120: Taiwan: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 121: Thailand: Production and trade of fluorspar and HF, 2009-2016
  • Table 122: Tunisia: Production and trade of fluorspar and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 123: UAE: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 124: UK: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 125: USA: Production and trade of fluorspar, HF and AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Table 126: USA: Producers of HF, 2017
  • Table 127: USA: Other manufacturers of downstream fluorine products, 2017
  • Table 128: Vietnam: Production and trade of fluorspar, 2009-2016
  • Table 129: Families of fluorocarbons
  • Table 130: The most commonly used molecules in each family of fluorocarbons
  • Table 131: Examples of refrigerant blends
  • Table 132: Examples of global warming potential (GWP) and ozone depletion potential (ODP)
  • Table 133: Examples of properties considered for fluid selection
  • Table 134: Examples of key flammability parameters
  • Table 135: Market subsectors and fluorocarbons used
  • Table 136: Montreal Protocol ODS phase-out timetables
  • Table 137: Montreal Protocol HFC phase-down timetables
  • Table 138: Examples of HFC bans in EU Regulations, affecting new equipment in EU 175
  • Table 139: Global feedstock use of CFCs, 2014
  • Table 140: Global production of HCFCs for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2015
  • Table 141: Global consumption of HCFCs for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2015
  • Table 142: Country split of HCFC production for non-feedstock applications, 2000-2015
  • Table 143: Global feedstock use of HCFCs, 2014
  • Table 144: Global production of HCFCs 22, 141b and 142b,
  • Table 145: EU Production and consumption of HFCs, PFCs and SF6, 2007-2015
  • Table 146: Global production capacity for HFCs, 2015
  • Table 147: Global production estimate for non-feedstock applications of HFCs, 2015
  • Table 148: Forecast demand for non-feedstock fluorocarbons by main sectors, 2016-2024
  • Table 149: Forecast demand for non-feedstock fluorocarbons by type, 2016-2024
  • Table 150: Non-feedstock fluorocarbons: Forecast demand for HF and acidspar, 2016-2021
  • Table 151: Non-feedstock fluorocarbon market sector prospects
  • Table 152: World: Production and consumption of feedstock fluorocarbons, 2015
  • Table 153: Fluoropolymer comparison
  • Table 154: World: Fluoropolymer capacity by type, 2010-2025
  • Table 155: North America: Fluoropolymer consumption by type, 2014
  • Table 156: World: PTFE production capacity by company and country, 2017
  • Table 157: World: Estimated PVDF capacity, 2017
  • Table 158: World: Fluoroelastomers capacity, 2017
  • Table 159: Perfluorocarbons, GWP and applications
  • Table 160: Selected producers of trifluoroacetic acid derivatives
  • Table 161: Feedstock fluorocarbons market forecast, 2016-2021
  • Table 162: Feedstock fluorocarbons market forecast, 2016-2021
  • Table 163: Milestones in the development of high-purity HF
  • Table 164: World: Producers of electronic-grade HF, 2017
  • Table 165: Producers of nitrogen trifluoride, 2017
  • Table 166: World primary conversion capacity
  • Table 167: World nuclear power reactors
  • Table 168: Forecast number of reactors to 2035
  • Table 169: Forecast fluorspar use in the nuclear industry, 2015 vs. 2020
  • Table 170: Production capacity of dilute HF acid from depleted UF6
  • Table 171: World: Leading producers of lithium salts for electrolytes, end-2015
  • Table 172: Countries that Fluoridate their Water
  • Table 173: World producers of sulphur hexafluoride
  • Table 174: Selected producers of ammonium bifluoride
  • Table 175: Forecast demand for HF in other chemical applications, 2016-2021
  • Table 176: World: AlF3 capacity and production using fluorspar feedstock by country, company, and plant, 2016
  • Table 177: Apparent consumption of AlF3 2009-2016
  • Table 178: World: AlF3 consumption and use (kg AIF3/t aluminium produced), 2007-2016
  • Table 179: Aluminium primary refined production, 2009-2016
  • Table 180: Forecast consumption of aluminium by country, 2016-2026
  • Table 181: Aluminium refined production, 2016-2026
  • Table 182: World: Acidspar use in aluminium manufacture, 2016-2026
  • Table 183: World production of steel and metspar use by region, 2012-2016
  • Table 184: World: Production of steel by process, 2003, 2011, 2016
  • Table 185: World: Production of crude steel by region, 2009-2016
  • Table 186: Production of stainless steel, 2009-2016
  • Table 187: Outlook for crude steel production to 2026
  • Table 188: Outlook for stainless steel production to 2026
  • Table 189: World: Metspar: Unit consumption kg/t steel output, 1994-2011 and forecasts to 2030
  • Table 190: Cement clinker capacity, 2009-2016
  • Table 191: Outlook for housing starts to 2026
  • Table 192: Outlook for fluorspar use in cement, 2016-2026
  • Table 193: Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2015-2027
  • Table 194: Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2015-2027
  • Table 195: Forecast industrial production for top-30 economies and regions, 2016-2027
  • Table 196: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2015-2027
  • Table 197: Forecast urbanisation rate, 2015-2027
  • Table 198: Forecast median age (years), 2015-2027
  • Table 199: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices (against USD), 2015-2027

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Fluorspar production, 1913-2017
  • Figure 2: World: Production of fluorspar by region, 2004-2017
  • Figure 3: World: Production of fluorspar by selected country, 2004-2017
  • Figure 4: World: Cumulative production of acidspar by country, 2017
  • Figure 5: World: Exports of fluorspar by type from main producing countries, 2016
  • Figure 6: China: Exports of fluorspar and derivatives, 2008-2016
  • Figure 7: World: Exports of metspar, 2016
  • Figure 8: World: Imports of metspar, 2016
  • Figure 9: World: Imports of fluorspar by type into main countries, 2016
  • Figure 10: World: Reported exports of hydrogen fluoride by leading countries, 2008-2016
  • Figure 11: World: Reported exports of hydrogen fluoride by leading countries, 2008-2016
  • Figure 12: World: Average monthly price of wet filter cake acid grade fluorspar by country, 2008-2017
  • Figure 13: World: Average monthly price of wet filter cake acid grade fluorspar by country, 2008-2017
  • Figure 14: World: Average monthly price of metallurgical grade fluorspar by country, 2008-2017
  • Figure 15: World: Main countries: Average value of metallurgical grade fluorspar imports, 2000-2016
  • Figure 16: World: Main countries: Average value of acid grade fluorspar imports, 2000-2016
  • Figure 17: Main exporters of acidspar: Average value of exports, 2000-2016
  • Figure 18: Average value of acid grade exports to the USA by main country, 2000-2016
  • Figure 19: Hydrogen fluoride: Average values of exports from leading countries, 2000-2016
  • Figure 20: Hydrogen fluoride: Average values of imports into leading countries, 2000-2016
  • Figure 21: Aluminium fluoride: Average values of exports from the leading countries, 2000-2016
  • Figure 22: Aluminium fluoride: Average values of imports into the leading countries, 2000-2016
  • Figure 23: Synthetic cryolite: Average values of imports into the leading countries, 2000-2016
  • Figure 24: Simple schematic representation of acidspar processing
  • Figure 25: China: Exports of acidspar, 2009-2016
  • Figure 26: China: Metspar exports, 2009-2016
  • Figure 27: China: Exports of HF, 2009-2016
  • Figure 28: China: Exports of AlF3, 2009-2016
  • Figure 29: China: Production of HFCs, 2006-2013
  • Figure 30: Mexico: Acidspar exports, 2009-2016
  • Figure 31: Mexico: Metspar exports, 2009-2016
  • Figure 32: USA: Acidspar imports, 2009-2016
  • Figure 33: USA: Imports of HF, 2009-2016
  • Figure 34: Comparison of direct and indirect global warming impact, small split air-conditioning
  • Figure 35: Markets using HFCs, 2012
  • Figure 36: RACHP Markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 37: Subsectors of refrigeration markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 38: Subsectors of air-conditioning and heat pump markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 39: Subsectors of aerosol and foam markets, HFC use, 2012
  • Figure 40: GWP bands, with fluorocarbon and NIK examples
  • Figure 41: Typical fluoropolymer production chain (acronyms)
  • Figure 42: Typical fluoropolymer production chain (acronyms & chemical formulas)
  • Figure 43: World: Consumption of fluoropolymers, 2015
  • Figure 44: Global fluoropolymer markets, 2015
  • Figure 45: Typical composition of standard fluoroelastomers (FKM)
  • Figure 46: Building elements of a perfluoroalkylated substance
  • Figure 47: Fluorination chemistry, 2017
  • Figure 48: World: HF applications by intermediate and end product
  • Figure 49: World market share of fluorinated gases, 2014
  • Figure 50: NF3 market share by main producers
  • Figure 51: Solvent extraction of tantalum and niobium compounds
  • Figure 52: HF alkylation process
  • Figure 53: AlF3 production and capacity by region, 2016
  • Figure 54: Aluminium primary refined production
  • Figure 55: Intensity of use of aluminium, 2006-2016
  • Figure 56: Intensity of use of aluminium, 2016
  • Figure 57: Intensity of use of aluminium, 2006-2016
  • Figure 58: Intensity of use of aluminium, 2016
  • Figure 59: End uses of aluminium, 2016
  • Figure 60: PFS emissions and emissions intensity, 1998-2015
  • Figure 61: Production of metspar by region, 2009-2016
  • Figure 62: Exports of metspar by region and destination
  • Figure 63: Production of crude steel by region, 1980-2016
  • Figure 64: End uses of stainless steel, 2016
  • Figure 65: Production of stainless steel, 2002-2016
  • Figure 66: Forecast crude steel production, 2002-2026
  • Figure 67: Outlook for stainless steel production to 2026
  • Figure 68: Outlook for housing starts to 2026
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