表紙
市場調查報告書

錳:至2029年的預測

Manganese: Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 225408
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
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錳:至2029年的預測 Manganese: Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition
出版日期: 2019年09月30日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

2016年終,錳礦石的價格,由於產業的庫存水準急劇降低而暴漲。這是反映了由於前一年的低價格帶來的大幅度減產,加上南非的物流問題和中國的需求復活,錳礦石的價格上升。2017年礦石價格居高不下,這支撐著錳合金價格的上升。生產業者當初對再開始高成本的生產很消極,不過,由於高價格持續提高信賴感,供給量大幅度增加。

本報告提供全球錳市場相關調查分析,整體生產、貿易、消費趨勢,各用途詳細內容,市場預測,價格趨勢等相關的系統性資訊。

第1章 摘要整理

  • 需求
  • 供給
  • 價格

第2章 錳的流程圖

第3章 全球錳生產量

  • 錳礦石的生產
  • 錳合金的生產
  • 錳礦石的生產成本
  • 錳合金的生產成本

第4章 全球錳消費量

  • 錳礦石的消費量
  • 錳合金的消費量
    • 硅錳(SiMn)的消費量
    • 高碳錳鐵(HC FeMn的)消費量
    • 中低碳鐳鐵(MLC FeMn的)消費量
    • 金屬錳的消費量
  • 二氧化錳的消費量

第5章 錳的國際貿易

  • 錳礦石的國際貿易
  • 錳合金的國際貿易
    • 硅錳(SiMn)的國際貿易
    • 高碳錳鐵(HC FeMn的)國際貿易
    • 中低碳鐳鐵(MLC FeMn的)國際貿易
    • 金屬錳的國際貿易
    • 二氧化錳的國際貿易
  • 反傾銷關稅,進出口稅

第6章 錳價格

  • 錳礦石的價格
  • 錳合金的價格

第7章 錳市場展望

  • 錳消費量預測
  • 錳生產量預測
  • 錳價格預測

第8章 錳市場背景

  • 錳的歷史
  • 錳的性質
  • 錳的生產情形
    • 錳礦物
    • 錳礦床的種類
  • 全球錳蘊藏量和資源
  • 錳的開採、加工、精製
    • 錳礦石的開採
    • 錳礦石的加工
    • 錳的冶煉、精製
    • 錳合金
    • 金屬錳
    • 二氧化錳(NMD,CMD,EMD)
    • 其他錳化學品

第9章 國家簡介

  • 阿根廷
  • 澳洲
  • 巴林
  • 比利時
  • 波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納
  • 巴西
  • 保加利亞
  • 布吉納法索
  • 加拿大
  • 智利
  • 中國
  • 哥斯大黎加
  • 象牙海岸共和國
  • 捷克
  • 剛果民主共和國
  • 埃及
  • 法國
  • 加彭
  • 佐治亞
  • 迦納
  • 希臘
  • 蓋亞那共和國
  • 匈牙利
  • 印度
  • 印尼
  • 伊朗
  • 義大利
  • 日本
  • 哈薩克
  • 肯亞
  • 馬其頓
  • 馬來西亞
  • 馬利共和國
  • 墨西哥
  • 摩洛哥
  • 緬甸
  • 奈米比亞
  • 奈及利亞
  • 挪威
  • 阿曼
  • 巴拉圭
  • 秘魯
  • 波蘭
  • 羅馬
  • 俄羅斯
  • 沙烏地阿拉伯
  • 斯洛伐克
  • 南非
  • 韓國
  • 西班牙
  • 多哥
  • 土耳其
  • 烏克蘭
  • 美國
  • 委內瑞拉
  • 越南
  • 尚比亞

第10章 錳的最終用途

  • 製鋼
  • 電池
  • 非鐵合金
  • 其他的用途

第11章 企業簡介

  • Asia Minerals Limited
  • Assmang
  • Mineracao Buritirama
  • CITIC Dameng
  • Dongbu Metal
  • Eramet
  • Eurasian Resources Group
  • Ferroglobe
  • Minera Autlan
  • Mizushima Ferroalloy
  • MOIL
  • Nippon Denko
  • OM Holdings
  • Prince Minerals
  • Privat Group
  • Renova Group
  • Russian Ferro Alloys
  • South32
  • Tianyuan Manganese Industry
  • Vale

第12章 宏觀經濟預測

本網頁內容可能與最新版本有所差異。詳細情況請與我們聯繫。

目錄

Roskill's manganese report is updated and released every 12 months:

  • Access to the report online through Roskill Interactive for up to 5 users
  • Access to the Roskill specialist for key report queries
  • Full forecasted report over the next ten years
  • Hard copy of the report on request

Towards the end of 2016, manganese ore prices surged in response to a sharp drawdown of industry stock levels. These reflected substantial production cutbacks brought about by low prices over the previous year, in combination with logistical problems in South Africa and a resurgence of demand from China. In 2017, ore prices have remained high which has, in turn, supported elevated manganese alloy prices. Ore prices remaining so high has taken the market by surprise as fundamentals no longer appear to justify such prices. While companies were, at first, reluctant to bring high-cost production back on line, sustained high prices have boosted confidence and supply has increased substantially.

Because of high ore prices, output in South Africa looks set to exceed its previous peak level (~14Mt, seen in 2014) by at least 10%. Australian output has also risen substantially in 2017 due to the restart of the Woodie Woodie and Bootu Creek mines, and additional output is also flowing from other key producing countries such as Ghana, where ConsMin has doubled output over the past two years.

Manganese demand will continue to track the development of world steel production, though the use of manganese per tonne of steel has been on a declining trend in recent years. Global steel output remains unexpectedly buoyant at the moment, underpinned by surprisingly strong Chinese crude steel output. Nonetheless, with Chinese crude steel output expected to stabilise over the medium term, and with manganese ore and alloy production currently increasing strongly, Roskill believes there is scope for the manganese market to move into oversupply which should provoke an overdue correction in prices.

Roskill's new report contains a 10-year outlook for supply, demand and prices making it essential reading for those looking for a comprehensive analysis of future trends in the manganese sector. The report also considers the impact that lithium-ion battery demand and resultant demand for manganese sulphate will have on market dynamics.

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1. Demand
  • 1.2. Supply
  • 1.3. Prices

2. Manganese flowchart

3. World production

  • 3.1. Production of manganese ore
  • 3.2. Production of manganese alloys
  • 3.3. Production costs for manganese ore
    • 3.3.1. Cost curves for manganese ore
    • 3.3.2. Manganese ore production cost drivers
      • 3.3.2.1. Mine costs
      • 3.3.2.2. Trucking and rail costs
      • 3.3.2.3. Shipping costs
      • 3.3.2.4. Royalties and sales commissions
      • 3.3.2.5. Value-in-use adjustment
  • 3.4. Production costs for manganese alloys
    • 3.4.1. Cost curves for SiMn
    • 3.4.2. Cost curves for HC FeMn
    • 3.4.3. Manganese alloy production cost drivers
      • 3.4.3.1. Labour costs
      • 3.4.3.2. Manganese ore costs
      • 3.4.3.3. Electricity costs
      • 3.4.3.4. Reductant costs

4. World consumption

  • 4.1. Consumption of manganese ore
  • 4.2. Consumption of manganese alloys
    • 4.2.1. Consumption of SiMn
    • 4.2.2. Consumption of HC FeMn
    • 4.2.3. Consumption of MLC FeMn
    • 4.2.4. Consumption of manganese metal
  • 4.3. Consumption of manganese dioxide

5. International trade

  • 5.1. International trade in manganese ore
  • 5.2. International trade in manganese alloys
    • 5.2.1. International trade in silicomanganese (SiMn)
    • 5.2.2. International trade in high-carbon ferromanganese (HC FeMn)
    • 5.2.3. International trade in medium- and low-carbon ferromanganese (MLC FeMn)
    • 5.2.4. International trade in manganese metal
    • 5.2.5. International trade in manganese dioxide
  • 5.3. Anti-dumping duties, import and export taxes

6. Prices

  • 6.1. Prices for manganese ore
  • 6.2. Prices for manganese alloys

7. Outlook

  • 7.1. Outlook for manganese consumption
    • 7.1.1. Outlook for manganese consumption in steelmaking
    • 7.1.2. Outlook for manganese consumption in other applications
      • 7.1.2.1. Batteries
      • 7.1.2.2. Non-ferrous alloys
  • 7.2. Outlook for manganese production
    • 7.2.1. Outlook for manganese alloy production
    • 7.2.2. Outlook for manganese ore production
  • 7.3. Outlook for manganese prices
    • 7.3.1. Outlook for manganese ore prices
    • 7.3.2. Outlook for manganese alloy prices

8. Background

  • 8.1. History of manganese
  • 8.2. Properties of manganese
  • 8.3. Occurrence of manganese
    • 8.3.1. Manganese minerals
    • 8.3.2. Types of manganese deposits
  • 8.4. Global manganese reserves and resources
  • 8.5. Mining, processing and refining of manganese
    • 8.5.1. Manganese ore mining
    • 8.5.2. Manganese ore processing
    • 8.5.3. Manganese smelting and refining
    • 8.5.4. Manganese alloys
    • 8.5.5. Manganese metal
    • 8.5.6. Manganese dioxide (NMD, CMD and EMD)
    • 8.5.7. Other manganese chemicals

9. Country profiles

  • 9.1. Argentina
  • 9.2. Australia
    • 9.2.1. Australia: manganese ore production
    • 9.2.2. Australia: manganese alloy production
    • 9.2.3. Australia: prospective manganese ore producers
  • 9.3. Bahrain
  • 9.4. Belgium
  • 9.5. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 9.6. Brazil
    • 9.6.1. Brazil: manganese ore production
    • 9.6.2. Brazil: manganese alloy production
  • 9.7. Bulgaria
  • 9.8. Burkina Faso
  • 9.9. Canada
  • 9.10. Chile
  • 9.11. China
  • 9.12. Costa Rica
  • 9.13. Côte d'Ivoire
  • 9.14. Czech Republic
  • 9.15. Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • 9.16. Egypt
  • 9.17. France
  • 9.18. Gabon
  • 9.19. Georgia
  • 9.20. Ghana
  • 9.21. Greece
  • 9.22. Guyana
  • 9.23. Hungary
  • 9.24. India
  • 9.25. Indonesia
  • 9.26. Iran
  • 9.27. Italy
  • 9.28. Japan
  • 9.29. Kazakhstan
  • 9.30. Kenya
  • 9.31. Macedonia
  • 9.32. Malaysia
  • 9.33. Mali
  • 9.34. Mexico
  • 9.35. Morocco
  • 9.36. Myanmar
  • 9.37. Namibia
  • 9.38. Nigeria
  • 9.39. Norway
  • 9.40. Oman
  • 9.41. Paraguay
  • 9.42. Peru
  • 9.43. Poland
  • 9.44. Romania
  • 9.45. Russia
  • 9.46. Saudi Arabia
  • 9.47. Slovakia
  • 9.48. South Africa
    • 9.48.1. South Africa: manganese ore production
    • 9.48.2. South Africa: prospective manganese ore producers
    • 9.48.3. South Africa: manganese alloy production
  • 9.49. South Korea
  • 9.50. Spain
  • 9.51. Togo
  • 9.52. Turkey
  • 9.53. Ukraine
  • 9.54. USA
  • 9.55. Venezuela
  • 9.56. Vietnam
  • 9.57. Zambia

10. End uses

  • 10.1. Use of manganese in steelmaking
    • 10.1.1. Manganese intensity of steel grades
    • 10.1.2. Steel production
      • 10.1.2.1. Stainless steel
    • 10.1.3. Addition of manganese in the steelmaking process
      • 10.1.3.1. Factors influencing alloy selection in steelmaking
  • 10.2. Use of manganese in batteries
    • 10.2.1. Primary batteries
    • 10.2.2. Secondary batteries
      • 10.2.2.1. Lithium-ion batteries
      • 10.2.2.2. The lithium-ion value chain
      • 10.2.2.3. Production of lithium-ion batteries
      • 10.2.2.4. Consumption of lithium-ion batteries
      • 10.2.2.5. Overview of main lithium-ion cathode chemistries
      • 10.2.2.6. Production of lithium-ion battery cathodes
      • 10.2.2.7. Manganese content per kWh
    • 10.2.3. Consumption of manganese in primary batteries
    • 10.2.4. Consumption of manganese in lithium-ion batteries
  • 10.3. Use of manganese in non-ferrous alloys
    • 10.3.1. Aluminium alloys
    • 10.3.2. Other non-ferrous alloys
  • 10.4. Other uses for manganese
    • 10.4.1. Agriculture
      • 10.4.1.1. Fertilisers
      • 10.4.1.2. Animal feeds
    • 10.4.2. Cast iron
    • 10.4.3. Colourants and pigments
      • 10.4.3.1. Bricks and tiles
      • 10.4.3.2. Frits
      • 10.4.3.3. Glazes
      • 10.4.3.4. Glass
      • 10.4.3.5. Pigments
      • 10.4.3.6. Tumbling media
    • 10.4.4. Ferrites
    • 10.4.5. Welding fluxes
    • 10.4.6. Water treatment
      • 10.4.6.1. Manganese ore
      • 10.4.6.2. Potassium permanganate
    • 10.4.7. Hydrometallurgy
      • 10.4.7.1. Zinc processing
      • 10.4.7.2. Uranium processing
      • 10.4.7.3. Other uses
    • 10.4.8. Fuel additives
    • 10.4.9. Oxidising agents
    • 10.4.10. Odour control
    • 10.4.11. Catalysts
    • 10.4.12. Sealants
    • 10.4.13. Metal coating
    • 10.4.14. Circuit boards
    • 10.4.15. Sulphur dioxide removal
    • 10.4.16. Hydroquinone production
    • 10.4.17. Other minor uses

11. Company profiles

  • 11.1. Asia Minerals Limited
  • 11.2. Assmang
  • 11.3. Mineração Buritirama
  • 11.4. CITIC Dameng
  • 11.5. Dongbu Metal
  • 11.6. Eramet
  • 11.7. Eurasian Resources Group
  • 11.8. Ferroglobe
  • 11.9. Minera Autlan
  • 11.10. Mizushima Ferroalloy
  • 11.11. MOIL
  • 11.12. Nippon Denko
  • 11.13. OM Holdings
  • 11.14. Prince Minerals
  • 11.15. Privat Group
  • 11.16. Renova Group
  • 11.17. Russian Ferro Alloys
  • 11.18. South32
  • 11.19. Tianyuan Manganese Industry
  • 11.20. Vale

12. Macro economic outlook

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Actual and forecast SiMn prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 2: World: Production of manganese ore by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 3: World: Production of manganese ore by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 4: World: Production of SiMn by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 5: World: Production of HC FeMn by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 6: World: Production of MLC FeMn by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 7: World: Production of Mn metal by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 8: World: Production of manganese dioxide by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 9: World: Apparent and real consumption of manganese ore, 2011-2019
  • Table 10: World: Apparent and real consumption of SiMn, 2011-2019
  • Table 11: World: Apparent and real consumption of HC FeMn, 2011-2019
  • Table 12: World: Apparent and real consumption of MLC FeMn, 2011-2019
  • Table 13: World: Apparent and real consumption of Mn metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 14: World: Apparent and real consumption of manganese dioxide, 2011-2019
  • Table 15: International trade summary for manganese products, 2011-2019
  • Table 16: World: Exports of manganese ore by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 17: World: Imports of manganese ore by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 18: World: Export matrix for manganese ore, 2018
  • Table 19: World: Exports of SiMn by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 20: World: Imports of SiMn by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 21: World: Export matrix for SiMn, 2018
  • Table 22: World: Exports of HC FeMn by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 23: World: Imports of HC FeMn by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 24: World: Export matrix for HC FeMn, 2018
  • Table 25: World: Exports of MLC FeMn by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 26: World: Imports of MLC FeMn by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 27: World: Export matrix for MLC FeMn, 2018
  • Table 28: World: Exports of Mn metal by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 29: World: Imports of Mn metal by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 30: World: Export matrix for Mn metal, 2018
  • Table 31: World: Exports of Mn dioxide by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 32: World: Imports of Mn dioxide by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 33: World: Export matrix for Mn dioxide, 2018
  • Table 34: Annual average manganese ore spot prices, 2000-2019
  • Table 35: Annual average SiMn prices by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 36: Annual average HC FeMn prices by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 37: Annual average MC FeMn prices by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 38: Annual average manganese metal prices by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 39: Actual and forecast global real consumption of manganese ore and alloys, 2000-2029
  • Table 40: Forecast manganese consumption by form in Li-ion batteries, 2019-2029
  • Table 41: Actual and forecast manganese ore production by country, 2018 and 2029
  • Table 42: Actual and forecast manganese ore prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 43: Actual and forecast SiMn prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 44: Actual and forecast HC FeMn prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 45: Actual and forecast MC FeMn prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 46: Actual and forecast manganese metal prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 47: Physical properties of manganese
  • Table 48: Principal manganese minerals
  • Table 49: Composition of ocean-floor manganese nodules by ocean
  • Table 50: World: Land-based reserves and resources of manganese by country and major mine, 2019
  • Table 51: World: Land-based reserves and resources of manganese by country, estimates for 2019 compared with estimates for 2018
  • Table 52: Bureau of Indian Standards: Classification of manganese ore
  • Table 53: Typical manganese ore specifications from selected major producers
  • Table 54: ASTM specifications for manganese alloys
  • Table 55: Selected manganese chemicals: Formulae, manganese content and main markets
  • Table 56: Australia: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 57: Australia: Summary of main manganese operations
  • Table 58: Australia: Non-operational manganese deposits (2015)
  • Table 59: Brazil: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 60: Brazil: Summary of main manganese operations
  • Table 61: Bulgaria: Manganese ore production, 2014-2019
  • Table 62: China: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 63: China: Manganese alloy effective1 capacity by producer, 2019
  • Table 64: China: Manganese metal capacity by province
  • Table 65: Cote d'Ivoire: Manganese ore production, 2014-2019
  • Table 66: Gabon: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 67: Georgia: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 68: Ghana: Manganese ore production, 2014-2019
  • Table 69: India: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 70: India: Identified manganese alloy producing companies and capacities, 2019
  • Table 71: Kazakhstan: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 72: Malaysia: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 73: Malaysia: Summary of manganese alloy operations
  • Table 74: Mexico: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 75: Myanmar: Manganese ore production, 2014-2019
  • Table 76: Namibia: Manganese ore production, 2014-2019
  • Table 77: Norway: Manganese alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 78: Russia: Manganese alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 79: South Africa: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 80: South Africa: Summary of main manganese operations
  • Table 81: South Korea: Manganese alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 82: Spain: Manganese alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 83: Ukraine: Manganese ore and alloy production, 2014-2019
  • Table 84: Ukraine: Summary of main manganese operations
  • Table 85: Manganese content of various steel grade families
  • Table 86: Manganese specification of principal hot-rolled rebar grades in China
  • Table 87: World: Production of crude steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 88: World: Average annual periodic growth rates of crude steel production by region, 1980-2019
  • Table 89: World: Top-20 crude steel producing companies, 2018
  • Table 90: World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Table 91: World: Top-10 stainless steel producing companies
  • Table 92: Specifications and applications of main grades of stainless steel
  • Table 93: Characteristics of primary lithium batteries
  • Table 94: Characteristics of the main Li-ion battery types
  • Table 95: Top-10 producers of batteries for portable electronics and power applications (2018)
  • Table 96: Top-10 producers of large-sized battery cells for automotive or ESS (2018)
  • Table 97: Top-5 producers of cathode materials, 2018
  • Table 98: Material composition by cathode chemistry
  • Table 99: Specifications and typical analysis of NMD, EMD and CMD
  • Table 100: Producers of battery-grade manganese sulphate
  • Table 101: Manganese consumption by form in lithium-ion, 2010-2019
  • Table 102: Asia Minerals Limited: Summary
  • Table 103: Assmang: Summary
  • Table 104: Mineração Buritirama: Summary
  • Table 105: CITIC Dameng: Summary
  • Table 106: Dongbu Metal: Summary
  • Table 107: Eramet: Summary
  • Table 108: ERG: Contact details
  • Table 109: Ferroglobe: Summary
  • Table 110: Minera Autlan: Summary
  • Table 111: Mizushina Ferroalloy: Summary
  • Table 112: MOIL: Summary
  • Table 113: Nippon Denko: Summary
  • Table 114: OM Holdings: Summary
  • Table 115: Prince Minerals: Summary
  • Table 116: Privat Group: Summary
  • Table 117: Renova Group: Summary
  • Table 118: Russian Ferro Alloys: Summary
  • Table 119: South32: Summary
  • Table 120: Tianyuan Manganese Industry: Summary
  • Table 121: Vale: Summary
  • Table 122: Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 123: Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 124: Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 125: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 126: Forecast urbanisation rate, 2018-2030
  • Table 127: Forecast median age, 2018-2030
  • Table 128: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2018-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Manganese real consumption by end-use, 2018
  • Figure 2: World: Real consumption of manganese ore, 2000-2029
  • Figure 3: World: Real consumption of manganese alloys, 2000-2029
  • Figure 4: World: Actual and forecast crude steel output, 2000-2029
  • Figure 5: World: Actual and forecast average manganese content of world crude steel production, 2000 -2029
  • Figure 6: World: Land-based reserves and resources of manganese by country, 2019
  • Figure 7: World: Manganese ore output by top-five producing countries, 2000-2019
  • Figure 8: World: Manganese alloy production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 9: Monthly prices for manganese ore, nominal terms, January 2009 to June 2019
  • Figure 10: Historical and forecast prices and production costs for manganese ore, 2006-2029
  • Figure 11: Manganese flowchart
  • Figure 12: World: Manganese ore production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 13: World: Manganese ore production by country, 2018
  • Figure 14: World: Manganese ore output by top-five producing countries, 2000-2019
  • Figure 15: World: Estimated average manganese ore grades per country, 2018
  • Figure 16: World: Estimated manganese ore production by company, 2018
  • Figure 17: World: Manganese alloy production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 18: World: Manganese alloy production by region, 2018
  • Figure 19: World: Estimated manganese alloy capacity by company, 2019
  • Figure 20: Global average manganese ore cash production costs, FOB and CIF China basis, 2006-2019
  • Figure 21: Manganese ore cash production costs by component, global average, 2006-2019
  • Figure 22: Cash cost curve for manganese ore, 2019
  • Figure 23: Manganese ore cash costs by region and component, 2019
  • Figure 24: Oil prices (Brent Crude) since 2007
  • Figure 25: Baltic Dry Shipping Index since 2010
  • Figure 26: Global average SiMn and HC FeMn FOB cash production costs, 2006-2019
  • Figure 27: SiMn and HC FeMn ex-plant production costs by component, global average, 2019
  • Figure 28: Global FOB cash cost curve for SiMn, 2019
  • Figure 29: SiMn ex-plant cash costs by region and component, 2019
  • Figure 30: Global FOB cash cost curve for HC FeMn, 2019
  • Figure 31: HC FeMn ex-plant cash costs by region and component, 2019
  • Figure 32: Exchange rate movements versus US$
  • Figure 33: Average electricity tariffs for ferroalloy producers, 2006-2019
  • Figure 34: Average spot prices for metallurgical coke and energy coal since 2007
  • Figure 35: World: Manganese real consumption by end-use, 2018
  • Figure 36: World: Apparent consumption of manganese ore by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 37: World: Real consumption of manganese alloys, 2000-2019
  • Figure 38: World: Apparent consumption of SiMn by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 39: World: Apparent consumption of HC FeMn by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 40: World: Apparent consumption of MLC FeMn by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 41: World: Apparent consumption of Mn metal by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 42: World: Apparent consumption of manganese dioxide by region, 2018
  • Figure 43: World exports as a proportion of world production, 2018
  • Figure 44: World: Top-five exporting and importing countries for manganese ore, 2018
  • Figure 45: World: Exports of manganese ore by top-five exporting countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 46: World: Imports of manganese ore by top-five importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 47: World: Trade flow for manganese ore, 2018
  • Figure 48: World: Top-five exporting and importing countries for SiMn, 2018
  • Figure 49: World: Exports of SiMn by top-five exporting countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 50: World: Imports of SiMn by top-five importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 51: World: Trade flow for SiMn, 2018
  • Figure 52: World: Top-five exporting and importing countries for HC FeMn, 2018
  • Figure 53: World: Exports of HC FeMn by top-five exporting countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 54: World: Imports of HC FeMn by top-five importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 55: World: Trade flow for HC FeMn, 2018
  • Figure 56: World: Top-five exporting and importing countries for MLC FeMn, 2018
  • Figure 57: World: Exports of MLC FeMn by top-five exporting countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 58: World: Imports of MLC FeMn by top-five importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 59: World: Trade flow for MLC FeMn, 2018
  • Figure 60: World: Top-five exporting and importing countries for manganese metal, 2018
  • Figure 61: World: Exports of manganese metal by top-five exporting countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 62: World: Imports of manganese metal by top-five importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 63: World: Top-five exporting and importing countries for manganese dioxide, 2018
  • Figure 64: World: Exports of manganese dioxide by top-five exporting countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 65: World: Imports of manganese dioxide by top-five importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 66: Benchmark prices for manganese ore, nominal and real terms, 1972-2019
  • Figure 67: Monthly prices for manganese ore, nominal terms, January 2009 to June 2019
  • Figure 68: USA: Average prices for SiMn, nominal and real terms, 1972-2019
  • Figure 69: Monthly prices for SiMn, nominal terms, January 2009-June 2019
  • Figure 70: Monthly prices for HC FeMn, nominal terms, January 2009 to June 2019
  • Figure 71: Monthly prices for MC FeMn, nominal terms, January 2009-June 2019
  • Figure 72: Monthly prices for manganese metal, nominal terms, January 2009-June 2019
  • Figure 73: China: Export prices for manganese dioxide, nominal terms, annual, 2009-2019
  • Figure 74: World: Actual and forecast crude steel output, 2000-2029
  • Figure 75: World: Actual and forecast average manganese content of world crude steel production, 2000-2029
  • Figure 76 : World: Forecast Li-ion battery demand by end-use, 2019-2029
  • Figure 77: Historical and forecast prices and production costs for manganese ore, 2006-2029
  • Figure 78: World: Land-based reserves and resources of manganese by country, 2019
  • Figure 79: World: Estimated head grades of manganese ore per major producing country
  • Figure 80: Applications for manganese ores
  • Figure 81: Australia: Mn ore exports, 2008-2018
  • Figure 82: China: Manganese ore imports by source, 2008-2018
  • Figure 83: China: Manganese alloy effective capacity by province, 2019
  • Figure 84: South Africa: Manganese ore exports by destination, 2008-2018
  • Figure 85: World: Average manganese content of crude steel production, 2000-2018
  • Figure 86: World: Production of crude steel and year-on-year changes, 1981-2019
  • Figure 87: World: Production of crude steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Figure 88: World: Steel output by product group
  • Figure 89: World: Steel consumption by end-use sector
  • Figure 90: World: Production of stainless steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Figure 91: World: Stainless steel output by series, 2018
  • Figure 92: World: Consumption of stainless steel by application
  • Figure 93: World: Real consumption of Mn alloys relative to crude steel output, 2000-2019
  • Figure 94: Discount for SiMn price relative to price of an equivalent quantity of FeSi and HC FeMn, monthly, 2000-2019
  • Figure 95: A cylindrical Li-ion battery cell
  • Figure 96: Capacity and voltage potential of cathode materials
  • Figure 97: Comparison of gravimetric energy density by battery chemistry
  • Figure 98: Comparison of gravimetric energy density by battery chemistry
  • Figure 99: Market size by Li-ion supply chain segment, 2018
  • Figure 100: World: Historic lithium-ion battery manufacturing capacity installed by country, 2010-2018
  • Figure 101: World: Market for rechargeable batteries, 2000-2018
  • Figure 102: Li-ion battery active materials value chain
  • Figure 103: Demand for cathode materials by type against Li-ion battery output, 2000-2018
  • Figure 104: World: Production of cathode materials by type and intensity of use, 2000-2018
  • Figure 105: Market shares of cathode producers, 2010 and 2018 (% t production, irrespective of cathode type)
  • Figure 106: Lithium-ion battery cathode composition 2018
  • Figure 107: North America: Consumption of aluminium beverage can sheet, 1980-2019