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市場調查報告書

鉭 - 到2030年的預測:第16版

Tantalum - Outlook to 2030, 16th Edition

出版商 Roskill Information Services 商品編碼 1006610
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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鉭 - 到2030年的預測:第16版 Tantalum - Outlook to 2030, 16th Edition
出版日期: 2021年04月30日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

鉭市場發展,2020年臨時停止,全球需求在全部的部門大幅度減少,作為供給面的澳洲的鉭精礦增加中斷。可是,市場進入第一季,這些趨勢反轉,預計今後數年長期性成長復甦。

本報告提供全球鉭市場相關調查分析,COVID-19的影響,供給,需求,價格,預測,市場平衡,永續性等相關的系統性資訊。

目錄

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 供應鏈的流程圖

第3章 全球生產

  • 一次供給
  • 二次供給
  • 主要的鉭開採事業

第4章 製造成本

  • 鉭礦山
  • 二次礦山
  • 開採成本比較
  • 加工

第5章 全球消費

第6章 國際貿易

  • 礦石、精礦
  • 錫礦渣
  • 鉭金屬、化合物
  • 貿易管理、問題

第7章 價格

  • 鉭礦石、精礦
  • 鉭化合物
  • 鉭金屬

第8章 預測

  • 供給
  • 需求
  • 價格
  • 市場平衡

第9章 背景

  • 產量、蘊藏量
  • 開採、加工

第10章 永續性

  • 環境,社會,管治(ESG)
  • 重要的原料
  • 責任有的採購舉措

第11章 國家概況

  • 安哥拉
  • 澳洲
  • 奧地利
  • 玻利維亞
  • 巴西
  • 布隆迪
  • 加拿大
  • 中國
  • 哥倫比亞
  • 剛果民主共和國 (DRC)
  • 剛果共和國
  • 象牙海岸共和國
  • 捷克
  • 愛沙尼亞
  • 衣索比亞
  • 法國
  • 德國
  • 印度
  • 日本
  • 哈薩克
  • 馬來西亞
  • 墨西哥
  • 莫三比克
  • 奈米比亞
  • 奈及利亞
  • 葡萄牙
  • 俄羅斯
  • 盧安達
  • 獅子山共和國
  • 南非
  • 西班牙
  • 坦尚尼亞
  • 泰國
  • 烏干達
  • 烏克蘭
  • 英國
  • 美國
  • 委內瑞拉
  • 辛巴威

第12章 企業簡介

  • 生產業者
  • 計劃
  • 加工業者

第13章 最終用途

  • 電容器
  • 鉭化合物
  • 濺鍍用靶材
  • 合金添加劑
  • 延伸材
  • 超硬合金

第14章 宏觀經濟預測

目錄

Tantalum market development was somewhat paused in 2020, with global demand reduced significantly across all sectors and a hiatus on the ramp up of by-product tantalum concentrate from Australia on the supply side. However, recovery is on the horizon as the market enters Q1, with a reversal of these trends and a return to longer-term growth expected over the coming years.

Tantalum is a critical material in many of the niche industries where it has carved out a home, with limited threat from substitution and reliable high-performance consumers in sectors such as aerospace, medical and military. However, the unprecedented roller coaster of 2020 has resulted in dramatic changes for tantalum.

Early on in 2020, the impact on tantalum was fairly limited. Unlike many industries, the proportion of supply from China is relatively small, only around 7% of primary mine production. The major suppliers in recent years have been Central Africa (mainly the DRC and Rwanda with a high proportion of artisanal production) and Brazil (from AMG's Mibra and Mineração Taboca's Pitinga mines). However, production of by-product tantalum from new lithium operations in Australia has taken increasing market share, mainly from African supply. Tantalum concentrate from Australia accounted for 3% of primary global supply in 2017, but this had increased to 14% by 2019. Ramp up of the lithium mines had been spurred by bourgeoning demand in the lithium-ion battery sector, for use in EVs and energy storage, but a downturn in China's EV sector in 2019, followed by the shock of COVID-19 in 2020, has forced most of the Australian producers to suspend mining, with some continuing to produce from stocks.

Alita Resources, which produces lithium/tantalum from the Bald Hill operation, entered voluntary administration in August 2019. Altura Mining, which operates the Pilgangoora lithium mine containing tantalum for potential future recovery, entered administration in October 2020, with neighbour Pilbara Minerals looking to purchase its assets to add to its own Pilgangoora lithium/tantalum operation. However, with China's EV market recovering strongly from the middle of 2020, the sector is poised for a return to higher rates of lithium and by-product tantalum recovery in 2021. This material potentially offers a more sustainable and traceable product compared to African-sourced tantalum which, despite major improvements over the last decade, continues to be associated with fears of conflict mining and illegal smuggling. The EU's new Conflict Minerals regulation will come into play in 2021, reinforcing the aims of the 2010 US Dodd Frank provision to put more responsibility on the shoulders of consumers to ensure sustainability.

The largest application for tantalum is in high performance capacitors which was experiencing strong growth prior to 2020 thanks to the roll out of 5G infrastructure and booming electrification in our homes, cars and workspaces. With roll out plans put on hold and reduced consumer spending, 2020 saw a decline of 15-20% in this sector. Other major markets such as anti-corrosive materials for the chemical processing industry, mill products, and cemented carbides were even worse affected. However, by far the biggest losses in 2020 came from aerospace, where demand for specialist tantalum alloys is thought to have almost halved in 2020 as a result of the hiatus on most air travel, and the grounding of Boeing's 737 Max aircraft. However, again, recovery had already begun towards the end of 2020, with a pick-up in monthly deliveries and a resumption of flying for the beleaguered Boeing model. Roskill expects demand recovery to lead to a spike in tantalum demand in 2021, and forecasts a return to optimistic growth rates in the long-term.

Tantalum concentrate prices fell from a peak of US$100/lb (CIF China, 30% Ta2O5) in mid-2018 with an influx of by-product material, almost halving to their lowest point in August 2019 at US$53/lb. As Australian supply slowed down, prices recovered, and continued to rise through H1 2020 despite COVID-19. From August 2020, however, the pronounced effects of COVID-19 on tantalum demand filtered through to prices, which fell to a low of US$51/lb by the end of the year. With a hint of recovery going into 2021, Roskill expects prices to rise again as tantalum demand returns through 2021 but, long term, upward price movement will be limited as Australian supply re-enters the market.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • How will prices perform in 2021 and beyond?
  • Who are the main players in this complex supply chain?
  • How will regional production change over the next decade?
  • Which end uses are expected to see the largest increases in consumption and why?
  • What will be the tantalum supply-demand balance out to 2030?

Subscribe now and receive:

  • Detailed report with ten-year forecasts for demand, supply and prices
  • Access to the report via Roskill Interactive for up to 5 users
  • Quarterly updates to keep you up to speed on our latest view of the industry
  • Access to Roskill specialists for key market queries
  • Option to download tables and graphs from the report
  • A summary PowerPoint of key report findings

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1 Impact of COVID-19
  • 1.2 Supply
  • 1.3 Demand
  • 1.4 Prices
  • 1.5 Outlook
  • 1.6 Market balance
  • 1.7 Sustainability

2. Supply chain flowchart

3. World production

  • 3.1 Primary supply
    • 3.1.1 Conventional production
    • 3.1.2 Artisanal production
    • 3.1.3 Lithium by-product
  • 3.2 Secondary supply
    • 3.2.1 Tin slags
    • 3.2.2 Stockpiles and inventories
    • 3.2.3 Recycling
  • 3.3 Principal tantalum mining operations

4. Production costs

  • 4.1 Tantalum mines
  • 4.2 Secondary mines
  • 4.3 Mining cost comparison
  • 4.4 Processing

5. World consumption

6. International trade

  • 6.1 Ores and concentrates
  • 6.2 Tin slags
  • 6.3 Tantalum metal and compounds
  • 6.4 Trade controls and issues
    • 6.4.1 Tariffs
    • 6.4.2 Transportation regulations
    • 6.4.3 Conflict-free sourcing (ethical sourcing)

7. Prices

  • 7.1 Tantalum ores and concentrates
  • 7.2 Tantalum chemicals
  • 7.3 Tantalum metal

8. Outlook

  • 8.1 Supply
  • 8.2 Demand
  • 8.3 Prices
  • 8.4 Market balance

9. Background

  • 9.1 Occurrence and reserves
    • 9.1.1 Occurrence
    • 9.1.2 Reserves and resources
  • 9.2 Mining and processing

10. Sustainability

  • 10.1 Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)
    • 10.1.1 Environmental
      • 10.1.1.1 Resource consumption
      • 10.1.1.2 Emissions
      • 10.1.1.3 Biodiversity and land use
      • 10.1.1.4 Tailings and processing waste disposal
    • 10.1.2 Social
      • 10.1.2.1 Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)
      • 10.1.2.2 Human rights
    • 10.1.3 Governance
      • 10.1.3.1 Corruption
      • 10.1.3.2 Ease of Doing Business (EoDB)
  • 10.2 Critical raw materials
  • 10.3 Responsible sourcing initiatives
    • 10.3.1 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
    • 10.3.2 European Union Conflict Minerals Regulation
    • 10.3.3 Dodd-Frank Act on Conflict Minerals
    • 10.3.4 China Chamber of Commerce of Metals, Minerals & Chemicals Importers and Exporters (CCCMC)
    • 10.3.5 Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP)
    • 10.3.6 International Tin Supply Chain Initiative (ITSCi)
    • 10.3.7 Responsible Sourcing Blockchain Network (RSBN)

11. Country profiles

  • 11.1 Angola
  • 11.2 Australia
    • 11.2.1 Tantalum resources
    • 11.2.2 Tantalum production and trade
    • 11.2.3 Tantalum producers
  • 11.3 Austria
  • 11.4 Bolivia
  • 11.5 Brazil
    • 11.5.1 Tantalum resources
    • 11.5.2 Tantalum production and trade
  • 11.6 Burundi
  • 11.7 Canada
  • 11.8 China
    • 11.8.1 Tantalum resources
    • 11.8.2 Tantalum production and trade
    • 11.8.3 Tantalum processors
  • 11.9 Colombia
  • 11.10 Congo, Democratic Republic of the (DRC)
  • 11.11 Congo, Republic of the
  • 11.12 Côte d'Ivoire
  • 11.13 Czechia
  • 11.14 Estonia
  • 11.15 Ethiopia
  • 11.16 France
  • 11.17 Germany
  • 11.18 India
  • 11.19 Japan
  • 11.20 Kazakhstan
  • 11.21 Malaysia
  • 11.22 Mexico
  • 11.23 Mozambique
  • 11.24 Namibia
    • 11.24.1 Nigeria
  • 11.25 Portugal
  • 11.26 Russia
    • 11.26.1 Tantalum resources
    • 11.26.2 Tantalum production and trade
    • 11.26.3 Tantalum producers and projects
  • 11.27 Rwanda
    • 11.27.1 Tantalum production and trade
    • 11.27.2 Tantalum producers and projects
  • 11.28 Sierra Leone
  • 11.29 South Africa
  • 11.30 Spain
  • 11.31 Tanzania
  • 11.32 Thailand
    • 11.32.1 Tantalum production and trade
  • 11.33 Uganda
  • 11.34 Ukraine
  • 11.35 UK
  • 11.36 USA
    • 11.36.1 Tantalum processors, traders and recyclers
    • 11.36.2 Tantalum trade
      • 11.36.2.1 Tantalum ores and concentrates
      • 11.36.2.2 Tantalum metal and scrap
  • 11.37 Venezuela
  • 11.38 Zimbabwe
    • 11.38.1 Tantalum producers and projects

12. Company profiles

  • 12.1 Producers
    • 12.1.1 Alita Resources
    • 12.1.2 Altura Mining
    • 12.1.3 AMG Brasil
    • 12.1.4 Galaxy Resources
    • 12.1.5 Lovozero Mining-Concentrating Combine
    • 12.1.6 Mineração Taboca
    • 12.1.7 Mineral Resources Limited (MRL)
    • 12.1.8 Pilbara Minerals
    • 12.1.9 Talison Lithium
  • 12.1.10 Yichun Tantalum and Niobium Mine
  • 12.2 Projects
    • 12.2.1 Critical Elements
    • 12.2.2 Frontier Lithium
    • 12.2.3 Prospect Resources
    • 12.2.4 Strategic Minerals Spain
    • 12.2.5 Technoinvest Alliance
  • 12.3 Processors
    • 12.3.1 Changsha South Tantalum Niobium
    • 12.3.2 China Zhenhua (Group) Xinyun Electronic Components
    • 12.3.3 Exotech
    • 12.3.4 F&X Electro-Materials
    • 12.3.5 Global Advanced Metals (GAM)
    • 12.3.6 Guangdong Guangsheng Rare Metal Photoelectric New Material
    • 12.3.7 Guangdong Zhiyauan New Materials
    • 12.3.8 H.C. Starck Solutions
    • 12.3.9 Hengyang KingXing-Lifeng New Material
  • 12.3.10 Jiangxi Province Dinghai Tantalum & Niobium
  • 12.3.11 Jiayuan Cobalt
  • 12.3.12 Jiujiang Tanbre
  • 12.3.13 Jiujiang Zhongao Tantalum & Niobium
  • 12.3.14 Kazatomprom
  • 12.3.15 Kemet Blue Powder
  • 12.3.16 KING-TAN Tantalum Industry
  • 12.3.17 Mitsui Mining and Smelting
  • 12.3.18 Neo Performance Materials (NPM) Silmet
  • 12.3.19 Ningxia Orient Tantalum Industry (OTIC)
  • 12.3.20 Solikamsk Magnesium Works (SMW)
  • 12.3.21 Tanobis
  • 12.3.22 Yanling Jincheng Tantalum & Niobium
  • 12.3.23 Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Works

13. End uses

  • 13.1 Capacitors
    • 13.1.1 Trends in the tantalum capacitor market
    • 13.1.2 Consumption of tantalum capacitors by application
    • 13.1.3 Consumption of tantalum capacitors by region
    • 13.1.4 Producers of tantalum capacitors
  • 13.2 Tantalum chemicals
    • 13.2.1 High-purity tantalum oxides
      • 13.2.1.1 Use of high-purity tantalum oxide in SAW filters
      • 13.2.1.2 Use of high-purity tantalum oxide in optical coatings
    • 13.2.2 Standard-grade tantalum oxides and carbides
    • 13.2.3 Intermediate tantalum chemicals
    • 13.2.4 Producers of tantalum chemicals
  • 13.3 Sputtering targets
    • 13.3.1 Semiconductor applications
    • 13.3.2 Magnetic data storage
    • 13.3.3 Inkjet printing
    • 13.3.4 Producers of sputtering targets
  • 13.4 Alloy additives
    • 13.4.1 High-performance alloys (HPA)
      • 13.4.1.1 Production of superalloys
      • 13.4.1.2 Producers of superalloys
      • 13.4.1.3 Consumption of superalloys
      • 13.4.1.4 Superalloy recycling
    • 13.4.2 Aerospace applications for HPA
    • 13.4.3 Industrial gas turbine applications for HPA
    • 13.4.4 Other applications for HPA
    • 13.4.5 Applications for non-HPA alloys
  • 13.5 Mill products
    • 13.5.1 Corrosion-resistant applications for tantalum mill products in the chemical processing industry
    • 13.5.2 Other applications for tantalum mill products
    • 13.5.3 Manufacture of tantalum mill products
    • 13.5.4 Producers of tantalum mill products
  • 13.6 Cemented carbides
    • 13.6.1 Markets for cemented carbides
    • 13.6.2 Producers of tantalum carbides
    • 13.6.3 Trends in cemented carbide production
      • 13.6.3.1 China
      • 13.6.3.2 Europe
      • 13.6.3.3 USA
      • 13.6.3.4 Japan

14. Macroeconomic outlook

List of Tables

  • Table 1: World: Estimated tantalum supply by country, 2015-2020
  • Table 2: Estimated supply of tantalum in tin slags, 2015-2020
  • Table 3: World: Details of major primary tantalum mining operations, 2020
  • Table 4: Tantalum mining cost comparison
  • Table 5: World: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates by country, 2015-2020
  • Table 6: World: Imports of tantalum ores and concentrates by country, 2015-2020
  • Table 7: Central Africa: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates by country, 2015-2020
  • Table 8: Other Africa: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates by country, 2015-2020
  • Table 9: Other countries: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates by country, 2015-2020
  • Table 10: Exports of tantalum in tin slags, 2015-2020
  • Table 11: World: Summary of international trade in tantalum metal, 2015-2020
  • Table 12: World: Summary of international trade in unwrought tantalum, 2015-2020
  • Table 13: World: Summary of international trade in wrought tantalum, 2015-2020
  • Table 14: World: Summary of international trade in tantalum waste and scrap, 2015-2020
  • Table 15: Annual average prices of tantalum pentoxide, 2010-2021
  • Table 16: Annual average prices of tantalum pentoxide, 2015-2021
  • Table 17: Average annual prices of tantalum metal, 2010-2021
  • Table 18: Forecast demand for tantalum by end use, 2021-2030
  • Table 19: Forecast demand growth for tantalum by end use, 2021-2030
  • Table 20: Tantalum concentrate price forecast, 2021-2030
  • Table 21: Principal tantalum and niobium-bearing minerals
  • Table 22: World: Most likely resource base for tantalum
  • Table 23: Summary of selected tantalum deposits (as of April 2021)
  • Table 24: Tantalum mine production vs Human Freedom Index
  • Table 25: Tantalum mine production vs Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Table 26: Tantalum mine production vs World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index
  • Table 27: Critical raw materials identified by key Government bodies
  • Table 28: OECD due diligence guidance for minerals - 5-step framework for upstream and downstream supply chains
  • Table 29: Tantalum smelters conformant with RMAP standards
  • Table 30: Australia: Tantalum resources at operating mines and projects
  • Table 31: Australia: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 32: Australia: Summary of tantalum producers and projects
  • Table 33: Austria: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 34: Bolivia: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 35: Brazil: Tantalum resources at operating mines
  • Table 36: Brazil: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 37: Burundi: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 38: Canada: Summary of potential tantalum-bearing development projects
  • Table 39: China: Summary of tantalum mineral deposits
  • Table 40: China: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 41: China: Summary trade data (tantalum concentrates), 2015-2020
  • Table 42: China: Summary trade data (tantalum metal), 2015-2020
  • Table 43: China: Summary production data (tantalum products), 2019-2021
  • Table 44: China: Tantalum producer monthly inventory, 2020 and 2021
  • Table 45: China: Summary of principal tantalum processors
  • Table 46: DRC: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 47: Congo: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 48: Czechia: Summary data (tantalum concentrates), 2015-2020
  • Table 49: Czechia: Summary data (tantalum metal), 2015-2020
  • Table 50: Estonia: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 51: Ethiopia: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 52: France: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 53: Germany: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 54: India: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 55: Japan: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 56: Kazakhstan: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 57: Malaysia: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 58: Mexico: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 59: Mozambique: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 60: Namibia: Summary of tantalum-niobium mineral resources
  • Table 61: Nigeria: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 62: Russia: Principal deposits of tantalum- and niobium-bearing ores
  • Table 63: Russia: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 64: Rwanda: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 65: Rwanda: Summary of known producers
  • Table 66: Sierra Leone: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 67: Spain: Summary data, 2015-2020
  • Table 68: Thailand: International trade in tantalum raw materials, 2015-2020
  • Table 69: Thailand: International trade in tantalum metal, 2015-2020
  • Table 70: UK: Summary statistics, 2015-2020
  • Table 71: UK: Leading processors, consumers and traders of tantalum
  • Table 72: USA: Selected processors, consumers and traders of tantalum
  • Table 73: USA: Summary of trade in tantalum, 2015-2020
  • Table 74: USA: Trade in tantalum ores and concentrates, 2015-2020
  • Table 75: USA: Estimated imports of tantalum ores and concentrates by company, 2019 and 2020
  • Table 76: USA: Trade in tantalum products, 2015-2020
  • Table 77: USA: Trade in tantalum waste and scrap, 2015-2020
  • Table 78: USA: Imports of tantalum metal and scrap by company, 2019 and 2020
  • Table 79: Zimbabwe: Summary statistics, 2015-2020
  • Table 80: Zimbabwe: Details of potential tantalum-bearing development projects
  • Table 81: Alita Resources: Operational details
  • Table 82: Altura Mining: Operational details
  • Table 83: AMG Brasil: Operational details
  • Table 84: AMG Brasil: Total resources at the Mibra mine
  • Table 85: Galaxy Resources: Operational details
  • Table 86: Lovozero: Production of loparite concentrate, 2011-2020
  • Table 87: Mineração Taboca: Operational details
  • Table 88: Mineração Taboca: Production of mineral concentrate, columbite and ferroalloys, 2016-2020
  • Table 89: Mineral Resources Limited: Tantalum resources at the Wodgina mine, 2018
  • Table 90: Mineral Resources Limited: Operational details
  • Table 91: Pilbara Minerals: Operational details
  • Table 92: Talison Lithium: Operational details
  • Table 93: Critical Elements: Project summary
  • Table 94: Frontier Lithium: Project summary
  • Table 95: Prospect Resources: Project summary
  • Table 96: Kazatomprom: Production of tantalum, 2010-2019
  • Table 97: Mitsui Mining and Smelting: Tantalum pentoxide specifications
  • Table 98: NPM Silmet: Specifications for niobium and tantalum raw materials
  • Table 99: Solikamsk Magnesium Works: Production of tantalum oxide, 2011-2020
  • Table 100: Applications for tantalum
  • Table 101: Strengths and weaknesses of aluminium, ceramic and tantalum capacitors
  • Table 102: Production bases for leading tantalum capacitor manufacturers
  • Table 103: Applications for SAW components
  • Table 104: Summary of principal tantalum-bearing alloys
  • Table 105: Elements and their function in HPA
  • Table 106: Composition of typical single-crystal nickel-based superalloys
  • Table 107: Leading producers of superalloys
  • Table 108: Major producers of IGTs
  • Table 109: Reagents to which tantalum is not chemically resistant
  • Table 110: Corrosion rates for tantalum in hydrochloric acid
  • Table 111: Mechanical properties of tantalum mill products
  • Table 112: Physical properties of tantalum carbide
  • Table 113: Suppliers and fabricators of selected carbides
  • Table 114: World: Output of cemented carbides by main producers, 2013-2020
  • Table 115: Japan: Production of ultra-hard metals by end use, 2011-2019
  • Table 116: Base Case Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2020-2031
  • Table 117: Base Case Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2020-203
  • Table 118: Base Case Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2020-2031
  • Table 119: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2020-2031
  • Table 120: Forecast inflation for top-30 economies and regions, 2020-2031
  • Table 121: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2020-2031

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Primary tantalum supply, 2015-2030
  • Figure 2: Tantalum demand, 2015-2030
  • Figure 3: Tantalum concentrate prices, 2010-2030
  • Figure 4: Prices and estimated production costs for tantalum pentoxide and tantalum metal, 2020-2021
  • Figure 5: Tantalum flowchart
  • Figure 6: World: Estimated supply of tantalum by source, 2020
  • Figure 7: World: Estimated tantalum supply by region, 2015-2020
  • Figure 8: Spodumene cost curve basis tantalum production, 2021
  • Figure 9: Approximate production cost of tantalum products
  • Figure 10: Approximate cost breakdown for tantalum pentoxide
  • Figure 11: Approximate cost breakdown for tantalum metal
  • Figure 12: World: Consumption of tantalum by application, 2010-2020
  • Figure 13: World: Consumption of tantalum by application, 2019 and 2020
  • Figure 14: World: Change in tantalum consumption by application, 2019-2020
  • Figure 15: World: Consumption of tantalum in capacitors, 2005-2020
  • Figure 16: World: Consumption of tantalum in chemicals, 2010-2020
  • Figure 17: World: Consumption of tantalum in sputtering targets, 2010-2020
  • Figure 18: World: Consumption of tantalum in alloy additives, 2010-2020
  • Figure 19: World: Consumption of tantalum in mill products, 2010-2020
  • Figure 20: World: Consumption of tantalum in cemented carbides, 2010-2020
  • Figure 21: World: Trade in tantalum ores and concentrates, 2015-2020
  • Figure 22: World: Estimated tantalum concentrate market value, 2015-2020
  • Figure 23: World: Exports of tantalum units by principal country, 2015-2020
  • Figure 24: World: Exports of tantalum ores and concentrates by region, 2015-2020
  • Figure 25: World: Summary of international trade in tantalum metal, 2015-2020
  • Figure 26: Summary of international trade in tantalum metal excluding scrap, 2015-2020
  • Figure 27: World: Imports of tantalum metal vs. tantalum waste and scrap, 2015-2020
  • Figure 28: Annual average tantalum concentrate market prices, 2010-2020
  • Figure 29: Monthly average tantalum concentrate market prices, 2020 and 2021
  • Figure 30: China: Monthly imports of tantalum ores and concentrates, 2020 and 2021
  • Figure 31: Annual average tantalum and niobium concentrate market prices, 2010-2020
  • Figure 32: Average annual prices of tantalum concentrate and tantalum oxide, 2010-2020
  • Figure 33: Comparison of hydrofluoric acid and tantalum oxide prices, 2010-2020
  • Figure 34: Forecast supply of primary tantalum by region, 2021-2030
  • Figure 35: Forecast supply of primary tantalum by source, 2021 and 2030
  • Figure 36: Forecast demand for tantalum by end use, 2021-2030
  • Figure 37: World: Forecast tantalum capacitor shipments, 2020-2030
  • Figure 38: Heatmap of probabilistic price movements for tantalum concentrate, 2021-2030
  • Figure 39: Forecast tantalum market balance, 2021-2030
  • Figure 40: Solvent extraction of tantalum and niobium compounds
  • Figure 41: Production of tantalum powder by sodium reduction of K-salt
  • Figure 42: UN Sustainable Development Goals
  • Figure 43: Roskill's ESG framework
  • Figure 44: Criticality matrix
  • Figure 45: European CRM list 2020
  • Figure 46: China: Monthly production of tantalum, 2020 and 2021
  • Figure 47: AMG Brasil: Estimated production of tantalum concentrate, 2015-2020
  • Figure 48: Galaxy Resources: Mt. Cattlin production, 2015-2020
  • Figure 49: Pilbara Minerals: Production and sales of tantalum concentrate, 2018-2020
  • Figure 50: Talison Lithium: Estimated production of tantalum, 2015-2020
  • Figure 51: Estimated consumption of tantalum by application, 2019 and 2020
  • Figure 52: World: Capacitor market share by type, FY2020
  • Figure 53: World: Tantalum capacitor shipments, 2010-2020
  • Figure 54: World: Historical and forecast sales of smartphones, mobile phones and wearables, 2000-2030
  • Figure 55: World: Historical and forecast sales of electronic devices, 2010-2030
  • Figure 56: World: Tantalum capacitor market by region, 2020
  • Figure 57: Market share of the leading tantalum capacitor manufacturers, FY2020
  • Figure 58: World: Historical and forecast demand for non-silicon wafers for MtM applications, 2016-2023
  • Figure 59: World: Value of semiconductor shipments by market and region, 2018
  • Figure 60: World: Production of HPA by type, 2019
  • Figure 61: Elemental effects of metals in HPA
  • Figure 62: End uses for superalloys, 2019
  • Figure 63: Airline traffic and capacity, 2010-2020
  • Figure 64: World: Deliveries of commercial jet aircraft, 2010-2020
  • Figure 65: World: Historical deliveries of commercial jet engines, 2010-2020
  • Figure 66: Forecast airline traffic and capacity, 2020-2030
  • Figure 67: World: Forecast deliveries of commercial jet aircraft, 2020-2030
  • Figure 68: World: Forecast deliveries of commercial jet engines, 2020-2030
  • Figure 69: World: Industrial gas turbine orders by region, 2010-2020
  • Figure 70: World: Historical and forecast industrial gas turbine orders, 2010-2030
  • Figure 71: World production of chlorine by region, 2020
  • Figure 72: End-use markets for cemented carbides, 2019
  • Figure 73: China: Main applications for cutting tools, 2018
  • Figure 74: China: Cemented carbide output vs. motor vehicle production, 2013-2020
  • Figure 75: Europe: Cemented carbide end-markets, 2018
  • Figure 76: USA: Cemented carbide end markets, 2018
  • Figure 77: USA: Oil and gas rig count, 2010-2021
  • Figure 78: Production of ultra-hard metals by end use, 2019
  • Figure 79: Japan: Hard tools production by type