Autonomous Delivery Vehicle Industry Report, 2020
自主運輸分為室內使用和室外使用。相應地，存在室內自動運輸車輛（也稱為 "室內運輸機器人" ）和室外車輛。
以前，在餐廳，酒店，辦公樓，醫院，網吧，KTV和購物商場都可以使用室內自動運輸機器人，但是對COVID-19的預防和控制在2020年大獲成功。它在 "非接觸式" 服務中得到了積極的推廣，這極大地受益於諸如室內自動運輸機器人之類的智能設備的快速部署和操作。例如，香港碧桂園機器人餐廳，海底撈，德莊，廈埠廈埠，大東等許多餐飲公司均使用自動運輸機器人來節省人工成本並改善食品安全，我們開始在我們的商店提供食品服務。
中國在開發室內運輸機器人方面處於世界領先地位。諸如Pudu Technology，Keenon Robotics，Excelland AI和YOGO之類的新興公司已經通過迭代技術開發和快速實施提供基本產品，並且正在積極地擴展到多個市場。 2019年，Pudu Technology的出貨量超過5,000個單位，Keenon Robotics的出貨量超過3,000個單位，其他中型公司的出貨量則超過了數百個單位。
由於不完善的政策法規，技術和情景構成限制，室外自動運輸車輛仍處於試驗階段。然而，到2020年，該行業將獲得動力，從 "單一車輛駕駛" 擴展到 "封閉場景/固定路線車隊運營" ，再到 "城市自動交通運營" 。
Autonomous delivery is bifurcated into indoor autonomous delivery and outdoor autonomous delivery. Correspondingly, there are indoor autonomous delivery vehicles (also known as "indoor delivery robots") and outdoor ones.
Up to date, indoor autonomous delivery robots have been available in restaurants, hotels, office buildings, hospitals, Internet cafes, KTVs, and shopping malls, and has got vigorously promoted amid "contactless" services for the prevention and control of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, being quite a boon for faster deployment and operation of intelligent equipment such as indoor autonomous delivery robot. For instance, many catering companies such as Country Garden Robot Restaurant, Haidilao, De Zhuang, Xiabu Xiabu, Dadong, Hong Kong Maxim's, etc. have begun to use autonomous delivery robots to serve dishes in their stores to save labor costs and improve the security of meals.
Comparatively, China stays ahead of foreign countries in the development of indoor delivery robots, where emerging players represented by Pudu Technology, Keenon Robotics, Excelland AI, YOGO, etc. have already offered basic products and been aggressively branching out into the multiple-scenario market alongside ceaseless iteration and speedy implementation of their technologies. In 2019, Pudu Technology shipped more than 5,000 units, Keenon Robotics 3,000 units, and other middle companies more than hundreds of units apiece.
Against the huge market demand for instant delivery and express delivery as well as the decline in labor force in China, major companies are enthusiastically deploying autonomous delivery vehicles. Besides start-ups like Neolix, IdriverPlus and White Rhino, e-commerce and logistics companies such as JD.com, Meituan, Cainiao, Suning and China Post are also sparing no efforts in developing outdoor autonomous delivery business. Autonomous delivery vehicles are produced in small quantities in China and have not taken on a sizable scale yet, as is revealed by the companies concerned.
Constrained by imperfect policies and regulations, technology and scenario configurations, outdoor autonomous delivery vehicles are still undergoing pilot operation. Yet the industry gains momentum in 2020, with operations broadening from "single vehicle pilot run" to "closed scenarios/fixed route fleet operation", and even to "city autonomous delivery operation".
Ecommerce logistics companies thus deploy outdoor autonomous delivery vehicles in three ways:
Meituan's autonomous delivery cars that came into service in Shunyi District of Beijing in early 2020, has been found in 15 communities of this district and surroundings and made delivery for a total of more than 10,000 orders for consecutive 270-plus days by the end of October, with support from the cooperative local government. These vehicles have become normal there. As concerns regulation, in September 2020, the People's Government of Shunyi District, Beijing practiced a new approach to regulate: publicize the testing route and scheme of Meituan autonomous cars, allow them to run in designated places and in specific times, and define the one who is liable for safety. In its next step, Meituan plans to pilot low speed autonomous delivery on a larger scale together with Shunyi District by deploying 1,000 autonomous delivery vehicles that will run all day long throughout the area in the upcoming three years.
At APSARA Conference 2020 in September 2019, Alibaba's first wheeled logistics robot called "Xiaomanlv" made a debut. Alibaba plans massive deployment of this vehicle in communities, schools and office parks. In October, Alibaba and Zijingang Campus of Zhejiang University built a fleet of 22 Xiaomanlv robots to deliver parcels from Cainiao logistics outlets to 27 dormitories. During the Singles' Day (2020.11.11) shopping festival, the fleet delivered 30,000 packages in all and saved 10,000 hours of pick-up time.
In October 2020, Jingdong Logistics (JDL) announced that it joined forces with Changshu City to construct the world's first autonomous delivery city. JDL already deploys 5 models of 30-plus autonomous delivery vehicles available to different delivery scenarios in the downtown Changshu, and plans to put into use nearly 100 units before the end of the year. Also, JD has an "autonomous vehicle adoption" plan, that is, JDL's couriers in the autonomous delivery area are allowed to apply for "adoption" of a set number of autonomous cars and act as the "commander" for the robot delivery task force, which means they can arrange the work for these members freely. A benign circle with links of technological innovation and service application thus takes shape to facilitate massive use of autonomous delivery vehicles and blaze a way for others to follow. JD also plans to bring at least 100,000 autonomous delivery robots into operation in the next five years.
In July 2018, Meituan announced to build an open autonomous delivery platform in an attempt to develop a complete autonomous delivery ecosystem in harness with governments, universities and companies. Meituan's open autonomous delivery platform has joined hands with Nvidia (a chip vendor), Autox (an automated driving technology developer), Idriverplus, Yunji Technology (a commercial service robot developer) and Segway, as well as Chery, Valeo and other automakers and suppliers, and provides software and hardware integrated solutions together with them. In the meantime, Meituan's partnerships with demanders using autonomous delivery vehicles in commercial scenarios, such as Joy City and China Fortune Land Development help to create a closed autonomous delivery ecosystem where demand and supply can benefit each other.