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表紙
市場調查報告書

中國電動汽車充電站及充電樁市場(2021年)

China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2021

出版商 ResearchInChina 商品編碼 1015690
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 340 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
中國電動汽車充電站及充電樁市場(2021年) China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2021
出版日期: 2021年06月24日內容資訊: 英文 340 Pages
簡介

到 2020 年底,全球有超過 1100 萬輛電動汽車在運行。儘管由於 COVID-19 的影響,全球汽車行業不景氣,但與 2000 年相比,全球註冊的電動汽車數量增加了 41%。根據 IEA(國際能源署)的數據,到 2025 年,全球電動汽車銷量預計將從 15 輛增長到 2000 萬輛。

在此背景下,各國政府都在急於規劃和建設充電樁。據IEA統計,2020年全球電動汽車充電基礎設施數量將達到950萬個,其中250萬個是公共的。而且,保守地說,全球電動汽車充電基礎設施預計將增長到 5000 萬左右,其中近 1000 萬是公共充電站。

本報告調查了中國電動汽車充電站和充電樁市場,提供行業概況、世界和中國發展情況、主要公司概況等信息。

目錄

第 1 章充電站/樁業概述

  • 電動汽車充電基礎設施
    • 定義與分類
    • 充電模式
    • 充電技術分類
    • 充電站配置
    • 充電站成本結構
    • 公共充電站配置
    • 充電樁產業鏈
    • 充電樁產業鏈上游——停產
    • 充電樁產業鏈中端——運營端(建設方和運營方)
  • 充電口和充電槍
    • 充電口定義
    • 充電口分類
    • 充電槍的分類

第 2 章中國基礎設施行業收費政策

  • 電動車
    • 購置稅減免
    • 購買的財政補貼(一)
    • 購買的財政補貼(二)
    • 購買的財政補貼(三)
    • 財政補貼使用
    • 促銷政策
  • 電動汽車充電站
    • 充電設施補貼(國家級)
    • 關於新能源汽車充電基礎設施激勵政策加強新能源汽車推廣應用的通知
    • 充電設備產業規劃(國家級)(一)
    • 充電設備產業規劃(國家級)(二)
    • 節能/新能源汽車技術路線圖2.0提出實現智能化與數位化相結合的充電設備智能製造
    • 節能與新能源汽車技術路線圖2.0-整個充電基礎設施的路線圖
    • 交通強國計劃
    • 中國充電設施補貼/計劃-(按城市)
  • 其他政策
    • 電動汽車充電的基本電費
    • 電動汽車充電服務費
    • 推進V2G協同創新示範

第 3 章世界和中國的電動汽車發展

  • 全球電動汽車市場
    • 擁有
    • 主要國家和地區的所有權
    • 主要國家和地區銷售增長對比
    • 主要國家/地區的電氣化目標
    • 主要國家和地區的輕型車政策及激勵措施
    • EV與動力電池預測
    • 主要國家/地區的銷售預測
    • 乘用車銷售
    • 乘用車銷量(按車型)
    • 歐洲乘用車銷量
    • 美國乘用車銷量
  • 中國電動汽車市場
    • 總銷量
    • 按燃料類型劃分的總銷量
    • 新能源乘用車銷量
    • 乘用車銷量等級
    • 乘用車銷售品牌
    • 乘用車銷售車型
    • 商用車產量
    • 巴士銷售
    • 特種車輛銷量
  • 中國電動汽車充電解決方案
    • BEV 充電解決方案
    • PHEV充電解決方案

第 4 章電動汽車充電設施的海外發展

  • 政策和功能
    • 發展規劃和特點
    • 財政補貼
    • 拜登政府的主要政策
  • 當前狀態和趨勢
    • 充電設備開發
    • 公共充電樁的所有權
    • 主要國家公共充電樁的擁有情況
    • 主要國家的車樁比
  • 充電口標準
    • 主要標準
    • 主要標準機構
    • 主要地區充電口特點
    • 交流充電端口
    • 直流充電端口
    • 組合充電口
    • 主要車型充電接口標準
  • 典型企業-Tesla
    • 個人資料
    • 操作
    • 研發生產能力
    • 電動汽車銷售
    • 電動汽車銷量預測
    • 供應商
    • 中國電池及電池材料供應商
    • 充電樁供應商在中國
    • 中國非核心零部件供應商
    • Tesla充電站全球分佈
    • Tesla充電站在中國的分佈
    • 超級充電樁
    • 家用充電樁
  • 典型組織-CHAdeMO Association
    • 個人資料
    • 憲法
    • 技術架構
    • 充電接口
    • 主要充電樁產品
    • 主要車型
    • V2X
    • V2X 演示項目
    • 充電站建設方案
  • 無線充電
    • 原理
    • 標準
    • 開發
    • 最新進展
    • 技術路線
    • 現狀(一)
    • 維持現狀(二)
    • 維持現狀(三)
    • 解決方案:Qualcomm Halo
    • 技術參數
    • 主要無線炭化技術
  • G2V/V2G/V2H
    • 技術原理
    • V2X充放電技術
    • V2G 技術
    • V2G技術框架
    • 車網調整導致充電失敗的能量損失和峰值負荷變化
    • V2G大規模商用
  • BaaS + 電池交換網絡模式
    • BaaS + 換電網絡開發環境
    • 電池更換模式促銷
    • 電池更換業務模式
    • 電池更換技術與直流快充技術對比
    • 換電模式與中國充電模式並存,駕駛車輛的應用場景
  • 靈活的充電棧
    • 技術
    • 優勢
  • 全球充電技術現狀及趨勢
  • 中國充電技術現狀及趨勢

第 5 章中國充電站/樁的發展

  • 新能源汽車保有量佔汽車/樁的比例
    • 中國擁有汽車/樁的比例
    • 中國新能源汽車保有量和充電驅動需求
  • 公共充電樁運營
    • 開發課程
    • 分佈
  • 充電設施的分佈和規劃(按州)
    • 東北/華北/華東
    • 中南地區
    • 中國西南/西北
  • 公路充電站
    • 配置標準
    • 充電模式
    • 計費費用
    • 發展規劃
    • 國網標號
    • 國家電網招標功率及中標人
  • 中國充電設施競爭格局
    • 充電服務市場競爭顯著增加的潛力
    • 主要充電器競爭格局
  • 中國充電設施盈利模式
    • 運營價值鏈
    • 商業模式(一)
    • 商業模式(二)
    • 實現大公司盈虧平衡點,開始精細化運營
    • 創新商業模式的出現
    • 互聯網+充電樁
    • 單一賭注平衡表的收支平衡點
  • 中國充電設備發展趨勢
    • 主要問題
    • 建議
    • 充電網絡,電動汽車充電技術的一個有吸引力的趨勢

第 6 章中國主要充電器

  • TELD
    • 個人資料
    • 發展籌資
    • 充電網絡解決方案(一)
    • 充電網絡解決方案(二)
    • 充電網絡解決方案(三)
    • 充電裝置
    • 智能靈活的充電弓
    • 新型大功率充電裝置 (1)
    • 新型大功率充電裝置 (2)
    • 基於大數據的電動汽車充電系統安全評價
    • 2020年充電項目
    • 充電設備使用情況和充電容量
    • 充電業務運營模式
    • 收費業務範圍
    • 充電業務合作夥伴
  • Star Charge
    • 個人資料
    • 發展歷程和資金
    • 充電業務運營
    • 充電解決方案
    • 直流一體式充電器
    • 直流分體式充電器
    • 交流產品線
    • 海外充電設施產品線
    • 控製件產品線
    • 應用案例
    • 充電業務合作夥伴
  • State Grid
    • 充電設施建設方案
    • 充電設施建設
    • 高速公路收費網
    • 充電設施運營
    • 充電設施投標
  • Ykccn.com
    • 個人資料
    • 充電設施運營
    • 充電設施分佈
  • EV Power
    • 個人資料
    • 充電裝置
    • 交流充電裝置
    • 直流充電裝置
    • 增值服務
    • CloudEdge 社區充電一體化充電樁運營解決方案(EMQ+EV Power)
    • 充電設施分佈
    • 充電設施運營
    • 充電業務合作
  • SAIC Anyo Charging
    • 個人資料
    • 充電裝置
    • 運營平台
    • 充電設備應用
    • 充電業務合作
  • Shenzhen CLOU Electronics
    • 個人資料
    • 收入和毛利
    • 主營業務
    • 充電平台
    • 充電方案(一)
    • 充電方案(二)
    • 充電設施運營
    • 充電裝置
    • 交流充電裝置 (1)
    • 交流充電裝置 (2)
    • 直流充電裝置 (1)
    • 直流充電裝置 (2)
    • 充電設施分佈
    • 充電業務合作
  • Potevio New Energy
    • 個人資料
    • 收費業務範圍
    • 充電運營服務
    • 充電服務操作示例(一)
    • 充電智能雲管理平台
    • 充電商業模式
    • 充電設施的運營和分佈
    • 充電業務合作
  • ICHARGE
    • 個人資料
    • 交流充電裝置
    • 直流充電裝置
    • 直流充電器參數
    • 雲平台收費
    • 充電業務運營示例
    • 充電設施運營
    • 充電業務合作
  • Winsky New Energy
    • 個人資料
    • 充電解決方案
    • 充電設施運營
    • 充電設備操作示例
    • 充電業務合作
  • Huashang Sanyou
    • 個人資料
    • 充電裝置
    • 充電業務運營
  • 中國12家主要充電公司的商業模式和充電標準

第 7 章主要汽車廠商充電設施佈局

  • Wuling
  • NIO
  • Xpeng
  • Tesla
  • Changan Automobile
  • BYD
  • BAIC BJEV
  • Geely
  • SAIC
  • Volkswagen
  • 其他 OEM
  • 充電樁建設主要OEM
目錄

Charging Infrastructure Research: Three Modes for Self-Building and Operation of OEM's Charging Piles

Global charging pile ownership surged, while high-power fast charging network leads the growth

As of the end of 2020, there are over 11 million units of EVs on the road worldwide. Although global automotive industry suffered downturn under the impact of the COVID-19, global EV registration grew by 41% in 2000. According to IEA (International Energy Agency) data, global EV sales volume is expected to be 15 million units to 20 million units by 2025.

Under this background, government of each county fastens planning and construction of charging piles. Based on IEA's statistics, number of EV charging infrastructures worldwide in 2020 amounted to 9.5 million units, including 2.5 million units public ones. Conservatively forecast, global EV charging infrastructures will increase to around 50 million units, including nearly 10 million units of public one.

Currently, China's charging pile ownership ranks first in the world. As of the end of 2020, China's new energy vehicle ownership reached 4.92 million units, and number of charging piles amounted to 1.68 million units. Among them, number of private and commercial charging piles (including public and special) hit 874,700 units and 806,000 units, respectively, while car-to-pile ratio was 0.34 to 1.

It is estimated that China's new energy vehicle ownership will amount to 17.82 million units by 2025 and number of charging piles will approximate 9.39 million units. Among them, number of private and commercial charging piles (including public and special) will hit 6.18 million units and 3.21 million units, while car-to-pile ratio will be 0.53 to 1.

At present, China's highway fast charging network has basically taken shape, ranking first in the world. By 2020, a total of 2,251 charging stations and 9,065 charging piles have been built on 42 highways, with a service mileage of 54,000 kilometers, accounting for 35% of the total mileage of highways nationwide. According to the summary of bidding information for highway charging equipment of the State Grid over the years, highway charging piles are mainly 80 KW to 160 KW, and 240/480 KW super-power super-charging piles have been laid.

Medium and high-end intelligent EV brands vigorously layout charging network construction

Added value of intelligent EV brands has increased significantly, bringing about consumption upgrading in the automobile industry. Apart from intelligence and quality of the vehicles, charging quality improvement is also important. An article (Can the Battery Swap Mode that NIO and BAIC BJEV Both Bet on Overturn the industrial ecology?) released by ResearchInChina in August 2018 clearly pointed out that NIO builds a closed business scenario via battery swap mode to greatly enhance its brand value and service level, which is a very clever business strategy.

Many OEMs have also realized the importance of closed (or semi-closed) charging network. Medium and high-end start-up brands such as Tesla, NIO, Xpeng, Lixiang and other, as well as high-end EV brands of traditional OEMs, such as Geely ZEEKR, GAC Aion, BAIC ARCFOX, SAIC R, VW ID, etc., have begun or planned to layout in super charging station sector.

According to our analysis, OEMs currently mainly adopts three charging network construction and operation modes:

Mode 1: Fully self-built and self-operated "closed supercharging" system

This mode demands high costs and very high market ownership to maintain operation, represented by Tesla. In China, Tesla has laid a large number of charging piles. Although it has successively switched to the national standard interface, in fact Tesla's charging network is rarely open to the public, being a very closed charging network. Tesla has always claimed that it will allow to open super-charging piles to its peers, but we believe that the possibility of opening up in the short term is very small.

Tesla has built over 800 super charging stations and 6,300 super charging piles in China, supporting more than 710 destination charging stations, with charging network covering more than 290 cities. In 2021, its super charging pile factory in Shanghai was put into operation, with an initial planned annual production capacity of 10,000 units, mainly V3 super charging piles.

With extensive laying of Tesla's closed charging network, Tesla has actually formed a strong consumer barrier in China. Even if it faces many doubts in the short term, it will still occupy an important position in China in the long run. Its closed charging network has become one of the key factors for enterprises to achieve successful operation.

Mode 2: Fully self-built and self-operated "closed battery swap + open supercharging" system

Apart from supercharging station, battery swap station is also the main way for the charging layout of OEMs. NIO regards battery swap business as one of its core business models. It introduced car-electricity separation mode and led the establishment of Wuhan Weineng Battery Asset Co., Ltd. to be responsible for the management and operation of batteries.

In April 2021, NIO worked with State Grid to deploy the 2nd Gen of battery swap stations nationwide. Its brand-new battery swap technology supports the function of in-car one-button battery swap, eliminating the need of getting off the bus. Up to 312 battery swap services are provided every day, effectively improving battery swap efficiency.

As of June 2021, NIO has laid out 249 battery swap stations and 177 super-charging stations nationwide, including 1,408 super-charging piles. NIO partnered with State Grid to release the 2nd Gen battery swap station, planning to layout 500 units of battery swap stations nationwide. With the gradual improvement of NIO's car charging and battery swap network, we predict that NIO may properly lower the brand pricing to occupy the market of RMB 250,000 to RMB 350,000 range.

Mode 3: Cooperative "Open supercharge" system + partial self-built and self-operated "closed supercharge" system

Differed from the relatively closed charging network construction and operation modes of NIO and Tesla, Xpeng mainly cooperates with third-party operators such as TELD to build free supercharging network, greatly reducing network laying and operation costs.

In addition, Xpeng has also started the construction of its own-brand exclusive charging stations similar to those of Tesla and NIO so as to further upgrade charging brand service. By the end of 2021, Xpeng will plan to build over 500 units of branded super-charging stations. We expect that Xpeng will raise the price of its pure electric SUV to be released, and the closed charging network will be the key breakthrough point for enhancing its brand value.

So far, Xpeng's overall charging network layout has reached 164 cities, 1140 units of free charging stations and 19,019 free charging piles (some of which are self-built by Xpeng), expected to cover over 200 major cities nationwide by the end of 2021. Xpeng sales have surged since the release of its Lifetime Free Charging Plan (3,000 KWh per year) in Sept.2020.

In addition, VW (China), FAW, JAC and Wanbang New Energy jointly established CAMS Kemeth, a charging operator, which adopts an operation mode similar to that of Xpeng, namely, a combination of open + partially closed (ground lock).

For other OEMs, we think that they are more likely to adopt mode 3. But each selects varied strategies and laying ideas. For instance, the newly released Geely ZEEKR is the first 800V platform model in China, supporting rapid charging at 360kW. It can drive 120km after just 5 minutes of charging. According to the plan, ZEEKR will complete the construction of 290 charging stations and 2,800 charging piles by 2021, and build 2,200 charging stations and 20,000 charging piles by the end of 2023. So far, ZEEKR's fast charging network has not been officially unveiled.

In the future, with the promotion of 800V high-voltage fast charging architecture technology, it is a trend for both foreign-funded enterprises and independent brands to conduct product layout in high-voltage platform, and he self-built self-operated charging network of high-end intelligent EV brands will be accelerated.

Table of Contents

1. Overview of Charging Station/Pile Industry

  • 1.1 EV Charging Infrastructure
    • 1.1.1 Definition and Classification
    • 1.1.2 Charging Modes
    • 1.1.3 Classification of Charging Technology
    • 1.1.4 Composition of Charging Stations
    • 1.1.5 Cost Structure of Charging Stations
    • 1.1.6 Configuration of Public Charging Stations
    • 1.1.7 Industry Chain of Charging Piles
    • 1.1.8 Upstream of Charging Pile Industry Chain - Manufacturing End
    • 1.1.9 Midstream of Charging Pile Industry Chain - Operation End (Constructor and Operator)
  • 1.2 Charging Port and Charging Gun
    • 1.2.1 Definition of Charging Port
    • 1.2.2 Classification of Charging Port
    • 1.2.3 Classification of Charging Gun

2 Policies on Charging Infrastructure Industry in China

  • 2.1 Electric Vehicle
    • 2.1.1 Purchase Tax Cuts
    • 2.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (I)
    • 2.1.3 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (II)
    • 2.1.4 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (III)
    • 2.1.5 Fiscal Subsidies for Use
    • 2.1.6 Policies on Promotion
  • 2.2 EV Charging Station
    • 2.2.1 Subsidies for Charging Facilities (Nation level)
    • 2.2.2 Notification on the Incentive Policy of Charging Infrastructures for New Energy Vehicles and the Enhancement of the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles
    • 2.2.3 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (Nation level) (I)
    • 2.2.4 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (Nation level) (II)
    • 2.2.5 Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0 Propose to Realize Intelligent Manufacturing of Charging Facility by Combining Intelligence and Digitalization
    • 2.2.6 Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0-Charging Infrastructure Overall Roadmap
    • 2.2.7 Program of Building National Strength in Transportation
    • 2.2.8 Subsidies/Planning for Charging Facilities in China- (by City)
  • 2.3 Other Policies
    • 2.3.1 Basic Electricity Price for EV Charging
    • 2.3.2 Service Charge for EV Charging
    • 2.3.3 Promotion of V2G Coordinative Innovation and Demo

3 Development of EV around the World and in China

  • 3.1 Global EV Market
    • 3.1.1 Ownership
    • 3.1.2 Ownership in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.3 Comparison of Sales Growth in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.4 Electrification Target in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.5 Policies and Incentives of Light Vehicles in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.6 Forecast on EV and Power Battery
    • 3.1.7 Sales Forecast in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.8 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles
    • 3.1.9 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles (by Model)
    • 3.1.10 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles in Europe
    • 3.1.11 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles in the United States
  • 3.2 Chinese EV Market
    • 3.2.1 Overall Sales Volume
    • 3.2.2 Overall Sales Volume-by Fuel Type
    • 3.2.3 Sales Volume of New Energy Passenger Car
    • 3.2.4 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Level
    • 3.2.5 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Brand
    • 3.2.6 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Model
    • 3.2.7 Output of Commercial Vehicles
    • 3.2.8 Sales Volume of Buses
    • 3.2.9 Sales Volume of Special Vehicles
  • 3.3 EV Charging Solutions in China
    • 3.3.1 Charging Solutions for BEV
    • 3.3.2 Charging Solutions for PHEV

4 Development of EV Charging Facilities in Foreign Countries

  • 4.1 Policies and Characteristics
    • 4.1.1 Development Plans and Characteristics
    • 4.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies
    • 4.1.3 Major Policies of Biden Government
  • 4.2 Status Quo and Trend
    • 4.2.1 Development of Charging Facilities
    • 4.2.2 Ownership of Public Charging Piles
    • 4.2.3 Ownership of Public Charging Piles in Major Countries
    • 4.2.4 Car-to-Pile Ratio in Major Countries
  • 4.3 Charging Port Standard
    • 4.3.1 Major Standards
    • 4.3.2 Major Standards Developing Organizations
    • 4.3.3 Charging Port Characteristics of Major Regions
    • 4.3.4 AC Charging Port
    • 4.3.5 DC Charging Port
    • 4.3.6 Combined Charging Port
    • 4.3.7 Charging Port Standards for Main Auto Models
  • 4.4 Typical Company-Tesla
    • 4.4.1 Profile
    • 4.4.2 Operation
    • 4.4.3 R&D and Capacity
    • 4.4.4 EV Sales
    • 4.4.5 EV Sales Forecast
    • 4.4.6 Suppliers
    • 4.4.7 Battery and Battery Material Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.8 Charging Pile Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.9 Non-Core Parts Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.10 Distribution of Tesla's Charging Stations Worldwide
    • 4.4.11 Distribution of Tesla's Charging Stations in China
    • 4.4.12 Super Charging Piles
    • 4.4.13 Household Charging Piles
  • 4.5 Typical Organization- CHAdeMO Association
    • 4.5.1 Profile
    • 4.5.2 Constitution
    • 4.5.3 Technical Structure
    • 4.5.4 Charging Interface
    • 4.5.5 Main Charging Pile Product
    • 4.5.6 Main Auto Models
    • 4.5.7 V2X
    • 4.5.8 V2X Demo Project
    • 4.5.9 Construction Plan of Charging Station
  • 4.6 Wireless Charging
    • 4.6.1 Principle
    • 4.6.2 Standards
    • 4.6.3 Development
    • 4.6.4 Latest Progress
    • 4.6.5 Technical Route
    • 4.6.6 Status Quo (I)
    • 4.6.7 Status Quo (II)
    • 4.6.8 Status Quo (III)
    • 4.6.9 Solution: Qualcomm Halo
    • 4.6.10 Technical Parameters
    • 4.6.11 Main Wireless Charing Technologies
  • 4.7 G2V/V2G/V2H
    • 4.7.1 Technical principle
    • 4.7.2 V2X Charging and Discharging Technology
    • 4.7.3 V2G Technology
    • 4.7.4 V2G Technical Framework
    • 4.7.5 Vehicle Network Coordination Change the Energy Loss and Peak Load of Disordered Charging
    • 4.7.6 Large Scale Commercialization of V2G Still Needs Time
  • 4.8 BaaS + Battery Swap Network Mode
    • 4.8.1 Development Environment of BaaS + Battery Swap Network
    • 4.8.2 Promotion Value of Battery Swap Mode
    • 4.8.3 Business Mode of Battery Swap
    • 4.8.4 Comparison of Battery Swap Technology and DC Fast Charging Technology
    • 4.8.5 Battery Swap Mode Will Coexist with Charging Mode in China, and the Application Scenario of Operating Vehicles Is Promising
  • 4.9 Flexible Charging Stack
    • 4.9.1 Technology
    • 4.9.2 Advantage
  • 4.10 Status Quo and Trend of Global Charging Technology
  • 4.11 Status Quo and Trend of Chinese Charging Technology

5. Development of Charging Station/Pile in China

  • 5.1 Ownership and Car-to-Pile Ratio of New Energy Vehicles
    • 5.1.1 Ownership and Car-to-Pile Ratio in China
    • 5.1.2 Ownership and Charging Operation Demand of New Energy Vehicles in China
  • 5.2 Operation of Public Charging Pile
    • 5.2.1 Development Course
    • 5.2.2 Distribution
  • 5.3 Distribution and Plan of Charging Facilities (by Province)
    • 5.3.1 Northeast/North China/East China
    • 5.3.2 Central/South China
    • 5.3.3 Southwest/Northwest China
  • 5.4 Highway Charging Stations
    • 5.4.1 Configuration Standard
    • 5.4.2 Charging Mode
    • 5.4.3 Charging Fee
    • 5.4.4 Development Plan
    • 5.4.5 Bidding Number of the State Grid
    • 5.4.6 Bidding Power and Bid-Winning Enterprises of the State Grid
  • 5.5 Competition Pattern of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.5.1 Charging Service Market Competition May Increase Significantly
    • 5.5.2 Competition Pattern of Major Charging Operators
  • 5.6 Profit Model of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.6.1 Operational Value Chain
    • 5.6.2 Business Mode (I)
    • 5.6.3 Business Mode (II)
    • 5.6.4 Head players Have Realized the Break-Even and Started Refined Operations
    • 5.6.5 Innovative Business Models Will Emerge in Succession
    • 5.6.6 Internet + Charging Pile
    • 5.6.7 Single Pile Break-Even Table of Charging Pile
  • 5.7 Development Trend of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.7.1 Main Problems
    • 5.7.2 Suggestions
    • 5.7.3 Charging Network Being an Irresistible Trend for EV Charging Technology

6. Major Charging Operators in China

  • 6.1 TELD
    • 6.1.1 Profile
    • 6.1.2 Financing for Development
    • 6.1.3 Charging Network Solution (1)
    • 6.1.4 Charging Network Solution (2)
    • 6.1.5 Charging Network Solution (3)
    • 6.1.6 Charging Equipment
    • 6.1.7 Intelligent Flexible Charging Bow
    • 6.1.8 Novel High-power Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.1.9 Novel High-power Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.1.10 Safety Assessment of Electric Vehicle Charging System Based on Big Data
    • 6.1.11 Charging Projects in 2020
    • 6.1.12 Charging Equipment Utilization Rate and Charging Capacity
    • 6.1.13 Charging Business Operation Mode
    • 6.1.14 Charging Business Scope
    • 6.1.15 Partners in Charging Business
  • 6.2 Star Charge
    • 6.2.1 Profile
    • 6.2.2 Development History and Financing
    • 6.2.3 Charging Business Operation
    • 6.2.4 Charging Solution
    • 6.2.5 DC Integrated Charger
    • 6.2.6 DC Split Charger
    • 6.2.7 AC Product Line
    • 6.2.8 Product Line for Charging Facilities abroad
    • 6.2.9 Product Line for Control Parts
    • 6.2.10 Application Cases
    • 6.2.11 Partners in Charging Business
  • 6.3 State Grid
    • 6.3.1 Charging Facility Construction Planning
    • 6.3.2 Charging Facility Construction
    • 6.3.3 Highway Charging Network
    • 6.3.4 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.3.5 Charging Facility Tender
  • 6.4 Ykccn.com
    • 6.4.1 Profile
    • 6.4.2 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.4.3 Charging Facility Distribution
  • 6.5 EV Power
    • 6.5.1 Profile
    • 6.5.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.3 AC Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.4 DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.5 Value-added Services
    • 6.5.6 Cloud Edge Integrated Charging Pile Operation Solution (EMQ +EV Power) for Charging in the Community
    • 6.5.7 Charging Facility Distribution
    • 6.5.8 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.5.9 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.6 SAIC Anyo Charging
    • 6.6.1 Profile
    • 6.6.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.6.3 Operation Platform
    • 6.6.4 Charging Facility Application
    • 6.6.5 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.7 Shenzhen CLOU Electronics (www.carenergynet.cn)
    • 6.7.1 Profile
    • 6.7.2 Revenue and Gross Margin
    • 6.7.3 Main Business
    • 6.7.4 Charging Platform
    • 6.7.5 Charging Solution (1)
    • 6.7.6 Charging Solution (2)
    • 6.7.7 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.7.8 Charging Equipment
    • 6.7.9 AC Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.7.10 AC Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.7.11 DC Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.7.12 DC Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.7.13 Charging Facility Distribution
    • 6.7.14 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.8 Potevio New Energy
    • 6.8.1 Profile
    • 6.8.2 Charging Business Scope
    • 6.8.3 Charging Operation Services
    • 6.8.4 Charging Services Operation Case (1)
    • 6.8.6 Charging Intelligent Cloud Management Platform
    • 6.8.7 Charging Business Model
    • 6.8.8 Charging Facility Operation and Distribution
    • 6.8.9 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.9 ICHARGE
    • 6.9.1 Profile
    • 6.9.2 AC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.3 DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.4 Parameters of DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.5 Charging Cloud Platform
    • 6.9.6 Charging Business Operation Case
    • 6.9.7 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.9.8 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.10 Winsky New Energy
    • 6.10.1 Profile
    • 6.10.2 Charging Solution
    • 6.10.3 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.10.4 Charging Facility Operation Case
    • 6.10.5 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.11 Huashang Sanyou
    • 6.11.1 Profile
    • 6.11.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.11.3 Charging Business Operation
  • 6.12 Business Models and Charging Standards of 12 Major Charging Operators in China

7. Charging Facility Layout of Major Automakers

  • 7.1 Wuling
    • 7.1.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.1.2 Charging Facility -Liuzhou Model
    • 7.1.3 Charging Mode Analysis
    • 7.1.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.2 NIO
    • 7.2.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.2.2 Swap Station
    • 7.2.3 Charging Vehicles
    • 7.2.4 Super Charging Station
    • 7.2.5 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.3 Xpeng
    • 7.3.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.3.2 Super Charging Station
    • 7.3.3 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
    • 7.3.4 Usage Process of Charging Facilities
  • 7.4 Tesla
    • 7.4.1 Construction of Super Charging Station
    • 7.4.2 Mobile Charging and Automatic Charging Services
  • 7.5 Changan Automobile
    • 7.5.1 New Energy Household Charging Pile Construction
    • 7.5.2 Construction of New Energy Swap Station
    • 7.5.3 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.6 BYD
    • 7.6.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.6.2 Private Charging Services
    • 7.6.3 Public Charging Services
    • 7.6.4 Mobile Charging Services
    • 7.6.5 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.7 BAIC BJEV
    • 7.7.1 Construction of Swap Station
    • 7.7.2 Construction of ARCFOX Super Charging Station
    • 7.7.3 Private Charging Services
    • 7.7.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.8 Geely
    • 7.8.1 Construction of Swap Station
    • 7.8.2 ZEEKR Super Charging Station
    • 7.8.3 Automatic Charging Services
    • 7.8.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.9 SAIC
    • 7.9.1 Construction of Super Charging Station
    • 7.9.2 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.10 Volkswagen
    • 7.10.1 Global Charging Facility Strategy
    • 7.10.2 Cooperation in Charging Facilities in China
  • 7.11 Other OEMs
    • 7.11.1 Super Charging Station of GAC Aion
    • 7.11.2 Mobile Charging Robot of Aiways Auto
    • 7.11.3 BMW's Cooperative Charging Facilities
  • 7.12 Charging Pile Construction of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.1 Charging Pile Layout of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.2 Super Charging Station Construction of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.3 Swap Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.4 Mobile Charging Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.5 Automatic Charging Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.6 Cost Comparison of Household Basic Charging Facilities of Major Automakers
    • 7.12.7 Installation Comparison of Household Basic Charging Facilities of Major Automakers