Autonomous Driving Simulation Industry Chain Report, 2020-2021 (II)
|出版日期||內容資訊||英文 203 Pages
|自動駕駛仿真產業鏈：2020-2021（二） Autonomous Driving Simulation Industry Chain Report, 2020-2021 (II)|
|出版日期: 2021年05月14日||內容資訊: 英文 203 Pages||
In addition to simulation closed-loop platform and vehicle dynamics simulation mentioned in the Autonomous Driving Simulation Industry Chain Report, 2020-2021 (I), autonomous driving simulation also involves traffic flow simulation, scenario simulation and sensor simulation modules. The Autonomous Driving Simulation Industry Chain Report, 2020-2021 (II) sorts through companies in these areas.
Acquisitions (or mergers and acquisitions) are, beyond doubt, a shortcut for companies to better technology layout. Autonomous driving simulation is no exception. Ansys' acquisition of the optical simulation software provider OPTIS and Siemens' purchase of TASS have been milestones in their development histories of autonomous driving simulation technology.
The more mature the autonomous driving simulation industry becomes, the higher barriers the industry poses. Technology and capital walls put up by simulation giants have been a big hindrance to the growth of start-ups. Players that just specialize in their own field may end up with being acquired or introducing external support. They cannot escape from tycoons at last.
Acquiring these specialized leaders has been an easy way for giants to perfect their layout
RoadRunner owned by VectorZero is a scene editor. It can create environments and roads, generate complex road networks composed of roundabouts, intersections and bridges, and custom traffic signs and markings.
MathWorks just settles on RoadRunner's 3D scene capabilities.
In April 2020, the integrated simulation platform MathWorks acquired VectorZero, and brought RoadRunner tools for designing 3D scenes for automated driving simulation, into its MATLAB/Simulink product system.
In May 2020, MATLAB R2020a Version added RoadRunner tools to Automated Driving Toolbox.
In July 2018, Spectris plc acquired VI-grade, a vehicle dynamics and driving simulator player, for a foray into the vehicle testing and simulation field.
In February 2019, Spectris plc bought RightHook, a sensor simulation firm, and then merged it into VI-grade.
VI-CarRealTime, VI-grade's vehicle dynamics model, provides a set of dynamics simulation services such as hardware/software in the loop.
In November 2020, VI-grade introduced VI-WorldSim that provides urban and public road test environments for ADAS and autonomous vehicles. VI-WorldSim features include traffic, pedestrians, lighting, weather, and sensors to enable users to create and test scenarios for vehicle development programs through an intuitive and easy-to-use desktop editor.
Noticeably, for this product, RightHook provides integrated visual environment for driving simulators, which means the two companies have merged in terms of operation and products.
Applied Intuition was founded by Qasar Younis and Peter Ludwig (former workers of Google) in 2017. The company recorded roughly USD26 million in revenue in 2020. The edge of Applied Intuition lies in the ability to use real/synthesized data to build complex scene interactions in a short time and generate thousands of permutations to cover edge scenarios. Meanwhile, in the simulation process, the dashboard of the virtual vehicle can display "the impact of virtual intersections and obstacles on vehicle acceleration and passenger comfort", and other information.
On October 22, 2020, Applied Intuition raised USD125 million in a Series C funding round led by Lux Capital, Andreessen Horowitz, and General Catalyst, which took its market capitalization to USD1.25 billion.
Parallel Domain was founded by Kevin McNamara (with a background in Apple autonomous driving technology) in 2017. Parallel Domain can synthesize a variety of scenes (e.g., day, night, fog, rain and city) for sensors (including LiDAR and camera), and also can embed complex elements (e.g., traffic lights, vehicles, pedestrians and animals) in scenes. Its simulation platform provides abundant metadata for users to test various new sensors and technical configurations.
In October 2020, Parallel Domain raised USD11 million in a Series A funding round led by Foundry Group and co-invested by Calibrate Ventures, Costanoa Ventures, Ubiquity Ventures and Toyota AI Ventures.
Combining artificial intelligence, deep learning and computer vision, Cognata reproduces cities on its 3D simulation platform, providing customers with a range of test scenarios that simulate real-world test driving. In 2020, Cognata increased several partners, gathering pace in product application and variety.
According to the 2020 Blue Paper on Autonomous Driving Simulation of China, the current distribution of autonomous driving algorithm tests is as follows: around 90% tests are completed on simulation platforms, 9% in test fields and 1% on public roads. As simulation technology advances and becomes widespread, the industry aims at 99.9% tests carried out on simulation platforms, 0.09% in closed scenarios and 0.01% on real roads. In the second half of autonomous driving, the commercial use will bring soaring demand for testing, which may catalyze a new round of shuffle in the simulation industry.