表紙
市場調查報告書

無線通信的室內覆蓋和對像定位:技術和市場

Indoor Wireless Coverage and Objects Localization: Technologies and Markets

出版商 PracTel, Inc. 商品編碼 962460
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
無線通信的室內覆蓋和對像定位:技術和市場 Indoor Wireless Coverage and Objects Localization: Technologies and Markets
出版日期: 2020年09月25日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

公共安全機構,商業無線服務提供商和無線通信用戶越來越需要可靠的室內通信。另一方面,在室內無線通信環境中,不能使用基於普通,TETRA,P25和LTE的常規公共安全通信(PSC)網絡。建築材料會衰減信號,從而降低通信的可靠性。由於建築物內部的衛星信號較弱,因此GPS定位技術也不適用。因此,有必要開發一種用於在室內擴展室外通信信道的特殊方法。

本報告分析了室內和無線通信的覆蓋範圍(擴展覆蓋範圍)和對像定位(定位)市場,以及與室內無線通信有關的問題,尤其是緊急響應通信所需的條件。 -我們將為您提供有關主要技術(小型蜂窩,DAS等)的發展和普及趨勢,特定示例,相關行業的發展以及主要技術標準的信息。

目錄

第1章簡介

  • 需求
  • 相關法律法規
  • 信號衰減
  • 要求:透明性
  • 集成式室內無線通信
    • 定位(本地化)服務
    • 解決方案
  • 公共安全溝通的細節
  • 範圍和目標
  • 分析方法
  • 目標受眾

第2章PSC頻譜

  • 美國
    • FCC:概述
    • 800MHz頻段
    • 700MHz頻段
  • 歐盟
  • 世界

第3章特殊考慮

  • 要求:室內通信的第一響應者
    • 概述
  • 選擇
    • 特徵
  • 室內通信規格
    • 覆蓋範圍擴展

第4章發展趨勢

  • 小細胞發展
    • 合理原因
    • 命名標準
    • 背景情況
    • 使用
    • 優點和缺點
    • 小型電池市場
    • 標準化
    • 小型電池行業
      • Airspan
      • AirHop Communications
      • Alpha Networks
      • Argela
      • Broadcom (Avago於2015年收購)
      • BTI Wireless
      • CommScope
      • Contela
      • Ericsson
      • Fujitsu
      • Huawei
      • ip.access
      • Intel
      • Gilat
      • Juni
      • NEC
      • Nokia
      • Qualcomm
      • Radisys
      • Samsung
      • Spider Cloud (Corning)
      • Tektelic
      • TI
      • Xilinx
      • ZTE
  • 分佈式天線系統(DAS)
    • 概述
    • 定義
    • 使用情況
    • DAS的優勢
    • 論壇
    • DAS公共安全通信規範
    • 市場
    • 行業
      • Boingo
      • Cobham
      • Comba
      • CommScope
      • Corning
      • Crown Castle
      • Dali Wireless
      • Ethertronics
      • Nextivity
      • Radio Frequency Systems
      • Shyam Telecom
      • SoliD
      • Westell
      • Zinwave
  • 輸出增強:FirstNet案例研究

第5章建築物的無線覆蓋範圍:市場估計

第6章建築物中的定位(位置測量)

  • 標準化活動
  • 調查
  • 行業
    • Apple
    • Broadcom
    • Camero
    • decaWave
    • Forkbeard
    • Google
    • indoo.rs
    • IndoorAtlas
    • iPosi
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NextNav
    • NIST
    • Pointer
    • Qualcomm
    • Q-Track
    • Skyhook Wireless
    • Wifarer
  • 市場估計

第7章FirstNet和室內覆蓋範圍

  • 透明度
  • 合同狀態
  • 差異
  • 當局
  • 活動

第8章比較

  • DAS
  • C-RAN小型基站
  • 小細胞問題

第9章結論

附件一:室內專利檢索(2017-2020年)

附件II:代碼

目錄

The report addresses specifics of wireless communications and localization technologies that support first responders and other users' activities inside of enclosures such as buildings, tunnels and similar structures. It also addresses related industries, applicable standards and markets.

Increasingly, public safety entities, commercial wireless service providers, and wireless users require reliable indoor communications. For public safety, reliable coverage is often essential throughout a broad jurisdiction, including coverage on-street, in-building, and in-tunnel. In such cases, there is no substitute for a properly designed dedicated mission-critical communications system with sufficient transmit sites to provide the level of signal required for reliable coverage anywhere within the jurisdiction, whether on-street or indoors.

Indoor wireless communications environments usually do not allow using traditional PSC networking based on TETRA, P25 or LTE. Building materials attenuate signals and this makes communications unreliable. Localization based on GPS techniques is becoming also questionable due to weak satellite signals inside of a construction.

All these factors make it necessary to develop special methods to extend outdoor communications channels inside of enclosures. Two such methods are analyzed in this report; and they are based on utilization:

  • Small Cells
  • DAS - Distributed Antenna Systems.

Small Cells base stations are small in size, lightweight and designed to serve up to several tens of users. They may be conveniently spread throughout a building, covering each corridor, hall, corners and so on. The technology relatively recently became commercialized and brought multiple benefits to users.

DAS is used for in-building signals distributions for at least twenty years. The report concentrates on advances in this technology, its specifics and issues.

Standard organizations activities, the in-depth market analysis and survey of the industry are also included in this report.

There are multiple methods suggested for in-building localization of first responders as well as other people or objects in the operational area. They are based on utilization of sensors, RF signatures in a building, amplification of GPS signals and other. The report concentrates on commercialized methods, and provides details of their advantages and issues. The report also addresses marketing aspects of in-building localization; and surveys patents related to indoor localization.

Specifics of indoors communications for the FirstNet - the first national PSC network - are detailed.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development of reliable PSC and localization inside buildings and other enclosures.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Need
  • 1.2 Legislation
  • 1.3 Signal Attenuation
  • 1.4 Requirements -Transparency
  • 1.5 Unified In-Building Wireless
    • 1.5.1 Localization Services
    • 1.5.2 Solutions
  • 1.6 Public Safety Communications Specifics
  • 1.7 Scope and Goals
  • 1.8 Research Methodology
  • 1.9 Target Audience

2.0 PSC Spectrum

  • 2.1 U.S.
    • 2.1.1 FCC - General
    • 2.1.2 800 MHz Band
      • 2.1.2.1 Latest Rulings: FCC
    • 2.1.3 700 MHz Band
      • 2.1.3.1 700 MHz Nationwide Network - FirstNet
  • 2.2 EU
  • 2.3 Global

3.0 Special Considerations

  • 3.1 Requirements: First Responders Indoor Communications
    • 3.1.1 General
  • 3.2 Choices
    • 3.2.1 Classes
    • 3.2.2 Properties
      • 3.2.2.1 Regulations
      • 3.2.2.2 Involved Parties
      • 3.2.2.3 Factors
  • 3.3 Functionalities
    • 3.3.1 Extended Coverage

4.0 Developmental Trends

  • 4.1 Small Cells Development
    • 4.1.1 Rational
    • 4.1.2 Nomenclature
      • 4.1.2.1 Group
    • 4.1.3 Background
    • 4.1.4 Applications
      • 4.1.4.1 Indoor Use Cases
      • 4.1.4.2 Outdoor Use Cases
      • 4.1.4.3 Public Safety Communications
      • 4.1.4.4 Summary
    • 4.1.5 Benefits and Issues
    • 4.1.6 Small Cell Market
      • 4.1.6.1 Market Geography
      • 4.1.6.2 Estimate
    • 4.1.7 Standardization
      • 4.1.7.1 Organizations
        • 4.1.7.1.1 Small Cell Forum
        • 4.1.7.1.2 3GPP
          • 4.1.7.1.2.1 First Standard
          • 4.1.7.1.2.2 Interfaces - 3GPP
          • 4.1.7.1.2.3 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs
        • 4.1.7.1.3 Other
    • 4.1.8 Small Cell Industry
      • Airspan
      • AirHop Communications
      • Alpha Networks
      • Argela
      • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
      • BTI Wireless
      • CommScope
      • Contela
      • Ericsson
      • Fujitsu
      • Huawei
      • ip.access
      • Intel
      • Gilat
      • Juni
      • NEC
      • Nokia
      • Qualcomm
      • Radisys
      • Samsung
      • Spider Cloud (Corning)
      • Tektelic
      • TI
      • Xilinx
      • ZTE
  • 4.2 Distributed Antenna System (DAS)
    • 4.2.1 General
    • 4.2.2 Definition
    • 4.2.3 Utilization
    • 4.2.4 DAS Benefits
    • 4.2.5 Forum
    • 4.2.6 Specifics of DAS for Public Safety Communications
    • 4.2.7 Market
      • 4.2.7.1 General
      • 4.2.7.2 Cost Efficiency
      • 4.2.7.3 Market Drivers
      • 4.2.7.4 Forecast
    • 4.2.8 Industry
      • Boingo
      • Cobham
      • Comba
      • CommScope
      • Corning
      • Crown Castle
      • Dali Wireless
      • Ethertronics
      • Nextivity
      • Radio Frequency Systems
      • Shyam Telecom
      • SoliD
      • Westell
      • Zinwave
  • 4.3 Increased Power: FirstNet Example

5.0 In-building Wireless Coverage: Market Estimate

6.0 In-building Localization

  • 6.1 Standardization Activity
  • 6.2 Survey
  • 6.3 Industry
    • Apple
    • Broadcom
    • Camero
    • decaWave
    • Forkbeard
    • Google
    • indoo.rs
    • IndoorAtlas
    • iPosi
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NextNav
    • NIST
    • Pointer
    • Qualcomm
    • Q-Track
    • Skyhook Wireless
    • Wifarer
  • 6.4 Market Estimate

7.0 FirstNet and Indoor Coverage

  • 7.1 Transparency
  • 7.2 Contract
  • 7.3 Differences
  • 7.4 Authorities
  • 7.4.1 Activity

8.0 Comparison

  • 8.1 DAS
  • 8.2 C-RAN Small Cells
  • 8.3 Small Cells Issues

9.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: Patents Survey - Indoor Localization (2017-2020)

Attachment II: Codes