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市場調查報告書

聯網汽車開發的發展:技術、市場、標準化

Progress in Connected Car Development: Technologies, Markets, Standardization

出版商 PracTel, Inc. 商品編碼 955708
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 157 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
聯網汽車開發的發展:技術、市場、標準化 Progress in Connected Car Development: Technologies, Markets, Standardization
出版日期: 2020年08月31日內容資訊: 英文 157 Pages
簡介

目前,ITS的進步與 "聯網汽車" (CC)的發展緊密相關,後者是與周圍汽車和基礎設施無線連接的移動汽車(以及汽車內部的支持性連接)。這樣的汽車,向汽車廠商,服務供應商,用戶提供新機會。CC計劃現在,在全球被開發。為了支持CC通訊的技術的選項有很多,不過,現在2個技術 - 5.9 GHz DSRC 及 C-V2X - 主導。

本報告提供全球聯網汽車 (CC)的開發趨勢的相關調查,ITS的功能,主要的目標,結構,及市場分析,CC的概念,應用,屬性,詳細內容,及市場分析,CC通訊適用的5.9 GHz DSRC及C-V2X LTE-A技術比較,LTE技術分析,及IEEE 802.11p及V2X相關的專利的調查等。

目錄

第1章 簡介

  • 統計
  • 目標
  • 範圍
  • 調查手法
  • 主要讀者

第2章ITS:行動系統

  • 整體
  • 結構
    • 隊形
    • 子系統
    • 等級與零件:道路
  • 主要技術
  • ITS標準化:進展中
    • 概要
    • ETSI-歐洲
    • 美國
    • 國際
    • 概要
  • ITS的功能
    • 智慧型基礎設施
    • 智慧型車輛
  • ITS市場統計
    • 整體
    • 前提條件
    • 估計

第3章 聯網汽車的規格

  • 整體
    • 連接性的類型
  • 法律
    • 美國
    • 指示
  • 屬性和必要條件
    • 方法
    • 網路必要條件:5G
    • 行動技術
  • 促進因素
  • 主要的使用案例
  • 市場

第4章 5.9 GHz DSRC

  • 整體
    • 歷史-頻譜
  • 業界的配合-合作
  • 地方
  • 結構與通訊協定
    • 必要條件
    • 里程碑
    • IEEE 802.11p
    • IEEE 1609
    • ETSIITS-G5-主要的功能
    • ISO及DSRC
    • SAE及DSRC
  • 零組件和次序
    • 零組件
    • 次序
  • 主要用途
    • EPS
  • 頻譜-DSRC-國際
    • 頻道指定
  • 服務
    • 主要的服務
    • 服務範疇/QoS
    • 服務必要條件
  • 概要:5.9 GHz DSRC特性
  • 優點與缺點:5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 整體
    • 通行費產業的優點
    • 限制事項
  • 比較
    • 915 MHz DSRC及5.9 GHz DSRC
    • CEN278(5.8 GHz)DSRC及5.9 GHz DSRC
  • 市場區隔
    • 市場成長要素
    • 市場必要條件
    • 市場估計
  • 產業
    • 產業聯合
    • 最近的進步
    • 供應商
      • AutoTalks
      • Cohda Wireless
      • Delphi
      • Kapsch
      • NXP
      • Redpine Signals
      • Qualcomm
      • Savari
      • Unex
      • u-blox
  • 管治與解決方案

第5章 蜂巢式技術和聯網汽車

  • 的群組2個
  • 3GPP活動
    • D2D通訊
    • C-V2X廣播
    • 性能比較
    • 新的階段
  • 產業
    • Autotalks
    • AT&T/Audi-Tesla
    • Broadcom
    • Commsignia
    • Cohda Wireless
    • Ficosa
    • GM
    • Savari
    • Qualcomm
    • u-blox

第6章 比較:DSRC-802.11p和C-V2X

  • 整體
  • 詳細內容
    • 適應性
    • 法律
    • 網路
    • 範圍
    • 類型
    • 可擴展性
    • 經濟
    • 傳輸速率
    • 通用性
    • 車載資通系統
    • 5G Vision
  • 趨勢

第7章 聯網汽車-群組和聯盟

  • Open Automotive Alliance
  • 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
  • Apple - iOS in the Car
  • Connected Vehicle to Everything of Tomorrow Consortium (ConVeX)
  • WWW Consortium
  • GSMA Connected Car Forum
  • Car Connectivity Consortium
  • Towards 5G Partnership
  • 5GAA

第8章 結論

附錄I:專利調查-IEEE 802.11p(2017-2019)

附錄II:專利調查-Cellular V2X(2017-2019)

附錄III:LTE技術與市場

目錄

This report addresses the current status of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), their structure, major applications, standardization and markets. The Intelligent Transportation Systems aim to improve the economy by reducing the number of road accidents, the amount of car air pollutions and making smooth flow of the traffic.

The advances in the ITS are presently tied with the development of a "connected car" (CC) - a moving car that is wirelessly connected with surrounding cars and the infrastructure (as well as support connectivity inside of a car). Such a car opens a spectrum of new and exciting opportunities for automakers, service providers and users.

CC programs are now under development all around the globe. Though there are many technological choices to support CC communications, two technologies are leading at the present time. They are:

  • 5.9 GHz DSRC, and
  • C-V2X.

The report concentrates on those leaders; and analyzes their characteristics, parameters, marketing statistics, industries and the spectrum of applications. It also compares these technologies and their applicability to CC communications.

5.9 GHz DSRC technology is being tested and trialed in the U.S. for the last 20 years; and a rich collection of communications channels statistics has been gathered. This technology is now in the process of standardization by the U.S. DOT for CC communications. It has many attractions, such as the economies of scale based on the IEEE 802.11p standard, network simplicity and other. It also standardized and accepted in Europe. The report also addresses the current discussion in the industry and the FCC concerning opening the 5.9 GHz band for Wi-Fi communications and related consequences for safety applications.

Utilization LTE-A and its modifications for C-V2X communications attracts users by longer reaches, higher speeds, possibility of low latency (1-3 ms), and utilization of the cellular infrastructure in which CC communications will be only one of many use cases. The standard was finalized in Release 14 of the 3GPP; and the technology is lately under extensive testing and trialing. Two methods are being developed: a) D2D communications, and b) Broadcast communications. They are discussed in the report.

The report details specifics of 5.9 GHz DSRC and LTE-A for CC communications, their marketing aspects, and the related legislative work. It also concentrates on benefits and limitations of each technology and surveys related industries.

At the present time, it is unclear which technology will prevail (or may be both of them will be in use, countries-specific). Realizing this, the industry concentrated attention on design and production of electronics that can support both technologies in one package - this is the current main trend in CC communications chipsets manufacturing.

The report is intended for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the ITS development; and particular concerns with marketing and technological aspects of a connected car; and for specialists in communications technologies that support advances in connected cars programs. For them, it will provide the following up-to-date information and results of the analysis:

  • ITS features, major goals, structure and market analysis
  • CC concept, applications, properties, specifics and market analysis
  • CC 5.9 GHz DSRC technology, standardization, protocols, industry and market analysis
  • C-V2X LTE-A technology, standardization process, specifics and current status
  • Comparison 5.9 GHz DSRC and C-V2X LTE-A technologies as they apply to CC communications
  • Analysis of the LTE technology: benefits, properties, industry and market
  • Survey of patents related to IEEE 802.11p and V2X.

Table of Contents

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. Statistics
  • 1.2. Goal
  • 1.3. Scope
  • 1.4. Research Methodology
  • 1.5. Target Audience

2.0. ITS: System in Actions

  • 2.1. General
  • 2.2. Composition
    • 2.2.1. Formation
    • 2.2.2. Subsystems
    • 2.2.3. Layers and Components-Roadways
  • 2.3. Key Technologies
  • 2.4. ITS Standardization: In Progress
    • 2.4.1. Overview
    • 2.4.2. ETSI - Europe
    • 2.4.3. U.S.
      • 2.4.3.1. General
      • 2.4.3.2. National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP)
        • 2.4.3.2.1. Scope
        • 2.4.3.2.2. Family
    • 2.4.4. International
      • 2.4.4.1. General
      • 2.4.4.2. ITU
    • 2.4.5. Summary
  • 2.5. ITS Functionalities
    • 2.5.1. Intelligent Infrastructure
    • 2.5.2. Intelligent Vehicles
  • 2.6. ITS Market Statistics
    • 2.6.1. General
    • 2.6.2. Assumptions
    • 2.6.3. Estimate

3.0. Connected Car Specifics

  • 3.1. General
    • 3.1.1. Types of Connectivity
  • 3.2. Legislation
    • 3.2.1. U.S.
      • 3.2.1.1. NHTSA Actions and Plans
    • 3.2.2. Directions
      • 3.2.2.1. EU and England
      • 3.2.2.2. Varieties
  • 3.3. Properties and Requirements
    • 3.3.1. Methods
    • 3.3.2. Network Requirements: 5G
    • 3.3.3. Functional Technologies
  • 3.4. Driving Forces
  • 3.5. Major Use Cases
  • 3.6. Market

4.0. 5.9. GHz DSRC

  • 4.1. General
    • 4.1.1. History- Spectrum
      • 4.1.1.1. Recent Developments - Spectrum Sharing - Opinions
  • 4.2. Industry Efforts - Cooperation
  • 4.3. Place
  • 4.4. Structure and Protocols
    • 4.4.1. Requirements
    • 4.4.2. Milestones
    • 4.4.3. IEEE 802.11p
      • 4.4.3.1. General
      • 4.4.3.2. Objectives and Status
      • 4.4.3.3. ASTM Contributions
      • 4.4.3.4. Characteristics
    • 4.4.4. IEEE 1609
      • 4.4.4.1. General
      • 4.4.4.2. Overview
      • 4.4.4.3. IEEE 1609 in Use
    • 4.4.5. ETSI ITS-G5 - Major Features
    • 4.4.6. ISO and DSRC
    • 4.4.7. SAE and DSRC
  • 4.5. Components and Procedures
    • 4.5.1. Components
    • 4.5.2. Procedures
  • 4.6. Major Applications
    • 4.6.1. EPS
  • 4.7. Spectrum - DSRC - International
    • 4.7.1. Channels Designation
  • 4.8. Services
    • 4.8.1. Major Services
    • 4.8.2. Service Categories/QoS
    • 4.8.3. Service Requirements
  • 4.9. Summary: 5.9 GHz DSRC Characteristics
  • 4.10. Benefits and Limitations - 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 4.10.1. General
    • 4.10.2. Toll Industry Benefits
    • 4.10.3. Limitations
  • 4.11. Comparison
    • 4.11.1. 915 MHz DSRC and 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 4.11.2. CEN278 (5.8 GHz) DSRC and 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • 4.12. Market Segment
    • 4.12.1. Market Drivers
    • 4.12.2. Market Requirements
    • 4.12.3. Market Estimate
  • 4.13. Industry
    • 4.13.1. Industry Coalition
    • 4.13.2. Recent Progress
    • 4.13.3. Vendors
      • AutoTalks
      • Cohda Wireless
      • Delphi
      • Kapsch
      • NXP
      • Redpine Signals
      • Qualcomm
      • Savari
      • Unex
      • u-blox
  • 4.14. Governing and Solutions

5.0. Cellular Technologies and Connected Car

  • 5.1. Two Groups
  • 5.2. 3GPP Activities
    • 5.2.1. D2D Communications
    • 5.2.2. C-V2X Broadcast
    • 5.2.3. Performance Comparison
    • 5.2.4. Further Steps
  • 5.3. Industry
    • Autotalks
    • AT&T/Audi-Tesla
    • Broadcom
    • Commsignia
    • Cohda Wireless
    • Ficosa
    • GM
    • Savari
    • Qualcomm
    • u-blox

6.0. Comparison: DSRC-802.11p and C-V2X

  • 6.1. General
  • 6.2. Details
    • 6.2.1. Readiness
    • 6.2.2. Legislation
    • 6.2.3. Networking
    • 6.2.4. Range
    • 6.2.5. Response
    • 6.2.6. Scalability
    • 6.2.7. Economics
    • 6.2.8. Speed of Transmission
    • 6.2.9. Versatility
    • 6.2.10. Telematics
    • 6.2.11. 5G Vision
      • 6.2.11.1. Potential benefits of LTE-based V2X
  • 6.3. Trend

7.0. Connected Car - Groups and Alliances

  • 7.1. Open Automotive Alliance
  • 7.2. 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
  • 7.3. Apple - iOS in the Car
  • 7.4. Connected Vehicle to Everything of Tomorrow Consortium (ConVeX)
  • 7.5. WWW Consortium
  • 7.6. GSMA Connected Car Forum
  • 7.7. Car Connectivity Consortium
  • 7.8. Towards 5G Partnership
  • 7.9. 5GAA

8.0. Conclusions

Appendix I: Patents Survey - IEEE 802.11p (2017-2019)

Appendix II: Patents Survey - Cellular V2X (2017-2019)

Appendix III: LTE Technology and Markets

  • A.1. De-Facto Standard
  • A.2. Broadband Wireless Communications Stages
    • A.2.1. LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
      • A.2.1.1. Industry Initiative
      • A.2.1.2. LTE Timetable
      • A.2.1.3. 3GPP Releases
  • A.3. Key Features of LTE
    • A.3.1. Comparison
  • A.4. Details
    • A.4.1. Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) - eNB
    • A.4.2. UE Categories
    • A.4.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
    • A.4.4. LTE Layers
  • A.5. LTE Advanced
  • A.6. Self-organized Network (SON)
  • A.7. Market: LTE
    • A.7.1. General
    • A.7.2. Market Drivers
    • A.7.3. Demand: Wireless Broadband
    • A.7.4. LTE Market Projections
  • A.8. Summary: LTE Benefits
  • A.9. Industry
    • Aricent
    • AceAxis
    • Cisco
    • CommAgility
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • Lime Microsystems
    • Motorola Solutions
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Sequans
    • TI
    • u-blox
    • ZTE

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Wireless Communications: ITS Environment
  • Figure 2: Europe - Standardization Organizations
  • Figure 3: Standardization Organizations - ITS U.S.
  • Figure 4: NTCIP Structure
  • Figure 5: International -Standardization Bodies
  • Figure 6: Estimate: Global ITS Market ($B)
  • Figure 7: Estimate: ITS WICT- Global Market ($B)
  • Figure 8: ITS Equipment Sales by Regions ($B)
  • Figure 9: NHTSA DSRC Project - Prior 2015
  • Figure 10: NHTSA - Further DSRC Project Development
  • Figure 11: Connected Car: Network Requirements
  • Figure 12: Connected Car: Communications Technologies
  • Figure 13: Estimate - Connected Car Market Value - Global ($B)
  • Figure 14: Estimate - Global - Service Providers Revenue - Connected Car ($B)
  • Figure 15: Estimate - Global Auto Market - CC Sales (Mil.)
  • Figure 16: 5.9 GHz DSRC - Frequencies Allocation and Channelization
  • Figure 17: DSRC - Modified Spectrum
  • Figure 18: Industry Cooperation
  • Figure 19: ITS-5.9 GHz DSRC - Illustration
  • Figure 20: Communications Model - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 21: 802.11p - Communications
  • Figure 22: 1609 Protocol - Illustration
  • Figure 23: Signals Logical Flow - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 24: Collision Detection/Avoidance System
  • Figure 25: Work Zone Warning
  • Figure 26: "Smart" Car
  • Figure 27: DSRC Worldwide - Spectrum Allocation
  • Figure 28: DSRC: Spectrum Allocation Details (Global)
  • Figure 29: Channel Assignment - 5.9 GHz DSRC U.S.
  • Figure 30: 5.9 GHz DSRC Transmission Characteristics and Channelization
  • Figure 31: Spectrum Details - Overlapping Wi-Fi
  • Figure 32: Major Categories-DSRC Services
  • Figure 33: 5.9 GHz DSRC Rate vs. Distance
  • Figure 34: 5.9 GHz DSRC Protocols - Summary
  • Figure 35: Estimate: CC Market Value- U.S. - 5.9 GHz DSRC ($B)
  • Figure 36: C-V2X Modes of Communications
  • Figure 37: 3GPP Schedule - D2D Communications (V2X)
  • Figure 38: D2D Communications - Evolution
  • Figure 39: LTE ProSe Functions - Discovery and Communications
  • Figure 40: Further Evolution - C-V2X
  • Figure 41: Networking
  • Figure 42: C-V2X Development Time Schedule (2018)
  • Figure 43: Evolution Path
  • Figure 44: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
  • Figure 45: Release 15 Timeline
  • Figure 46: LTE - IP
  • Figure 47: Major LTE Advantages
  • Figure 48: LTE - Reference Architecture
  • Figure 49: LTE Layers
  • Figure 50: Estimate: LTE-Subscribers' Base-Global (Bil)
  • Figure 51: LTE Equipment Global Sales ($B)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Road Crashes Statistics
  • Table 2: 5G Network Characteristics
  • Table 3: ETSI ITS-G5 Channels and Services
  • Table 4: Service Categories - DSRC
  • Table 5: Users Service Requirements
  • Table 6: Summary: 5.9 GHz DSRC Characteristics
  • Table 7: 5.9 GHz DSRC Benefits
  • Table 8: 915 MHz and 5.9 GHz DSRC Differences
  • Table 9: LTE - D2D and Broadcast Modes - Features
  • Table 10: Major Features - Comparison
  • Table 11: 3GPP Releases
  • Table 12: LTE Initial Characteristics
  • Table 13: Users Equipment Categories (Initial)
  • Table 14: UE Categories - Extended