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市場調查報告書

室內公共安全通訊及本土化的技術、市場

Indoor Wireless Coverage and Objects Localization: Technologies and Markets

出版商 PracTel, Inc. 商品編碼 640334
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 135 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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室內公共安全通訊及本土化的技術、市場 Indoor Wireless Coverage and Objects Localization: Technologies and Markets
出版日期: 2019年10月04日內容資訊: 英文 135 Pages
簡介

本報告提供建築物和隧道等室內環境中支援初期應變人員的操作的無線通訊及本地化技術規格的相關調查,相關產業,適用規格,及市場分析。

第1章 簡介

第2章 PSC頻譜

  • 美國
    • FCC:概要
    • 800 MHz頻帶
    • 700 MHz頻帶
  • EU
  • 全球

第3章 特有檢討事項

  • 必要條件:初期應變人員室內通訊
    • 概要
  • 選擇
    • 特徵
  • 室內通訊的規格
    • 涵蓋範圍擴張

第4章 發展趨勢

  • 小型基地台的開發
  • 術語體系
  • 背景
  • 應用
    • 室內的利用案例
    • 室外的利用案例
    • 公共安全通訊
    • 摘要
  • 優點、課題
  • 小型基地台市場
    • 市場地區
    • 估計
  • 標準化
    • 組織
  • 小型基地台產業
    • Airspan
    • AirHop Communications
    • Alpha Networks
    • Argela
    • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
    • BTI Wireless
    • Cavium
    • Cisco
    • CommScope
    • Contela
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • ip.access
    • Intel
    • Gilat
    • Juni
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Radisys
    • Samsung
    • Spider Cloud (Corning)
    • Tektelic
    • TI
    • Xilinx
    • ZTE
  • 分散天線系統 (DAS)
    • 概要
    • 定義
    • 分類
    • 有效利用
    • DAS的優點
    • 論壇
    • 公共安全通訊中DAS的規格
    • 市場
    • 產業

第5章 室內無線通訊:市場估計

第6章 室內本土化

  • 標準化活動
  • 調查
  • 產業
    • Apple
    • Broadcom
    • Camero
    • decaWave
    • Google
    • indoo.rs
    • IndoorAtlas
    • iPosi
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NextNav
    • NIST
    • Pointer
    • Qualcomm
    • Q-Track
    • Skyhook Wireless
    • ViewPoint
    • Wifarer
  • 市場估計

第7章 FirstNet及室內通訊

  • 透明度
  • 契約
  • 差異
  • 當局

第8章 比較

  • DAS
  • C-RAN小型基地台
  • 小型基地台的課題

第9章 結論

附錄I

附錄II

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目錄

This report is analyzing specifics of indoor communications and localization. Though the focus of the report is public safety applications, majority of findings relate to a wider spectrum of use cases (communications and localization) in the indoor environment.

This report addresses specifics of wireless communications and localization technologies that support first responders and other users' activities inside of enclosures such as buildings, tunnels and similar structures. It also addresses related industries, applicable standards and markets. The report is also relevant to other users' cases related to indoor communications and localization.

Increasingly, public safety entities, commercial wireless service providers, and wireless users require reliable indoor communications. For public safety, reliable coverage is often essential throughout a broad jurisdiction, including coverage on-street, in-building, and in-tunnel. In such cases, there is no substitute for a properly designed dedicated mission-critical communications system with sufficient transmit sites to provide the level of signal required for reliable coverage anywhere within the jurisdiction, whether on-street or indoors.

Indoor wireless communications environments usually do not allow using traditional PSC (Public Safety Communications) networking based on TETRA, P25 or LTE. Building materials attenuate signals and this makes communications unreadable. Localization based on GPS techniques is becoming also questionable due to weak satellite signals inside of a construction.

All these factors make it necessary to develop special methods to extend outdoor communications channels inside of enclosures. Two such methods are analyzed in this report; and they are based on utilization:

  • Small Cells
  • DAS - Distributed Antenna Systems.

Small Cells base stations are small in size, lightweight and designed to serve up to several tens of users. They may be conveniently spread throughout a building, covering each corridor, hall, corners and so on. The technology relatively recently became commercialized and brought multiple benefits to users.

DAS is used for in-building signals distributions for at least twenty years. The report concentrates on advances in this technology, its specifics and issues.

Standard organizations activities, the in-depth market analysis and survey of the industry are also included in this report.

There are multiple methods suggested for in-building localization of first responders as well as other people or objects in the operational area. They are based on utilization of sensors, RF signatures in a building, amplification of GPS signals and other. The report concentrates on commercialized methods, and provides details of their advantages and issues. The report also addresses marketing aspects of in-building localization; and surveys patents related to indoor localization.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development of reliable PSC and localization inside buildings and other enclosures.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1. Need
  • 1.2. Legislation
  • 1.3. Signal Attenuation
  • 1.4. Requirements -Transparency
  • 1.5. Unified In-Building Wireless
    • 1.5.1. Localization Services
    • 1.5.2. Solutions
  • 1.6. Public Safety Communications Specifics
  • 1.7. Scope and Goals
  • 1.8. Research Methodology
  • 1.9. Target Audience

2.0. PSC Spectrum

  • 2.1. U.S.
    • 2.1.1. FCC - General
    • 2.1.2. 800 MHz Band
      • 2.1.2.1. Latest Rulings: FCC
    • 2.1.3. 700 MHz Band
      • 2.1.3.1. 700 MHz Nationwide Network - FirstNet
  • 2.2. EU
  • 2.3. Global

3.0. Special Considerations

  • 3.1. Requirements: First Responders Indoor Communications
    • 3.1.1. General
  • 3.2. Choices
    • 3.2.1. Classes
    • 3.2.2. Properties
      • 3.2.2.1. Regulations
      • 3.2.2.2. Involved Parties
      • 3.2.2.3. Factors
  • 3.3. Functionalities
    • 3.3.1. Extended Coverage

4.0. Developmental Trends

  • 4.1. Small Cells Development
    • 4.1.1. Rational
  • 4.2. Nomenclature
    • 4.2.1. Group
  • 4.3. Background
  • 4.4. Applications
    • 4.4.1. Indoor Use Cases
    • 4.4.2. Outdoor Use Cases
    • 4.4.3. Public Safety Communications
    • 4.4.4. Summary
  • 4.5. Benefits and Issues
  • 4.6. Small Cell Market
    • 4.6.1. Market Geography
    • 4.6.2. Estimate
  • 4.7. Standardization
    • 4.7.1. Organizations
      • 4.7.1.1. Small Cell Forum
      • 4.7.1.2. 3GPP
        • 4.7.1.2.1. First Standard
        • 4.7.1.2.2. Interfaces - 3GPP
        • 4.7.1.2.3. 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs
      • 4.7.1.3. Other
  • 4.8. Small Cell Industry
    • Airspan
    • AirHop Communications
    • Alpha Networks
    • Argela
    • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
    • BTI Wireless
    • CommScope
    • Contela
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • ip.access
    • Intel
    • Gilat
    • Juni
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Radisys
    • Samsung
    • Spider Cloud (Corning)
    • Tektelic
    • TI
    • Xilinx
    • ZTE
  • 4.9. Distributed Antenna System (DAS)
    • 4.9.1. General
    • 4.9.2. Definition
    • 4.9.3. Utilization
    • 4.9.4. DAS Benefits
    • 4.9.5. Forum
    • 4.9.6. Specifics of DAS in Public Safety Communications
    • 4.9.7. Market
      • 4.9.7.1. General
      • 4.9.7.2. Cost Efficiency
      • 4.9.7.3. Market Drivers
      • 4.9.7.4. Forecast
    • 4.9.8. Industry
      • Boingo
      • Cel-Fi
      • Cobham
      • Comba
      • CommScope
      • Corning
      • Combilent
      • Crown Castle
      • Dali Wireless
      • Ethertronics
      • Radio Frequency Systems
      • Shyam Telecom
      • SoliD
      • Westell
      • Zinwave
  • 4.10. Increased Power: FirstNet Example

5.0. In-building Wireless Coverage: Market Estimate

6.0. In-building Localization

  • 6.1. Standardization Activity
  • 6.2. Survey
  • 6.3. Industry
    • Apple
    • Broadcom
    • Camero
    • decaWave
    • Google
    • indoo.rs
    • IndoorAtlas
    • iPosi
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NextNav
    • NIST
    • Pointer
    • Qualcomm
    • Q-Track
    • Skyhook Wireless
    • Wifarer
    • Table
  • 6.4. Market Estimate

7.0. FirstNet and Indoor Coverage

  • 7.1. Transparency
  • 7.2. Contract
  • 7.3. Differences
  • 7.4. Authorities
    • 7.4.1. Activity

8.0. Comparison

  • 8.1. DAS
  • 8.2. C-RAN Small Cells
  • 8.3. Small Cells Issues

9.0. Conclusions

Attachment I: Patents Survey - Indoor Localization (2016-2019)

Attachment II: Codes

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