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市場調查報告書

智能交通系統 (ITS) 和聯網汽車開發:技術、市場和標準化

Intelligent Transportation Systems and Connected Car Development: Technologies, Markets, Standardization

出版商 PracTel, Inc. 商品編碼 1010080
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
智能交通系統 (ITS) 和聯網汽車開發:技術、市場和標準化 Intelligent Transportation Systems and Connected Car Development: Technologies, Markets, Standardization
出版日期: 2021年06月10日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

智能交通系統 (ITS) 的開發目前正在與 "互聯汽車" (CC) 的開發相關聯。這是指與周圍車輛和基礎設施無線連接(或支持車載連接)的移動車輛。此類車輛為汽車製造商、服務提供商和用戶提供了各種令人興奮的新機會。目前,世界各地都在進行車聯網項目,特別是5.9 GHz DSRC和C-V2X兩種技術正在積極開發和傳播,作為通信支持技術。

本報告調查了全球智能交通系統(ITS)和車聯網(CC)的發展趨勢,考察了ITS的功能、主要目標、市場結構和市場分析,以及CC的概念和應用領域- 收集特性和市場分析等信息,5.9 GHz DSRC和C-V2X LTE-A技術應用於CC通信的比較,LTE技術分析,搜索IEEE 802.11p和V2X相關專利,我會提供。

目錄

第 1 章介紹

第 2 章 ITS:運行系統

  • 一般情況
  • 配置
    • 編隊
    • 子系統
    • 圖層和組件:道路
  • 關鍵技術
  • ITS 標準化:目前正在進行世界/國家案例
  • ITS 功能
    • 智能基礎設施
    • 智能汽車
  • ITS 市場統計數據
    • 一般情況
    • 假設
    • 估計值

第 3 章聯網汽車的詳細信息

  • 一般情況
    • 連接類型
  • 相關法律法規:各國案例研究
  • 屬性和要求
    • 方法
    • 網絡要求:5G
    • 功能技術
  • 聯網汽車 (CC):促進因素
  • 主要用例
  • 市場

第 4 章 5.9 GHz 專用短程通信 (DSRC)

  • 一般情況
    • 過去的市場波動
  • 行業倡議-合作
  • 位置
  • 結構和協議
    • 要求
    • 里程碑
    • IEEE 802.11p
    • IEEE 1609
    • ETSIITS-G5-主要功能
    • ISO 和 DSRC
    • SAE 和 DSRC
  • 組件和程序
  • 主要用途
    • 每股收益
  • 全球DSRC技術/市場波動
    • 通道規範
  • 服務
    • 主要服務
    • 服務類別/QoS(服務質量)
    • 服務要求
  • 概述:5.9 GHz DSRC 的特性
  • 優點和局限性:5.9GHz DSRC
    • 一般情況
    • 計費行業的好處
    • 限制
  • 比較
    • 915 MHz DSRC 和 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • CEN278 (5.8 GHz) DSRC 和 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • 細分市場
    • 市場驅動因素
    • 市場要求
    • 市場報價
  • 行業
    • 行業聯盟
    • 近期進展
    • 供應商
      • 自動對話
      • 科達無線
      • 德爾福
      • 卡普施
      • 恩智浦
      • 紅松信號
      • 高通
      • 薩瓦裡
      • Unex
      • u-blox
  • 意見
  • 進展:802.11bd

第 5 章蜂窩技術和聯網汽車

  • 2組
  • 3GPP 活動
    • 操作模式
    • D2D 通信
    • C-V2X 廣播
    • 性能對比
    • 進一步步驟
  • 行業
    • 自動對話
    • AT & T/奧迪-特斯拉
    • 博通
    • Commsignia
    • 科達無線
    • Ficosa
    • 總經理
    • 薩瓦裡
    • 高通

第 6 章比較:DSRC-802.11p 和 C-V2X

  • 一般情況
  • 詳情
    • 響應性
    • 網絡
    • 範圍
    • 響應速度
    • 可擴展性
    • 經濟實惠
    • 傳輸速度
    • 多功能性
    • 遠程信息處理
    • 5G 願景
  • 趨勢

第 7 章聯網汽車:團體和聯盟

  • Open Automotive Alliance
  • 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
  • Apple - iOS in the Car
  • Connected Vehicle to Everything of Tomorrow Consortium (ConVeX)
  • WWW Consortium
  • GSMA Connected Car Forum
  • Car Connectivity Consortium
  • Towards 5G Partnership
  • 5GAA

第8章結論

附錄一:專利檢索--DSRC 5.9 GHz-IEEE 802.11p (2018-2021)

附錄二:專利檢索--Cellular V2X (2018-2021)

附錄三:LTE 技術和市場

目錄

This report addresses the current status of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), their structure, major applications, standardization and markets. The Intelligent Transportation Systems aim to improve the economy by reducing the number of road accidents (making driving safer), the amount of car air pollutions and making smooth flow of the traffic.

The advances in the ITS are presently tied with the development of a "Connected Car" (CC) - a moving car that is wirelessly connected with surrounding cars and the infrastructure (as well as supporting connectivity inside of a car). Such a car opens a spectrum of new and exciting opportunities for automakers, service providers and users.

CC programs are now under development all around the globe. Though there are many technological choices to support CC communications, two technologies are leading:

  • 5.9 GHz DSRC, and
  • C-V2X.

The report concentrates on those leaders; and analyzes their characteristics, parameters, marketing statistics, industries and the spectrum of applications. It also compares these technologies and their applicability to CC communications.

5.9 GHz DSRC technology is being tested and trialed in the U.S. for the last 23 years; and a rich collection of communications channels statistics has been gathered. This technology was considered for standardization by the U.S. DOT for CC communications. It has many attractions, such as the economies of scale based on the IEEE 802.11p standard, network simplicity and other. It also standardized and accepted in Europe. Note that the 2020 FCC rulemaking regarding the 5.9 GHz spectrum sharing established a solid ground for C-V2X technologies to lead CC communications.

Utilization LTE-A and its modifications for C-V2X communications attracts users by longer reaches, higher speeds, possibility of low latency (1-3 ms), and utilization of the cellular infrastructure in which CC communications will be only one of many use cases. The standard was finalized in Release 14 of the 3GPP; and the technology is lately under extensive testing and trialing. Two methods are being developed: a) D2D communications, and b) Broadcast communications. They are discussed in the report.

The report details specifics of 5.9 GHz DSRC and LTE-A for CC communications, their marketing aspects, and the related legislative work. It also concentrates on benefits and limitations of each technology and surveys related industries.

The industry concentrated attention on design and production of electronics that can support both technologies in one package - this is the current main trend in CC communications chipsets manufacturing.

The report is intended for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the ITS development; and particular concerns with marketing and technological aspects of a connected car; and for specialists in communications technologies that support advances in connected cars programs. For them, it will provide the following up-to-date information and results of the analysis:

  • ITS features, major goals, structure and market analysis
  • CC concept, applications, properties, specifics and market analysis
  • CC 5.9 GHz DSRC technology, standardization, protocols, industry and market analysis
  • C-V2X LTE-A technology, standardization process, specifics and current status
  • Comparison 5.9 GHz DSRC and C-V2X LTE-A technologies as they apply to CC communications
  • Analysis of the LTE technology: benefits, properties, industry and market
  • Survey of patents related to IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Statistics
  • 1.2 Goal
  • 1.3 Scope
  • 1.4 Research Methodology
  • 1.5 Target Audience

2.0 ITS: Systems in Actions

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Composition
    • 2.2.1 Formation
    • 2.2.2 Subsystems
    • 2.2.3 Layers and Components-Roadways
  • 2.3 Key Technologies
  • 2.4 ITS Standardization: In Progress
    • 2.4.1 Overview
    • 2.4.2 ETSI - Europe
    • 2.4.3 U.S.
      • 2.4.3.1 General
      • 2.4.3.2 National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP)
        • 2.4.3.2.1 Scope
        • 2.4.3.2.2 Family
    • 2.4.4 International
      • 2.4.4.1 General
      • 2.4.4.2 ITU
    • 2.4.5 Summary
  • 2.5 ITS Functionalities
    • 2.5.1 Intelligent Infrastructure
    • 2.5.2 Intelligent Vehicles
  • 2.6 ITS Market Statistics
    • 2.6.1 General
    • 2.6.2 Assumptions
    • 2.6.3 Estimate

3.0 Connected Car Specifics

  • 3.1 General
    • 3.1.1 Types of Connectivity
  • 3.2 Legislation
    • 3.2.1 U.S.
      • 3.2.1.1 NHTSA Actions and Plans
    • 3.2.2 Directions
      • 3.2.2.1 EU and England
      • 3.2.2.2 Varieties
      • 3.2.2.3 2021 Major Trends - Support of CC Development
  • 3.3 Properties and Requirements
    • 3.3.1 Methods
    • 3.3.2 Network Requirements: 5G
    • 3.3.3 Functional Technologies
      • 3.3.3.1 Wi-Fi (in addition to 802.11p)
      • 3.3.3.2 Bluetooth Smart
      • 3.3.3.3 Near Field Communication (NFC)
      • 3.3.3.4 Integrated GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)
      • 3.3.3.5 Automotive Ethernet
      • 3.3.3.6 Fiber Connectivity
  • 3.4 CC: Driving Forces
  • 3.5 Major Use Cases
  • 3.6 Market

4.0 5.9 GHz DSRC

  • 4.1 General
    • 4.1.1 History- Spectrum
      • 4.1.1.1 Recent Developments - Spectrum Sharing
      • 4.1.1.2 Opinions
      • 4.1.1.3 FCC Ruling
  • 4.2 Industry Efforts - Cooperation
  • 4.3 Place
  • 4.4 Structure and Protocols
    • 4.4.1 Requirements
    • 4.4.2 Milestones
    • 4.4.3 IEEE 802.11p
      • 4.4.3.1 General
      • 4.4.3.2 Objectives and Status
      • 4.4.3.3 ASTM Contributions
      • 4.4.3.4 Characteristics
    • 4.4.4 IEEE 1609
      • 4.4.4.1 General
      • 4.4.4.2 Overview
      • 4.4.4.3 IEEE 1609 in Use
    • 4.4.5 ETSI ITS-G5 - Major Features
    • 4.4.6 ISO and DSRC
    • 4.4.7 SAE and DSRC
  • 4.5 Components and Procedures
    • 4.5.1 Components
    • 4.5.2 Procedures
  • 4.6 Major Applications
    • 4.6.1 EPS
  • 4.7 Spectrum - DSRC - International
    • 4.7.1 Channels Designation
  • 4.8 Services
    • 4.8.1 Major Services
    • 4.8.2 Service Categories/QoS
    • 4.8.3 Service Requirements
  • 4.9 Summary: 5.9 GHz DSRC Characteristics
  • 4.10 Benefits and Limitations - 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 4.10.1 General
    • 4.10.2 Toll Industry Benefits
    • 4.10.3 Limitations
  • 4.11 Comparison
    • 4.11.1 915 MHz DSRC and 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 4.11.2 CEN278 (5.8 GHz) DSRC and 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • 4.12 Market Segment
    • 4.12.1 Market Drivers
    • 4.12.2 Market Requirements
    • 4.12.3 Market Estimate
  • 4.13 Industry
    • 4.13.1 Industry Coalition
    • 4.13.2 Recent Progress
    • 4.13.3 Vendors
      • AutoTalks
      • Cohda Wireless
      • Delphi
      • Kapsch
      • NXP
      • Redpine Signals
      • Qualcomm
      • Savari
      • Unex
      • u-blox
  • 4.14 Opinions
  • 4.15 Advancements: 802.11bd

5.0 Cellular Technologies and Connected Car

  • 5.1 Two Groups
  • 5.2 3GPP Activities
    • 5.2.1 Modes of Operations
    • 5.2.2 D2D Communications
    • 5.2.3 C-V2X Broadcast
    • 5.2.4 Performance Comparison
    • 5.2.5 Further Steps
  • 5.3 Industry
    • Autotalks
    • AT&T/Audi-Tesla
    • Broadcom
    • Commsignia
    • Cohda Wireless
    • Ficosa
    • GM
    • Savari
    • Qualcomm

6.0 Comparison: DSRC-802.11p and C-V2X

  • 6.1 General
  • 6.2 Details
    • 6.2.1 Readiness
    • 6.2.2 Networking
    • 6.2.3 Range
    • 6.2.4 Response
    • 6.2.5 Scalability
    • 6.2.6 Economics
    • 6.2.7 Speed of Transmission
    • 6.2.8 Versatility
    • 6.2.9 Telematics
    • 6.2.10 5G Vision
      • 6.2.10.1 Potential Benefits of LTE-based V2X
  • 6.3 Trend

7.0 Connected Car - Groups and Alliances

  • 7.1 Open Automotive Alliance
  • 7.2 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
  • 7.3 Apple - iOS in the Car
  • 7.4 Connected Vehicle to Everything of Tomorrow Consortium (ConVeX)
  • 7.5 WWW Consortium
  • 7.6 GSMA Connected Car Forum
  • 7.7 Car Connectivity Consortium
  • 7.8 Towards 5G Partnership
  • 7.9 5GAA

8.0 Conclusions

Appendix I: Patents Survey - DSRC 5.9 GHz - IEEE 802.11p (2018-2021)

Appendix II: Patents Survey - Cellular V2X (2018-2021)

Appendix III: LTE Technology and Markets

  • A.1 De-Facto Standard
  • A.2 Broadband Wireless Communications Stages
    • A.2.1 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
      • A.2.1.1 Industry Initiative
      • A.2.1.2 LTE Timetable
      • A.2.1.3 3GPP Releases
  • A.3 Key Features of LTE
    • A.3.1 Comparison
  • A.4 Details
    • A.4.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) - eNB
    • A.4.2 UE Categories
    • A.4.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
    • A.4.4 LTE Layers
  • A.5 LTE Advanced
  • A.6 Self-organized Network (SON)
  • A.7 Market: LTE
    • A.7.1 General
    • A.7.2 Market Drivers
    • A.7.3 Demand: Wireless Broadband
    • A.7.4 LTE Market Projections
  • A.8 Summary: LTE Benefits
  • A.9 Industry
    • Altran
    • Cisco
    • CommAgility
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • Lime Microsystems
    • Motorola Solutions
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Sequans
    • TI
    • u-blox
    • ZTE

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Wireless Communications: ITS Environment
  • Figure 2: Europe - Standardization Organizations
  • Figure 3: Standardization Organizations - ITS U.S.
  • Figure 4: NTCIP Structure
  • Figure 5: International -Standardization Bodies
  • Figure 6: Estimate: Global ITS Market ($B)
  • Figure 7: Estimate: ITS WICT- Global Market ($B)
  • Figure 8: ITS Equipment Sales by Regions ($B)
  • Figure 9: NHTSA DSRC Project - Prior 2015
  • Figure 10: NHTSA - Further DSRC Project Development
  • Figure 11: Connected Car: Network Requirements
  • Figure 12: Connected Car: Communications Technologies
  • Figure 13: Estimate - Connected Car Market Value - Global ($B)
  • Figure 14: Estimate - Global - Service Providers Revenue - Connected Car ($B)
  • Figure 15: Estimate - Global Auto Market - CC Sales (Mil.)
  • Figure 16: 5.9 GHz DSRC - Frequencies Allocation and Channelization
  • Figure 17: DSRC - Modified Spectrum
  • Figure 18: Industry Cooperation
  • Figure 19: ITS-5.9 GHz DSRC - Illustration
  • Figure 20: Communications Model - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 21: 802.11p - Communications
  • Figure 22: 1609 Protocols - Illustration
  • Figure 23: Signals Logical Flow - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 24: Collision Detection/Avoidance System
  • Figure 25: Work Zone Warning
  • Figure 26: "Smart" Car
  • Figure 27: DSRC Worldwide - Spectrum Allocation
  • Figure 28: DSRC: Spectrum Allocation Details (Global)
  • Figure 29: Channel Assignment - 5.9 GHz DSRC U.S.
  • Figure 30: 5.9 GHz DSRC Transmission Characteristics and Channelization
  • Figure 31: Spectrum Details - Overlapping Wi-Fi
  • Figure 32: Major Categories-DSRC Services
  • Figure 33: 5.9 GHz DSRC Rate vs. Distance
  • Figure 34: 5.9 GHz DSRC Protocols - Summary
  • Figure 35: Estimate: CC Market Value- U.S. - 5.9 GHz DSRC ($B)
  • Figure 36: C-V2X Modes of Communications
  • Figure 37: 3GPP Schedule - D2D Communications (V2X)
  • Figure 38: D2D Communications - Evolution
  • Figure 39: LTE ProSe Functions - Discovery and Communications
  • Figure 40: Further Evolution - C-V2X
  • Figure 41: Networking
  • Figure 42: C-V2X Development Time Schedule (2019)
  • Figure 43: Evolution Path
  • Figure 44: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
  • Figure 45: Release 15 Timeline
  • Figure 46: Updates (2020) in 3GPP Releases Schedule
  • Figure 47: LTE - IP
  • Figure 48: Major LTE Advantages
  • Figure 49: LTE - Reference Architecture
  • Figure 50: LTE Layers
  • Figure 51: Estimate: LTE-Subscribers' Base-Global (Bil)
  • Figure 52: LTE Equipment Global Sales ($B)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Road Crashes Statistics
  • Table 2: 5G Network Characteristics
  • Table 3: ETSI ITS-G5 Channels and Services
  • Table 4: Service Categories - DSRC
  • Table 5: Users Service Requirements
  • Table 6: Summary: 5.9 GHz DSRC Characteristics
  • Table 7: 5.9 GHz DSRC Benefits
  • Table 8: 915 MHz and 5.9 GHz DSRC Differences
  • Table 9: LTE - D2D and Broadcast Modes - Features
  • Table 10: Major Features - Comparison
  • Table 11: 3GPP Releases
  • Table 12: LTE Initial Characteristics
  • Table 13: Users Equipment Categories (Initial)
  • Table 14: UE Categories - Extended