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市場調查報告書

氣候法規對包裝的影響(-2030)

The Impact of Climate Regulations on Packaging to 2030

出版商 Smithers 商品編碼 980837
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 111 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
氣候法規對包裝的影響(-2030) The Impact of Climate Regulations on Packaging to 2030
出版日期: 2020年09月29日內容資訊: 英文 111 Pages
簡介

自2015年以來,在包裝廢物的環境問題,尤其是塑料包裝污染問題上,已達成廣泛共識。塑料海洋垃圾在全球範圍內的傳播已廣為宣傳。來自發達國家的進口廢物常常加劇了發展中國家未經處理的廢物的例子,突出了採取行動的必要性。新的氣候危機已迫切需要針對二氧化碳生產和污染的全球解決方案。

本報告回顧了全球與氣候相關的包裝法律的變化,闡明了對包裝行業內發展趨勢的影響,對歐盟和歐盟以外的氣候法規以及各種包裝的影響,並分析了對材料和形式的影響,受氣候影響的包裝開發策略以及受氣候影響的供應鏈行為。

目錄

表列表

數位列表

執行摘要

第1章簡介和調查方法

  • 簡介
  • 目的
  • 範圍
  • 調查方法
  • 定義
    • 與法律框架有關的縮寫
    • 與法律框架有關的定義
    • 技術定義
    • 技術縮寫

第2章歐盟氣候法規審查

  • 簡介:需要修改法律
    • 跨成員國的非標準廢物管理
    • 專注於 "減少" 而以 "回收" 為代價
    • 廢物流的變化以及對回收基礎設施的適應
  • 歐盟立法框架概述
  • 全面的立法計劃
    • 循環經濟
    • 歐盟塑料戰略
    • 廢物包裝
    • 歐盟綠色協議
    • New Circular Economy Action Plan (NCEAP)
    • 食品接觸材料(食品接觸材料)
  • 指令和法律
    • Waste Framework Directive (WFD)/廢物框架指令
    • Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD)/包裝廢物指令
    • Single-Use Plastics Directive (SUPD)/一次性塑料禁令
    • Waste shipment regulation (WSR)/廢物運輸法規(WSR)
    • Landfill Directive (LD)/垃圾填埋場指令
    • Sustainable Product Policy Framework/可持續產品政策框架
    • Green claim legislation/綠色主張立法
    • 可生物降解的包裝規定
    • 回收內容監管
  • 新興歐盟和成員國的塑料稅
    • 歐盟塑料稅
    • 英國塑料包裝稅
    • 西班牙和意大利的塑料稅
    • 法國塑料稅
  • 對包裝的影響
    • 包裝設計
    • EPR和稅收
    • 廢物管理

第3章非歐盟包裝氣候法規概述

  • 概述
  • 包裝污染:海洋垃圾和未經處理的廢物
  • 各國的氣候法規
    • 中國
    • 美國
    • 日本
    • 韓國
    • 香港
    • 智利
    • 巴西
    • 馬來西亞
    • 斯里蘭卡
    • 泰國
    • 印度尼西亞
    • 菲律賓
    • 越南
    • 印度
    • 沙特阿拉伯

第4章對各種包裝材料和形式的影響

  • 概述
  • 紙包裝
  • 塑料包裝
    • PET
    • HDPE
    • PVC
    • LDPE
    • PP
    • PS
    • 其他
    • 可生物降解的塑料
  • 金屬包裝
  • 玻璃包裝

第5章氣候調節包裝開發策略

  • 概述
  • 可持續包裝發展戰略
    • 減少材料/資源效率
    • 可回收包裝
    • 可生物降解的包裝
    • 可重複使用的包裝
    • 包裝的回收內容
    • 可持續採購材料
    • 投資廢物管理基礎設施

第6章應對氣候法規的供應鏈行動

  • 概述
  • 材料供應商
    • PCR:Virgin Blend
    • 來自塑料廢料化學回收的原材料
    • 生物質原料
    • 其他發展
  • 廢物管理和回收公司
    • 溶劑溶解
    • Cadel脫墨
    • Erema除臭
    • saperatec層剝離
  • 包裝公司
    • 可回收包裝
    • 回收的內容
    • 可生物降解的包裝
  • 包裝設備供應商
  • 品牌所有者和零售商
    • Procter & Gamble
    • Unilever
    • Nestle
    • Tesco
  • 財團活動
目錄

Plastic pollution and climate change are reshaping packaging legislation up to 2025 in all regions of the world. Package design, materials choices and waste management infrastructure are adjusting to this emerging legislative framework.

Our exclusive content

  • The seven over-arching programs the EU is using to guide its climate-based legal frameworks
  • How climate regulations in the rest of the world are centred around plastic bans, with minimal use of taxation and financial incentives as a lever to encourage sustainable packaging.

Plastic pollution and climate change are reshaping packaging legislation up to 2025 in all regions of the world. Package design, materials choices and waste management infrastructure are adjusting to this emerging legislative framework. The report reviews climate-based packaging legislative changes globally to 2030, and highlights implications on development trends within the packaging industry.

Since 2015, a broad consensus has developed regarding environmental problems of packaging waste, and especially pollution from plastic packaging. The worldwide extent of plastic marine litter has been highly publicised. Examples of mismanaged waste in developing countries, often exacerbated by imported waste from more developed countries, has highlighted the need for action. The emerging climate crisis has created a compelling need for a global solution to both CO2 generation and pollution.

What will you discover?

  • The key characteristics of the EU's future legislative framework
  • The regulations being introduced by the world's ten largest contributors to marine litter
  • The impact of EPR on future packaging design.

Who should buy the report?

  • Packaging converters
  • Brands
  • Packaging manufacturers
  • Raw material suppliers
  • Feedstock material suppliers.

The Smithers methodology

This report is based on extensive primary and secondary research. Primary research consisted of interviews with packaging material suppliers, converters and experts drawn from key markets. This was supported by secondary research in the form of extensive literature analysis of published data, official government statistics, domestic and international trade organisation data, company websites, industry reports, trade press articles, presentations, and attendance at trade events.

About the author

Dr. Neil Rogers is an award-winning package development consultant. He spent 25 years with the Procter & Gamble Company as their global expert in flexible packaging, sustainability, bottle packing & labelling, open innovation and supplier management. He was elected to the board of the CEFLEX Consortium and has also worked for Yara International. He also has extensive experience in R&D, procurement and packaging.

Table of Contents

List of tables

List of figures

Executive summary

1. Introduction and methodology

  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Scope
  • Methodology
  • Definitions
    • Abbreviations relating to legal frameworks
    • Definitions related to legal frameworks
    • Technical definitions
    • Technical abbreviations

2. Review of EU climate regulations to 2030

  • Introduction - the need for legislative change
    • Non-standard waste management across member states
    • Emphasis on 'reduce' at the expense of 'recycle'
    • The changing waste stream and fit with recycling infrastructure
  • Overview of the EU's legislative framework
  • Overarching legislative programmes
    • A circular economy
    • EU plastics strategy
    • Waste package
    • The EU Green Deal
    • New Circular Economy Action Plan (NCEAP)
    • Food contact materials
  • Directives and legislation
    • Waste Framework Directive (WFD)
    • Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD)
    • Single-Use Plastics Directive (SUPD)
    • Waste shipment regulation (WSR)
    • Landfill Directive (LD)
    • Sustainable Product Policy Framework
    • Green claim legislation
    • Biodegradable packaging regulations
    • Recycled content regulations
  • Emerging EU and member state plastic taxes
    • EU plastic tax
    • UK plastic packaging tax
    • Spanish and Italian plastic tax
    • French plastic tax
  • Implications for packaging
    • Package design
    • EPR and taxation
    • Waste management

3. Overview of climate packaging regulations outside the EU

  • Overview
  • Packaging pollution: marine litter and mismanaged waste
  • Individual country climate regulations
    • China
    • USA
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Hong Kong
    • Chile
    • Brazil
    • Malaysia
    • Sri Lanka
    • Thailand
    • Indonesia
    • The Philippines
    • Vietnam
    • India
    • Saudi Arabia

4. Implications for different packaging materials and forms

  • Overview
  • Paper-based packaging
  • Plastic packaging
    • PET
    • HDPE
    • PVC
    • LDPE
    • PP
    • PS
    • Other
    • Biodegradable plastic
  • Metal packaging
  • Glass packaging

5. Package development strategies in response to climate regulations

  • Overview
  • Sustainable package development strategies
    • Material reductions/resource efficiency
    • Recyclable packaging
    • Biodegradable packaging
    • Reusable packaging
    • Recycled content into packaging
    • Sustainably sourced materials
    • Investment in waste management Infrastructure

6. Supply chain action in response to climate regulations

  • Overview
  • Material suppliers
    • PCR-virgin blends
    • Feedstock from chemical recycling of plastic waste
    • Feedstock from biomass
    • Other developments
  • Waste management and recycling companies
    • Solvent dissolution
    • Cadel Deinking
    • Erema deodorisation
    • saperatec layer separation
  • Packaging suppliers
    • Recyclable packaging
    • Recycled content
    • Biodegradable packaging
  • Packing equipment vendors
  • Brand owners and retailers
    • Procter & Gamble
    • Unilever
    • Nestle
    • Tesco
  • Notable consortium activity

List of tables

  • E.1 Summary of the main implications of EU packaging legislation on future package design
  • E.2 Summary of the main implications of EU packaging legislation on future EPR and taxation
  • E.3 Main implications of EU packaging legislation on future package waste management
  • E.4 Updated packaging recycling targets to 2030 arising from the PPWD
  • E.5 An overview of packaging legislation and waste management for the countries considered in this report
  • E.7 Sustainable package development options in differing regions
  • 2.1 Timeof packaging impacts arising from the EU programme for a circular economy
  • 2.2 Timeof improvements for plastics and plastic packaging arising from the EU's plastics strategy
  • 2.3 Main policy areas and scope of the Green Deal
  • 2.4 Timeof main deliverables arising from the New Circular Economy Action Plan (part of the Green Deal)
  • 2.5 Timeof deliverables to increase recycled content for food contact applications
  • 2.6 Examples of EPR levels for different packaging materials in four EU member states
  • 2.7 A timefor updates to the WFD as part of the NCEAP
  • 2.8 Updated packaging recycling targets to 2030, arising from the PPWD
  • 2.9 Current Packaging Essential Requirements Regulations
  • 2.10 Summary of recyclability guidelines from different packaging organisations
  • 2.11 A timeline for planned updates to the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD)
  • 2.12 Targeted plastic articles and associated action steps in the Single-Use Plastics Directive (SUPD)
  • 2.13 Timeof actions arising from the EU's Single-Use Plastics Directive (SUP; Circular Economy Action Plan and Plastics Strategy)
  • 2.14 Timeof updates to the WSR arising from the EU Green Deal
  • 2.15 Timeof updates to the LD arising from the EU Green Deal
  • 2.16 Timefor Biodegradable Packaging Legislation within the EU's circular economy
  • 2.17 Timefor mandating recycled content into plastic packaging
  • 2.18 Overview of EU member state packaging/environmental plastic taxes
  • 2.19 Timeof the major implication on packaging design arising from EU packaging legislation
  • 2.20 Timeof major changes in EPR and taxation from planned EU packaging legislation
  • 2.21 Timeof the major changes in waste management within the EU, arising from planned packaging/environmental legislation
  • 3.1 An overview of environmental packaging legislation for a selection of countries
  • 3.2 An overview of climate regulations with implications for package design, 2016-30
  • 3.3 Plastic products and packaging whose production and sale are prohibited in China
  • 4.1 Qualitative comparison of environmental impact/sustainability and legislation on packaging materials
  • 4.2 Recent developments in the performance of paper packaging to replace plastic packaging
  • 4.3 Recent developments in paper packaging to replace glass packaging
  • 5.1 Sustainability strategies among brand owners and package suppliers
  • 5.2 Definition of recyclability from different packaging organisations
  • 5.3 Recent developments in paper packaging performance to enable plastic packaging replacement
  • 6.1 Sustainable plastics development: resin suppliers and their technology partners
  • 6.2 Properties of nylon/PE-based food packaging across a range of typical pack formats
  • 6.3 Properties of PE mono-materialbased food packaging across a range of typical pack formats
  • 6.4 Properties of PE/EVOH-based food packaging across a range of typical pack formats
  • 6.5 Properties of metallised or oxide coated BOPP/PE type structures for food packaging across a range of typical pack formats
  • 6.6 Analysis of brand owner origins of marine litter across multiple countries, 2019
  • 6.7 Tesco's preferred packaging material list
  • 6.8 Details of consortia activity for sustainable packaging

List of figures

  • E.1 An overview of EU Climate Regulation from 2015 to 2025, with implications for package design
  • E.2 EU Waste Hierarchy and relationship to linear and circular economies
  • E.3 EU EPR plans, based on layers of different EPR charges
  • 2.1 The EU's legal framework for packaging-relevant environmental legislation
  • 2.2 The EU's Waste Hierarchy and how the linear and circular economy fit into this hirearchy
  • 2.3 The main policy areas of the EU's Green Deal
  • 2.4 Future EPR plans, based on layers of different EPR charges
  • 3.1 The top plastic polluting countries by weight and for mismanaged waste and marine litter
  • 3.2 Percentage of plastic waste that is mismanaged per country in 2010
  • 3.3 Sources of plastic marine litter
  • 5.1 EU Waste Hierarchy showing linear and circular economy fit