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表紙
市場調查報告書

海底通信電纜海事服務

Marine Services for Undersea Telecom Cables

出版商 Pioneer Consulting 商品編碼 986059
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
海底通信電纜海事服務 Marine Services for Undersea Telecom Cables
出版日期: 2021年04月09日內容資訊: 英文
簡介

電信海事服務市場已經成熟了 100 多年,並且仍然像今天一樣發展。最大的海事服務提供商(Global Marine、SubCom、ASN、Orange Marine 等)以不同的方式運營,但為海底電纜系統的安裝和維護提供了一套成熟的服務

本報告評估了海洋服務交付的當前存量和結構,並根據海底電信市場的廣泛趨勢對影響海洋服務行業的市場領域進行了分析。

目錄

第 1 章執行摘要

第 2 章介紹

第 3 章深海海洋服務:安裝和維修

  • 深海作業概述
  • 深海價值鏈說明
  • 深海作業專用的船舶/設備
  • 主要問題和趨勢

第 4 章淺海海洋服務:安裝和維修

  • 淺水作業概述
  • 海上維護
  • 專用於淺水作業的船舶/設備
  • 主要問題和趨勢

第 5 章海洋研究市場

  • 海底通信電纜勘測概述
  • 研究市場在維護和檢查中的作用
  • 海底通信電纜調查
  • 主要研究公司
  • 主要研究設備/資產
  • 電纜安裝的最佳研究/路徑
  • 線路和電纜工程

第六章維修安排

  • 俱樂部合同
  • 私人維護合同
  • 維修市場的新發展
  • 淺水維護

第7章海底電纜存儲

  • 世界各地的電纜站
  • 萬向節 (UJ)

第8章市場進入公司

  • 交鑰匙系統供應商/安裝商
    • SubCom
    • Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN)
  • 船用安裝商
    • Orange Marine
    • NTT/NTT WE Marine
    • KDDI/KCS
    • Optic Marine
    • Limin Marine and Offshore
    • ASEAN Cableship Pte Ltd
    • S. B. Submarine Systems Co., Ltd. (SBSS)
  • 淺水安裝公司
    • Caldwell Marine International
    • Harbor Offshore, Inc.
    • Durocher Marine
    • Van Oord
    • Maritech
    • Great Eastern Group
    • Optic Marine
    • Marine Consultants & Contractors (MCC)
    • ASEAN Cableship Pte Ltd
  • 系統供應商和電纜製造商
    • Nippon Electric Company (NEC)
    • Huawei Marine Networks (HMN)
    • Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke (NSW)
    • Nexans
  • 設備供應商
  • 監管管理服務
  • 環境管理服務

第9章安裝成本和進度估算工具

第十章技術與發展趨勢

第 11 章結論和觀察

目錄

Executive Summary:

Objective

Marine Services for Undersea Cables is an update to Pioneer Consulting's first Marine and Technology Assessment Report published in 2011. This report provides an updated overview of the marine services market for undersea telecommunications cables including the key players, current trends affecting the submarine cable industry and the technical requirements for these services.

This report takes the opportunity to evaluate the current stock and structure of marine services provision. Based on this, and the wider trends across the submarine telecommunications marketplace, we provide analysis for the market areas impacting the marine services industry.

The function of this report is to look solely at the marine services marketplace for submarine telecommunications cable systems. However, this market does not exist in isolation, so we have considered the trends in adjacent industries (such as oil, gas, power cables and wind farms) that have impacted vessel availability. We have come to the conclusion that although the impact can be significant, overall, it is in the interests of companies that choose to offer services in both markets to retain a diversified portfolio of assets, so they depend on neither for survival.

Report Summary

Submarine Telecommunications Marine Services Market

The market for telecommunications marine services has matured over a period of more than 100 years reach its present state of development. The largest providers of marine services (companies such as Global Marine, SubCom, ASN and Orange Marine) operate in different ways but provide a mature and assured set of services for the installation and maintenance of undersea cable systems. The market is currently supporting marine services supplied by:

  • Submarine telecommunications cable owners and operators
  • System suppliers
  • Independent marine services suppliers (including vessel operators and services suppliers).

The market can be further segmented by the processes required in the telecommunications cable marketplace. This includes activities such as feasibility and desktop study, software and charting services, survey and route engineering, shallow and deep-water marine installation, jointing technology, marine repair and maintenance, depot services, provision of equipment to marine service providers and personnel services to resource these activities.

Perhaps the greatest value in this report is the comprehensive information concerning the detailed activities and infrastructure that makeup the survey and installation marketplace. The tutorial-level of information is provided for the vessel, their services, the nature of marine installation and maintenance agreements, storage, and many other ancillary services. This attention to the details enables the reader to have the foundation to assess for themselves the strengths of their commercial and market transactions.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. OBJECTIVE
  • 1.2. REPORT SUMMARY
    • 1.2.1. Submarine Telecommunications Marine Services Market
    • 1.2.2. Changes in the Past Decade
    • 1.2.3. Vessels
    • 1.2.4. Services
    • 1.2.5. The Future

CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. MARINE SERVICE MARKET ASSUMPTIONS AND DEFINITIONS
  • 2.2. OVERVIEW OF THE MARINE SERVICES MARKET FOR SUBMARINE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABLE
  • 2.3. INDUSTRY BACKGROUND
  • 2.4. INSTALLATION - DEEP AND SHALLOW WATER
  • 2.5. REPAIR - DEEP AND SHALLOW WATER
  • 2.6. MARINE SURVEY
  • 2.7. CABLE STORAGE

CHAPTER 3: DEEP WATER MARINE SERVICES - INSTALLATION AND REPAIR

  • 3.1. DEEP WATER OPERATIONS OVERVIEW
    • 3.1.1. Pre-Lay Grapnel Run
      • 3.1.1.1. PLGR Equipment
        • 3.1.1.1.1. Dynamometer
        • 3.1.1.1.2. Rope and Grapnel Rigging
        • 3.1.1.1.3. Vessel Speed
        • 3.1.1.1.4. Number of Passes
        • 3.1.1.1.5. Periodic Check of Grapnels
        • 3.1.1.1.6. Active Cable Crossings
        • 3.1.1.1.7. Disposal of Recovered Debris
    • 3.1.2. Route Clearance
      • 3.1.2.1. Permission and Notifications
      • 3.1.2.2. Types of Out of Service Cables
        • 3.1.2.2.1. Corridor Width
        • 3.1.2.2.2. Recovery and Repositioning Operations
    • 3.1.3. FAD Avoidance
    • 3.1.4. Vessel Loading
      • 3.1.4.1. Vessel Loading Planning and Coordination
      • 3.1.4.2. Load Plan
      • 3.1.4.3. Load Rates
      • 3.1.4.4. Single-Dual Load Lines
      • 3.1.4.5. Level Loading
      • 3.1.4.6. Cable Stow
      • 3.1.4.7. Down Runners and Up Runners
      • 3.1.4.8. Repeater Stowage
      • 3.1.4.9. Rigging
      • 3.1.4.10. Transporters
      • 3.1.4.11. Cable Counters
      • 3.1.4.12. Cable Path
      • 3.1.4.13. Dunnage
      • 3.1.4.14. Keystone and Plastic Sheeting
      • 3.1.4.15. Cable Handling Guidelines
      • 3.1.4.16. Spare Cable/Repeaters
      • 3.1.4.17. Impactographs
      • 3.1.4.18. Factory As-Built Information
      • 3.1.4.19. System Schematic
      • 3.1.4.20. Freighters
      • 3.1.4.21. Barges
      • 3.1.4.22. 40 Foot Open Top Containers
      • 3.1.4.23. Transporting PLSE Containers
      • 3.1.4.24. Transits
    • 3.1.5. Installation
      • 3.1.5.1. Start of Deep Sea Lay Operations
        • 3.1.5.1.1. Direct Landings
        • 3.1.5.1.2. Recovery of Pre-laid Shore Ends
        • 3.1.5.1.3. Recovery of Deep Sea Cable Ends
    • 3.1.6. Laying Operations
      • 3.1.6.1. Cable Slack
      • 3.1.6.2. Managing Cable Slack
      • 3.1.6.3. Burial Operations
      • 3.1.6.4. End of Lay Operations
        • 3.1.6.4.1. Buoy Operations
        • 3.1.6.4.2. Streamed Ends
        • 3.1.6.4.3. Final Splices and Final Bights
      • 3.1.6.5. Post Lay Burial and Inspection (PLIB)
        • 3.1.6.5.1. Post Lay Burial (PLB)
        • 3.1.6.5.2. Post Lay Inspection (PLI)
        • 3.1.6.5.3. Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs)
        • 3.1.6.5.4. Water Jetting Systems
        • 3.1.6.5.5. ROV Launch and Recovery Systems (LARS)
        • 3.1.6.5.6. Cable Tracking Devices
        • 3.1.6.5.7. Active and Passive Modes of Operation
        • 3.1.6.5.8. Sonar
        • 3.1.6.5.9. Subsurface Positioning
      • 3.1.6.6. Touchdown Monitoring (TDM)
    • 3.1.7. Branching Units
      • 3.1.7.1. BU Terminology
      • 3.1.7.2. First Branch Leg Installation
      • 3.1.7.3. Second Branch Leg Installation
      • 3.1.7.4. Stub Tail Splicing Operation
      • 3.1.7.5. Branching Repeater Overboarding
    • 3.1.8. Cable Jointing
      • 3.1.8.1. Installation Splices
      • 3.1.8.2. Initial Splice
      • 3.1.8.3. Final Splice
      • 3.1.8.4. Repair Splices
      • 3.1.8.5. Typical Cable Joint Process
      • 3.1.8.6. Fusion Splicing
      • 3.1.8.7. Cleavers
      • 3.1.8.8. Fusion Splicing Machines
      • 3.1.8.9. The Fusion Process
    • 3.1.9. Shipboard Testing
      • 3.1.9.1. Shipboard Testing Facilities
      • 3.1.9.2. Power Feed Equipment
      • 3.1.9.3. Shipboard Power Safety
      • 3.1.9.4. Coherent Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (COTDR)
      • 3.1.9.5. Optical Spectrum Analyzer (OSA)
      • 3.1.9.6. Megohmmeter (Megger)
      • 3.1.9.7. Optical Power Meters
      • 3.1.9.8. Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR)
      • 3.1.9.9. Tone Generator
      • 3.1.9.10. Shipboard Tests Vessel Loading
        • 3.1.9.10.1. Daily Tests
        • 3.1.9.10.2. Assembled Shipload Testing (ASL)
        • 3.1.9.10.3. Start of Lay Testing-Beach Landing
        • 3.1.9.10.4. Start of Lay Testing-Streamed Ends
        • 3.1.9.10.5. Start of Lay Testing-Initial Splice Testing
        • 3.1.9.10.6. Main Lay Cable Testing
        • 3.1.9.10.7. Final Splice/End of Lay Testing
        • 3.1.9.10.8. Cable Jointing Testing
        • 3.1.9.10.9. Spare Wet Plant Testing Considerations and Procedures
    • 3.1.10. Cable/Pipeline Crossings
    • 3.1.11. Industry Recommendations
    • 3.1.12. Cable Routing
    • 3.1.13. Crossing Agreements
    • 3.1.14. Cable Crossings Guidelines
    • 3.1.15. Like to Like Cable Types
    • 3.1.16. Repeaters Near Cable Crossings
    • 3.1.17. Cable Bights Near Crossings
    • 3.1.18. Branching Units Near Crossings
    • 3.1.19. Burial Operations Near Crossings
    • 3.1.20. Burial Operations Near Crossings
    • 3.1.21. Parallel Cable Routing
    • 3.1.22. Narrow Passages/Shore End Approaches
    • 3.1.23. Pipeline Crossings
    • 3.1.24. Pipeline Crossing Agreements
    • 3.1.25. Cable Pipeline Separation
    • 3.1.26. Protective Sleeves
    • 3.1.27. Concrete Mattresses
    • 3.1.28. Repairs
    • 3.1.29. ROV Cut and Recovery
  • 3.2. DESCRIPTION OF DEEP-WATER VALUE CHAIN
    • 3.2.1. Desk Top Study
    • 3.2.2. Marine Cable Route Survey
    • 3.2.3. Cable Engineering
    • 3.2.4. Manufacturing and Integration
    • 3.2.5. Deep Sea Installation
    • 3.2.6. Documentation
    • 3.2.7. Maintenance
  • 3.3. VESSELS/EQUIPMENT SPECIFIC TO DEEP WATER OPERATIONS
    • 3.3.1. Equipment
      • 3.3.1.1. Cable Engines
      • 3.3.1.2. Cable Drum Engines
      • 3.3.1.3. Linear Cable Engines (LCEs)
      • 3.3.1.4. Cable Counters
      • 3.3.1.5. Dynamometers
      • 3.3.1.6. Navigational Equipment
      • 3.3.1.7. Dynamic Positioning (DP)
      • 3.3.1.8. Echo Sounders
    • 3.3.2. Technical Specifications
    • 3.3.3. Economics
  • 3.4. KEY ISSUES AND TRENDS
    • 3.4.1. Multipurpose Vessels
    • 3.4.2. Current Cableship Fleet
    • 3.4.3. Sea Plow Capabilities
    • 3.4.4. Cable Laying Software
    • 3.4.5. Dynamic Positioning (DP) Requirements and Capabilities

CHAPTER 4: SHALLOW WATER MARINE SERVICES - INSTALLATION AND REPAIR

  • 4.1. SHALLOW WATER OPERATIONS OVERVIEW
    • 4.1.1.1. Planning and Logistics of Shore End Landings
    • 4.1.1.2. Types of Shore End Cable Protection
    • 4.1.1.3. Unburied Shore End Landings
    • 4.1.1.4. Buried Shore End Landings
    • 4.1.1.5. Cable Protection Measures
    • 4.1.1.6. Beach Trenching
    • 4.1.1.7. Beach Conduits
    • 4.1.1.8. Diver Inspection
    • 4.1.1.9. Beach Restoration
    • 4.1.1.10. Interface with Terrestrial Cable Installation Operations
    • 4.1.2. Direct Landings
      • 4.1.2.1. Shore End Pull-In Methods
      • 4.1.2.2. Deadman Anchors
      • 4.1.2.3. Pull in Operations
      • 4.1.2.4. Armor Clamp
    • 4.1.3. Pre-Laid Shore Ends (PLSE)
      • 4.1.3.1. Shallow Water Restrictions
      • 4.1.3.2. Shallow Water Alter Courses
      • 4.1.3.3. Navigational Hazards
      • 4.1.3.4. Seasonal Restrictions
      • 4.1.3.5. Cost Efficiencies
      • 4.1.3.6. Deep Burial Requirements
      • 4.1.3.7. Planning and Engineering PLSEs
      • 4.1.3.8. Manufacturing and Shipping Considerations
      • 4.1.3.9. Depth of Water Considerations
      • 4.1.3.10. Cable Jointing
      • 4.1.3.11. Daytime Operations vs. 24 Hour Operations
      • 4.1.3.12. Testing
      • 4.1.3.13. Shallow Water Cable Protection
    • 4.1.4. Articulated Pipe
    • 4.1.5. Shallow Water Trenching
    • 4.1.6. Diver Jetting
      • 4.1.6.1. Airlifting
      • 4.1.6.2. Water Dredging
    • 4.1.7. Horizontal Directional Drilling
  • 4.2. MARINE MAINTENANCE
  • 4.3. VESSELS/EQUIPMENT SPECIFIC TO SHALLOW WATER OPERATION
    • 4.3.1. Equipment (Including Cable Protection Equipment)
    • 4.3.2. Technical Specifications
      • 4.3.2.1. Four Point Mooring Tug and Barge
      • 4.3.2.2. Shallow Water DP Vessels
      • 4.3.2.3. Beachable Vessels
    • 4.3.3. Shallow Water Burial Tools
    • 4.3.4. Role of Permitting in Vessel Selection
    • 4.3.5. Economics
  • 4.4. KEY ISSUES AND TRENDS-SHALLOW WATER OPERATIONS
    • 4.4.1. Self-Performed vs. Subcontracted Services
    • 4.4.2. Every Landing Has Unique Requirements

CHAPTER 5: MARINE SURVEY MARKET

  • 5.1. OVERVIEW OF SURVEY FOR SUBMARINE TELECOM CABLES
  • 5.2. SURVEY MARKET ROLE IN MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
  • 5.3. SURVEYS FOR UNDERSEA TELECOM CABLE
    • 5.3.1. Desk Top Study/Cable Route Study
    • 5.3.2. Site Visits
    • 5.3.3. Inshore Survey and Beach Survey
    • 5.3.4. Offshore Survey
      • 5.3.4.1. Multibeam Echo Sounding (MBES) or Swath Bathymetry
      • 5.3.4.2. Side-scan Sonar (SSS)
      • 5.3.4.3. Sub-Bottom Profiling (SBP)
      • 5.3.4.4. Seabed Samples
      • 5.3.4.5. Burial Assessment Survey (BAS), CPTs
      • 5.3.4.6. In-Service Cable Crossings (Magnetometry)
      • 5.3.4.7. Branching Units (BUs) and Planned Cable Crossings
      • 5.3.4.8. Charting and Survey Reports
    • 5.3.5. Port, Harbor and Coastal Surveys
    • 5.3.6. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV)
    • 5.3.7. Airborne LIDAR Bathymetry
  • 5.4. KEY SURVEY COMPANIES
    • 5.4.1. Fugro
    • 5.4.2. EGS
    • 5.4.3. Other Survey Companies and Vessels of Opportunity
      • 5.4.3.1. Oceaneering International, Inc.
      • 5.4.3.2. Terrasond
      • 5.4.3.3. Elettra (Orange Marine)
      • 5.4.3.4. Williamson & Associates:
      • 5.4.3.5. Maritech
      • 5.4.3.6. Gardline Geosurvey Limited
      • 5.4.3.7. GEMS Survey
      • 5.4.3.8. IT International Telecom
      • 5.4.3.9. Additional Survey Resources
  • 5.5. KEY SURVEY EQUIPMENT/ASSETS
    • 5.5.1. Multibeam Echosounders (MBES), Swath Bathymetry
    • 5.5.2. Side-scan Sonar (SSS)
    • 5.5.3. Sub-Bottom Profilers (SBP)
    • 5.5.4. Magnetometers
    • 5.5.5. Seabed Sampling
    • 5.5.6. Cone Penetrometer Tests (CPTs)
    • 5.5.7. Towed Continuous E-BAS Equipment
    • 5.5.8. Ultra-Short Baseline (USBL) Acoustic Positioning
  • 5.6. BETTER SURVEY STUDIES/ROUTES FOR CABLE INSTALLATION
  • 5.7. ROUTE AND CABLE ENGINEERING
    • 5.7.1. Route Selection
    • 5.7.2. ICPC Recommendations
    • 5.7.3. Burial Requirements
    • 5.7.4. Cable Selection
    • 5.7.5. Cable Slack Allocation
    • 5.7.6. Initial and Final Splices, Branching Units and Cable Allowances

CHAPTER 6: MAINTENANCE ARRANGEMENTS

  • 6.1. CLUB AGREEMENTS
    • 6.1.1. Atlantic Cable Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.1.2. 2. Oceans Cable Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.1.3. Mediterranean Cable Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.1.4. North American Zone Cable Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.1.5. South East Asia/India Ocean Cable Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.1.6. Yokohama Zone Cable Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.1.7. Pacific and Indian Ocean Cable Mutual Agreement
  • 6.2. PRIVATE MAINTENANCE AGREEMENTS
    • 6.2.1. Atlantic Private Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.2.2. Asia Pacific Marine Maintenance Service Agreement
    • 6.2.3. E-Marine
    • 6.2.4. South Pacific Marine Maintenance Agreement
    • 6.2.5. Northern Pacific Marine Maintenance Service Agreement
    • 6.2.6. IT International Telecom - Sentinel Maintenance
    • 6.2.7. BSC Submarine Cable Maintenance
  • 6.3. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MAINTENANCE MARKET
    • 6.3.1. Alternatives to the Traditional Maintenance Agreement Model
  • 6.4. SHALLOW WATER MAINTENANCE
    • 6.4.1. Shallow Water Inspections

CHAPTER 7: SUBMARINE CABLE STORAGE

  • 7.1. CABLE DEPOTS AROUND THE WORLD
    • 7.1.1. SubCom
    • 7.1.2. Global Marine Systems Limited (GMSL)
      • 7.1.2.1. Bermuda Cable Depot
      • 7.1.2.2. GMSL Portland Depot
    • 7.1.3. Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN)
      • 7.1.3.1. Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN) Cable Factory in Calais
    • 7.1.4. Orange Marine
      • 7.1.4.1. Brest, France - The Atlantic Marine Base
      • 7.1.4.2. Catania, Italy Depot
      • 7.1.4.3. La Seyne Sur Mer, France
    • 7.1.5. E-Marine PJSC
    • 7.1.6. S. B. Submarine Systems Co., Ltd. (SBSS)
    • 7.1.7. Kokusai Cable Ship Co., Ltd (KCS)
    • 7.1.8. KT Submarine (KTS)
    • 7.1.9. Baltic Offshore
    • 7.1.10. IT International Telecom
      • 7.1.10.1. The Atlantic Facility
      • 7.1.10.2. The Pacific Facility
    • 7.1.11. Subsea Network Services
  • 7.2. UNIVERSAL JOINT (UJ)
    • 7.2.1. Locations of UJC Member Companies Jointer Training Schools
    • 7.2.2. Introduction to Jointer Training
    • 7.2.3. New Technology Transfer
    • 7.2.4. UJC Training Standard
    • 7.2.5. Training Course Syllabus

CHAPTER 8: MARKET PARTICIPANTS

  • 8.1. Turnkey System Suppliers / Installers
    • 8.1.1. SubCom
    • 8.1.2. Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN)
  • 8.2. MARINE INSTALLATION PROVIDERS
    • 8.2.1. Orange Marine
    • 8.2.2. NTT/NTT WE Marine
    • 8.2.3. KDDI/KCS
    • 8.2.4. Optic Marine
    • 8.2.5. Limin Marine and Offshore
    • 8.2.6. ASEAN Cableship Pte Ltd
    • 8.2.7. S. B. Submarine Systems Co., Ltd. (SBSS)
  • 8.3. SHALLOW WATER INSTALLATION COMPANIES
    • 8.3.1. Caldwell Marine International
    • 8.3.2. Harbor Offshore, Inc.
    • 8.3.3. Durocher Marine
    • 8.3.4. Van Oord
    • 8.3.5. Maritech
    • 8.3.6. Great Eastern Group
    • 8.3.7. Optic Marine
    • 8.3.8. Marine Consultants & Contractors (MCC)
    • 8.3.9. ASEAN Cableship Pte Ltd
  • 8.4. SYSTEM SUPPLIERS AND CABLE MANUFACTURERS
    • 8.4.1. Nippon Electric Company (NEC)
    • 8.4.2. Huawei Marine Networks (HMN)
    • 8.4.3. Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke (NSW)
    • 8.4.4. Nexans
  • 8.5. EQUIPMENT PROVIDERS
    • 8.5.1. Route Survey Equipment Providers
    • 8.5.2. Cable Burial Equipment Providers
    • 8.5.3. Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) Providers
    • 8.5.4. Cable Handling Equipment Providers
    • 8.5.5. Cable Deployment and Monitoring Software Systems
  • 8.6. REGULATORY MANAGEMENT SERVICES
  • 8.7. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SERVICES

CHAPTER 9: INSTALLATION COST AND SCHEDULE ESTIMATING TOOLS

  • 9.1. INSTALLATION COST AND SCHEDULE ESTIMATING
  • 9.2. PIONEER CONSULTING GOCABLE.IO
  • 9.3. MAKAIPLAN
  • 9.4. OPERATIONAL PRODUCTION RATES

CHAPTER 10: TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

  • 10.1. PLOWING EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
  • 10.2. JETTING EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
  • 10.3. JOINTING EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
    • 10.3.1. Universal Jointing (UJ)
    • 10.3.2. Proprietary Manufacturers' Jointing
  • 10.4. DEVELOPMENT OF BURIAL TOOLS
    • 10.4.1. Increased Bollard Pull (from 40-60 Tonnes to 150 Tonnes)
    • 10.4.2. 3. Meter (Jetting) Plows
    • 10.4.3. 3. Meter ROV Jetting Packages
    • 10.4.4. 5. Meter Plows
  • 10.5. DEVELOPMENTS IN ROUTE PLANNING
    • 10.5.1. Digital Terrain Modeling-Minimizing Unsupported Cable Spans
    • 10.5.2. Burial Assessment Surveys-Improving Burial Results and Confirming Armor Decisions
    • 10.5.3. Automated Identification System for Desk Top Study Route Planning
    • 10.5.4. DTS Marine Surveys
    • 10.5.5. Drones
  • 10.6. DYNAMIC POSITIONING IMPROVEMENT-IMPROVING CABLE POSITIONING AND SLACK MANAGEMENT
  • 10.7. DEVELOPMENT IN CABLE LAYING CONTROL SYSTEMS-MINIMIZING LOOPS AND UNSUPPORTED SPANS
  • 10.8. TOUCHDOWN MONITORING-VALIDATING CABLE BOTTOM POSITION AND/OR BURIAL
  • 10.9. POST-LAY INSPECTION (PLI)-VALIDATING BURIAL DATA
  • 10.10. CABLE AWARENESS-CABLE AWARENESS CHARTS, FISHERIES LIAISON
  • 10.11. SHALLOW WATER PROTECTION-HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING, SPLIT PIPE, CABLE PINNING

CHAPTER 11: CONCLUSIONS AND OBSERVATIONS

  • 11.1. OBSERVATIONS
    • 11.1.1. Submarine Telecommunications Marine Services Market
    • 11.1.2. Vessels
    • 11.1.3. Services
    • 11.1.4. The Future

List of Figures

  • Figure 3-1: Typical Grapnel Rigging
  • Figure 3-2: Debris Recovered During a PLGR
  • Figure 3-3: Route Clearance Operation
  • Figure 3-4: Low Profile Anchor and Slip Lines
  • Figure 3-5: Fishing areas where dFADs are Used
  • Figure 3-6: Bamboo Raft dFAD
  • Figure 3-7: dFAD with Radio Transmitter
  • Figure 3-8: dFAD Suspended Objects
  • Figure 3-9: Load Plan
  • Figure 3-10: How Cable is Coiled
  • Figure 3-11: Up and Down Runners on a Cableship
  • Figure 3-12: Trailing Cable
  • Figure 3-13: Example of a Repeater Stack
  • Figure 3-14: Cable Transporter
  • Figure 3-15: Armor Cable with Keystone
  • Figure 3-16: Protection of Cables
  • Figure 3-17: Spare Repeater Rack
  • Figure 3-18: Impactograph
  • Figure 3-19: Temporary Cable Tanks and Temporary Repeater Storage Racks
  • Figure 3-20: Standard Barge Outfitted with a Cable Tank
  • Figure 3-21: 40 Foot Open Top Container
  • Figure 3-22: Various Modes of PLSE Transport
  • Figure 3-23: An Example of Direct Landing
  • Figure 3-24: ROV's Gripper Attachment
  • Figure 3-25: Correctly Applying Cable Slack for Deployment
  • Figure 3-26: Towed Sea Plow
  • Figure 3-27: Deployment of a Cable Buoy
  • Figure 3-28: Typical Rigging for a Streamed Cable End
  • Figure 3-29: Joining Cables Together
  • Figure 3-30: ROV with Water Jetting Swords
  • Figure 3-31: ROV Video Stills
  • Figure 3-32: Trenching ROV with Jetting Swords Extended
  • Figure 3-33: Launch and Recovery System for Deploying ROVs
  • Figure 3-34: Cable Tracking Device
  • Figure 3-35: Sonar Image from an ROV Operation
  • Figure 3-36: An Acoustic Pulse
  • Figure 3-37: Touchdown Monitoring
  • Figure 3-38: An Example of a Branching Unit Positioning
  • Figure 3-39: Branching Unit Assembly
  • Figure 3-40: Adjustments to Cable Route and Buoys
  • Figure 3-41: Sequence of Operations for Installing a Branching Unit
  • Figure 3-42: Initial Splice Deployment
  • Figure 3-43: Final Splice Deployment
  • Figure 3-44: Deployment of Repair Splice and Bight
  • Figure 3-45: The Splicing Process
  • Figure 3-46: Cleaning Bare Fibers
  • Figure 3-47: Fiber Cleaver
  • Figure 3-48: Automatic Alignment of Fiber Cores
  • Figure 3-49: A Fusion Splicer
  • Figure 3-50: Typical Power Feed Equipment
  • Figure 3-51: COTDR Testing Instrument
  • Figure 3-52: COTDR Trace
  • Figure 3-53: OSA Trace
  • Figure 3-54: Megohmmeter (Megger)
  • Figure 3-55: Measuring Power with a Power Meter
  • Figure 3-56: OTDR and an OTDR Trace
  • Figure 3-57: Tone Generator and a Tone Detector
  • Figure 3-58: A Beach Master Overseeing a Shore End Landing
  • Figure 3-59: Start of Cable Lay
  • Figure 3-60: Initial Splice Deployment
  • Figure 3-61: Final Bight Deployment
  • Figure 3-62: Acceptable and Unacceptable Crossing Angles
  • Figure 3-63: Avoiding Amor/Unarmored Crossings
  • Figure 3-64: Applying Protective Sleeves
  • Figure 3-65: Water Depth Recommendation between Repeaters and Cable Crossings
  • Figure 3-66: Cable Bights Near Crossing
  • Figure 3-67: Branching Unit Placement
  • Figure 3-68: Parallel Cable Routing
  • Figure 3-69: Using Protective Sleeves for Cable and Pipe Line Separation
  • Figure 3-70: Using Concrete Blocks
  • Figure 3-71: Constructed Rock Berms
  • Figure 3-72: Repair Steps
  • Figure 3-73: A Cableship Cross Section
  • Figure 3-74: Cable Drums
  • Figure 3-75: A Typical LCE
  • Figure 3-76: Typical Cable Counter
  • Figure 3-77: Installing Dynamometers
  • Figure 3-78: Navigational Equipment Screen
  • Figure 3-79: GPS Satellites
  • Figure 3-80: Environmental Forces and Propulsion Systems
  • Figure 3-81: Echo Sounder System
  • Figure 3-82: M/V Ndeavor
  • Figure 3-83: CS Global Symphony
  • Figure 3-84: Three ships working in close proximity at Horn Mountain (BP GOM)
  • Figure 4-1: Cable Pinning
  • Figure 4-2: Measurement of a 2 Meter Burial
  • Figure 4-3: Steel Conduits
  • Figure 4-4: Diver Inspection of a Cable
  • Figure 4-5: A Wire Winch
  • Figure 4-6: Pulling around a Quadrant
  • Figure 4-7: A Turnaround Sheave
  • Figure 4-8: Using a Deadman Anchor
  • Figure 4-9: Typical Shore End Landing
  • Figure 4-10: Use of an Armor Clamp
  • Figure 4-11: PLSE Shore End Landing
  • Figure 4-12: Injector and Rock Saw Operations for Deep Burial
  • Figure 4-13: Articulated Pipe
  • Figure 4-14: Diver Assisted Jetting Sled
  • Figure 4-15: Diver Jetting
  • Figure 4-16: A Required Pipe Conduit
  • Figure 4-17: Common Equipment Used in Shallow Water Installation
  • Figure 4-18: Typical Tug and Barge Burial Operation
  • Figure 4-19: Shallow Water Work
  • Figure 4-20: A Beachable Landing Craft
  • Figure 4-21: Jack up Barge and Catamaran
  • Figure 4-22: Self Propelled Jetting Tool Burying Cable
  • Figure 4-23: Shallow Water Plow Burying Cable
  • Figure 4-24: Self Propelled Rock Trencher
  • Figure 5-1: Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
  • Figure 5-2: Airborne LIDAR Bathymetry
  • Figure 5-3: OSV Geo Energy
  • Figure 5-4: DSV Ocean Project
  • Figure 5-5: RV Urbano Monti
  • Figure 5-6: MPSV Ocean Surveyor
  • Figure 5-7: Hull Mounted MBES Transducers (Simrad/Kongsberg EM300 and EM1000)
  • Figure 5-8: Swath Bathymetry (Hull Mounted)
  • Figure 5-9: Example of Charted Cable Route Bathymetry
  • Figure 5-10: Side-scan Sonar Towfish
  • Figure 5-11: Side-scan Sonar Depiction
  • Figure 5-12: Slant Range Correction
  • Figure 5-13: Sub-bottom Reflection
  • Figure 5-14: Sub-bottom Profile, Co-located Against Side-scan Sonar Data
  • Figure 5-15: SeaSpy Magnetometer
  • Figure 5-16: Magnetic Anomaly
  • Figure 5-17: Gravity Corer (left) and Grab Sampler (right)
  • Figure 5-18: Mini-CPT Rig
  • Figure 5-19: CPT Sensors: Standard Load Cells (a), Piezocone (b)
  • Figure 5-20: Interpreted CPT Log
  • Figure 5-21: C-BASS Towed E-BAS Sled
  • Figure 5-22: USBL Head (usually pole mounted)
  • Figure 6-1: Atlantic Cable Maintenance Agreement Zone
  • Figure 6-2: 2 Oceans Cable Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-3: Mediterranean Cable Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-4: North American Zone Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-5: South East Asia / Indian Ocean Cable Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-6: Yokohama Zone Cable Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-7: Atlantic Private Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-8: Asia Pacific Marine Maintenance Service Agreement
  • Figure 6-9: E-Marine
  • Figure 6-10: South Pacific Marine Maintenance Agreement
  • Figure 6-11: Northern Pacific Marine Maintenance Service Agreement
  • Figure 6-12: BSC Maintenance Coverage
  • Figure 6-13: Harbor Offshore Shallow Water Repair
  • Figure 7-1: SubCom Cable Depot Locations
  • Figure 7-2: SubCom Jointing Services and Cable Maintenance
  • Figure 7-3: GMSL Bermuda Cable Depot
  • Figure 7-4: GMSL Portland (UK) Cable Depot Training Facility
  • Figure 7-5: OM's Depots at Brest, Catania and La Seyne Sur Mer
  • Figure 7-6: The Atlantic Marine Base in Brest, France
  • Figure 7-7: Elettra Cable Depot-Catania, Sicily
  • Figure 7-8: The Mediterranean Marine Base in La Seyne-sur-Mer
  • Figure 7-9: E-marine Cable Depot
  • Figure 7-10: SBSS Maintenance Depot Services in Wujing, Shanghai, China
  • Figure 7-11: SBSS Wujing Cable Depot
  • Figure 7-12: Wujing Depot
  • Figure 7-13: Wujing Depot Plan
  • Figure 7-14: KCS Cable Depot
  • Figure 7-15: KTS Cable Depot
  • Figure 7-16: KTS Depot Location
  • Figure 7-17: Baltic Offshore Cable Depot
  • Figure 7-18: Baltic Offshore Depot, Port of Kalmar, Sweden
  • Figure 7-19: IT International Telecom Depot Facility in Halifax, Canada
  • Figure 7-20: IT International Telecom Depot Location, Halifax
  • Figure 7-21: Sembawang Cable Depot Location
  • Figure 7-22: Cable Tanks at SNS Cable Depot, Singapore
  • Figure 8-1: SubCom Cable Manufacturing Plant
  • Figure 8-2: SubCom Cable Depot
  • Figure 8-3: SubCom Cableships
  • Figure 8-4: ASN Cable Manufacturing Plant
  • Figure 8-5: ASN Cableships
  • Figure 8-6: CMI Barges
  • Figure 8-7: HOI Repair Barge
  • Figure 8-8: Durocher Marine Installation Barge
  • Figure 8-9: Van Oord Cable Installation Vessel
  • Figure 8-10: Maritech Shore End Landing
  • Figure 8-11: GEG Shore End Landing
  • Figure 8-12: Cable Orchestra
  • Figure 8-13: Cable Empowered
  • Figure 8-14: MCC Installation Barge
  • Figure 8-15: ACPL Asean Protector
  • Figure 8-16: OCC Cable Factory
  • Figure 8-17: Nexans Cable Loading Facility
  • Figure 8-18: Linear Cable Engine and Cable Drum
  • Figure 9-1: GoCable
  • Figure 9-2: MakaiPlan Route Engineering
  • Figure 9-3: MakaiPlan Cable Assembly
  • Figure 9-4: Straight Line Diagram
  • Figure 10-1: Traction Tow Winch
  • Figure 10-2: SMD MD-3 HD Plow
  • Figure 10-3: EB Sea Stallion 3 HD Plow
  • Figure 10-4: MD3XT in 3.0m Burial Mode; Front Jet Tool Deployed and Jetting through Share Leading Edge and Under Heel
  • Figure 10-5: MD3XT in 2.2m Burial Mode
  • Figure 10-6: MD3XT in 3.3m Burial Mode with Extended Share
  • Figure 10-7: Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)
  • Figure 10-8: SMD Q-Trencher 500 Cable Trenching ROV
  • Figure 10-9: Splicing and Molding Machines onboard Alcatel-Lucent's CS Ile de Batz
  • Figure 10-10: Universal Joint Assembly
  • Figure 10-11: Vessels Anchored off Singapore
  • Figure 10-12: Vessels Anchored off Hong Kong
  • Figure 10-13: Stationary Vessels in Oil and Gas Lease Blocks off Brazil
  • Figure 10-14: DTS Marine Survey
  • Figure 10-15: Drone with a Mounted Camera
  • Figure 10-16: Ground Control Points for Georeferencing
  • Figure 10-17: Real-time Monitoring of Cable Profile and Bottom Touchdown
  • Figure 10-18: Articulated Pipe and Pinning
  • Figure 11-1: Global Marine Wind Farm Support
  • Figure 11-2: ASN Oil and Gas Installation

List of Tables

  • Table 3-1: Worldwide Cableship Comparison
  • Table 3-2: Active Cableships Worldwide
  • Table 5-1: Marine Survey Datasets and Data Presentation Comments
  • Table 5-2: Commonly Used Fugro Survey Vessels
  • Table 5-3: EGS Survey Vessels
  • Table 5-4: Example Research Vessels
  • Table 7-1: Wujing Depot Specifications and Capacity
  • Table 7-2: Wujing Depot Environmental Conditions
  • Table 9-1: Operational Production Rates