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市場調查報告書

聚合物化學工業原料的二氧化碳 (CO2):技術·聚合物·開發企業·生產企業

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) as Chemical Feedstock for Polymers - Technologies, Polymers, Developers and Producers

出版商 Nova-Institut GmbH 商品編碼 892536
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 53 Pages
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聚合物化學工業原料的二氧化碳 (CO2):技術·聚合物·開發企業·生產企業 Carbon Dioxide (CO2) as Chemical Feedstock for Polymers - Technologies, Polymers, Developers and Producers
出版日期: 2019年02月28日內容資訊: 英文 53 Pages
簡介

本報告涵括聚合物化學工業原料的二氧化碳 (CO2) ,從技術的觀點調查由CO2製造的聚合物,提供企業已開發·製造·上市的聚合物概要,詳細說明利用各種方法所製造的CO2基構成要素·聚合物製造的機會等資訊。

第1章 簡介

第2章 什麼是活用二氧化碳?

  • 碳捕集與利用(CCU)”是什麼意思,主要好處是什麼?
  • 有哪些二氧化碳來源?
  • CCU燃料,化學品和礦物質的應用是什麼?
  • 與石油化學或生物基產品相比,產品中CO2的使用有多可持續?
  • 對於可持續的有機化學,二氧化碳的使用至關重要
  • CCU在擴展可再生能源方面的其他好處
  • 半商業性CO2利用廠房的引進

第3章 CO2為基礎的結構要素及聚合物

第4章 聚碳酸酯

  • 脂肪族聚碳酸酯 (APC)
    • 直鏈脂肪族聚碳酸酯
    • 環脂族聚碳酸酯
  • 芳香族聚碳酸酯
  • 積極開發聚碳酸酯的企業
    • 旭化成 (日本)
    • Cardia Bioplastics (澳洲)
    • Covestro AG (former Bayer MaterialScience) (德國)
    • Empower Materials Inc. (美國)
    • Huinnovation Co. Ltd. (South Korea)
    • Jiangsu Zhongke Jinlong-CAS Chemical Co. Ltd. (中國)
    • Jilin Boda New Materials Co. Ltd. (中國)
    • Mengxi High-Tech Group Co. Ltd. (中國)
    • 三菱化學 (日本)
    • Novomer Inc. (美國) / Saudi Aramco Materials (沙烏地阿拉伯/美國)
    • Norner Innovation S.A (Norway) / SCG Chemicals (泰國)
    • Saudi Aramco LCC (Saudi Arabia, 美國)
    • Siemens AG / BASF AG (德國)
    • SK Innovation Co., Ltd. / SK Global Chemical Co., Ltd. (韓國)
    • Taizhou BangFeng Plastics Co., Ltd.(中國)
    • Teijin (日本)
    • Tianguan Group / Nanyang Zhongju Tianguan (中國)

第5章 基於CO2衍生多元醇的聚氨酯(PU)

  • 積極開發以CO2為基礎PU的企業
    • Covestro AG (formerly Bayer MaterialScience) (德國)
    • Econic Technologies (United Kingdom)

第6章 甲醇制烯烴(MTO)

第7章 合成氣基的流程

第8章 電化學聚合物

  • 活躍於電化學的公司和研究組
    • Avantium B.V. (The Netherlands; technology of former Liquid Light Inc., 美國)
    • eEthylen (德國)
    • Spectrum Global Solutions Inc. (formerly Mantra Venture Group) (加拿大)).
    • The State University of New Jersey (美國)

第9章 生物技術路線:聚羥基鏈烷酸酯(PHAs),聚乳酸(PLA)和其他材料

  • 概要
  • 積極使用生物科技CO2基聚合物的企業
    • Bio-On S.p.A / Gruppo Hera / Lux-On (義大利)
    • Kiverdi Inc. (美國)
    • LanzaTech Inc., (NZ/美國)
    • NatureWorks LLC / Calysta Energy (美國)
    • Newlight Technologies Inc. (美國)
    • OakBio Inc. (美國)
    • Photanol B.V. (荷蘭)
    • Phytonix Corporation (美國)

第10章 圖表清單

第11章 縮寫清單

目錄

Already more than 160,000 tonnes of CO2-based polymers on the market

nova-Institute presents a unique trend report on the utilisation of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a chemical feedstock for a wide range of polymers. The report includes the relevant technologies, polymers, developers and producers of this growing sector with high economic and sustainability potential. Additionally, it shows that already more than 160,000 tonnes of CO2-based polymers are on the market.

For many, the use of carbon dioxide (CO2) with the help of renewable energies is still a novelty, although a lot of new activities arose in the last few years. Currently, most studies and investments in the area of CO2 utilisation focus primarily on fuels. This rather narrow-minded point of view misses the big potential of CO2 as a renewable and sustainable carbon feedstock for the chemical industry of the future. The organic chemistry and the polymer production cannot decarbonise, simply for the reason that carbon is the key molecule in this area - given this constraint, a renewable alternative to fossil feedstocks is needed. A large number of high-value chemicals and especially polymers can be produced from CO2 in different ways - from direct chemical or biochemical synthesis as well as from indirect use of CO2-based intermediates and building blocks.

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In March 2018, nova-Institute published the first worldwide technology study on this topic: "Carbon dioxide (CO2) as a chemical feedstock for polymers - technologies, polymers, developers and producers" which has now been updated comprehensively. The study investigates from a technological point of view which polymers can be produced from CO2 and provides an overview of the polymers that have already been developed, produced and marketed and by which companies.

The report goes into detail about various opportunities to produce building blocks and polymers based on CO2 via different pathways: Chemical catalytic processes are used to produce chemicals such as aromatic phosgene-free polycarbonates (PC) or aliphatic polycarbonates (APC) like polypropylene carbonate (PPC), polyethylene carbonate (PEC), polylimonene carbonate (PLimC) and polyurethanes (PUR) that are synthesised with CO2-based polyols. Biotechnological approaches - fermentation of CO2 or CO2-rich syngas (generally containing carbon monoxide (CO), CO2 and hydrogen (H2)) via microorganisms like bacteria, algae and cyanobacteria - lead to building blocks such as lactic acid or succinic acid, from which polymers like polylactic acid (PLA) or polybutylene succinate (PBS) can be made. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are polymers which can be directly derived by fermentation of CO2 without any intermediate building blocks. Electrochemical pathways, for example to monoethylene glycol (MEG), which is used for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), are also described in the report. Additionally, the use of CO2-based methanol as a feedstock is an alternative route to produce olefins via an already established process, the "Methanol to Olefin (MTO)" process. Also, a huge potential lies in the so-called "Blue Crude" oil substitute that can be produced via a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis from syngas and directly substitute crude oil in a refinery for the production of conventional fuels, chemicals and polymers as drop-ins based on a renewable carbon feedstock.

First pilot demonstration and commercial production plants are already installed in which CO2 is used either directly as a building block for polymers or indirectly in combination with other, non-CO2-derived monomers to obtain a large array of plastics with tailor-made properties. The report describes at least 30 companies from Asia, Europe and North America are already working on a large number of CO2-based polymers and plastics - leading to a total of more than 160,000 tonnes of CO2-based polymers already on the market.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 What is CO2 utilisation?

  • 2.1 What does "Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU)" mean and what are the main benefits?
  • 2.2 Which sources of CO2 are available?
  • 2.3 What are the applications for CCU fuels, chemicals and minerals?
  • 2.4 How sustainable is the use of CO2 in products compared to petrochemical or bio-based products?
  • 2.5 For sustainable, organic chemistry, the use of CO2 is crucial
  • 2.6 Additional benefits of CCU for the expansion of renewable energies
  • 2.7 Implementations of (semi)commercial CO2 utilisation plants
    • 2.7.1 CO2 utilisation via synthesis of fuels, gases, polymers and other chemicals
    • 2.7.2 CO2 mineralisation via production of carbonate materials
    • 2.7.3 Carbon utilisation via chemical recycling

3 CO2-based building blocks and polymers

4 Polycarbonates

  • 4.1 Aliphatic polycarbonates (APCs)
    • 4.1.1 Linear aliphatic Polycarbonates
    • 4.1.2 Cyclo-aliphatic polycarbonates
  • 4.2 Aromatic polycarbonates
  • 4.3 Companies active in polycarbonates development
    • 4.3.1 Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation (Japan)
    • 4.3.2 Cardia Bioplastics (Australia)
    • 4.3.3 Covestro AG (former Bayer MaterialScience) (Germany)
    • 4.3.4 Empower Materials Inc. (USA)
    • 4.3.5 Huinnovation Co. Ltd. (South Korea)
    • 4.3.6 Jiangsu Zhongke Jinlong-CAS Chemical Co. Ltd. (China)
    • 4.3.7 Jilin Boda New Materials Co. Ltd. (China)
    • 4.3.8 Mengxi High-Tech Group Co. Ltd. (China)
    • 4.3.9 Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (Japan)
    • 4.3.10 Novomer Inc. (USA) / Saudi Aramco Materials (Saudi Arabia/USA)
    • 4.3.11 Norner Innovation S.A (Norway) / SCG Chemicals (Thailand)
    • 4.3.12 Saudi Aramco LCC (Saudi Arabia, USA)
    • 4.3.13 Siemens AG / BASF AG (Germany)
    • 4.3.14 SK Innovation Co., Ltd. / SK Global Chemical Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
    • 4.3.15 Taizhou BangFeng Plastics Co., Ltd.(China)
    • 4.3.16 Teijin Ltd. (Japan)
    • 4.3.17 Tianguan Group / Nanyang Zhongju Tianguan (China)

5 Polyurethanes (PU) based on CO2-derived polyols

  • 5.1 Companies active in PU development based on CO2
    • 5.1.1 Covestro AG (formerly Bayer MaterialScience) (Germany)
    • 5.1.2 Econic Technologies (United Kingdom)

6 Methanol to Olefins (MTO)

7 Processes based on syngas

8 Polymers from electrochemistry

  • 8.1 Companies and Research Groups active in electrochemistry
    • 8.1.1 Avantium B.V. (The Netherlands; technology of former Liquid Light Inc., USA)
    • 8.1.2 eEthylen (Germany)
    • 8.1.3 Spectrum Global Solutions Inc. (formerly Mantra Venture Group) (Canada)).
    • 8.1.4 The State University of New Jersey (USA)

9 Biotechnology routes: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), polylactic acid (PLA) and other materials

  • 9.1 General overview
  • 9.2 Companies active in CO2-based polymers via biotechnology
    • 9.2.1 Bio-On S.p.A / Gruppo Hera / Lux-On (Italy)
    • 9.2.2 Kiverdi Inc. (USA)
    • 9.2.3 LanzaTech Inc., (NZ/USA)
    • 9.2.4 NatureWorks LLC / Calysta Energy (USA)
    • 9.2.5 Newlight Technologies Inc. (USA)
    • 9.2.6 OakBio Inc. (USA)
    • 9.2.7 Photanol B.V. (The Netherlands)
    • 9.2.8 Phytonix Corporation (USA)

10 List of figures

11 List of acronyms