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市場調查報告書

美國電動汽車管理的充電市場:市場展望和百強公用事業公司的基準

EV Managed Charging: US Outlook and Benchmark of Top 100 Utilities

出版商 Northeast Group, LLC 商品編碼 945100
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 52 Slides + Excel
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
美國電動汽車管理的充電市場:市場展望和百強公用事業公司的基準 EV Managed Charging: US Outlook and Benchmark of Top 100 Utilities
出版日期: 2020年06月26日內容資訊: 英文 52 Slides + Excel
簡介

在美國,電動汽車(EV)銷量的快速增長給公用事業公司帶來了挑戰,但同時也帶來了更大的機遇。電動汽車有潛力成為主要的分散式能源(DER),這得益於電動汽車銷售的增長和AMI表的普及率的提高,這有助於使電力需求趨於平穩,並為公用事業公司和消費者帶來巨大的變化並帶來利潤。

在大多數2010年代,公用事業EV計劃側重於使用時間率(TOU),特定於EV的TOU率逐漸上升,但仍取決於消費者的行為。這些被稱為被動管理的充電程序。最近,公用事業公司引入了主動管理式充電程序,該程序允許他們控制對EV進行充電的時間。預計這種趨勢將會增加。託管充電計劃的可用性有所提高,但客戶參與度較低,並且存在限制電動汽車充當DER的能力的障礙。到目前為止,只有三個程序具有 "選擇退出" 客戶,而不是 "選擇加入" 。需要採取這些和其他激勵措施來增加參與度。

隨著託管充電計劃的發展,汽車製造商提高充電容量以及客戶選擇加入該計劃,公用事業公司將在2030年之前開發數十億美元的需求響應容量,預計每年可節省數億美元。客戶參與率越高,收益越大。

報告中回答的關鍵問題:

  • 開發了託管收費程序的公用事業公司
  • 電動汽車收費管理向公用事業公司提供的需求響應(GW)以及電動汽車收費管理需要幫助客戶節省的金額(百萬美元)
  • 電動汽車實用程序與2010年初中期計劃的比較
  • 決定EV作為DER影響的主要因素

本報告調查和分析了美國電動汽車管理的充電市場,並提供了有關當前狀態和預測,驅動因素和障礙以及主要公司的系統信息。

內容

  • 1。執行摘要
  • 2。電動汽車為DER
  • 3。公用事業公司對EV的反應
  • 4。使用時間率
  • 5。激勵與障礙
  • 6。附錄
目錄

The rapid growth of electric vehicle (EV) sales in the US creates challenges but even greater opportunities for utilities. EVs have the potential to become a major distributed energy resource (DER) on the back of EV sales growth and rising AMI meter penetration, helping to smooth demand for electricity and providing substantial benefits for both utilities and consumers. Northeast Group has been tracking the utility response to EVs since 2011.

For most of the 2010s, utility EV programs were focused on timeof- use rates (TOU), with the number of EV-specific TOU rates slowly increasing but still dependent on consumer behavior. These are known as passive managed charging programs. Recently, utilities have introduced active managed charging programs that give them control over when EVs are charged, a trend that is likely to grow. While the availability of managed charging programs has increased, customer participation remains low and there are several barriers that limit the capacity of EVs to function as a DER. So far only 3 programs have customers "opt out" instead of "opt in;" these and other incentives will be necessary to increase participation rates.

If managed charging programs grow, automakers improve charging capacity, and customers choose to participate in programs, utilities are expected to develop dozens of GW of demand response capacity while customers could save hundreds of millions of dollars per year by 2030, with benefits significantly higher if participation rates increase.

Key questions answered in this 52-slide report:

  • Which utilities have developed managed charging programs and what do they offer?
  • How many GW of demand response will EV managed charging provide for utilities? How many millions of dollars will EV managed charging help customers save?
  • How do utilty programs for EVs compare to early programs in the mid-2010s?
  • What will be the key factors that determine the impact of EVs as a DER?

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Electric vehicles as a DER
  • 3. Utility response to EVs
  • 4. Time-of-use rates
  • 5. Incentives and barriers
  • 6. Appendix