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市場調查報告書
商品編碼
1044142

新氫氣的最終使用

Emerging Hydrogen End Uses

出版日期: | 出版商: Guidehouse Insights (formerly Navigant Research) | 英文 24 Pages | 訂單完成後即時交付

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

氫氣已成為重要的市場驅動力,作為在交通、工業和建築等領域實現大規模脫碳的一種選擇。然而,由於客戶偏好和便利性,氫集成的範圍受到限制,而從低碳能源製氫的成本是氫能採用的障礙之一。為了降低這一成本,政府正在提出旨在降低生產低碳氫成本的路線圖、政策和補貼。相比之下,增加需求的措施受到的關注較少。為了釋放氫的可持續規模經濟,需要逐步淘汰其需求。請注意,如果最終用途不明確,則可能會留下資產。

本報告探討了全球氫市場的新最終用途,並提供了有關市場分析、政府角色、未來前景等方面的全面信息。

目錄

簡介

背景

建議

政府在引入氫氣方面發揮作用

  • 對目標和長期政策信號的承諾
  • 通過擴大支持計劃創造氫需求
  • 降低氫資產投資風險的計劃
  • 支持研發創新
  • 支持國際標準化和消除監管障礙

在各個領域增加氫的採用

  • 工業和化學氫作為主要最終用途
    • 工業鋼中氫的使用量增加
    • 氫氣用於生產化學原料氨和甲醇
    • 氫氣的用途已從石油精煉轉變為合成燃料生產
    • 產業集群消除對氫能應用的擔憂
    • 在合成發酵中使用氫氣促進食品工業的脫碳
  • 氫氣在交通運輸中的使用增加
    • 燃料電池汽車引進速度緩慢
    • 老爺車為運輸領域的氫氣使用提供了機會
    • 燃料電池客車已經開始增加佔有率
    • 使用燃料電池汽車擴大長途卡車運輸
    • 需要增加加氫站,支持氫能汽車的引進
    • 材料處理、採礦和農用車輛改用氫燃料電池
    • 由於脫碳和成本問題,增加了在鐵路運輸中引入氫氣
    • 航運公司逐漸向氫能源轉型
    • 氫已成為航空脫碳不可或缺的一部分
  • 氫氣支持建築和住房行業的脫碳
    • 政府對固定燃料電池的支持
    • 將氫氣混入天然氣管道的加熱脫碳
  • 氫,在電力領域的脫碳中發揮重要作用

氫氣需求的擴大,需要利益相關者和政府之間的合作

  • 利益相關者應瞭解產業集群在擴大氫需求方面的價值
  • 監管刺激氫氣需求和消除障礙
  • 降低利益相關者的氫投資風險
  • 政府制定政策
  • 利益相關者關注主要行業的氫能整合
目錄
Product Code: SI-EHU-21

Hydrogen is expected to play a critical role in enabling the energy transition. Hydrogen is possibly one of the best options for large-scale decarbonization in segments such as transport, industry, and buildings, which is a key driver of hydrogen adoption. Hydrogen integration in the energy portfolio increases flexibility in energy supply-demand matching and facilitates sector-coupling. However, the extent of hydrogen integration is constrained by its alignment with customer preferences and conveniences. The cost of hydrogen production from low carbon energy sources is one such obstacle to hydrogen adoption.

To reduce these costs, several governments globally have proposed roadmaps, policies, and subsidies aimed at reducing the cost of producing low carbon hydrogen. In contrast, measures to increase demand have received limited attention. Unlocking sustained economies of scale for hydrogen requires a step change in its demand. Caution must prevail here, as being end-use agnostic may result in stranded assets.

This ‘Guidehouse Insights report’ aims to demystify emerging end-use candidates that are expected to become mainstays in the future. These applications, coupled with government policy instruments, have the potential to unlock more projects and to support scaling the hydrogen economy.

KEY QUESTIONS ADDRESSED:

  • How can governments support and guide the increased integration of hydrogen?
  • What is the state and prospect of hydrogen usage in industrial processes?
  • How is hydrogen being used in chemical feedstocks?
  • What is hydrogen's role in on-road and off-road transportation?
  • Is hydrogen being used building and residential applications?
  • What are the prospects of hydrogen usage in key power system applications?

WHO NEEDS THIS REPORT:

  • Electrolyzer manufacturers
  • Government agencies
  • Hydrogen nonprofits and research organizations
  • Renewable technology developers
  • Utilities
  • Energy cooperatives
  • On-road and off-road transportation companies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

Spark

Context

Recommendations

Governments Have a Role to Play in Hydrogen Adoption

  • Commit to Targets and Long-Term Policy Signals
  • Extend Support Schemes to Create Hydrogen Demand
  • Plan to Mitigate Investment Risks for Hydrogen Assets
  • Support R&D and Innovation
  • Support International Standardization and Remove Regulatory Barriers

Hydrogen Adoption Increases Across Sectors

  • Industrial and Chemical Hydrogen Remains a Leading End Use
    • Hydrogen Use in Industrial Iron and Steel Increases
    • Hydrogen Can Be Used to Create Ammonia and Methanol for Chemical Feedstock
    • Hydrogen Use Is Shifting from Refining Oil to Creating Synfuels
    • Industrial Clusters Address Hydrogen Adoption Concerns
    • Synthetic Fermentation Using Hydrogen Helps Decarbonize Food Industries
  • Hydrogen Use in Transportation Increases
    • Fuel Cell Vehicles Face Slow Adoption Rates
    • Vintage Vehicles Offer an Opportunity for Hydrogen Use in Transportation
    • Fuel Cell Buses Become Prominent
    • FCV Use to Increase in Long-Haul Trucking
    • More Hydrogen Refueling Stations Are Needed to Support Hydrogen Vehicle Adoption
    • Material Handling, Mining, and Agricultural Vehicles Are Switching to Hydrogen Fuel Cells
    • Hydrogen Increases in Rail Transport Due to Decarbonization and Cost Concerns
    • Maritime Shipping Slowly Transitions to Hydrogen
    • Hydrogen Becomes Critical to Decarbonizing Aviation
  • Hydrogen Helps Decarbonize the Buildings and Residential Sectors
    • Stationary Fuel Cells Receive Government Support
    • Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipelines Decarbonizes Heating
  • Hydrogen Plays a Role in Decarbonizing the Power Sector

Scaling Hydrogen Demand Requires Stakeholder and Government Collaboration

  • Stakeholders Must Acknowledge the Value of Industrial Clusters in Scaling Hydrogen Demand
  • Regulators Must Stimulate Hydrogen Demand and Eliminate Barriers
  • Stakeholders Must Mitigate Hydrogen Investment Risks
  • Governments Must Establish Policies
  • Stakeholders Must Focus on Key Sectors for Hydrogen Integration

LIST OF TABLES

  • Types of Industrial Hydrogen Clusters