Telecommunications Network Operators: 2Q19 Market Review - Industry Revenue Recorded its Fourth Straight Quarter of Declining Revenue, as Capex Surged 5% YoY in 2Q19

出版商 MTN Consulting, LLC 商品編碼 761326
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
通訊網路業者:4四半年市場檢討 Telecommunications Network Operators: 2Q19 Market Review - Industry Revenue Recorded its Fourth Straight Quarter of Declining Revenue, as Capex Surged 5% YoY in 2Q19
出版日期: 2019年10月23日內容資訊: 英文



本報告提供全球通訊產業相關資料,4以季度為基礎的決算結果為基礎的全面的評估提供,調查通訊網路業者 (TNO) 130家公司的收益,Capex,及員工數等。


  • 概要
  • 分析
  • 主要統計
  • 業者的排行榜
  • 檢討,Capex及員工數
  • 詳細的成本分析
  • 用戶 & 流量
  • 匯率


  • TNO:年度收益、與前一年同期比較成長率 (YoY)
  • TNO:年度支出、資本集中度
  • 勞動成本/收益
  • 勞動成本及員工每人的勞動成本,與前一年同期比較變動率
  • 年度營業利潤率的變化
  • 當地貨幣額 vs. 美金
  • 市場佔有率的前20名
  • TNO的前20名:資本支出總額
  • TNO的前20名:收益總額
  • TNO:單獨季度收益的與前一年同期比較成長率 (YoY) 等
Product Code: GNI-23102019-1

This market review provides a comprehensive assessment of the global telecommunications industry based on financial results through June 2019 (2Q19). The report tracks revenue, capex and employee for 130 individual telecommunications network operators (TNOs). For a sub-group of 40 large TNOs, the report also assesses labor cost, opex and operating profit trends. Our coverage timeframe spans 1Q11-2Q19 (34 quarters). The report's format is Excel.

The global telecom industry continues to be constrained at the top line. Annualized revenues declined YoY by 1.6% in 2Q19, to $1,821B. Revenue decline moderated slightly in 2Q19 as single quarter revenues fell -0.4% YoY to $453B. Second quarter capex was strong, recording 5% growth from 2Q18 to $72B. Annualized capex thereby increased slightly to $303B in 2Q19, from $299B in 1Q19 or $302B in 2Q18. The capex uptick was due mainly to China. Telco spending on employees, or labor costs, amounted to $290B in 2Q19 on an annualized basis, roughly flat YoY.

Telcos are beginning to deploy 5G and invest in the media business, but most are doing so cautiously as recession warnings are growing. On October 14, the IMF downgraded expectations for 2019 and said the macroeconomic outlook remains “precarious.” Recessions tend to hit telco revenues hard. A slowdown in telco revenues result in both additional layoffs and a slower growth rate in 5G spending. Few telcos have room in their budgets for a 5G capex splurge. Telco profit margins remain tight, nothing new for the telecom industry. Operators are getting more concerned about debt, though, and more interested in open networking, cloud partnerships, asset spinoffs, and other tactics to reduce capex requirements.

Key findings of our 2Q19 “Market Review” include:

  • 1) The long-term revenue growth rate of the telecom sector is in the 0% to 2% range, after adjusting for currency translation. In 2Q19, single-quarter revenue dropped by 0.4% YoY on a fixed exchange rate basis. Actual revenue growth in 2Q19 was lower, down 0.5% YoY to $453B. Both figures are slightly below the sector's long term growth range.
  • 2) Even the modest growth currently achieved by the telecom sector requires high levels of capital investment in networks. The industry's long-term capex to revenue ratio (capital intensity) is in the 16-17% range, on average (16.6% in 2Q19). Telcos also use M&A to expand into adjacent markets; AT&T-Time Warner is just one example. The debt from such deals can drive up the operator's interest payments and make it harder to fund capex, however. Such deals also inevitably come with layoffs.
  • 3) On a revenue per employee (RPE) basis, the telco sector has been stagnant since 2011: the annualized figure was $362K that year, and the average figure for the last four quarters was $353K. Labor costs per employee, on an annualized basis declined YoY by -0.2% in 2Q19 to $55.8K. Over the last 12 months, the fastest growing operators on an RPE basis include Omantel, Zain, Reliance Communications, Shaw, and Telenor.
  • 4) Telcos employed 5.2 million people in 2Q19, in line with 2Q18. We expect employee totals to begin declining in the next 1-2 years. India alone may cut up to 100K employees in that timeframe, due to Jio's consolidation & BSNL reforms.
  • 5) Annualized capex for 2Q19 alone was 16.6% of revenues, a little higher than 1Q19. That was due to a strong second quarter. Single quarter capex grew 5% YoY in 2Q19 to $72B, after two consecutive single-quarter declines. This increase mainly came from China's big three telcos, which combined generated capex of more than $11B in 2Q19 (YoY increase of 16%). The market's average capital intensity will exceed 17% by the end of this year.
  • 6) The M&A climate remains strong for the sector in 2019. Many telcos see their core markets declining, and are buying their way into other markets while also streamlining their asset base. Noteworthy recent deals include the merger of T-Mobile and Sprint, Comcast's acquisition of Sky, the merger of Vodafone India and Idea Cellular; and Vodafone's $18B acquisition of Liberty Global's Germany and Eastern Europe cable and broadband assets. All eyes are set on the much talked about merger of Sprint and T-Mobile, which will result in the combined entity to become the second largest mobile operator in the US. However, after the M&A deal paperwork is signed, integrating operations and actually achieving synergies continues to be a challenge for telcos. Managing the debt from these acquisitions is just as hard, as AT&T and others are discovering.
  • 7) Telco industry operating margins have been very stable for the last 11 quarters, hovering at around 13.7%, on an annualized basis. Net margins vary substantially, impacted by depreciation costs, taxes, debt payments, workforce restructuring, and a whole host of other factors. In order to grow margins, many operators plan layoffs or similar workforce restructuring (e.g. voluntary retirement). At the same time, telcos are hiring in new technical areas (e.g. SDN) and are always hiring salespeople. On a per-employee basis, the global average for labor costs (on an annualized basis) in 2Q19 was $56k, down 0.2% compared to the year earlier. As 5G approaches, telcos will see their sales & marketing costs grow. They will continue to look for ways to reduce the labor cost component of customer acquisition & retention costs (CAC and CRC), through both technology investments & business partnerships.

Countries covered:

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bahrain
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Denmark
  • Egypt
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Japan
  • Kenya
  • Kuwait
  • Luxembourg
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Singapore
  • South Africa
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Qatar
  • Russia
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • UAE
  • UK
  • USA

Companies covered:

  • A1 Telekom Austria
  • Advanced Info Service (AIS)
  • Altice Europe
  • Altice USA
  • America Movil
  • AT&T
  • Axiata
  • Axtel
  • Batelco
  • BCE
  • Bezeq Israel
  • Bharti Airtel Limited
  • Bouygues Telecom
  • BSNL
  • BT
  • Cable ONE, Inc.
  • Cablevision
  • Cellcom Israel
  • CenturyLink
  • Cequel Communications
  • Charter Communications
  • China Mobile
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • Chunghwa Telecom
  • Vodafone Idea Limited
  • Cincinatti Bell
  • CK Hutchison
  • Clearwire
  • Cogeco
  • Com Hem Holding AB
  • Comcast
  • Consolidated Communications
  • Cyfrowy Polsat
  • DEN Networks Limited
  • Deutsche Telekom
  • DirecTV
  • Dish Network
  • Dish TV India Limited
  • DNA Ltd.
  • Du
  • EE
  • Elisa
  • Entel
  • Etisalat
  • Fairpoint Communications
  • Far EasTone Telecommunications Co., Ltd.
  • Frontier Communications
  • Globe Telecom
  • Grupo Clarin
  • Grupo Televisa
  • Wind Tre
  • Hathway Cable & Datacom Limited
  • Idea Cellular Limited
  • Iliad SA
  • KDDI
  • KPN
  • KT Corporation
  • Leap Wireless
  • LG Uplus
  • Liberty Global
  • M1
  • Manitoba Telecom Services
  • Maroc Telecom
  • Maxis Berhad
  • Megafon
  • MetroPCS Communications
  • Millicom
  • Mobile Telesystems
  • MTN Group
  • MTNL
  • NTT
  • Oi
  • Omantel
  • Ooredoo
  • Orange
  • PCCW
  • Windstream
  • PLDT
  • Quebecor Telecommunications
  • Reliance Communications Limited
  • Reliance Jio
  • Rogers
  • Rostelecom
  • Safaricom Limited
  • Sasktel
  • Shaw Communications
  • Singtel
  • SITI Networks Limited
  • SK Telecom
  • Sky plc
  • SmarTone
  • SoftBank
  • Spark New Zealand Limited
  • Sprint
  • StarHub
  • STC (Saudi Telecom)
  • SureWest Communications
  • Swisscom
  • Taiwan Mobile
  • Tata Communications Limited
  • Tata Teleservices
  • TDC
  • Zain
  • TDS
  • Tele2 AB
  • Telecom Argentina
  • Telecom Egypt
  • Telecom Italia
  • Telefonica
  • Telekom Malaysia Berhad
  • Telenor
  • Telia
  • Telkom Indonesia
  • Telkom SA
  • Telstra
  • Telus
  • Thaicom
  • Time Warner
  • Time Warner Cable
  • TPG Telecom Limited
  • True Corp
  • Turk Telekom
  • Turkcell
  • Veon
  • Verizon
  • Virgin Media
  • Vivendi
  • Vodafone
  • Zain KSA

Table of Contents

  • 1. Abstract
  • 2. Analysis
  • 3. Single-company drilldowns
  • 4. Revenue and capex by country
  • 5. Key stats through 1Q19
  • 6. Operator rankings
  • 7. Rev, capex and headcount
  • 8. Deep dive cost analysis
  • 9. Subs & traffic
  • 10. Exchange rates
  • 11. About (including methodology)


  • 1) TNOs: Annualized revenue ($M) and YoY growth (%), 2Q14-2Q19
  • 2) TNOs: Annualized capex ($M) and capital intensity (%), 2Q14-2Q19
  • 3) Labor cost/revenue (%), 2018
  • 4) Labor cost and labor cost per employee, 2018 YoY change (%)
  • 5) Change in annualized operating margins (YoY percentage point difference 2Q13-2Q19)
  • 6) Local currency value vs. US$ (QoQ change)
  • 7) Top 20 share of the market, 2Q19
  • 8) Top 20 TNOs by total capex, 2Q19
  • 9) Top 20 TNOs by total revenue, 2Q19
  • 10) TNOs: YoY growth in single quarter revenues
  • 11) TNOs: Annualized capital intensity, 2Q11-2Q19
  • 12) TNOs: Revenue and RPE, annualized 2Q14-2Q19
  • 13) TNOs: Capex and capital intensity (annualized), 2Q14-2Q19
  • 14) TNOs: Total headcount trends, 2Q11-2Q19
  • 15) TNOs: Revenue and RPE trends, 2011-18
  • 16) TNOs: Capex and capital intensity, 2011-18 ($ Mn)
  • 17) TNOs: Capex and capital intensity, 2Q14-2Q19 ($ Mn)
  • 18) TNOs: Revenue and RPE trends, 2Q14-2Q19
  • 19) Top 40 TNOs by total opex, 2Q19
  • 20) Top 40 TNOs by labor costs, 2Q19