Indonesia Fertilizer Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)
The Indonesia Fertilizers market was valued at USD 4,122.4 million in 2020, and it is projected to reach USD 5,946.2 million by 2026, registering a CAGR of 4.6% during the forecast period
The COVID-19 pandemic had the most critical impact on the fertilizer industry in the country. Production went down by 20.0-30.0% and prices increased due to supply constraints. The industry also suffered from severe labor shortages, due to repeated lockdowns that affected the production, export, and import business. A large part of the industry was shut down from the end of January 2020, limiting both demand and supply of all relevant inputs, as transport and storage constraints presented mounting challenges across the sector.
The nitrogenous segment is considered to be the largest segment of the market studied and accounts for a major share among other segments. The Urea is the most-traded nitrogenous fertilizer. There is high demand for exports of urea fertilizers from several countries, such as Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines, which augments the demand for the production of urea fertilizers in the country
The Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia (MOA) regulates and monitors standards that affect farmer productivity, such as possessing and using fake fertilizer, bad seed, and dangerous pesticides off the market, in order to eliminate the root cause of decreased land productivity.
Therefore., with the increasing food demand coupled with a growing population, the country requires much effort to improve food crop productivity. This can be achieved by rising cropping intensity and providing the appropriate fertilizers, including fertilizers. Therefore, these factors are anticipated to drive the market and aid in registering positive growth during the forecast period.
Indonesia's fertilizer market is observed to have positive growth for an increase in arable land in the country. According to FAO, the arable land in Indonesia has been increasing over the years. In 2016, the total arable land in the country accounted for 47.6 million hectares, which increased to 57.0 million hectares in 2019. The positive correlation between arable land and fertilizer consumption makes the Indonesian fertilizer market fluctuate according to arable land. Hence, the increase in arable land drives the growth of the fertilizer market.
Improved agricultural development in recent years, along with commercialization, industrialization, and urbanization, has led to significant changes in the agricultural production systems. The adoption of modern farming methods has encouraged the use of fertilizers across various agricultural farms in Indonesia. The growing importance of improving crop productivity along with preserving environmental safety has boosted the demand for biofertilizers to a greater extent.
Therefore, the rise in arable land and the increased demand for quality fertilizers to enhance the domestic production of crops are anticipated to drive the market during the forecast period.
Agriculture is considered an important part of Indonesia's economy, and it is the second largest sector where millions of farmers in the country depend on. Considering fertilizers an important part of productivity, the government is providing subsidies for fertilizers to increase their usage.
n order to achieve sustainable food production and nutrition security, the government of Indonesia has formulated a national policy stating that the prominent source of food for consumption should be from domestic production. Under this, it is providing fertilizers and distributing them to farmers at subsidized rates. This has encouraged farmers to use fertilizers intensively in farming and boost production, thereby driving the growth of the market in the country.
Rice is one of the major crops in the country. According to Statistics of Indonesia, in 2018, the average cost of fertilizers in rice farming was 9.43%, whereas the cost of land and labor accounted for 25.6% and 48.7%, respectively. Though the cost of fertilizers is relatively small, they are an essential component and help in increasing the yield when applied properly. The government, understanding this thoroughly, is focusing on the promotion of fertilizer usage in the country by giving subsidies on fertilizers. According to Ditjen PSP, the total volume of subsidized chemical and organic fertilizers in 2019 was 9.55 million metric ton.
With these government schemes, the participation rate of farmers in using fertilizers is also increasing. According to a study in 2017, the use of urea fertilizers is observed to be high in rice and maize farming, accounting for 100%, while for soybean, the usage accounted for around 80%. The use of organic fertilizers is at low rates in the country. The high use of subsidized chemical fertilizers is anticipated to drive the growth of the market in the country.
The Indonesia Fertilizers market is highly consolidated, with major players holding a major share in the market% . The state-owned enterprises such as PT Pupuk Kalimantan Timur, PT. Pupuk Sriwidjaya Palembang, PT Petrokimia Gresik, PT pupuk kujang and PT Pupuk Iskandar Muda which are subsidiaries of PT Pupuk Indonesia Holding Company dominates the market. Major players in the market are making partnerships as their most adopted strategy to consolidate their position in the market.