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市場調查報告書

商用電動車 (EV)的全球市場 - 至2027年的預測:電動巴士,電動皮卡車,電動卡車,電動箱型車

Electric Commercial Vehicle Market by Propulsion Type, Vehicle Type, Range, Battery Type, Length of Bus, Power Output Type, Battery Capacity Type, Component Type, Autonomous Vehicles Type, and Region - Global Forecast to 2027

出版商 MarketsandMarkets 商品編碼 629495
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 171 Pages
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商用電動車 (EV)的全球市場 - 至2027年的預測:電動巴士,電動皮卡車,電動卡車,電動箱型車 Electric Commercial Vehicle Market by Propulsion Type, Vehicle Type, Range, Battery Type, Length of Bus, Power Output Type, Battery Capacity Type, Component Type, Autonomous Vehicles Type, and Region - Global Forecast to 2027
出版日期: 2019年11月13日內容資訊: 英文 171 Pages
簡介

全球商用電動車 (EV) 市場預測將從2020年的26萬1,000台增加到2027年的189萬台,並以32.7%的2年複合成長率 (CAGR) 成長。電池組技術及電動動力傳動的進步,成為促進商用電動車產業成長的主要因素。還有由於污染和環境災害的增加,嚴格的政府法規,及劇烈競爭等要素,OEM被迫製造燃料效率佳、環保的汽車。對物流部門的燃料效率佳、零污染車 (ZEV) 的需求增加也促進市場。

本報告提供全球商用電動車 (EV) 市場相關調查分析,市場概要,產業趨勢,各市場區隔的市場分析,競爭情形,主要企業等相關的系統性資訊。

第1章 簡介

第2章 調查手法

第3章 摘要整理

第4章 重要考察

  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場的富有魅力的機會
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場成長率:各地區
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各車輛類型
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各推動類型
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各續航距離
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各巴士的車身長
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各電池類型
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各電池容量類型
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各輸出類型

第5章 市場概要

  • 簡介
  • 市場動態
    • 促進因素
    • 阻礙因素
    • 機會
    • 課題
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:方案
  • 商用電動車 (EV) 市場上收益變化

第6章 產業趨勢

  • 簡介
  • 機器人計程車
  • 高耐壓電池
  • 智慧電動驅動
  • 技術分析
  • 創新的充電解決方案
  • 地上固定式充電系統
  • 波特的五力分析分析

第7章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各零件

  • 簡介
  • 電動馬達
  • EV電池
  • 氫燃料電池

第8章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各自動駕駛車輛

  • 簡介
  • 自動駕駛電動卡車
  • 自動駕駛電動巴士

第9章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各電池類型

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • 鋰-鎳-錳-鈷氧化物
  • 磷酸鋰鐵
  • 其他
  • 主要產業考察

第10章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各電池容量

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • 50 KWH 未滿
  • 50-250 KWH
  • 250 KWH 超
  • 主要產業考察

第11章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各巴士車身長

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • 不滿9米
  • 9-14米
  • 14米以上
  • 主要產業考察

第12章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各輸出功率

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • 100 KW 未滿
  • 100-250 KW
  • 250 KW超
  • 主要產業考察

第13章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各推動類型

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • BEV
  • FCEV
  • PHEV
  • 主要產業考察

第14章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各續航距離

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • 不滿150英里
  • 150-300英里
  • 300英里多
  • 主要產業考察

第15章 商用電動車 (EV) 市場:各車輛類型

  • 簡介
  • 駕駛資料
  • 電動巴士
  • 電動皮卡車
  • 電動卡車
  • 電動箱型車
  • 主要產業考察

第16章 商用電動車 (EV)的全球市場:各地區

  • 簡介
  • 亞太地區
  • 歐洲
  • 北美
  • 市場領導

第17章 競爭情形

  • 簡介
  • 市場排行榜分析
  • 競爭領導製圖
  • SME (中小企業) 競爭領導製圖
  • 勝者 vs. 敗者

第18章 企業簡介

  • BYD
  • YUTONG
  • PROTERRA
  • VDL GROEP
  • AB VOLVO
  • DAIMLER AG
  • NFI GROUP
  • CAF
  • EBUSCO BV
  • KING LONG
  • ANKAI
  • ZHONGTONG BUS HOLDING
  • 其他的主要企業

第19章 MARKETSANDMARKETS 的建議

第20章 附錄

本網頁內容可能與最新版本有所差異。詳細情況請與我們聯繫。

目錄
Product Code: AT 6196

"Increasing focus of countries on the electrification of their public transport fleets and increasing demand for zero emission vehicles in the logistics sector are the significant growth drivers for the global electric commercial vehicle market"

The global electric commercial vehicle market size is projected to grow from 261 thousand units in 2020 to reach 1,890 thousand units by 2027, at a CAGR of 32.7%. The advancements in battery pack technologies and electric powertrains are some of the major factors driving the growth of the electric commercial vehicle industry. Many countries are focusing on the electrification of their public transportation fleets. Factors such as a rise in pollution and environmental hazards, stringent government regulations, and stiff competition have compelled automotive OEMs to make fuel-efficient and environment-friendly vehicles. Increasing demand for fuel efficient and zero emission vehicles in the logistics sector is also driving the market.

"The growth of e-commerce, logistics, and shared mobility is likely to propel the growth of the electric van segment during the forecast period"

The electric van segment is expected to be the fastest growing market as there is a high demand for these vans from the logistics sector, especially in the European region. The growth of the logistics and e-commerce sectors are expected to drive the market for electric vans during the forecast period.

The usage of electric vans in the logistics sector would minimize the cost of transportation. Many leading logistics companies in Europe and North America have started using electric vans for shipping and delivery purposes. For instance, DHL, one of the leading logistics companies in the world, is using electric vans in some parts of the European region.

"Asia Pacific is expected to be the largest market during the forecast period"

The Asia Pacific region is the largest electric commercial vehicle market in the world. It comprises some of the fastest developing and developed economies in the world, such as China, India, and Japan. The market growth in the region can be attributed to the dominance of Chinese market in the electric bus segment and the presence of market leading OEMs in the country as well, resulting in the exponential growth of electric commercial vehicle industry in Asia Pacific. The large volumes of electric bus, favorable regulations for electric commercial vehicles, and rapidly growing logistics sector are projected to boost the electric commercial vehicle market in the region.

"European market is expected to register the fastest growth during the forecast period"

The European region is projected to be the fastest-growing market during the forecast period. The increasing demand for electric vans in the logistics sector and the focus on electrification of the public transport fleet are driving the electric commercial vehicle market in Europe. The region is a hub to major players such as AB Volvo (Sweden), VDL Bus and Coach (Netherlands), Daimler (Germany), CAF (Spain), EBUSCO (Netherlands), Scania (Sweden), and Emoss Mobile Systems (Netherlands). Europe is a key region for innovations; significant R&D; and technological advancements in electric vehicles, battery technologies, and charging solutions.

France is the largest market in Europe, followed by Germany. France, which is one of the leading automotive hubs in the European region, is home to many established OEMs providing electric vehicles and also has a higher adoption rate for electric commercial vehicles.

In-depth interviews were conducted with CEOs, marketing directors, other innovation and technology directors, and executives from various key organizations operating in this market.

  • By Company Type: Tier I - 40%, Tier II - 42%, and Tier III - 18%,
  • By Designation: C Level - 57%, D Level - 29%, and Others - 14%
  • By Region: North America - 39%, Europe - 33%, and Asia Pacific - 28%

The electric commercial vehicle market comprises major manufacturers such as BYD (China), Yutong (China), Proterra (US), VDL Groep (Netherlands), and AB Volvo (Sweden).

Research Coverage:

The market study covers the electric commercial vehicle market across segments. It aims at estimating the market size and future growth potential of this market across different segments such as by propulsion type, vehicle type, range, battery type, length of bus, power output, battery capacity, component, autonomous vehicles, and region. The study also includes an in-depth competitive analysis of the key players in the market, along with their company profiles, key observations related to product and business offerings, recent developments, and key market strategies.

Key Benefits of Buying the Report:

  • The report will help market leaders/new entrants in this market with information on the closest approximations of revenue numbers for the overall electric commercial vehicle market and its subsegments.
  • This report will help stakeholders understand the competitive landscape and gain more insights to better position their businesses and plan suitable go-to-market strategies.
  • The report also helps stakeholders understand the pulse of the market and provides them with information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
  • 1.2 MARKET DEFINITION
    • 1.2.1 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS
  • 1.3 MARKET SCOPE
    • 1.3.1 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR STUDY
  • 1.4 PACKAGE SIZE
  • 1.5 STAKEHOLDERS

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • 2.1 RESEARCH DATA
    • 2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA
      • 2.1.1.1 Key secondary sources for electric commercial vehicle sales
      • 2.1.1.2 Key data from secondary sources
    • 2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA
      • 2.1.2.1 Sampling techniques & data collection methods
    • 2.1.3 PRIMARY PARTICIPANTS
  • 2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION
  • 2.3 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION
  • 2.4 ASSUMPTIONS & ASSOCIATED RISKS

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS

  • 4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET
  • 4.2 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET GROWTH RATE, BY REGION
  • 4.3 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE
  • 4.4 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY PROPULSION
  • 4.5 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY RANGE
  • 4.6 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY LENGTH OF BUS
  • 4.7 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY BATTERY TYPE
  • 4.8 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY BATTERY CAPACITY TYPE
  • 4.9 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY POWER OUTPUT TYPE

5 MARKET OVERVIEW

  • 5.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS
    • 5.2.1 DRIVERS
      • 5.2.1.1 Increasing demand for emission-free commercial vehicles and rising adoption of electric vehicles in the logistics industry
    • 5.2.2 RESTRAINTS
      • 5.2.2.1 High development cost
    • 5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES
      • 5.2.3.1 Government support for electric commercial vehicles
      • 5.2.3.2 New revenue pockets in Asia Pacific and Northern Europe
    • 5.2.4 CHALLENGES
      • 5.2.4.1 Limited battery capacity
      • 5.2.4.2 Lack of charging infrastructure
  • 5.3 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, SCENARIOS (2018-2027)
    • 5.3.1 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, MOST LIKELY SCENARIO
    • 5.3.2 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO
    • 5.3.3 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO
  • 5.4 REVENUE SHIFT AND HOT BETS IN THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET

6 INDUSTRY TRENDS

  • 6.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 6.2 ROBO-TAXI
  • 6.3 HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY
  • 6.4 SMART ELECTRIC DRIVE
  • 6.5 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS
  • 6.6 INNOVATIVE CHARGING SOLUTIONS
    • 6.6.1 OFF-BOARD TOP-DOWN PANTOGRAPH CHARGING SYSTEM
    • 6.6.2 ON-BOARD BOTTOM-UP-PANTOGRAPH CHARGING SYSTEM
  • 6.7 GROUND-BASED STATIC CHARGING SYSTEM
  • 6.8 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES MODEL ANALYSIS

7 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY COMPONENT

  • 7.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 7.2 ELECTRIC MOTOR
  • 7.3 EV BATTERY
  • 7.4 HYDROGEN FUEL CELL STACK

8 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

  • 8.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 8.2 ELECTRIC AUTONOMOUS TRUCK
  • 8.3 ELECTRIC AUTONOMOUS BUS

9 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY BATTERY TYPE

  • 9.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 9.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 9.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 9.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 9.3 LITHIUM-NICKEL-MANGANESE-COBALT OXIDE
    • 9.3.1 BATTERY TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS TO BOOST THE NMC BATTERY SEGMENT
  • 9.4 LITHIUM-IRON-PHOSPHATE
    • 9.4.1 REDUCING PRICES OF BATTERIES TO DRIVE THE MARKET
  • 9.5 OTHERS
    • 9.5.1 OEMS' FOCUS ON BATTERY R&D TO BOOST THE MARKET
  • 9.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

10 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY BATTERY CAPACITY

  • 10.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 10.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 10.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 10.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 10.3 LESS THAN 50 KWH
    • 10.3.1 HIGH ADOPTION RATE OF ELECTRIC VANS TO BOOST THE LESS THAN 50 KWH SEGMENT
  • 10.4 50-250 KWH
    • 10.4.1 OEMS OFFERING AFFORDABLE ELECTRIC BUSES AND PICK-UP TRUCKS IN ASIA PACIFIC EXPECTED TO DRIVE THE 50-250 KWH MARKET
  • 10.5 ABOVE 250 KWH
    • 10.5.1 CHINESE ELECTRIC BUS FLEET IS DOMINATED BY BUSES WITH MORE THAN 250 KWH BATTERY CAPACITY
  • 10.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

11 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY LENGTH OF BUS

  • 11.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 11.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 11.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 11.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 11.3 LESS THAN 9 M
    • 11.3.1 MINI BUSES ARE QUITE USEFUL ON COMPACT ROADS
  • 11.4 9-14 M
    • 11.4.1 HIGH ADOPTION RATE OF ELECTRIC BUSES AS PUBLIC TRANSPORT FLEET IS DRIVING THE SEGMENT
  • 11.5 ABOVE 14 M
    • 11.5.1 INCREASING NUMBER OF DAILY COMMUTERS IN ASIA PACIFIC TO DRIVE THE ABOVE 14M SEGMENT
  • 11.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

12 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY POWER OUTPUT

  • 12.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 12.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 12.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 12.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 12.3 LESS THAN 100 KW
    • 12.3.1 LOGISTICS COMPANIES IN EUROPE ARE USING SMALL ELECTRIC VANS FOR SHIPPING
  • 12.4 100-250 KW
    • 12.4.1 START-UPS ARE DEVELOPING ENTRY-LEVEL ELECTRIC PICK-UP TRUCKS IN NORTH AMERICA
  • 12.5 ABOVE 250 KW
    • 12.5.1 INCREASING DEMAND FOR ELECTRIC TRUCKS WITH HIGH POWER OUTPUT TO DRIVE THE MARKET
  • 12.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

13 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY PROPULSION TYPE

  • 13.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 13.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 13.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 13.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 13.3 BEV
    • 13.3.1 BEV SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION
  • 13.4 FCEV
    • 13.4.1 FCEV BUSES ARE ALREADY IN OPERATION IN ASIA PACIFIC REGION
  • 13.5 PHEV
    • 13.5.1 ASIA PACIFIC REGION IS PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE PHEV SEGMENT
  • 13.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

14 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY RANGE

  • 14.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 14.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 14.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 14.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 14.3 LESS THAN 150 MILES
    • 14.3.1 AFFORDABLE ELECTRIC VANS TO DRIVE THE LESS THAN 150 MILES SEGMENT
  • 14.4 150-300 MILES
    • 14.4.1 HIGH ADOPTION RATE OF ELECTRIC BUSES TO BOOST THE MARKET
  • 14.5 ABOVE 300 MILES
    • 14.5.1 ADVANCEMENTS IN BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES WOULD DRIVE THE ABOVE 300 MILES SEGMENT MARKET
  • 14.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

15 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE

  • 15.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 15.2 OPERATIONAL DATA
    • 15.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS
    • 15.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 15.3 ELECTRIC BUS
    • 15.3.1 PRESENCE OF MAJOR OEMS IN ASIA PACIFIC WILL BOOST THE DEMAND
  • 15.4 ELECTRIC PICK-UP TRUCK
    • 15.4.1 ASIA PACIFIC TO LEAD THE ELECTRIC PICK-UP TRUCK MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • 15.5 ELECTRIC TRUCK
    • 15.5.1 ADVANCEMENTS IN BATTERY TECHNOLOGY TO BOOST THE ELECTRIC TRUCK MARKET
  • 15.6 ELECTRIC VAN
    • 15.6.1 INCREASING DEMAND FROM LOGISTICS SECTOR WILL DRIVE THE ELECTRIC VAN MARKET
  • 15.7 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS

16 ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION

  • 16.1 INTRODUCTION
  • 16.2 ASIA PACIFIC TO LEAD THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • 16.3 ASIA PACIFIC
    • 16.3.1 CHINA
      • 16.3.1.1 Electric buses to dominate the Chinese market
    • 16.3.2 JAPAN
      • 16.3.2.1 Japan has many renowned OEMs providing advanced electric vans
    • 16.3.3 INDIA
      • 16.3.3.1 India to witness rapid growth in electric commercial vehicle market
    • 16.3.4 SOUTH KOREA
      • 16.3.4.1 South Korea started focusing on electrifying public transport
  • 16.4 EUROPE
    • 16.4.1 FRANCE
      • 16.4.1.1 French market is dominated by electric van segment
    • 16.4.2 GERMANY
      • 16.4.2.1 Five German cities to electrify their public transport fleet thus boosting the electric bus segment in the country
    • 16.4.3 SPAIN
      • 16.4.3.1 Spanish government's focus towards replacing the existing transport fleet is expected to positively impact the electric bus segment
    • 16.4.4 AUSTRIA
      • 16.4.4.1 Electric van segment to lead the Austrian market
    • 16.4.5 NORWAY
      • 16.4.5.1 Advanced and efficient electric vans to replace conventional logistics means
    • 16.4.6 SWEDEN
      • 16.4.6.1 Presence of market leading OEMs to boost the Swedish electric commercial vehicle market
    • 16.4.7 SWITZERLAND
      • 16.4.7.1 Favorable government regulations to help Swiss electric commercial vehicle market grow
    • 16.4.8 THE NETHERLANDS
      • 16.4.8.1 Presence of OEMs to play an important role in the Netherlands electric commercial vehicle market
    • 16.4.9 BELGIUM
      • 16.4.9.1 Higher adoption rate to benefit the Belgium electric commercial vehicle market
    • 16.4.10 UK
      • 16.4.10.1 Favorable regulations for emission-free buses to help the UK electric commercial vehicle market grow
  • 16.5 NORTH AMERICA
    • 16.5.1 US
      • 16.5.1.1 Electric pick-up segment to lead the US electric commercial vehicle market
    • 16.5.2 CANADA
      • 16.5.2.1 Electric truck segment to dominate the Canadian electric commercial vehicle market
  • 16.6 MARKET LEADERS

17 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

  • 17.1 OVERVIEW
  • 17.2 MARKET RANKING ANALYSIS
  • 17.3 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO
    • 17.3.1 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
    • 17.3.2 MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
    • 17.3.3 PARTNERSHIPS/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/COLLABORATIONS/ JOINT VENTURES/LICENSE AGREEMENTS
    • 17.3.4 EXPANSIONS
  • 17.4 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING
    • 17.4.1 VISIONARY LEADERS
    • 17.4.2 INNOVATORS
    • 17.4.3 DYNAMIC DIFFERENTIATORS
    • 17.4.4 EMERGING COMPANIES
  • 17.5 SME COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING
    • 17.5.1 PROGRESSIVE COMPANY
    • 17.5.2 RESPONSIVE COMPANIES
    • 17.5.3 DYNAMIC COMPANIES
    • 17.5.4 STARTING BLOCKS
  • 17.6 WINNERS VS. TAIL-ENDERS

18 COMPANY PROFILES

(Business overview, Recent developments & SWOT analysis)*

  • 18.1 BYD
  • 18.2 YUTONG
  • 18.3 PROTERRA
  • 18.4 VDL GROEP
  • 18.5 AB VOLVO
  • 18.6 DAIMLER AG
  • 18.7 NFI GROUP
  • 18.8 CAF
  • 18.9 EBUSCO BV
  • 18.10 KING LONG
  • 18.11 ANKAI
  • 18.12 ZHONGTONG BUS HOLDING
  • 18.13 OTHER KEY PLAYERS
    • 18.13.1 NORTH AMERICA
      • 18.13.1.1 Blue Bird Corporation
      • 18.13.1.2 Rivian
      • 18.13.1.3 Zenith Motors
      • 18.13.1.4 Chanje Energy
      • 18.13.1.5 Bollinger Motors
      • 18.13.1.6 Workhorse Group
      • 18.13.1.7 Nikola Motor Company
      • 18.13.1.8 Xos Trucks
      • 18.13.1.9 Atlis Motor Vehicles
    • 18.13.2 ASIA
      • 18.13.2.1 Tata Motors
      • 18.13.2.2 Ashok Leyland
      • 18.13.2.3 Changsha Sunda New Energy Technology Co., Ltd
      • 18.13.2.4 KaiYun Motors
      • 18.13.2.5 Infraprimelogistics Technologies PVT. LTD. (IPLT)
    • 18.13.3 EUROPE
      • 18.13.3.1 Scania
      • 18.13.3.2 Irizar
      • 18.13.3.3 Emoss Mobile Systems
      • 18.13.3.4 Arrival

Details on Business overview, Recent developments & SWOT analysis might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

19 RECOMMENDATIONS BY MARKETSANDMARKETS

  • 19.1 ASIA PACIFIC WILL BE THE MAJOR MARKET FOR ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLES
  • 19.2 ELECTRIC VAN CAN BE A KEY FOCUS FOR MANUFACTURERS
  • 19.3 CONCLUSION

20 APPENDIX

  • 20.1 KEY INSIGHTS OF INDUSTRY EXPERTS
  • 20.2 CURRENCY
  • 20.3 DISCUSSION GUIDE
  • 20.4 KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS' SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL
  • 20.5 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS
  • 20.6 RELATED REPORTS
  • 20.7 AUTHOR DETAILS

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE 1: MARKET DEFINITION
  • TABLE 2: INCLUSIONS
  • TABLE 3: GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS FOR THE PROMOTION OF ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SALES
  • TABLE 4: BATTERY CAPACITIES OF POPULAR ELECTRIC BUSES
  • TABLE 5: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET (MOST LIKELY), BY REGION, 2019-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 6: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET (OPTIMISTIC), BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 7: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET (PESSIMISTIC), BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 8: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SIZE, BY BATTERY TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 9: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON BATTERY TYPE
  • TABLE 10: LITHIUM-NICKEL-MANGANESE-COBALT OXIDE: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 11: LITHIUM-IRON-PHOSPHATE: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 12: OTHERS: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 13: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SIZE, BY BATTERY CAPACITY, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 14: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON BATTERY CAPACITY
  • TABLE 15: LESS THAN 50 KWH: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 16: 50-250 KWH: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 17: ABOVE 250 KWH: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 18: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SIZE, BY LENGTH OF BUS, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 19: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON LENGTH OF BUS
  • TABLE 20: LESS THAN 9 M: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 21: 9-14 M: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 22: ABOVE 14 M: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 23: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SIZE, BY POWER OUTPUT, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 24: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON POWER OUTPUT
  • TABLE 25: LESS THAN 100 KW: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 26: 100-250 KW: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS) 77  
  • TABLE 27: ABOVE 250 KW: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 28: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SIZE, BY PROPULSION TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 29: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON PROPULSION TYPE
  • TABLE 30: BEV: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 31: FCEV: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 32: PHEV: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 33: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SIZE, BY RANGE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 34: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON RANGE
  • TABLE 35: LESS THAN 150 MILES: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 36: 150-300 MILES: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 37: ABOVE 300 MILES: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 38: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 39: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DATA BASED ON VEHICLE TYPE
  • TABLE 40: ELECTRIC BUS: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 41: ELECTRIC PICK-UP TRUCK: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 42: ELECTRIC TRUCK: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 43: ELECTRIC VAN: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 44: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 45: ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 46: KEY GOVERNMENT POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS TO ADVANCE DEPLOYMENT OF ELECTRIC HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES
  • TABLE 47: CHINA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 48: KEY GOVERNMENT POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS TO ADVANCE DEPLOYMENT OF ELECTRIC HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES
  • TABLE 49: JAPAN: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 50: KEY GOVERNMENT POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS TO ADVANCE DEPLOYMENT OF ELECTRIC HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES
  • TABLE 51: INDIA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 52: KEY GOVERNMENT POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS TO ADVANCE DEPLOYMENT OF ELECTRIC HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES
  • TABLE 53: SOUTH KOREA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 54: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR EUROPEAN UNION
  • TABLE 55: EUROPE: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2017-2027 (UNITS) 104  
  • TABLE 56: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR FRANCE
  • TABLE 57: FRANCE: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 58: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR GERMANY
  • TABLE 59: GERMANY: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 60: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR SPAIN
  • TABLE 61: SPAIN: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 62: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR AUSTRIA
  • TABLE 63: AUSTRIA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 64: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR NORWAY
  • TABLE 65: NORWAY: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 66: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR SWEDEN
  • TABLE 67: SWEDEN: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 68: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR SWITZERLAND
  • TABLE 69: SWITZERLAND: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 70: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR THE NETHERLANDS
  • TABLE 71: THE NETHERLANDS: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 72: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR BELGIUM
  • TABLE 73: BELGIUM: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 74: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR UK
  • TABLE 75: UK: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 76: NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 77: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR US
  • TABLE 78: US: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 79: KEY EV POLICY MEASURES AND TARGETS FOR CANADA
  • TABLE 80: CANADA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2017-2027 (UNITS)
  • TABLE 81: RECENT DEVELOPMENT
  • TABLE 82: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS, 2017-2019
  • TABLE 83: MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS, 2017-2019
  • TABLE 84: PARTNERSHIPS/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/ AGREEMENTS, 2017-2019
  • TABLE 85: EXPANSIONS, 2017-2019
  • TABLE 86: WINNERS VS. TAIL-ENDERS
  • TABLE 87: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 88: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 129  
  • TABLE 89: EXPANSIONS
  • TABLE 90: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 91: BYD TOTAL SALES, 2015-2018 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 92: NET PROFIT, 2015-2018 (USD MILLION)
  • TABLE 93: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 94: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 95: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 96: PARTNERSHIPS/ COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 97: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 98: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 99: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 100: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 101: PRODUCT OFFERINGS
  • TABLE 102: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 103: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 104: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 105: TOTAL SALES, 2015-2018 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 106: NET PROFIT, 2015-2018 (USD MILLION)
  • TABLE 107: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 108: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 109: EXPANSIONS
  • TABLE 110: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 111: TOTAL SALES, 2015-2018 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 112: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 113: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 114: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 115: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 116: TOTAL SALES, 2015-2018 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 117: NET PROFIT, 2015-2018 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 118: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 119: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 120: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 121: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 122: PRODUCT OFFERINGS
  • TABLE 123: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 124: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 125: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/CONTRACTS & AGREEMENTS/ MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 150  
  • TABLE 126: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 127: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 128: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 129: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 130: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 131: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 132: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
  • TABLE 133: PRODUCTS OFFERED
  • TABLE 134: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 135: PRODUCT OFFERING
  • TABLE 136: EXPANSION
  • TABLE 137: CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES (W.R.T. USD)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • FIGURE 1: MARKET SEGMENTATION: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET
  • FIGURE 2: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN
  • FIGURE 3: RESEARCH DESIGN MODEL
  • FIGURE 4: BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS
  • FIGURE 5: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET
  • FIGURE 6: DATA TRIANGULATION
  • FIGURE 7: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS
  • FIGURE 8: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2020-2027
  • FIGURE 9: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2020 VS 2027
  • FIGURE 10: INCREASING DEMAND FOR FUEL-EFFICIENT AND EMISSION-FREE VEHICLES IS EXPECTED TO BOOST THE GROWTH OF ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET FROM 2020 TO 2027
  • FIGURE 11: EUROPE IS ESTIMATED TO BE THE FASTEST GROWING ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET FROM 2020 TO 2027
  • FIGURE 12: BUS IS ESTIMATED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 13: BEV IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 14: 150-300 MILES IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT IN ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, 2020 VS 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 15: 9-14 M IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT IN ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, 2020 VS 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 16: LITHIUM-NICKEL-MANGANESE-COBALT OXIDE IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT IN ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, 2020 VS 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 17: ABOVE 250 KWH IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT IN ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, 2020 VS 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 18: ABOVE 250 KWH IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT IN ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, 2020 VS 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 19: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS
  • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL FUEL ECONOMY AND CO2 EMISSION DATA (2016-2025)
  • FIGURE 21: DECLINE IN BATTERY PRICE/KWH, 2010-2018
  • FIGURE 22: AVERAGE COST OF DIESEL BUS VS ELECTRIC BUS
  • FIGURE 23: ASIA PACIFIC IS EXPECTED TO EMERGE AS THE BEST MARKET FOR INVESTMENT IN THE NEXT 5 YEARS
  • FIGURE 24: NMC SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • FIGURE 25: OEMS FOCUSING ON PROVIDING LOW COST BATTERIES WITH LESS CAPACITY
  • FIGURE 26: 9-14 M SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • FIGURE 27: ABOVE 250 KW SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • FIGURE 28: BEV SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • FIGURE 29: LESS THAN 150 MILES SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET IN THE FORECAST PERIOD
  • FIGURE 30: ELECTRIC VAN SEGMENT TO GROW AT A HIGHER CAGR DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD (2020-2027)
  • FIGURE 31: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY REGION, 2020 VS. 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 32: ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 33: EUROPE: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020 VS. 2027 (UNITS)
  • FIGURE 34: NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 35: MARKET RANKING 2018
  • FIGURE 36: KEY DEVELOPMENTS BY LEADING PLAYERS, 2017-2019
  • FIGURE 37: ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2019
  • FIGURE 38: SME ELECTRIC COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2019
  • FIGURE 39: BYD: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 40: BYD: SWOT ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 41: YUTONG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 42: YUTONG: SWOT ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 43: PROTERRA: SWOT ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 44: VDL GROEP: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 45: VDL GROEP: SWOT ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 46: AB VOLVO: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 47: AB VOLVO: SWOT ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 48: DAIMLER AG.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 49: NFI GROUP: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 50: CAF: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 51: KING LONG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 52: ANKAI: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • FIGURE 53: ZHONGTONG BUS HOLDING: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
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