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市場調查報告書
商品編碼
1032822

全球燃料電池市場-預測(2021-2026)

Fuel Cells Market - Forecasts from 2021 to 2026

出版日期: | 出版商: Knowledge Sourcing Intelligence | 英文 119 Pages | 商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

全球燃料電池市場預計將從 2019 年的 2,528,202,000 美元增長至 2026 年的 7,350,389,000 美元,預測期內復合年增長率為 16.47%。

燃料電池具有電化學能量轉換機制,可將氫和氧轉化為電能和熱能。燃料電池類似於電池,因為它們可以在供電的同時充電。然而,燃料電池使用氫氣和氧氣充電,而不是像電池那樣使用電力。

基本系統包含兩個電極,一個陽極和一個陰極,由電解質隔開。在催化劑的幫助下在電極的一端產生離子(帶電粒子)的過程然後通過電解質並以電化學方式發電。這種能量可以用來發電。

燃料電池利用化學反應代替燃燒過程。由於燃料電池基本上是小型和模塊化的,因此它們非常適合作為各種應用的電源,從電動汽車到並網商用電源。燃料電池技術正在被推廣為一種新的清潔和綠色發電方式,能夠以固定和移動應用的燃燒方式取代傳統發電技術。

本報告調查了全球燃料電池市場,並提供了市場概況/結果、按類型/應用/地區劃分的市場分析、競爭形勢、主要公司簡介等。

目錄

第 1 章介紹

  • 市場定義
  • 市場細分

第二章調查方法

  • 調查數據
  • 先決條件

第 3 章執行摘要

  • 調查亮點

第 4 章市場動態

  • 市場驅動因素
  • 市場限制
  • 波特五力分析
    • 供應商談判權
    • 買方的議價能力
    • 新進入者的威脅
    • 替代威脅
    • 競爭對手之間的敵對關係
  • 功能價值鏈分析

第 5 章燃料電池市場分析:按類型

  • 簡介
  • 聚合物電解質燃料電池 (PEM)
  • 熔融碳酸鹽燃料電池 (MCFC)
  • 磷酸鹽燃料電池 (PAFC)
  • 固體氧化物燃料電池 (SOFC)
  • 直接甲醇燃料電池 (DMFC)

第 6 章燃料電池市場分析:按應用

  • 簡介
  • 便攜型
  • 固定式
  • 用於運輸設備

第 7 章燃料電池市場分析:按地區

  • 簡介
  • 北美
    • 美國
    • 加拿大
    • 墨西哥
  • 南美洲
    • 巴西
    • 阿根廷
    • 其他
  • 歐洲
    • 英國
    • 德國
    • 意大利
    • 西班牙
    • 其他
  • 中東/非洲
    • 以色列
    • 沙特阿拉伯
    • 其他
  • 亞太地區
    • 中國
    • 日本
    • 印度
    • 澳大利亞
    • 韓國
    • 台灣
    • 泰國
    • 印度尼西亞
    • 其他

第八章競爭環境與分析

  • 主要公司和戰略分析
  • 初創企業和市場盈利能力
  • 合併/收購/協議/合作
  • 供應商競爭力矩陣

第九章公司簡介

  • Ballard Power Systems
  • FuelCell Energy, Inc.
  • Hydrogenics
  • PLUG POWER INC
  • Ceres Power Holdings plc
  • AFC Energy PLC
  • Altergy
  • NUVERA FUEL CELLS, LLC
  • Arcola Energy Limited
  • Cummins
目錄
Product Code: KSI061610474

The fuel cells market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 16.47% over the forecast period to reach a market size of US$7,350.389 million in 2026 from US$2,528.202 million in 2019.

Introduction.

A fuel cell features an electrochemical energy conversion mechanism that converts hydrogen and oxygen into electricity and heat. A fuel cell is similar to a battery in that it can be recharged while power is being drawn from it. But a fuel cell is recharged using hydrogen and oxygen, instead of electricity as in the case of a battery. The basic system includes two electrodes, an anode, and a cathode, divided by an electrolyte. The process of formation of ions (charged particles) at one end of electrodes with the help of a catalyst, which is then passed via the electrolyte, causes the production of power electrochemically. This power can be used for generating electricity. A fuel cell uses chemical reactions instead of a combustion process. A fuel cell is basically small and modular in nature, which makes it perfect for use as a power source in various applications ranging from electric vehicles to grid-connected utility power units Fuel cell technology, with its ability to replace traditional power generating technologies based on combustion methods for stationary and mobile applications, is being promoted as a new clean and green power generation approach.

In an era characterized by rising concerns over greenhouse gases, carbon footprint, and climate change, the technology is steadily gaining popularity by virtue of its ability to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, toxic pollutants, and reliance on imported fuels, and also enhance global energy security. Depleting stocks and rising costs of fossil fuels are triggering concerns over how the world would address future fuel needs in industrial and transportation applications. Multi-fuel fuel cells have lower nitrogen and Sulphur emissions.

Market Trends.

Increasing demand for unconventional sources of energy is one of the key factors driving the growth. Growing private-public partnerships and reduced environmental impact are other factors anticipated to propel the demand. Governments across the world are expected to supplement the developments by offering support in various forms, such as funding research activities and suitable financing programs. Developing a robust regulatory and policy framework is especially important as government enterprises need to provide an environment that is suitable for investment. Factors such as flexibility to use different fuels, high efficiency, and utilization of direct current are the key factors expected to propel the demand for stationary fuel cells over the forecast period.

Growth Factors.

Advanced operational capability.

Fuel cells generate energy from fuels such as methanol and natural gas and produce heat and water. The type of fuel required for operations depends not only on the type of the membrane but also on the type of catalyst used in the fuel cell. Some fuel cells based on the proton-exchange membrane (PEM) require pure hydrogen for operations, while others are fuel-flexible, thereby providing ease of operation to users. For instance, phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFCs), solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), alkaline fuel cells (AFCs), and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) can operate properly without the availability of pure hydrogen. Fuel flexibility refers to the operational capability of these fuel cells that are widely and easily available in conventional or non-conventional fuels. This is projected to present lucrative opportunities for manufacturers in the advances in the fuel cell technology market and encourage advancements even when there is a lack of availability of pure hydrogen.

Restraints.

Heavy dependence on hydrogen.

Fuel cell operations rely highly on hydrogen. Hydrogen infrastructure includes hydrogen production, storage, transportation, and distribution. Once hydrogen is produced, it needs to be distributed. It can be sent to point-of-use either through pipelines or through different means of transportation. The commercial roll-out of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles depends on the availability of hydrogen fuel pumps. The US has the largest number of hydrogen refueling stations, which are major centers for fuel cell vehicles. Due to these factors, the country is projected to be the largest market during the forecast period, as well as Japan and Germany will remain favorable markets for fuel cell vehicles. However, other parts of the world lack the infrastructure necessary for the delivery of hydrogen.

The limited infrastructure of hydrogen fueling can impact the future demand for hydrogen generation by fuel cell-powered vehicles. Heavy investment and intensive support by public and private entities would be required to develop hydrogen fueling stations. Thus, the absence of supporting infrastructure prohibits the growth of the hydrogen-based fuel cells technology market at present.

Impact of COVID-19 on the Fuel Cells Market

According to IEA, the COVID-19 crisis has significantly impacted the addition of renewable power capacity. According to IEA estimates, the number of new renewable power installations worldwide is set to fall in 2020 due to the unprecedented COVID-19 crisis globally. This marks the first annual decline in 20 years since 2000 for renewable energy capacity addition. The impact of the outbreak on global supply chains will affect hydrogen-based technologies, for which a coordinated supply chain and significant capital are required for the demonstration. According to IEA, current hydrogen demand from oil refining, steel manufacturing, and the chemicals sector has been impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak. According to IEA, gasoline consumption will reduce by 9%, diesel by 6%, and jet fuel by 26% in 2020, while the demand for key chemicals produced using hydrogen (such as methanol) has dropped by 7%.

Competitive Insights.

The increasing demand for fuel cells has led to the entry of several new players in the fuel cells market. Now, to increase their clientele as well as increase their market share in the upcoming years, many of these market players have taken various strategic actions like partnerships and the development of novel solutions, which is expected to keep the market competitive and constantly evolving. Major market players like Ballard Power Systems, FuelCell Energy, Inc., and Hydrogenics have been covered along with their relative competitive strategies, and the report also mentions recent deals and investments of different market players over the last few years. The company profiles section details the business overview, financial performance (public companies) for the past few years, key products and services being offered along with the recent deals and investments of these important players in the fuel cells market.

Segmentation:

By Type

  • Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEM)
  • Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC)
  • Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFC)
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)
  • Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC)

By Application

  • Portable
  • Stationary
  • Transport

By Geography

  • North America
    • USA
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • South America
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
    • Others
  • Europe
    • UK
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Spain
    • Others
  • Middle East and Africa
    • Israel
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Others
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • India
    • Australia
    • South Korea
    • Taiwan
    • Thailand
    • Indonesia
    • Others

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. Market Definition
  • 1.2. Market Segmentation

2. Research Methodology

  • 2.1. Research Data
  • 2.2. Assumptions

3. Executive Summary

  • 3.1. Research Highlights

4. Market Dynamics

  • 4.1. Market Drivers
  • 4.2. Market Restraints
  • 4.3. Porter's Five Forces Analysis
    • 4.3.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 4.3.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 4.3.3. The Threat of New Entrants
    • 4.3.4. Threat of Substitutes
    • 4.3.5. Competitive Rivalry in the Industry
  • 4.4. Industry Value Chain Analysis

5. Fuel Cells Market Analysis, By Type

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEM)
  • 5.3. Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC)
  • 5.4. Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFC)
  • 5.5. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)
  • 5.6. Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC)

6. Fuel Cells Market Analysis, By Application

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Portable
  • 6.3. Stationary
  • 6.4. Transport

7. Fuel Cells Market Analysis, By Geography

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. North America
    • 7.2.1. United States
    • 7.2.2. Canada
    • 7.2.3. Mexico
  • 7.3. South America
    • 7.3.1. Brazil
    • 7.3.2. Argentina
    • 7.3.3. Others
  • 7.4. Europe
    • 7.4.1. UK
    • 7.4.2. Germany
    • 7.4.3. Italy
    • 7.4.4. Spain
    • 7.4.5. Others
  • 7.5. Middle East and Africa
    • 7.5.1. Israel
    • 7.5.2. Saudi Arabia
    • 7.5.3. Others
  • 7.6. Asia Pacific
    • 7.6.1. China
    • 7.6.2. Japan
    • 7.6.3. India
    • 7.6.4. Australia
    • 7.6.5. South Korea
    • 7.6.6. Taiwan
    • 7.6.7. Thailand
    • 7.6.8. Indonesia
    • 7.6.9. Others

8. Competitive Environment and Analysis

  • 8.1. Major Players and Strategy Analysis
  • 8.2. Emerging Players and Market Lucrativeness
  • 8.3. Mergers, Acquisitions, Agreements, and Collaborations
  • 8.4. Vendor Competitiveness Matrix

9. Company Profiles

  • 9.1. Ballard Power Systems
  • 9.2. FuelCell Energy, Inc.
  • 9.3. Hydrogenics
  • 9.4. PLUG POWER INC
  • 9.5. Ceres Power Holdings plc
  • 9.6. AFC Energy PLC
  • 9.7. Altergy
  • 9.8. NUVERA FUEL CELLS, LLC
  • 9.9. Arcola Energy Limited
  • 9.10. Cummins