市場調查報告書

電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041

Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 969590
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 235 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041 Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041
出版日期: 2020年11月10日內容資訊: 英文 235 Slides
簡介

標題
電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041
COVID調整了電動,插電式混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041的區域銷售,滲透率,電池需求和市場價值預測。歐洲,中國和美國:電氣化的參與者,技術和推動力。

精明的企業正在認識到,使輕型商用車車隊電氣化不僅是向客戶展示其綠色資歷的成功機制,而且正日益成為審慎的經濟決策。

儘管在每個關鍵的地理市場中,商用車電氣化的動機各不相同,但每個市場中都有強大的推動力,正推動著它們迅速取代傳統的內燃發動機而採用電動馬達。

新的,經COVID調整的IDTechEx預測報告 "電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041" 提供了關鍵地區電動輕型商用車採用20年的詳細前景;中國,歐洲,美國和世界其他地區。

該報告包含概述eLCV銷售,滲透率,市場收入和電池需求的市場預測。該報告對於整個汽車行業的公司(包括OEM,電池製造商,電力傳動系統零件和系統供應商,材料和研究機構,為基礎設施開發商,政府機構和擁有大量LCV車隊的公司)具有巨大的價值。

IDTechEx電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041的預測細分:

  • 通過技術:電池電動(BEV),插電式混合動力(PHEV)和燃料電池電動(FCEV)輕型商用車
  • 按地理區域劃分:北美,中國,歐洲(EU + EFTA)和ROW以及全球總體預測。
  • 20年前景:銷售額(單位),市場滲透率(%),市場收入(美元)和電池需求(GWh)。

報告中還包括:

    [li] 2021-2041 eLCV銷售預測,每個歐洲國家/地區每年的LCV銷量超過75,000個(即比利時,法國,德國,意大利,荷蘭,西班牙,英國)和挪威。

與預測一起,電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041報告為每個關鍵區域的可尋址LCV市場提供了背景。描述這些地區中每個地區的eLCV市場的現狀,重點介紹主要參與者;並著眼於推動電動輕型商用車增長的不同驅動因素,包括總擁有成本方面的考慮。


2019年歐洲輕型商用車銷售來源:IDTechEx Electric,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041,ACEA


LCV市場在電動汽車快速普及方面具有獨特的地位,原因有以下幾個:

LCV購買決策通常是基於總運營成本(TCO)制定的。與燃料乘用車市場的私人客戶的情況相比,LCV購買者的決策過程以更大的程度取代了燃料,從而大大節省了電力(代替柴油),從而節省了電力通常是決定因素。在可以證明電動汽車的總擁有成本優勢的地方,這成為操作員駕駛電動汽車的競爭優勢。對於較小的貨車,有證據表明情況已經如此。對於大型貨車,總擁有成本的優勢取決於政府通過購買贈款獲得的支持水平。


小型貨車的累計成本(千美元)來源:IDTechEx電動,混合動力和燃料電池輕型商用車2021-2041


車隊經理對自己的車輛的日常職責有詳盡的瞭解。由於LCV運營商瞭解他們的車輛每天需要行駛的里程,因此對於LCV市場而言,範圍焦慮不應成為問題。OEM必須與客戶進行售前合作,首先瞭解他們的車輛在最壞的情況(冷,滿載,交通擁堵等)下是否能夠滿足日常任務,然後進一步與他們合作優化電池尺寸和充電策略以滿足客戶需求,從而降低車輛的前期成本並最大程度地減少已安裝電池的重量。

除了所有燃料驅動的汽車都普遍關注的燃油效率/CO2排放以及其對全球氣候的影響之外,eLCV的另一個驅動因素是廢氣排放對當地空氣質量的影響。LCV通常在城市環境中用作物流鏈中的關鍵要素。越來越多的證據表明,廢氣污染物的排放,尤其是NOx和PM的排放,對當地的空氣質量和公共衛生具有有害影響。直接的結果是,許多大城市正在引入限制污染車輛進入市中心的機制。內燃機驅動的車輛將越來越需要支付費用才能進入城市內的低排放區,從而大大增加了其運營成本。城市化和電子商務的持續增長勢必會增加對商品交付的需求,但擁擠的城市地區的廢氣排放關稅將使eLCV成為滿足需求的廉價方式。

總體擁有成本對LCV購買者來說很重要,並且將成為推動購買的動力,但是IDTechEx預計,在短期內,由商用車隊運營商開展的試點項目將逐步擴大,以確立eLCV滿足企業需求操作要求。驗證期對於車隊運營商確定實際運行中的車輛續航里程,負載容量,有效載荷重量和可靠性足以替代現有柴油車隊將是必要的。一旦證明了這一點,就會開始用eLCV廣泛替代老化的柴油LCV。

從IDTechEx進行分析訪問

所有報告購買都包括長達30分鐘的電話通話時間,該電話與一位專家分析師聯繫,他將幫助您將報告中的關鍵發現與您要解決的業務問題聯繫起來。需要在購買報告後的三個月內使用。

目錄

1。E XECUTIVE概要

  • 1.1。eLCV即將到來的繁榮
  • 1.2。電動LCV單位銷量BEV,PHEV,FCEV 2017-2041
  • 1.3。電動LCV和Covid-19
  • 1.4。插電式混合LCV
  • 1.5。全球預測要點
  • 1.6。預測Takeaw AYS
  • 1.7。2017-2041年按地區劃分的eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)銷量(萬輛)
  • 1.8。2017-2041年各地區eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)電池的預測(GWh)
  • 1.9。2017-2041年按地區劃分的eLCV市場收入(十億美元)

2。簡介N

  • 2.1。電動車條款
  • 2.2。電動汽車:基本原理
  • 2.3。電動汽車:典型規格
  • 2.4。LCV定義
  • 2.5。陸路貨物運輸的不同部分
  • 2.6。大眾公路卡車的類型
  • 2.7。LCV車隊說明(按地區)
  • 2.8。核心驅動力:氣候變化
  • 2.9。運輸產生的全球二氧化碳排放量
  • 2.10。LCV部門的二氧化碳排放量
  • 2.11。LCV部門的二氧化碳排放量
  • 2.12。城市空氣質量
  • 2.13。城市空氣質量
  • 2.14。城市空氣質量
  • 2.15。印度的污染
  • 2.16。公路運輸是城市氮氧化物的主要來源
  • 2.17。化石燃料禁令:解釋
  • 2.18。官方或經立法的化石燃料禁令(國家)
  • 2.19。非官方,起草或擬議的化石燃料禁令(國家)
  • 2.20。化石燃料禁令(城市)
  • 2.21。全球貨運業
  • 2.22。公路貨運市場
  • 2.23。預計全球公路貨運活動將增加
  • 2.24。電子商務的興起:貨運需求增加
  • 2.25。新LCV的燃油/排放法規
  • 2.26。輕型貨車的溫室氣體排放
  • 2.27。歐洲排放標準:LCV
  • 2.28。LCV電動化的驅動力
  • 2.29。E LCV市場驅動
  • 2.30。採用eLCV的注意事項
  • 2.31。eLCV提供足夠的範圍嗎?
  • 2.32。eLCV提供足夠的範圍嗎?
  • 2.33。eLCV提供足夠的範圍嗎?
  • 2.34。eLCV提供足夠的範圍嗎?
3。IDTECHEX TCO計算
  • 3.1。總擁有成本
  • 3.2。環境商譽不足以吸收eLCV
  • 3.3。eLCV的TCO注意事項
  • 3.4。克服低排放技術的障礙
  • 3.5。例如:eLCV的總體擁有成本(Renault Kangoo)
  • 3.6。示例:eLCV的TCO(日產e-NV200)
  • 3.7。柴油和eLCV之間的TCO平價時間表
  • 3.8。電動和柴油LCV成本平價
  • 3.9。IDTechEx電池電動貨車的TCO分析
  • 3。10. TCO:小型貨車
  • 3.11。TCO分析假設:小型貨車
  • 3.12。小型eVan收支平衡點
  • 3.13。小型eVan收支平衡:購買贈款
  • 3.14。小型eVan收支平衡:每日占空比範圍
  • 3.15。TCO:中型貨車
  • 3.16。TCO分析假設:中型貨車
  • 3.17。沒有購買授權的中等eVan收支平衡
  • 3.18。中型eVan收支平衡:購買贈款
  • 3.19。中型eVan收支平衡:每日工作週期範圍
  • 3.20。TCO:大型貨車
  • 3.21。TCO分析是假設:大型貨車
  • 3.22。沒有購買補助金的大型eVan收支平衡
  • 3.23。大型eVan收支平衡:購買贈款
  • 3.24。大型eVan收支平衡:每日工作週期範圍
  • 3.25。TCO摘要:小型,中型和大型電動貨車
  • 3.26。增強eVans的TCO優勢

4。歐洲

  • 4.1。歐洲:2019年LCV銷量
  • 4.2。歐洲輕型商用車市場
  • 4.3。歐洲在用LCV車隊和新註冊
  • 4.4。歐洲8大LCV車隊的新註冊
  • 4.5。2018歐洲eLCV銷售
  • 4.6。2019歐洲eLCV銷售
  • 4.7。歐洲eLCV銷量增加
  • 4.8。市場前景:國家和地方政策
  • 4.9。歐洲eLCV市場領導者
  • 4.10。在歐洲流行的電動輕型卡車
  • 4.11。StreetScooter時間軸
  • 4.12。StreetScooter:路的盡頭
  • 4.13。2019大型eLCV的興起?
  • 4.14。移動者2019:戴姆勒進入競爭
  • 4.15。大量增加eVan型號選擇
  • 4.16。新型e-LCV車型 4.17。福特全順定制PHEV
  • 4.18。可用的PHEV LCV
  • 4.19。插電式混合LCV
  • 4.20。2020年eLCV的大訂單
  • 4.21。新來港定居人士
  • 4.22。到達的商業模式
  • 4.23。歐洲提供eLCV的規格
  • 4.24。歐洲的電動輕型卡車:緊湊型多功能車
  • 4.25。英國電動艦隊聯盟

5。ELCVS在中國

  • 5.1。中國輕型商用車市場
  • 5.2。中國:電動專用車銷售2018
  • 5.3。中國:商用車銷售2019
  • 5.4。中國:2018年SPV產量前15名製造商
  • 5.5。中國:電動SPV生產2019
  • 5.6。中國新能源汽車eLCV產銷量在2019年下降
  • 5.7。中國最暢銷的新能源LCV
  • 5.8。中國最暢銷的新能源LCV
  • 5.9。中國最受歡迎的大型電動LCV
  • 5.10。中國:中國eLCV的主要電池供應商
  • 5.11。中國新能源汽車市場的電池供應商
  • 5.12。中國:中國eLC V的主要電機供應商
  • 5.13。中國LCV電動化的推動力
  • 5.14。城市目標
  • 5.15。市場前景:中國電動輕型卡車
  • 5.16。中國支持二,三線城市的e-SPV銷售
  • 5.17。帶有紫外線消毒功能的北汽EV5應對covid- 19

6。美國的ELCVS

  • 6.1。美國:2018年商用LCV銷售
  • 6.2。美國:2019年商用LCV銷售
  • 6.3。美國商用輕型商用車銷量增長
  • 6.4。美國LCV OEM銷售
  • 6.5。加州的高級清潔卡車單組特徵研
  • 6.6。CARB優惠券激勵項目
  • 6.7。閃電系統-電動福特過境貨運LCV
  • 6.8。主力C系列電動貨車
  • 6.9。裡維安/亞馬遜電力交付LCV
  • 6.10。Rivian:亞馬遜提供三種尺寸的LCV
  • 6.11。Bollinger Motors提供E全電動概念車
  • 6.12。業力汽車E-Flex Utility LCV
  • 6.13。福特:最後是一家在美國提供eVan選件的OEM
  • 6.14。通用汽車全電動交付LCV BV1
  • 6.15。在美國流行的電動LCV
  • 6.16。eLCV需求:企業電動汽車聯盟
  • 6.17。在美國推動LCV車隊電氣化的業務嗎?

7。行中的精靈

  • 7.1。豐田PROACE
  • 7.2。山到/DHL StreetScooter
  • 7.3。三菱MiniCab MiEV LCV
  • 7.4。現代Porter EV和Kia Bongo EV
  • 7.5。塔塔汽車王牌
  • 7.6。Mahindra eSupro貨運LCV
  • 7.7。Mahindra和REE eLCV合作
  • 7.8。Maruti Suzuki印度Eeco挑戰概念
  • 7.9。Croyance Electro 1.T和Electro 2.T
  • 7.10。SEA E4V交付LCV

8。技術

  • 8.1。鋰離子電池
    • 8.1.1。什麼是鋰離子電池?
    • 8.1.2。電池困境
    • 8.1。3.電化學定義
    • 8.1.4。鋰電池家族樹
    • 8.1.5。電池願望清單
    • 8.1.6。超過一種鋰離子電池
    • 8.1.7。NMC:111至811
    • 8.1.8。鈷:價格波動
    • 8.1.9。陰極性能比較
    • 8.1.10。811個商業化示例
    • 8.1.11。商業陽極:石墨
    • 8.1.12。矽基陽極的承諾
    • 8.1.13。矽的現實
    • 8.1.14。矽:增量步驟
    • 8.1 .15。單元格中有什麼?
    • 8.1.16。惰性材料會對能量密度產生負面影響
    • 8.1.17。商業電池包裝技術
    • 8.1.18。商業細胞幾何結構的比較
    • 8.1.19。什麼是NCMA?
    • 8.1.20。鋰離子電池以外的鋰電池
    • 8.1.21。鋰離子化學快照:2020,2025,2030
  • 8.2。電動牽引電機
    • 8.2.1。牽引電機:簡介
    • 8.2.2。牽引電機:簡介
    • 8.2 .3。無刷直流電動機(BLDC):工作原理
    • 8.2.4。BLDC電機:優勢與劣勢
    • 8.2.5。BLDC Motors:基準評分
    • 8.2.6。永磁同步電動機(PMSM):工作原理
    • 8.2.7。PMSM:優勢,劣勢
    • 8.2.8。PMSM:基準評分
    • 8.2.9。繞線轉子同步電動機(WRSM):工作原理
    • 8.2.10。WRSM汽車:標桿得分
    • 8.2.11。WRSM:優勢與劣勢
    • 8.2.12。交流感應電動機(ACIM):工作原理
    • 8.2.13。交流感應電動機(ACIM)
    • 8.2.14。交流感應電動機:基準評分
    • 8.2.15。交流感應電動機:優點,缺點
    • 8.2.16。磁阻電機
    • 8.2.17。磁阻電機:工作原理
    • 8.2.18。開關磁阻電機(SRM)
    • 8.2.19。開關磁阻電機:基準評分
    • 8.2.20。永磁輔助磁阻(PMAR)
    • 8.2.21。PMAR Motors:基準評分
  • 8.3。電動牽引電機:總結和基準測試結果
    • 8.3.1。牽引電機結構比較及優點
    • 8.3.2。標桿電動牽引電機
    • 8.3.3。電機效率比較
    • 8.3.4。磁鐵價格上漲?
    • 8.3.5。多電機:解釋
    • 8.3.6。輕型貨車和卡車
    • 8.3.7。每輛車的電機和每輛車的kWp假設
    • 8.3.8。刷式直流電:LCV的市場份額很小
    • 8.3.9。輕型卡車和卡車的汽車前景
  • 8.4。燃料電池
    • 8.4.1。質子交換膜燃料電池
    • 8.4.2。燃料電池效率低下和冷卻方法
    • 8.4.3。燃料電池的挑戰
    • 8.4.4。基礎設施成本
    • 8.4.5。美國的燃料電池充電基礎設施
    • 8 .4.6。每英里燃油成本:FCEV,BEV,內燃
    • 8.4.7。燃料電池LCV
    • 8.4.8。燃料電池LCV規格示例
    • 8.4.9。燃料電池LCV的前景

9。預測

  • 9.1。預測假設
  • 9.2。預測方法
  • 9.3。市場預測:歐洲eLCV的平均電池容量(kWh)2021-2041
  • 9.4。市場預測:中國eLCV的平均電池容量(kWh)2021-2041
  • 9.5。市場預測:美國2021-2041年eLCV(kWh)的平均電池容量城市
  • 9.6。市場預測:RoW 2021-2041中的eLCV的平均電池容量(kWh)
  • 9.7。LCV市場預測2017-2041
  • 9.8。LCV全球銷量(萬輛)2017-2041
  • 9.9。eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)全球銷量2017-2041
  • 9.10。2017-2041年各地區eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)的銷量
  • 9.11。eLCV 2017-2041年全球LCV市場份額預測
  • 9.12。2017-2041年全球eLCV電池需求量(GWh)
  • 9.13。2017-2041年按地區預測的eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)電池(GWh)
  • 9.14。2017-2041年eLCV市場收入預測(十億美元)
  • 9.15。2017-2041年按地區劃分的eLCV市場收入預測(十億美元)
  • 9.16。eLCV(FCEV)已安裝燃料電池的地區預測(MW)
  • 9.17。法國eLC V的普及和銷售,通往2041年的道路
  • 9.18。英國eLCV的普及和銷售,通往2041年的道路
  • 9.19。德國eLCV的普及和銷售,通往2041年的道路
目錄

Title:
Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041
COVID adjusted regional sales, penetration, battery demand and market value forecasts for electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel cell light commercial vehicles 2021-2041. Europe, China, and the US: players, technology, and drivers for electrification.

Astute businesses are recognising that electrifying their light commercial vehicle fleets is not only a successful mechanism by which they can demonstrate their green credentials to their customers, but is also, increasingly, the prudent economic decision.

Whilst there are differing motivations for commercial vehicle electrification in each of the key geographical markets, there are strong drivers in each which are pushing them towards the rapid adoption of electric motors in place of conventional internal combustion engines.

The new, COVID adjusted, IDTechEx forecast report "Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041" provides a detailed twenty-year outlook for the uptake of electric light commercial vehicles across key regions; China, Europe, the US, and the rest of the world.

The report contains market forecasts outlining eLCV sales, penetration, market revenue, and battery demand. This report will be of great value to companies across the automotive industry including OEMs, battery manufactures, electric drivetrain parts and systems suppliers, materials, and research organisations, charging infrastructure developers, government agencies and companies with significant LCV fleets.

IDTechEx Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041 forecast segmentation:

  • By technology: battery electric (BEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV) and fuel cell electric (FCEV) light commercial vehicles
  • By geography: North America, China, Europe (EU + EFTA) and ROW as well as an aggregate global forecast.
  • 20-year outlook: sales (units), market penetration (%), market revenue ($), and battery demand (GWh).

Also included with the report:

  • 2021-2041 eLCV sales forecasts for each European country with greater than 75,000 LCV units sales p.a. (i.e. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, UK) and Norway.

Along with the forecasts, the Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041 report provides a background to the addressable LCV market in each of the key regions; describes the current state of the eLCV market in each of these regions, highlighting the major players; and looks at the distinct drivers that are promoting the growth of electric light commercial vehicles including total cost of ownership considerations.


European Light Commercial Vehicle Sales 2019 Source: IDTechEx Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041, ACEA


The LCV market is uniquely positioned for the rapid uptake of electric vehicles for several reasons, which include:

LCV purchase decisions are commonly made on a total cost of operation (TCO) basis. The significant operational cost saving of electricity, in place of diesel, as a fuel is incorporated into the decision-making process of an LCV purchaser to a much greater degree than is the case for private customers in the electric passenger car market, where upfront cost is more often the determining factor. Where the TCO benefit of an electric vehicle can be demonstrated, it becomes a competitive advantage for operators to run electric vehicles. For smaller vans there is evidence that this is already the case. For larger vans, TCO advantage is dependent on the level of government support through purchase grants.


Cumulative Small Van Cost ($ thousands) Source: IDTechEx Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041


Fleet managers have a detailed knowledge of the daily duty requirements of their vehicles. As LCV operators understand the daily mileage they require from their vehicles, range anxiety should not be an issue for the LCV market. OEMs must work with their customers, pre-sale, to understand firstly if their vehicle can meet the daily duty demand in the worst case scenario (cold, fully laden, congested traffic, etc.) and further to this, to work with them to optimise the battery size and charging strategy to meet their customers' needs, with the effect of reducing the upfront cost of the vehicle and minimising the weight of the installed battery.

Along with the concerns common to all combustion driven vehicles around fuel efficiency / CO2 emission and the impact of this on the global climate, a further driver for eLCV is the effect of exhaust emissions on local air quality. LCVs are often employed in urban environments as a key element in the logistics chain. There is growing evidence of the detrimental impact that exhaust pollutant emissions, especially NOx and PM, have on local air quality and public health. As a direct result, many large cities are in the process of introducing mechanisms to limit the access of polluting vehicles to city centres. Combustion engine driven vehicles will increasingly have to pay to access low emission zones within cities, vastly increasing their operating costs. Urbanisation and the continued growth of e-commerce is set to increase demand for the delivery of goods, but the tariff on exhaust emissions in congested urban areas will make eLCV the cheapest way to meet the demand.

The total cost of ownership is important to LCV purchasers and will be a driving force for uptake, however in the short term IDTechEx expect there to be a period of progressively larger pilot projects, conducted by commercial fleet operators to establish that eLCVs meet the businesses' operational requirements. This period of validation will be necessary for fleet operators to determine that the vehicle range, load volume capacity, payload weight and reliability in real-world operation are sufficient to replace the existing diesel fleet. Once this has been shown, the widespread replacement of ageing diesel LCVs with eLCV will begin.

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Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. Imminent Boom in eLCVs
  • 1.2. Electric LCV Unit Sales BEV, PHEV, FCEV 2017-2041
  • 1.3. Electric LCVs and Covid-19
  • 1.4. Plug-in hybrid LCVs
  • 1.5. Global Forecast Takeaways
  • 1.6. Forecast Takeaways
  • 1.7. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) sales by region 2017-2041 (000s units)
  • 1.8. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) battery forecast by region 2017-2041 (GWh)
  • 1.9. eLCV market revenue forecast by region 2017-2041 ($US billion)

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Electric Vehicle Terms
  • 2.2. Electric Vehicles: Basic Principle
  • 2.3. Electric Vehicles: Typical Specs
  • 2.4. LCV Definition
  • 2.5. Different segments of goods transportation by land
  • 2.6. Types of popular on-road truck
  • 2.7. LCV fleet description by region
  • 2.8. The Core Driver: Climate Change
  • 2.9. Global CO2 emission from transport
  • 2.10. CO2 emissions from the LCV sector
  • 2.11. CO2 emission from the LCV sector
  • 2.12. Urban air quality
  • 2.13. Urban air quality
  • 2.14. Urban air quality
  • 2.15. Pollution in India
  • 2.16. Road transport the main source of urban NOx
  • 2.17. Fossil Fuel Bans: Explained
  • 2.18. Official or Legislated Fossil Fuel Bans (National)
  • 2.19. Unofficial, Drafted or Proposed Fossil Fuel Bans (National)
  • 2.20. Fossil Fuel Bans (Cities)
  • 2.21. The worldwide freight transport industry
  • 2.22. Road Freight Market
  • 2.23. Projected increase in global road freight activity
  • 2.24. The rise of e-commerce: increased freight demand
  • 2.25. Fuel / emissions regulation for new LCVs
  • 2.26. GHG emission from LCVs
  • 2.27. Europe Emissions Standards: LCVs
  • 2.28. Drivers for LCV Electrification
  • 2.29. eLCV Market Drivers
  • 2.30. Considerations for eLCV adoption
  • 2.31. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?
  • 2.32. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?
  • 2.33. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?
  • 2.34. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?

3. IDTECHEX TCO CALCULATIONS

  • 3.1. Total Cost of Ownership
  • 3.2. Environmental goodwill insufficient for uptake of eLCV
  • 3.3. TCO considerations for eLCV
  • 3.4. Overcoming barriers for low emission technologies
  • 3.5. Example: TCO for eLCV (Renault Kangoo)
  • 3.6. Example: TCO for eLCV (Nissan e-NV200)
  • 3.7. Timeline for TCO parity between diesel and eLCV
  • 3.8. Electric and diesel LCV cost parity
  • 3.9. IDTechEx Battery-Electric Van TCO Analysis
  • 3.10. TCO: Small Vans
  • 3.11. TCO Analysis Assumptions: Small Van
  • 3.12. Small eVan Break-Even Point
  • 3.13. Small eVan Break-Even: Purchase Grant
  • 3.14. Small eVan Break-Even: Daily Duty Cycle Range
  • 3.15. TCO: Medium Vans
  • 3.16. TCO Analysis Assumptions: Medium Van
  • 3.17. Medium eVan Break-Even Without Purchase Grant
  • 3.18. Medium eVan Break-Even: Purchase Grant
  • 3.19. Medium eVan Break-Even: Daily Duty Cycle Range
  • 3.20. TCO: Large Vans
  • 3.21. TCO Analysis Assumptions: Large Van
  • 3.22. Large eVan Break-Even Without Purchase Grant
  • 3.23. Large eVan Break-Even: Purchase Grant
  • 3.24. Large eVan Break-Even: Daily Duty Cycle Range
  • 3.25. TCO Summary: Small, Medium and Large Electric Vans
  • 3.26. Strengthening TCO advantage for eVans

4. EUROPE

  • 4.1. Europe: LCV sales 2019
  • 4.2. European market for LCVs
  • 4.3. European in-use LCV fleet and new registrations
  • 4.4. New registrations in Europe's 8 largest LCV fleets
  • 4.5. 2018 European eLCV Sales
  • 4.6. 2019 European eLCV Sales
  • 4.7. Increasing eLCV sales in Europe
  • 4.8. Market outlook: national and local policy
  • 4.9. European eLCV market leaders
  • 4.10. Popular e-LCVs in Europe
  • 4.11. StreetScooter Timeline
  • 4.12. StreetScooter: End of the Road
  • 4.13. 2019 Rise of the large eLCV?
  • 4.14. Movers 2019: Daimler enter the fray
  • 4.15. Vastly increasing eVan model choice
  • 4.16. New e-LCV models
  • 4.17. Ford Transit Custom PHEV
  • 4.18. Available PHEV LCVs
  • 4.19. Plug-in hybrid LCVs
  • 4.20. 2020 Large Orders for eLCV
  • 4.21. A New Arrival
  • 4.22. Arrival's Business Model
  • 4.23. Specifications of eLCVs available in Europe
  • 4.24. e-LCVs in Europe: compact utility vehicles
  • 4.25. UK Electric Fleets Coalition

5. ELCVS IN CHINA

  • 5.1. Chinese Market for LCVs
  • 5.2. China: Electric Special-Purpose Vehicle Sales 2018
  • 5.3. China: Commercial Vehicle Sales 2019
  • 5.4. China: SPV Production 2018 Top 15 Manufacturers
  • 5.5. China: Electric SPV Production 2019
  • 5.6. China NEV eLCV production / sales fall in 2019
  • 5.7. Best selling new energy LCVs in China
  • 5.8. Best selling new energy LCVs in China
  • 5.9. Popular Larger Electric LCVs in China
  • 5.10. China: Main Battery Suppliers to Chinese eLCVs
  • 5.11. Battery suppliers to the Chinese NEV SPV Market
  • 5.12. China: Main Motor Suppliers to Chinese eLCVs
  • 5.13. Drivers for the electrification of LCVs in China
  • 5.14. City Targets
  • 5.15. Market Outlook: China eLCVs
  • 5.16. China to support e-SPV sales in 2nd and 3rd Tier Cities
  • 5.17. BAIC EV5 with UV disinfection to counter covid-19

6. ELCVS IN THE US

  • 6.1. US: Commercial LCV Sales 2018
  • 6.2. US: Commercial LCV Sales 2019
  • 6.3. Growth in US commercial LCV sales
  • 6.4. US LCV Sales by OEM
  • 6.5. California's Advanced Clean Trucks Regulation
  • 6.6. CARB Voucher Incentive Project
  • 6.7. Lightning Systems - Electric Ford Transit Cargo LCV
  • 6.8. Workhorse C-Series Electric Delivery Trucks
  • 6.9. Rivian / Amazon electric delivery LCV
  • 6.10. Rivian: Three sizes of delivery LCV for Amazon
  • 6.11. Bollinger Motors Deliver-E All-Electric Concept LCV
  • 6.12. Karma Automotive E-Flex Utility LCV
  • 6.13. Ford: Finally an OEM offering an eVan option in the US
  • 6.14. General Motors All-Electric Delivery LCV BV1
  • 6.15. Popular Electric LCVs in the US
  • 6.16. eLCV Demand: Corporate Electric Vehicle Alliance
  • 6.17. Business to drive electrification of LCV fleet in US?

7. ELCVS IN THE ROW

  • 7.1. Toyota PROACE
  • 7.2. Yamato / DHL StreetScooter
  • 7.3. Mitsubishi MiniCab MiEV LCV
  • 7.4. Hyundai Porter EV and Kia Bongo EV
  • 7.5. Tata Motors Ace
  • 7.6. Mahindra eSupro Cargo LCV
  • 7.7. Mahindra and REE eLCV Partnership
  • 7.8. Maruti Suzuki India Eeco Charge Concept
  • 7.9. Croyance Electro 1.T and Electro 2.T
  • 7.10. SEA E4V Delivery LCV

8. TECHNOLOGIES

  • 8.1. Li-ion Batteries
    • 8.1.1. What is a Li-ion battery?
    • 8.1.2. The Battery Trilemma
    • 8.1.3. Electrochemistry Definitions
    • 8.1.4. Lithium-based Battery Family Tree
    • 8.1.5. Battery Wish List
    • 8.1.6. More Than One Type of Li-ion battery
    • 8.1.7. NMC: from 111 to 811
    • 8.1.8. Cobalt: Price Volatility
    • 8.1.9. Cathode Performance Comparison
    • 8.1.10. 811 Commercialisation Examples
    • 8.1.11. Commercial Anodes: Graphite
    • 8.1.12. The Promise of Silicon-based Anodes
    • 8.1.13. The Reality of Silicon
    • 8.1.14. Silicon: Incremental Steps
    • 8.1.15. What is in a Cell?
    • 8.1.16. Inactive Materials Negatively Affect Energy Density
    • 8.1.17. Commercial Battery Packaging Technologies
    • 8.1.18. Comparison of Commercial Cell Geometries
    • 8.1.19. What is NCMA?
    • 8.1.20. Lithium-based Batteries Beyond Li-ion
    • 8.1.21. Li-ion Chemistry Snapshot: 2020, 2025, 2030
  • 8.2. Electric Traction Motors
    • 8.2.1. Electric Traction Motors: Introduction
    • 8.2.2. Electric Traction Motors: Introduction
    • 8.2.3. Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Working Principle
    • 8.2.4. BLDC Motors: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.5. BLDC Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.6. Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSM): Working Principle
    • 8.2.7. PMSM: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.8. PMSM: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.9. Wound Rotor Synchronous Motor (WRSM): Working Principle
    • 8.2.10. WRSM Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.11. WRSM: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.12. AC Induction Motors (ACIM): Working Principle
    • 8.2.13. AC Induction Motor (ACIM)
    • 8.2.14. AC Induction Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.15. AC Induction Motor: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.16. Reluctance Motors
    • 8.2.17. Reluctance Motor: Working Principle
    • 8.2.18. Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM)
    • 8.2.19. Switched Reluctance Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.20. Permanent Magnet Assisted Reluctance (PMAR)
    • 8.2.21. PMAR Motors: Benchmarking Scores
  • 8.3. Electric Traction Motors: Summary and Benchmarking Results
    • 8.3.1. Comparison of Traction Motor Construction and Merits
    • 8.3.2. Benchmarking Electric Traction Motors
    • 8.3.3. Motor Efficiency Comparison
    • 8.3.4. Magnet Price Increase?
    • 8.3.5. Multiple Motors: Explained
    • 8.3.6. LCVs & Trucks
    • 8.3.7. Motors per Vehicle and kWp per Vehicle Assumptions
    • 8.3.8. Brushed DC: Small Presence in LCVs
    • 8.3.9. LCVs and Trucks Motor Outlook
  • 8.4. Fuel Cells
    • 8.4.1. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
    • 8.4.2. Fuel Cell Inefficiency and Cooling Methods
    • 8.4.3. Challenges for Fuel Cells
    • 8.4.4. Infrastructure Costs
    • 8.4.5. Fuel Cell Charging Infrastructure in the US
    • 8.4.6. Fuel Cost per Mile: FCEV, BEV, internal-combustion
    • 8.4.7. Fuel Cell LCVs
    • 8.4.8. Example Fuel Cell LCV Specifications
    • 8.4.9. Outlook for Fuel Cell LCVs

9. FORECASTS

  • 9.1. Forecast Assumptions
  • 9.2. Forecast Methodology
  • 9.3. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in Europe 2021-2041
  • 9.4. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in China 2021-2041
  • 9.5. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in the US 2021-2041
  • 9.6. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in the RoW 2021-2041
  • 9.7. LCV Market Forecasts 2017-2041
  • 9.8. LCV global sales (000s units) 2017-2041
  • 9.9. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) global sales 2017-2041
  • 9.10. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) sales by region 2017-2041
  • 9.11. Global LCV market share forecast for eLCV 2017-2041
  • 9.12. Global eLCV battery requirement (GWh) 2017-2041
  • 9.13. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) battery forecast by region (GWh) 2017-2041
  • 9.14. eLCV market revenue forecast ($ Billion) 2017-2041
  • 9.15. eLCV market revenue forecast by region ($ billion) 2017-2041
  • 9.16. eLCV (FCEV) installed fuel cell forecast by region (MW)
  • 9.17. France eLCV penetration and sales, pathway to 2041
  • 9.18. UK eLCV penetration and sales, pathway to 2041
  • 9.19. Germany eLCV penetration and sales, pathway to 2041