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市場調查報告書

關注的固定式蓄電技術:潛在性分析

Potential Stationary Energy Storage Technologies to Monitor

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 955709
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 120 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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關注的固定式蓄電技術:潛在性分析 Potential Stationary Energy Storage Technologies to Monitor
出版日期: 2020年09月01日內容資訊: 英文 120 Slides
簡介

新興固定式蓄電技術的市場規模,預計2030年以17億美元的規模成長。由於電力市場上脫碳化的必要性,再生能源的關注高漲,蓄電設備的引進擴大。

本報告提供關注的固定式蓄電池技術重力蓄電池 (GES),壓縮空氣蓄電池 (CAES),液體空氣蓄電池 (LAES),熱能源儲存 (TES)的潛在性調查,蓄電技術的發展的過程,固定式蓄電池的重要性,市場成長的影響因素分析,各技術的運行原理,主要企業的配合措施,優點及缺點,產品、計劃趨勢,市場規模的預測,主要企業簡介等資訊。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 電力電網和蓄電池的重要性

  • 再生能源:能源生產、成本的趨勢
  • 固定式蓄電池的重要性擴大
  • 蓄電池的必要性
  • 蓄電池設備
  • 蓄電池的分類
  • ESS、BESS、BTM、FTM
  • 固定式蓄電池市場
  • 固定式蓄電池:新的道路
  • 蓄電池的獎勵
  • 成長因素
  • 再生能源自我消費
  • ToU裁定交易
  • 固定收購電價(Feed-In--Tariff,)的階段性廢止
  • 網路電表的階段性廢止
  • 需求收費的削減
  • 其他成長要素等

第3章 重力蓄電池 (GES)

  • 重力蓄電池 (GES)
  • 來自重力技術的計算
  • 活塞為基礎的GES
  • GES技術的分類
  • GES:市場進入的可能性
  • ARES
    • 技術概要
    • 推動力驅動器、Ridgeline
    • 技術比較:推動力驅動器、Ridgeline
    • 足跡
    • 市場、技術分析
  • 活塞式重力蓄電池 (PB-GES)
    • 運行原理
    • Energy Vault
    • Gravitricity
    • Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES)
  • 地下抽蓄水力發電蓄電池 (U-PHES)
  • 地下能源儲存 (UWES)

第4章 壓縮空氣蓄電池 (CAES)

  • 發展的過程
  • 技術概要
  • 缺點
  • 非隔熱壓縮空氣蓄電池 (D-CAES)
  • Huntorf
  • McIntosh
  • 隔熱壓縮空氣蓄電池 (A-CAES)
  • A-CAES分析
  • 等溫壓縮空氣蓄電池 (I-CAES)
  • 主要企業
  • 主要企業、計劃

第5章 液體空氣蓄電池 (LAES)

  • 發展的過程
  • 主要企業、計劃
  • 分析師分析等

第6章 熱能源儲存 (TES)

  • TES技術:概要、分類
  • Diurnal TES Systems
  • 季節的系統、長期間系統等

第7章 企業簡介

目錄

Title:
Potential Stationary Energy Storage Technologies to Monitor
Emerging technologies for front-of-meter applications: Gravitational Energy Storage, Compressed Air Energy Storage, Liquified Air Energy Storage, and Thermal Energy Storage. Forecast 2020-2030, Technologies, Markets and Players.

"Emerging technologies with a forecasted market value of $ 1.7 billion in 2030. "

Introduction to mechanical energy storage:

When talking about energy storage it is now common to think about Li-ion batteries, due to their success in the automotive sector, portable electronic devices, and stationary applications. In the last few years Li-ion batteries started to be constantly adopted in stationary energy storage with a power output of few kWs up to MWs scale. Although a powerful device, their application can hardly cover the entire range of power and energy demanded by the electricity grid. If one end is dominated by Li-ion batteries, on the other end, pumped hydro energy storage is the reference system to deliver large power output, and store large amounts of energy able to generate electricity for days. Pumped hydro energy storage was the first large power plant built to generate electricity, and still nowadays is the reference technology for large power output.

Between these two main technologies, a number of new technologies with a power output of tens of MWs are currently approaching the market. In the new report released: "Potential Stationary Energy Storage to Monitor", IDTechEx investigated this new group of technologies aiming to address MWs of power output and long storage time.

The technologies defined as mechanical energy storage include different types of technologies, all of them characterised by a large power output from MW size, and a simple mechanical working principles. Among them:

  • Gravitational Energy Storage
  • Compressed Air Energy Storage
  • Liquid Air Energy Storage

These technologies are based on simple mechanical working principles, which allow them to employ well known components, like pumps, ventilators, cranes, and do not employ dangerous materials. A simple working principle implies high round-trip efficiencies, in most cases close to 80%. Finally, differently from electrochemical systems, mechanical energy storage systems are not affected by self-discharge, allowing them to store electricity for an indefinite amount of time.

Large amounts of energy, similarly to mechanical energy storage systems, could also be stored by hydrogen and ammonia. Storing electricity as chemical energy implies the adoption of other technologies like fuel cells, which strongly affect the overall efficiency of the system.

The growing interest in the renewable energies, driven by the necessity to decarbonise the electricity market, is leading to a growing adoption of energy storage devices. While renewable electricity sources allow us to reduce polluting emissions, their variable nature requires extra systems to adjust the timing of energy production and energy consumption. In addition, the adoption of renewable energies is leading to an upgrade of the electricity grid, shifting the power grid from a centralised model, to decentralised energy production. Therefore, the role of energy storage is constantly growing, and with it the technologies involved.

Report content:

Due to growing interest in energy storage devices, in particular for grid application, IDTechEx releases the new report titled: "Potential Stationary Energy Storage to Monitor", introducing an emerging group of technologies.

The report begins with an introduction about the electricity grid, explaining the role of energy storage systems, and the market these devices can address. In the following chapters, the different mechanical energy storage technologies are investigated. For each technology the working principle is initially explained, followed by an analysis of the main companies involved, showing the main advantages and disadvantages of the systems analysed. Moreover, the executive summary provides the reader with a comparison of the different technologies, showing the different TRL (technology readiness level) and MRL (manufacturing readiness level) of the technologies analysed in the report. A comparison of mechanical energy storage with Li-ion batteries and redox flow batteries allows the reader to appreciate the differences between these technologies. In conclusion, a market forecast for the period 2020-2030, in terms of installed power, energy and market size is provided, together with the technology breakdown.

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. A Growing Energy Storage Market
  • 1.2. High Potential ES Technologies: Overview
  • 1.3. High Potential ES Technologies: Properties
  • 1.4. High Potential ES Technologies: Technology Segmentation
  • 1.5. Which technology will dominate the market?
  • 1.6. High Potential ES Technologies: Properties Comparison
  • 1.7. High Potential ES Technologies analysis
  • 1.8. Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level: definitions
  • 1.9. Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level
  • 1.10. Why not Li-ion or Redox Flow batteries?
  • 1.11. Comparison of energy storage devices
  • 1.12. Market Forecast
  • 1.13. Forecast technology breakdown
  • 1.14. Forecast Methodology
  • 1.15. Forecast Assumptions

2. THE ELECTRICITY GRID AND THE ROLE OF ENERGY STORAGE

  • 2.1. Renewable Energies: Energy generated and cost trend
  • 2.2. The increasingly important role of stationary storage
  • 2.3. Stationary energy storage is not new
  • 2.4. Why We Need Energy Storage
  • 2.5. Energy Storage Devices
  • 2.6. Energy Storage Classification
  • 2.7. ESS, BESS, BTM, FTM
  • 2.8. Stationary Energy Storage Markets
  • 2.9. New avenues for stationary storage
  • 2.10. Incentives for energy storage
  • 2.11. Overview of ES drivers
  • 2.12. Renewable energy self-consumption
  • 2.13. ToU Arbitrage
  • 2.14. Feed-in-Tariff phase-outs
  • 2.15. Net metering phase-outs
  • 2.16. Demand Charge Reduction
  • 2.17. Other Drivers
  • 2.18. Values provided at the customer side
  • 2.19. Values provided at the utility side
  • 2.20. Values provided in ancillary services

3. GRAVITATIONAL ENERGY STORAGE (GES)

  • 3.1.1. Gravitational Energy Storage (GES)
  • 3.1.2. Calculation from Gravitricity technology
  • 3.1.3. Piston Based GES - Energy Stored example
  • 3.1.4. GES Technology Classification
  • 3.1.5. Can the GES reach the market?
  • 3.1.6. Chapter 3. Overview
  • 3.2. ARES
    • 3.2.1. ARES LLC Technology Overview
    • 3.2.2. ARES Technologies: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
    • 3.2.3. Technical Comparison: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
    • 3.2.4. A considerable Landscape footprint
    • 3.2.5. ARES Market, and Technology analysis
  • 3.3. Piston Based Gravitational Energy Storage (PB-GES)
    • 3.3.1. Energy Vault - Technology working principle
    • 3.3.2. Energy Vault - Brick Material
    • 3.3.3. Energy Vault Technology and market analysis
    • 3.3.4. Gravitricity - Piston-based Energy storage
    • 3.3.5. Gravitricity technology analysis
    • 3.3.6. Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Overview
    • 3.3.7. Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Analysis
  • 3.4. Underground - Pumped Hydro Energy Storage (U-PHES)
    • 3.4.1. Underground - PHES:
    • 3.4.2. U-PHES - Gravity Power
    • 3.4.3. U-PHES - Heindl Energy
    • 3.4.4. Detailed description of Heindl Energy technology
    • 3.4.5. U-PHES - Heindl Energy
    • 3.4.6. Underground - PHES: Analysis
    • 3.5. Underwater Energy Storage (UWES)
    • 3.5.1. Under Water Energy Storage (UWES)
    • 3.5.2. Under Water Energy Storage (UWES) - Analysis

4. COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES)

  • 4.1. CAES Historical Development
  • 4.2. CAES Technologies overview
  • 4.3. Drawbacks of CAES
  • 4.4. Diabatic Compressed Energy Storage (D-CAES)
  • 4.5. Huntorf D-CAES - North of Germany
  • 4.6. McIntosh D-CAES - US Alabama
  • 4.7. Adiabatic - Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES)
  • 4.8. A - CAES analysis
  • 4.9. Isothermal - Compressed Air Energy Storage (I - CAES)
  • 4.10. Main players in CAES technologies
  • 4.11. CAES Players and Project

5. LIQUID AIR ENERGY STORAGE (LAES)

  • 5.1. Liquid Air Energy Storage
  • 5.2. The Dawn of Liquid Air in the Energy Storage Market
  • 5.3. Sumitomo Industries invests in Highview Energy
  • 5.4. Hot and Cold Storage Materials:
  • 5.5. Industrial Processes to Liquify Air
  • 5.6. LAES Historical Evolution
  • 5.7. LAES Companies and Projects
  • 5.8. LAES Players
  • 5.9. LAES Analyst analysis

6. THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES)

  • 6.1. TES Technology Overview and Classification
  • 6.2. Diurnal TES Systems - Domestic application
  • 6.3. Diurnal TES Systems - Solar Thermal Power Plants (CSP)
  • 6.4. Seasonal and long-duration TES Systems
  • 6.5. Seasonal TES Systems - Underground TES
  • 6.6. Seasonal TES Systems - Solar Ponds

7. COMPANY PROFILES