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市場調查報告書

氧化還原液流電池的全球市場 (2020-2030年):預測·課題·市場機會

Redox Flow Batteries 2020-2030: Forecasts, Challenges, Opportunities

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 929140
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 181 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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氧化還原液流電池的全球市場 (2020-2030年):預測·課題·市場機會 Redox Flow Batteries 2020-2030: Forecasts, Challenges, Opportunities
出版日期: 2020年03月19日內容資訊: 英文 181 Slides
簡介

電網的現代化和脫碳是當今電網運營商面臨的主要挑戰,而儲能設備是部署最廣泛的電網集成和現代化關鍵解決方案。這將能夠提供輔助服務,穩定電網以及存儲可再生能源產生的剩餘電力。在各種能量存儲技術中,電化學設備是位置靈活性,效率和可伸縮性的最常見選擇之一。氧化還原液流電池(RFB)是中型和大型應用中最受歡迎的解決方案之一。由於諸如快速響應時間(以毫秒為單位),超過20,000個循環的長循環壽命以及易於回收的組件等因素,RFB穩步增加了其市場佔有率。

本報告提供全球氧化還原液流電池 (RFB)的市場調查,彙整RFB定義和概要,價值·重要性,競爭技術,各種類型與特徵,汽車用RFB的配合措施,材料·成本分析,案例研究,地區趨勢,主要企業簡介等資訊。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 簡介

  • 性能比較
  • 各種定義
  • 氧化還原液流電池:工作原理等
  • 固定式蓄電池的新旅程
  • 電池三難
  • 固定式蓄電池的重要性與日俱增
  • 客戶價值
  • 實用價值
  • 輔助服務的價值
  • RFB與傳統電池的比較
  • 競爭技術:鋰離子
  • 競合技術:Tesla PowerWall
  • 競爭技術:鋰離子/ RFB LCOS
  • 競合技術:Na/S
  • RFB案例研究
  • RFB案例研究:比較
  • RFB案例研究:固定電池的比較
  • RFB案例研究:RFB成本
  • RFB案例研究:LCOS
  • 汽車用氧化還原液流電池
  • 汽車用氧化還原液流電池:GE
  • 汽車用氧化還原液流電池:豐田
  • 汽車氧化還原液流電池:nanoFlowcell等

第3章 氧化還原液流電池的類型

  • 定義:氣體電極·液體電極
  • 定義:陰極液·陽極液
  • 氧化還原選擇氧化還原活性物質和溶劑
  • 氧化還原液流電池的分類
  • RFB發展的過程
  • RFB的化學物質:離子/鉻礦
  • RFB的化學物質:多硫化物 /溴液流電池 (PSB)
  • RFB的化學物質:釩/溴
  • RFB的化學物質:槳釩 (VRFB)
  • RFB的化學物質:鋅溴液流電池 (ZBB) - 混合
  • RFB的化學物質:溴/氫 - 混合
  • RFB的化學物質:全離子 - 混合
  • 其他RFB:有機氧化還原液流電池
  • 其他RFB:非水系
  • 其他RFB:實驗室規模液流電池計劃
  • 其他RFB:微液流電池
  • 技術
  • 電解液的成本因素等

第4章 材料·成本分析

  • 氧化還原液流電池材料
  • 膜:概述
  • 膜:中孔隔板
  • 膜:離子交換膜(IEM)
  • 膜:複合材料膜/固體導體
  • 双極電極
  • 双極電極:寄生効果
  • 双極電極:電極材料
  • 電極:炭素系電極
  • (双極) 電極
  • 流量分配器/湍流促進器
  • 電解液流路
  • 釩氧化還原液流電池的成本明細
  • RFB價值鏈
  • RFB電解液的原料
  • 釩:概述
  • 釩:鑽探及製品
  • 釩:選礦
  • 釩業
  • 釩:價格走勢等

第5章 案例研究·地區分析·企業簡介

  • 案例研究:Bushveld Energy
  • 案例研究:RedT / Avalon Battery Merge
  • 案例研究:Jena Batteries
  • 地區分析:EU
  • 地區分析:中國
  • 地區分析:美國
  • 地區分析:澳洲
  • 地區分析:南非
  • 企業簡介

第6章 附錄

目錄

Title:
Redox Flow Batteries 2020-2030: Forecasts, Challenges, Opportunities
Technical and market analysis of Vanadium, Organic, and earth abundant flow batteries, from residential to grid scale applications.

Vanadium flow batteries are dominating the RFB market, accounting for more than 50% of the market.

The modernization and decarbonization of the electricity grid are setting a big challenge for the electric grid operators. To integrate and update the electricity grid, energy storage devices are one of the main solutions adopted, allowing the storage of the excess electricity produced by renewable energy sources, besides providing ancillary services, and stabilising the grid.

Within the different energy storage technologies, the electrochemical devices are one of the most common choices because of their location flexibility, efficiency, and scalability. From different electrochemical devices available, the Redox flow batteries (RFBs) are one of the most chosen solutions for medium and large-scale applications. The fast time response (in the range of milli seconds), a long cycle life (more than 20,000 cycles), and their easily recyclable components, allow the RFBs to steadily increase their adoption on the market.

While the stationary energy storage market is currently dominated by Li-ion batteries, redox flow batteries are slowly being adopted with an increasing number of projects all over the world.

The redox flow batteries have been developed for more than 40 years, and available on the market for almost 20 years. The flow battery producers, in particular vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) manufacturers, have abundantly developed, tested, and demonstrated the technology over the years, reaching an overall installation of roughly 70MW of power and 250 MWh of energy. Flow battery producers keep receiving funding to expand manufacture, improve their products and reduce the technology cost. Moreover, solid collaborations between flow battery manufacturers, OEMs, and chemical and mining companies are taking place all over the world, with the common target to make this technology competitive on the market.

To better understand the flow battery market and forecast future developments, IDTechEx performed an in-depth analysis of the different types of flow batteries, investigating the historical development of each technology and related flow battery market evolution. Moreover, to understand the technological development, and the adoption of this technology in the next years, several companies were profiled.

The results of these studies, presented in this report, revealed a market dominated by one of the oldest technologies, the vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), which accounts for more than 50% of the available companies commercialising flow batteries. Besides the VRFB, other flow battery manufacturers are developing flow batteries based on different electrolytes, like the Organic flow battery (ORFB), and All-iron (Fe-RFB), Hydrogen/Bromine or Zinc/Bromine flow batteries (ZBB). In the report a summary of the main properties of each electrolyte are presented.

The reader will understand the possibilities and the challenges of each type of electrolyte, explained in a simple and concise way. It will allow to evaluate himself/herself the characteristics of each technology, and related chances to conquer its share of the market.

Besides the investigation of different electrolytes, an analysis of the battery electrode stack, one of the core parts of this technology, is provided. The different components of the electrode stack are explained, together with investigating the different possible materials employed. This would allow investors, OEMs and chemical companies, to understand the different materials involved, and where further improvements will be required.

Besides the technical prospective of the technology, IDTechEx investigated why, and how, different countries are involved in the adoption of RFBs. Therefore, Chapter 5 provides an overview of different countries, covering Europe, US, Africa, and China, where it is explained how these countries are approaching the flow battery technology.

From these wide and in-depth techno-economic analysis, IDTechEx aims to facilitate investors, OEMs and chemical industries to understand the current redox flow battery market, and its future development between 2020-2030.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. The slow market of Redox Flow Batteries
  • 1.2. Market forecast: Market Insight
  • 1.3. Market forecast: Considerations
  • 1.4. IDTechEx Flow Battery Forecast
  • 1.5. Market forecast: Assumptions
  • 1.6. Market forecast: Market Share
  • 1.7. Companies in this Report
  • 1.8. Market Analysis: Redox flow battery Market Overview
  • 1.9. Market Analysis: TRL and MRL explanation
  • 1.10. Market Analysis: Flow Battery on the Market
  • 1.11. Market Analysis: Companies TRL, MRL Evaluation
  • 1.12. Market Analysis: Technology Market Share
  • 1.13. Market Analysis: Company Market Share
  • 1.14. Market Analysis: Companies Power/Energy Product Comparison
  • 1.15. Market Analysis: Energy Densities Comparison for Residential Sector
  • 1.16. Redox flow batteries in the news
  • 1.17. From the News: BASF interests in Flow Batteries
  • 1.18. From the News: ViZn... back on the scene!
  • 1.19. From the News: CellCube Part 1 - 100 MWh in USA
  • 1.20. From the News: CellCube Part 2 - 120 MWh in UK
  • 1.21. From the News: CellCube Part 3 - "Enerox for Sale"
  • 1.22. From the News: Schmid Group from China to Saudi Arabia.
  • 1.23. From the News: Shell: from Vanadium (RFB) to LIB
  • 1.24. From the News: Voltstorage on the News
  • 1.25. From the News: Bushveld, the company that created its future

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Useful charts for performance comparison
  • 2.2. Definitions: What is a battery?
  • 2.3. Definitions: Electrochemistry definitions
  • 2.4. Electrochemistry definitions
  • 2.5. Definitions: Efficiencies
  • 2.6. Definitions: Cross-Mixing, and Shunt current
  • 2.7. Redox Flow Battery: Energy & Power
  • 2.8. Redox Flow Battery: Decoupled power and energy
  • 2.9. Redox Flow Battery: Working Principle
  • 2.10. Redox Flow Battery: Fit-and-forget philosophy
  • 2.11. Redox Flow Battery: RFB views
  • 2.12. What does 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) look like?
  • 2.13. Finding the right market
  • 2.14. New avenues for stationary storage
  • 2.15. The battery trilemma
  • 2.16. The increasingly important role of stationary storage
  • 2.17. Stationary energy storage is not new
  • 2.18. New avenues for stationary storage
  • 2.19. Values provided at the customer side
  • 2.20. Values provided at the utility side
  • 2.21. Values provided in ancillary services
  • 2.22. Comparison of RFBs and conventional batteries
  • 2.23. Competing technologies: Li-ion
  • 2.24. Competing technologies: Tesla PowerWall
  • 2.25. Competing technologies: LCOS of Li-ion and RFBs
  • 2.26. Competing technologies: Na/S
  • 2.27. The case for RFBs
  • 2.28. The case for RFBs: A Comparison
  • 2.29. The case for RFBs: Stationary Batteries Comparison
  • 2.30. The case for RFBs: RFB Cost
  • 2.31. The case for RFBs: LCOS
  • 2.32. Redox flow batteries and caves
  • 2.33. Redox Flow Batteries for Automotive
  • 2.34. Redox Flow Batteries for Automotive: GE
  • 2.35. Redox Flow Batteries for Automotive: Toyota
  • 2.36. Redox Flow Batteries for Automotive: nanoFlowcell

3. TYPES OF REDOX FLOW BATTERIES

  • 3.1. Definition: Gaseous and liquid electrodes
  • 3.2. Definition: Catholytes and anolytes
  • 3.3. Choice of redox-active species and solvents
  • 3.4. Redox Flow Battery Classification
  • 3.5. History of RFB
  • 3.6. RFB chemistries: Iron/Chromium
  • 3.7. RFB chemistries: Polsulfides/Bromine flow batteries (PSB)
  • 3.8. RFB chemistries: Vanadium/Bromine
  • 3.9. RFB chemistries: All Vanadium (VRFB)
  • 3.10. RFB chemistries: Zinc Bromine flow battery (ZBB) - Hybrid
  • 3.11. RFB chemistries: Hydrogen/Bromide - Hybrid
  • 3.12. RFB Chemistries: all Iron - Hybrid
  • 3.13. Other RFBs: Organic Redox Flow Battery
  • 3.14. Other RFBs: non-aqueous
  • 3.15. Other RFBs: Lab-scale flow battery projects
  • 3.16. Other RFBs: Microflow batteries?
  • 3.17. Technology Recap
  • 3.18. Cost factors at electrolyte level
  • 3.19. Hype Curve® for RFB technologies

4. MATERIALS AND COST ANALYSIS

  • 4.1. Materials for Redox Flow Batteries
  • 4.2. Membranes: Overview
  • 4.3. Membranes: Mesoporous Separators
  • 4.4. Membranes: Ionic Exchange Membranes (IEM)
  • 4.5. Membranes: Composite Membranes, and Solid State Conductors
  • 4.6. Bipolar Electrodes
  • 4.7. Bipolar Electrodes: Parasitic Effect
  • 4.8. Bipolar Electrodes: Electrode Materials
  • 4.9. Electrodes: Carbon-based Electrodes
  • 4.10. (Bipolar) Electrodes
  • 4.11. Flow distributors and turbulence promoters
  • 4.12. Electrolyte flow circuit
  • 4.13. Cost breakdown of a Vanadium-redox flow battery
  • 4.14. RFB value chain
  • 4.15. Raw materials for RFB electrolytes
  • 4.16. Vanadium: Overview
  • 4.17. Vanadium: Mining and Products
  • 4.18. Vanadium: Ore Processing
  • 4.19. The Vanadium Industry
  • 4.20. Vanadium: Price Trend

5. CASE STUDIES, REGIONAL ANALYSIS, AND COMPANY PROFILES

  • 5.1. Case Study: Bushveld Energy
  • 5.2. Case Study: RedT / Avalon Battery Merge
  • 5.3. Case Study: Jena Batteries
  • 5.4. Regional Analysis: EU
  • 5.5. Regional Analysis: China
  • 5.6. Regional Analysis: U.S.
  • 5.7. Regional Analysis: Australia
  • 5.8. Regional Analysis: South Africa
  • 5.9. Company Profiles

6. APPENDIX

  • 6.1. References
  • 6.2. Technology and manufacturing readiness
  • 6.3. List of RFB Producers: Categorized Chemistry