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市場調查報告書

固定式儲能電池:2019-2029年

Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage 2019-2029

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 876849
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 203 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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固定式儲能電池:2019-2029年 Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage 2019-2029
出版日期: 2019年06月28日內容資訊: 英文 203 Slides
簡介

本告報研究全球固定式儲能電池市場,彙整按地區的目前市場規模和實績、按地區及部門的市場規模預測 (GWh及金額) 、主要國家市場分析、系統方 (FTM) 和需求方 (BTM) 主要推動因素及未來變動預測、替代儲能技術,並提供主要市場案例研討等情報。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 簡介

第3章 電池的基本

  • LiB技術概要:從電池化學到電池組
  • Li-ion的替代品
  • 固定式儲能系統成本

第4章 固定式儲能:推動因素

  • ES推動因素簡介
  • ES推動因素概要
  • 可再生能源的自我消費
  • 自我消費原理
  • ToU套利
  • FIT (固定價格收購制度) 逐步中止
  • 淨計量的逐步中止
  • 電力收購協議
  • 太陽能發電補償摘要
  • 減少Demand Charge
  • 尖峰負載發電廠延期
  • VPP (虛擬發電廠)
  • VPP企業
  • 離網和遠程應用
  • 遠程課題:地區和島嶼應用
  • 其他推動因素

第5章 推動因素:輔助性服務

  • 輔助性服務概要
  • 輔助性服務需求
  • 頻率規範
  • 頻率規範程度
  • 負載追蹤
  • 即時備載及非即時備載容量

第6章 地區分析

  • 發展儲能的FTM和BTM:按國家
  • 美國
  • 英國
  • 德國
  • 義大利
  • 澳洲
  • 中國
  • 其他

第7章 主要ESS企業

  • 太陽能和儲能的融合
  • 下游儲能零組件供應商
  • 全球ESS企業
  • 來自其他部門的投入企業
  • 供應鏈
  • 多數裝配業務的企業
  • Tesla的ESS業務
  • Powerwall 和 Powerpack
  • 住宅儲能成本細項
  • 主要Powerpack計畫
  • Tesla的ESS業務
  • Leclanche
  • Green Charge Networks
  • BUD
  • BYD佈局與Tesla相似
  • Green Mountain Power
  • Green Mountain Power 創新策略
  • Ampard and Fenecon
  • Stem
  • Sonnen
目錄

Title:
Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage 2019-2029
A global view of behind-the-meter & front-of-meter stationary energy storage deployments and market drivers.

The global market for stationary batteries will top 300GWh by 2029.

2018 was a remarkable year for stationary energy storage. Governments and policymakers around the world are beginning to wake up to the value batteries can offer to the grid, both in terms of flexibility and decarbonisation. Over 6GWh was deployed, and market leaders such as Tesla expect to double their deployments for 2019.

The progress is thanks in no small part to falling Li-ion battery costs, driven by the economies of scale of the electric car industry: plug-in passenger electrics topped five million on roads globally at the beginning of 2019. Indeed, as costs have fallen, projects with longer duration battery systems have become feasible: many new grid-level projects are now four hours. This has created opportunities for storage developers: in some scenarios it has even enabled the displacement of gas peaker plants, for grids aiming to fully decarbonise. As detailed in the new IDTechEx report, 'Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage 2019 - 2029', enormous new projects are underway, and some dwarf the record-breaking '100MW (120MWh) in 100 days' challenge from Elon Musk to the South Australian government in 2017.

The U.S. has led the industry for a number of years; a sizable mandate from California coupled with big-budget financial incentives have underpinned the country's deployments, as well as the batteries procured for frequency response in PJM's territory from 2012 - 2017 (now saturated). In 2018, landmark rulings like FERC Order 841, ambitious decarbonisation and renewables targets in multiple states, and growing momentum behind state-wide energy storage mandates will pave the way for the future of energy storage in the country.

The global picture is also changing: both China & South Korea topped 1GWh in yearly deployments in 2018, with India also commissioning some of its first large-scale projects. With such rapid progress, teething problems have emerged: to meet the sudden demand in South Korea, ESS makers compromised on quality, leading to a government shutdown of hundreds of public battery systems that spontaneously caught fire. The issue was reported by Korean news outlets to be faulty battery management systems.

Despite hiccups, the ambitious levels of renewables integration in many of these countries will nevertheless require massive amounts of energy storage to manage moving forward. The new IDTechEx report details the leading countries now and in the future.

Based on a global assessment IDTechEx Research has developed forecasts by segment and region for 2019 - 2029.

The key takeaways / benefits of the research in this report are:

  • Current year and historical deployments of stationary energy storage by region.
  • Market forecasts up to 2029 by region and segment (behind-the-meter, front-of-meter) in GWh and $ billion.
  • Regional analysis: Germany, Australia, Italy, Japan, UK, China, US, South Korea, India.
  • Key drivers in front and behind-the-meter, how this will change in the future.
  • A look at alternative energy storage technologies with relative strengths and weaknesses, including Redox Flow Batteries, Fuel Cells and more.
  • Case studies of select markets.

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. What's the big deal with batteries?
  • 1.2. Historical context
  • 1.3. Stationary energy storage is not new
  • 1.4. Classification of energy storage systems
  • 1.5. The rapid adoption of electric vehicles
  • 1.6. Front-of-meter (FTM) and behind-the-meter (BTM)
  • 1.7. Stationary storage markets
  • 1.8. Overview of ES drivers
  • 1.9. Market forecast by country (GWh)
  • 1.10. Market forecast by country (GWh) - Table
  • 1.11. Market forecast, FTM and BTM split (GWh)
  • 1.12. Market forecast ($ billion)
  • 1.13. Forecast assumptions and explanation
  • 1.14. Deployment by country, 2018
  • 1.15. Global overview
  • 1.16. U.S. mandates and targets overview
  • 1.17. Global overview
  • 1.18. Market barriers & challenges
  • 1.19. Important considerations for battery selection
  • 1.20. The battery trilema

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. ESS, BESS, BTM, FTM
  • 2.2. Electrochemistry definitions
  • 2.3. Useful charts for performance comparison
  • 2.4. Stationary Energy Storage Markets
  • 2.5. MW or MWh?
  • 2.6. Incentives for energy storage
  • 2.7. Turning a battery into an ESS
  • 2.8. Levelised cost of storage (LCOS)
  • 2.9. Costs that influence LCOS

3. BATTERY BASICS

  • 3.1. Overview of LiB technologies: from cell chemistry to battery packs
    • 3.1.1. What is a Li-ion battery?
    • 3.1.2. The elements used in Li-ion batteries
    • 3.1.3. Standard materials in LiBs
    • 3.1.4. A family tree of Li based batteries
    • 3.1.5. There is more than one type of LiB
    • 3.1.6. Standard cathode materials - LCO and LFP
    • 3.1.7. Cathode alternatives - NCA
    • 3.1.8. NMC
    • 3.1.9. Cathode overview
    • 3.1.10. Anode materials - Battery-grade graphite
    • 3.1.11. LTO anode - Toshiba
    • 3.1.12. Inactive materials negatively affect energy density
    • 3.1.13. Commercial cell geometries
    • 3.1.14. Differences between cell, module, and pack
    • 3.1.15. Safety
  • 3.2. Alternatives to Li-ion
    • 3.2.1. More than Li-ion
    • 3.2.2. The increasingly important role of stationary storage
    • 3.2.3. Stalling battery technologies
    • 3.2.4. Lead-acid batteries
    • 3.2.5. Sodium sulphur battery
    • 3.2.6. Nickel cadmium and nickel metal hydride battery
    • 3.2.7. Redox flow batteries for stationary storage?
    • 3.2.8. Redox flow batteries working principle
    • 3.2.9. Exploded view of VRFB
    • 3.2.10. Hybrid RFBs: Zinc/Bromine
    • 3.2.11. Hybrid RFBs: Hydrogen/Bromine
    • 3.2.12. Most popular: Vanadium redox flow battery
    • 3.2.13. Technology and manufacturing readiness of RFBs
    • 3.2.14. Fuel Cells: working principle
    • 3.2.15. Fuel cells
    • 3.2.16. Fuel cells in California SGIP program
    • 3.2.17. Comparison of ES technology use cases
  • 3.3. Stationary storage system costs
    • 3.3.1. Why costs are important
    • 3.3.2. Performance goes up, cost goes down
    • 3.3.3. Cost discussions: cell, pack, system
    • 3.3.4. Innovation important for cost reduction
    • 3.3.5. ESS cost assumptions
    • 3.3.6. Case study: German residential ESS cost decline
    • 3.3.7. Case study: California residential ESS cost decline

4. STATIONARY ENERGY STORAGE: DRIVERS

  • 4.1. Introduction to ES drivers
  • 4.2. Overview of ES drivers
  • 4.3. Renewable energy self-consumption
  • 4.4. Principle of self-consumption
  • 4.5. ToU Arbitrage
  • 4.6. Feed-in-Tariff phase-outs
  • 4.7. Net metering phase-outs
  • 4.8. Power purchase agreements
  • 4.9. Summary of solar compensations
  • 4.10. Demand Charge Reduction
  • 4.11. Gas Peaker Plant Deferral
  • 4.12. Virtual Power Plants
  • 4.13. Virtual Power Plant companies
  • 4.14. Off-grid and remote applications
  • 4.15. Challenges in remote-region and island applications
  • 4.16. Other drivers

5. DRIVERS: ANCILLARY SERVICES ANCILLARY SERVICES SUPPORT RELIABLE OPERATION AS ELECTRICITY MOVES FROM GENERATION TO CONSUMERS.

  • 5.1. Overview of ancillary services
  • 5.2. Ancillary service requirements
  • 5.3. Frequency Regulation
  • 5.4. Levels of frequency regulation
  • 5.5. Load following
  • 5.6. Spinning and non-spinning reserve

6. REGIONAL ANALYSIS

  • 6.1. Energy storage deployment FTM and BTM by country
  • 6.2. U.S.
    • 6.2.1. Historic ES deployment in the U.S.
    • 6.2.2. US: Key Developments
    • 6.2.3. Hot states: mandates and targets overview
    • 6.2.4. California energy storage mandate
    • 6.2.5. Local mandates and targets
    • 6.2.6. List of ES mandates and targets
    • 6.2.7. PJM History
    • 6.2.8. PJM states and FR deployment
    • 6.2.9. Hawaii
    • 6.2.10. Hawaii PPAs
    • 6.2.11. Texas: RE history and the need for ES
    • 6.2.12. Texas ES developments
    • 6.2.13. Attractiveness of batteries by U.S. market 2019
    • 6.2.14. LiBs dominate
    • 6.2.15. Policy
    • 6.2.16. Investment Tax Credit
    • 6.2.17. California Self-generation Incentive Program
    • 6.2.18. C&I deployment in California
    • 6.2.19. Residential deployment in California
    • 6.2.20. SGIP spend on BTM storage
    • 6.2.21. Comparison of popular residential systems
    • 6.2.22. Maryland enacts a tax credit
    • 6.2.23. New Hampshire residential storage pilot
  • 6.3. UK
    • 6.3.1. Summary
    • 6.3.2. Capacity Markets: Explained
    • 6.3.3. Energy storage participation in the UK capacity market
    • 6.3.4. Batteries lose value after BEIS de-rating
    • 6.3.5. Storage de-rating factors
    • 6.3.6. Capacity markets funding paused by ECJ
    • 6.3.7. UK Enhanced Frequency Response
    • 6.3.8. Revenue stacking
    • 6.3.9. UK 'demand charge' uncertainty for BTM projects
    • 6.3.10. UK residential market lagging
  • 6.4. Germany
    • 6.4.1. FTM in Germany
    • 6.4.2. BTM energy storage in Germany
    • 6.4.3. KfW Bank Subsidy
    • 6.4.4. Solar-plus-storage reaches cost parity
    • 6.4.5. FiT expirations
    • 6.4.6. ESS price decline
    • 6.4.7. Market share of residential storage providers
    • 6.4.8. Sonnen growth
    • 6.4.9. Siemens enters German residential storage market
  • 6.5. Italy
    • 6.5.1. Italy residential solar market is saturated
    • 6.6. South Korea
    • 6.6.1. Rapid growth in South Korea
    • 6.6.2. Korea: Market Drivers
    • 6.6.3. Korea: ESS developer market share
    • 6.6.4. Battery fires in Korea
    • 6.6.5. Causes of battery fires
  • 6.7. Australia
    • 6.7.1. Residential storage is booming in Australia
    • 6.7.2. Australia storage policy and renewables targets
    • 6.7.3. Australia grid-level projects
  • 6.8. China
    • 6.8.1. Record year for stationary storage in China
    • 6.8.2. Grid-side energy storage growth in China
    • 6.8.3. China's Gigafactories
    • 6.8.4. Battery maker dominance shifts to China through 2020
  • 6.9. Others
    • 6.9.1. A good year for stationary energy storage in India

7. KEY ESS COMPANIES

  • 7.1. Convergence between solar and storage
  • 7.2. Downstream Energy Storage component vendors
  • 7.3. Global players in ESS
  • 7.4. Companies from other sectors jumping in
  • 7.5. Value Chain
  • 7.6. Most companies in assembly business
  • 7.7. Tesla's ESS business
  • 7.8. Powerwall and Powerpack
  • 7.9. Residential storage cost breakdown
  • 7.10. Major powerpack projects
  • 7.11. Tesla's ESS business
  • 7.12. Leclanché
  • 7.13. Green Charge Networks
  • 7.14. BYD
  • 7.15. BYD's layout is similar to Tesla
  • 7.16. Green Mountain Power
  • 7.17. Green Mountain Power's Innovation Strategy
  • 7.18. Ampard and Fenecon
  • 7.19. Stem
  • 7.20. Sonnen
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