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IoT低功率無線網路和5G:全球市場的預測·技術及用途分析

Low-Power Wide-Area Networks 2019-2029: Global Forecasts, Technologies, Applications

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 660487
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 311 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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IoT低功率無線網路和5G:全球市場的預測·技術及用途分析 Low-Power Wide-Area Networks 2019-2029: Global Forecasts, Technologies, Applications
出版日期: 2018年11月30日內容資訊: 英文 311 Slides
簡介

全球LPWAN的連線數預計到2029將達到27億。

本報告提供IoT低功率無線網路和5G的市場調查,彙整實現低功率IoT的通訊技術及規格種類與概要,5G趨勢,藍圖·時間軸,無線連接的實現硬體設備與主要企業,技術的各種用途,引進案例,用途·規格·執照區分等各種部門的連線數變化與預測等資料。

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 簡介:IoT

第3章 IoT的網路設備

  • 利用無線電頻率(射頻)的安全的通訊
  • 物聯網設備產生少量數據
  • 規模物聯網項目具有特定的連接需求
  • 解決IP地址短缺問題
  • 6LowPAN:IPv6的擴張
  • 可遠距傳輸的低位元速信號
  • UNB數據傳送
  • 不同的物聯網利用案例有不同的網絡要求
  • LPWAN技術發展於20世紀80年代
  • LPWAN連接的主要特點
  • 處理LPWAN系統中的干擾
  • 全球無線頻寬可用性
  • 使用許可和未許可的頻譜
  • 不同的頻譜區域支援不同的應用
  • 許可頻譜上的蜂窩通信
  • 全球免執照頻段的利用。
  • 免執照頻譜物聯網設備的長期展望
  • 頻譜共享可作為許可頻譜的下一個模型?
  • 新部署的Cellular和LPWAN的相對項目成本
  • 許可和未許可協議
  • 使用網狀拓撲進行網絡連接
  • 網狀網絡中的電源管理
  • 使用scatternet拓撲進行聯網
  • 使用星型拓撲結構的網絡
  • 物聯網網絡的安全考慮因素

第4章 WPAN生態系統的主要企業

  • WPAN生態系統已經建立,但正在不斷發展
  • Bluetooth 5
  • Bluetooth 4.2 vs Bluetooth 5
  • Three ZigBee:規格
  • Thread:網路通訊協定
  • WPAN系統的互通性
  • WLAN網路通訊協定比較
  • 近距離網路的各種用途
  • 聯盟和運用性的課題

第5章 LPWAN生態系統的綜合分析

  • 有多少競爭LPWAN技術?
  • LPWAN架構的用語
  • LPWAN的選擇:簡便流程圖
  • Ingenu:全球覆蓋範圍
  • LoRa vs LoRaWAN
  • The Things Network
  • Sigfox
  • Weightless技術的分類
  • NB-IoT
  • LTE-M
  • LTE-M vs NB-IoT
  • LPWAN供應商比較
  • LPWAN比較
  • 5G和IoT
  • 汽車產業的5G
  • LPWAN技術的漫遊能力
  • LPWAN擁有的總成本
  • 波特的五力分析等

第6章 5G的評估

  • 概要
  • 所謂5G
  • 行動通訊的評估
  • 以5G能提供的東西
  • 5G利用範例:城市上的V2X通訊
  • 5G利用範例:IoT
  • 4G·5G的差異
  • 主要的技術的創新
  • 主要技術:mmWave
  • 主要技術:Massive MIMO
  • 主要技術:邊緣運算
  • 主要技術:網路slicing
  • 主要技術:頻率共用
  • 5G發展藍圖·時間軸
  • 5G技術的主要企業
  • 實行中的5G試用
    • 美國
    • 新加坡
    • 韓國
    • 日本
    • 中國
    • 其他
  • 5G和NB-IoT·LTE-M的整合
  • 課題和未來性

第7章 實現無線連接性的硬體設備

  • LPWAN技術的許可要求
  • LPWAN模組成本比較
  • LPWAN矽製造商資料庫
  • 提供WPAN模組&晶片組的主要企業
  • 半導體產業上近幾年的收購趨勢
  • 設備內的複數的LPWAN技術等

第8章 室內無線網路的利用案例

  • 鎖在一個智能家居
  • 連網型恆溫器·能源儀表
  • 動作感測器
  • 連網型照明
  • 室內空氣品質監測
  • 溫度·濕度監測
  • 油箱監測等

第9章 智慧城市的無線連接性

  • 智慧城市網狀網絡
  • 智慧城市趨勢:停車
  • 智慧城市趨勢:廢棄物
  • 智慧城市趨勢:路燈等

第10章 用了IoT的資產追蹤

第11章 實現智慧農業的無線網路

第12章 市場預測

  • 市場預測
  • 連線數的變化與預測:各用途
  • 連線數的變化與預測:NB-Iot·LTE·LoRa·其他
  • 連線數的變化與預測:免執照頻段 vs 要求許可證頻寬
  • 低功率網路資產追蹤市場
  • 智慧家庭·CE·家庭公共事業:低功率連線數
  • 智慧城市低功率連線數
  • 低功率網路的農業市場:各引進種類
  • 總論

本網頁內容可能與最新版本有所差異。詳細情況請與我們聯繫。

目錄

Title:
Low-Power Wide-Area Networks 2019-2029: Global Forecasts, Technologies, Applications
LPWAN, WPAN and 5G for enabling IoT: appraisal and forecasts.

There will be 2.7 billion LPWAN connections in 2029.

The key research in this report includes:

  • 5G subscription in mobile segments by geography (number of subscriptions)
  • 5G revenue in mobile segments by geography ($ millions)
  • Current year market size and forecasts to 2029 by communication protocol type, for NB-IoT, LTE-M, LoRa and other unlicensed spectrum protocols
  • Current year market size and forecasts to 2029 by application type, including smart cities, asset tracking, smart home and agriculture
  • Comparison of low power wide area networks, 5G and low power wireless networks - technologies, costs, players, politics and government support
  • Case studies and progress of adoption for each communication type
  • Assessment of each communication type by application

Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWAN) have developed in multiple ways. On one hand you have the low power, unlicensed communication technologies, some of which are highly proprietary and focused on a particular application, versus large telecoms companies who have added low power versions as extensions of their cellular network, with the leading cellular protocols, NB-IoT and LTE, now wrapped up into the 5G standard. There are many types available with different governments and territories pushing different types.

Then there is the consideration of the 'smoke and mirror' marketing of all these choices, with inconsistent and often inflated numbers of connections loosely used. This is due to each of the proponents being aware that they need to be seen as the protocol of choice before potential adopters sniff loss of confidence and momentum, leading to an inevitable shake-out of some of these options.

This study specifically focuses on the following:

1. Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWAN):

  • NB-IoT
  • LTE-M
  • LoRaWan
  • Sigfox
  • Weightless
  • InGenu
  • Others

2. 5G

  • Including NB-IoT and LTE
  • Subscriptions for phones, tablets and other consumer electronics
  • Vehicle and home communications

3. Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN):

  • Bluetooth 5 and Bluetooth Low Energy
  • Thread
  • WiFi
  • ZigBee
  • Z-Wave
  • Others

Based on 19 years' experience of assessing the wireless communication and IoT markets, IDTechEx Research has approached this study by assessing for the above:

  • Technology specifications
  • Key players and value chain
  • Business models and costs
  • Rate of adoption
  • Match of technology capabilities to specific application needs
  • Cases studies
  • Level of government support

Primary research has been conducted based on primary interviews with network operators, semiconductor manufacturers, licensing companies and device manufacturers.

Based on this global assessment, with particular focus on China, led by IDTechEx analyst Dr Luyun Jiang, forecasts have been developed by both application type and communication type for LPWAN protocols for 2018-2029 (excluding 2G, 3G and 4G connections).

In addition to an analysis of the technologies, IDTechEx has analyzed the four main verticals driving adoption of low power wireless network technology, these are:

  • Smart Buildings and Homes - Intelligent building networks are moving past the early adopter stage into the early majority, with government regulation driving the need for connected utilities and intelligent lighting and environmental management being used to make homes and offices more energy efficient, wireless networks play a key role in the connected building.
  • Smart Cities - Governments around the world are investing heavily in adding connected infrastructure to their environments, primarily in street lighting and environmental monitoring solutions among other applications.
  • Asset Tracking - Low power networks are providing a new business model in the form of subscriptions for tracking of things.
  • Agriculture - Technology is increasingly entering the agricultural space with new ways to monitor crops, water usage, environmental conditions and other aspects designed to ensure produce uniformity and good yields on farms and vineyards. The long range and low power requirements of LPWAN networks make them suitable for some applications.

The report includes over 120 companies working in this space from across the value chain. Profiles are generated from interview-based primary research with key staff from the relevant company, and are compiled alongside our other research to give maximum insight into the industry.

From our end user interviews, we summarize the future direction in some of the world's largest companies, outlining their vision for how wireless networks will play a key role in the future of IoT, and what they feel is needed from parallel industries to drive further growth. Key to our objective of the report is it summation of impartial, research driven data on the adoption of these technologies.

The report provides an impartial, global view of the complex landscape of new wireless communications, focusing on 5G and LPWAN.

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. What is a wireless network?
  • 1.2. What has led to the age of IoT?
  • 1.3. Industries targeting IoT
  • 1.4. Hurdles to mass rollout of IoT infrastructure
  • 1.5. Choosing the right connectivity option
  • 1.6. Different IoT use cases have different network requirements
  • 1.7. Different network types have different strengths
  • 1.8. What is LPWAN?
  • 1.9. Two main use cases for LPWAN
  • 1.10. Interest in LPWAN has grown dramatically since 2015
  • 1.11. Key players providing LPWAN technology
  • 1.12. LPWAN Providers at a glance
  • 1.13. Is 5G the future for IoT?
  • 1.14. 5G now incorporates NB-IoT and LTE-M
  • 1.15. NB-IoT driven by the Chinese market
  • 1.16. Sensors in the smart home
  • 1.17. Sensors in the smart city
  • 1.18. LPWAN in precision agriculture
  • 1.19. Report outcomes
  • 1.20. Smoke and Mirrors
  • 1.21. Conclusions
  • 1.22. Total connections by year by application 2018-2029
  • 1.23. Total connections by year for NB-IoT, LTE, LoRa and Others 2018-2029
  • 1.24. 5G subscription in mobile segments by geography
  • 1.25. 5G revenue in mobile segments by geography

2. INTRODUCTION TO THE INTERNET OF THINGS

  • 2.1. A brief history of the internet
  • 2.2. An internet made of things
  • 2.3. The Internet of Things is about getting value out of data
  • 2.4. Different industries have different focus
  • 2.5. Five ways IoT is creating opportunities
  • 2.6. What is a smart device?
  • 2.7. Connecting something to the internet does not make it smart
  • 2.8. Key definitions used in wireless networks
  • 2.9. Important business choices for IoT companies

3. NETWORKING DEVICES THROUGH THE INTERNET OF THINGS

  • 3.1. Safe communication using radio frequency
  • 3.2. IoT devices produce small amounts of data
  • 3.3. Large scale IoT projects have specific connectivity needs
  • 3.4. Addressing the IP address shortage
  • 3.5. 6LowPAN is an extension of IPv6
  • 3.6. Low bitrate signals travel longer distances
  • 3.7. Ultra narrow band (UNB) data transmission
  • 3.8. Different IoT use cases have different network requirements
  • 3.9. LPWAN technology developed in the 1980s
  • 3.10. Key features of LPWAN connectivity
  • 3.11. Dealing with interference in an LPWAN system
  • 3.12. Worldwide radio spectrum availability
  • 3.13. Use of licenced and unlicensed spectrum
  • 3.14. Different spectrum areas support different applications
  • 3.15. Cellular communication on licenced spectrum
  • 3.16. Global use of unlicensed spectrum.
  • 3.17. A long term future for unlicensed spectrum IoT devices?
  • 3.18. Spectrum sharing as the next model for licensed spectrum?
  • 3.19. Relative Project Costs for Cellular and LPWAN for new Deployments
  • 3.20. Licensed and unlicensed protocols
  • 3.21. Networking using a mesh topology
  • 3.22. Power management in mesh networks
  • 3.23. Networking using a scatternet topology
  • 3.24. Networking using a star topology
  • 3.25. Security considerations for IoT networks

4. KEY PLAYERS IN THE WPAN ECOSYSTEM

  • 4.1. The WPAN ecosystem is well established, but evolving
  • 4.2. Bluetooth 5-the next WPAN system?
  • 4.3. Bluetooth 4.2 vs Bluetooth 5
  • 4.4. Cutting through the hype on Bluetooth 5
  • 4.5. Three ZigBee specifications
  • 4.6. Thread networking protocol
  • 4.7. Interoperability in WPAN systems
  • 4.8. Comparison of WLAN networking protocols
  • 4.9. Applications of short range networks
  • 4.10. Alliances lead to operability issues

5. COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LPWAN ECOSYSTEM

  • 5.1. How many competing LPWAN technologies?
  • 5.2. The 'five 10s' of LPWAN connectivity
  • 5.3. Terminology used in LPWAN architecture
  • 5.4. Ingenu worldwide coverage
  • 5.5. LoRa Vs LoRaWAN
  • 5.6. LoRaWAN worldwide coverage
  • 5.7. Transmission over Chirp spread spectrum (CSS)
  • 5.8. LoRaWAN system architecture
  • 5.9. LoRaWAN protocol architecture
  • 5.10. Three classifications of LoRaWAN networks
  • 5.11. The Things Network
  • 5.12. Global reach of The Thing's Network community
  • 5.13. Applications and Limitations of LoRaWAN
  • 5.14. Sigfox architecture
  • 5.15. Global Sigfox coverage
  • 5.16. Sigfox local operators by region
  • 5.17. Classification of Weightless technologies
  • 5.18. NB-IoT takes aim at LPWAN
  • 5.19. NB-IoT
  • 5.20. Examples of Cellular operators trialling or deploying NB-IoT
  • 5.21. Huawei & Vodafone leading the way in NB-IoT
  • 5.22. Huawei NB-IoT Prediction for 2018
  • 5.23. NB-IoT Forum serves the needs of companies in the ecosphere
  • 5.24. ARM backs NB-IoT
  • 5.25. NB-IoT trials
  • 5.26. The first commercial NB-IoT network launches in Europe
  • 5.27. NB-IoT networks in 2018 and Beyond
  • 5.28. Inside the Vodafone NB-IoT open lab
  • 5.29. Hurdles to NB-IoT rollout
  • 5.30. Examples of companies partnering with Huawei on NB-IoT
  • 5.31. T-Mobile rolls the dice on NB-IoT
  • 5.32. LTE-M rolls out in America
  • 5.33. LTE-M vs NB-IoT
  • 5.34. LTE-M vs NB-IoT
  • 5.35. LTE-M could kickstart the smartwatch industry
  • 5.36. Key comparisons for each LPWAN provider
  • 5.37. The IoT battlefield: licensed vs unlicensed networks
  • 5.38. Different LPWAN winners in different regions
  • 5.39. Comparison of LPWAN capabilities
  • 5.40. Visual comparison of LPWAN technologies
  • 5.41. Defined battery life with LPWAN technology
  • 5.42. Firmware upgrades over LPWAN
  • 5.43. IoT networks designed for less economically developed countries
  • 5.44. 5G and IoT?
  • 5.45. 5G for the automotive sector
  • 5.46. 5G wraps in NB-IoT and LTE-M
  • 5.47. Unlicensed spectrum LPWAN making some impact in China
  • 5.48. Roaming capabilities of each LPWAN technology
  • 5.49. Total cost of LPWAN ownership
  • 5.50. Porters five force analysis of the LPWAN industry

6. ASSESSMENT OF 5G

  • 6.1. What is 5G (1)
  • 6.2. What is 5G (2)
  • 6.3. Evolution of mobile communications
  • 6.4. What can 5G offer (1)
  • 6.5. What can 5G offer (2)
  • 6.6. Differences between 4G and 5G
  • 6.7. The main technique innovations
  • 6.8. 5G operates at high frequency
  • 6.9. Combine sub-6 GHz and high frequency
  • 6.10. Why 5G is Lower Latency Radio Transmissions
  • 6.11. Key techniques: mmWave
  • 6.12. Key techniques: massive MIMO
  • 6.13. Massive MIMO enables beam forming
  • 6.14. Massive MIMO challenges and possible solutions
  • 6.15. Key techniques: edge-computing
  • 6.16. Key techniques: network slicing
  • 6.17. Key techniques: spectrum sharing
  • 6.18. Antenna array architectures for beam forming
  • 6.19. Base station site innovations
  • 6.20. 5G infrastructure: Huawei, Ericsson, Nokia, ZTE
  • 6.21. 5G beyond mobile
    • 6.21.1. 5G for TV service and internet at home (1)
    • 6.21.2. 5G for TV service and internet at home (2)
    • 6.21.3. 5G for connected plane
    • 6.21.4. 5G application example: V2X communication in cities
    • 6.21.5. 5G application example: V2X communication in cities
    • 6.21.6. 5G for automation: remote surgery
    • 6.21.7. 5G for automation: driver assistance systems
    • 6.21.8. 5G for automation: driver assistance systems (2)
    • 6.21.9. LiFi: complementary to 5G system
    • 6.21.10. 5G for industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
    • 6.21.11. Selected use cases of 5G in future factory
    • 6.21.12. 5G for Industry 4.0 in Nokia Factory
  • 6.22. Roadmap and Implementation
    • 6.22.1. 5G roadmap and timeline: finalising standardisation
    • 6.22.2. 5G roadmap and timeline: finalising standardisation
    • 6.22.3. Key players in 5G technologies
    • 6.22.4. 5G trials taking place
    • 6.22.5. 5G in USA (1)
    • 6.22.6. 5G in USA (2)
    • 6.22.7. 5G in China (1)
    • 6.22.8. 5G in China (2)
    • 6.22.9. 5G in Australia
    • 6.22.10. 5G in the Philippines
    • 6.22.11. 5G in Korea: PyeongChang 2018
    • 6.22.12. 5G in Japan (1)
    • 6.22.13. 5G in Japan (2)
    • 6.22.14. 5G in Singapore: waived 5G spectrum fees
    • 6.22.15. Other Trials
    • 6.22.16. Challenges and future
  • 6.23. NB-IoT is now also 5G
    • 6.23.1. 5G now incorporates NB-IoT and LTE-M
    • 6.23.2. NB-IoT, eMTC and 5G will cover different aspects
    • 6.23.3. NB-IoT is a better solution for LPWAN
    • 6.23.4. NB-IoT driven by the Chinese market
    • 6.23.5. NB-IoT networks can be deployed by using the existing sites
    • 6.23.6. Target market segments for NB-IoT
    • 6.23.7. Use cases of NB-IoT: B2G (government)
    • 6.23.8. Use cases of NB-IoT: B2B (1)
    • 6.23.9. Use cases of NB-IoT: B2B (2) animal tracking
    • 6.23.10. Use cases of NB-IoT: B2B (2) logistics tracking
    • 6.23.11. Use cases of NB-IoT: B2C
    • 6.23.12. NB-IoT/LTE-M global implementation
    • 6.23.13. NB-IoT innovators: 500+
  • 6.24. 5G market forecast
    • 6.24.1. 5G subscription in mobile segments by geography
    • 6.24.2. 5G revenue in mobile segments by geography

7. HARDWARE ENABLING WIRELESS CONNECTIVITY

  • 7.1. LPWAN offers big opportunities for the chip industry
  • 7.2. Licensing requirements for LPWAN technologies
  • 7.3. Price comparison of LPWAN module costs
  • 7.4. Semiconductor manufacturers announcing chipsets for NB-IoT
  • 7.5. Huawei driving NB-IoT hardware growth
  • 7.6. Comprehensive database of LPWAN silicon manufacturers
  • 7.7. Key players providing WPAN modules & chipsets
  • 7.8. Recent acquisitions in the semiconductor industry
  • 7.9. Linking LPWAN and WPAN communication methods
  • 7.10. Multiple LPWAN technologies in a single device
  • 7.11. Versatile chips are a game changer in the smart home
  • 7.12. MEMS enabling the miniaturisation of chemical sensors
  • 7.13. Sensor prototyping boards demonstrate demand from start-ups

8. INDOOR WIRELESS NETWORK USE CASES

  • 8.1. A smart home should be a place where...
  • 8.2. Interest in the smart home is growing
  • 8.3. A slow uptake in smart home devices so far
  • 8.4. Control System- Fully Connected IoT system
  • 8.5. Trends in smart homes
  • 8.6. Locks in a smart home
  • 8.7. Connected thermostats and energy meters
  • 8.8. Motion sensors
  • 8.9. Connected lights
  • 8.10. Indoor air quality monitoring
  • 8.11. Home utilities were the beginning of LPWAN
  • 8.12. Home metering is LPWANs biggest market
  • 8.13. Smart metering will peak in 2022
  • 8.14. Enabling long range mesh networks for utilities
  • 8.15. IKEA pledges support for ZigBee
  • 8.16. ZigBee establishing itself as the smart home network
  • 8.17. Mesh networking Bluetooth devices indoors
  • 8.18. Wi-Fi routers are adopting multiple forms of communication to become the centre of the home
  • 8.19. Temperature and humidity monitoring
  • 8.20. Wireless indoor air quality monitoring
  • 8.21. Fuel tank monitoring for home energy
  • 8.22. Communication through sound in the smart home

9. WIRELESS CONNECTIVITY IN SMART CITIES

  • 9.1. Where are the smart cities?
  • 9.2. Four factors that contribute to a smart city
  • 9.3. Smart city mesh networks
  • 9.4. The Wi-Sun alliance
  • 9.5. Silver Spring networks in smart cities
  • 9.6. LPWAN trends in smart cities
  • 9.7. Smart City Trends: Parking
  • 9.8. Car parking assisted by IoT
  • 9.9. Smart City Trends: Waste
  • 9.10. Smart city trends: street lights
  • 9.11. Libelium nodes utilising LPWAN technology
  • 9.12. Case Study: San Diego
  • 9.13. LPWAN deployment across India
  • 9.14. Internet connected fire hydrants
  • 9.15. People as sensor nodes
  • 9.16. LPWAN on a university campus
  • 9.17. Canal systems in the Netherlands make use of LPWAN technology
  • 9.18. LPWAN network coverage in Australia and New Zealand
  • 9.19. LPWAN in contingency planning

10. ASSET TRACKING USING IOT

  • 10.1. Transmission on the Internet of moving Things
  • 10.2. Traditional asset tracking methods are not ideal for IoT devices
  • 10.3. Geolocation with LoRaWAN
  • 10.4. Sigfox launches asset tracking platform
  • 10.5. RTLS combining multiple transmission methods
  • 10.6. Bluetooth well established in indoor location tracking
  • 10.7. Asset tracking across indoor and outdoor space
  • 10.8. LPWAN in the home
  • 10.9. NB-IoT for theft management
  • 10.10. Bicycle sharing enabled through NB-IoT
  • 10.11. Medical asset tracking
  • 10.12. Internet enabled pallet tracking
  • 10.13. SAYME launch Sigfox based tracking modules
  • 10.14. Asset tracking and a lot more
  • 10.15. LPWAN as a GPS back up - case studies
  • 10.16. Tracking shipping containers
  • 10.17. NB-IoT in wearables
  • 10.18. Child & pet tracking with IoT
  • 10.19. Animal tracking in national parks

11. WIRELESS NETWORKS ENABLING SMART AGRICULTURE

  • 11.1. LPWAN technologies see major success in agriculture vertical
  • 11.2. Crop monitoring using LPWAN networks
  • 11.3. Agricultural monitoring in New Zealand
  • 11.4. Verizon enter agricultural space
  • 11.5. Smart vineyards enabled through IoT
  • 11.6. Connected Kiwi production
  • 11.7. A smart gardening system
  • 11.8. Animal tracking across African plains
  • 11.9. Sustainable fisheries with IoT
  • 11.10. Sensor networks monitoring forest fires
  • 11.11. Wireless sensor networks enabling fire fighters

12. MARKET FORECASTS

  • 12.1. Market forecasts - what's included
  • 12.2. Total connections by year by application 2018-2029
  • 12.3. Total connections by year for NB-Iot, LTE, LoRa and Others 2018-2029
  • 12.4. Total connections by year 2018 - 2029: Unlicensed vs Licensed
  • 12.5. Asset tracking market for low power networks 2018-2029
  • 12.6. Smart home, consumer electronics and home utilities: low power connections 2018-2029
  • 12.7. Smart city low power connections 2018-2029
  • 12.8. Agricultural market for low power networks by deployment
  • 12.9. 5G subscription in mobile segments by geography
  • 12.10. 5G revenue in mobile segments by geography
  • 12.11. Conclusions
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