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無需電池的固定式能量存儲:電網,微電網,UPS,軌道側2021-2041

Stationary Energy Storage Without Batteries: Grid, Microgrid, UPS, Trackside 2021-2041

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品編碼 1003191
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 192 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
無需電池的固定式能量存儲:電網,微電網,UPS,軌道側2021-2041 Stationary Energy Storage Without Batteries: Grid, Microgrid, UPS, Trackside 2021-2041
出版日期: 2021年04月30日內容資訊: 英文 192 Slides
簡介

標題
不帶電池的固定式能量存儲:電網,微電網,UPS,Trackside 20 21-2041
重力,壓縮空氣,液化空氣,熱能,鋰離子電容器,超級電容器,不間斷電源,削峰,頻率校正,間歇性補償,峰值功率輸出,電壓補償,脈衝功率,KERS。

如今,固定式儲能通常是指電池或抽水蓄能。從材料短缺到場地短缺,他們面臨環境和規模擴大的問題。它們無法滿足或完全無法滿足許多新出現的要求,例如鐵路激增和太陽能的季節性存儲。這意味著替代品的巨大市場。

歡迎使用195頁的IDTechEx報告, "不帶電池的固定式能量存儲:電網,微電網,UPS,軌道ide 2021-2041" 。獨特的是,它揭示了新型無電池固定存儲在2031年將如何猛增至65億美元的業務,甚至還有更多。瞭解壓縮空氣或舉重如何在龐大的季節性太陽能發電量的不斷發展的市場中贏得勝利,但還有子集和其他選擇。如果95%的高效超級電容器抓住火車的製動能量,然後將其激增到火車上,那麼由柴油替代的電動火車系統將節省15%的能源費用。為此,電池的性能很差,因此被丟棄了。

對於電力供應,請查看如何使用飛輪,新的鋰離子超級電容器,偽電容器,蓄熱器,液化或壓縮空氣為燃料電池存儲氫。這些非電池解決方案(主要不含貴金屬,毒素或爆炸)也將進行比較並評估其前景。哪些是優秀的,哪些是較差的投資?很多非電池選項承諾達到的平準化成本的一半STOR的鋰離子電池,目前的固定存儲喜愛的年齡。可以相信哪些?

該報告面向商業,旨在通過澄清技術和需求的領先地位,參與者和市場差距來為價值鏈中的所有部門提供服務。好的與壞的:評估而不是悼詞。IDTechEx的全球研究人員經常在博士學位級別對其進行研究和更新,並以當地語言進行採訪。許多新的信息報,圖片,圖表,圖形以及2021年進行中的新聞使之易於閱讀和更新。

有關電網,微電網,UPS和軌道側導軌的問題包括:

  • 新興的固定存儲需求2021-2041的概況是什麼?
  • 非電池選件2021-2041的完整組合是什麼?
  • 研究渠道告訴我們什麼?
  • 與用於固定存儲的新興電池相比,這些電池的優缺點是什麼?
  • 預計成本從低到高不等。哪一個,為什麼,有什麼預期的改進?
  • 為什麼要花幾分鐘的時間來有效地限制無限的存儲時間?
  • "混合動力儲能係統" 如何實現組合?
  • 新興市場的智能城市分佈式存儲有哪些空白?
  • 誰將成為在所有這些業務中創造數十億美元新業務的領先者?
  • 哪些公司將成為理想的合作者?

"執行摘要和結論" 部分對於時間有限的人來說已經足夠了,它的許多新信息圖和表格將各種選擇,技術,成就和機遇與2041年的許多路線圖和預測進行了比較。它們甚至揭示了後來出現的挑戰和機會。報告中看到一些較主流的電池使用受到後來出現的更清潔,性能更好,更安全,更實惠的選擇的挑戰。

其餘部分包括以下主題,所有這些主題都包含許多實際的例子或正在試用的例子:

  • 2。簡介-瞭解由於安全性,性能和成本原因而導致的電池問題,導致採用替代電池。與電池相比,讓參賽者獲得更實惠,更性能,更安全,更環保的能源存儲。我們介紹了電網結構,電網所需的服務和微電網,並給出了從2021年起的新存儲示例。
  • 3。超級電容器及其衍生物- 1kWh及以上的純對稱EDLC及其衍生物鋰離子電容器LIC和偽電容器的技術,成功,最佳實踐和潛力,包括多用途備用/削峰/功率因數校正等。 。
  • 4。重力儲能- 35頁,因為它的重要性和多樣性,包括U-PHES ARGES,MGES等。在開始部分,一張圖表是由大小不同且從不同高度掉落的質量所提供的提供給讀者的是所需質量的大小。本章最後將對GES及其進入市場的能力進行分析。
  • 5。壓縮空氣儲能- CAES技術功能,選項,公司和未來前景。
  • 6。液態空氣儲能- LAES技術,市場和潛力。
  • 7。熱能存儲- TES技術,標誌和潛力。
  • 8。公司簡介-作為IDTechEx數據庫和具有重要評估的詳細表的鏈接。

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目錄

1。執行摘要和結論

  • 1.1。電池目前在固定式儲能中占主導地位
  • 1.2。不帶電池的固定存儲的主要結論2021-2041:大圖
  • 1.3。新的選擇可以解決極端的電池失效問題,也可以解決主流的電池應用問題
  • 1.4。不帶電池的固定存儲的主要結論2021-2041:技術選擇
  • 1.5。不斷增長的儲能市場
  • 1.6。高潛力ES技術:概述
  • 1.7。高潛力ES技術:參數
  • 1.8。解決問題
  • 1.9。高潛力ES技術:技術細分
  • 1.10。新興W/kg和Wh/kg
  • 1.11。哪種技術將主導市場?
  • 1.12。高潛力ES技術:參數比較
  • 1.13。高潛力ES技術分析
  • 1.14。技術/製造準備水平:定義
  • 1.15。技術/製造準備水平
  • 1.16。為什麼不使用鋰離子或氧化還原液流電池?
  • 1.17。儲能裝置比較
  • 1.18。預測方法
  • 1.19。預測假設
  • 1.20。市場預測-重力,液態空氣和壓縮空氣固定式能量存儲
  • 1.21。不帶電池的固定式儲能:技術共享2041
  • 1.22。預測領先技術的技術故障
  • 1.23。超級電容器技術路線圖2021-2041
  • 1.24。全球超級電容器價值市場按地區2021-2041

2。簡介

  • 2.1。概述
  • 2.2。電池限制
  • 2.3。可再生能源:能源產生和成本趨勢
  • 2.4。固定存儲的作用越來越重要
  • 2.5。固定式儲能不是新事物
  • 2.6。為什麼我們需要儲能
  • 2.7。儲能裝置
  • 2.8。儲能分類
  • 2.9。技術選擇:萬無一失
  • 2.10。示例:Trackside SESS
  • 2.11。示例:電車線路的固定式能量存儲
  • 2.12。ESS,BESS,BTM,FTM
  • 2.13。固定式儲能市場
  • 2.14。固定存儲的新途徑
  • 2.15。示例:電網重力儲能
  • 2.16。儲能激勵
  • 2.17。ES DRI的概述VERS
  • 2.18。可再生能源自耗
  • 2.19。ToU套利
  • 2.20。逐步淘汰關稅
  • 2.21。淨計量淘汰
  • 2.22。減少需求費用
  • 2.23。其他司機
  • 2.24。在客戶端提供的價值
  • 2.25。公用事業方提供的值
  • 2.26。輔助服務中提供的價值
  • 2.27。示例:2021年4月,全球最大的液態空氣能源存儲
  • 2.28。現代化抽水電

3。超級電容器和導數

  • 3.1。基本
  • 3.2。到目前為止,超級電容器的典型固定電源應用
  • 3.3。主要結論:地區差異和典型值(按應用)
  • 3.4。美國電磁炮
  • 3.5。製造商按行業劃分的某些超級電容器應用
  • 3.6。0.1 kWh至1 MWh超級電容器的大型新興市場示例
  • 3.7。軌道旁火車和有軌電車的再生-龐巴迪,西門子,Cegelec,Greentech輕軌和有軌電車
  • 3.8。輕軌:列車或軌道旁的再生超級電容器
  • 3.9。路邊HESS:頻率調節,能效
  • 3.10。能源領域的超級電容器-概述
  • 3.11。新一代波浪動力和波浪起伏補償
  • 3.12。新一代潮汐能
  • 3.13。風力-風力發電機保護和輸出平滑
  • 3.14。機載風能AWE
  • 3.15。公用事業儲能和大型UPS
  • 3.16。超級電容器在電網中的作用-Maxwell Insight
  • 3.17。混合電力儲能HEES:優勢
  • 3.18。普渡大學和威斯康星大學的見解
  • 3.19。固體氧化物電解質電池SOEC燃料電池HEES,具有超級電容器存儲在網格中
  • 3.20。示例:Duke Energy Rankin PV間歇性平滑+負載轉移
  • 3.21。示例:平滑風電場的功率輸出
  • 3.22。Freqcon-公用事業規模的超級電容器
  • 3.23。微電網
  • 3.24。示例:愛爾蘭微電網測試台
  • 3.25。博爾庫姆市的旗艦項目是固定式儲能

4。重力儲能(GES)

  • 4.1.1。重力儲能(GES)
  • 4.1.2。重力技術計算
  • 4.1.3。基於活塞的GES-能量存儲示例
  • 4.1.4。GES技術分類
  • 4.1.5。GES可以進入市場嗎?
  • 4.1.6。本章其餘部分的結構
  • 4.2。ARES
    • 4.2.1。ARES LLC技術概述
    • 4.2.2。ARES技術:牽引傳動,山脊線
    • 4.2.3。技術比較:牽引傳動,山脊線
    • 4.2.4。相當大的景觀足跡
    • 4.2.5。ARES市場與技術分析
  • 4.3。活塞式重力儲能(PB-GES)
    • 4.3。1.能源庫-技術工作原理
    • 4.3.2。能源庫-磚塊材料
    • 4.3.3。能源庫技術與市場分析
    • 4.3.4。重力-基於活塞的能量存儲
    • 4.3.5。重力技術分析
    • 4.3.6。山地重力儲能(MGES):概述
    • 4.3.7。山地重力儲能(MGES):分析
  • 4.4。地下-抽水蓄能(U-PHES)
    • 4.4.1。地下-PHES:
    • 4.4.2。U-PHES-重力
    • 4.4.3。U-PHES-Heindl Energy
    • 4.4.4。Heindl Energy技術的詳細說明
    • 4.4.5。U-PHES-Heindl Energy
    • 4.4.6。地下-PHES:分析
  • 4.5。水下儲能(U WES)
    • 4.5.1。水下儲能(UWES)-分析

5。壓縮空氣能量存儲(CAES)

  • 5.1。CAES的歷史發展
  • 5.2。CAES技術概述
  • 5.3。CAES的缺點 5.4。絕熱壓縮能量存儲(D-CAES)
  • 5.5。Huntorf D-CAES-德國北部
  • 5.6。McIntosh D-CAES-美國阿拉巴馬州
  • 5.7。絕熱-壓縮空氣儲能(A-CAES)
  • 5.8。A-CAES分析
  • 5.9。等溫-壓縮空氣儲能(I-CAES)
  • 5.10。CAES技術的主要參與者
  • 5.11。CAES播放器和項目

6。液體空氣能存儲(LAES)

  • 6.1。液態空氣儲能
  • 6.2。能源存儲市場中液態空氣的曙光
  • 6.3。住友工業投資Highview Energy
  • 6.4。冷熱庫材料:
  • 6.5。液化空氣的工業流程
  • 6.6。LAES歷史沿革
  • 6.7。LAES公司和項目
  • 6.8。拉美經濟FLASH播放器RS
  • 6.9。LAES分析師分析

7。熱能儲存(TES)

  • 7.1。TES技術概述和分類
  • 7.2。每日TES系統-國內應用
  • 7.3。每日TES系統-太陽能熱發電計劃(CSP)
  • 7.4。季節性和長期的TES系統
  • 7.5。季節性TES系統-地下TES
  • 7.6。季節性TES系統-太陽能池塘

8。公司簡介

  • 8.1。公司簡介
  • 8.2。固定式超級電容器和超級電容器的製造商-我們的10個評估專欄的解釋
  • 8.3。到2020年按地區劃分的超級電容器製造商數量以及2041年趨勢
目錄
Product Code: ISBN 9781913899455

Title:
Stationary Energy Storage Without Batteries: Grid, Microgrid, UPS, Trackside 2021-2041
Gravitational, Compressed Air, Liquified Air, Thermal Energy, Li-ion Capacitor, Supercapacitor, uninterruptible power supplies, peak shaving, frequency correction, intermittency compensation, peak power delivery, voltage compensation, pulse power, KERS.

Today, stationary energy storage usually means batteries or pumped hydro. They have environmental and scale-up issues from shortage of materials to shortage of sites. They poorly meet or fail completely with many of the emerging requirements, such as railway surges and seasonal storage of solar. That means a large market for alternatives.

Welcome the 195 page IDTechEx report, "Stationary Energy Storage Without Batteries: Grid, Microgrid, UPS, Trackside 2021-2041". Uniquely, it reveals how new battery-less stationary storage will surge to a $6.5 billion business in 2031, with much more beyond. Learn how compressing air or lifting weights can win for the developing market for massive seasonal storage of solar power but there are subsets and other options. Electric train systems taking over from diesel save 15% of their energy bill if 95% efficient supercapacitors grab train braking energy, then surge it into trains leaving. Batteries perform poorly for this, so they are being abandoned.

For electricity supply, see how there is scope for storing hydrogen for fuel cells, using flywheels, new lithium-ion supercapacitors, pseudocapacitors, thermal storage, liquifying or compressing air. These non-battery solutions, mostly with no precious metals, toxins or explosions are also compared and prospects appraised. Which are excellent and which are a poor investment for this? Many non-battery options are promised to reach half the levelized cost of storage of lithium-ion batteries, today's stationary-storage favourite. Which ones and can they be believed?

The report is commercially-oriented to serve all in the value chain by clarifying where the technology and demands are leading, the players and the gaps in the market. Good and bad: assessment not eulogy. It is researched and frequently updated by IDTechEx analysts worldwide, often at PhD level, and carrying out interviews in local languages. Many new infograms, pictures, diagrams, graphs and ongoing 2021 news items make it both easily readable and up-to-date.

Questions answered for grid, microgrid, UPS and trackside rail include:

  • What is the full picture of emerging stationary-storage needs 2021-2041?
  • What is the complete portfolio of non-battery options 2021-2041?
  • What does the research pipeline tell us?
  • What is the bad and good of these vs emerging batteries for stationary storage?
  • Projected costs vary from low to high. Which, why, what prospective improvement?
  • Why is there a place for technologies with a few minutes to effectively infinite storage time?
  • What do combinations as "hybrid energy storage systems" achieve?
  • What are the many gaps in the emerging market for smart city distributed storage?
  • Who will emerge as leading players making billion-dollar new businesses out of all this?
  • What companies will make ideal collaborators?

The Executive Summary and Conclusions section is sufficient for those with limited time, its many new infograms and tables comparing the options, technologies, achievements and opportunities with many roadmaps and forecasts to 2041. They even reveal the later-arriving challenges and opportunities. See some mainstream battery uses being challenged by later-emerging cleaner, better-performing, safer, more affordable options covered in the report.

The rest consists of the following topics, all including many actual examples in action or under trial:

  • 2. Introduction - Understand ongoing battery problems leading to the adoption of alternatives for reasons of safety, performance, and cost. See the contestants for more affordable, better performing, safer and more environmental energy storage than batteries can provide. We introduce the electricity grid structure, the service which the grid requires and microgrids and give new storage examples from 2021.
  • 3. Supercapacitors and derivatives - Technology, success, best practice and potential for pure, symmetrical EDLC and derivatives lithium-ion capacitors LIC and pseudocapacitors in banks 1kWh and above, including multipurpose backup/ peak shaving/ power factor correction etc. Manufacturers compared.
  • 4. Gravitational Energy Storage - 35 packed pages because of its importance and variety including U-PHES ARGES, MGES etc. In the initial part, a chart of the energy provided by a mass of different size and falling from different heights is provided to give the reader a feeling of the size of the mass required. The subchapter concludes with an analysis of GES and its capability to reach the market.
  • 5. Compressed Air Energy Storage - CAES Technical features, options, companies and future prospects.
  • 6. Liquid Air Energy Storage - LAES technology, market and potential.
  • 7. Thermal Energy Storage - TES technology, market and potential.
  • 8. Company profiles - as links to IDTechEx database and detailed tables with critical appraisal.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. Batteries currently dominate stationary energy storage
  • 1.2. Primary conclusions for stationary storage without batteries 2021-2041: big picture
  • 1.3. New options tackle extremes where batteries fail and also start to tackle mainstream battery applications
  • 1.4. Primary conclusions for stationary storage without batteries 2021-2041: Technology choices
  • 1.5. A Growing Energy Storage Market
  • 1.6. High Potential ES Technologies: Overview
  • 1.7. High Potential ES Technologies: Parameters
  • 1.8. Addressing the issues
  • 1.9. High Potential ES Technologies: Technology Segmentation
  • 1.10. Emerging W/kg & Wh/kg
  • 1.11. Which technology will dominate the market?
  • 1.12. High Potential ES Technologies: Parameter comparison
  • 1.13. High Potential ES Technologies analysis
  • 1.14. Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level: definitions
  • 1.15. Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level
  • 1.16. Why not Li-ion or Redox Flow batteries?
  • 1.17. Comparison of energy storage devices
  • 1.18. Forecast Methodology
  • 1.19. Forecast Assumptions
  • 1.20. Market Forecasts - Gravity, liquid air and compressed air stationary energy storage
  • 1.21. Stationary energy storage without batteries: technology shares 2041
  • 1.22. Forecast technology breakdown for leading technologies
  • 1.23. Supercapacitor technology roadmap 2021-2041
  • 1.24. Global supercapacitor value market by territory 2021-2041

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Overview
  • 2.2. Battery limitations
  • 2.3. Renewable Energies: Energy generated and cost trend
  • 2.4. The increasingly important role of stationary storage
  • 2.5. Stationary energy storage is not new
  • 2.6. Why We Need Energy Storage
  • 2.7. Energy Storage Devices
  • 2.8. Energy Storage Classification
  • 2.9. Technology choices: no single winner for everything
  • 2.10. Example: Trackside SESS
  • 2.11. Example: Stationary energy storage for tramlines
  • 2.12. ESS, BESS, BTM, FTM
  • 2.13. Stationary Energy Storage Markets
  • 2.14. New avenues for stationary storage
  • 2.15. Example: Gravitational energy storage for grid
  • 2.16. Incentives for energy storage
  • 2.17. Overview of ES drivers
  • 2.18. Renewable energy self-consumption
  • 2.19. ToU Arbitrage
  • 2.20. Feed-in-Tariff phase-outs
  • 2.21. Net metering phase-outs
  • 2.22. Demand Charge Reduction
  • 2.23. Other Drivers
  • 2.24. Values provided at the customer side
  • 2.25. Values provided at the utility side
  • 2.26. Values provided in ancillary services
  • 2.27. Example: World's largest liquid air energy storage April 2021
  • 2.28. Modernising pumped hydro

3. SUPERCAPACITORS AND DERIVATIVES

  • 3.1. Basics
  • 3.2. Typical stationary power applications of supercapacitors so far
  • 3.3. Primary conclusions: regional differences and typical values by application
  • 3.4. US railgun
  • 3.5. Some supercapacitor applications targeted by manufacturers by sector
  • 3.6. Examples of the large emerging market for 0.1 kWh to 1MWh supercapacitors
  • 3.7. Trackside train and tram regeneration - Bombardier, Siemens, Cegelec, Greentech light rail and tram
  • 3.8. Light rail: regen supercapacitors on train or trackside
  • 3.9. Wayside Rail HESS: Frequency regulation, energy efficiency
  • 3.10. Supercapacitors in the energy sector - Overview
  • 3.11. New generation wave power and wave heave compensation
  • 3.12. New generation tidal power
  • 3.13. Wind power - Wind turbine protection and output smoothing
  • 3.14. Airborne Wind Energy AWE
  • 3.15. Utility energy storage and large UPS
  • 3.16. The role of supercapacitors in the grid - Maxwell insight
  • 3.17. Hybrid electric energy storage HEES: benefits
  • 3.18. Purdue and Wisconsin Universities insight
  • 3.19. Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell SOEC fuel cell HEES with supercapacitor storage in grid
  • 3.20. Example: Duke Energy Rankin PV intermittency smoothing + load shifting
  • 3.21. Example: smoothing wind farm power output
  • 3.22. Freqcon - utility-scale supercapacitors
  • 3.23. Microgrids
  • 3.24. Example: Ireland microgrid test bed
  • 3.25. Borkum Municipality with a flagship project for stationary energy storage

4. GRAVITATIONAL ENERGY STORAGE (GES)

  • 4.1.1. Gravitational Energy Storage (GES)
  • 4.1.2. Calculation from Gravitricity technology
  • 4.1.3. Piston Based GES - Energy Stored example
  • 4.1.4. GES Technology Classification
  • 4.1.5. Can the GES reach the market?
  • 4.1.6. Structure of the remainder of this chapter
  • 4.2. ARES
    • 4.2.1. ARES LLC Technology Overview
    • 4.2.2. ARES Technologies: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
    • 4.2.3. Technical Comparison: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
    • 4.2.4. A considerable Landscape footprint
    • 4.2.5. ARES Market, and Technology analysis
  • 4.3. Piston Based Gravitational Energy Storage (PB-GES)
    • 4.3.1. Energy Vault - Technology working principle
    • 4.3.2. Energy Vault - Brick Material
    • 4.3.3. Energy Vault Technology and market analysis
    • 4.3.4. Gravitricity - Piston-based Energy storage
    • 4.3.5. Gravitricity technology analysis
    • 4.3.6. Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Overview
    • 4.3.7. Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Analysis
  • 4.4. Underground - Pumped Hydro Energy Storage (U-PHES)
    • 4.4.1. Underground - PHES:
    • 4.4.2. U-PHES - Gravity Power
    • 4.4.3. U-PHES - Heindl Energy
    • 4.4.4. Detailed description of Heindl Energy technology
    • 4.4.5. U-PHES - Heindl Energy
    • 4.4.6. Underground - PHES: Analysis
  • 4.5. Under Water Energy Storage (UWES)
    • 4.5.1. Under Water Energy Storage (UWES) - Analysis

5. COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES)

  • 5.1. CAES Historical Development
  • 5.2. CAES Technologies overview
  • 5.3. Drawbacks of CAES
  • 5.4. Diabatic Compressed Energy Storage (D-CAES)
  • 5.5. Huntorf D-CAES - North of Germany
  • 5.6. McIntosh D-CAES - US Alabama
  • 5.7. Adiabatic - Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES)
  • 5.8. A - CAES analysis
  • 5.9. Isothermal - Compressed Air Energy Storage (I - CAES)
  • 5.10. Main players in CAES technologies
  • 5.11. CAES Players and Project

6. LIQUID AIR ENERGY STORAGE (LAES)

  • 6.1. Liquid Air Energy Storage
  • 6.2. The Dawn of Liquid Air in the Energy Storage Market
  • 6.3. Sumitomo Industries invests in Highview Energy
  • 6.4. Hot and Cold Storage Materials:
  • 6.5. Industrial Processes to Liquify Air
  • 6.6. LAES Historical Evolution
  • 6.7. LAES Companies and Projects
  • 6.8. LAES Players
  • 6.9. LAES Analyst analysis

7. THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES)

  • 7.1. TES Technology Overview and Classification
  • 7.2. Diurnal TES Systems - Domestic application
  • 7.3. Diurnal TES Systems - Solar Thermal Power Plants (CSP)
  • 7.4. Seasonal and long-duration TES Systems
  • 7.5. Seasonal TES Systems - Underground TES
  • 7.6. Seasonal TES Systems - Solar Ponds

8. COMPANY PROFILES

  • 8.1. Company Profiles
  • 8.2. Manufacturers of supercapacitors and derivatives for stationary energy storage - Explanation of our 10 assessment columns
  • 8.3. Number of supercapacitor manufacturers by territory 2020 and trend to 2041