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城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE):全球技術、產業、市場分析

Municipal Waste to Energy - A Global Technology, Industry and Market Analysis

出版商 iRAP - Innovative Research and Products 商品編碼 565365
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 301 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
價格
城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE):全球技術、產業、市場分析 Municipal Waste to Energy - A Global Technology, Industry and Market Analysis
出版日期: 2017年10月13日內容資訊: 英文 301 Pages
簡介

本報告提供全球城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE)市場調查,技術,產業與市場,產品能力,及應用概要,MWTE技術產業上技術、產業課題,全球MWTE技術應用市場的現在、未來的成長規模,主要製造商、技術開發者簡介,及全球主要MWTE技術供應商簡介等彙整資料。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE):全球展望

  • 燃料資源的廢棄物:能源含量
  • 開採,收集,及提供的成本
  • 廢棄物資源
  • 建設、拆卸 (C&D) 廢棄物
  • 採礦、採石 (M&Q) 廢棄物
  • 商業廢棄物
  • 家庭廢棄物
  • 工業廢棄物
  • 農業廢棄物
  • 污水廢棄物
  • 垃圾掩埋場
  • 廢棄物能源回收 (WTE)的價值
  • 全球WTE資本支出、其他

第4章 廢棄物能源回收 (WTE)技術

  • 燃燒
  • 混燒
  • 燃燒廠房的成本
  • 垃圾掩埋沼氣
  • 固體廢棄物燃料 (RDF)
  • 厭氧消化 (AD)
  • 機械性、生物性處理 (MBT)
  • 氣化
  • 熱解
  • 解聚
  • MSW處理的氣化設備的種類
  • 由於純氧、氫的氣化
  • 等離子氣化
  • SWTE (固體廢棄物能源回收)
  • 等離子電弧
  • 氣體等離子流程
  • 超高溫 (超高溫殺菌) 等離子氣化
  • 城市的固體廢棄物氣化的優點
  • 溫室效應氣體的削減
  • 轉換技術
  • 氣化的缺點
  • 垃圾掩埋沼氣 (LFG
  • WTE的技術優點、障礙
  • 在WTE實行時的檢討事項
  • 材料回收
  • 技術課題
  • 環境上的優點
  • 資源的廢棄物
  • 對環境的影響
  • 大氣排放量
  • 水資源
  • 固體廢棄物的排放
  • 土地資源的利用
  • 對大量焚燒設施的許可的問題

第5章 政府法規

第6章 全球城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE) 產業結構

  • 企業:各地區
  • 市場成長的推動因素

第7章 全球城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE) 技術市場

  • 歐洲的MWTE技術市場
  • 亞洲、大洋洲的MWTE技術市場
  • 北美的MWTE技術市場
  • 中南美的MWTE技術市場
  • 非洲的MWTE技術市場
  • 中東的MWTE技術市場

第8章 城市的廢棄物能源回收 (MWTE) 燃燒技術

  • 燃燒技術:各地區
  • 歐洲的MWTE燃燒技術市場
  • 亞洲的MWTE燃燒技術市場
  • 北美的MWTE燃燒技術市場
  • 中南美的MWTE燃燒技術市場
  • 非洲的MWTE燃燒技術需求
  • 中東的MWTE燃燒技術需求
  • 歐洲的MWTE垃圾掩埋沼氣技術市場
  • 亞洲的MWTE垃圾掩埋沼氣技術市場
  • 北美的MWTE垃圾掩埋沼氣技術市場
  • 中南美的MWTE垃圾掩埋沼氣技術市場
  • 非洲的MWTE垃圾掩埋沼氣技術需求
  • 中東的MWTE垃圾掩埋沼氣技術需求

第9章 全球固體廢棄物燃料 (RDF) 技術市場

  • 歐洲的RDF技術市場
  • 亞洲的RDF技術市場
  • 北美的RDF技術市場
  • 中南美的RDF技術市場
  • 非洲的RDF技術市場
  • 中東的RDF技術市場

第10章 全球等離子氣化技術市場

  • 歐洲的MWTE等離子氣化技術市場
  • 亞洲的MWTE等離子氣化技術市場
  • 氣化技術:各國
  • 北美的MWTE等離子氣化技術市場
  • 中南美的MWTE等離子氣化技術市場
  • 非洲的MWTE等離子氣化技術市場
  • 中東的MWTE等離子氣化技術市場
  • 全球MWTE的熱解氣化技術應用
  • 歐洲的MWTE熱解氣化技術市場
  • 氣化技術:各國
  • 亞洲、大洋洲的MWTE熱解氣化技術市場
  • 北美的MWTE熱解氣化技術市場
  • 中南美的MWTE熱解氣化技術市場
  • 非洲的MWTE熱解氣化技術需求
  • 氣化技術:各國
  • 中東的MWTE熱解氣化技術需求

第11章 新發展

第12章 專利、專利分析

第13章 企業簡介

  • AALBORG ENERGIE TECHNIK A/S
  • ADI SYSTEMS INC.
  • AEROTHERMAL GROUP
  • WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORPORATION
  • WMT-LBS GMBH
  • ZERO WASTE ENERGY, LLC (ZWE)
目錄
Product Code: EN-108

Technology processes that convert municipal waste to energy represent some of the most promising methods to solve environmental problems and to address increasing energy demand caused a growing human population coupled with increasing economic activity.

Municipal waste-to-energy (MWTE) is a renewable energy source which obtained from resources that are essentially unlimited, since it consists of human-generated solid waste that is produced in every country around the globe. MWTE can be used to generate thermal energy and/or electricity. While some renewable energy may have higher costs than energy from conventional sources, under the right conditions this is not necessarily the case. An increasing number of cities, states, provinces and countries are implementing MWTE production in order to reduce their overall energy costs.

If applied using current strategies, MWTE will generate other benefits that include:

  • increasing the flexibility of power systems as electricity demand changes;
  • reducing pollution and emissions from conventional energy systems; and
  • reducing dependency and minimizing expenditure on imported fuels.

Moreover, some MWTE technologies are suited to small off-grid applications. Small energy systems can often contribute to the local economy by creating jobs in manufacturing, installation and servicing.

A number of MWTE technologies are available to communities in the United States and other global regions. These include combustion technologies, landfill gas technologies, plasma gasification technologies, pyrolysis gasification technologies and refuse-derived fuels. Detailed explanations of these key MWTE technologies are provided in the remainder of this report.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report focuses on the many new developments that have been taking place in MWTE technologies. Most of the market application sectors are growing at a good pace. In addition, there are new regions with dynamic economies that offer significant application opportunities for technologies used in the conversion of waste to energy.

Among the countries where we see good prospects for this industry are the growing economies of India, China and Brazil. The rapid economic expansions occurring in these evolving major economies, coupled with their large populations, has positioned MWTE among their top renewable energy options, and it is, as well, a key long-term future environmental solution. These developments have created the need for a proper analysis of market and business issues, trends in the MWTE industry, and international markets.

This report has been prepared to:

  • provide an overview of MWTE technologies, industry and markets, product capabilities and applications;
  • identify technical and business issues in the MWTE technologies industry;
  • illustrate the market idiosyncrasies among the MWTE technology applications and analyze global economic and technological trends impacting the demand for these technologies;
  • determine the current size and future growth of the world markets for MWTE technology applications;
  • identify and profile key manufacturers and developers of MWTE technology; and
  • identify global suppliers of MWTE technologies.

This study covers technical and industry overviews, MWTE technology processes, current and emerging MWTE technology methods, business and industry issues, current and emerging applications, and an extensive market analysis. The current size and future growth of transnational markets are estimated for 2016 and 2021.

FORMAT AND SCOPE

This report reviews the MWTE technology industry, including types of technologies, their applications, and current and anticipated demand for specific applications. For each market segment, the report provides an analysis of technology category, applications, international markets and competition.

The qualitative and quantitative judgments embodied in this report are a valuable contribution to the current knowledge of MWTE technologies, the prevailing economic and environmental conditions which require applications, the settings in which these technologies are used, and their markets. Moreover, this study has been conducted at a stage of market development when new applications hold the potential to revolutionize the industry. This is a consequence of the expanding utilization of waste to energy technologies - the need to continuously reduce gas emissions from landfills and increase energy production at a cost that consumers can afford, while still producing profitable returns to investors who must fund the high costs of electrical power plants, etc. This requires the application of new and innovative energy producing processes. The current study identifies all such applications.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

The findings of this report are based on information derived from interviews with producers, distributors and major operators of waste to energy operations. Several industry experts were also contacted for this study.

Secondary data were obtained from government sources such as the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, waste to energy equipment manufacturers, trade publications, technical journals, and government statistics from agencies such as the U.S. Department of Commerce, the U.S. Government Accountability Office and the European Commission.

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY

This study provides the most complete accounting of the current market and future growth in municipal waste to energy country wise in Africa, Asia, Europe, The Middle East and The Americas. Further, the report provides global market according to technologies used for converting municipal waste to energy such as combustion, land fill gas technology, refuse derived fuels technology, plasma gasification and pyrolysis gasification. Markets are estimated for 2015, 2016 and 2021.

TO WHOM THE STUDY CATERS

This report is directed to companies that are interested in developments in this field, such as

  • establishments involved in incinerator development and manufacturing;
  • renewable energy technology suppliers and consultants, energy systems engineers, developers of energy infrastructure projects;
  • producers and suppliers of boiler plant equipment;
  • manufacturers and suppliers of systems and subsystems which incorporate waste recycling;
  • builders and integrators of wastewater treatment technologies;
  • investment institutions involved in the financing of energy resource and environmental solution projects;
  • renewable technology research companies and institutions; and
  • major energy utility companies interested in diversification.

REPORT SUMMARY

The municipal waste to energy (MWTE) technologies industry has sustained significant growth in the last decade and is likely to continue to expand in the future because of the increasing demands for energy and for environmental solutions. In addition to countries in Asia and in the Americas that are undergoing economic expansions, population growth is a major driver. Among the countries where we see increased human consumption, holding the potential for positively impacting the MWTE technologies industry, are China, India and Brazil.

Within the MWTE sector, there has been continuous innovation in the technologies for waste to energy conversion processes, which has resulted in systems having greater efficiencies. In turn, this has increased the scope of waste to energy technology applications.

Global market for Municipal Waste to Energy Technologies was estimated to have reached $30.2 billion in 2016 and will reach $41.5 billion by 2021 with a growth rate of 6.5% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) over the next five years.

In terms of region wise market share, the Asian region offers the greatest opportunities for growth, a trend that is expected to continue through 2021 followed by Europe and The Americas and The Middle East and Africa as distant 4th and 5th position. In terms of technologies used, the Combustion Technology dominates the market.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

  • INTRODUCTION
  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • FORMAT AND SCOPE
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • WHO SHOULD SUBSCRIBE?
  • AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE A: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • SUMMARY FIGURE A: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • SUMMARY TABLE B: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2021
  • SUMMARY FIGURE B: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2021

3. MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

  • WASTE AS FUEL SOURCE: ENERGY CONTENT
    • TABLE 1: AVERAGE HEAT CONTENT OF SELECTED BIOMASS FUELS
  • COST OF HARVESTING, COLLECTING, AND DELIVERING FEEDSTOCK
  • SOURCES OF WASTE
    • TABLE 2: U.S. MSW CONTENT BY MATERIAL, 2007
    • FIGURE 1: TOTAL U.S. MSW GENERATION BY MATERIAL
  • CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION (C&D) WASTE
  • MINING AND QUARRYING (M&Q) WASTE
  • COMMERCIAL WASTE
  • HOUSEHOLD WASTE
  • INDUSTRIAL WASTE
  • AGRICULTURAL WASTE
  • SEWAGE WASTE
    • TABLE 3: AVERAGE MILLION BTU PER TON FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW)
    • TABLE 4: BIOGENIC AND NON-BIOGENIC CONTRIBUTIONS TO MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW)
  • LANDFILLS
  • WASTE TO ENERGY VALUE
    • TABLE 5: GLOBAL VALUE OF WASTE TO ENERGY ASSETS, 2016-2021
  • GLOBAL VALUE OF CAPITAL EXPENDITURES FOR WTE
    • TABLE 6: ESTIMATED CAPITAL EXPENDITURES IN MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY REGION, 2014-2021
    • TABLE 7: MSWTE TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 8: ESTIMATED MSWTE GIGAWATTS OF POWER BY REGION
  • GLOBAL VALUE OF TOTAL TIPPING FEES TO SWTE
    • TABLE 9: VALUE OF TOTAL TIPPING FEES, 2014-2021
  • GLOBAL CARBON OFFSET VALUE
    • TABLE 10: TOTAL ESTIMATED VALUES OF CARBON OFFSETS
  • GLOBAL VALUE OF METAL RECOVERY:
    • TABLE 11: ESTIMATED TOTAL VALUE OF METAL RECOVERY BY REGION
  • VALUE OF OTHER WTE PRODUCTS
  • MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 12: SUMMARY VALUE OF MSWTE ASSETS U.S. 2014-2021
    • TABLE 13: U.S. WASTE-TO-ENERGY CAPACITY ESTIMATED PROFILE
    • TABLE 14: U.S. WASTE-TO-ENERGY SITES, 2014-2021
    • TABLE 15: MUNICIPAL WASTE SOURCE, VALUE AND PERCENT OF MSW MARKET
  • THE U.S. COMBUSTION MARKET
    • TABLE 16: US STATES RANKED ACCORDING TO ENERGY PRODUCED FROM WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS (1000S KWH)
  • OTHER WASTE TO ENERGY IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 17: INDUSTRIAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY WASTE PRODUCT IN KILOWATT HOURS
    • TABLE 18: INDUSTRIAL BIOMASS ELECTRICITY NET GENERATION BY U.S. REGIONS AND ENERGY SOURCES
    • TABLE 19: INDUSTRIAL BIOMASS ELECTRICITY NET GENERATION BY U.S. REGIONS AND ENERGY SOURCES
  • EUROPEAN MSWTE:
    • TABLE 20: VALUE OF EUROPEAN MSWTE ASSETS, 2015-2021
    • TABLE 21: EUROPEAN LEADERS IN LANDFILLLING
    • TABLE 22: ELECTRICAL AND HEAT EFFICIENCY IN EUROPEAN WTE PLANTS
  • ASIA MSWTE
    • TABLE 23: ASIA'S ESTIMATED MSWTE ASSETT PROFILE, 2015-2021
    • TABLE 24: TREATMENT METHODS IN EAST ASIA
  • CHINA
    • TABLE 25: REPRESENTATIVE WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS IN CHINA
  • INDIA
  • JAPAN
    • TABLE 26: JAPANESE WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS
  • REST OF THE WORLD
  • AFRICA
  • BRAZIL

4. WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES

  • TABLE 27: MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE- TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, FEEDSTOCKS AND PRODUCTS
  • COMBUSTION
    • FIGURE 2: WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANT DIAGRAM
  • CO-FIRING
    • FIGURE 3: TYPICAL MSWTE PLANT CONFIGURATION
  • COMBUSTION PLANT COSTS
    • TABLE 28: LOW AND HIGH EFFICIENCY FOR MSW POWER PLANTS
    • TABLE 29: CARBON DIOXIDE OFFSET RATES
  • LANDFILL GAS
    • TABLE 30: LANDFILL GAS FACILITY EQUIPMENT
  • REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL (RDF):
    • FIGURE 4 DIAGRAM OF RDF PRODUCTION
  • WITH NON-DEDICATED PLANT
    • FIGURE 5: BIOMASS TO FUELS CONVERSION PATHWAYS
  • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION (AD)
  • MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT
  • GASIFICATION
    • TABLE 31: GASIFICATION FEEDSTOCKS BY MARKET PERCENT
    • FIGURE 6: BASIC GASIFICATION PROCESS
    • FIGURE 7: BIOMASS GASIFIER FLOW CHART
    • TABLE 32: BIOMASS GASIFICATION VERSUS SOLAR AND WIND POWER
  • PYROLYSIS
  • DEPOLYMERIZATION
  • TYPES OF GASIFIERS FOR MSW TREATMENT:
    • TABLE 33: THERMAL CAPACITY BY GASIFIER DESIGN
  • GASIFICATION WITH PURE OXYGEN OR HYDROGEN
  • PLASMA GASIFICATION
    • FIGURE 8: ILLUSTRATION OF PLASMA ARC
    • FIGURE 9: PLASMA GASIFICATION SCHEMATIC FOR MUNICIPAL
  • SOLID WASTE TO ENERGY
    • FIGURE 10: PLASMA PROCESSING OF MSW AT COAL-FIRED PLANTS
  • PLASMA ARC
  • GAS PLASMA PROCESS
  • ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURE (UHT) PLASMA GASIFICATION
    • FIGURE 11: PLASMA GAS VITRIFICATION PROCESS
    • TABLE 34: COMPARISON OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE-TO-ENERGY PROCESSES FOR ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION
  • ADVANTAGES OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GASIFICATION
  • GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION
    • TABLE 35: POUNDS OF CO2 PER MWH BY FUEL SOURCE
  • CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
  • DISADVANTAGES OF GASIFICATION
  • LANDFILL GAS (LFG)
    • TABLE 36: EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM A 1 MW LANDFILL GAS-TO-ENERGY PROJECT
  • TECHNOLOGY BENEFITS AND HURDLES OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY
  • CONSIDERATIONS FOR WTE IMPLEMENTATION
  • MATERIAL RECOVERY
  • TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES
  • ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
  • WASTE AS A RESOURCE
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
  • AIR EMISSIONS
    • TABLE 37: MSWTE POLLUTION CONTROLS
  • WATER RESOURCES
  • SOLID WASTE GENERATION
  • LAND RESOURCE USE
  • PERMITTING ISSUES FOR MASS BURN FACILITIES

5. GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS

  • ECONOMIC MECHANISMS FOR SUPPORTING RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • RENEWABLE ENERGY CREDITS (RECS)
  • CARBON CREDITS
  • THE CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM FOR LANDFILL GAS RECOVERY
  • LAWS AND REGULATIONS REGARDING RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • ACTIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ELSEWHERE
  • UNITED STATES LAWS AND REGULATIONS
  • FEDERAL LEGISLATION
  • PERMITTING ISSUES
  • PERMITTING ISSUES FOR LANDFILL GAS RECOVERY
  • PERMITTING ISSUES FOR MASS BURN/COMBUSTION FACILITIES
  • PERMITTING ISSUES FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL COMBUSTION FACILITIES
  • PERMITTING ISSUES FOR PYROLYSIS/THERMAL GASIFICATION
  • ELECTRICAL SYSTEM INTERCONNECTION ISSUES
  • STATE REGULATIONS
  • STATE RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS (RPS)
  • FLORIDA DEPT. OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WHITE PAPER ON PLASMA ARC
  • INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS: CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM AND WASTE-TO-ENERGY
  • EUROPEAN REGULATIONS

6. WORLD MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • TABLE 38: LEADING MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES
  • TABLE 39: DISTRIBUTION OF TOP MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY
  • COMPANIES BY REGION
    • TABLE 40: DISTRIBUTION OF MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY
  • COMPANIES BY REGION
    • TABLE 41: NORTH AMERICAN MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES
    • TABLE 42: EUROPEAN MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES
    • TABLE 43: ASIAN MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES
    • TABLE 44: OCEANIA MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES
  • MARKET DRIVERS
    • TABLE 45: 2009 TOTAL U.S. MUNICIPAL WASTE BY MATERIAL

7. WORLD MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES MARKET

  • EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 46: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 47: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • ASIA AND OCEANIA MARKETS FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 48: ASIAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 49: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 50: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 51: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 52: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • AFRICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 55: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 54: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 55: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021

8. MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY

  • TABLE 56: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY
  • COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 57: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY
    • TABLE 58: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY
  • ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 59: ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 60: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 61: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 62: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 63: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY
  • AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 64: NORTH AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 65: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 66: MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 67: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 68: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 69: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 70 ASIAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 71: OCEANIAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 72 SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 73: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 74: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 75: NORTH AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 76: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 77: MIDDLE EASTERN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021

9. WORLD MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL TECHNOLOGY

  • TABLE 78: GLOBAL MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • EUROPEAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 79: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 80: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • ASIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 81: ASIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 82: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 83: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 84: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 85: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • AFRICAN DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 86: NORTH AFRICAN DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 87: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 88: MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021

10. WORLD MARKET FOR PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY

  • TABLE 89: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 90: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 91: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 92: ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 93: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 94: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA
  • GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 95: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 96: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY
  • AFRICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 97: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 98: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 99: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MWTE FROM PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021
  • WORLD MARKET FOR PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY
    • TABLE 100: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021
  • EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 101: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS
  • GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 102: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • ASIAN AND OCEANIAN MARKETS FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 103: ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 104: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 105: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 106: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 107: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY
  • AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 108: NORTH AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS
  • GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021
    • TABLE 109: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY
  • MIDDLE EASTERN DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 110: MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021

11. NEW DEVELOPMENTS

  • WASTE TO ENERGY
  • DRY ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION OF ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WITH PAPERBOARD MILL SLUDGE AND GELATIN SOLID WASTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF THERMAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES: REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • ASSESSMENT OF WASTE DERIVED GASES AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • BIOELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE LIQUOR IN MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS FOR ENERGY VALORIZATION
  • PROCESSING AND PROPERTIES OF A SOLID ENERGY FUEL FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) AND RECYCLED PLASTICS
  • EXTRACTION OF MEDIUM CHAIN FATTY ACIDS FROM ORGANIC MUNICIPAL WASTE AND SUBSEQUENT PRODUCTION OF BIO-BASED FUELS
  • HYDROGEN-RICH GAS PRODUCTION BY THE GASIFICATION OF \WET MSW (MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE) COUPLED WITH CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE
  • EXTRACTION OF SOLUBLE SUBSTANCES FROM ORGANIC SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE TO INCREASE METHANE PRODUCTION
  • POTENTIAL OF BIOHYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (OFMSW) USING PILOT-SCALE DRY ANAEROBIC REACTOR
  • A REVIEW OF TECHNOLOGIES AND PERFORMANCES OF THERMAL TREATMENT SYSTEMS FOR ENERGY RECOVERY FROM WASTE
  • WASTE TO ENERGY: EXPLOITATION OF BIOGAS FROM ORGANIC WASTE IN A 500 WEL SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL (SOFC) STACK
  • TECHNOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN CONVERSION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE TO ENERGY
  • ENERGY PRODUCTION THROUGH ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE-A MULTIPLE REGRESSION MODELING APPROACH
  • CO-DIGESTION OF MUNICIPAL SLUDGE AND EXTERNAL ORGANIC WASTES FOR ENHANCED BIOGAS PRODUCTION UNDER REALISTIC PLANT CONSTRAINTS
  • PLASMA GASIFICATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
  • ADVANCED SOLUTIONS IN COMBUSTION-BASED WTE TECHNOLOGIES
  • REPOWERING EXI WITH GAS TURBINES

12. PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS

  • TABLE 111: SAMPLE OF CURRENT U.S. PATENT GENERATION TRENDS IN WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY BY YEAR
  • TABLE 112: U.S. PATENTS IN WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 113: U.S. PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015
  • SAMPLE OF U.S. PATENT ABSTRACTS
  • BATCH WASTE GASIFICATION PROCESS
  • PRODUCING LIQUID FUEL FROM ORGANIC MATERIAL SUCH AS BIOMASS AND WASTE RESIDUES
  • PROCESSING BIOMASS AND PETROLEUM CONTAINING MATERIALS
  • PLASMA-ASSISTED WASTE GASIFICATION SYSTEM
  • PLASMA ASSISTED GASIFICATION SYSTEM WITH AN INDIRECT VACUUM SYSTEM
  • APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONVERSION OF SOLID WASTE INTO SYNTHETIC OIL, GAS, AND FERTILIZER
  • METHODS OF PRODUCING LIQUID HYDROCARBON FUELS FROM SOLID PLASTIC WASTES
  • PROCESSING BIOMASS
  • PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING ENGINEERED FUEL
  • PHOTONIC RADIOLYSIS OF WASTE MATERIALS
  • MECHANIZED SEPARATION AND RECOVERY SYSTEM FOR SOLID WASTE
  • PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIO-OIL FROM SOLID URBAN WASTE
  • METHOD FOR CONVERTING BIOMASS TO METHANE
  • U.S. REGISTERED PATENTS
    • TABLE 114: SAMPLE OF LATEST U.S. WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PATENTS, 2013-2015

13. COMPAMY PROFILES

  • AALBORG ENERGIE TECHNIK A/S
  • ADI SYSTEMS INC.
  • AEROTHERMAL GROUP
  • WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORPORATION
  • WMT-LBS GMBH
  • ZERO WASTE ENERGY, LLC (ZWE)