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市場調查報告書
商品編碼
991604

雲端訪問量子電腦的機會:2021-2026

Opportunities for Cloud Access to Quantum Computers: 2021-2026

出版日期: | 出版商: Inside Quantum Technology | 英文 49 Pages | 訂單完成後即時交付

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

目前,大多數量子電腦用戶都通過雲端訪問量子電腦。這已經為各家公司提供了許多市場機會。如果您是雲端提供商,您可以通過專門設計和品牌化的產品和服務開拓新市場。對於量子電腦公司而言,雲端作為訪問選項的存在為客戶提供了一條成熟的路徑,並提供了與對各方都有利的雲端提供商進行交易的機會。

隨著量子計算業務的增長,來自雲端訪問的收入將繼續增長。然而,有兩個重要因素將塑造未來的量子雲端機會。一方面,已經有跡象表明量子電腦的價格將在未來幾年開始下降,至少對於大型終端用戶來說會變得更實惠。客戶家庭(內部)電腦不需要雲端訪問。接下來是今天的經典雲端接入如何融入傳輸量子比特的量子互聯網的問題。

在本報告中,我們分析了全球量子電腦市場雲端技術使用趨勢的前景,分析了量子雲端技術進步場景——尤其是速度提升和延遲改進的可能性——以及量子雲端品牌化策略。我們將提供向您提供公司發展方向、主要終端用戶雲端提供商概況(主要產品/服務、市場准入戰略發展狀況等)等信息。

目錄

第 1 章介紹

  • 本報告的背景
    • 量子雲端供應商
    • 模擬器和模擬器
    • 用於量子訪問的量子雲端
  • 雲端接入與客戶家用量子電腦競爭的可能性
  • 量子雲端和量子互聯網
  • 本報告的目標和範圍
  • 本報告分析方法
  • 計劃此報告

第 2 章量子雲端技術與經濟

  • 雲端計算和量子雲端計算
    • 量子雲端之路
    • 量子和雲端:NIST 定義
    • 量子雲端的優勢
  • 量子雲端增值服務
  • 量子雲端定價策略
    • 免費服務
    • 現收現付服務
    • 每個操作的定價策略
    • 其他可行的定價策略
  • 雲端替代方案
    • 雲端和客戶家用電腦
  • 量子雲端安全問題
    • 量子和雲端安全
    • 增加雲端加密漏洞
    • 雲端安全聯盟:量子安全安全工作組
    • 使用量子技術支持雲端的產品示例
  • 過渡到量子雲端和量子互聯網
  • 結論

第 3 章量子雲端:終端用戶市場

  • Quantum 雲當前和未來的客戶
  • 金融服務領域的量子雲端
    • Fidelity/Amazon Braket
  • 航空航天與國防
    • Boeing
    • Airbus
  • 材料科學/製藥
    • Menten AI
    • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
    • Dow Chemical
  • 能源公用事業
    • ExxonMobil
    • General Atomics
    • Dubai Electricity and Water Authority
  • 汽車和地面運輸機械
    • Daimler/Mercedes-Benz
    • Volkswagen AG
    • Toyota□DENSO
  • 醫療保健
    • Case Western Reserve
  • 批發/零售
    • Save-On-Foods

第 4 章量子雲端供應商戰略

  • Alibaba(中國)
  • Amazon(美國)
  • Baidu(中國)
  • D-Wave(加拿大)
  • Google(美國)
  • Honeywell(美國)
  • IBM(美國)
  • IonQ(美國)
  • Microsoft(美國)
  • QCWare(美國)
  • QuTech(荷蘭)
  • Rigetti(美國)
  • Strangeworks(美國)
  • Xanadu(美國)
  • Zapata Computing(美國)

關於分析師

  • 本報告中使用的首字母縮略詞
目錄
Product Code: IQT-CAQC-0621

The majority of quantum computer users currently access the quantum computer through a cloud. This has already created a number of opportunities for players in the market. For cloud providers themselves quantum computers present a new market to attack with specially designed and branded offerings. For quantum computer firms themselves the presence of clouds as an access option means that there is a mature pathway to customers and the opportunity to do deals with cloud providers that is profitable for all parties.

The revenue from cloud access will increase as the quantum computing business grows in the next few years. However, there are important factors that will shape the opportunity for quantum clouds going forward. For one thing, there is already signs that prices of quantum computers will begin to drop in the next few years to become more affordable to at least large end users: customer premises computers do not need cloud access. Then there is the question of how today's classical cloud access will merge into a qubit-transporting quantum Internet.

In this report, we examine the scenarios for evolution of quantum clouds including what users have to expect from them in terms of speeds and latency. We also analyze in some depth how we expect quantum clouds to be branded. The report also includes detailed forecasts of cloud access revenues with breakouts by end user and type of cloud provider. Finally, this report discusses access strategies for the leading quantum computer makers and the direction in which they are headed.

The forecasts for this report are provided in a separate Excel sheet so the report reader can construct alternative scenarios for quantum clouds.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to this Report
    • 1.1.1 Quantum Cloud Suppliers
    • 1.1.2 Simulators and Emulators
    • 1.1.3 Quantum Clouds for Quantum Access
  • 1.2 Will Cloud Access Compete with Premises Quantum Computers?
  • 1.3 Quantum Clouds and Quantum Internets
  • 1.4 Goals and Scope of this Report
  • 1.5 Methodology of this Report
  • 1.6 Plan of this Report

Chapter Two: Quantum Cloud Technologies and Economics

  • 2.1 Cloud Computing and Quantum Cloud Computing
    • 2.1.1 The Path to the Quantum Cloud
    • 2.1.2 Quantum and the NIST Definition of Clouds
    • 2.1.3 Advantages of Quantum Clouds
  • 2.2 Value Added Services for Quantum Clouds
  • 2.3 Pricing Strategies for Quantum Clouds
    • 2.3.1 Free Service
    • 2.3.2 Pay-as-you-go
    • 2.3.3 Per Operation Pricing Strategies
    • 2.3.4 Other Possible Pricing Strategies
  • 2.4 The Alternatives to Clouds
    • 2.4.1 Clouds vs. Premises Computers
  • 2.5 Security Issues in Quantum Clouds
    • 2.5.1 Quantum and Cloud Security
    • 2.5.2 Growing Vulnerability of Cloud Encryption
    • 2.5.3 Cloud Security Alliance: The Quantum Safe Security Working Group
    • 2.5.4 Examples of Products that Address Clouds with Quantum Technology
  • 2.6 Quantum Clouds and the Transition to the Quantum Internet
  • 2.7 Key Points Made in this Chapter

Chapter Three: Quantum Clouds: End-User Markets

  • 3.1 Current and Future Customers for Quantum Clouds
  • 3.2 Quantum Clouds in Financial Services
    • 3.2.1 Fidelity and Amazon Braket
  • 3.3 Aerospace and Defense
    • 3.3.1 Boeing
    • 3.3.2 Airbus
  • 3.4 Materials Science and Pharma
    • 3.4.1 Menten AI
    • 3.4.2 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
    • 3.4.3 Dow Chemical
  • 3.5 Energy and Utilities
    • 3.5.1 ExxonMobil
    • 3.5.2 General Atomics
    • 3.5.3 Dubai Electricity and Water Authority
  • 3.6 Automotive and Ground Transport
    • 3.6.1 Daimler/Mercedes-Benz
    • 3.6.2 Volkswagen AG
    • 3.6.3 Toyota and DENSO
  • 3.7 Healthcare
    • 3.7.1 Case Western Reserve
  • 3.8 Wholesale and Retail
    • 3.8.1 Save-On-Foods

Chapter Four: Quantum Cloud Supplier Strategies

  • 4.1 Alibaba (China)
    • 4.1.1 Alibaba Cloud Quantum Development (ACQDP)
    • 4.1.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Alibaba
  • 4.2 Amazon (United States)
    • 4.2.1 Quantum Computer Services
    • 4.2.2 Simulators
    • 4.2.3 Early-Stage Customers
    • 4.2.4 Pricing
    • 4.2.5 AWS Center for Quantum Computing and Quantum Solutions Lab
    • 4.2.6 IQT Research's Perspective on Amazon
  • 4.3 Baidu (China)
    • 4.3.1 Quantum Leaf
    • 4.3.2 Quanlse
    • 4.3.3 IQT Research's Perspective on Baidu
  • 4.4 D-Wave (Canada)
    • 4.4.1 LEAP
    • 4.4.2 IQT Research's Perspective on D-Wave
  • 4.5 Google (United States)
    • 4.5.1 The Google Quantum AI Campus
    • 4.5.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Google
  • 4.6 Honeywell (United States)
    • 4.6.1 Honeywell and Quantum Clouds
    • 4.6.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Honeywell
  • 4.7 IBM United States)
    • 4.7.1 A Note on Qiskit Runtime
    • 4.7.2 IBM's Quantum Network
    • 4.7.3 IBM's Roadmap
    • 4.7.4 IQT Research's Perspective on IBM
  • 4.8 IonQ (United States)
    • 4.8.1 Cloud Access
    • 4.8.2 IonQ's Roadmap and Algorithmic Qubits
    • 4.8.3 IQT Research's Perspective on IonQ
  • 4.9 Microsoft (United States)
    • 4.9.1 Current Users of Azure Quantum
    • 4.9.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Microsoft
  • 4.10 QCWare (United States)
    • 4.10.1 Forge
    • 4.10.2 IQT Research's Perspective on QC Ware
  • 4.11 QuTech (The Netherlands)
    • 4.11.1 Quantum Inspire
    • 4.11.2 IQT Research's Perspective on QuTech
  • 4.12 Rigetti (United States)
    • 4.12.1 Rigetti Quantum Cloud Services (QCS)
    • 4.12.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Rigetti
  • 4.13 Strangeworks (United States)
    • 4.13.1 Integration with IBM Cloud Services
    • 4.13.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Strangeworks
  • 4.14 Xanadu (United States)
    • 4.14.1 Xanadu Quantum Cloud
    • 4.14.2 IQT Research's Perspective on Xanadu
  • 4.15 Zapata Computing (United States)

About the Analyst

  • Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1-1: Quantum Cloud Providers
  • Exhibit 2-1: Selected QC Technologies and Vendors that have Adopted Them
  • Exhibit 2-2: Access Alternatives in the Quantum Computing Environment