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後量子密碼 (PQC):10年的市場預測、技術預測

Post-Quantum Cryptography: A Ten-Year Market and Technology Forecast

出版商 Inside Quantum Technology 商品編碼 753485
出版日期 內容資訊 英文
後量子密碼 (PQC):10年的市場預測、技術預測 Post-Quantum Cryptography: A Ten-Year Market and Technology Forecast
出版日期: 2019年01月08日內容資訊: 英文

本報告提供後量子密碼 (PQC) 市場相關調查,特別指定著市場機會,各各市場區隔的十年市場預測,今後10年的PQC技術/市場藍圖,各團體製作的新POC標準分析,主要企業的策略簡介等。


第1章 簡介

第2章 後量子密碼 (PQC) 技術、產品

  • 根據量子電腦製作的現有公鑰加密的安全漏洞
  • 由於NIST的後量子演算法的分類
  • 後量子加密:新的產品、服務

第3章 後量子密碼市場

  • 可能存在風險的資料種類
  • 後量子密碼的一般預測相關討論事項
  • 民間政府 (警察,大使館,國內治安)
  • 軍隊,諜報機關及國內治安機關
  • 金融機關
  • 通訊供應商
  • 資料儲存、災害復原
  • 醫療保健、醫療記錄
  • 一般商務的利用
  • 消費者的利用
  • 本章的要點

第4章 目前的後量子密碼企業及其他組織

  • Isara
  • Envieta Systems LLC
  • Post Quantum (PQ Solutions)
  • evolutionQ
  • Cambridge Quantum Computing
  • Infineon Technologies
  • Rambus Security Division
  • IBM Research
  • Microsoft Research
  • Google Research
  • OnBoard Security
  • Thales Communications and Security
  • Post-Quantum Advanced Technologies (PQAT)

第5章 其他組織

  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • SafeCrypto
  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
  • National Security Agency (NSA)
  • Cloud Security Alliance (CSA
  • ISO
  • European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
  • ANSI Accredited Standards Committee X9
  • Open Quantum Safe



Product Code: IQT-PQT-1119

The market for post-quantum cryptography (PQC) already generates revenue and will expand as quantum computers capable of breaking common public key encryption schemes with Shor's algorithm become more widely deployed. For now, post-quantum cryptography finds its market in critical long-lived data such as plans for aircraft and medical databases that need to survive well into the era of powerful quantum computers. Some IT managers are already aware of the quantum threat and are applying PQC selectively using interim standards and technologies. Many more individuals with purchasing authority are expected to buy into PQC over the next five years as they come to understand quantum threats and quantum computer era gets closer. The addressable market for PQC is can be measured in the billions of units - encryption is hidden everywhere in both hardware and software - and adoption will also accelerate as PQC algorithms are finalized in the NIST selection process.

This report identifies the PQC opportunities that will emerge in how the market roadmap for PQC will evolve over the coming decade. Coverage of this report includes:

  • Ten-year forecasts of the PQC market with breakouts by government, military and intelligence services, telecommunications, financial services, healthcare/medical records, general business applications, disaster recovery, and consumer Web browsers.
  • A technology/market roadmap for PQC over the coming decade. This roadmap examines the commercial potential for embedding PQC into a growing number of product types including firmware (digital signatures), IoT devices, web browsers, credit cards, cryptocurrencies and, of course, databases.
  • Analysis of the new PQC standards emerging from NIST, the IETF and a slew of other influencers such as ETSI, the Cloud Security Alliance and ITU-T. The report discusses how these standards will help shape the PQC market along with key standards-related issues such as the potential for pure post-quantum cryptography vs. hybrid classical/quantum approaches and PQC vs. quantum physics-based Quantum Key Distribution (QKD).
  • Strategic profiles of leading commercial firms active in the PQC space. These profiles include giants such as Infineon, IBM, Google and Microsoft, along with interesting startups such as Isara. These profiles are designed to provide the reader of this report with an understanding on how the major players are creating PQC products and building marketing strategies for PQC as quantum computers become more ubiquitous.

Inside Quantum Technology compiled this research report based on interviews with firms active in the PQC and related markets. The report is also based on our ongoing research in the quantum technology business. We believe this report will become required reading for marketing and business executives as well as product managers in the encryption and computing sectors as well as managers in IT-related industries more generally. In addition, this report will provide guidance to the growing number of investors that are taking an interest in the quantum technology space.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

  • E.1 Post-quantum cryptography - Future requirements for the entire digital infrastructure
  • E.2 Uses of public key cryptography
  • E.3 Revenue opportunities for post-quantum cryptography
  • E.4 Standardization activities
  • E.5 Seven firms to watch in the post-quantum cryptography space

Chapter One: Introduction

  • Background to this report
  • Quantum security threats: The bottom line
  • A PQC adoption timetable
  • 1.2 Goals and scope of this report
  • 1.3 Methodology of this report
  • 1.4 Plan of this report

Chapter Two: Post-Quantum Encryption Technology and Products

  • 2.1 Security vulnerabilities for existing public key encryption created by quantum computers
    • 2.1.1 Role of Shor's algorithm
    • 2.1.2 When will a solution be needed? A timetable for the quantum computer threat
    • 2.1.3 Time required to implement a new infrastructure
    • 2.1.4 Post-quantum encryption vs. quantum key distribution (QKD)
    • 2.1.5 Related vulnerabilities for symmetric cryptographic algorithms and hash functions
  • 2.2 Classification of post-quantum algorithms by NIST
    • 2.2.1 Lattice based cryptography
    • 2.2.2 Code based cryptography
    • 2.2.3 Multivariate polynomial based cryptographyl
    • 2.2.4 Hash-based cryptography
    • 2.2.5 Other cryptographic schemes
    • 2.2.6 Stateful hash-based signature schemes being proposed by the IETF
    • 2.2.7 Hybrid classical/quantum algorithms
  • 2.3 Post-quantum encryption - Emerging products and services
    • 2.3.1 Embedded systems
    • 2.3.2 Special purpose post quantum software
    • 2.3.3 Incorporated into standard internet browsers
    • 2.3.4 Chip level solutions for post quantum encryption
    • 2.3.5 IT services
    • 2.3.6 Ten year forecast of post quantum encryption revenue by application segment
    • 2.3.7 Key points from this chapter

Chapter Three: Markets for Post-Quantum Encryption

  • 3.1 Data types that could be at risk
    • 3.1.1 Data value versus data shelf life
    • 3.1.2 Data types at risk
    • 3 1.3 Will IT managers be proactive about protecting their data against quantum attacks?
  • 3.2 General forecasting considerations for post-quantum cryptography
    • 3.2.1 Ten-year forecast of overall penetration by post-quantum cryptography
    • 3.2.2 Indirect versus direct revenue considerations
  • 3.3 Civil government (police, embassies, domestic security)
    • 3.3.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.4 Military, intelligence services and domestic security agencies
    • 3.4.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.5 Financial institutions
    • 3.5.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.6 Telecommunications providers
    • 3.6.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.7 Data storage and disaster recovery
    • 3.7.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.8 Healthcare and medical records
    • 3.8.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.9 General business usage
    • 3.9.1 Market potential for post-quantum cryptography
  • 3.10 Consumer usage
    • 3.10.1 Market potential for post quantum cryptography
  • 3.11 Key points from this chapter

Chapter Four: Current Post-Quantum Encryption Companies and Other Organizations

  • 4.1 Isara
  • 4.2 Envieta Systems LLC
  • 4.3 Post Quantum (PQ Solutions)
  • 4.4 evolutionQ
  • 4.5 Cambridge Quantum Computing
  • 4.6 Infineon Technologies
  • 4.7 Rambus Security Division
  • 4.8 IBM Research
  • 4.9 Microsoft Research
  • 4.10 Google Research
  • 4.11 OnBoard Security
  • 4.12 Thales Communications and Security
  • 4.13 Post-Quantum Advanced Technologies (PQAT)

Chapter Five: Other Organizations

  • 5.1 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
    • 5.1.1 Post quantum encryption selection at NIST
    • 5.1.2 Classes of algorithm
  • 5.2 SafeCrypto
  • 5.3 Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
    • 5.3.1 IETF work related to PQC
  • 5.4 National Security Agency (NSA)
    • 5.4.1 NSA work related to PQC
  • 5.5 Cloud Security Alliance (CSA)
    • 5.5.1 Quantum safe security working group
  • 5.6 ISO
    • 5.6.1 SC27 WG2
  • 5.7 European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
  • 5.8 PQCRYPTO
    • 5.8.1 Collaboration with NIST
  • 5.9 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • 5.10 International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
  • 5.11 ANSI Accredited Standards Committee X9
  • 5.12 Open Quantum Safe

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