NEWS: 公告在東京證券交易所JASDAQ標準市場新上市

表紙
市場調查報告書

可攜式氧氣濃縮機市場:全球產業趨勢,佔有率,規模,成長,機會,預測(2020∼2025年)

Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2020-2025

出版商 IMARC Services Private Limited 商品編碼 975964
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 143 Pages
商品交期: 2-3個工作天內
價格
可攜式氧氣濃縮機市場:全球產業趨勢,佔有率,規模,成長,機會,預測(2020∼2025年) Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2020-2025
出版日期: 2020年12月05日內容資訊: 英文 143 Pages
簡介

從2014年到2019年,全球便攜式製氧機市場的複合年增長率約為8%。呼吸系統疾病如睡眠呼吸和哮喘的患病率上升是市場增長的主要驅動力之一。另外,易患這些疾病的老年人口不斷增長,對便捷便攜式設備的需求不斷增長,將推動市場增長。與此同時,冠狀病毒(COVID-19)繼續在全球蔓延,大大增加了醫療中心對POC的需求。現有的哮喘,慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)和其他肺部疾病患者需要使用這些設備保持足夠的氧氣水平。再加上各種產品創新,例如具有更長電池壽命的變體的開發以及膜技術的小型化,也為市場增長做出了貢獻。隨著廣泛的研發活動,諸如改善醫療基礎設施等因素有望進一步推動市場。未來,預計未來五年全球便攜式製氧機市場將呈現強勁增長。

本報告提供可攜式氧氣濃縮機市場相關調查,提供市場概要,以及科技,各用途,各終端用戶,各地區的趨勢,及加入此市場的主要企業的簡介等。

目錄

第1章 序文

第2章 範圍與調查手法

第3章 摘要整理

第4章 簡介

第5章 全球可攜式氧氣濃縮機市場

  • 市場概要
  • 市場效能
  • COVID-19的影響

第6章 市場區隔,各科技

  • 連續流通量
  • 脈衝流通量

第7章 市場區隔,各用途

  • 慢性阻塞性肺病(COPD)
  • 氣喘
  • 呼吸窘迫症候群
  • 睡眠呼吸中止症
  • 其他

第8章 市場區隔,各終端用戶

  • 醫院
  • 門診病人手術中心
  • 其他

第9章 市場區隔,各地區

  • 北美
    • 美國
    • 加拿大
  • 亞太地區
    • 中國
    • 日本
    • 印度
    • 韓國
    • 澳洲
    • 印尼
    • 其他
  • 歐洲
    • 德國
    • 法國
    • 英國
    • 義大利
    • 西班牙
    • 俄羅斯
    • 其他
  • 南美
    • 巴西
    • 墨西哥
    • 其他
  • 中東和非洲
    • 市場區隔,各國

第10章 SWOT分析

第11章 價值鏈分析

第12章 波特五力分析

第13章 價格分析

第14章 競爭情形

  • 市場結構
  • 主要參與者
  • 主要參與者的簡介
    • Caire Inc. (NGK Spark Plug Co. Ltd.)
    • Chart Industries Inc.
    • Drive Devilbiss Healthcare Limited (Drive International LLC)
    • Inogen Inc.
    • Invacare Corporation
    • Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    • Nidek Medical India Pvt. Ltd.
    • O2 Concepts LLC
    • Precision Medical Inc. (BioHorizons Inc.)
    • Resmed Inc.
    • Teijin Limited
目錄
Product Code: SR1019O55_Report

The global portable oxygen concentrators market grew at a CAGR of around 8% during 2014-2019. A portable oxygen concentrator (POC) refers to a medical device used for supplying oxygen to patients suffering from respiratory diseases. The device separates nitrogen and oxygen from the air in the environment and provides pure oxygen to the patient. There are two delivery modes in POCs, pulse dose and continuous flow, and consists of a plug-in power source, a knob to adjust the flow rate, an alarm indicator and an oxygen outlet for nasal cannula. In comparison to the traditionally used stationary concentrators, modern POCs are more compact, offer the ease of mobility and can be used by mountaineers and trekkers in regions with limited oxygen.

The increasing prevalence of respiratory disorders, such as sleep apnea and asthma, represents one of the key factors driving the growth of the market. Furthermore, the rising geriatric population, which is susceptible to such ailments and the growing demand for convenient portable devices, is providing a thrust to the market. In line with this, as the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic continues to spread across the globe, there has been a significant increase in the demand for POCs in healthcare centers. Patients with pre-existing asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other lung problems require these devices to maintain an adequate concentration of oxygen. Additionally, various product innovations, such as the development of variants with improved battery life and miniaturized membrane technologies, are also contributing to the market growth. Other factors, including improvements in the healthcare infrastructure, along with extensive research and development (R&D) activities, are anticipated to drive the market further. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the global portable oxygen concentrators market to exhibit strong growth during the next five years.

Key Market Segmentation:

  • IMARC Group provides an analysis of the key trends in each sub-segment of the global portable oxygen concentrators market report, along with forecasts for growth at the global, regional and country level from 2020-2025. Our report has categorized the market based on region, technology, application and end user.

Breakup by Technology:

  • Continuous Flow
  • Pulse Flow

Breakup by Application:

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Asthma
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Others

Breakup by End User:

  • Hospitals
  • Ambulatory Surgery Centers
  • Others

Breakup by Region:

  • North America
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • South Korea
  • Australia
  • Indonesia
  • Others
  • Europe
  • Germany
  • France
  • United Kingdom
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Russia
  • Others
  • Latin America
  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • Others
  • Middle East and Africa

Competitive Landscape:

  • The report has also analysed the competitive landscape of the market with some of the key players being Caire Inc. (NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd), Chart Industries Inc., Drive Devilbiss Healthcare Limited (Drive International LLC), Inogen Inc., Invacare Corporation, Koninklijke Philips N.V., Nidek Medical India Pvt Ltd, O2 Concepts LLC, Precision Medical Inc. (BioHorizons Inc.), Resmed Inc. and Teijin Limited.

Key Questions Answered in This Report:

  • How has the global portable oxygen concentrators market performed so far and how will it perform in the coming years?
  • What has been the impact of COVID-19 on the global portable oxygen concentrators market?
  • What are the key regional markets?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the technology?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the application?
  • What is the breakup of the market based on the end user?
  • What are the various stages in the value chain of the industry?
  • What are the key driving factors and challenges in the industry?
  • What is the structure of the global portable oxygen concentrators market and who are the key players?
  • What is the degree of competition in the industry?

Table of Contents

1 Preface

2 Scope and Methodology

  • 2.1 Objectives of the Study
  • 2.2 Stakeholders
  • 2.3 Data Sources
    • 2.3.1 Primary Sources
    • 2.3.2 Secondary Sources
  • 2.4 Market Estimation
    • 2.4.1 Bottom-Up Approach
    • 2.4.2 Top-Down Approach
  • 2.5 Forecasting Methodology

3 Executive Summary

4 Introduction

  • 4.1 Overview
  • 4.2 Key Industry Trends

5 Global Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market

  • 5.1 Market Overview
  • 5.2 Market Performance
  • 5.3 Impact of COVID-19
  • 5.4 Market Forecast

6 Market Breakup by Technology

  • 6.1 Continuous Flow
    • 6.1.1 Market Trends
    • 6.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.2 Pulse Flow
    • 6.2.1 Market Trends
    • 6.2.2 Market Forecast

7 Market Breakup by Application

  • 7.1 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    • 7.1.1 Market Trends
    • 7.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.2 Asthma
    • 7.2.1 Market Trends
    • 7.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.3 Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    • 7.3.1 Market Trends
    • 7.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.4 Sleep Apnea
    • 7.4.1 Market Trends
    • 7.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.5 Others
    • 7.5.1 Market Trends
    • 7.5.2 Market Forecast

8 Market Breakup by End User

  • 8.1 Hospitals
    • 8.1.1 Market Trends
    • 8.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.2 Ambulatory Surgery Centers
    • 8.2.1 Market Trends
    • 8.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.3 Others
    • 8.3.1 Market Trends
    • 8.3.2 Market Forecast

9 Market Breakup by Region

  • 9.1 North America
    • 9.1.1 United States
      • 9.1.1.1 Market Trends
      • 9.1.1.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.1.2 Canada
      • 9.1.2.1 Market Trends
      • 9.1.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.2 Asia Pacific
    • 9.2.1 China
      • 9.2.1.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.1.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.2.2 Japan
      • 9.2.2.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.2.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.2.3 India
      • 9.2.3.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.3.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.2.4 South Korea
      • 9.2.4.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.4.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.2.5 Australia
      • 9.2.5.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.5.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.2.6 Indonesia
      • 9.2.6.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.6.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.2.7 Others
      • 9.2.7.1 Market Trends
      • 9.2.7.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.3 Europe
    • 9.3.1 Germany
      • 9.3.1.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.1.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.3.2 France
      • 9.3.2.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.2.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.3.3 United Kingdom
      • 9.3.3.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.3.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.3.4 Italy
      • 9.3.4.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.4.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.3.5 Spain
      • 9.3.5.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.5.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.3.6 Russia
      • 9.3.6.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.6.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.3.7 Others
      • 9.3.7.1 Market Trends
      • 9.3.7.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.4 Latin America
    • 9.4.1 Brazil
      • 9.4.1.1 Market Trends
      • 9.4.1.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.4.2 Mexico
      • 9.4.2.1 Market Trends
      • 9.4.2.2 Market Forecast
    • 9.4.3 Others
      • 9.4.3.1 Market Trends
      • 9.4.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.5 Middle East and Africa
    • 9.5.1 Market Trends
    • 9.5.2 Market Breakup by Country
    • 9.5.3 Market Forecast

10 SWOT Analysis

  • 10.1 Overview
  • 10.2 Strengths
  • 10.3 Weaknesses
  • 10.4 Opportunities
  • 10.5 Threats

11 Value Chain Analysis

12 Porters Five Forces Analysis

  • 12.1 Overview
  • 12.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
  • 12.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
  • 12.4 Degree of Competition
  • 12.5 Threat of New Entrants
  • 12.6 Threat of Substitutes

13 Price Analysis

14 Competitive Landscape

  • 14.1 Market Structure
  • 14.2 Key Players
  • 14.3 Profiles of Key Players
    • 14.3.1 Caire Inc. (NGK Spark Plug Co. Ltd.)
      • 14.3.1.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.1.2 Product Portfolio
    • 14.3.2 Chart Industries Inc.
      • 14.3.2.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.2.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.2.3 Financials
    • 14.3.3 Drive Devilbiss Healthcare Limited (Drive International LLC)
      • 14.3.3.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.3.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.3.3 Financials
    • 14.3.4 Inogen Inc.
      • 14.3.4.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.4.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.4.3 Financials
    • 14.3.5 Invacare Corporation
      • 14.3.5.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.5.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.5.3 Financials
      • 14.3.5.4 SWOT Analysis
    • 14.3.6 Koninklijke Philips N.V.
      • 14.3.6.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.6.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.6.3 Financials
      • 14.3.6.4 SWOT Analysis
    • 14.3.7 Nidek Medical India Pvt. Ltd.
      • 14.3.7.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.7.2 Product Portfolio
    • 14.3.8 O2 Concepts LLC
      • 14.3.8.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.8.2 Product Portfolio
    • 14.3.9 Precision Medical Inc. (BioHorizons Inc.)
      • 14.3.9.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.9.2 Product Portfolio
    • 14.3.10 Resmed Inc.
      • 14.3.10.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.10.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.10.3 Financials
      • 14.3.10.4 SWOT Analysis
    • 14.3.11 Teijin Limited
      • 14.3.11.1 Company Overview
      • 14.3.11.2 Product Portfolio
      • 14.3.11.3 Financials
      • 14.3.11.4 SWOT Analysis

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Major Drivers and Challenges
  • Figure 2: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2014-2019
  • Figure 3: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Breakup by Technology (in %), 2019
  • Figure 4: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Breakup by Application (in %), 2019
  • Figure 5: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Breakup by End User (in %), 2019
  • Figure 6: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2019
  • Figure 7: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Billion US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 8: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Continuous Flow) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 9: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Continuous Flow) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 10: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Pulse Flow) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019

Figure 11 Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Pulse Flow) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025

  • Figure 12: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 13: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 14: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Asthma) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 15: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Asthma) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 16: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 17: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 18: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Sleep Apnea) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 19: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Sleep Apnea) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 20: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Other Applications) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 21: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Other Applications) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 22: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Hospitals) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 23: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Hospitals) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 24: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Ambulatory Surgery Centers) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 25: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Ambulatory Surgery Centers) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 26: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Other End Users) Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 27: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators (Other End Users) Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 28: North America: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 29: North America: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 30: United States: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 31: United States: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 32: Canada: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 33: Canada: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 34: Asia Pacific: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 35: Asia Pacific: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 36: China: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 37: China: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 38: Japan: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 39: Japan: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 40: India: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 41: India: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 42: South Korea: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 43: South Korea: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 44: Australia: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 45: Australia: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 46: Indonesia: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 47: Indonesia: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 48: Others: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 48: Others: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 50: Europe: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 51: Europe: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 52: Germany: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 53: Germany: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 54: France: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 55: France: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 56: United Kingdom: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 57: United Kingdom: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 58: Italy: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 59: Italy: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 60: Spain: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 61: Spain: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 62: Russia: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 63: Russia: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 64: Others: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 65: Others: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 66: Latin America: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 67: Latin America: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 68: Brazil: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 69: Brazil: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 70: Mexico: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 71: Mexico: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 72: Others: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 73: Others: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 74: Middle East and Africa: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2014 & 2019
  • Figure 75: Middle East and Africa: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Sales Value (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Figure 76: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Industry: SWOT Analysis
  • Figure 77: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Industry: Value Chain Analysis
  • Figure 78: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Industry: Porter's Five Forces Analysis

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2019 and 2025
  • Table 2: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Breakup by Technology (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Table 3: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Breakup by Application (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Table 4: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Breakup by End User (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Table 5: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Forecast: Breakup by Region (in Million US$), 2020-2025
  • Table 6: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market Structure
  • Table 7: Global: Portable Oxygen Concentrators Market: Key Players