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市場調查報告書

塑膠光纖市場(POF)市場與技術分析:2020年版

Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2020 Edition

出版商 Information Gatekeepers Inc. 商品編碼 203179
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 321 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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塑膠光纖市場(POF)市場與技術分析:2020年版 Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2020 Edition
出版日期: 2020年01月01日內容資訊: 英文 321 Pages
簡介

本報告詳細分析了POF(塑膠光纖)的市場及技術,並統整了POF的特長、與其他技術的比較、在世界各國的技術開發狀況、主要用途、規格與標準化的動態、成長推進因素與市場機會、未來展望等。

執行摘要

第1章 簡介

第2章 POF的優點

  • 可連接性的簡易性
  • 耐用性
  • 大口徑
  • 低成本性
  • 光纖成本
  • 調頻發送器
  • 空間分割多重化(SDM)成為可能
  • 接收器
  • 連接器
  • 檢查機器
  • 安裝
  • 維護
  • 簡易使用
  • 安全性
  • 頻段
  • 其他類型的光纖開發
  • 可期待普及於許多市場的POF
  • 標準化的進展
  • 成長的可能性
  • 尺寸問題
  • PF GI-POF發揮低價零件的優點,開發用於GOF

第3章 銅製纜線、GOF、POF的比較

  • 利弊
  • 安裝者的意見

第4章 POF發展歷史、全球相關組織與商業活動

第5章 POF系統的技術性特徵

  • 光纖系統的基本技術要素
  • 光纖類型
  • 塑膠光纖

第6章 光源

  • LED
  • 共振空洞LED(RC-LED)
  • 雷射二極體
  • 垂直共振面發光雷射(VCSEL)
  • 綠、藍的POF光源預測
  • 高速POF接收器

第7章 光連接器、剪接

  • 可連接性
  • POF連線型
  • 剪接
  • OptoLock:無連接器連線
  • 彈珠連接器

第8章 結合器

  • 光途徑與交錯連線
  • 運用結合器的開關

第9章 POF纜線

第10章 整合光技術

  • 平面導波路與其他被動裝置
  • 全像

第11章 鏡片

  • 聚合物鏡片
  • 對應POF的高效率光集線器

第12章 光纖光柵

第13章 光增幅器

  • 慶應大學
  • 在色素添加POF雷射性能的因素解析模型
  • 安裝了為了增強訊號而組織融合的有機半導體的POF

第14章 檢查機器

  • OTDR

第15章 POF系統 - 乙太網路的案例

第16章 適用乙太網路的POF硬體

  • 用於SI-POF Gigabit通訊的商用矽
  • 用於ITU規格G.hn的乙太網路POF光纖收發器
  • G.hn晶片組
  • Gigabit乙太網路規格
  • Gigabit乙太網路OptoLock

第17章 POF資料通訊用途案例

  • 簡介
  • 用途廣泛
  • 光電耦合元件的用途
  • PCB相互連接
  • 數位音響介面
  • 飛機用資料鏈
  • 汽車用POF機器
  • LAN
  • IEEE 1394 FireWire
  • 收費站
  • 工廠自動化
  • 醫療用途
  • 高電壓絕緣
  • 居家網路
  • 檢查機器
  • POF感測器
  • 安全性
  • EMI/RFI
  • 油壓起重器
  • 鐵路
  • Controller Area Network(CAN)
  • POS終端
  • 機器人
  • 可編程邏輯控制器
  • 監視器
  • 高速影片
  • 居家影片
  • 數位電子看板

第18章 POF成本比較

  • Avago白皮書

第19章 POF與相關規格

  • 促進標準化要素
  • POF規格的趨勢
  • POF規格開發的歷史
  • 包含POF的現今規格

第20章 零件與檢查

  • 簡介
  • IEC
  • VDI/VDE
  • 規格大綱

第21章 POF零件:現況

第22章 POF供應商

  • POF纜線
  • 半導體(收發器)
  • 光源(收發器)
  • 光二極體
  • 連接器
  • 結合器
  • 檢查機器
  • 剪接
  • 光纖收發器
  • 資料鏈
  • POF網路
  • IPTV機器供應商
  • 其他POF被動零件
  • 其他主動零件

第23章 POF零件的價格動態

第24章 市場成長推進因素

第25章 POF市場與今後預測

  • 汽車
  • CE產品
  • 產業控制、IoT
  • 家庭網路、IPTV&Ultra HD TV
  • 相互連接機器
  • 醫療
  • 航太
  • 市場整體潛力

第26章 POF事業的新可能

  • 纜線、光纖
  • 連接器
  • 光源
  • 結合器
  • 檢查機器
  • 剪接
  • 硬體
  • 資料鏈
  • 流通
  • 設計、工程
  • 收發器
  • 系統供應商

第27章 成功策略

第28章 文獻

本網頁內容可能與最新版本有所差異。詳細情況請與我們聯繫。

目錄

Overview:

Plastic Optical Fibers (POF) have been overshadowed in the last decade by the success of glass optical fibers. When people hear the term "optical fibers," they immediately think of glass. Few people, including professionals in the business, know about plastic optical fibers (POFs), which predate those made of glass. Because glass fibers have certain advantages, they have dominated the market, while POFs have remained largely in the background. POF had been relegated to low-bit-rate and short-distance applications. However, recent technological advances and the emergence of new applications in the automotive, avionics, consumer electronics, and short-distance interconnect industries have propelled POF into the limelight as a lower-cost alternative to glass fiber or copper at medium distances and at bit rates of 40Gbps.

New technological developments in sources, connectors, and fibers are expanding the bandwidth-distance limits of POF into new applications. There has been a dramatic increase in the GI-POF technology and its availability in the market. This has resulted in increased interest by component suppliers and end users. The market for short, high-speed optical links is experiencing sustained growth. These links are less than 100 meters, with speeds up to 40Gbps. After many years of playing second fiddle to the glass optical fiber business, POF is now starting to get the recognition it deserves. Some are even saying that POF could be a disruptive technology.

The market for POF could never be brighter with the trend to “all optical networks”, need for higher bandwidth, EMI protection, lower cost, lighter weight, ease of use and other factors. POF's main competitor copper is fast running out of steam. New applications, are starting to appear in data centers, commercial aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), Internet of Things (IoT), machine vision, sensors for structural health monitoring, and home networking for Ultra High Definition TVs (UHD TV/4K and 8K), to only name a few.

This study reviews the history of POF, the technological developments, emerging applications, commercial activities, and research and education centers around the world. It presents a comprehensive and historical review of the POF business and should form the basis of future internal market research.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Table of Contents

E.0. Executive Summary

  • E.1.0. Introduction
  • E.2.0. Markets
  • E.2.1. Automotive
  • E.2.2. Consumer Electronics
  • E.2.3. Industrial Controls and IoT
  • E.2.4. Interconnects
  • E.2.5. Home Networking
  • E.2.6. Medical
  • E.2.7. Homeland Security
  • E.2.8. Avionics
  • E.3.0. POF as a Disruptive Technology
  • E.4.0. Market Forecasts
  • E.5.0. Technology
  • E.5.1. Fiber Loss Trends
  • E.5.2. Bandwidth Trends
  • E.5.3. Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA
  • E.5.4. Perfluorinated Graded Index POF (PF GI-POF)
  • E.5.5. Other POF Technologies
  • E.6.0. POF Associations and Interest Groups Trends
  • E.7.0. What are the Major Impediments to Further Developments in the POF Industry?
  • E.8.0. New POF developments in recent years
  • E.9.0. Opportunities
  • E.10.0. Market Demand

1.0. Introduction

2.0. Why POF?

  • 2.1. Ease of connectorization
  • 2.2. Durability
  • 2.3. Large diameter
  • 2.4. Lower Costs
  • 2.5. Fiber Costs
  • 2.6. Transmitters (Transceivers, Receivers)
  • 2.7. Space Division Multiplexing is Possible
  • 2.8. Receivers
  • 2.9. Connectors
  • 2.10. Test Equipment
  • 2.11. Installation
  • 2.12. Maintenance
  • 2.13. Ease of Handling
  • 2.14. Safety
  • 2.15. Bandwidth
  • 2.16. Developments of other types of fibers
  • 2.17. Many markets are open to POF
  • 2.18. Standards Situation is Improved
  • 2.19. Growth Potential
  • 2.20. Size Matters
  • 2.21. PF GI-POF Takes Advantage of Low-cost Components Developed for GOF

3.0. Comparison Between Copper, GOF, and POF

  • 3.1. Advantages and Disadvantages of POF
  • 3.2. An Installer's View
    • 3.2.1. Installation Issues
    • 3.2.2. Testing
      • 3.2.2.1. Do-it-yourself POF Kits
      • 3.2.2.2. Connectorless Connetions

4.0. POF Historical Development, Organizations, Research & Education Centers . . . and Commercial Activities Worldwide

  • 4.1. Historical Perspective
  • 4.2. POF Organizations, Research & Education Centers, and Commercial Activities Worldwide
    • 4.2.1. POF Developments in Japan
    • 4.2.2. POF in the US
    • 4.2.3. POF in Europe
      • 4.2.3.1. POF France
      • 4.2.3.2. POF Germany
      • 4.2.3.3. POF in the European Union (EU) /European Commission (EC)
      • 4.2.3.4. POF in the United Kingdom (UK)
      • 4.2.3.5. POF in Spain
      • 4.2.3.6. POF in Portugal
      • 4.2.3.7. POF in the Netherlands
    • 4.2.4. POF in Korea
    • 4.2.5. POF in Australia
    • 4.2.6. POF in Brazil
    • 4.2.7. POF in Greater China
    • 4.2.8. POF in Other Countries

5.0. Technical Characteristics of POF Fibers Systems

  • 5.1. Basic Technical Components of Optical Fiber Systems
  • 5.2. Types of Optical Fibers
    • 5.2.1. Step Index Fibers
    • 5.2.2. Multimode Graded Index Fiber (MMF)
    • 5.2.3. Single-mode Fibers (SMF)
  • 5.3. Plastic Optical Fibers
    • 5.3.1. Materials used for POF
    • 5.3.2. Attenuation
    • 5.3.3. Perfluorinated POF
      • 5.3.4.1. How Numerical Aperture of Fiber Affects Bandwidth
      • 5.3.4.2. Methods to Increase Bandwidth
      • 5.3.4.3. Increased Bandwidth Using Low-NA Source
    • 5.3.5. Graded Index PMMA POF (GI-POF)
    • 5.3.6. Perflourinated (PF) Graded Index POF (GI-POF)
    • 5.3.7. Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
      • 5.3.7.1. New GI PTCEMA
    • 5.3.8. High-temperature Plastic Optical Fibers
      • 5.3.8.1. Polystyrene
      • 5.3.8.2. The Advantages of Polystyrene
    • 5.3.9. Photonic Crystal Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers
      • 5.3.9.1. Microstructured Polymer Fibers
    • 5.3.10. Summary Performance of PMMA and PF-GI POF (SI and GI)
    • 5.3.11. Environmental Effects on POF
    • 5.3.12. Manufacturing Methods of POF
      • 5.3.12.1. Extrusion
      • 5.3.12.2. Preform Drawing
      • 5.3.12.3. Manufacturing Graded Index PMMA POF
      • 5.3.12.4. Manufacturing PF GI-POF
      • 5.3.12.5. Continuous Extrusion Process

6.0. Light Sources

  • 6.1. LEDs
    • 6.1.1. Low NA LED
    • 6.1.2. Low NA LED Source Perspective for POF Data Link
    • 6.1.3. Materials and Available LED Wavelengths
    • 6.1.4. Gigabit Links Using LEDs
  • 6.2. Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
  • 6.3 Laser Diodes
  • 6.4. Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
    • 6.4.1. Data Links Using Red VCSELS
    • 6.4.2. Red VCSEL Transceivers for Gigabit Transmission over POF
  • 6.5. Outlook for POF Green and Blue Sources
  • 6.6. High Speed POF Receivers

7.0. Optical Connectors and Splicing

  • 7.1. Connectorization
    • 7.1.1. POF Connector Requirements
    • 7.1.2. ATM Forum
  • 7.2. POF Connect Types
    • 7.2.1. PN Connector
    • 7.2.2. Small Multimedia Interface (SMI)
    • 7.2.3. IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch Connector for Automotive Use
    • 7.2.4. Packard Hughes Interconnect
    • 7.2.5. Optical Mini Jack
    • 7.2.6. Panduit Poly-Jack - RJ-45 Type
    • 7.2.7. MOST Automotive Connector and Header System
  • 7.3. Splicing
    • 7.3.1. Brookhaven Industrial Laboratory
    • 7.3.2. Mechanical Splices
    • 7.3.3. Ultrasonic Splicing
  • 7.4. OptoLock - Connectorless Connection
  • 7.5. Ballpoint Connector

8.0. Couplers

  • 8.1. Optical Busses and Cross-connects
  • 8.2. Switches using Couplers

9.0. POF Cables

10.0. Integrated Optics

  • 10.1. Planar Waveguides and Other Passive Devices
  • 10.2. Holograms

11.0. Lenses

  • 11.1. Polymeric Lenses
    • 11.1.1. Ball Point Pen Collimator Lens
  • 11.2. High-efficiency Optical Concentrators for POF

12.0. Fiber Bragg Gratings

13.0. Optical Amplifiers

  • 13.1. Keio University
  • 13.2. Model for Analyzing the Factors in the Performance of Dye-Doped POF Lasers
  • 13.3. Plastic Optical Fiber with Embedded Organic Semiconductors for Signal Amplification

14.0. Test Equipment

  • 14.1. OTDRs

15.0. POF Systems - Ethernet Example

16.0. POF Hardware for Ethernet

  • 16.1. Commercial Silicon for Gigabit Communication over SI-POF
  • 16.2. Ethernet POF Media Converter for ITU Standard G.hn
  • 16.3. G.hn Chip Sets
  • 16.4. Gigabit Ethernet Standard
  • 16.5. Gigabit Ethernet OptoLock

17.0. Illustrative Examples of POF Data Communications Applications

  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Range of Applications
  • 17.3. Optocoupler Applications
  • 17.4. Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Interconnects
  • 17.5. Digital Audio Interface
  • 17.6. Avionic Data Links
    • 17.6.1. Practical Experience in Military and Civilian Avionic Systems
    • 17.6.2. McDonald Douglas
    • 17.6.3. Boeing
    • 17.6.4. Requirements for POF in Commercial Aircraft -Boeing
  • 17.7. Automotive Applications of POF
    • 17.7.1. Automotive Harness Trends
    • 17.7.2. Increase in Electronic Content
      • 17.7.2.1. Different Data Busses in Automobiles
    • 17.7.3. Automobile Standards
      • 17.7.3.1. MOST Standard
      • 17.7.3.2. 1394 Automotive Working Group and IDB
  • 17.8. Local Area Networks
    • 17.8.1.1. POF vs. Glass Comparison
    • 17.8.1.2. Operating Experience
    • 17.8.2. Codenoll
    • 17.8.3. Mitsubishi Rayon
    • 17.8.4. NEC Corp. Ethernet
  • 17.9. IEEE 1394 FireWire
    • 17.9.1. Markets for 1394
    • 17.9.2. Transmission Media
    • 17.9.3. 1394 as a Home Network
      • 17.9.3.1. IEEE 1394 Proposed Costs
      • 17.9.3.2. Future of 1394
  • 17.10. Tollbooth Applications
  • 17.11. Factory Automation
  • 17.12. Medical Applications
  • 17.13. High Voltage Isolation
  • 17.14. Home Networks
    • 17.14.1 CEBus
    • 17.14.2 Over the Top (OTT)
    • 17.14.3 “Capillary of Light” Home Network
  • 17.15. Test Equipment
  • 17.16. POF Sensors
  • 17.17. Security (Tempest)
  • 17.18. EMI/RFI
  • 17.19. Hydraulic Lifts
  • 17.20. Trains
  • 17.21. Controller Area Network (CAN)
  • 17.22. Point-of-sale Terminals
  • 17.23. Robotics
  • 17.24. Programmable Controllers (PLC)
  • 17.25. Video Surveillance
  • 17.26. High-speed Video
  • 17.27. Home Video
  • 17.28. Digital Signage

18.0. POF Cost Comparisons

  • 18.1. Avago Cost Trade-off White Paper

19.0. POF and Related Standards

  • 19.1 What drives standards?
  • 19.2 Trends in POF Standards
  • 19.3 History of the Development of POF Standards
    • 19.3.1. IEC
  • 19.4. Present Standards that Include POF
    • 19.4.1. Process Control
      • 19.4.1.1. Profibus
      • 19.4.1.2. SERCOS (Serial Realtime Communication System)
      • 19.4.1.3. Interbus
    • 19.4.2. Automotive Standards
      • 19.4.2.1. MOST
      • 19.4.2.2. IDB-1394
      • 19.4.2.3. ByteFlight
      • 19.4.2.4. CEA Aftermarket
    • 19.4.3. Computer Standards
      • 19.4.3.1. ATM
      • 19.4.3.2. IEEE-1394
      • 19.4.3.3. Storage Area Networks
      • 19.4.3.4. Supercomputers/Servers
      • 19.4.3.5. Datacenters
    • 19.4.4. Home Standards
      • 19.4.4.1. CEBUS
      • 19.4.4.2. ATM Forum Residential Broadband
      • 19.4.4.3. IEEE-1394 Home Networking
      • 19.4.4.4. ITU G.hn
    • 19.4.5. Consumer Electronics and “Over the Top”
      • 19.4.5.1. Active Optical Cables
      • 19.4.5.2. Over-the-Top-Enabled Devices

20.0. Components and Testing

  • 20.1. Introduction
  • 20.2. IEC
  • 20.3. VDI/VDE
  • 20.4. Standards Summary

21.0. POF Components - Present Status

  • 21.1. POF Fibers
    • 21.1.1. Mitsubishi Rayon (now Mitsubishi Chemical)
    • 21.1.2. Asahi Kasei
    • 21.1.3. Toray Industries Inc.
    • 21.1.4. Shenzhen Dasheng Optoelectronic Technology Co. Ltd.
    • 21.1.5. Asahi Glass
    • 21.1.6. Nanoptics
    • 21.1.7. OFS-Fitel (now Chromis Fiber Optics)
    • 21.1.8. Redfern Polymer (Cactus Fiber) (Kiriama)
    • 21.1.9. Nexans
    • 21.1.10. Fuji Film
    • 21.1.11 Luvantix
    • 21.1.12 Optimedia
    • 21.1.13 Jiangxi Daisheng Co. Ltd.
    • 21.1.14 Sekisui Chemical Company

22.0. POF Suppliers

  • 22.1. POF Cables
  • 22.2. Semiconductors (Transceivers) for POF
    • 22.2.1. KDPOF
    • 22.2.2. CoolSilicon/CoolPOF
  • 22.3. Light Sources (Transceivers)
    • 22.3.1. Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
    • 22.3.2. Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
    • 22.3.3. Laser Diodes
    • 22.3.4. VCSELs
  • 22.4. Photodiodes
  • 22.5. Connectors
    • 22.5.1. Connectorless Technologies
  • 22.6. Couplers
  • 22.7. Test Equipment
  • 22.8. Splicing
  • 22.9. Media Converters
  • 22.10. Data Links
  • 22.11. POF Networks
  • 22.12. IPTV Equipment Providers
  • 22.13. Other POF Passive Components
  • 22.14. Other Active Components

23.0. POF Component Price Trends

  • 23.1. Impact of the MOST Standard
  • 23.2. POF Fiber Pricing
    • 23.2.1. Step Index Fibers
    • 23.2.2. Graded Index POF
  • 23.3. Cables
  • 23.4. Cable Assemblies
  • 23.5. POF Transmitters and Receivers
    • 23.5.1. MOST Pricing
  • 23.6. Conclusions for POF Data Components
  • 23.7 Graded Index PMMA POF
  • 23.8 Perfluorinated GI-POF
  • 23.9 Partially Chlorinated Polymer
  • 23.10. Price targets for POF Components

24.0. Market Drivers

  • 24.1. Technology
  • 24.2. Standards
  • 24.3. Market Needs
  • 24.4. Government Funding
  • 24.5. Education of End Users
  • 24.6. Marketing Pull
  • 24.7 Lack of Major Player
  • 24.8. Resistance to Change and Imbedded Infrastructure

25.0. POF Markets and Forecasts

  • 25.1. Automotive Market
    • 25.1.1. How Big is the Market?
  • 25.2. Consumer Electronics Market
    • 25.2.1. Connected TV Device Ownership
  • 25.3. POF Industrial Controls and IoT Market
  • 25.4. Home Networking Market and IPTV / Ultra HD TV (4K&8K)
    • 25.4.1 UHD TV 4K/8K
  • 25.5. Interconnect Market
  • 25.6. Medical Market
  • 25.7. Avionics Market
  • 25.8. Total POF Market Potential

26.0. Opportunities in the Emerging POF Business

  • 26.1. Cables and Fiber
  • 26.2. Connectors
  • 26.3. Sources
  • 26.4. Couplers
  • 26.5. Test Equipment
  • 26.6. Splicing
  • 26.7. Hardware
  • 26.8. Data Links
  • 26.9. Distribution
  • 26.10. Design and Engineering
  • 26.11. Converters
  • 26.12. Systems Suppliers

27.0. Strategies for Success in the POF Market

28.0. References

Appendix 1: Avago White Paper on POF Sensors

Appendix 2: Avago White Paper on Fiber vs. Copper Links

Appendix 3: 15 Years Polymer Optical Fiber Application Center - A Summary

Appendix 4: List of POF Conferences, POF Symposia, POF WORLD, POF Market Reports, Newsletters and Books

Appendix 5: Mitsubishi Pencil and KPRI's 4K/8K connector through multiple GI POF micro-collimators based on ball-point pen technology

Table of Figures

  • Exhibit E-1: Potential World POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit E-2: Potential World POF Market by Application ($ millions)
  • Exhibit E-3: Global Shipment Forecast of OTT-capable Equipment (in Billions of Units)
  • Exhibit E-4: Attenuation of Different POF Materials
  • Exhibit E-5: Index Profiles of POF and Bandwidth
  • Exhibit E-6: Data of POF Systems Using Standard Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA Fibers
  • Exhibit E-7: PF GI-POF Transmission Records
  • Exhibit E-8: Potential POF Applications
  • Exhibit E-9: Evolving Needs for High-Speed Interconnect Cabling
  • Exhibit E-10: Plenum Opportunity for POF AOC
  • Exhibit 2.1: Advantages of POF
  • Exhibit 2.2: Summary Table of 1 MM SI PMMA POF
  • Exhibit 3.1: Advantages of POF vs. GOF vs. Copper
  • Exhibit 3.2: Desktop Connections
  • Exhibit 3.3: Desktop Cabling Media
  • Exhibit 3.4: Desktop Media Cabling
  • Exhibit 3.5: Test Issues
  • Exhibit 4.1: History of Plastic Optical Fiber Developments for Data Communications
  • Exhibit 4.2: Progress in Reducing Transmission Loss of PMMA Core POF
  • Exhibit 4.3: Japanese POF Consortium Members
  • Exhibit 4.4: HSPN Team Organization
  • Exhibit 5.1: Basic Components of a Fiber-optic Communications System
  • Exhibit 5.1.1: Advantages of POF
  • Exhibit 5.2: Basic Optical Fiber Structure
  • Exhibit 5.3: Different Types of Optical Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.4: Typical Technical Characteristics of Different Types of Glass Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.5: Different Fiber Types
  • Exhibit 5.5.1: Large Diameter Fiber Overview
  • Exhibit 5.6: Basic Materials Used for Plastic Optical Fiber
  • Exhibit 5.7: PMMA Polymer Optical Fibers, Properties and Suppliers
  • Exhibit 5.8: Typical Spectrum of PMMA Fiber
  • Exhibit 5.9: Optical Properties of Different Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.10: Spectral Attenuation for Perfluorinated GI-POF
  • Exhibit 5.11: Bandwidth vs. Numerical Aperture
  • Exhibit 5.12: Attenuation and Dispersion Limits for POF
  • Exhibit 5.13: Data Rate vs. Distance for Various Media
  • Exhibit 5.14: Loss of Optical Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.15: Summary of Recent up-to-date PF GI-POF Laboratory Tests Results
  • Exhibit 5.16: Characteristics of Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
  • Exhibit 5.16.1: Characteristics of the New GI PTCEMA Fiber
  • Exhibit 5.17: Materials Used for High-temperature POF
  • Exhibit 5.18: Attenuation Trends of Different POF Materials
  • Exhibit 5.19: Index Profiles of POF and Bandwidth
  • Exhibit 5.20: Bandwidth of Systems Using Different Types of POF
  • Exhibit 5-21: POF Compliance with Fire and Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH) Standards
  • Exhibit 5.22: Batch Extrusion for POF Manufacturing
  • Exhibit 5.23: Continuous PF-GI-POF Fabrication
  • Exhibit 5.24: Continuous Polymerization Process
  • Exhibit 5.25: Mixture of Monomer and M2 Dopant
  • Exhibit 5.26: How the GIO preform was obtained
  • Exhibit 5.27: Attenuation Spectrum of Various POF made from PMMA or PC
  • Exhibit 5.28: PF GI-POF Extrusion Process
  • Exhibit 6.1: Light Sources and Current Development
  • Exhibit 6.2: Emission Property of a Conventional LED
  • Exhibit 6.3: Schematic of Ring Light Emitting Diode
  • Exhibit 6.4: LEDs with molded plastic lens: (a) Ring LED and (b) Conventional LED
  • Exhibit 6.5: Typical Far Field Radiation Pattern of a Ring LED
  • Exhibit 6.6: Available LEDs
  • Exhibit 6.7: Typical RC-LEDs Operating Parameter
  • Exhibit 6.8: Perspective of 650nm AlGaInP MQW LD structure and cross-section of GaAs/AlGalnP PIN PD
  • Exhibit 6.9: Small signal frequency response of the 650nm AlGalnP MQW LD measured with the GaAs/AlGalnP PIN PD
  • Exhibit 6.10: Cross Section of GaAs/AlGaInP Pin PD
  • Exhibit 6.11: Outlook for POF Sources
  • Exhibit 7.1: POF Connectors Using Polishing
  • Exhibit 7.2: POF Connectors Using Hot Plate
  • Exhibit 7.3: Schematic of Connectorless Transceiver
  • Exhibit 7.4: PN Connector
  • Exhibit 7.5: Connection Loss of PN Connector
  • Exhibit 7.6: IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch
  • Exhibit 7.7: Latching Plug with Socket with Integrated FOT
  • Exhibit 7.8: Uses for Poly-Jack
  • Exhibit 7.9: Poly-Jack Features
  • Exhibit 7.10: OptoLock Termination Steps
  • Exhibit 7.11: Ball Point Connector
  • Exhibit 8.1: Diagram of POF Fiber with Embedded Mirrors
  • Exhibit 8.2: Polymeric Optical Switch with GRIN Lenses
  • Exhibit 9.1: Types of POF Cables
  • Exhibit 9.2: POF Ribbon Systems
  • Exhibit 11.1: Structure of Acceptance Component in the Transceiver
  • Exhibit 13.1: Signal gain vs. launched pump power for RB-doped GI POFA Fig. 1
  • Exhibit 13.2: Signal gain vs. launched pump power for RB-doped GI POFA Fig. 2
  • Exhibit 13.3: Signal gain vs. gain wavelength for RB-doped GI POFA
  • Exhibit 14.1: Special Requirements for an OTDR Working on POF
  • Exhibit 14.2: Hand Held Devices
  • Exhibit 14.3: Available OTDRs
  • Exhibit 15.1: Volition Ethernet Networks
  • Exhibit 17.1: POF Applications by Distance
  • Exhibit 17.2: Actual and Potential Applications of POF
  • Exhibit 17.3: Universal Premises Network Applications
  • Exhibit 17.4: Technical Specifications of Consumer Data Links
  • Exhibit 17.5: DAI (Digital Audio Interface) Optical Fiber Datalinks
  • Exhibit 17.6: Expansion of Optical Fiber Links for Digital Audio Applications
  • Exhibit 17.7: Fly-By-Light Subsystems and Associated Optical Hardware Under Development (McDonald Douglas, now Boeing)
  • Exhibit 17.8: Fiber-optic LANs on the Boeing 777
  • Exhibit 17.9: POF for In-flight Entertainment Systems
  • Exhibit 17.10: Growth of Circuits in Wire Harness in Japan
  • Exhibit 17.11: Trends in Conventional Wiring Harness and Cable Spending per Automobile
  • Exhibit 17.12: Automobile Networks
  • Exhibit 17.13: MOST Partners and Associate Partners
  • Exhibit 17.14: MOST Nodes on the Road
  • Exhibit 17.15: 1394 Automotive Architecture Model
  • Exhibit 17.16: The Status of the IDB-1394 Specification
  • Exhibit 17.17: 1394 AUG Bus Stayed Closely Tied to AMI-C
  • Exhibit 17.18: IDB-1394 Market Projection
  • Exhibit 17.19: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 1
  • Exhibit 17.20: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 2
  • Exhibit 17.21: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 3
  • Exhibit 17.22: POF vs. Glass
  • Exhibit 17.23: Pricing of Announced Products
  • Exhibit 17.24: Optical MiniMAP Specifications
  • Exhibit 17.25: Optical Ethernet Specifications
  • Exhibit 17.26: The Interconnection of Consumer and Office Equipment
  • Exhibit 17.27: Example Features of 1394
  • Exhibit 17.28: The 1394b Long-Distance Specifications for a Range of Transmission Media
  • Exhibit 17.29: Networking in a Cluster & Room-to-room
  • Exhibit 17.30: Comparison of Existing Proposed Home Networks
  • Exhibit 17.31: Comparison of Different Protocols with 1394b
  • Exhibit 17.32: Cost Estimates for 1394 Connectors and Cables
  • Exhibit 17.33: Tollbooth Application
  • Exhibit 17.34: New York Thruway's Costs for Electronic Toll Collection
  • Exhibit 17.35: Factory Automation
  • Exhibit 17.36: NMR Diagnostic Devices
  • Exhibit 17.37: Medical Diagnostics
  • Exhibit 17.38: CEBus Topology
  • Exhibit 17.38.1: Global Shipment Forecast of OTT-capable Equipment (in Billions of Units)
  • Exhibit 17.38.2: Capillary of Light Home Network
  • Exhibit 17.39: Fiber Optics Connecting Two HPIB (IEEE-488) Data Buses
  • Exhibit 17.40: POF as Sensors In Power Networks Fig. 1
  • Exhibit 17.41: POF as Sensors In Power Networks Fig. 2
  • Exhibit 17.42: Fiber Used In Tempest Applications
  • Exhibit 17.43: Bohlinger Inc. Fibri-Lite System
  • Exhibit 17.44: Monitor System for 100 Series Train
  • Exhibit 17.45: Connecting Point-Of-Sale Terminals
  • Exhibit 17.46: Fiber Connects A Robot Controller With A Cell Controller And The Robot
  • Exhibit 17.47: Programmable Controllers (PLC)
  • Exhibit 17.48: Security System For Local And Wide Areas
  • Exhibit 17.48.1: Evolving Needs for High-Speed Interconnect Cabling
  • Exhibit 18.1: Myths of Fiber vs. Copper
  • Exhibit 18.2: Today's Reality of Fiber vs. Copper
  • Exhibit 18.3: Cost Comparisons of Fiber and Copper for Premises Network Point-to-point Link
  • Exhibit 18.4: ATM Cost Comparison
  • Exhibit 18.5: Connector Cost Trade-offs
  • Exhibit 19.1: Existing or Proposed Standards or Organizations That Are Either Developing POF Standards or Are Candidates
  • Exhibit 19.2: Standards by Industry
  • Exhibit 19.3: National and International Standards Organizations
  • Exhibit 19.4: Profibus Network
  • Exhibit 19.5: SERCOS Network
  • Exhibit 19.6: Interbus Network
  • Exhibit 19.7: Active Optical Cable Assembly
  • Exhibit 19.8: POF AOC and Backplane Solutions
  • Exhibit 19.9: Plenum Opportunity for POF AOC
  • Exhibit 20.1: JIS & IEC Generic Specification of Optical Fibers
  • Exhibit 20.2: JIS & IEC Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of POF (Fibers)
  • Exhibit 20.2.1: Fiber Standard 60793-2-40
  • Exhibit 20.3: Public Available Specifications for T&M Methods of Manufacturers and Test Labs
  • Exhibit 21.1: POF Data-grade Fiber Manufacturers
  • Exhibit 21.2: Comparison of ESKAMEGA and ESKAMIU
  • Exhibit 21.3: Various Types Of Fibers Available From Mitsubishi
  • Exhibit 21.4: Typical Transmission Loss Spectra of POF ESKA
  • Exhibit 21.5: Mitsubishi Rayon POF Concept
  • Exhibit 21.6: Transmission Distance Vs. Data Rate for ESKA Fibers
  • Exhibit 21.7: Structure of Single-core and Multicore POF
  • Exhibit 21.8: Comparison of Different Kinds of POFs and Structure Parameters and Transmission Loss
  • Exhibit 21.9: Transmission Loss Spectrum of NC-1000
  • Exhibit 21.10: Relationship Between Fiber Length And Optical Power At Incidence From LD
  • Exhibit 21.11: Structure of Toray Optical Fiber
  • Exhibit 21.12: Diagram of Light Transmission
  • Exhibit 21.13: Lucina Fiber Loss Spectrum Compared To PMMA SI POF and Glass
  • Exhibit 21.14: Typical Wiring of Buildings Using Lucina Fiber
  • Exhibit 21.15: Chromis Platform Fiber Technologies
  • Exhibit 21.16: Chromis PMMA Cables
  • Exhibit 21.17: Main Characteristics of PCP GI POF and PFP GI POF
  • Exhibit 22.1: Basic Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Transceiver
  • Exhibit 22.2: Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Bridge with Two POF Ports and One System Port
  • Exhibit 22.3: Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Bridge with Three POF Ports
  • Exhibit 22.4: Bridged Home Network Based On POF
  • Exhibit 22.5: New Physical Layer For Speed And Coverage Improvements On MOST Systems
  • Exhibit 22.6: Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Manufacturers
  • Exhibit 22.6.1: SMI POF Connector
  • Exhibit 22.6.2: ST and SC Connectors
  • Exhibit 22.6.3: F05 and F07 Connectors (PN)
  • Exhibit 22.6.4: The DNP Connector System
  • Exhibit 22.6.5: FSMA Connector System
  • Exhibit 22.6.6: V-pin-crimp Connectors
  • Exhibit 22.6.7: The SC-RJ System (RDM)
  • Exhibit 22.6.8: MOST POF Connector
  • Exhibit 22.6.9: The D2B Connector
  • Exhibit 22.6.10: LC Connector and Cutter from FiberFin
  • Exhibit 22.6.11: Light-Seal Connector from FiberFin
  • Exhibit 22.6.12: FiberFin's New LC Connector Line of Products for POF
  • Exhibit 22.6.13: Kingfisher's KI TK054 Series of POF Tester
  • Exhibit 22.7: Companies with POF Equipment For IPTV
  • Exhibit 23.1: Volume Trend Curve
  • Exhibit 23.2: Step-Index POF Fiber Pricing Trend (Cents/Meter)
  • Exhibit 23.3: Single 1000μm Jacketed Fiber for Data Communication Applications (GK Type)
  • Exhibit 23.4: POF Cable Pricing Trends ($ per meter)
  • Exhibit 23.5: Hewlett Packard 125MBaud Transmitters and Receivers Volume Pricing
  • Exhibit 25.1: Potential Worldwide Forecast of POF Nodes in Automobiles (millions)
  • Exhibit 25.2: Potential Estimated Automotive POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.3: Potential Consumer POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.4: Potential Industrial Controls and IoT POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.5: Potential Worldwide Networked Homes (millions)
  • Exhibit 25.6: Potential Home Networking POF Markets ($millions)
  • Exhibit 25.7: POF for Optical MDU and Home Network
  • Exhibit 25.8: The Interconnect Market
  • Exhibit 25.9: Potential Interconnect POF Market ($ Millions)
  • Exhibit 25.10: Potential Medical POF Market ($ Millions)
  • Exhibit 25.11: Potential Avionics POF Market ($ Millions)
  • Exhibit 25.12: Potential Worldwide POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.13: Potential World POF Market by Application ($ millions