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NFV (網路功能虛擬化) & 通訊業者的資料中心伺服器:主要的考察 & 技術

NFV & Telco Data Center Servers: Key Considerations & Technologies

出版商 Heavy Reading 商品編碼 336604
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 22 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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NFV (網路功能虛擬化) & 通訊業者的資料中心伺服器:主要的考察 & 技術 NFV & Telco Data Center Servers: Key Considerations & Technologies
出版日期: 2015年07月31日 內容資訊: 英文 22 Pages

根據本報告提供轉移至NFV (網路功可虛擬化) 而使通訊業者產生新必要條件的相關調查,為了支持通訊業者對效能的要求,揭示對應ETSI (歐洲電訊標準化機構) 的設計目標而採用的技術,還有通訊業者資料中心內的所有服務使用共同基礎設施造成的潛在影響討論,突顯雲端、通訊環境的差異。

第1章 簡介、主要調查結果

第2章 雲端 & NFV必要條件 & 方法比較

  • 工作負載的分類
  • IT & Telco (通訊業者) 的差異

第3章 對NFV伺服器來說的技術考察

  • 實行類型
  • 效能的重要性
  • 其他ETSI NFV必要條件的影響
  • 解集模型 & 開放式硬體設備

第4章 供應商簡介

  • 伺服器的平台
    • Cisco
    • Dell
    • Ericsson
    • HP
    • Kontron
    • Oracle
    • Wind River
  • 系統/零組件
    • Intel
    • Mellanox
  • Software
    • 6WIND





One of the most significant changes that network functions virtualization (NFV) will introduce into the telco environment is the use of generic IT servers rather than purpose-built, dedicated hardware platforms to run network applications and services. In addition to lowering the cost of the underlying hardware, it is expected that running virtualized network functions (VNFs) on standardized servers will give telcos greater flexibility, improve resource utilization, and potentially converge networks and IT onto a common infrastructure.

However, these servers are generally designed for enterprise applications, not telecom functions. VNFs consume server hardware resources differently than everyday IT applications. Data plane-heavy functions present a particular challenge. Differences in resource requirements for various categories of application must be well understood in order to ensure the needed performance can be achieved.

The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) NFV Industry Specification Group (ISG) has published a series of documents that outline its requirements for the infrastructure to support NFV. The excerpt below summarizes these documents, along with the shorthand we will use to refer to them throughout this report.

Excerpt 1: ETSI NFV Specifications Documents

In its Compute specification, the ETSI NFV ISG states:

  • The vision and objective of NFV is to implement network functions in portable code which can be executed on generic compute node infrastructure. However, in practical reality, "generic" does not mean completely identical, and even in the cloud computing environment, there are options and differences in the detailed specification of compute nodes. In the context of NFV, these options and differences often affect the packet throughput performance and therefore there is advantage in exploiting optional features if they are available.

The hypervisor-managed approach introduces a performance hit, and several technologies are being proposed to address this. ETSI believes that hypervisors play a key role in creating the execution environment, so it recommends their use rather than bare metal for most applications. Ultimately, ETSI wants services to be cloudified, so that resources can be pooled, shared and dynamically allocated.

In addition, ETSI also presents high-level architectural goals in the areas of portability, reliability, security and manageability, but has stopped short of publishing specifications for the hardware platform. The Open Compute Project (OCP) has developed a reference architecture - but only for servers destined for cloud applications, which differ from telecom applications in important ways. By contrast, the Open Platform for NFV (OPNFV) is focused on telecom, but does not provide any specifications for the underlying hardware platform.

‘NFV & Telco Data Center Servers: Key Considerations & Technologies’ looks at the new requirements that are emerging from telcos as they transition to NFV. It highlights the technologies being deployed to meet ETSI's design goals to support telcos' need for performance, availability and portability. The report discusses workload categories to discern how they can impact underlying hardware decisions, and presents different implementation approaches. It also highlights how cloud and telecom environments differ, with discussion of the potential impact of using common infrastructure for all services within a telco data center.

The report also profiles 10 critical players in this sector*, including both key server vendors and some of their suppliers whose technologies are critical in server platforms.

Report Scope & Structure

‘NFV & Telco Data Center Servers: Key Considerations & Technologies’ is structured as follows:

Section I is an introduction to the report, including the key findings of our research.

Section II compares IT and telco workloads, highlighting their similarities and differences. It discusses how cloud and telco data center providers approach design.

Section III discusses the different implementation approaches to servers - bare metal, hypervisor-managed and cloudified. It explains why performance is such an important challenge, and explores the innovations being proposed to address this. It also discusses the role servers play in achieving ETSI's design goals, including the potential use of a disaggregated model.

Section IV provides an overview of key server vendors, along with some of their suppliers whose technologies are critical in server platforms.

‘NFV & Telco Data Center Servers: Key Considerations & Technologies’ is published in PDF format.


  • 6WIND S.A.
  • Cisco Systems Inc. (Nasdaq: CSCO)
  • Dell Inc.
  • Ericsson AB (Nasdaq: ERICY)
  • Hewlett-Packard Co. (NYSE: HPQ)
  • Intel Corp. (Nasdaq: INTC)
  • Kontron AG (Pink Sheets: KOTRF; Deutsche Börse: KBC)
  • Mellanox Technologies Ltd. (Nasdaq: MLNX)
  • Oracle Corp. (Nasdaq: ORCL)
  • Wind River Systems Inc., a subsidiary of Intel Corp. (Nasdaq: INTC)

Table of Contents


  • 1.1. Key Findings
  • 1.2. Defining Servers
  • 1.3. Report Scope & Structure


  • 2.1. Categorizing Workloads
  • 2.2. Differences Between IT & Telco


  • 3.1. Implementation Type
    • Bare Metal
    • Hypervisor-Enabled Virtualization
    • "Cloudified"
  • 3.2. Importance of Performance
    • Bypassing the Hypervisor
    • Additional Approaches to Address Performance Concerns
  • 3.3. Impact of Other ETSI NFV Requirements
  • 3.4. Disaggregation Model & Open Hardware


  • 4.1. Server Platforms
    • Cisco
    • Dell
    • Ericsson
    • HP
    • Kontron
    • Oracle
    • Wind River
  • 4.2. Systems/Components
    • Intel
    • Mellanox
    • 4.3. Software
    • 6WIND




  • Figure 1: ETSI NFV Specifications Documents
  • Figure 2: The Compute Node in NFV Infrastructure
  • Figure 3: Intel's Open Network Platform
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