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Role of Internal Combustion Engines in the North American Fuel Economy Compliance Technology Market

出版商 Frost & Sullivan 商品編碼 987576
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 133 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
內燃機在北美燃油經濟性合規技術市場中的作用 Role of Internal Combustion Engines in the North American Fuel Economy Compliance Technology Market
出版日期: 2020年12月24日內容資訊: 英文 133 Pages






  • 執行摘要:有限元標準的關鍵策略
  • 摘要:動力總成關鍵技術
  • 全球二氧化碳排放法
  • OEM實際車隊平均MPG和重量的比較
  • 整個機隊的從增量到目標的MPG
  • 燃油經濟性改善:優先領域
  • 技術對改善燃油經濟性的影響
  • 技術滲透概述



  • 二氧化碳排放法
  • 平均MPG目標和年份的比較
  • 按地區:MPG平均目標與年份的比較
  • 安全車輛
  • 不同的EPA和CARB目標
  • 按OEM劃分:實際車隊平均MPG和重量的比較
  • 整個機隊的從增量到目標的MPG
  • 整個船隊的ICE MPG改進預測


  • 技術滲透概述
  • OEM動力總成的定位


  • 技術路線圖:動力總成發展趨勢
  • 燃油經濟性改善:優先領域
  • 技術對改善燃油經濟性的影響
  • 發動機小型化:VVT/VVL,GDI,升壓
  • 電動助力:電子壓縮機和電子渦輪
  • 阿特金森/米勒循環
  • 廢氣再循環(EGR)
  • 注水(WI)系統
  • 氣缸停用(CD)
  • 可變壓縮比(VCR)
  • 減少摩擦:表面塗層和潤滑劑
  • 輕度混合動力(mHEV)系統-48V
  • 電動/可變進給
  • 傳輸
  • 排氣能量回收系統
  • 其他美國技術的榮譽
  • 提高燃油經濟性和成本


  • BMW Group
  • Daimler Group
  • FCA Group
  • Ford Group
  • GM Group
  • Honda Group
  • Hyundai Group
  • Mazda
  • Nissan
  • Subaru
  • Toyota Group
    • 動力總成模型分佈
    • 技術採用指數
    • 動力總成技術預測
    • 有限元改善計劃


  • 增長機會:電氣化可能改變遊戲規則的陣容,以實現合規性
  • 戰略要務


  • 結論與前景


  • 使用的縮寫


Product Code: K587-18

Regulations Must Stabilize to Allow Effective Technology Strategies among OEMs for Improved Fuel Economy and Emissions

The predominant driver of change in the automotive powertrain industry, and the need of the hour, is emissions reduction. Despite the social interest in powertrain electrification, the internal combustion engine (ICE) will remain the leading powertrain for at least 2 decades. Nonetheless, this primary propulsion unit offers scope for improvement, making it essential that technologies are evaluated and applied to boost fuel economy and emissions reduction, especially in North America, one of the world's largest markets, where engine displacement and CO2 emissions remain high.

While the Obama-era EPA norms were intended to increase fuel economy mpg and reduce emissions, increasing adoption of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and crossover utility vehicles (CUVs), which have a large footprint and thus lower mpg and higher emission levels, has proven counter-productive. Moreover, with the Trump Administration's rollback of Obama-era fuel economy and emissions regulations, the more lenient Safer Affordable Fuel Efficient (SAFE) rules have placed the North American automotive industry is in a state of flux from a fuel economy and emissions perspective.

Where the previous targets were certainly tough and had original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) requesting a reduction, the near freezing of regulations has created a massive difference between the SAFE and California Air Resources Board (CARB) expectations, essentially asking OEMs to meet 2 different targets in the United States.

Despite the instability in regulations slowing technology adoption and the need for electrification, such as battery electric vehicles (BEVs) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), the role of conventional IC engine technologies is still pivotal for improving overall fuel economy in the North American automotive market.

Given these circumstances, this study explores technologies that do not offer major electrification but are used in conjunction with conventional IC engines, their impact on overall fuel economy/emissions, and their associated costs. Additionally, with each OEM having its own technology profile, this study identifies the overall market penetration of these technologies based on OEM preferences. The study period is 2018 to 2030.

Key Issues Addressed:

  • What are the regulations and market dynamics that demand an improvement in overall fuel economy?
  • What different technologies are available?
  • What is the cost/benefit ratio of these technologies?
  • What preferences do OEMs have in adopting these technologies, and what is their outlook for the future?
  • How will technologies evolve in the next decade among different OEMs?

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

  • Executive Summary-Key Strategies Toward FE Norms
  • Executive Summary-Key Powertrain Technologies
  • Global CO2 Emissions Legislation
  • Actual Fleet Average MPG vs Weight by OEM
  • Fleet-wide Delta-to-target MPG
  • Fuel Economy Improvement-Focus Areas
  • Technology Impact on Fuel Economy Improvement
  • Technology Penetration Overview

Research Scope and Methodology

  • Research Scope
  • Research Aims and Objectives
  • Key Questions this Study will Answer
  • Research Methodology
  • Key Participant Groups and Associated Brands Compared in this Study
  • Research Background

Legislative and Market Overview

  • CO2 Emissions Legislation
  • Average MPG Target vs Year
  • Average MPG Target vs Year, by Footprint Area
  • SAFE Vehicles
  • Differing EPA and CARB Targets
  • Actual Fleet Average MPG vs Weight by OEM
  • Fleet-wide Delta-to-target MPG
  • Fleet-wide ICE MPG Improvement Projection

Technology Penetration and OEM Positioning

  • Technology Penetration Overview
  • OEM Powertrain Positioning

Technology Overview and Cost

  • Technology Roadmap-Powertrain Development Trends
  • Fuel Economy Improvement-Focus Areas
  • Technology Impact on Fuel Economy Improvement
  • Engine Downsizing-VVT/VVL, GDI, Boosting
  • Electric Boosting-e-Compressor and e-Turbo
  • Atkinson/Miller Cycle
  • Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
  • Water Injection (WI) Systems
  • Cylinder Deactivation (CD)
  • Variable Compression Ratio (VCR)
  • Friction Reduction-Surface Coatings and Lubricants
  • Mild Hybrid (mHEV) Systems-48V
  • Electric/Variable Fead
  • Transmissions
  • Exhaust Energy Recovery Systems
  • Credits for Other Technologies in the United States
  • Fuel Economy Improvement vs Cost

OEM Profiling

  • BMW Group
  • BMW Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • BMW Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • BMW Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • BMW Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • Daimler Group
  • Daimler Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Daimler Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Daimler Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Daimler Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • FCA Group
  • FCA Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • FCA Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • FCA Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • FCA Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • Ford Group
  • Ford Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Ford Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Ford Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Ford Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • GM Group
  • GM Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • GM Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • GM Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • GM Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • Honda Group
  • Honda Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Honda Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Honda Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Honda Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • Hyundai Group
  • Hyundai Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Hyundai Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Hyundai Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Hyundai Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • Mazda
  • Mazda-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Mazda-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Mazda-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Mazda-FE Improvement Projection
  • Nissan
  • Nissan-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Nissan-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Nissan-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Nissan-FE Improvement Projection
  • Subaru
  • Subaru-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Subaru-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Subaru-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Subaru-FE Improvement Projection
  • Toyota Group
  • Toyota Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Toyota Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Toyota Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Toyota Group-FE Improvement Projection
  • Volkswagen Group
  • Volkswagen Group-Powertrain Distribution by Model
  • Volkswagen Group-Technology Adoption Indices
  • Volkswagen Group-Powertrain Technology Forecasts
  • Volkswagen Group-FE Improvement Projection

Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action

  • Growth Opportunity-Electrification of Line-up Likely Game-changer for Compliance
  • Strategic Imperatives

Conclusions and Future Outlook

  • Conclusions and Outlook


  • Abbreviations and Acronyms Used

Next Steps

  • Your Next Steps
  • Why Frost, Why Now?
  • List of Exhibits
  • List of Exhibits (continued)
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  • Legal Disclaimer