Fuel Cell-Hydrogen Policy and Regulations by Key Countries
氫正迅速成為從石油經濟向低碳社會過渡的關鍵組成部分，全球各國政府一直積極投資再生能源和使用這種再生能源生產氫。另一個有趣的方面是氫有可能應用於各個產業，包括鋼鐵製造、化肥、建築供暖和電力以及交通。因此，許多國家提出了優先考慮其目標的氫戰略，並承諾在未來十年內投資數十億美元。雖然一些國家優先考慮生產和出口，但其他國家進行了國內外投資以確保未來的供應。在成本或數量方面，也有與生產相關的特定目標，或脫碳的特定領域， 例如 工業、供熱和電力或移動性。
Hydrogen Economy is Fast Becoming a Transformative Mega Trend, with Policies Across the Globe Offering Growth Potential for Technology and Consumption of Renewable Energy and Low-carbon Hydrogen
The Paris Accord of 2015 is a major landmark for global climate action and move toward a zero-carbon society. Understandably, this has led to a vast interest in renewable power across the globe. However, this alone is not enough to decarbonize the global community.
Hydrogen is fast becoming a key component in the transition from a petroleum economy to a low-carbon society, and governments across the globe have been active in investments in both renewable energy and hydrogen production using this renewable energy.
Another interesting aspect is the potential for hydrogen to be applied across industries, including steel manufacturing, fertilizers, heating and power for buildings, and mobility. As such, many countries have come up with a hydrogen strategy prioritizing their targets and have committed to investments running into billions over the next decade.
While some countries have prioritized production and export, others have made domestic and foreign investments to ensure future supply. There are also specific targets relating to production, in terms of cost or quantity, or specific areas that are being targeted for decarbonizing, such as industries, heating and power, or mobility.
For hydrogen to be able to truly decarbonize, however, it is essential that the power used for producing hydrogen also has low or zero emissions. When using renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and hydropower that are zero-emission solutions, the hydrogen so produced is classified as 'green' hydrogen. While other low-carbon solutions, such as using Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) are often termed as 'blue' hydrogen or the one produced using nuclear power is called 'purple' hydrogen.
The demand for decarbonization, increasing investments into renewable energy, and hydrogen's potential for wide application areas make hydrogen key in achieving a low-carbon society. While the investments into the hydrogen ecosystem are only just beginning, they are poised for rapid growth in the coming years.